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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928884

ABSTRACT

As an important auxiliary tool for amputees to gain abled limb functions, prosthetic limbs with decoration or feedforward control channel could not meet the needs. In order to enable the prosthesis to deliver the information, includes temperature, pressure, position, shape and so on, a variety of sensory feedback methods have been integrated into the prosthesis. According to the position of the feedback terminal on the human body, the perceptual feedback systems include invasive and noninvasive sensory feedback. This review presents the research progress of these perceptual feedback techniques, and summarizes the problems in the application in artificial limbs. Finally, the development trend of sensory feedback technology in prostheses is prospected.


Subject(s)
Amputees , Artificial Limbs , Feedback, Sensory , Humans , Prosthesis Design , Technology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933632

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of tumor deposit (TD) on the prognosis of patients with stage Ⅲ colon cancer after radical resection.Methods:The clinicopathological data of patients with stage Ⅲ colon cancer after radical surgery at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital from Jan to Dec 2015 were analyzed collected. Clinicopathological characteristics such as tumor location, degree of differentiation, mismatch repair status, lymphatic and venous invasion, and preoperative CEA and CA19-9 levels were used to study the effect of TD on the postoperative survival of patients.Results:Among the 155 patients with stage Ⅲ colon cancer, 37 (23.9%) had tumor deposits. The incidence of tumor deposits was higher in patients with intravascular tumor thrombus and preoperative serum CA19-9 elevation ( χ2=9.567, P=0.002; χ2=11.561, P=0.003); Patients with tumor deposits had worse overall survival and disease-free survival than those without cancer nodules (OS: P=0.029, DFS: P=0.025). Multivariate COX analysis found that tumor deposit was an independent risk factor for postoperative overall survival and disease-free survival ( HR=1.990, 95% CI: 1.032-3.835, P=0.040; HR=2.416, 95% CI : 1.205-3.820, P=0.009). Conclusions:Tumor deposit is an independent risk factor affecting postoperative overall survival and disease-free survival in patients with stage Ⅲ colon cancer. For patients with lymph node metastasis, incorporating TD into TNM staging can more accurately predict the postoperative prognosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927877

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in the treatment of common bile duct stones. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted for 158 patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis admitted to the Number One Hospital of Zhangjiakou from January 2015 to December 2019.The patients were assigned into three groups according to the diameters of cystic duct and common bile duct,degrees of abdominal infection and tissue edema,and operation method.Group A(16 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,transcystic choledochoscopic exploration for stone removal;Group B(94 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,T tube drainage;Group C(48 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,primary closure of the common bile duct.The operation time,residual rate of stones,and complication(bleeding,bile leakage,and wound infection) rate were compared between groups. Results The operation time of groups A,B,and C was(95.1±14.7),(102.2±18.1),(110.1±16.4) minutes,respectively,which showed no statistical difference between each other(F=0.020,P=0.887).One case in group A had residual stones,while no residual stone appeared in groups B and C.The overall stone clearance rate was 99.4% and the overall complication rate was 1.9%.There was no perioperative death. Conclusion It is generally safe and effective to carry out laparoscopic cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration for stone removal in suitable populations.


Subject(s)
Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Common Bile Duct/surgery , Gallstones/surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 117-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927587

