Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 236
Filter
1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 545-551, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013581

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of 2-dode-cyl-6-methoxycyclohexa-2 , 5-diene-l, 4-dione ( DM-DD) on resisting hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride ( CC14 ) in rats and the underlying mechanisms , with a specific focus on the TGF-pi/Smads signaling pathway. Methods The hepatic fibrosis model was replicated using 50% CC14. Various parameters, including levels of aspartate transferase ( AST) , ala-nine transferase ( ALT ) , albumin/globulin ( A/G ) , total protein (TP) , total bilirubin (T-BIL) , hyaluron-ic acid ( HA ) , laminin ( LN ) , collagen type Ж ( Col Ж) , and collagen type IV(ColIV) in the blood, were measured. Liver tissue lesions and fiber formation were observed using HE and Masson staining. The expression levels of a smooth muscle actin (a-SMA) , collagen type I ( Col I ) , transformed growth factor (TGF-pi), Smad2, and Smad7 proteins were assessed using immunohistochemistry. a-SMA, Coll, TGF-pi, and Smad7 mRNA levels in liver tissue were measured by RT-PCR. Additionally, the expression levels of TGF-pi, Smad4, and Smad7 proteins in liver tissue were determined by Western blot. Results In comparison to the normal control group, the model group exhibited significantly elevated levels of AST, ALT, TP, T-BIL, HA, LN, Col Ш and Col IV in serum. But A/G level notably decreased. Successful modeling was confirmed by the presence of extensive fiber formations observed through HE and Massonstaining in liver tissue. The DMDD administration group demonstrated a notable decrease levels of AST, ALT, TP, T-BIL, HA, LN, Col III, and CollV, but A/G was significantly elevated when compared to the model group. Furthermore, a-SMA, Coll, TGF-f31, Smad2 and Smad4 mRNA and protein levels in the DMDD administration group were significantly reduced, while Smad7 significantly declined. HE and Masson staining results reflected a marked reduction in fibrous hyper-plasia. Conclusion DMDD exhibits a protective effect against CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis, and its mechanism appears to be associated with the TGF-fJl/ Smads signaling pathway.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1980-1987, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013961

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effeot of Shenqi Fuzheng injection on the prevention of immune myocarditis induced by anti-PD-1 antibody by reducing the production of inflammatory factors and the expression of myocardial injury markers. Methods Thirty-two maie PD-1 humanized mice with C57BL/6 genetic background were randomly divided into control group, myocarditis model group, anti-PD-1 antibody group and Shenqi Fuzheng injection group (n = 8). Except the control group, mice in other groups were intraperitoneally injected with myocardial myosin heavy chain peptide (5 mg • kg

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 875-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013945

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of ethanolic extracts of euonymus alatus on CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice by regulating JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Methods Sixty C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control group,model group,EAL,EAM),EAH,and Silybin(n=10). Except for the control group,mice in other groups were injected with 25% CCl4 of 1.6 mL·kg

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 305-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013857

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether catechin can play against CCl

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1270-1275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013761

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the inhibition effect of 2-dodecyl-6-methoxycyclohexa-2, 5-diene-l, 4-dione ( DMDD) on renal tubular epithelial cell HK-2 endo¬plasmic reticulum stress and inflammatory responses induced by high glucose. Methods HK-2 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into normal group, high glucose group, endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibitor 4-PBA group (5 mmoL • L ) , DMDD high, medium and low dose groups (8,4,2 μmol • L

6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 170-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969821

