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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940431

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the content difference of gallic acid,protocatechuic acid,catechin,total flavonoids, and total polysaccharides in Cynomorii Herba between different producing areas and the correlation between effective components and environmental factors. MethodNinety-five batches of Cynomorii Herba samples were collected from 12 major producing areas in five provinces (autonomous regions), including Gansu,Inner Mongolia,Xinjiang,Qinghai, and Ningxia,and the geographical-climatic factors such as altitude,longitude and latitude,climate type,annual average frost-free period,annual rainfall,annual sunshine hours,annual average temperature, and annual average evaporation were recorded. The content of gallic acid,protocatechuic acid, and catechin in Cynomorii Herba was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC),and the mathematical model of the correlation between the content of chemical components and environmental factors was optimized and established. ResultPearson correlation analysis showed that protocatechuic acid content in Cynomorii Herba increased with the increase in annual average frost-free period and annual average temperature, and catechin content increased with the increase in the annual average frost-free period,annual sunshine hours, and annual average evaporation,while total polysaccharides content decreased with the increase in altitude. Redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that the annual average frost-free period, annual average evaporation,annual sunshine hours, and altitude had great influences on the content of effective components in Cynomorii Herba. Curve fitting showed that the optimal conditions for the growth of Cynomorii Herba were as follows: altitude of 800-2 000 m,annual average frost-free period of 80-110 d, annual rainfall of 110-300 mm,annual sunshine hours of 2 400-3 000 h, annual average temperature of 2.2-8.8 ℃,and annual average evaporation of 1 700-2 500 mm. ConclusionThe content of effective components in Cynomorii Herba is diverse in terms of producing areas and shows a clear response rule to environmental factors. The areas suitable for growing and artificial cultivation introduction are those with high altitude,short annual average frost-free period,low annual rainfall,large average evaporation,long sunshine hours, and low annual average temperature.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E290-E296, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904400

ABSTRACT

Objective Based on the existing clinical drainage device, two novel mechanisms were designed for the connection between the drainage tube of the patient and the drainage tube of the drainage bag, so as to compare such two mechanisms and validate whether the mechanisms can meet the design requirements for clinical use. Methods Mechanism 1 used the method of electromagnetic drive to pull in and Mechanism 2 used the magnetization method of permanent magnet to pull in. The finite element model of static electromagnetic field was established. The force of the two mechanisms under different currents was compared, and the distribution of magnetic field lines and magnetic induction intensity was analyzed. Simulation experiments were designed for preliminary experimental research. Results Under the pull-in state, the maximum magnetic induction of Mechanism 1 and Mechanism 2 at the closed end surface was found in contact area of the two iron cores. The suction force of Mechanism 1 could be adjusted by the current. When the current was 1 A, the maximum magnetic induction intensity at the closed end was 0.76 T, the electromagnetic force measured by the experiment was 6.08 N, the magnetic force of Mechanism 2 was 6.68 N, which was smaller than the 8 N suture tension. Mechanism 2 was separated by supplying the driving coil with a reverse magnetic field. Conclusions When the current was 1 A, Mechanism 1 could meet the magnetic attraction requirements, and Mechanism 2 could be separated when the current reached 1.8 A. Both mechanisms met the requirements of clinical design, but Mechanism 2 was more secure in the process of application. The feasibility of the mechanism structure was verified by finite element analysis and experimental test.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873262

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish a pre-column derivatization reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of 17 amino acids in Cynomorii Herba from different producing areas and conduct a multivariate statistical analysis. Method::RP-HPLC with pre-column derivatization was employed, with phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC) as derivatization reagent. Separation was performed on a WondaSil C18-WR column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm), with 0.05 mol·L-1 sodium acetate solution (pH 6.5) as mobile phase A, and acetonitrile-methanol-water (3∶1∶1) as mobile phase B for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min-1. The detective wave length was set at 254 nm, and the column temperature was maintained at 35 ℃. Principal component analysis (PCA) and systematic cluster analysis (HCA) models were established for multivariate statistical analysis and quality evaluation. Result::17 Kinds of amino acid were detected in Cynomorii Herba, 7 of which were essential amino acids. The 17 amino acids showed good linearity in respective concentration range, r = 0.999 0-0.999 9.The average recoveries were between 98.03%-103.89%with RSD<3.5%. The results of PCA and HCA were basically the same, and both methods can be used to clearly distinguish Cynomorii Herba from 12 municipal producing areas into 6 regions. PCA can be used to classify Cynomorii Herba according to different municipal or provincial production areas, and HCA can be used to classify it according to provincial production areas. It showed that the amino acid contents in Cynomorii Herba from different municipal and provincial producing areas had differences, and the content distribution showed obvious geographical clustering characteristics. PCA showed that Cynomorii Herba from Gansu province and Inner Mongolia had higher amino acid contents and better quality as compared with other producing areas. Conclusion::The established method can be used for content determination of 17 amino acids in Cynomorii Herba from different producing areas, and provide a reference for its comprehensive quality evaluation.