ABSTRACT

The ubiquitin-proteasome system plays an important role in protein degradation. The process of ubiquitination requires ubiquitin activating enzyme E1, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2, and ubiquitin ligase E3 to complete the coordination. Our previous studies have shown that HUWE1 (HECT, UBA and WWE domain containing 1), as an E3 ubiquitin ligase, can degrade epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to inhibit renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis. However, E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes binding to HUWE1 are still unclear. The aim of the present study was to identify E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes of HUWE1. Real-time PCR was used to identify E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme that may interact with HUWE1. The expression of E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme was detected in kidney of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mice and HK-2 cells treated with transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). The results showed that the expressions of E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBE2Q2 were significantly down-regulated at both RNA and protein levels in UUO kidneys. The expression of UBE2Q2 was also down-regulated in HK-2 cells stimulated with TGF-β, which was consistent with the change in the expression of HUWE1. These findings indicated that UBE2Q2 expression was synergistic with HUWE1 in the injured kidney. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) experiments showed that HUWE1 interacted with UBE2Q2 in HK-2 cells. The co-localization of UBE2Q2 and HUWE1 was confirmed by cell immunofluorescence staining. After knocking down UBE2Q2 by siRNA, ubiquitin binding to HUWE1 and EGFR was decreased. In sum, our results demonstrated that UBE2Q2, ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, works with HUWE1 to mediate ubiquitination and degradation of target protein in kidney.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Fibrosis , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Mice , Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Ubiquitination
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the ultrasonographic findings and genetic testing methods for fetuses carrying copy number variants (CNVs) of 7q11.23 region.@*METHODS@#Prenatal cases with 7q11.23 microdeletion/microduplication detected by single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) from January 2016 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including fetal ultrasound, chromosomal karyotype, SNP array, pregnancy outcome and follow-up. Literature on 7q11.23 CNVs identified upon prenatal diagnosis was also reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Five fetuses were found with 7q11.23 CNVs, including 3 microdeletions and 2 microduplications. Of them, 4 had ultrasonographic anomalies. The karyotypes of all fetuses were normal. Of three 7q11.23 microdeletions, two were de novo, while the remaining one couple did not accept parental verification. Of two 7q11.23 microduplications, one was de novo and the another was inherited from a phenotypic normal father. Three 7q11.23 microdeletions and one de novo 7q11.23 microduplication were electively aborted. One fetus carrying paternally inherited 7q11.23 microduplication was delivered full term. Follow-up found the infant had a normal phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#Fetuses with 7q11.23 microdeletions or microduplications showed phenotypic heterogeneity. SNP array can accurately detect 7q11.23 CNVs, thereby provide accurate information for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Fetus , Humans , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3653-3662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921454

ABSTRACT

Microorganisms are the dominant players driving the degradation and transformation of chloramphenicol (CAP) in the environment. However, little bacterial strains are able to efficiently degrade and mineralize CAP, and the CAP degrading pathways mediated by oxidative reactions remain unclear. In this study, a highly efficient CAP-degrading microbial consortium, which mainly consists of Rhodococcus (relative abundance >70%), was obtained through an enrichment process using CAP-contaminated activated sludge as the inoculum. A bacterial strain CAP-2 capable of efficiently degrading CAP was isolated from the consortium and identified as Rhodococcus sp. by 16S rRNA gene analysis. Strain CAP-2 can efficiently degrade CAP under different nutrient conditions. Based on the biotransformation characteristics of the detected metabolite p-nitrobenzoic acid and the reported metabolites p-nitrobenzaldehyde and protocatechuate by strain CAP-2, a new oxidative pathway for the degradation of CAP was proposed. The side chain of CAP was oxidized and broken to generate p-nitrobenzaldehyde, which was further oxidized to p-nitrobenzoic acid. Strain CAP-2 can be used to further study the molecular mechanism of CAP catabolism, and has the potential to be used in in situ bioremediation of CAP-contaminated environment.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Chloramphenicol , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Rhodococcus/genetics , Sewage
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical characteristics of esophageal reflux after total gastrectomy (ERATG), and to explore the mechanism of occurrence.Methods:Fourteen gastric cancer patients who underwent total gastrectomy were prospectively enrolled in this study. The postoperative symptoms were observed and recorded and 24 h MII-pH with pH monitoring was performed to investigate the characteristics of postoperative reflux.Results:After total gastrectomy patients were with different degrees of ERATG as heartburn, appetite loss, chest tightness and belching. The overall nature of ERATG is mainly weak acid, with a pH between 4 and 7. ERATG involved esophageal-jejunal anastomosis and a length of esophagus 7 cm above the anastomosis. Patients with typical reflux symptoms had a lower pH minimum in the upright position than those without typical symptoms[(4.76±0.71) vs.(5.68±0.37), t=2.866, P<0.05]. Patients with typical reflux symptoms had a higher frequency of reflux of mixed liquid and liquid-air reflux than those without typical symptoms[liquid(31.25±29.76) vs.(4.50±9.14), t=0.011, P<0.05; liquid-air(19.50±12.99) vs.(2.00±2.61), t=0.004, P<0.05]. Conclusion:ERATG is mainly a upward reflux of weakly acidic gas, with typical symptoms of heartburn, appetite loss, chest tightness and belching. Patients with typical symptoms usually have lower pH in the upright position.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the use of perfluorobutane contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in preoperative detection of microvascular invasion (MVI), and postoperative short-term recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:Patients who underwent hepatectomy with curative intent at the Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2021 to April 2021 were prospectively enrolled into this study. Of 42 patients in this study, there were 36 males and 6 females, with age of (56.51±11.95) years old. All patients underwent preoperative perfluorobutane CEUS, and the characteristics of ultrasound, the vascular phase and Kupffer phase of perfluorobutane CEUS were recorded. Based on the pathological results, these patients were divided into the MVI and non-MVI groups. These patients underwent liver MRI once every 3 months postoperatively to diagnose tumor recurrence. According to the recurrence of HCC 6 months after operation, these patients were divided into the non-recurrence and the recurrence groups. Independent risk factors for MVI and short-term recurrence were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses.Results:Two patients had two lesions, and the remaining 40 patients had a single lesion. The pathological diagnosis of all the lesions were HCC (14 patients in the MVI group and 28 patients in the non-MVI group). The median follow-up was 6 (3, 6) months, and there were 8 patients in the recurrence group and 34 patients in the non-recurrence group. On logistic analysis, independent risk factors for MVI included the number of vessels detected on color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) ( OR=5.762, 95% CI: 1.597-20.785, P=0.007), increased tumor size by more than 10% after CEUS arterial enhancement ( OR=10.186, 95% CI: 3.647-28.447, P=0.037), and thickness of corona enhancement at Kupffer phase of greater than 5 mm ( OR=17.340, 95% CI: 6.124-49.095, P=0.040). Cox regression showed the independent risk factors for short-term recurrence to include the number of vessels in CDFI ( RR=7.519, 95% CI: 1.086-52.051, P=0.041) and thickness of corona enhancement at Kupffer phase of greater than 5 mm ( RR=10.623, 95% CI: 1.265-89.218, P=0.030). Conclusion:Preoperative perfluorobutane CEUS had potential values in detecting MVI and in predicting postoperative short-term recurrence of HCC.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 163-166, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923230