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody in operable, borderline or potentially resectable locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC) in the real world. Methods: The study retrospectively analyzed 28 patients with operable or potentially resectable locally advanced ESCC patients treated with preoperative chemotherapy combined with PD-1 inhibitor in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from April 2020 to March 2021. According to the clinical TNM staging system of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer, there were 1, 15, 10, 1 and 1 case of stage Ⅱ, Ⅲ, ⅣA, ⅣB and unknown stage respectively. The treatment was two cycle of dual drug chemotherapy regimen including taxane plus platinum or fluorouracil combined with PD-1 antibody followed by tumor response assessment and surgery if the patient was eligible for resection. Results: Of the 28 patients, 1, 2, 3 and 4 cycles of chemotherapy combined with PD-1 antibody treatment completed in 1, 21, 5, and 1 patient, respectively. Objective response rate (ORR) was 71.4% (20/28), and disease control rate (DCR) was 100% (28/28). The incidence of adverse events exceeding grade 3 levels was 21.4% (6/28), including 3 neutropenia, 1 leukopenia, 1 thrombocytopenia and 1 immune hepatitis. There was no treatment-related death. Of the 23 patients underwent surgery, R0 resection rate was 87.0% (20/23), 13 patients had down staged to the T1-2N0M0 I stage, the pCR rate was 17.3% (4/23), and the pCR rate of primary tumor was 21.7% (5/23). Four patients received definitive chemoradiotherapy. One patient rejected surgery and other treatment after achieved PR response. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined PD-1 inhibitor is safe and has high efficacy in operable, borderline or potentially resectable locally advanced ESCC, and it is a promising regimen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Cisplatin , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/drug therapy , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 271-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965842

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveCentral nervous system (CNS) infiltration commonly occurs in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Early subclinical CNS infiltration in pediatric ALL is hard to detect with conventional methods. This study aimed to investigate the changes of brain structure volume parameters based on Synthetic MRI (SyMRI) in pediatric ALL without clinically diagnosed CNS infiltration. MethodsThirty-six ALL and twenty-nine typically developing (TD) children were prospectively collected and all underwent SyMRI. The Synthetic MR software was used to obtain brain volumetric parameters including total white matter volume (WMV), gray matter volume (GMV), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume, etc. and their within-group differences were assessed by analysis of covariance. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation between biological characteristics and statistically significant brain volume parameters. ResultsALL children showed increased CSF volume (PFDR-corrected = 0.009) and decreased GMV (PFDR-corrected = 0.027) when compared to TD children. We also found a moderately negative association between GMV/intracranial volume and risk classification in pediatric ALL (rs = -0.380, P = 0.022). ConclusionsPediatric ALL without clinically diagnosed CNS infiltration presented with accumulation of CSF and reduction of gray matter. The brain volumetric changes in subclinical CNS infiltration of pediatric ALL provides a new attempt for exploring the underlying mechanism and early detection of CNS infiltration in pediatric ALL.

8.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 44-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961828

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the impacts of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and acetylated histone (AcH3) in the rat model of spared nerve injury (SNI), so as to explore the analgesic and antidepressant effects of EA. MethodsTwenty-four Male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, with 6 in each group. SNI was used to establish the model of pain and depression. All the groups were intervened one week after SNI surgery and persisted 5 weeks. The EA group was treated with EA (2 Hz) for 30 min every other day and imipramine drug group (IMP) group with peritoneal imipramine injection (10 mg/kg) per day. The sham surgery group (SS) and model group (SNI) received the same grasping stimulation. The paw mechanical withdrawal threshold (PWT) test was performed before the SNI surgery, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 weeks after surgery, respectively. The forced swimming test (FST) and the sucrose preference test (SPT) were performed 6 weeks after SNI surgery. The Western blot method was employed to detect the expression of BDNF and AcH3 from the rat hippocampal tissue at the end of the behavioral tests. ResultsCompared with the SS group, the SNI group had significantly decreased PWT and sucrose consumption, prolonged FST immobility time (all P<0.01), down-regulated BDNF and AcH3 expression (P<0.05 & P<0.01) in the hippocampus, which indicated the successful construction of the pain-depression model. Compared with the SNI group, 6 weeks after SNI surgery, the EA and IMP groups had significantly increased PWT and sucrose consumption, and reduced FST immobility time (all P<0.01); the EA group had up-regulated BDNF and AcH3 expression (both P<0.05) in the hippocampus, the IMP group had up-regulated AcH3 (P<0.05) expression but no difference in BDNF expression. ConclusionEA could relieve pain and depressive behavioral symptoms in SNI rats. And its analgesic and antidepressant mechanisms may relate to the up-regulation of hippocampal AcH3 and BDNF expression.

