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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 461-469, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896555

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication of sepsis and is characterized by inflammatory response. MicroRNA-210 host gene (MIR210HG) is upregulated in human proximal tubular epithelial cells under treatment of inflammatory cytokines. This study aimed to explore the role of MIR210HG in sepsis-induced AKI. @*Materials and Methods@#Cell viability was detected by a cell counting kit 8 assay. The levels of proinflammatory cytokines were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. The protein levels of p65, IκBα, and p-IκBα were examined by western blot analysis. The nuclear translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) was detected by immunofluorescence assay. The histological changes of kidneys were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining assay. @*Results@#Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment significantly inhibited cell viability and increased productions of proinflammatory cytokines in proximal tubular epithelial cells (HKC-8). Additionally, MIR210HG levels in HKC-8 cells were increased by LPS treatment. MIR210HG silencing inhibited the LPS-induced cell inflammatory response. MIR210HG activated the NF-κB signaling pathway by promoting the phosphorylation of IκBα and nuclear translocation of p65. Rescue assays revealed that the MIR210HGinduced increase of cytokines levels and decline of cell viability were rescued by QNZ treatment. Knockdown of MIR210HG decreased blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, and proinflammatory cytokine levels in AKI rats. Moreover, the knockdown of MIR210HG protected against AKI-induced histological changes of kidneys in rats. @*Conclusion@#MIR210HG promotes sepsis-induced inflammatory response of HKC-8 cells by activating the NF-κB signaling pathway. This novel discovery may be helpful for the improvement of sepsis-induced AKI.

2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 740-749, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922503

ABSTRACT

Stroke is one of the most serious diseases that threaten human life and health. It is a major cause of death and disability in the clinic. New strategies for motor rehabilitation after stroke are undergoing exploration. We aimed to develop a novel artificial neural rehabilitation system, which integrates brain-computer interface (BCI) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) technologies, for limb motor function recovery after stroke. We conducted clinical trials (including controlled trials) in 32 patients with chronic stroke. Patients were randomly divided into the BCI-FES group and the neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) group. The changes in outcome measures during intervention were compared between groups, and the trends of ERD values based on EEG were analyzed for BCI-FES group. Results showed that the increase in Fugl Meyer Assessment of the Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) and Kendall Manual Muscle Testing (Kendall MMT) scores of the BCI-FES group was significantly higher than that in the sham group, which indicated the practicality and superiority of the BCI-FES system in clinical practice. The change in the laterality coefficient (LC) values based on μ-ERD (ΔLC


Subject(s)
Electric Stimulation , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electroencephalography , Humans , Recovery of Function , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 461-469, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904259

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication of sepsis and is characterized by inflammatory response. MicroRNA-210 host gene (MIR210HG) is upregulated in human proximal tubular epithelial cells under treatment of inflammatory cytokines. This study aimed to explore the role of MIR210HG in sepsis-induced AKI. @*Materials and Methods@#Cell viability was detected by a cell counting kit 8 assay. The levels of proinflammatory cytokines were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. The protein levels of p65, IκBα, and p-IκBα were examined by western blot analysis. The nuclear translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) was detected by immunofluorescence assay. The histological changes of kidneys were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining assay. @*Results@#Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment significantly inhibited cell viability and increased productions of proinflammatory cytokines in proximal tubular epithelial cells (HKC-8). Additionally, MIR210HG levels in HKC-8 cells were increased by LPS treatment. MIR210HG silencing inhibited the LPS-induced cell inflammatory response. MIR210HG activated the NF-κB signaling pathway by promoting the phosphorylation of IκBα and nuclear translocation of p65. Rescue assays revealed that the MIR210HGinduced increase of cytokines levels and decline of cell viability were rescued by QNZ treatment. Knockdown of MIR210HG decreased blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, and proinflammatory cytokine levels in AKI rats. Moreover, the knockdown of MIR210HG protected against AKI-induced histological changes of kidneys in rats. @*Conclusion@#MIR210HG promotes sepsis-induced inflammatory response of HKC-8 cells by activating the NF-κB signaling pathway. This novel discovery may be helpful for the improvement of sepsis-induced AKI.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888196

ABSTRACT

As the most common active brain-computer interaction paradigm, motor imagery brain-computer interface (MI-BCI) suffers from the bottleneck problems of small instruction set and low accuracy, and its information transmission rate (ITR) and practical application are severely limited. In this study, we designed 6-class imagination actions, collected electroencephalogram (EEG) signals from 19 subjects, and studied the effect of collaborative brain-computer interface (cBCI) collaboration strategy on MI-BCI classification performance, the effects of changes in different group sizes and fusion strategies on group multi-classification performance are compared. The results showed that the most suitable group size was 4 people, and the best fusion strategy was decision fusion. In this condition, the classification accuracy of the group reached 77%, which was higher than that of the feature fusion strategy under the same group size (77.31%


Subject(s)
Brain , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography , Humans , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Imagination
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887875

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the radiological features of idiopathic pediatric meningiomas and explore their relationships with pathological grading,misdiagnoses,and blood loss during surgery.Methods We retrospectively reviewed 29 cases of pathologically confirmed pediatric meningiomas with pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from November 2014 to July 2018.We assessed the imaging features to explore their relationships with pathological grading,misdiagnoses,and blood loss during surgery. Results Among the 29 cases,7 intraparenchymal meningiomas,5 extraparenchymal meningiomas,4 ventricular meningiomas,and 1 transcranial meningioma were misdiagnosed.Tumor location was significantly associated with possibility of misdiagnoses(


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meningeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Meningioma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of myoglobin (Mb) for the prognosis of sepsis related chronic critical illness (CCI).Methods:Retrospective study was conducted on septic patients with the length of ICU stay equal or greater than 14 days, and sepsis-related organ failure assessment (SOFA) score equal or greater than 2 on the 14th day in ICU in the First Department of Critical Care Medicine at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2017 to March 2020. Patients′ clinical and laboratory data were collected on the 1st and 14th day in ICU. The survival on day 28 in ICU was recorded. According to the myoglobin levels on day 1 and day 14, all subjects were divided into myoglobin elevation group and decline group. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to compare the cumulative survival rate at day 28. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors of mortality. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the prognostic value of myoglobin.Results:A total of 131 patients with sepsis related CCI were recruited, including 58 patients in the elevation group and 73 in the decline group. The Mb level in elevation group on day 1 was significantly lower than that in decline group [172.40(59.99, 430.53) μg/L vs. 413.60(184.40, 1 328.50) μg/L, Z=3.749, P=0.000], and the Mb level on day 14 was the opposite change in two groups [483.65(230.38, 1 471.75)μg/L in elevation group vs. 132.20(76.86, 274.35)μg/L in decline group, Z=5.595, P=0.000]. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the 28-day cumulative survival rate of the elevation group was significantly lower than that of decline group (χ2=7.051, P=0.008). Cox ratio regression analysis suggested that elevated myoglobin was an independent risk factor for 28-day mortality in septic patients with CCI ( OR=2.534, 95% CI 1.212-5.295, P=0.013). ROC curve analysis suggested that the sensitivity of myoglobin elevation in predicting mortality related to CCI within 28 days was 64.5%, and the specificity was 32.0% with area under the curve(AUC) 0.661(95% CI 0.550-0.773, P=0.007) and Jorden Index was 0.325. Conclusion:Elevated myoglobin, an independent risk factor for mortality within 28 days in ICU, can predict the prognosis of sepsis related chronic critical illness.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of WTAP gene in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#74 acute myeloid leukemia patients with non-M3 type and 19 normal donors were selected, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the mRNA expression level of WTAP gene in their bone marrow cells. The relationship between the mRNA expression level of WTAP gene and the clinical characteristics was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The relative mRNA expression of WTAP gene in the non-M3 AML group was significantly higher than that in the healthy control group, and the difference showed statistically significant (P0.05) according to the classification of FAB. The mRNA expression level of WTAP gene in FLT3-ITD mutated AML patients was higher than that in FLT3-ITD unmutated group (P=0.016), and the mRNA expression level of WTAP gene in AML patients with CEBPα mutation was lower than that in CEBPα unmutated group (P=0.016). The expression level of WTAP mRNA was positively correlated with WT1 expression (r=0.6866, P0.05). The expression level of WTAP mRNA showed no obvious effect on the complete remission of patients after first treatment. The different expression level of WTAP gene at initial diagnosis showed also no effect on the overall survival time of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression level of WTAP gene is increasing in new diagnosed non-M3 acute myeloid leukemia. There is a positive correlation between the expression level of WTAP gene and the expression level of WT1 fusion gene. WTAP mRNA always shows higher expression in patients with FLT3-ITD mutation than that in patients without FLT3-ITD mutation, and shows lower expression in patients with CEBPα mutation than that in unmutated group.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle Proteins , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Prognosis , RNA Splicing Factors , Remission Induction , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 701-710, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880968

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR T) therapies have achieved unprecedented efficacy in B-cell tumors, prompting scientists and doctors to exploit this strategy to treat other tumor types. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a group of heterogeneous myeloid malignancies. Relapse remains the main cause of treatment failure, especially for patients with intermediate or high risk stratification. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation could be an effective therapy because of the graft-versus-leukemia effect, which unfortunately puts the patient at risk of serious complications, such as graft-versus-host disease. Although the identification of an ideal target antigen for AML is challenging, CAR T therapy remains a highly promising strategy for AML patients, particularly for those who are ineligible to receive a transplantation or have positive minimal residual disease. In this review, we focus on the most recent and promising advances in CAR T therapies for AML.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905512

ABSTRACT

Aging leads to cognitive decline, including memory, attention, language and execution. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder closely related to age. Decreased cognitive function is one of its core symptoms. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been used in old healthy adults and AD patients to improve aging-related cognitive impairment. tDCS can improve memory (situational memory, semantic memory and working memory), language, error awareness and attentional functions in the old adults, which were influenced by many factors, such as education levels, stimulation parameters and individual task baseline scores, etc. For AD patients, tDCS may improve their cognitive function, which is influenced by the factors as anatomical differences, severity of disease, stimulation parameters and assessment tools, etc. Cognitive training combined with tDCS can further improve cognitive function in old adults and AD patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756576

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effects of external tissue expansion assisted lipotransfer for temple depression augmentation.Methods A total of 18 cases of temple depression wore the a vacuum-based cupping cup device for recipient-site preconditioning for 1-3 months before fat injection.Results Temple soft tissue can pinched easily after expansion,fat injection ranged from 12-16ml per site,the temple depression were augmented and the sculpted appearance were improved obviously after 1to 12 months follow-up,there were no complications such as nodules,masses,alopecia or cysts occurred.Patient satisfaction was assessed and the VAS score was (7.8.± 1.4).Conclusions The addition of temple region expansion before fat injection can improve the skin compliance,increase the recipient-site volume,enhance fat graft placement and higher graft survival rates,demonstrating a high safety and efficacy procedure.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 404-410, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810639

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence, risk factors and survival of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) in patients who had undergone haplo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 444 consecutive patients who underwent haplo-HSCT and survived at least 100 days after transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between January 2013 and December 2015.@*Results@#By the end of follow-up on January 1, 2018, 25 patients (5.63%) had BOS (BOS group) . The median onset time of BOS was 448 (165-845) d post transplantation, the 1-year, 2-year and 3-year cumulative incidence of BOS was 1.6% (95%CI 1.5%-1.6%) , 4.8% (95%CI 4.7%-4.8%) and 5.8% (95%CI 5.7%-5.8%) , respectively. Among patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) , the cumulative incidence at the same intervals was 2.8% (95%CI 2.7%-2.8%) , 9.5% (95%CI 9.4%-9.5%) and 11.5% (95%CI 11.4%-11.6%) , respectively. In the multivariate analysis, the risk factors for BOS were high-risk primary disease, Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD and preceding cGVHD with other organs. The 3-year overall survival (OS) was lower among patients with than those without BOS, but the difference was not significant [71.8% (95%CI 53.9%-89.6%) vs 72.4% (95%CI 68.1%-76.7%) , P=0.400]. Overall 1-year, 3-year survival of patients with BOS from the time of diagnosis was 78.4% (95%CI 61.5%-95.3%) and 37.0% (95%CI 2.5%-71.5%) , respectively, significantly less than those without (93.9% and 89.3%, from day 448 after transplantation, respectively, P<0.001) . Furthermore, we found a significantly higher incidence of transplantation-related mortality (TRM) in patients with compared with patients without BOS (28.2% vs 10.9%, P<0.001) . The main risk factor for OS of BOS patients was the severity of pulmonary impairment at the time of diagnosis. Patients who developed severe BOS had a worse OS than those with moderate and mild BOS (P=0.049) .@*Conclusion@#BOS is a severe pulmonary complication of haplo-HSCT. High-risk primary disease, Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD and preceding cGVHD were independent risk factors for BOS. Patients who developed BOS had a worse OS than those without BOS. The main risk factor for OS of BOS patients was the severity of pulmonary impairment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743230

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of trauma-care check list (TCC) and quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) on the early diagnosis of severe trauma with sepsis,and analyze the treatment time lines.Methods Totally 120 patients with severe trauma treated in Taizhou People's Hospital from February 2017 to January 2018 were reviewed.Sixty cases adopted TCC and qSOFA trauma care integration process (integration group),and the rest 60 cases adopted systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score and emergency surgery multi-section support process (traditional group).According to the 2016 International Sepsis Guide Criteria,the diagnostic sensitivity and specific degrees of the two groups were calculated.The treatment time node,blood loss,complication rate,postoperative survival rate,and the total length of hospital stay of the two groups were analyzed.Results Of the 60 cases in the integration group,32 cases were confirmed severe trauma with sepsis,and 27 cases were confirmed in 41 primary diagnosed patients,with a diagnostic sensitivity of 84.38% and a specific degree of 50.00%.In the traditional group,30 cases were confirmed severe trauma with sepsis,and 25 cases were confirmed in 38 primary diagnosed patients with a diagnostic sensitivity of 83.33% and a specific degree of 56.67%.The significant shorter MDT consultation time,primary diagnosis time of sepsis,the duration from injury to surgery time and total hospitalization time were statistically significant different between the two groups (P<0.05).Patients in the integration group had significantly lower incidence of postoperative complications and 28-day fatality rate,but there was no significant difference between them (P>0.05).Conclusions TCC and qSOFA score in the treatment of severe trauma can optimize salvage process,significantly shorten the treatment time,and reduce postoperative complications.Moreover,qSOFA score and SIRS score have the same effect on the early diagnosis of sepsis in patients with severe trauma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792171

ABSTRACT

Objective To conclude the experience of restoration of fat compartments volume intreatment of facial volume lost aging.Methods From May 2015 to May 2018,126 patients with facialvolume lost aging,aged from 34 to 52 years (mean age 42.6 years),were corrected by restoring fatcompartments volume using different sized autologous fat granule grafting technique.Patients' satis-faction was rated using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) ranging from 1 (most unsatisfactory) to 10(most satisfactory).Results 126 patients with volume lost aging face were followed up from 3months to 2.5 years,the sculpted appearance became more fullness,the laxity,wrinkles and textureof skin were improved obviously,the patients' VAS score was (8.2±1.4).Conclusions Restorationof fat compartments by using different sized autologous fat granule grafting can augment the facicalfullness,reshape the facial contour and improve the aging skin.Therefore it proves to be a safe,multi-effecive and satisfying technique in the treatment of facial volume lost aging.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 438-443, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810020

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study clinical and pathologic characteristics of leiomyomas of the gastrointestinal tract, and to investigate the distribution characteristics of interstitial cells of Cajal ( ICCs ) in gastrointestinal leiomyomas.@*Methods@#One hundred and forty-seven cases of leiomyomas of gastrointestinal tract were collected at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2012 to June 2017. Clinical and pathologic findings were analyzed, combined with immunohistochemistry, Alcian blue-osafranin staining and molecular study.@*Results@#The age of patients ranged from 13-82 years with mean age of 52 years. Male to female ratio was about 1∶2. Histologically, all tumors were composed of ovoid to spindle cells arranged in short intersecting fascicles. All tumors were diffusely and strongly positive for smooth muscle antibodies, desmin and h-caldesmon by immunohistochemical staining. A prominent interspersed subpopulation of elongated/dendritic-like cells with CD117 and DOG1 positivity (accounting for 1% to 30% of all tumor cells) and negative for Alcian blue-osafranin staining was identified in all esophageal leiomyomas, 16 of 20 (80%) gastric leiomyomas and 3 of 12 small bowel leiomyomas, but none in colonic/rectal leiomyomas. Mutational analysis in 16 cases showed absence of mutation in exons 9, 11, 13 or 17 of C-KIT and exons 12 or 18 of PDGFRA.@*Conclusions@#ICCs are identified in esophageal and gastric leiomyomas, as well as in small percentage of intestinal leiomyomas. Such findings may bring significant diagnostic pitfalls for misdiagnosis as gastrointestinal stromal tumor. Careful attention to the distribution of CD117 and DOG1 positive cells and molecular mutation analysis of C-KIT and PDGFRA may be necessary to establish the correct diagnosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 650-653, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807238

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the efficacy and safety of chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells in the treatment of central nervous system leukemia (CNSL).@*Methods@#Two leukemia patients with CNSL were treated with CD19-CAR-T cells. The process and results of the entire treatment is reported and related literature review is conducted.@*Results@#The patients were diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-M2 with B lymphoid antigen expression and B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia(B-ALL) by morphology and immunophenotype assay. The immunophenotype was consistent with the abnormal manifestations of AML-M2 and B-ALL. Their clinical manifestations and laboratory tests met the diagnostic criteria of CNSL. The diagnosis was clear and the two patients were treated with CD19-CAR-T cell immunotherapy. Central nervous system symptoms were relieved. The imaging abnormalities of patient one has disappeared but cytokines release syndrome (CRS) occurred during the treatment. Cerebrospinal fluid of patient two was negative and no obvious CRS reaction was found.@*Conclusions@#CAR-T cell immunotherapy is likely to induce the remission of CNSL and improve the prognosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806881

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize clinical experience on reconstruction of severe facial disfigurement with flap prefabrication and soft tissue expansion.@*Methods@#From September 2005 to June 2016, 49 patients with type Ⅲ and type Ⅳ facial deformities underwent facial reconstruction with an integrated method on the basis of prefabricated flaps. In the first stage, the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex vessels and the surrounding muscle fascia were dissected and transferred to subcutaneous pocket in the cervicothoracic area. The pedicles of the fascial flap were anastomosed to either the facial or superior thyroid artery and their venae comitantes in flap prefabrication. A tissue expander was placed beneath the fascial flap. In the second stage, over-expansion was achieved with intra-flap stem cell transplantation once patient′s skin showed signs of intolerance to expansion. In the third stage, prefabricated flap was transferred to cover the facial defects. the second or third internal mammary artery perforators or lateral thoracic artery perforators were reserved and flap supercharging would be performed depending on the perfusion of the flap revealed by indocyanine green angiography intra-operatively. Later, flap revisions further restored facial outline and delicate organ configuration. Aesthetic and functional status were independently graded to assess the facial appearance and function before and after the reconstruction.@*Results@#49 patients with severe facial deformities were included. 5 patients received stem cell transplantation. The final inflated volume ranged from 2 530 ml to 3500 ml and each patient had facial reconstruction with a prefabricated flap (range 23 cm×18 cm-34 cm×32 cm). Flap supercharging technique were used in 25 cases to augment blood perfusion, however, flap necrosis (5 cm× 2 cm) occurred in 1 patient, and tip necrosis occurred in 4 patients, otherwise, all flaps survived entirely. The aesthetic (1.15 to 2.29) and functional (0.86 to 2.42) status scores were statistically improved (P<0.01). Facial expressions such as smiling, blinking and frowning were noted.@*Conclusions@#Autologous full face reconstruction with an integrated method based on flap prefabrication can bring satisfying aesthetic and functional recovery, rendering a safe and effective option for most patients with massive facial defects.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806789

ABSTRACT

In the past two years, a line of basic and genetic findings have been produced in the field of type 2 diabetes. Some evidence has suggested that mature β cell under long-term metabolic stress could de-differentiate into pre-endocrine cells and re-differentiate into α and PP endocrine cells. Several key factors were reported with genetic modified animal models in the past two years. A novel adipokine, Asprosin was found to control insulin resistance and food intake in both humans and mice. Additionally, researchers reported that gut microbiota was associated with the development of type 2 diabetes, and a few bacteria or certain enterotype could be valuable in the prediction of prevention and clinical intervention for diabetes. The genetic composition for missing heritability of type 2 diabetes and obesity was revealed with the next-generation sequencing strategy. Importantly, scientists at home and abroad made a significant progress in the field during the past few years, which should be reviewed here. (Chin J Endocrinol Metab, 2018, 34: 605-609)

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 148-152, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806134

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the specific killing effect of CD4 membrane protein targeted chimeric antigen receptor modified T (CAR-T) cell.@*Methods@#The second generation CD4 targeted chimeric antigen receptor containing 4-1BB costimulation domain was insert into lentiviral vector through recombinant DNA technology. Lentivirus was prepared and packaged by 293T cells with four plasmids. Beads activated T cells were transduced with lentivirus and the transduction efficiency was checked with Protein L and flow cytometry. T cell subsets and IFN-γ concentrations were detected with probe-tagged antibody and cytometric bead assay.@*Results@#①The transduction efficiency of activated T cells with prepared lentivirus were 50.0%-70.0%. A subset of CD8+ T cell acquired dim expression of CD4 membrane protein after activation. CD4+T cell and CD8+CD4dim T cell were gradually killed by CD4 targeted CAR-T post lentivirus transduction. ②The kill efficacy of CD4 targeted CAR-T cell and control T cell toward KARPAS 299 T cell at an E∶T ratio of 8∶1 for 24 h was (96.9±2.1)% and (11.2±3.1)%, CAR-T cell has a higher killing efficacy than control T cell (t=7.137, P=0.028). The IFN-γ concentrations in culture supernatant of CAR-T cell with K562-CD4 cell, CAR-T cell with K562 cell and CAR-T cell alone were (15 648±2 168), (1 978±354) and (1 785±268) pg/ml, CAR-T cell cocultured with K562-CD4 cell produced more IFN-γ than the other two controls (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#CD4 targeted CAR-T has an immunophenotype of CD8+CD4-T cell. CD4 targeted CAR-T cell has killing efficacy toward normal CD4+T cell and CD4+T lymphoma cell. CD4 targeted CAR-T cell also has a killing efficacy toward CD4dim target cell.

19.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 139-143, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792708

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the advantages and disadvantages the combination of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in community health service centers through cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis.Methods Take community common diseases as an example, Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA), Cervical Spondylosis (CS) and Lumbar Disc Herniation (LDH) were used. A total of 200 cases were selected for each disease, and 100 cases in each one group.In the treatment group, the rehabilitation mode was used.In the control group, comprehensive treatment of traditional Chinese medicine was adopted. We analyzed the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility, with VAS as the effect indicator and QALYs as the utility indicator. Results The VAS values of the knee osteoarthritis, cervical spondylosis and lumbar disc herniation in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group after 14 days, 30 days and 6 months (P<0.05) . The QALYs values of them in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group after 14 days, 30 days and 6 months (P<0.05) . The treatment group has a higher increase cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) . Each get a unit effect can pay 222.56, 297.13 and 1178.59 Yuan less . The treatment group has a higher increase cost-utility ratio (ICUR) . Each get a unit effect can pay 741.86, 3178.60 and 2862.29 Yuan less . Conclusion Community application in rehabilitation mode of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine can improve the treatment effect, and can reduce the cost of treatment and the loss of QALYs.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858463

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the protective effects of ferulic acid on apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) induced by high-glucose and its mechanisms. METHODS: HUVECs cells were cultured, survival rate of HUVECs cells was determined by MTS colorimetric method. Cell intracellular ROS were detected with fluorescence probe DCFH-DA.Expressions of VPO1, Bax and Bcl-2 were detected by Real-time PCR and Western Blot. RESULTS: Compared with normal control group, the survival cell number in the high glucose-treated group were obviously decreased, the expressions of VPO1 and Bax were obviously up-regulation and the expressions of Bcl-2 were obviously down-regulation. Compared with high-glucose group, the level of intracellular ROS and the expression lever of VPO1 and Bax were obviously down-regulation, HUVECs proliferation rate and the expression of Bcl-2 significantly increased after incubated with ferulic acid. CONCLUSION: Ferulic acid can protect HUVECs against the apoptosis induced by high-glucose in vitro, and its mechanism could be related with the reduced VPO1 expression and the inhibition of the oxidative stress.

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