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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970180

ABSTRACT

Septal reduction therapies, which include septal myectomy and alcohol septal ablation and so on, are the current treatment strategies for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and drug-refractory symptoms. With the deepening of theoretical understanding and the rapid development of interventional therapies, some researchers have tried to perform transcatheter mitral valve edge-to-edge repair to treat high-risk patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, including obstructive and non-obstructive. The reported results are relatively satisfactory, but many urgent problems need to be solved, such as the lack of data on animal experiments and large cohort studies, and the unknown medium- and long-term outcomes. However, transcatheter mitral valve edge-to-edge repair brings new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. On one hand, it can be used as a monotherapy, on the other hand, it can be combined with novel molecular targeted drug therapy or emerging minimally invasive surgical procedures targeting hypertrophic ventricular septum, which deserves our further attention and exploratory research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Hypertrophy
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1505-1513, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a drug-loaded composite microsphere that can simultaneously release the berberine (BBR) and naringin (NG) to repair infectious bone defects.@*METHODS@#The NG was loaded on mesoporous microspheres (MBG) to obtain the drug-loaded microspheres (NG-MBG). Then the dual drug-loaded compound microspheres (NG-MBG@PDA-BBR) were obtained by wrapping NG-MBG with polydopamine (PDA) and modifying the coated PDA with BBR. The composite microspheres were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, specific surface area and pore volume analyzer, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; the drug loading rate and release of NG and BBR were measured; the colony number was counted and the bacterial inhibition rate was calculated after co-culture with Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli for 12 hours to observe the antibacterial effect; the biocompatibility was evaluated by live/dead cell fluorescence staining and cell counting kit 8 assay after co-culture with rat's BMSCs for 24 and 72 hours, respectively, and the osteogenic property was evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and alizarin red staining after 7 and 14 days, respectively.@*RESULTS@#NG-MBG@PDA-BBR and three control microspheres (MBG, MBG@PDA, and NG-MBG@PDA) were successfully constructed. Scanning electron microscopy showed that NG-MBG@PDA-BBR had a rough lamellar structure, while MBG had a smooth surface, and MBG@PDA and NG-MBG@PDA had a wrapped agglomeration structure. Specific surface area analysis showed that MBG had a mesoporous structure and had drug-loading potential. Low angle X-ray diffraction showed that NG was successfully loaded on MBG. The X-ray diffraction pattern contrast showed that all groups of microspheres were amorphous. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed that NG and BBR peaks existed in NG-MBG@PDA-BBR. NG-MBG@PDA-BBR had good sustained drug release ability, and NG and BBR had early burst release and late sustained release. NG-MBG@PDA-BBR could inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, and the antibacterial ability was significantly higher than that of MBG, MBG@PDA, and NG-MBG@PDA ( P<0.05). But there was a significant difference in biocompatibility at 72 hours among microspheres ( P<0.05). ALP and alizarin red staining showed that the ALP positive area and the number of calcium nodules in NG-MBG@PDA-BBR were significantly higher than those of MBG and NG-MBG ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between NG-MBG@PDA and NG-MBG@PDA ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NG-MBG@PDA-BBR have sustained release effects on NG and BBR, indicating that it has ideal dual performance of osteogenesis and antibacterial property.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Osteogenesis , Delayed-Action Preparations/pharmacology , Microspheres , Berberine/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Escherichia coli
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 58-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969743