9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 129-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the reliability and accuracy of deep learning technology in automatic sex estimation using the 3D reconstructed images of the computed tomography (CT) from the Chinese Han population.@*METHODS@#The pelvic CT images of 700 individuals (350 males and 350 females) of the Chinese Han population aged 20 to 85 years were collected and reconstructed into 3D virtual skeletal models. The feature region images of the medial aspect of the ischiopubic ramus (MIPR) were intercepted. The Inception v4 was adopted as the image recognition model, and two methods of initial learning and transfer learning were used for training. Eighty percent of the individuals' images were randomly selected as the training and validation dataset, and the remaining were used as the test dataset. The left and right sides of the MIPR images were trained separately and combinedly. Subsequently, the models' performance was evaluated by overall accuracy, female accuracy, male accuracy, etc.@*RESULTS@#When both sides of the MIPR images were trained separately with initial learning, the overall accuracy of the right model was 95.7%, the female accuracy and male accuracy were both 95.7%; the overall accuracy of the left model was 92.1%, the female accuracy was 88.6% and the male accuracy was 95.7%. When the left and right MIPR images were combined to train with initial learning, the overall accuracy of the model was 94.6%, the female accuracy was 92.1% and the male accuracy was 97.1%. When the left and right MIPR images were combined to train with transfer learning, the model achieved an overall accuracy of 95.7%, and the female and male accuracies were both 95.7%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use of deep learning model of Inception v4 and transfer learning algorithm to construct a sex estimation model for pelvic MIPR images of Chinese Han population has high accuracy and well generalizability in human remains, which can effectively estimate the sex in adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Deep Learning , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Pelvis , Reproducibility of Results , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 420-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and muscle injury imaging between oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in the treatment of single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 60 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis who underwent surgical treatment from January 2018 to October 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into OLIF groups and TLIF group according to different surgical methods. The 30 patients in the OLIF group were treated with OLIF plus posterior intermuscular screw rod internal fixation. There were 13 males and 17 females, aged from 52 to 74 years old with an average of (62.6±8.3) years old. And 30 patients in the TLIF group were treated with TLIF via the left approach. There were 14 males and 16 females, aged from 50 to 81 years old with an average of (61.7±10.4) years old. General data including operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, and complications were recorded for both groups. Radiologic data including disc height (DH), the left psoas major muscle, multifidus muscle, longissimus muscle area, T2-weighted image hyperintensity changes and interbody fusion or nonfusion were observed. Laboratory parameters including creatine kinase (CK) values on postoperative 1st and 5th days were analyzed. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Oswestry disability index(ODI) were used to assess clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the operative time between two groups(P>0.05). The OLIF group had significantly less intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage volume compared to the TLIF group(P<0.01). The OLIF group also had DH better recovery compared to the TLIF group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in left psoas major muscle area and the hyperintensity degree before and after the operation in the OLIF group (P>0.05). Postoperativly, the area of the left multifidus muscle and longissimus muscle, as well as the mean of the left multifidus muscle and longissimus muscle in the OLIF group, were lower than those in the TLIF group (P<0.05) .On the 1st day and the 5th day after operation, CK level in the OLIF group was lower than that in the TLIF group(P<0.05). On the 3rd day after operation, the VAS of low back pain and leg pain in the OLIF group were lower than those in the TLIF group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the ODI of postoperative 12 months, low back and leg pain VAS at 3, 6, 12 months between the two groups(P>0.05). In the OLIF group, 1 case of left lower extremity skin temperature increased after the operation, and the sympathetic chain was considered to be injured during the operation, and 2 cases of left thigh anterior numbness occurred, which was considered to be related to psoas major muscle stretch, resulting in a complication rate of 10% (3/30). In the TLIF group, one patient had limited ankle dorsiflexion, which was related to nerve root traction, two patients had cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and the dural sac was torn during the operation, and one patient had incision fat liquefaction, which was related to paraspinal muscle dissection injury, resulting in a complication rate of 13% (4/30). All patients achieved interbody fusion without cage collapse during the 6- month follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Both OLIF and TLIF are effective in the treatment of single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. However, OLIF surgery has obviously advantages, including less intraoperative blood loss, less postoperative pain, and good recovery of intervertebral space height. From the changes in laboratory indexes of CK and the comparison of the left psoas major muscle, multifidus muscle, longissimus muscle area, and high signal intensity of T2 image on imaging, it can be seen that the degree of muscle damage and interference of OLIF surgery is lower than that of TLIF.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome , Pain, Postoperative , Muscles , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
11.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 456-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973242