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E296-E303, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862384

ABSTRACT

Objective The flow field of electromagnetically driven pulsating perfusion blood pump was simulated by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method, and the flow state of blood in blood pump was improved by modifying the structure of pump head, so as to improve its anti-hemolytic performance. Methods The influences of changes in pump head structure on flow field in the pump were analyzed by using Fluent 17.0. Four simulation experiments were carried out to analyze streamline distributions of the internal liquid, the turbulent flow energy distribution on axis of the model, pressure loss of blood flowing through the pump head and shear stress on surface of the model. Results In the four experiments, when the angle between the inlet and outlet of the pump head was symmetrical and the angle between the pump head and the symmetrical axis (α) was 30°, there was no obvious disturbance in the flow line and the turbulence degree was low. In Experiment 1, the pressure loss was 376.8 Pa, with the minimum value. The maximum shear stress in Experiment 2 and 3 was 258.6 Pa and 302.8 Pa, respectively, which met the biomechanical requirements of blood pump such as pressure loss and hemolysis. The model with α=30° was selected as pump head structure of the pulsating blood pump driven by electromagnetic force, and was fabricated by 3D printing technology. Conclusions By optimization of the pump head, the hemolysis performance of the blood pump was improved. The research results can be applied to the design and experiment of a new electromagnetic drive pulse perfusion blood pump.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E173-E178, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802489

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the power output and blood compatibility of a novel electromagnetic pulsatile blood pump. Methods First, a theoretical model was established to analyze the driving force of the blood pump, and the experimental driving voltage satisfying the conditions was calculated based on this model. Then, the output flow rate, output pressure characteristics and hemolysis performance of the new blood pump in vitro were preliminarily analyzed by simulated circulation experiments. Results The experimental result showed that when the pump load was 73-5 mmHg (9-78 kPa, 1 mmHg=0-133 kPa), the driving voltage was 35 V and the pulsation frequency was 75 beats/min, the flow rate of the pump was 3-18 L/min, producing high, low and average pressure of 132, 66, 98 mmHg (17-56, 8-78, 13-03 kPa), and the normalized index of haematolysis (NIH) in vitro was (0-049 15+0-003 75) mg/dL. Conclusions The new pulsatile blood pump can satisfy the clinical requirements for perfusion of isolated organs and short-term assistance of cardiopulmonary bypass, which is of great significance to the development of cardiopulmonary bypass blood pump.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801814

