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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921802

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to systematically analyze the peptides and proteins from Asini Corii Colla(ACC) through shotgun proteomics. After high-pH reversed-phase fractionation, the proteins and peptides in the hydrolysate of ACC were further separated by nano LC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS under the following conditions: Thermo Scientific EASY column(100 μm×2 cm, 5 μm, C_(18)) as precolumn, Thermo Scientific EASY column(75 μm×100 mm, 3 μm, C_(18)) for solid phase extraction, gradient elution with 0.1% formic acid in water(mobile phase A) and 84% acetonitrile in water containing 0.1% formic acid(mobile phase B), and MS in positive ion mode. Based on Uniprot_Equus caballus, MS data, and literature, 2 291 peptides were identified from ACC by MaxQuant, with 255 Maillard reactions(AML, CML, CEL)-modified peptides identified for the first time. Through alignment, the peptides were found to belong to 678 equine proteins. In conclusion, the combination of nano LC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS and shotgun proteomics achieved rapid and accurate identification of the proteins and peptides in ACC, which provides the key information and new insights for further investigation of chemicals and effective substances in ACC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Horses , Peptides , Proteins , Proteomics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921750

ABSTRACT

The calibration of chromone reference extract(CRE) was conducted and a quality control method of Saposhnikoviae Radix(SR) was established based on CRE. Meanwhile, the quality control system of SR was improved and the feasibility of using reference extract as a substitute for single reference substance in quality control of Chinese medicine was discussed. In this study, the content of the prepared CRE was calibrated with prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, and secO-glucosylhamaudol as indicators. Subsequently, an HPLC analytical method was developed to determine the content of four chromones in 20 batches of SR samples based on the CRE with known content as the standard substance. T-test was used for the comparison of the determination results of the two methods(single chemical component and CRE as reference substances, respectively), and the P values of prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol, and sec-O-glucosylhamaudol were 0. 16,0. 39, 0. 14, and 0. 42. The results demonstrated that there was no significant difference between the two methods. This study initially verified the feasibility that the CRE could be used as a substitute for single reference substance in quality control of SR. In conclusion,this study is expected to provide a scientific basis and a new research model for the application of reference extract in the quality control of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , Calibration , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromones , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921356