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively evaluate the non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks of low-level dichloromethane(DCM) exposure. METHODS: A typical sampling method was used to select workers from an engine factory and an automobile parts factory as the research subjects. After hazard identification and hazard characteristic assessment, the occupational health risks of DCM in the workplace were quantitatively assessed by non-carcinogenic risk assessment and carcinogenic risk assessment. RESULTS: The highest exposure concentration of short-term of DCM was 43.6 mg/m~3 in the air of eight DCM job posts in these two enterprises, which was lower than the operational level of 300.0 mg/m~3(half of the occupational exposure limit in China). Under this premise, the non-carcinogenic risk assessment results showed that the non-carcinogenic risk caused by inhalation of DCM was unacceptable in workers of these eight job posts. The results of carcinogenic risk assessment showed that the carcinogenic risk caused by inhalation of DCM was acceptable for all the workers in these eight job posts. CONCLUSION: Low-level DCM exposure can cause unacceptable occupational health risks to workers. Quantitative risk assessment can be applied to assess exposure to low-level chemicals.

10.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 May; 16(2): 209-214
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213802

ABSTRACT

Objective: To research the effect of matrine on the proliferation and migration of HepG2 cells through extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling pathway. Methods: HepG2 cell was selected and divided into blank control group, experimental group (matrine 1, 2, and 4 mg/mL), and positive control group (PD98059, ERK1/2 inhibitor). MTT measure was used to detect the effective time and concentration which matrine inhibits HepG2 cells. After 24 h, the effect of effective concentration of matrine on the of morphological changing HepG2 cells was observed. The invasion ability was assayed by transwell method, the expression of ERK1/2 and pERK1/2 were detected through Western blot, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to test the expression level of ERK1/2 mRNA. Results: With the increase of matrine concentration, the number of adherent HepG2 cells gradually decreased, the morphologic changes gradually became spherical, some cell morphology was incomplete, and even cell fragments appeared. The proliferation and invasion ability of HepG2 cells decreased. The expression of ERK1/2, pERK1/2, and ERK1/2 mRNA downregulated with the increase of matrine concentration (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Matrine inhibits the proliferation and migration of HepG2 cells by downregulating the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1035-1045, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828332