ABSTRACT

Objective: To realize the classification and identification of Cynomorii Herba from different producing areas based on fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and chemometrics. Method: FTIR spectrum data of 106 batches of Cynomorii Herba from 12 cities in 5 provinces were collected by transmission method and preprocessed. The FTIR fingerprints of Cynomorii Herba were established, and spectrum analysis was performed. The FTIR similarities of Cynomorii Herba from different producing areas were calculated by correlation coefficient method. The first derivative (1D) spectrum of average FTIR of Cynomorii Herba from different producing areas were obtained. The soft independent modeling of class analog (SIMCA) model based on principal component analysis (PCA) was established by the preprocessed 1D spectrum data. The orthogonal partial least squares (OPLS) model was established by top 6 principal components. Result: The FTIR fingerprint trend and main absorption peaks of Cynomorii Herba from different producing areas were basically the same,and 16 common characteristic absorption peaks were recognized. Similarity and 1D spectrum of FTIR fingerprint of Cynomorii Herba from different producing areas showed significant and unique characteristics. The established SIMCA model can realize the classification and identification of Cynomorii Herba from different provinces,while OPLS model can realize accurate classification and identification of Cynomorii Herba in different cities. The classification and identification of Cynomorii Herba from 12 city producing areas showed obvious geographical clustering characteristics. Conclusion: The established method based on FTIR and chemometrics can realize the classification and identification of Cynomorii Herba from 12 cities.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical efficacy and safety of application of tranexamic acid for two times combined with postoperative hip and knee on flexion position for reducing blood loss during total knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2018, 90 patients with knee osteoarthritis underwent unilateral total knee arthroplasty, including 33 males and 57 females, aged from 61 to 85 years old with an average of(72.3±6.9) years old. The patients were randomly divided into three groups according to random number table, 30 patients in each group. In group A, there were 11 males and 9 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (71.60±6.04) years old, body mass index was (26.04±1.95) kg/m², hemoglobin was(128.57±5.98) g/L, treated by 7.5 mg/kg tranexamic acid was injected intravenously before upper tourniquet, and 7.5 mg/kg tranexamic acid after closure of incision and before loosening tourniquet, meanwhile combined with flexion position of hip for 30° to 45° and flexion position of knee for 60° for 70°. In group B, there were 10 males and 20 females aged from 61 to 85 years old with an average of (72.04±7.47) years, body mass index was (25.92±1.70) kg/m², hemoglobin was (127.58±4.37) g/L, treated by 15 mg/kg tranexamic acid injected intravenously before loosening tourniquet. In group C, there were 12 males and 18 females aged from 62 to 85 years old with an average of (73.23±7.36) years, body mass index was (26.07±1.49) kg/m², hemoglobin was (128.31±5.61) g/L, treated with the same amount of normal saline before loosening tourniquet. Intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative drainage volume, recessive blood loss, total blood loss volume, blood transfusion cases, activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT), prothrombin time(PT), prothrombin international standardized ratio (PT-INR) and indexes of D-dimer(D-D) were compared among three groups, as well as postoperative deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism were observed among three groups.@*RESULTS@#No incision infection occurred in all 90 patients, and all patients were followed up from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6 months without pulmonary embolism occurred. There was no statistical difference in itraoperative bleeding volume among three groups(F=0.299, =0.742), while there were significant differences in postoperative drainage volume, recessive blood loss, and total blood loss among three groups. The number of blood transfusion were as following, 2 cases in group A, 8 cases in group B, and 16 cases in group C, there were statistically significant differences among three groups(χ² =16.01, 0.05), and no difference in occurrence of lower limb vein thrombosis after operation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The method of using tranexamic acid before upper tourniquet, after closure of incision and before loosening tourniquet-combined with the flexion position of hip and knee could effectively reduce postoperative drainage volume, recessive bleeding, total blood loss and blood transfusion cases after total knee arthroplasty, while it does not increase risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antifibrinolytic Agents , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Therapeutics , Tranexamic Acid
8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 412-418, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705056

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Aesculus hippocastanum seed extract(AH) on concanavalin A (ConA)-induced acute liver injury in mice,and to ex-plore whether the mechanism was related to the inhibi-tory effect of AH on oxidative stress and c-Jun N-termi-nal kinase (JNK). Methods ConA(20 mg·kg-1) was administered via tail vein injecting to induce he-patic damage in mice. The groups of AH were given at 12.5,25,50 mg·kg-1by oral gavage separately for 20 days. The serum levels of AST,ALT,TP,and Alb were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer and the A/G ratio was calculated. TNF-α and IFN-γ levels were assayed by ELISA. The liver tissue was attained by HE and the histopathological changes were calculat-ed. The MDA, SOD, GSH contents of liver tissues were assayed by related kits. The activity of caspase-3 was detected by spectrophotometry. The expressions of cytochrome C and Bax, Bcl-2, p-JNK and p-Akt were detected by Western blot. Results The serum levels of ALT, AST, IFN-γ and TNF-α in AH groups were significantly lower than those in ConA-injured group, while the levels of TP,Alb and A/G were significantly higher. The SOD and GSH levels of liver tissues signif-icantly increased and MDA level decreased; liver his-topathological changes were consistent with those of the serological indicators, and AH treatment significantly reduced the pathological damage induced by ConA. In AH group,the expression of cytochrome C,caspase-3, Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and p-JNK markedly decreased, while the expression of p-Akt protein increased compared with ConA model group. Conclusion AH could sig-nificantly protect the ConA-induced acute liver injury in mice via inhibition of ROS and JNK pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699978