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe glymphatic system regulates cerebral spinal fluid and interstitial fluid transport which might be one of the pathways of central nervous system (CNS) leukemia at the early stage. This study aimed to investigate the alteration of glymphatic system based on diffusion tensor image-analysis along the perivascular space (DTI-ALPS) in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) without clinically diagnosed CNS infiltration. MethodsTwenty-five ALL and typically developing (TD) children were prospectively recruited, and all subjects underwent DTI. Group differences in brain water diffusivities and ALPS-index were evaluated using the analysis of covariance. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between biological characteristics and significant parameters in pediatric ALL. ResultsCompared with TDs, decreased Dxassoc value (PFDR-corrected = 0.048) and increased Dzassoc value (PFDR-corrected = 0.033) were found in pediatric ALL. Hence, lower ALPS-index was found in children with ALL (PFDR-corrected < 0.001). ALPS-index was negatively associated with the risk classification (rs = -0.47, P = 0.018) as well as immunophenotype (rs = -0.40, P = 0.046) in pediatric ALL. ConclusionsOur results show dysfunction of the glymphatic system is presented in pediatric ALL without clinically diagnosed CNS infiltration, which suggests that the glymphatic system might be one of pathway in the early-stage of ALL CNS infiltration. The DTI-ALPS method can be used to evaluate the change of glymphatic system, providing a new method for exploring the underlying mechanisms and early detection of pediatric ALL CNS infiltration.

12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 82-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of novel bioactive glasses (BG) including PSC with high phosphorus component and FBG with fluorine-doped element on promoting remineralization of artificial dentin caries.@*METHODS@#(1) BGs were used in this study as follows: PSC (10.8%P2O5-54.2%SiO2-35.0%CaO, mol.%) were synthesized using phytic acid as the phosphorus precursor through sol-gel method. FBG (6.1%P2O5-37.0%SiO2-53.9%CaO-3.0%CaF2, mol.%) and 45S5(6.0%P2O5-45.0%SiO2-24.5%CaO-24.5%Na2O, mol.%) were synthesized by traditional melt method. (2) The above BGs were soaked in simulated body fluid (SBF) for 24 hours. Then X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to analyze the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA) crystals. (3) Prepared 1 mm thick dentin slices were soaked in 17% ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) for 1 week to demineralize the dentin. Then the dentin slices treated by BG were soaked in SBF for 1 week. Field emission scanning electron micro-scopy (FE-SEM) was used to observe the surface morphology of the dentin slices. (4) Four cavities were prepared to 1 mm depth in each 2 mm thick dentin slice, then were treated with lactic acid for 2 weeks to form the artificial dentin caries. Wax, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), PSC and FBG were used to fill four cavities as blank control group, MTA group, PSC group and FBG group respectively. Then the spe-cimens were soaked in SBF for 4 weeks. The changes of depth and density of demineralized dentin were analyzed using Micro-CT before filling and after 2 and 4 weeks filling.@*RESULTS@#(1) PSC and FBG promoted mineral formation on the surfaces of the demineralized dentin. And the speed was faster and crystallinity was higher in PSC group than the FBG and 45S5 groups. (2) The increased mineral density of artificial dentin caries in PSC group were (185.98 ± 55.66) mg/cm3 and (213.64 ± 36.01) mg/cm3 2 and 4 weeks after filling respectively, which were significantly higher than the control group [(20.38 ± 7.55) mg/cm3, P=0.006; (36.46 ± 10.79) mg/cm3, P=0.001]. At meanwhile, PSC group was also higher than MTA group [(57.29 ± 10.09) mg/cm3; (111.02 ± 22.06) mg/cm3], and it had statistical difference (P=0.015; P=0.006). The depth of remineralized dentin in PSC group were (40.0 ± 16.9) μm and (54.5 ± 17.8) μm 2 and 4 weeks respectively, which were also statistically different from the control group (P =0.010;P=0.001). There were no statistical differences between the control group and MTA group. The above effects of FBG group were between PSC and MTA.@*CONCLUSION@#PSC has advantages in the speed, quality and depth of mineral deposition in the demineralized layer of artificial dentin caries. It would be expected to be an ideal material to promote the remineralization of dentin caries.