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. In the post-stroke stage, cardiac dysfunction is common and is known as the brain-heart interaction. Diabetes mellitus worsens the post-stroke outcome. Stroke-induced systemic inflammation is the major causative factor for the sequential complications, but the mechanism underlying the brain-heart interaction in diabetes has not been clarified. The NLRP3 (NLR pyrin domain-containing 3) inflammasome, an important component of the inflammation after stroke, is mainly activated in M1-polarized macrophages. In this study, we found that the cardiac dysfunction induced by ischemic stroke is more severe in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes. Meanwhile, M1-polarized macrophage infiltration and NLRP3 inflammasome activation increased in the cardiac ventricle after diabetic stroke. Importantly, the NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor CY-09 restored cardiac function, indicating that the M1-polarized macrophage-NLRP3 inflammasome activation is a pathway underlying the brain-heart interaction after diabetic stroke.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether ultrafine powder of Gastrodiae Rhizoma (UPG) can alleviate the learning and memory impairment of vascular dementia rats and delay the process of VD, and whether this effect is related to the release of acetylcholine (Ach) through the regulation with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and control of cholinergic system. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, UPG low dose group (0.45 g·kg-1), UPG high dose group (1.8 g·kg-1) and Huperzine A group (80 μg·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group. The drug administration groups were given orally drugs once a day for 8 weeks, and sham group and model group were given orally the same amount of distilled water. The learning and memory ability of the rats with VD were evaluated by the Morris water maze. Htoxylin eosin(HE) staining was used for pathomorphological observation of hippocampus CA1 area of the rats. The content of Ach was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), AChE and ChAT protein expressions were detected by Western blot, and expression of ChAT in hippocampus CA1 area was observed by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the sham operation group, the escape latency of the model group was significantly increased (P<0.01), and the frequency of crossings platform and the time of staying in the target quadrant were reduced significantly (P<0.01). HE staining of hippocampal tissues from VD rat showed neuron disorders, loss and degeneration and necrosis, pyknosis of the nucleus and light coloration of the cytoplasm. The level of acetylcholine in the hippocampus was significantly decreased by ELISA (P<0.05), the expression level of AChE protein was significantly up-regulated, and the expression level of ChAT protein was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01). Compared with model group, each administration group could significantly reduce the escape latency of the model rats, and significantly increase the frequency of crossing platform and the time of staying in the target quadrant (P<0.01), the content of Ach was significantly increased (P<0.05), the expression of AChE protein was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01), while the expression of ChAT protein was significantly up-regulated (P<0.01). Conclusion:UPG improves the learning and memory ability of vascular dementia rats, and its mechanism may be related to the increase of Ach, ChAT level and the decrease of AChE level.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of indocyanine green(ICG) fluorescence imaging in laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 7 patients who had undergone laparoscopic anterior resection with the use of ICG fluorescence imaging at Peking University People′s Hospital between Oct 2018 and Mar 2019. The clinicopathological variables, surgical factors, short-term outcome and complications were analyzed.Results:The median operation time was 185 min. The median estimated blood loss was 50 ml. The median time from ICG injection to anastomotic perfusion was 45 s. One patient received extended proximal resection of bowel due to poor perfusion as suggested by ICG imaging. The median time to soft diet was 4 days, and the median hospital stay was 8 days. The median number of lymph nodes harvested was 16. There were no major complications in all these patients. No adverse events related to ICG were recorded.Conclusions:ICG fluorescence imaging was safe and effective in detecting insufficient blood supply around newly established bowel anastomsis, hence potentially reducing the anastomotic leakage rate.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the diagnostic value of tumor markers in peritoneal lavage fluid from colorectal cancer patients for tumor peritoneal metastasis.Methods:A total of 227 colorectal cancer patients who undergoing surgical treatment were included. 