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mechanical properties of collagen molecules by molecular dynamics simulation,and to determine the relationship between the mechanical properties of the microstructure of cartilage and the macroscopic mechanical properties. Methods Obtaining the collagen molecular model from the protein database and using GROMACS molecular dynamics simulation software,an analog box was built with a size of 24 nm× 3.2 nm × 3.2 nm. The simulation system contained 6 719 water molecules, 20 sodium ions and 20 chloride ions. This solution was equivalent to a saline environment. The uniaxial tensile simulation of collagen molecules was executed under the conditions of different temperature,different tensile rates and different pressures in this environment.Results When the temperature was constant, the tensile rate and the elastic modulus of collagen increased; when the tensile rate was certain, the temperature of the simulation system rose while the modulus of elasticity decreased;under the conditions of certain temperature and tensile rate, the pressure of the system gradually increased,and its modulus of elasticity decreased gradually. Conclusion Through the uniaxial tensile simulation of collagen molecules under different conditions,the mechanical laws of collagen molecules are obtained.There is a certain correlation between the elastic modulus and the tensile strain during the stretching process,and a way of thinking is provided on the study of the correlation of cartilage rate from the microscopic aspect.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4-6,10, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691728

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of Dahuanglinxian Capsule for intervening gallstone formation by regulating the expression levels of ABCB11 and ABCC2 mRNA and protein.Methods Forty male C57BL/6 mice were divided into the normal group(group N),model group (group M),ursodeoxycholic acid group (group U) and Dahuanglinxian Capsule treatment group (group D),10 cases in each group.The group N was fed with normal diet,while the group M,U and D were fed with lithogenic fodder for 8 weeks.Meanwhile the group U and D were given the medication intervention,once daily,for continuous 8 weeks of gavage.After successful modeling,mRNA and protein expression levels of ABCB11 and ABCC2 were detected by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry.Results Compared with the other three groups,the expressions of ABCB11 and ABCC2 mRNA gene and protein in M group were significantly reduced(P<0.01);while,there was no statistical difference in the expressions of ABCB11 and ABCC2 mRNA and protein between the group D and N(P>0.05).Conclusion Dahuanglinxian Capsule can prevent the gallstone formation by regulating the expression of ABCB11 and ABCC2 mRNA and protein.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1026-1032, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817972

ABSTRACT

Objective The mechanisms of PCDHA13 promoter methylation in breast cancer have not yet been elucidated at present. This study was to investigate the role of PCDHA13 gene promoter methylation in the development of breast cancer.Methods The methylation state of PCDHA13 gene promoter in human breast cancer tissues was detected by MassARRAY mass spectrum methylation sequencing. 100μmol/L 5-Aza was prepared with culture medium. The ZR-75-1 cells with 60% cell confluence were added to the final concentration of 5 μmol/L(low concentration group) and 10 μmol/L(high concentration group) 5-Aza, and the control group was only added culture medium. Detection of methylation status of PCDHA13 gene promoter in human breast cancer cells by bisulfite sequencing and methylation-specific PCR, and analysis of methylation status and mRNA expression of PCDHA13 gene by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Western blot, MTT and DAPI staining were used to detect the effect of 5-Aza treatment on proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer ZR-75-1 cells.Results The methylation degree of PCDHA13 gene promoter in the 1, 4-6, 9, 10 and 11 CpG loci in breast cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in normal breast group \[(0.2639±0.1575) vs (0.1612±0.1706), (0.2509±0.1377) vs (0.1688±0.0992), (0.4204±0.2087) vs (0.2621±0.1731), (0.3761±0.1407) vs (0.2824±0.1486), (0.3922±0.1294) vs (0.3072±0.1496)\], and the difference was statistically significant (P0.05). The expression of PCDHA13 mRNA of ZR-75-1 cells was loss in control group, but the expression of PCDHA13 mRNA was reversed after treated with 5-Aza, and the expression of PCDHA13 mRNA was significantly higher in high concentration group than that in low concentration group(P>0.05). After treated with 5-Aza for 24, 48 and 72 hours, the growth inhibition rates were lower in low concentration group than that in high concentration group (P>0.05). The morphology of the nuclei was basically normal and there was no apoptosis occurred in ZR-75-1 cells. But after treated with 5-Aza, some ZR-75-1 cells showed nuclear condensation, chromatin agglutination and heavy coloration.Conclusion This study showed that the low expression or loss of mRNA is associated with hypermethylation of the PCDHA13 gene promoter in breast carcinoma. The PCHDA13 gene expression can be reversed by 5-Aza in ZR-75-1 cells. The re-expression of PCHAD13 not only inhibit the proliferation of cells, but also promote apoptosis. Abnormal methylation of PCDHA13 may become a potential tumor marker for breast cancer.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230951