Subject(s)
Dentin , Silicon Dioxide/pharmacology , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Minerals/pharmacology , Phosphorus/pharmacology , Tooth Remineralization/methods
13.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 277-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986753

ABSTRACT

With the widespread adoption of smartphones, mobile phone addiction among adolescents has emerged as a challenging public health concern. This paper aims to undertake a comprehensive literature review on mobile phone addiction among high school students, both domestically and internationally. It primarily focuses on exploring the conceptual framework, measurement tools, epidemic status, influencing factors and intervention strategies associated with mobile phone addiction in this specific population, so as to provide references for interventions targeting mobile phone addiction among high school students, with the ultimate goal of reducing the incidence rate within this population. [Funded by Sichuan Provincial Primary Health Development Research Center in 2022, North Sichuan Medical College (number, SWFZ22-C-89), Mianyang City Social Science Research Key Base-Sichuan Mianyang Minor Psychological Growth Guidance and Research Center 2022 Annual Funding Project (number, SCWCN 2022YB07)]

14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 366-374, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981937

ABSTRACT

Studies have investigated the effects of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) use on the incidence and clinical outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); however, the results have been inconsistent. We searched the PubMed, Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science databases from inception to March 2022; 13 studies covering 84 003 prostate cancer (PCa) patients with or without ADT met the eligibility criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. We calculated the pooled risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to explore the association between ADT use and the infection risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and severity of COVID-19. After synthesizing the evidence, the pooled RR in the SARS-CoV-2 positive group was equal to 1.17, and the SARS-CoV-2 positive risk in PCa patients using ADT was not significantly different from that in those not using ADT (P = 0.544). Moreover, no significant results concerning the beneficial effect of ADT on the rate of intensive care unit admission (RR = 1.04, P = 0.872) or death risk (RR = 1.23, P = 0.53) were found. However, PCa patients with a history of ADT use had a markedly higher COVID-19 hospitalization rate (RR = 1.31, P = 0.015) than those with no history of ADT use. These findings indicate that ADT use by PCa patients is associated with a high risk of hospitalization during infection with SARS-CoV-2. A large number of high quality studies are needed to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms/chemically induced , Androgen Antagonists/adverse effects , COVID-19 , Androgens/therapeutic use , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 648-652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995773

ABSTRACT

The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a newly discovered pathogen in 2019. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has spread around the world and has greatly affected global health and the world economy. It is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus, which generates subgenomic RNA from discontinuous transcription of the replication-transcription complex (RTC). This discontinuous transcription is regulated by transcriptional regulatory sequences/elements, produced by switching templates on genomic RNA. At present, the detection methods of subgenomic RNA include the next generation sequencing, nanopore sequencing, reverse transcription dropletdigital polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, etc. Subgenomic RNA is produced only when the virus infects cell, so it may be a novel marker for viral replication.