300 ml of peritoneal lavage fluid was irrigated immediately upon laparotomy for traditional cytology (PLC) testing, 134 patients were tested for tumor marker of peritoneal lavage fluid (pTM). Univariate analysis was performed to determine the risk factors for peritoneal metastasis; pTM ROC curve was used to determine the best cutoff value; paired chi-square test was used to compare the difference between PLC and pTM detection.Results:The positive rate of PLC was 12.3% (28/227). Age>65, stage T3 + , lymph node metastasis, mucinous adenocarcinoma and increased serum CA125, CA19-9 are related to peritoneal metastasis; The best cutoff value of pTM for peritoneal metastasis : pCEA 17.095 ng/dl, sensitivity 58.3%, specificity 93.9%; pCA19-9 4.515 U/ml, sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 80.0%; pCA125 303.2 U/ml, sensitivity 58.3%, specificity 95.7%; pCA-724 3.01 U/ml, sensitivity 66.7%, specificity 95.7%; The best cutoff value of pTM for peritoneal micrometastasis: pCA19-9 3.43 U/ml, sensitivity 100%, specificity 72.2%. The positive rate of pCA19-9 was 29.85%, which was higher than that of PLC (χ 2=2.00, P<0.05). Conclusion:Peritoneal metastasis of colorectal cancer is related to tumor T stage, lymph node metastasis, tumor pathological type, and increased serum CA125 and CA19-9; pTM has diagnostic value for peritoneal metastasis of colorectal cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of CD157 and its significance in colorectal cancer.Methods:The expression of CD157 was detected in 50 cases of colorectal cancer tissues and corresponding adjacent normal colorectal tissues by immunohistochemistry. The correlation between the expression of CD157 and clinicopathological parameters and prognosis was analyzed statistically.Results:Higher expression of CD157 protein was observed in colorectal cancer than that in normal colorectal tissues (72% vs. 20%, χ 2=25.09, P<0.01). Moreover, High expression of CD157 was correlated with the tumor size (χ 2=7.368, P=0.007), TNM stage (χ 2=9.223, P=0.002), the depth of tumor infiltration (χ 2=4.158, P=0.041), distant metastasis (χ 2=5.521, P=0.019), vascular invasion (χ 2=6.307, P=0.012) and microsatellite instability (χ 2=4.778, P=0.029), but not with gender, age, histology type, location, differentiation grade, lymph node metastasis, nerve infiltration or Kras mutation (all P>0.05 respectively). Patients with low expression of CD157 had longer survival (45±4 )months than those with high expression (30±3)months (χ 2=5.234, P=0.022). Conclusions:High expression of CD157 in colorectal cancer tissue is related to poor survival of postoperative patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the perioperative situation and recent effect of pelvic exenteration for patients with locally recurrent cervical cancer.Methods:A total of 17 patients with locally recurrent cervical cancer who underwent pelvic exenteration in Peking University People's Hospital from October 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed for their clinical and pathological characteristics, surgical conditions, hospitalization costs, postoperative complications, and survival situation.Results:(1) The median age of 17 patients with locally recurrent cervical cancer was 51 years (range 27-64 years). Pathological type: 13 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 2 cases of adenocarcinoma, and 2 cases of adenosquamous carcinoma. Thirteen patients received radiotherapy during the initial treatment and 4 patients did not receive radiotherapy. (2) Pelvic exenteration was performed in 17 patients with locally recurrent cervical cancer, of which 9 cases were performed with total pelvic exenteration (operation range including radical cystectomy, partial urethrectomy rectectomy and partial vaginalectomy), and 8 cases with anterior pelvic exenteration operation (operation range including: radical cystectomy, part of urethrectomy and part of vaginalectomy). Of the 17 patients successfully completed the operation. The median operation time was 450 minutes (range 240-760 minutes), the median intraoperative blood loss was 2 200 ml (range 200- 8 400 ml), the median postoperative hospital stay was 17 days (range 9-55 days), the median hospital cost was 83 857 yuan (range 41 588-296 354 yuan). (3) Of the 17 patients underwent pelvic exenteration, 16 of them had early complications, the most common one was fever (14 cases). Fourteen of them had late complications, and the most common one was a urinary system infection (12 cases). (4) The median overall survival time was 26.0 months (range 3-44 months), the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 9.0 months (range 2-44 months). Among them, 13 patients received radiation therapy during the initial treatment, the median PFS time was 9.0 months (range 2-30 months); 4 patients did not receive radiation therapy in the initial treatment, the median PFS time was 10.5 months (range 2-44 months).Eleven patients received adjuvant therapy after pelvic exenteration, the median PFS time was 12.0 months (range 2-44 months); 6 patients did not receive adjuvant therapy, the median PFS time was 5.0 months (range 2-9 months).Conclusions:Pelvic exenteration has a wide range of operations, many postoperative complications, and high hospitalization costs. Adjuvant treatment after pelvic exenteration could improve the PFS time for some patients. Its clinical value and health economic value need to be further explored.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829010