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the current situation of fetal heart defects in Yunnan Province and surrounding high altitude areas and the social factors affecting pregnancy outcome. Methods: This is a retrospective study. Pregnant woman who underwent fetal echocardiography and diagnosed as fetal cardiac defects in Yunnan Fuwai Cardiovascular Hospital from June 2017 to January 2021 were included. According to the clinical prognostic risk scoring system and grading criteria of fetal cardiac birth defects, the cases were divided into grade Ⅰ to Ⅳ. The disease distribution and proportion of each prognostic grade, pregnancy outcomes were analyzed and compared. The cases were divided into continued pregnancy group and terminated pregnancy group according to pregnancy outcome. The social factors that may affect the selection of pregnancy outcomes were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 4 929 fetal echocardiography examination data were collected, and 4 464 cases (90.57%) were from Yunnan Province and surrounding high altitude areas. 2 166 cases of heart defects were finally analyzed, including 998 cases of congenital heart disease (CHD), 93 cases of cardiac tumors, cardiomyopathy and arrhythmia, 1 075 cases of foramen ovale, ductus arteriosus abnormalities and normal variations. The pregnant women were (29.2±5.0) years old with (25.6±3.8) gestational weeks. The number of cases with prognostic grade from Ⅰ to Ⅳ was 1 037 (47.88%), 620 (28.62%), 314 (14.50%), and 44 (2.03%), respectively. And 151 cases (6.97%) were not classified. The cases of normal variation and thin aortic arch development accounted for 42.66% (924/2 166), 5.22% (113/2 166), respectively. The top 3 diseases of grade Ⅱ were ventricular septal defect, coarctation of aorta and mild-moderate pulmonary stenosis, respectively, and their distribution was 11.63% (252/2 166), 3.92% (85/2 166) and 2.35% (51/2 166) respectively in all cases of heart defects, and 25.25% (252/998), 8.52% (85/998) and 5.11% (51/998) respectively in cases of CHD. Among the cases rated as grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ, most of them were complicated congenital heart disease, and the disease types are scattered. The more common cases in grade Ⅲ were complete transposition of great arteries (accounting for 2.40% (52/2 166) of all cases with heart defects, 5.21% (52/998) of all cases with CHD) and pulmonary artery occlusion (type Ⅰ to Ⅲ) with ventricular septal defect (accounting for 2.17% (47/2 166) of all cases with heart defects, and 4.71% (47/998) of all cases with CHD). In grade Ⅳ, single ventricle (0.74% (16/2 166) of all cases with heart defects, 1.60% (16/998) of all cases with CHD) and left ventricular dysplasia syndrome (0.65% (14/2 166) of all cases with heart defects, 1.40% (14/998) of all cases with CHD) are more common. A total of 1 084 cases were successfully followed up, and 675 cases were born, 392 cases were terminated, spontaneous abortion occurred in 17 cases. The proportion of terminated pregnancy cases was significantly increased from grade Ⅰ to Ⅳ, accounting for 5.24% (21/401), 27.78% (70/252), 89.54% (214/239) and 95.56% (43/45), respectively. Among the terminated pregnancy cases, those with grade Ⅲ accounted for the highest proportion (54.59% (214/392)). The distribution of terminated pregnancy cases was mainly complex congenital malformations or diseases with very poor prognosis (pregnancy outcome grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ), and proportion of terminated pregnancy with pregnancy outcome grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ cases (normal variation or good prognosis) accounted for 5.36% (21/392) and 17.86% (70/392), respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pregnant women with low education (high school and below: OR=2.73, 95%CI 1.26-5.93, P<0.001; illiteracy: OR=3.27, 95%CI 1.29-7.10, P<0.001) and low family income (Annual income<100 000 yuan: OR=2.47, 95%CI 1.69-5.12, P<0.001) were more likely to choose termination of pregnancy in case of fetal heart defect. Conclusion: In Yunnan province and the surrounding high altitude areas, the disease distribution of fetal heart defect is mainly simple or low-risk disease, but the complex malformation, especially the disease with poor pregnancy outcome, accounts for a relative high proportion. Pregnancy termination also occurs in some cases with good pregnancy outcome. The education level and family income of pregnant women may affect their choice of pregnancy outcome in case of fetal heart defect.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Altitude , China/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Echocardiography , Fetal Heart/diagnostic imaging
4.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1102-1109, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960531