16.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 589-596, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the biological characteristics, phylogenic features and clinical significance of SQ219 and SQ220 isolated from clinical sputum and midstream urine specimens.Methods:The culture and biochemical characteristics of the two strains were observed. VITEK2 System, drug sensitivity testing and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry were used for bacterial identification. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA and core genome was performed. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) based on whole genome sequences was calculated.Results:SQ219 and SQ220 were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, and non-motile bacteria. Their optimum growth was observed in NaCl-free medium at 30℃ and pH7. Flexirubin-type pigments were produced by SQ220 on Colombia blood agar, but not by SQ219. Both SQ219 and SQ220 were resistant to aztreonam, amikacin, tobramycin and colistin, which was consistent with the drug resistance phenotype of genus Chryseobacterium. The genome sequences of SQ219 and SQ220 were 5.08 Mb and 4.80 Mb in length, and the G+ C contents were 36.72% and 36.36%, respectively. Both strains carried β-lactam resistance gene ( blaCGA). 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis showed that SQ219 and SQ220 were closely related to Chryseobacterium gambrini DSM18014 T with the similarities of 98.93% and 98.36%, respectively. Core genome phylogenetic analysis revealed that SQ219 and SQ220 were highly homologous to Chryseobacterium gambrini DSM18014 T. However, the ANI values between the two strains and Chryseobacterium gambrini DSM18014 T were 92.49% and 93.27%, respectively, below the threshold for prokaryotic species identification. Conclusions:Based on the phenotypic and phylogenetic data, SQ219 and SQ220 represent a novel species of the genus Chryseobacterium. This study would help promote the understanding of the evolution of Chrysobacterium and provide reference for the identification of new species of Chrysobacterium.

17.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 436-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mediating roles of the fear of missing out and mobile phone addiction between the basic psychological needs satisfaction and phubbing behavior among high school students.Methods:In April 2022, a cross-sectional design survey was conducted on 14 666 high school students. All participants were evaluated by the basic psychological needs scales(BPNS), generic scale of phubbing(GSP), trait-state fear of missing out scale(T-S FOMOS) and mobile phone addiction index(MPAI). The SPSS 26.0 software was used to conduct common method deviation test, descriptive statistics, and correlation analysis.PROCESS 4.1 was used to construct the model, and the Bootstrap method was used to test for mediating effects.Results:(1)Among the 14 036 high school students, there were 1 752 (12.48%) students who were addicted to mobile phones.There were significant differences in gender in the scores including BPNS(boy: 4.43±0.79, girl: 4.36±0.79), GSP(boy: 2.72±1.01, girl: 2.76±1.03) and T-S FOMOS(boy: 1.73±0.60, girl: 1.84±0.64), ( t=5.22, -10.58, -2.78, all P<0.01). Among different grades, there were significant differences in the scores of BPNS, T-S FOMOS, MPAI, and GSP( F=25.43, 39.50, 53.45, 14.59, all P<0.01). (2)Basic psychological needs score were positively correlated with fear of missing out, mobile phone addiction and phubbing( r=-0.432--0.294, all P<0.01). Phubbing were negatively correlated with fear of missing out and mobile phone addiction( r=0.744, 0.538, both P<0.01). Fear of missing out were negatively correlated with mobile phone( r=0.646, P<0.01). (3)The basic psychological needs satisfaction had a direct effect on phubbing behavior, and the effect value was -0.188 (95% CI: -0.173--0.204). The mediating effect of fear of missing out between the basic psychological needs satisfaction and phubbing behavior was -0.035(95% CI: -0.028--0.042). The mediating effect of mobile phone between the basic psychological needs satisfaction and phubbing behavior was -0.203(95% CI: -0.191--0.214). Fear of missing out and mobile phone addiction played a chain mediating role between them, and the mediating effect value was -0.134(95% CI: -0.125--0.143), which accounted for 23.93%(-0.134/-0.560) of the total effect. Conclusion:The high level basic psychological needs satisfaction can alleviate the occurrence of phubbing behavior. It may be achieved by decreasing fear of missing out and reducing mobile phone addiction.