ABSTRACT

To observe the protective effects of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) on cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in mice and explore its mechanism. Common carotid artery thread was used to cause middle cerebral artery ischemia, and the thread was taken out after 2 h ischemia to achieve cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in mice. Therefore, the transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) models were established to observe the effects of LBP (25,50, 100 mg•kg⁻¹) on neurological outcome, infarct size and water contents. HE staining was used to observe its effects on neurocytes of cerebral tissues in mice. Western blotting was used to evaluate the protein expression levels of NF-κB p65. ELISA was used to evaluate the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in the serum. According to the results, LBP markedly improved neurologic deficits, and decreased infarct size and water contents at 24 h after reperfusion in mice. Pathological section of brain tissues also proved its protective effects on neurocytes. Western blot analysis indicated that LBP markedly down-regulated the protein level of NF-κB p65. ELISA indicated that LBP decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in the serum 24 h after reperfusion.In conclusion, LBP has protective effects on cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in mice, and this effect may be associated with inhibiting NF-κB and inflammatory reactions.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666700

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical application of measurements of neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin in serum (sN-GAL) and urine(uNGAL),cystatin C(CysC) and serum creatinine(sCr) in diagnosis of acute kidney injury(AKI) patients secondary to liver cirrhosis (LC).Methods A total of 260 liver cirrhosis patients without AKI (LC group),207 liver cirrhosis patients with AKI (AKI group)and 106 healthy controls(HC group)were included in the study.The levels of sNGAL,uNGAL,serum creatinine(sCr) and cystatin C (CysC) were determined,respectively.The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were calculated base on sCr and CysC,named as c-aGFR and CysC-eGFR.The differences and correlation of each observed parameters among the various groups were statistically analyzed,and the effectiveness of these parameters as biomarkers for predicting the development of AKI in these patients with liver cirrhosis were assessed.Results Compared with LC group and healthy control group,the levels of sNGAL,uNGAL,sCr and CysC in AKI group were significantly increased(all P <0.01),while the levels of c-aGFR and CysC-eGFR were significantly decreased(all P < 0.01).Along with the progression of AKI stages,the levels of sNGAL,uNGAL,sCr and CysC in the patients were increasing(all P < 0.01),while the levels of c-aGFR and CysC-eGFR were decreasing(all P <0.01).Correlation analysis showed that the levels of sNGAL,uNGAL and CysC were positively correlated with sCr(r =0.662,0.672,0.726,all P <0.01)and negatively correlated with c-aGFR(r =-0.639,-0.661,-0.732,all P < 0.01).On the contrary,CysC was negatively correlated with sCr (r =-0.711,P < 0.01)and positively correlated with c-aGFR (r =0.736,P < 0.01).ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of uNGAL was maximum (0.995) which were significantly higher than that of sNGAL,sCr,c-aGFR,CysC and CysCeGFR(all P < 0.01).The AUC of sNGAL did not present marked difference with that of sCr and CysC (P > 0.05),but-was barely higher than that of c-aGFR and CysC-eGFR (P < 0.05).The diagnostic effectiveness of uNGAL was maximum (0.962),followed by sNGAL(0.920).Conclusion For diagnosis of the development of AKI in the patients with liver cirrhosis,NGAL may be more reliable marker than sCr and CysC,and the detection of uNGAL could be more effective than sNGAL for the diagnosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266670

ABSTRACT

The flushing pump which is applied to clean operative wound has no temperature controlling function up to now, and doctors have to prepare the flushing fluid that has previously been warmed. The flushing pump system with medical constant temperature designed in our laboratory can absorb flushing fluid at the room temperature, and then eject flushing fluid with the temperature in accordance with the requirements of operations at a controlled constant flow rate. The system combines flow rate control with temperature control functions. The flushing pump system includes flushing part, temperature controlling part, key inputting part, liquid crystal displaying part and exceptional situation monitoring part. The present paper introduces the design method and principle of each part of the system at first, and then gives the debug method of all the system parameters. Finally the paper discusses the performance of the system according to the result of the experiment.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Equipment and Supplies , Temperature
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize formulations of emulsion-hydrogel transdermal patch of essential oil from Artemisia Argyi Folium, and to evaluate its transdermal characteristics in vitro. Methods: The formulations were optimized by orthogonal experiment with four factors including hydrogel patch carrier (sodium polyacrylate NP-700), crosslinking agent (dihydroxyaluminium aminoacetate), crosslinking modifier (EDTA), and moisturizing agent (glycerol). Initial adhesive force, hold force, 180° peeling strength, cohesion, and permeability were measured. In addition, the contents of eucalyptol, camphor, and borneol in hydrogel transdermal patch were analyzed by GC. Results: The impacting factors which affected the patch shaping were in the order of glycerol > dihydroxyaluminium aminoacetate > EDTA > sodium polyacrylate NP-700. The optimized formulation was as following: 30% glycerol, 5% NP-700, 0.3% dihydroxyaluminium aminoacetate, and 0.03% EDTA. The permeation rates of eucalyptol, camphor, and borneol were 85.216, 4.442, and 3.941 μg/(cm2∙h), respectively. Conclusion: Emulsion-hydrogel transdermal patch of essential oil from Artemisia Argyi Folium has a better quality and a transdermal property of zero-order release process.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 5105-5107, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare pharmacoeconomic and effect of Xueshuantong for injection and Ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole injection in the treatment of ischemic stroke. METHODS:Retrospective study was conducted. Totally 404 inpatients with ischemic stroke were divided into Xueshuantong group(271 cases)and ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole group(133 cas-es) according to clinical treatment programs. Based on the conventional treatment,patients in 2 groups were given Xueshuantong for injection and ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole injection,respectively. The average treatment course was 10 d. Cost-minimi-zation analysis was performed with the determination index of total effective rate. RESULTS:The total effective rates in Xueshuan-tong group and ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamole group were 90.77% and 88.72%,respectively,the difference was not statisti-cally significant(P>0.05). The costs in 2 groups were 12 860.21 yuan and 13 155.40 yuan,respectively,and xueshuantong group had lower than ginkgo leaf extract and dipyridamde group. CONCLUSIONS:Both Xueshuantong for injection and Ginkgo leaf ex-tract and dipyridamole injection are effective in the treatment of ischemic stroke. However,the economy of Xueshuantong for injec-tion is superior to the other one.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3056-3058, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of Xiaoruzeng capsule on the gastric acid and pepsin in rats. METHODS:Rats were randomized into a blank group (distilled water),a positive control group (3.6 mg/kg omeprazole ) and the groups of low, middle and high doses of Xiaoruzeng capsule [2.25,4.5,9.1 g(crude drug)/kg]. These groups were respectively marked as groups A,B,C,D and E,with 10 rats in each group. All the rats were given corresponding drugs,ig,for consecutive 10 d. Their suc-cus gastricus was collected 3 h after the last administration,and determined for pH value with precision pH test strip and for free acidity and total acidity by acid-base neutralization titration method. The content and activity of pepsin were determined and calculat-ed with the test kit and microplate reader. The pathological change of the stomach was observed under the electron microscope. RE-SULTS:Compared with group A,groups B,C and D had higher pH value of succus gastricus;groups C,D and E had lower free acidity;groups B,C and D had lower total acidity,group E had higher total acidity;groups B,D and E had lower activity of pep-sin;and group C had higher content of pepsin. Compared with group B,group D had lower pH value of succus gastricus;group C had lower total acidity;group E had higher acidity;and groups C,D and E had higher activity of pepsin. There was statistical sig-nificance(P<0.01 or P<0.05). Gastric mucosal erosive haemorrhage was noted in three rats in group E,and other groups demon-strated no obvious pathological change. CONCLUSIONS:Low dose of Xiaoruzeng capsule can slightly inhibit the gastric acid in rats,but will not effect the activity of pepsin.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464400

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the occurrence and relevant factors of adverse drug reactions (ADR) of Xueshuantong Injection. Methods Articles and documents in CNKI, VIP, and CBM were searched in June 2014 according to incorporation and exclusion standard. The dose, indication, medicating path and method, solvent, as well as the duration of treatment course and adverse reaction of Xueshuantong Injection were analyzed. The national information system for monitoring ADR was searched to collect adverse reaction cases of Xueshuantong Injection (2004.9-2014.9) reported in Lanzhou region. Cases were analyzed and under analogy with literature results. Results Totally 66 articles involving 4686 patients were included (except for patients of control group). Adverse reactions occurred in 767 patients, including skin damage (402 cases), systemic damage (221 cases), gastrointestinal system damage (75 cases). All of these were relieved after treatment. There were 11 adverse reaction cases of Xueshuantong Injection from Lanzhou region reported in the national information system for monitoring ADR. Conclusion There is a high incidence of adverse reactions in the clinical application of Xueshuantong Injection and ratio of serious adverse events report.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 838-843, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463245

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the cytotoxic effect and mechanism of ampelopsin sodium ( AMP-Na ) on hu-man lung adenocarcinoma cell line GLC-82 alone or combined with carboplatin ( CBP ) . Methods The cytotoxic effect of human lung adenocarcinoma cell line GLC-82 was investigated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide ( MTT ) colori-metric assay. Ultrastructure change of apoptotic GLC-82 cells was observed with transmission electron micro-scope. The changes of the cell apoptosis and the ex-pression of caspase-3 were analyzed with flow cytome-ter. Results Combined with AMP-Na, the IC50 of CBP decreased from (17. 10 ± 4. 78) mg·L-1 to tron microscope and flow cytometric analysis, the apop-tosis and necrosis ratios also increased in the combina-tion group. The necrosis ratios increased from (2. 56 ± 0. 41 )% to ( 71. 83 ± 5. 43 )% ( P<0. 01 ) . The ex-pression of caspase-3 was increased significantly after treated with AMP-Na or combined with CBP. Conclu-sions There is a synergistic cytotoxic effect on GLC-82 cells treated with AMP-Na combined with CBP. Ap-optotic cells and necrotic cells are found in GLC-82 cells treated with AMP-Na alone or combined with CBP. One of the mechanisms to induce apoptosis is probably that activation of caspase-3 mediates signal transduction pathway in cells.

20.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E458-E462, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804462

ABSTRACT

Objective To propose the design of a pulsate blood pump driven by magnetic coupling and verify its feasibility. Methods The blood pump was designed based on the magnetic transmission reciprocating force model and the push-and-pull structure, and the coupling force was calculated by building the magnetic force-driven model. The prototype of the blood pump was then manufactured, on which the extracorporeal circulation simulation test was conducted to obtain the pressure and flow rate. Results Physiological saline was used as the circulation medium. When the afterload was fixed and increase the preload, the output of the blood pump would decrease, but showing no obvious linear trend. While the preload was fixed and increase the afterload, the output of the blood pump was reduced, showing a linear trend. With the driving frequency set as 75 per minute, and the preload and afterload adjusted in the range of 0.665-3.990 kPa (5-30 mmHg) and 5.320-11.970 kPa (40-90 mmHg), respectively, the output of the blood pump could reach 2.0-3.1 L/min while guaranteeing the linear relationship. Conclusions The proposed magnetic coupling-driven pulsate blood pump can basically meet the need of extracorporeal membrane pulmonary circulation, while it still needs further improvement. The research results have a valuable application prospect, especially with great significance in replacement of blood pump currently used in the extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) equipment in clinic.

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