ABSTRACT

Background Domestic waste classification is one of the major livelihood projects in China. With the introduction of the Shanghai Household Waste Management Regulation in 2019, the work of domestic waste classification has been carried out nationwide, yet its potential risks especially those derived from microorganisms are not clear. Objective To investigate the microbial characteristics of the domestic waste in typical residential areas in Shanghai, and provide a theoretical basis for health protection during the domestic waste classification process in Shanghai and throughout China. Methods Dry and wet waste from a typical residential community in Shanghai were collected during 2019–2020. Microbial colonies were counted in domestic waste and analyzed for growth patterns. Then through 16S rRNA sequencing using lllumina PE250, hierarchical clustering analysis was conducted to reveal the similarity and dissimilarity of community compositions in different domestic waste groups, alpha diversity was estimated to reflect the richness and diversity of bacterial communities, principal co-ordinates analysis of unweighted UniFrac distance was performed to estimate the beta diversity, and linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) was used to find features differentially represented among domestic waste groups. Results In the chosen typical residential community of this study, the numbers of microorganisms in waste were quite different, with lower numbers of microorganisms in dry waste than the numbers in wet waste. In addition, different growth curves of microorganisms were shown for different seasons, and the peak baterial colony numbers were 200 CFU·cm−2, 6×105 CFU·mL−1, 10 CFU·cm−2, and 2×106 CFU·mL−1 for summer dry waste, summer wet waste, winter dry waste, and winter wet waste, respectively. The results of 16S RNA demonstrated significant differences in α and β diversity indicators among different waste groups, and the difference in waste classifications was larger than the difference of the same classification of waste in different seasons. The main compositions of bacterial colonies in domestic waste was Proteobacteria, followed by Firmicute and Bacteroidota. The clustering analysis showed that the microbial composition in summer dry waste was close to that in winter dry waste, while other groups were quite different. In total 48 differential bacterial taxa were found at the level of genus including Pseudomonas and Pantoea. Conclusion Different seasons and different classifications of domestic waste present varied microbial characteristics, with different potential pathogenic microorganisms. Together with other related studies, we suggest that different measures should be taken for different domestic wastes to prevent and control the health hazards associated with waste classification.

5.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 827-832, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960488

ABSTRACT

Recently, the adverse health effects of air pollution on human have attracted more and more attentions. Particulate matters (such as PM2.5 and PM10, with aerodynamic diameters ≤2.5 and ≤10 µm, respectively) and ozone are the major ambient pollutants in China. A large number of studies have shown that exposure to particulate matters or ozone induces metabolic abnormalities, such as type 2 diabetes. However, the underlying biological mechanisms are not clear. In this review, we introduced the epidemiological and toxicological research progress of the effects of air pollutants on hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Considering the critical role of HPA axis in stress response, the molecular mechanisms of HPA axis-mediated glucose metabolism in fat, liver, muscle, and other tissues were also summarized. By integrating relevant literature and references, we proposed that HPA axis may play an important role in the abnormal glucose metabolism caused by air pollution, providing a scientific basis for future studies on the intervention methods of adverse health effects induced by air pollution.

6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 919-921, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887507

ABSTRACT

To summarize professor


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Facial Paralysis/therapy , Needles
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2685-2691, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921223