18.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 943-949, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958604

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the genetic characteristics of the blaNDM-1-carrying plasmid of the multidrug resistant Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. hoffmannii clinical isolate C37, and constructing a phylogenetic tree of the 66 publicly available genomes of the Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. hoffmannii to explore its global epidemic situation. Methods:Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae complex (CRECC) strains isolated from the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from August 2014 to August 2021 were collected. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and 16S rDNA Sanger sequencing were used for species identification. Micro broth dilution method was used for antibacterial susceptibility test. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the β-lactamase resistance gene and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) gene carried by the C37 strain. The conjugation experiment was used to confirm the conjugative metastasis of the resistance genes in C37 strain. Whole genome of the C37 strain was sequenced. Core genome was extracted and the phylogenetic analysis of 66 publicly available Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. hoffmannii was performed. Results:Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. hoffmannii C37 strain is resistant to third-generation cephalosporins, carbapenems, aminoglycosides and quinolones, and carries blaACT-5, blaNDM-1, qnrA1, aac(6′)-Ib-cr, oqxAB, fosA, dfrA15 and other resistance genes, as well as IncX3, IncX4, IncFIB and IncFII plasmids. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis showed that C37 strain belongs to the ST78 type of Enterobacter cloacae complex (ECC). Conclusions:ST78 type Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. hoffmannii is closely related to the spread of carbapenem resistance genes. It is a potential high-risk clone to spread carbapenem resistance genes. The prevalence and trends of ST78 type Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. Hoffmannii should be monitored.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 401-405, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of different β values on the semi-quantitative accuracy and image quality of 68Ga-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT imaging after partial volume effect correction (PVC). Methods:In the model experiment, image reconstruction was carried out based on block sequential regularized expectation maximization algorithm (BSREMA) with the range of β values from 100 to 1 000. Recovery coefficient (RC), contrast recovery (CR) and background variability (BV) were measured to evaluate semi-quantitative accuracy and image quality. In the clinical study, image data of 21 prostate cancer patients (age 45-78 years) who underwent 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from March 2019 to February 2020 were retrospectively collected. A total of 29 abdominal imaging positive lymph nodes were divided into the small lymph node group (diameter <10 mm; n=12) and the large lymph node group (10 mm≤diameter≤30 mm; n=17). SUV parameters including SUV max, SUV mean and peak of SUV (SUV peak) and the influence of different β values on the SUV parameters were evaluated. The signal to noise ratio (SNR) and subjective scores were used to evaluate image quality. Independent-sample t test, Kappa test and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze data. Results:The model experiment showed that CR, RC and BV decreased with the increase of β values. The image quality, image clarity, lesion significance, and total image scores given by nuclear medicine physicians showed strong consistency ( Kappa values: 0.65-0.87, P values: 0.026-0.043). The small lymph node group had the highest score (13 and 14) with β value of 600, while the large lymph node group had the highest score (13 and 14) with β value of 700. SNR of the two groups increased steadily within β values from 100 to 600 ( t values: 2.49-8.99, P values: 0.023-0.038). When the β value was higher than 600, SNR of the small lymph node group reached a plateau ( t values: 1.28-2.00, P values: 0.072-0.098), while the SNR of the large lymph node group continued to increase ( t values: 2.98-4.63, P values: 0.012-0.029). Before PVC, there were significant negative correlations between SUV parameters and β values ( r values: from -0.94 to -0.64, P values: 0.039-0.046). After PVC, it was found that SUV mean and SUV max still had significant negative correlation with β values ( r values: from -0.78 to -0.68, P values: 0.035-0.042), while the SUV peak showed no significant correlation with β values ( r values: -0.22, -0.28, P values: 0.069, 0.126). Conclusions:Based on subjective scores and semi-quantitative indicators, 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT is superior to select β values of 600 and 700 for image reconstruction based on BSREMA. The SUV peak of small lesions is stable after PVC and the clinical value should be explored in further.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1562-1566, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953556

ABSTRACT

@#The European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS) 2022 clinical practice guidelines showed us venous thrombosis management in January 2022. In terms of iliac vein diseases, it retained some guiding views, upgraded some guiding views, and added some new views compared with the version 2015. It has good guidance and reference significance for medical staff and patients. The part of the guidelines about iliac vein disease is worth our interpretation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL