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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912988

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the surgical procedure selection, operation technique and safety of anatomic sublobar resection for pulmonary nodules. Methods     The clinical data of 242 patients with clinical stage ⅠA lung cancer who underwent anatomic sublobar resection in our hospital between 2017 and 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 81 males and 161 females with a median age of 57.0 (50.0, 65.0) years. They were divided into 4 groups according to the surgical methods, including a segmentectomy group (n=148), a combined segmentectomy group (n=31), an enlarged segmentectomy group (n=43) and an anatomic wedge resection group (n=20). The preoperative CT data, operation related indexes and early postoperative outcomes of each group were summarized. Results     The median medical history of the patients was 4.0 months. The median maximum diameter of nodule on CT image was 1.1 cm, and the consolidation/tumor ratio (CTR) was ≤0.25 in 81.0% of the patients. A total of 240 patients were primary lung adenocarcinoma. The median operation time was 130.0 min, the median blood loss was 50.0 mL, the median chest drainage time was 3.0 d, and the hospitalization cost was (53.0±12.0) thousand yuan. The operation time of combined segmentectomy was longer than that of the segmentectomy group (P=0.001). The operation time (P=0.000), intraoperative blood loss (P=0.000), lymph nodes dissected (P=0.007) and cost of hospitalization (P=0.000) in the anatomic wedge resection group were shorter or less than those in the other three groups. There was no significant difference in the drainage time, total drainage volume, air leakage or postoperative hospital stay among the four groups (P>0.05). Conclusion     The combined application of segmentectomy and wedge resection technique provides a more flexible surgical option for the surgical treatment of early lung cancer with ground glass opacity as the main component.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of chest pain center construction in basic-level hospitals on treatment time and short-term prognosis in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.Methods:A total of 162 patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in The First People's Hospital of Jiande between November 2014 and November 2018 were included in this study. Among them, 66 patients who received treatment in The First People's Hospital of Jiande between November 2014 and October 2016 were included in the control group. The remaining 96 patients who received treatment between November 2016 and November 2018 were included in the study group. The underlying diseases, PCI success rate, first medical contact-to-balloon time, door-to-balloon time, in-hospital mortality, incidence of heart failure on the next day of PCI, length of hospital stay, hospital medical cost were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were no significant differences in underlying disease composition ratio and PCI success rate between the two groups (both P > 0.05). There were significant differences in first medical contact-to-balloon time [(185.2 ± 53.7) minutes vs. (108.6 ± 46.4) minutes, t = 6.128], door-to-balloon time [(121.5 ± 23.2) minutes vs. (68.7 ± 14.3) minutes, t = 7.341], length of hospital stay [(10.3 ± 3.5) days vs. (7.2 ± 2.8) days, t = 5.128], hospital medical cost [(43 582.0 ± 7 186.5) yuan vs. (35 479.0 ± 4 213.1) yuan, t = 8.361], in-hospital mortality [6.1% vs. 3.1%, χ2 = 4.784], the incidence of heart failure on the next day of PCI [13.6% vs. 4.2%, χ2 = 8.253] between the control and study groups (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Establishment of a standardized chest pain center construction in basic-level hospital can greatly shorten the first medical contact-to-balloon time, door-to-balloon time and length of hospital stay, improve the cardiac function and prognosis of patients with myocardial infarction, and reduce medical cost.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907249