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Early triage of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is pivotal in managing the disease. However, studies on the clinical risk score system of the risk factors for the development of severe disease are limited. Hence, we conducted a clinical risk score system for severe illness, which might optimize appropriate treatment strategies.@*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective, single-center study at the JinYinTan Hospital from January 24, 2020 to March 31, 2020. We evaluated the demographic, clinical, and laboratory data and performed a 10-fold cross-validation to split the data into a training set and validation set. We then screened the prognostic factors for severe illness using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and logistic regression, and finally conducted a risk score to estimate the probability of severe illness in the training set. Data from the validation set were used to validate the score.@*Results@#A total of 295 patients were included. From 49 potential risk factors, 3 variables were measured as the risk score: neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio ( @*Conclusion@#This report may help define the potential of developing severe illness in patients with COVID-19 at an early stage, which might be related to the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, albumin, and chest computed tomography abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Aged , COVID-19/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Severity of Illness Index
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of suction blister transplantation in improving the efficacy of ReCell technique in the treatment of vitiligo.Methods:Patients were divided into three groups, namely, vitiligo patients without history of suction blister therapy, patients with ineffective suction blister therapy and patients with effective suction blister therapy. There were 30 patients in each group. All patients were treated with standard procedure of ReCell technique. The color recovery effect of leukoplakia was observed 3 and 6 months after operation, and the incidence of complications was also observed.Results:The effective rate of color recovery 3 and 6 months after operation were as follow: in patients without history of suction blister group, the effective rate of three months was 53.3%, and that of six months was 63.3%; in patients with ineffective suction blister group, the effective rate was 43.3% in three months and 50.0% in six months, and in patients with effective suction blister group, the effective rate was 76.7% in three months and 90.0% in six months. No obvious complications were observed in the three groups.Conclusions:For the treatment of stable vitiligo with ReCell technique, suction blister method is a simple and effective method for screening patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the outcome of kidney transplantation from donation after cadaveric death(DCD)with high pathological Remuzzi score.Methods:From January, 2019 to December, 2019, 31 recipients of kidney allograft transplantation from marginal donors with Remuzzi score≥4 in preimplantation biopsy were retrospectively enrolled. They were divided into two groups of dual kidney transplantation(DKT, 14 cases)and single kidney transplantation(SKT, 17 cases). Median Remuzzi score of left kidney(5.05 in DKT group vs 4.92 in SKT group)or right kidney(5.26 vs. 4.58)was comparable. Dual donor kidneys were implanted into ipsilateral iliac fossa. Survival outcomes, kidney function, acute rejection episodes, incidence of delayed graft function(DGF)and proteinuria were recorded within Year 1 post-operation.Results:Proportion of male(92.9% vs. 52.9%, P<0.05)and recipient's body mass index(BMI, 23.93 vs. 21.09)were significant higher in DKT group than those in SKT group. One graft failure occurred in DKT group at Month 11 post-operation. The 1-year graft survival rate was 92.9% in DKT group and 1-year recipient survival rate both 100% in two groups. Mean 12-month serum creatinine[SCr, (164±37.7)μmol/L vs. (154.92±96.2)μmol/L]and estimated glomerular filtration rate[eGFR, (41.84±9.01) vs. (44.8±18.16)ml/(min·1.73m 2)]were comparable between two groups(both P>0.05). There was no occurrence of thrombosis resulting in graft loss. One-year incidence of acute rejection, rate of DGF(42.9% vs 41.2%)and proteinuria(57.1% vs. 41.2%)were comparable between two groups(both P>0.05). Conclusions:Through donor-recipient matching and dual kidney transplant allocation, short-term survival outcome of kidney allograft from marginal donors with high Remuzzi score≥4 is encouraging. However, long-term outcomes should be further examined.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the medium-term outcomes of single kidney transplantation from senile deceased donors aged above 65 years.Methods:Forty-three kidney recipients from donors aged above 65(old-aged donor group, OAD) and 43 kidney recipients of the same age and gender from donors aged 18 to 49 years(standard-criteria donor group, SCD) were retrospectively reviewed.The survival outcomes of patients and grafts, renal functions, the incidence of delayed graft function(DGF)and other complications were recorded within the 3-year follow-up post-transplantation.Results:The 3-year patient survival rates were 95.3% both in OAD and SCD and the 3-year death-censored graft survival rates 92.7% and 97.6% respectively.The serum levels of creatinine were significantly higher in OAD than that in SCD( P<0.05). And lower estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)was found in OAD as compared with SCD( P<0.05). No significant difference existed in the incidence of DGF(OAD 20.9% and SCD 18.6%, P>0.05), acute rejection (OAD 4.7% and SCD 2.3%, P>0.05)or proteinuria(OAD 27.9%and SCD 14.0%, P>0.05). Conclusions:Single kidney transplantation from old-aged deceased donors may achieve excellent medium-term survival outcomes of patients and grafts.It can expand the donor pool though kidney functions were not as good as those of SCD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the medium/long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients with expanded criteria donor(ECD)versus standard criteria donor(SCD).Methods:From August 2011 to May 2017, a total of 506 cases underwent renal transplantation.Based upon baseline clinical data, they were divided into two groups of ECD(67 cases)and SCD(230 cases). And 1: 4 propensity score matching was employed for maximizing the elimination of selection bias influence on the results by rank-sum test.Results:There was no statistical difference existed between ECD and SCD donor kidney in acute rejection, delayed graft function and all-cause infection(all P>0.05). The value of eGFR of ECD donor kidney recipients was slightly lower than that of SCD group at Week 1 and Year 4 postoperatively( P<0.05). And there was no inter-group statistical significance in the fifth year( P=0.273). No significant inter-group difference existed in human/renal survival rate( P=0.143, P=0.076). Conclusions:Appropriate selection criteria and recipient selection criteria can make the application of ECD donor kidney safer and more scientific so as to benefit more patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 516-520,C8-1, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910200

ABSTRACT

Objective:By analyzing the clinical and pathologic manifestations of systemic mastocytosis (SM) to improve the recognition of the disease.Methods:Clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of a middle-aged male patient with SM was reported with multidisciplinary discussions.Results:A middle-aged man with bone pain, thyroid nodules and lymphadenectasis came to our clinic. Thyroid cancer with lymph node and bone metastasis was suspected by imaging examination. The pathological results showed cell proliferation with transparent cytoplasm and irregular nuclear in the trabecular bone. Toluidine blue staining showed the proliferated cells were mast cells(+). Immunohistochemistry showed proliferating mast cells stained with CD117 and CD2. SM with extensive bone marrow involvement was diagnosed and treated with thalidomide and calcitriol.Conclusion:Knowing the characteristics of SM is helpful for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects of robot-assisted minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing in the treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological dysfunction.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 24 patients who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital Affiliated to Inner Mongolia Medical University for multi-segmental thoracolumbar fractures from January 2019 to December 2020. They were randomly divided into a robot group ( n=12) in which the minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing was assisted by a surgical robot and a manual group ( n=12) in which the minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screwing was performed manually. There were 8 males and 4 females in the robot group, aged from 35 to 74 years; there were 7 males and 5 females in the manual group, aged from 36 to 69 years. The clinical effects were evaluated by comparing the 2 groups in terms of operation time, fluoroscopy frequency, fluoroscopy time, intra-operative needle adjustments, intra-operative blood loss, screwing accuracy, and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, anterior vertebral height ratios and sagittal cobb angles at preoperation, postoperative 3 days and the last follow-up. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability ( P>0.05). A total of 128 screws were implanted in the robot group and 126 ones in the manual group. In the robotic group, operation time [(129.2±10.5) min], fluoroscopy frequency [(8.5±2.1) times], fluoroscopy time [(9.8±1.9) s], guide needle adjustments [(2.3±1.4) times], and intraoperative blood loss [(65.3±9.8) mL] were significantly less than those in the manual group [(153.8±18.1) min, (39.8±5.1) times, (43.9±4.8) s, (18.6±2.6) times and (96.8±10.9) mL] (all P<0.05). Regarding the screwing accuracy evaluated using CT scanning, the robot group was significantly higher (93.75%, 120/128) than the manual group (84.92%, 107/126) ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in VAS score, anterior vertebral height ratio or sagittal cobb angle at postoperative 3 days or the last follow-up ( P>0.05). The VAS scores, anterior vertebral height ratios and sagittal cobb angles at postoperative 3 days and the last follow-up were significantly improved than the preoperative values in all patients ( P<0.05). There was no supplementary surgery or screw loosening in either of the 2 groups. Conclusion:In the treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar fractures, robot-assisted percutaneous pedicle screwing can achieve satisfactory clinical effects, because, compared with traditional open surgery, it has exhibited advantages of less operation time, lower radiation exposure, less intraoperative blood loss, and higher screwing accuracy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 938-946, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare biomimetic tissue engineering scaffolds of gelatin/sodium alginate/laponite composite hydrogel loaded with BMSCs by 3D biological printing technique,and explore the osteogenic effect of 3D printing on hydrogel scaffolds containing bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs).Methods:BMSCs were routinely extracted and identified by flow cytometry. Gelatin,sodium alginate and laponite were mixed and then BMSCs were added to prepare cell-containing composite hydrogel scaffolds using 3D bioprinting. Non-printed scaffolds containing cells were prepared by injection molding method. In vitro,the prepared scaffolds were divided into the printing group with cells and non-printing group with cells according to whether they were printed,with 12 samples per group. Another simple cell culture group was set as control. Then,the internal structure of the composite hydrogel was observed by scanning electron microscope,and the expansion rate and water content of the scaffolds were measured by freeze-drying method. At day 3 after culture,the growth status of BMSCs was observed by phalloidine staining. cell counting kit(CCK)-8 assay was used to detect cell activity in scaffolds at days 1,3,and 7 after culture and RT-PCR to detect the expression of osteogenesis related genes Osterix,osteocalcin(OCN)and collagen I at days 7 and 14 ofter culture. In vivo,four groups were set according to printing or not and whether containing cells or not:printing implant group with cells,non-printing implant group with cells,printing implant group without cells and non-printing implant group without cells,with 9 samples per group. Scaffolds in four groups were implanted to the posterior gluteal muscle pouches(random on left or right)of 36 8-week-old SD rats,respectively. The samples were taken X-ray images at 2,4 and 8 weeks after operation,respectively. The osteogenic differentiation of tissues at 8 weeks was observed by HE and Masson staining. Results:The flow cytometry showed that the cells were BMSCs. Internal pores of hydrogels were obvious,and cells stretched freely in the pores. Differences of the swelling rate and water content were not statistically significant between printing group with cells[(1,039.37±30.66)%,(91.21±0.26)%]and non-printing group with cells[(1,032.38±35.05)%,(91.16±0.28)%]( P>0.05). At day 3 after culture in vitro,the cells grew well in the hydrogel. After culturing for 1 day in vitro,there was no significant difference in absorbance between printing group with cells and non-printing group with cells( P>0.05). At day 3 after culture,there was no significant difference in absorbance between printing group with cells and non-printing group with cells,but both groups showed a higher level than simple cell culture group( P<0.05). At day 7 after culture,the absorbance in printing group with cells(2.72±0.17)was higher than that in non-printing group with cells(2.35±0.11),and both of which were higher than that in simple cell culture group(1.95±0.12)( P<0.05). At day 7 after culture in vitro,there was no statistically significant difference in the expression of osteogenic differentiation-related genes between printing group with cells and the non-printing group with cells( P>0.05),but they were all higher than those in simple cell culture group( P<0.05). At day 14 after culture in vitro,the expression of osteogenesis-related genes Osterix(1.650±0.095),OCN(2.725±0.091),collagen I(2.024±0.091)in printing group with cells were higher than those in non-printing group with cells(1.369±0.114,2.174±0.198,1.617±0.082,respectively)and those in simple cell culture group(1.031±0.094,1.116±0.092,0.736±0.140,respectively)( P<0.05). After implantation for 2 weeks in vivo,with no statistically significant difference in the gray values of X-ray films in each group( P>0.05). At weeks 4 and 8 after implantation,the gray values of X-ray films in printing implant group with cells and non-printing implant group with cells were higher than those in printing implant group without cells and non-printing implant group without cells( P<0.01). At 8 weeks after implantation,HE staining showed that the scaffolds were degraded in different degrees and immersed with cells,with collagen production seen in Masson staining as well. Conclusions:Composite hydrogel scaffolds can provide a good three-dimensional environment for BMSCs growth. 3D bioprinting can promote the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in hydrogel scaffolds. In addition,BMSCs-loaded scaffolds can be degraded slowly in vivo with good ectopic osteogenic ability.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 521-525, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909788

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of signal sequence receptor subunit 1 (SSR1) and its prognostic value in hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:Search the expression data and relevant clinical data of SSR1 in hepatocellular carcinoma patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to June 20, 2021, and download relevant public data. The expression levels of SSR1 in 334 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma with complete information and data were analyzed retrospectively. The expression difference of SSR1 gene between hepatocellular carcinoma and adjacent tissues was analyzed by Wilcoxon signed rank test. Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were divided into high expression group and low expression group based on the median value of SSR1 expression level (14.660). χ 2 test was conducted to analyze the relationship between SSR1 expression and clinicopathological features. Cox regression and Log-rank survival test were used to analyze the relationship between SSR1 gene expression, clinicopathological features and overall survival rate in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to determine the factors affecting prognosis. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to predict the possible regulatory pathways. Result:Bioinformatics analysis based on TCGA database showed that the expression level of SSR1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (16.320±7.231) was significantly higher than that in normal liver tissue (7.473±1.410). The difference between groups was statistically significant ( t=8.621, P<0.001).The overall survival rate of patients with high SSR1 gene expression group was lower than that of patients with high SSR1 gene expression group (χ 2=10.1, P<0.001). The high expression of SSR1 gene was related to sex (χ 2=4.392, P=0.036), Stage (χ 2=6.264, P=0.012), T stage (χ 2=4.561, P=0.033) and Grade classification (χ 2=14.015, P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that patients with high expression of SSR1 gene got worse risk of death ( HR=1.030, 95% CI:1.002-1.060, P=0.036), and SSR1 gene expression was an independent predictor of hepatocellular carcinoma. Gene set enrichment analysis showed that the high expression of SSR1 was related to ubiquitination, cell cycle, RNA degradation, mTOR signal pathway, Wnt signal pathway and MAPK signal pathway. Conclusion:SSR1 gene is significantly up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma, which is related to gender, Stage, T stage and Grade classification. Ubiquitination, cell cycle, RNA degradation, mTOR signal pathway, Wnt signal pathway and MAPK signal pathway may be the key pathways for SSR1 to promote the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1153-1157, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of artificial dermis combined with autogenous thin skin graft on the survival rate of compound skin graft and the scar state of joints in burn patients.Methods:94 burned patients treated in Baoding Fifth Hospital from August 2017 to August 2019 were prospectively selected as the research objects. They were randomly divided into two groups with 47 cases in each group. The control group was treated with simple medium thick skin transplantation, and the observation group was treated with artificial dermis combined with autologous thin skin grafting. The recovery of the two groups (healing time of skin donor area, healing time of skin graft area, healing time under scab of burn area and hospitalization time) were compared. The survival rate of composite skin transplantation, wound healing, Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) score, joint range of motion (shoulder abduction, knee flexion, knee extension), Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B), Profile of Mood States-Short Form (POMS-SF) score and complications were compared.Results:The healing time of donor area, skin graft area, subeschar healing time and hospital stay in the observation group were shorter than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The wound healing in the observation group was better than that in the control group, and the survival rate of composite skin transplantation was higher than that in the control group ( P<0.05). After treatment, the scar state of the joint in the two groups was improved compared with that before treatment ( P<0.05); The scar thickness, vascular distribution score and total score of VSS in the observation group were lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). After treatment, the joint range of motion in the two groups was improved compared with that before treatment ( P<0.05); The shoulder abduction, knee flexion and knee extension in the observation group were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). After treatment, the quality of life and psychological status of the two groups were improved compared with those before treatment ( P<0.05); The BSHS-B score of the observation group was higher than that of the control group, and the POMS-SF score was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05); The incidence of complications in the observation group (4.26%) was lower than that in the control group (21.28%) ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Artificial dermis combined with autologous thin skin graft can significantly improve the survival rate of compound skin graft in burned patients, and can further reduce the scar condition of the joints of patients, reduce the incidence of complications, and effectively improve the prognosis of patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Right ventricular (RV) remodeling is one of the essential pathological features in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). RV hypertrophy or fibrosis are the leading causes of RV remodeling. Magnolol is a com?pound isolated from Magnolia officinalis. It possesses multiple pharmacological activities, such as anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation. This study aims to evaluate the effects and underlying mechanisms of magnolol on RV remodeling in hypoxia-induced PAH. METHODS ① Male SD rats (220 g) were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10): the normoxia group, the hypoxia group, the hypoxia plus Magnolol (10 and 20 mg·kg-1·d-1) group, and the vehicle group. Rats in the normoxia group were kept in a normoxia environment for 4 weeks, while rats in the hypoxia group were kept in a hypoxic chamber (10% O2). The rats in the hypoxia plus magnolol groups were administered with magnolol at 10 or 20 mg·kg-1 (ip) once a day for 4 weeks. At the end of 4 weeks, the heart function was assessed by Doppler echocardiography, and then the rats were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital (30 mg·kg-1, ip). The RVSP was measured by the right heart catheterization method. The heart tissues were collected and dissected to calculate the index of RV remodeling (RV/LV+IVS, RV/tibial length, or RV/body weight). Part of the RV samples was fixed with 4%paraformaldehyde for morphological analysis, while other samples were frozen at-80℃for molecular studies (measurements of ANP, BNP,α-SMA, and col?lagen Ⅰ/Ⅲ mRNA expression as well as p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 protein levels). ② To evaluate the effect of magnolol on hypoxia-induced myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, H9c2 or cardiac fibroblasts were divided into 7 groups: the control group, cells were cultured under normal conditions; the hypoxia group, cells were cultured under hypoxic condition (3% O2);the hypoxia plus magnolol 10 mg·kg-1 group, magnolol10μmol·L-1 was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment;the hypoxia plus magnolol 30 mg·kg-1 group, magnolol 20μmol·L-1 was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment;the hypoxia plus TG-101348 group, TG-101348 (a specific inhibitor of JAK2) 1μmol·L-1 was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment;the hypoxia plus JSI-124 group, JSI-124 (a specific inhibitor of JAK2) 1μmol·L-1 was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment;and the hypoxia plus vehicle group, an equal volume of vehicle (DMSO) was added to the culture medium before the hypoxia treatment. At the end of the experiments, the cells were collected for morphological and molecular analysis. RESULTS In vivo, male Sprang-Daley rats were exposed to 10% O2 for 4 weeks to establish an RV remodeling model, which showed hypertrophic and fibrotic features (increases of RV remodeling index, cellular size, hypertrophic and fibrotic marker expression), accompanied by an elevation in phosphorylation levels of JAK2 and STAT3;these changes were attenuated by treating rats with magnolol. In vitro, the cultured H9c2 cells or cardiac fibroblasts were exposed to 3% O2 for 48 h to induce hypertrophy or fibrosis, which showed hypertrophic (increases in cellular size as well as the expression of ANP and BNP) or fibrotic features (increases in the expression of collagenⅠ, collagenⅢandα-SMA). Administration of mag?nolol and TG-101348 or JSI-124 (JAK2 selective inhibitors) could prevent the process of myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, accompanied by the decrease in the phosphorylation level of JAK2 and STAT3. CONCLUSION Magnolol can attenuate RV hypertrophy and fibrosis in hypoxia-induced PAH rats through a mechanism involving inhibition of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the rate of unplanned readmissions for children at 30 days after cardiac surgery, the causes and risk factors for unplanned readmissions for children at 30 days after cardiac surgery.Methods:We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP database to collect studies from inception to August 15, 2020 of unplanned readmission of children after cardiac surgery.RevMan5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis.Results:A total of 13 studies, involving 81 633 patients were included.Meta-analysis results showed that the unplanned readmission rate of children 30 days after cardiac surgery was 11.5%(95% CI 9.9%-13%). Cardiac complications[24%(95% CI 10.7%-45.7%)], infections[18.7%(95% CI 13.7%-25.3%)], respiratory complications[18.0%(95% CI 10.7%-27.5%)], pleural effusion[11.5%(95% CI 8.3%-16.7%)], and gastrointestinal complications[12.3%(95% CI 8.3%-17.4%)] were the main reasons for unplanned 30-day readmission, with statistically significant differences( P<0.001). Genetic syndrome( OR=1.25, 95% CI 1.18-1.33, P<0.05) and postoperative hospital stay >14 days( OR=1.62, 95% CI 1.05-2.50, P<0.05) were risk factors for unplanned 30-day readmission. Conclusion:The incidence rate of unplanned readmission among the children 30 days after cardiac surgery is relatively high.Cardiac complications, infection, respiratory complications, pleural effusion, and gastrointestinal complications are the main reasons for 30-day unplanned readmission.The genetic syndrome and postoperative hospital stay >14 days in children 30 days after cardiac surgery are the risk factors for unplanned readmission.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907402

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the expression of replication factor C4(RFC4) in pancreatic ductal adeno-carcinoma, and to explore the clinical prognosis of RFC4 and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. To explore the possibility of RFC4 as a potential biomarker for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.Methods:The mRNA level of RFC4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and normal tissues adjacent to the cancer was analyzed by bioinformatics methods, and the relationship between its expression and the survival rate of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was analyzed. The clinicopathological data of 76 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression level of RFC4 protein in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue and normal tissues adjacent to the cancer, and to analyze its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.Results:The results of bioinformatics analysis showed that RFC4 mRNA was significantly highly expressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue, and was significantly correlated with the overall survival rate ( P=0.046) and disease-free survival rate ( P=0.042) of the patients. Immunohistochemical results showed that the expression of RFC4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue was significantly higher than that in normal tissues adjacent to the cancer. The high expression of RFC4 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissue was related to tumor size ( P=0.043), but not related to age, gender, and tumor grade (all P>0.05). Conclusions:RFC4 is highly expressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues and indicates a poor prognosis, and its expression level is related to the tumor stage of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. RFC4 may serve as a new prognostic predictor for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

16.
Mycobiology ; : 213-222, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902752

ABSTRACT

Two new species of Fulvifomes are described from specimens collected in rainforests of Nonggang Nature Reserve of southern China, based on morphological characteristics and molecular phylogenetic analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA (nLSU) sequences. Fulvifomes nonggangensis sp. nov. is characterized by perennial, sessile and solitary basidiocarps, applanate pileus, small cystidioles of 9.9–15.4 Â 2.9–3.5 lm, large pores of 5–6 per mm, a dimitic hyphal system, and broadly ellipsoid basidiospores of 4.3–5.3 Â 3.3–4.2 lm. F. tubogeneratus sp. nov. is characterized by perennial, sessile, and imbricate basidiocarps, a duplex context, small pores of 7–8 per mm, a dimitic hyphal system, and ovoid to subglobose basidiospores of 5.72 Â 5.00 lm.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898728

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) plays a critical role in the success of lumbar spinal fusion with autogenous bone graft. This study aims to explore the role and specific mechanism of miR-34c-5p in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: Rabbit model of lumbar fusion was established by surgery. The osteogenic differentiation dataset of mesenchymal stem cells was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed using R language (limma package). The expressions of miR-34c-5p, miR-199a-5p, miR-324-5p, miR-361-5p, RUNX2, OCN and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. ELISA, Alizarin red staining and CCK-8 were used to detect the ALP content, calcium deposition and proliferation of BMSCs. The targeted binding sites between miR-34c-5p and Bcl-2 were predicted by the Target database and verified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. MiR-34c-5p expression was higher in rabbit lumbar fusion model and differentiated BMSCs than normal rabbit or BMSCs. The content of ALP and the deposition of calcium increased with the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Upregulation of miR-34c-5p reduced cell proliferation and promoted ALP content, calcium deposition, RUNX2 and OCN expression compared with the control group. The effects of miR-34c-5p inhibitor were the opposite. In addition, miR-34c-5p negatively correlated with Bcl-2. Upregulation of Bcl-2 reversed the effects of miR-34c-5p on ALP content, calcium deposition, and the expressions of RUNX2 and OCN. @*Conclusions@#miR-34c-5p could promote osteogenic differentiation and suppress proliferation of BMSCs by inhibiting Bcl-2.

18.
Mycobiology ; : 213-222, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895048

ABSTRACT

Two new species of Fulvifomes are described from specimens collected in rainforests of Nonggang Nature Reserve of southern China, based on morphological characteristics and molecular phylogenetic analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA (nLSU) sequences. Fulvifomes nonggangensis sp. nov. is characterized by perennial, sessile and solitary basidiocarps, applanate pileus, small cystidioles of 9.9–15.4 Â 2.9–3.5 lm, large pores of 5–6 per mm, a dimitic hyphal system, and broadly ellipsoid basidiospores of 4.3–5.3 Â 3.3–4.2 lm. F. tubogeneratus sp. nov. is characterized by perennial, sessile, and imbricate basidiocarps, a duplex context, small pores of 7–8 per mm, a dimitic hyphal system, and ovoid to subglobose basidiospores of 5.72 Â 5.00 lm.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891024

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) plays a critical role in the success of lumbar spinal fusion with autogenous bone graft. This study aims to explore the role and specific mechanism of miR-34c-5p in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: Rabbit model of lumbar fusion was established by surgery. The osteogenic differentiation dataset of mesenchymal stem cells was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed using R language (limma package). The expressions of miR-34c-5p, miR-199a-5p, miR-324-5p, miR-361-5p, RUNX2, OCN and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. ELISA, Alizarin red staining and CCK-8 were used to detect the ALP content, calcium deposition and proliferation of BMSCs. The targeted binding sites between miR-34c-5p and Bcl-2 were predicted by the Target database and verified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. MiR-34c-5p expression was higher in rabbit lumbar fusion model and differentiated BMSCs than normal rabbit or BMSCs. The content of ALP and the deposition of calcium increased with the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Upregulation of miR-34c-5p reduced cell proliferation and promoted ALP content, calcium deposition, RUNX2 and OCN expression compared with the control group. The effects of miR-34c-5p inhibitor were the opposite. In addition, miR-34c-5p negatively correlated with Bcl-2. Upregulation of Bcl-2 reversed the effects of miR-34c-5p on ALP content, calcium deposition, and the expressions of RUNX2 and OCN. @*Conclusions@#miR-34c-5p could promote osteogenic differentiation and suppress proliferation of BMSCs by inhibiting Bcl-2.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888638

ABSTRACT

With the advantages of inflatable bone expander in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, the number of applications for registration of such products is increasing. Based on the characteristics of the medical device, this article analyzed and summarized the relevant requirements for the basic information, product performance research, product manufacturing, clinical evaluation, and product instructions that should be focused on the registration application dossiers, as well as comply with the requirements of CMDE. The focus of the registration application for Inflatable Bone Expander should be the standardization of the application dossiers, while the difficulty was the scientific rationality of the research data. Comments and suggestions are provided to relevant practitioners on standardization of registration application dossiers. It may help them to optimize the quality of registration application dossiers while improve the efficiency of registration applications.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
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