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This paper aimed to investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and explore the associated risk factors in a very elderly southwest Chinese population.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to June 2016, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to obtain a representative sample of 1,326 participants over 80 years old living in Chengdu. The presence of DM was based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose (2-hPG) levels during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratios ( s) and 95% confidence intervals ( s) of the potential associated factors.@*Results@#The participants' mean age was 83.5 ± 3.1 years. The overall prevalence of DM was 27.4%. The prevalence was higher in males (30.2%) than females (24.7%) ( = 0.02). The prevalence of DM increased with body mass index (BMI) and decreased with aging. The multivariate analysis suggested that male sex ( = 1.433; 95% , 1.116-1.843), hypertension ( = 1.439; 95% , 1.079-1.936), overweight or obesity ( = 1.371; 95% , 1.023-1.834), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min; = 1.362; 95% , 1.063-1.746), and abdominal obesity ( = 1.615; 95% , 1.216-2.149) were all significantly positively correlated with DM. However, age was negatively correlated with DM ( = 0.952; 95% , 0.916-0.989).@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of DM and newly diagnosed DM in a very elderly southwest Chinese population was high. OGTT screening should be performed regularly in people aged ≥ 80 years to ensure timely diagnosis of DM.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors
18.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1035-1045, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826742

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. In the post-stroke stage, cardiac dysfunction is common and is known as the brain-heart interaction. Diabetes mellitus worsens the post-stroke outcome. Stroke-induced systemic inflammation is the major causative factor for the sequential complications, but the mechanism underlying the brain-heart interaction in diabetes has not been clarified. The NLRP3 (NLR pyrin domain-containing 3) inflammasome, an important component of the inflammation after stroke, is mainly activated in M1-polarized macrophages. In this study, we found that the cardiac dysfunction induced by ischemic stroke is more severe in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes. Meanwhile, M1-polarized macrophage infiltration and NLRP3 inflammasome activation increased in the cardiac ventricle after diabetic stroke. Importantly, the NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor CY-09 restored cardiac function, indicating that the M1-polarized macrophage-NLRP3 inflammasome activation is a pathway underlying the brain-heart interaction after diabetic stroke.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1726-1729, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825331

ABSTRACT

@#Persistent corneal epithelial defect(PED/PCEDs)is an eye disease that fails to form corneal epithelium rapidly even after 10-14d of corneal injury. Corneal protective epithelial destruction and stromal layer damage can easily lead to eye infection, stromal ulcer, perforation, scar formation, and even blindness. At present, clinicians still face considerable challenges in treating PED patients. Standard treatments such as wearing bandaged contact lenses and using artificial tears, while newly developed drugs can promote the formation of various growth factors to re-form the cornea, and further cooperate with the corresponding surgery to provide innervation for the cornea. In order to achieve the effect of treatment. In addition, treatment should be carried out as soon as possible after the diagnosis of PED to avoid secondary complications. This article reviews the epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, clinical manifestation, treatment and prognosis of persistent corneal epithelial defect.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 831-833, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820901

ABSTRACT

@#In a variety of eye diseases, such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and other diseases, the occurrence of oxidative stress is very common, oxidative stress can cause cell damage and apoptosis. The Sirtuins family(histone class III deacetylases), as regulators of a variety of cells, is widely expressed in various organs of the human body. Homologous genes of sirtuins(SIRT1)are also widely expressed in the eyes, and their expression and activation can play an anti-oxidative stress role, prevent cell senescence and damage, and thus prevent the progression of disease. This paper discusses the mechanism and expression of Sirtuins family in glaucoma, senile macular degeneration, optic neuritis and senile cataract.

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