ABSTRACT

Neonatal critical illness score is a scoring system that assesses the severity of neonatal disease and predicts the risk of death.However, it also has an important reference value for the evaluation of neurological prognosis.Since various neonatal critical scores have different assessment contents, the evaluation performance of neurological prognosis is also different.Score for neonatal acute physiology, score for neonatal acute physiology, version-Ⅱ, score for neonatal acute physiology, perinatal extension, version-Ⅱ, nursery neurobiological risk score, et al, have good predictive value for long-term neurological prognosis.The predictive value of clinical risk index for babies, clinical risk index for babies and version-Ⅱ remains unproven.This article reviews the correlation between neonatal critical illness score and the neurological prognosis of very low birth weight infants(VLBWI), in order to provide references for the early identification and prognositic judgement of VLBWI nerve damage.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of total glucosides of paeony (TGPs) on intestinal motility, barrier function, and gut microbiota in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice with Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Method:Thirty NOD mice were randomly assigned into the model group (deionized water), prebiotic fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) group (700 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), and the low- (160 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (320 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (640 mg∙kg<sup>-1</sup>) TGP groups, with six mice in each group. Moreover, the BALB/c mice were employed as the normal control and administered with deionized water. The food and water intakes, number of discharged fecal particles, and fecal moisture content were observed to evaluate the effect of TGPs on intestinal motility in SS mice. The levels of <italic>D</italic>-lactate (<italic>D</italic>-Lac) content, diamine oxidase (DAO), and junction-associated protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in mouse serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The fecal samples collected at different time points were determined by spread plate method and gas chromatography for uncovering the intestinal microbial communities and the content of short-chain fatty acids. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited decreased food and water intakes (<italic>P</italic><0.01), weakened intestinal propulsion (<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated <italic>D</italic>-Lac and DAO (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), lowered ZO-1 and SCFAs (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and reduced number of intestinal bacteria (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the model group revealed that TGPs significantly increased the number of discharged fecal particles and fecal moisture content (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), enhanced intestinal propulsion (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased serum <italic>D</italic>-Lac and DAO levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated ZO-1 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Apart from increasing the proportions of <italic>Bifidobacterium</italic> and <italic>Lactobacillus</italic> and decreasing the proportion of<italic> Enterobacter </italic>in intestinal flora (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), TGPs also accelerated the production of acetic acid and butyric acid (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:TGPs attenuate SS-mediated constipation and restore the impaired intestinal barrier function in mice by increasing fecal moisture content, boosting intestinal motility, regulating intestinal microbial communities, elevating acetic acid and butyric acid levels, and up-regulating tight junction protein expression.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906197

ABSTRACT

Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a serious orthopedic disease caused by many factors. It is difficult to cure clinically and has a poor prognosis, which poses a serious threat to human health. The pathogenesis of this disease is still unclear. The ONFH caused by different causes involves the disorder of a variety of metabolic pathways in vivo. Abnormal proliferation and differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), imbalance of bone metabolism, and increased destruction of bone trabeculae caused by abnormal transduction of bone metabolism-related signaling pathways may be the important causes of ONFH. BMSCs are pluripotent stem cells with self-renewal and multidirectional differentiation ability, which have good regeneration rate. Improving the osteogenic and differentiation ability of BMSCs is the key to inhibit bone absorption and promote bone matrix reconstruction, which plays an important role in bone remodeling. In recent years, there are many studies on the prevention and treatment of ONFH in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), and it has been found that a variety of single herbs, monomers and compounds can regulate the differentiation direction and process of BMSCs by targeting signal molecules, with great potential for bone defect repair and anti-femoral head necrosis activity. Nowadays, prevention and treatment of ONFH by regulating bone metabolism signaling pathways has become a hot research topic. In this paper, the mechanism and related signal transduction pathways of TCM in preventing and treating ONFH were reviewed to explore some mechanisms of alleviating the rate of bone loss, promoting bone formation, and repairing bone defects, so as to provide reference for further research on the prevention and treatment of ONFH by TCM. The related clinical application studies also provided specific targets for gene-assisted therapy of ONFH.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900404

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent functional gastrointestinal disease characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and bowel dysfunction. However, the majority of previous neuroimaging studies focus on brain structure and connections but seldom on the inter-hemispheric connectivity or structural asymmetry. This study uses multi-modal imaging to investigate the abnormal changes across the 2 cerebral hemispheres in patients with IBS. @*Methods@#Structural MRI, resting-state functional MRI, and diffusion tensor imaging were acquired from 34 patients with IBS and 33 healthy controls. The voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity, fractional anisotropy, fiber length, fiber number, and asymmetry index were calculated and assessed for group differences. In addition, we assessed their relevance for the severity of IBS. @*Results@#Compared with healthy controls, the inter-hemispheric functional connectivity of patients with IBS showed higher levels in bilateral superior occipital gyrus, middle occipital gyrus, precuneus, posterior cingulate gyrus, and angular gyrus, but lower in supplementary motor area. The statistical results showed no significant difference in inter-hemispheric anatomical connections and structural asymmetry, however negative correlations between inter-hemispheric connectivity and the severity of IBS were found in some regions with significant difference. @*Conclusions@#The functional connections between cerebral hemispheres were more susceptible to IBS than anatomical connections, and brain structure is relatively stable. Besides, the brain areas affected by IBS were concentrated in default mode network and sensorimotor network.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892700

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent functional gastrointestinal disease characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and bowel dysfunction. However, the majority of previous neuroimaging studies focus on brain structure and connections but seldom on the inter-hemispheric connectivity or structural asymmetry. This study uses multi-modal imaging to investigate the abnormal changes across the 2 cerebral hemispheres in patients with IBS. @*Methods@#Structural MRI, resting-state functional MRI, and diffusion tensor imaging were acquired from 34 patients with IBS and 33 healthy controls. The voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity, fractional anisotropy, fiber length, fiber number, and asymmetry index were calculated and assessed for group differences. In addition, we assessed their relevance for the severity of IBS. @*Results@#Compared with healthy controls, the inter-hemispheric functional connectivity of patients with IBS showed higher levels in bilateral superior occipital gyrus, middle occipital gyrus, precuneus, posterior cingulate gyrus, and angular gyrus, but lower in supplementary motor area. The statistical results showed no significant difference in inter-hemispheric anatomical connections and structural asymmetry, however negative correlations between inter-hemispheric connectivity and the severity of IBS were found in some regions with significant difference. @*Conclusions@#The functional connections between cerebral hemispheres were more susceptible to IBS than anatomical connections, and brain structure is relatively stable. Besides, the brain areas affected by IBS were concentrated in default mode network and sensorimotor network.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921724

ABSTRACT

To learn the current situation and strengthen the management of national standards for Chinese medicinal materials, we sorted out the relevant national standards. According to incomplete statistics, there are 1 185 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials, including 1 024 kinds of plant medicines, 106 kinds of animal medicines, and 54 kinds of mineral medicines, in addition to ethnic medicinal materials with different functions. The relevant standards include 819 Pharmacopoeia standards, 342 standards issued by the Ministry of Health or National Medicinal Products Administration, 7 standards for new medicinal materials, and 17 standards for imported medicinal materials. In this paper, the sources of standards as well as the distribution of families and genera and the distribution of medicinal parts of medicinal materials are analyzed. The suggestions are as follows:(1)to improve the coordination among different national standards of Chinese medicinal materials;(2)to improve the standardization and controllability of relevant standards;(3)to revise the issued standards for Chinese medicinal materials(including Tibetan, Uygur, and Mongolian medicinal materials).


Subject(s)
Animals , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Reference Standards
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of anatomic combined pulmonary segmental resection in patients with bronchiectasis.Methods:This study reviewed the data of patients who underwent thoracoscopic combined pulmonary segmentectomy for bronchiectasis in our hospital from January 2015 to June 2019.The surgical indications were a patient diagnosed with bronchiectasis by high-resolution CT(HRCT), radiographic presence of surgical target, clinical symptoms such as repeated infection, hemoptysis or persistent sputum, and poor relief of symptoms under medical treatment.A total of 113 patients with complete data were divided into two groups according to surgical methods: anatomical combined pulmonary segemectomy(anatomical group, 62 cases) and non-anatomical combined pulmonary segemectomy(non-anatomical group, 51 cases). Detection of two groups of patients with general information as well as the operation time, intraoperative blood loss and extubation time, postoperative complications(BPF, continuous leakage, hemoptysis and pulmonary infection, etc.), such as index to evaluate the safety, postoperative 1 year follow-up review, record the change of the two groups of postoperative lung function 1 year, pulmonary infection and the times of reentry haemoptysis symptom control, evaluation of operation effect.Results:The results showed that there were no statistical differences between the two groups in age, gender, lesion range, resection range and postoperative lung function(including FEV1% change in the predicted value and DLCO% change in the predicted value). However, the operative time in the two groups was(116.9±29.7)min in the dissection group, the non-anatomical group(107.3±28.6)min, comparison was made between the two groups( P=0.003). The number of days after thoracic drainage extraction in the anatomical group(5.6±3.8)days, non-anatomical group(6.9±5.0)days, there was a statistical difference between the two groups( P=0.03). In terms of postoperative complications, the number of patients admitted to hospital more than 2 times for postoperative hemoptysis, bronchopleural fistula and pulmonary infection within 1 year in the non-anatomical group was higher than that in the anatomical group, but there was no statistical difference. Conclusion:For patients with bronchiectasis requiring surgical treatment, thoracoscopic dissection combined with pulmonary segmental resection is safe and conducive to recovery, and has less complications, which is worthy of promotion.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the clinical significance of CDK5 in colon cancer tissues.Methods:Two hundred colon cancer tissues were tested for CDK5 expression by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. The correlation between CDK5 expression and clinicopathological features, prognosis and peripheral inflammation-related cells was analyzed.Results:CDK5 was low expressed in 100 cases (50.0%), and high in another 100 cases (50.0%). Longer time to tumor progression ( P=0.026) and overall survival ( P=0.035) were observed in patients with high CDK5 expression. By multivariate analysis , the expression of CDK5 was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis ( HR=0.45,95% CI: 0.21-0.99, P=0.049). The expression of CDK5 was not related to the counts of white blood cells and neutrophils ( P>0.05). Prognosis of patients with a positive lymph node ratio less than 0.15 was significantly better than that of patients with a higher lymph node ratio ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Patients with low CDK5 expression have poor prognosis, and CDK5 expression is not related to the counts of peripheral white blood cells and neutrophils.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between collateral flow compensation mode and interventional treatment decision in patients with severe bilateral internal carotid artery stenosis/occlusion.Methods:According to the location of internal carotid artery lesions, patients with severe stenosis/occlusion of bilateral internal carotid artery were selected at the Second Affiliated Hospital, Qiqihar Medical University and the Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from May 2017 to June 2020.Results:A total of 42 patients were finally enrolled and divided into 4 types, including 34 males and 8 females with median age 61±8(48-82)years. The collateral circulation pathways manifested as following modes: anterior communicating artery collateral, posterior communicating artery collateral, ophthalmic artery collateral, posterior cerebral middle cerebral artery pial anastomosis collateral, posterior choroidal artery anterior choroidal artery collateral, external carotid internal carotid artery C4 segment collateral, pericallosal artery anastomosis collateral, dural and pial collateral and neovascularization. Type Ⅰ severe stenosis/occlusion of C1 segment was found in 20 cases (47.6%). There were 5 cases (11.9%) of type Ⅱ severe stenosis/occlusion from C2 to C6 prior to ophthalmic artery branch. Type Ⅲ severe stenosis/occlusion occurred in 2 cases (4.8%) after the split of ophthalmic artery. Type Ⅳ was mixed type in 15 cases (35.7%).Conclusions:The compensatory pathway of collateral circulation is closely related to the lesion location. To explore the compensatory pattern of collateral circulation is helpful for clinicians to accurately analyze the lesion characteristics and guide individualized interventional therapy.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1325-1329, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888560

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical application of screening cell combination method in the prediction of red blood cell alloantibody, so as to provide basis for clinical diagnosis.@*METHODS@#From October 2018 to April 2020, 9 680 samples were screened with automatic blood group instrument, 79 patients with positive alloantibodies were identified by 4 sets of screening cells from different manufacturers (referred to as combined method). At the same time, cell panel Panocell-16 was used for comparative analysis. Meanwhile, the combined method was also used to identify the antibodies of 20 samples from National Center for Clinical Laboratories external quality assessment (EQA) in China and 12 samples from WHO EQA.@*RESULTS@#The 79 alloantibodies included anti-Mia antibody (7 cases), anti-M antibody (13 cases), anti-Le@*CONCLUSION@#The combined method can identify the alloantibodies of red blood cells in Chinese population. The screening cells can be used for screening of irregular antibodies without wasting reagents at the same time.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blood Group Antigens , China , Erythrocytes , Humans , Isoantibodies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879855

ABSTRACT

Under the guidance and support of national policies in recent years, the community medical system has been developed rapidly, among which primary child healthcare is carried out routinely in community hospitals, greatly alleviating the pressure of specialized pediatric hospitals and departments of pediatrics in secondary and tertiary general hospitals. However, due to the lack of professional training for primary child healthcare personnel in community medical institutions, early symptoms of children with cerebral palsy cannot be identified and so children with cerebral palsy are often unable to receive early diagnosis and intervention, which may affect their prognosis. An article about international expert consensus and recommendations on early identification and referral of cerebral palsy in community medical institutions was published in


Subject(s)
Cerebral Palsy/diagnosis , Child , China , Early Intervention, Educational , Family , Humans , Referral and Consultation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the cause for the failure of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) and feasibility of repeated testing.@*METHODS@#Clinical data, test results and pregnancy outcomes of 40 311 pregnant women who received NIPT test from January 2011 to December 2018 were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Among all the pregnant women, 1116 cases failed in the first test, 9 cases (0.81%) had fetal free DNA concentration lower than 4%, 663 cases (59.41%) were retested after the establishment of Z value gray area, and the remainder 444 cases (39.78%) needed to be retested after the blood collection due to the fetal free DNA concentration lower than 4%. After retesting, 1069 cases (95.78%) obtained effective NIPT results. The results showed that 53 cases were at high risk (6 cases for trisomy 21, 6 cases for trisomy 18, 13 cases for trisomy 13, 16 cases for sex chromosomal abnormality, 12 cases for chromosomal copy number variation). Forty-eight cases were selected for invasive prenatal diagnosis, and 2 cases of 47, XXY and 2 CNV were confirmed. A total of 47 cases (0.12%) did not obtain results because the concentration of fetal free DNA was lower than 4%. Only 16 cases (34%) chose invasive prenatal diagnosis.@*CONCLUSION@#Repeated detection of the gray area of Z value can reduce the false positive rate of NIPT and invasive prenatal diagnosis, and the feasibility of repeated detection is high. In the case of fetal free DNA concentration lower than 4%, the success rate of obtaining effective NIPT results by re-sampling and re-detection increases with the increase of gestational age, but may delay the diagnosis for fetal aneuploidies. Therefore, personalized estimation should be made according to gestational age and clinical indications. It is suggested that pregnant women should choose invasive prenatal diagnosis when they have failed in the retest.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822568

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the predictive value of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on pulmonary nodules in people aged less than 50 years. Methods    The 147 patients with pulmonary nodules and aged less than 50 years who were treated in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Sichuan Cancer Hospital from August 1, 2019 to January 15, 2020 were divided into a lung cancer group and a lung benign disease group. The lung cancer group included 36 males and 68 females, with the age of 27-49 (43.54±5.73) years. The benign lung disease group included 23 males and 20 females, with the age of 22-49 (42.49±6.83) years. Clinical data and exhaled breath samples were collected prospectively from the two groups. Exhaled breath VOCs were analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to select variables and establish a prediction model. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the prediction model were calculated. Results    There were statistically significant differences in sex (P=0.034), smoking history (P=0.047), cyclopentane (P=0.002), 3-methyl pentane (P=0.043) and ethylbenzene (P=0.009) between the two groups. The sensitivity, specificity and area under the ROC curve of the prediction model with gender, cyclopentane, 3-methyl pentane, ethylbenzene and N,N-dimethylformamide as variables were 80.8%, 60.5% and 0.781, respectively. Conclusion    The combination of VOCs and clinical characteristics has a certain predictive value for the benign and malignant pulmonary nodules in people aged less than 50 years.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the characteristics of venous thromboembolism(VTE) after lung surgery and the use of prophylactic anticoagulants. Inclusion criteria: (1) patients with primary pulmonary disease; (2) received pulmonary surgery; (3) Doppler ultrasound examination of lower extremity veins before and after operation.Methods:Patients who underwent lung surgery in our department from July 2016 to December 2017 were studied retrospectively.Results:A total of 659 patients who underwent lung surgery were analyzed, of which 58 patients had new diagnosis of VTE, after surgery with an incidence of 8.8%, and 151 patients were treated with prophylactic anticoagulants, with a total prophylactic use rate of 22.9%. According to the modified Caprini risk assessment scale, the patients were divided into three groups: low risk group(≤4 points), medium risk group(5-8 points) and high risk group(≥9 points). The proportion of prophylactic anticoagulation in each group was 4.0%(12/300), 36.3%(119/328) and 64.5%(20/31), respectively. The duration of prophylactic anticoagulation was also quite different, including 99 patients with anticoagulation for 1-3 days, 46 for 4-6 days, and 6 for 7-9 days. There was no significant difference in the incidence of VTE between patients who received prophylactic anticoagulation and patients who did not receive prophylactic anticoagulation( P>0.05). Conclusion:The incidence of VTE after pulmonary surgery is high, but the proportion of patients receiving prophylactic anticoagulation is low, and the anticoagulation course is too short, which leads to the poor preventive effect. It is suggested that the use of anticoagulants should be reasonably standardized in the future in order to improve the state of blood coagulation and prevent thrombosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871661

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics and clinical significance of lymph node metastasis of peripheral non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) with diameter ≤ 2 cm; to explore the possibility of regional mediastinal lymphadenectomy.Methods:Collect all patients’ data with peripheral NSCLC ≤2 cm from January 2017 to August 2018 in our hospital, there was no previous history of other malignant tumors. All patients underwent lobectomy, segmentectomy, or wedge resection, and mediastinal lymphadenectomy , and comprehensive analysis was performed based on pathological findings and clinical features.Results:Among the peripheral NSCLC with a diameter of ≤ 2 cm, metastatic degree and rate of mediastinal lymph nodes were low(0.67% and 1.87%, respectively). The lymph nodes metastatic rate of pGGO, mGGO and solid nodule were 0, 1.18% and 4.92%, respectively. The 11th group of lymph node metastasis was positively correlated with the solid components of lymph nodules( P=0.024). While lymph node metastasis had no significant correlation between gender, age, smoking history, size, location, and tumor type. The metastasis of the 11th group of lymph nodes was positively correlated with the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 6th lymph nodes( P=0.014, Kappa value 8.406). Conclusion:For the operation of pGGO patients, mediastinal lymphadenectomy was not necessary, or maybe N1 lymph nodes sampling was enough. For the operation of mGGO or solid nodules, the surgeon can determine the lymphadenectomy scope according to the 11th-group lymph nodes frozen pathology result. If positive, the extent of lymph node dissection should be appropriately expanded; If negative, the lymph node dissection can be skipped, so as to reduce the complications.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of Escherichia coli ( E. coli) producing a novel Shiga toxin 2k subtype in goat in Lanling county, Shandong province. Methods:In November 2019, 512 goat fecal samples were collected from different households in Lanling county, Shandong province. After enriched with EC broth, stx-positive samples were detected by PCR and inoculated in CHROMagar? ECC agar and CHROMagar? STEC agar. The whole genomes of stx-positive strains were sequenced. Based on the genomic senquences, the stx subtype, serotype, multi-locus sequence type and virulence genes of each strain were analyzed. Results:Eighty-six strains of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) were isolated from 512 goat fecal samples. Five stx subtypes were identified and 37 strains were positive for stx2k. The 86 STEC strains belonged to 20 O∶H serotypes and 18 different sequence types (STs). Conclusions:STEC strains circulating in goats in Lanling county, Shandong province were heterogeneous in stx subtypes, serotypes and virulence gene profiles, and a certain proportion of strains producing a novel Shiga toxin 2k subtype were detected.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868706

ABSTRACT

Objective:By comparing the comprehensive differences between volume-modulated arc therapy (VMAT)-and CyberKnife-6D Skull (CK-6D Skull) tracking technology-based stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) plans in the treatment of multiple brain metastatic tumors, and explore the advantages of multi-target intracranial technology.Methods:Clinical data of 42 patients with more than 2 brain metastases who received STR between January 2017 and August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. For each patient, two radiotherapy plans were designed by selecting CK-6D Skull and VMAT technologies. The quality of VMAT and CK-6D Skull was compared by calculating the gradient index (GI), dose sag volume and organ at risk (OAR) of target area. The total number of monitor unit and single treatment time were recorded to compare the execution efficiency of these two technologies.Results:The GI of intracranial 2-target and 3-target plans of CK-6D Skull technology was significantly superior to that of VMAT technology ( P<0.05). The GI did not significantly differ between the 4-target and the 5-target groups ( P>0.05). The contribution of these two technologies to the maximum dose of OAR was not significantly different ( P>0.05), whereas the treatment time of VMAT technology was shorter ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Both technologies can meet the requirements of clinical SRT for multiple brain metastatic tumors. From the perspective of treatment plan and implementation, SRT based on CK-6D skull technology is recommended for patients with less than 4 intracranial metastatic tumors, and VMAT-based SRT is considered for those with > 4 metastatic tumors. Patients with poor physical condition and difficulty in maintaining a fixed position for a long time shall give priority to VMAT technology. More differences between these two technologies in the implementation of SRT for intracranial multiple brain metastases remain to be elucidated by more case data for statistical analysis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879509

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the blood group for a pair of twins with inconclusive ABO blood typing result.@*METHODS@#Serological test for blood group was carried out by using ABO and Rh Blood Grouping Cards (Microcolumn Gel Immunoassay). Sequence specific primer-PCR (PCR-SSP), direct sequencing and TA clone sequencing were used to analyze the ABO gene. Genetic status was analyzed by using 16 short tandem repeat (STR) markers.@*RESULTS@#Red blood cells of the twins displayed 2+ mixed agglutination phenomenon with anti-A, anti-A1 and anti-E. PCR-SSP and DNA sequencing of exons 6 to 7 revealed that they have an ABO*O.01.01/ABO*O.01.02 genotype. DNA sequencing of microsatellite enhancer region revealed presence of A gene. STR analysis revealed more than two haplotypes for 9 loci between the twins. After clustered by anti-A, the red blood cells were divided into two groups: A, CcDEe and O, CcDee, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Serological and molecular techniques have characterized the twins as blood group chimeras.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Chimera/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Twins/genetics
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