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nitinol-containing devices are widely used in clinical practice. However, there are concerns about nickel release after nitinol-containing device implantation. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of a parylene-coated occluder vs. a traditional nitinol-containing device for atrial septal defect (ASD).@*METHODS@#One-hundred-and-eight patients with ASD were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to either the trial group to receive a parylene-coated occluder (n = 54) or the control group to receive a traditional occluder (n = 54). The plugging success rate at 6 months after device implantation and the pre- and post-implantation serum nickel levels were compared between the two groups. A non-inferiority design was used to prove that the therapeutic effect of the parylene-coated device was non-inferior to that of the traditional device. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared test with adjustment for central effects was used for the comparison between groups.@*RESULTS@#At 6 months after implantation, successful ASD closure was achieved in 52 of 53 patients (98.11%) in both the trial and control groups (95% confidence interval (CI): [-4.90, 5.16]) based on per-protocol set analysis. The absolute value of the lower limit of the 95% CI was 4.90%, which was less than the specified non-inferiority margin of 8%. No deaths or severe complications occurred during 6 months of follow-up. The serum nickel levels were significantly increased at 2 weeks and reached the maximum value at 1 month after implantation in the control group (P  0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of a parylene-coated ASD occluder is non-inferior to that of a traditional uncoated ASD occluder. The parylene-coated occluder prevents nickel release after device implantation and may be an alternative for ASD, especially in patients with a nickel allergy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Catheterization , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Polymers , Prospective Studies , Prosthesis Design , Septal Occluder Device/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Xylenes
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 467-473, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941303

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of transbrachial access for interventional therapy on prosthetic paravalvular leak (PVL) post surgical valve replacement. Methods: This is a retrospective study. Patients with PVL after surgical valve replacement who underwent interventional therapy via the brachial artery approach in Structural heart disease center of Fuwai hospital between August 2017 and October 2019, were included. All patients underwent puncture of the brachial artery under local anesthesia, angiography and transcatheter closure procedure were performed. The procedure was performed under transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) guidance. Baseline data, operation data and pre-and post-operative TTE examination results were collected and analyzed. Postoperative complications were recorded and operational adverse events were obtained during follow up in the outpatient department after discharge. The operation success rate was calculated, which was defined as the degree of perivalvular regurgitation decrease by 1 grade and above according to TTE without interfering the valve movement and coronary artery blood flow within 30 days after occluder placement. Results: A total of 10 patients were enrolled in this study, the mean age was (57.5±14.6) years, and 6 patients were males. There were 7 cases with aortic PVL, and 3 cases with mitral PVL. Except for one patient who was converted to the femoral vein-transseptal approach, the other 9 patients were successfully implanted with the devices via the brachial artery approach. The operation time was (103.3±34.0) minutes, and there was no need for rigorous bed rest after the operation. The median hospital stay was 7.5 (3.0, 9.8) days. The operation success rate was 9/10 via the brachial artery approach. The differences in the degree of perivalvular regurgitation, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, left ventricular end diastolic diameter and left atrial diameter before and after operation were statistically significant (all P<0.05). One case developed new hemolysis with renal insufficiency on the second day after procedure and discharged after successful dialysis. Another case experienced complication of brachial artery pseudoaneurysm after procedure and discharged after successful treatment with thrombin injection. The mean follow-up time was (14.3±7.9) months. During the follow-up, NYHA classification remained as Ⅰ/Ⅱ in 9 patients, no operational adverse events were observed. Conclusions: Transbrachial access for interventional therapy on PVL post surgical valve replacement is a feasible, effective, and safe procedure. It has the advantages of simplifying the operation process and reducing postoperative bed rest time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Valve/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization , Feasibility Studies , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Instruments , Treatment Outcome
9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1651-1655, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880778

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of BIRC6 in renal cancer tissues and investigate the effect of BIRC6 silencing on apoptosis and autophagy of 786-O cells.@*METHODS@#Twenty surgical specimens of renal cancer tissues and adjacent renal tissues were collected from Meizhou People's Hospital between February, 2016 and December, 2018 for detection of BIRC6 protein expression using immunohistochemistry. Renal cancer 786-O cells were transfected with a control small interfering RNA (siRNA) or BIRC6 siRNA @*RESULTS@#The expression of BIRC6 protein was significantly higher in renal cancer tissues than in the adjacent renal tissues. Western blotting showed that siRNA-mediated silencing of BIRC6 significantly lowered the expression of BIRC6 in 786-O cells. In the cells with BIRC6 silencing, treatment with 12.5, 25, 50, 100 and 200 μg/mL 5-FU resulted in significantly higher proliferation inhibition rates than in the cells transfected with the control siRNA (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Interference of BIRC6 mediated by siRNA can inhibit autophagy and promote 5-FU-induced apoptosis to enhance the sensitivity of 786-O cells to 5-FU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 44-49, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734202

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of 3D printed modeling used to assist internal fixation for pelvic fractures.Methods The databases,Pubmed,EMBase,Cochrane library,CNKI,Wanfang and VIP,from initiation till August 2018,were searched for the controlled studies comparing surgery assisted by 3D printed modeling and conventional surgery in the treatment of pelvic fractures.The 2 groups were compared in terms of surgical time,blood loss,Matta score for reduction,Majeed score for functional recovery and complications.This meta-analysis was performed using software RevMan 5.3.Results A total of 6 relative controlled studies were included for this analysis involving 513 patients.There were 221 cases in the 3D printed modeling group and 292 ones in the conventional group.Our Meta-analysis showed that there were significant differences between the 2 groups in surgical time (MD =-48.11,95% CI:-74.16 ~-22.06,P <0.05),blood loss (MD=-250.63,95% CI:-337.42~-163.84,P <0.05) and Matta score for reduction (OR =1.85,95% CI:1.07 ~ 3.20,P =0.03),favoring the 3D printed modeling group.No statistically significant difference was found between the 2 group in the rate of complications (OR =0.61,95% CI:0.32 ~ 1.17,P =0.14).Conclusion Assistance with 3D printed modeling may help the surgery for pelvic fractures to shorten surgery time,decrease blood loss and improve reduction quality.

11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 677-683, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To illustrate the molecular mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on knee osteoarthritis (OA).@*METHODS@#Twenty-seven six-month-old New Zealand white rabbits were allocated into three groups in accordance with a random number table: normal group (no surgery-induced OA; without treatment), model group (surgery-induced OA; without treatment) and EA group [surgery-induced OA; received treatment with EA at acupoints Dubi (ST 35) and Neixiyan (EX-LE 5), 30 min twice a day]. After eight consecutive weeks of treatment, the histopathological alterations in cartilage were observed using optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, cartilage degeneration was evaluated by modified Mankin's score principles, the synovial fluid concentration of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the protein expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, MMP-3, IκB kinase-β (IKK-β), nuclear factor of α light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor α (IκB-α) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65 were quantified by Western blot analysis.@*RESULTS@#EA treatment significantly improved cartilage structure arrangement and reduced cellular degeneration. The IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and MMP-3 of synovial fluid in the EA-treated group were significantly decreased compared with the model group (all P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, MMP-3, IKK-β and NF-κB p65 protein expressions in cartilage of EA-treated group were significantly decreased (all P<0.01), whereas IκB-α expression was significantly up-regulated (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment may delay cartilage degeneration by down-regulating inflammatory factors through NF-κB signaling pathway, which may, in part, explain its clinical efficacy in the treatment of knee OA.

12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 128-132, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effects of auricular gold-needle therapy on chronic fatigue syndrome of deficiency constitution and explore its potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients were randomized into an auricular gold-needle therapy group, an auricular point pressure therapy group and a Chinese herb group, 40 cases in each one. Additionally, a health control group (40 cases) was set up, without any intervention. In the auricular gold-needle therapy group, the gold needle was used to stimulate the auricular points on one side and the cowherb seed pressure therapy on the other side. In the auricular point pressure therapy group, the cowherb seed pressure therapy was adopted only on one side. The auricular points were shen (CO), xin (CO), fei (CO), pizhixia (AT), etc. in the two groups. The auricular points on both sides were used alternatively. The treatment was given once a week, 4 treatments as one course and the consecutive 3 courses of treatment were required. In the Chinese herb group, was prescribed for oral administration, 6 g, twice a day, the medication for 1 month was as one session and the consecutive 3 sessions of medication were required. Before and after treatment, separately, the clinical symptom score, the levels of the serum immunoglobulins, i.e. IgA, IgG and IgM were observed in the patients of the three groups. The therapeutic effects were evaluated in the three groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 90.0% (36/40) in the auricular gold-needle therapy group, better than 80.0% (32/40) in the auricular point pressure therapy group and 82.5% (33/40) in the Chinese herb group (both <0.05). Before treatment, the clinical symptom scores of the patients in the three groups were obviously higher than the health control group (all <0.001). After treatment, the symptom scores were all reduced as compared the scores before treatment in the three groups (all <0.001) and the symptom scores in the auricular gold-needle therapy group were better than the auricular point pressure therapy group and the Chinese herb group (both <0.01). Before treatment, the levels of serum IgA, IgG and IgM of the patients in the three groups were lower than the health control group (all <0.001). The levels were all improved after treatment in the three groups (all <0.01), and the levels in the auricular gold-needle therapy group was better than the auricular point pressure therapy group and the Chinese herb group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The auricular gold-needle therapy achieves the significant therapeutic effects on chronic fatigue syndrome of deficiency constitution and its mechanism is probably related to the regulation of immune function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic , Gold , Qi , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 761-765, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011855

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the levels of IL-22 in thymus damaged by γ-ray total body irradiation (TBI), and to study the role of IL-22 in T cell reconstitution after thymic injury induced by TBI. Methods: To induce thymic injury, mice were treated by sub-lethal TBI. Levels of intra-thymic and circulatory IL-22 were detected by using ELISA assay. Untreated mice were used as control. After receiving sub-lethal TBI, mice were intraperitoneally injected with PBS or recombinant mouse IL-22, which were marked as TBI+PBS or TBI+IL-22, respectively. Mice were monitored for counts of total thymic cells and circulatory white blood cells. Flow cytometry was applied to analyze percentages of thymic epithelial cells (TEC), thymocyte subsets and circulatory T cells. Real-time PCR assay was applied to analyze the mRNA expression levels of Foxn1, Ccl25, Aire and Dll4 in thymus. Results: ①Sub-lethal TBI treated mice expressed higher levels of intra-thymic and circulatory IL-22, compared with untreated ones (all P<0.05). ②After injection of recombinant IL-22, TBI+IL-22 mice had higher levels of intra-thymic IL-22 than TBI+PBS mice (all P<0.05). ③On day 14 after irradiation, real-time PCR assay showed that TBI+IL-22 mice had higher mRNA levels of Foxn1, Ccl25, Aire and Dll4 in thymus compared with TBI+PBS ones. Meanwhile, the TBI+IL-22 mice had higher counts of total thymic cells[(5.93±3.19)×10(6)/ml vs (1.42±0.46)×10(6)/ml, t=3.128, P=0.033] and circulatory white blood cells[(3.08±0.94)×10(6)/ml vs (1.43±0.30)×10(6)/ml, t=3.730, P=0.015] than those of TBI+PBS mice. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that TBI+IL-22 mice had higher counts of TEC and thymocytes than TBI+PBS mice on day 14 after irradiation (all P<0.05). On days 7 and 14 after irradiation, TBI+IL-22 mice had higher counts of circulatory white blood cells and T cells than TBI+PBS mice (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Sub-lethal TBI induces upregulation of intra-thymic IL-22, and injecting of recombinant IL-22 increases level of IL-22 in thymus. Injecting of recombinant IL-22 improves recovery of TEC and increases numbers of thymocyte subsets and circulatory T cell after thymic injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Interleukins , Radiation, Ionizing , T-Lymphocytes , Thymus Gland , Whole-Body Irradiation , Interleukin-22
14.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1080-1084, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703929

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present first-in-human study aimed to assess the feasibility of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) for the treatment of isolated mitral stenosis (MS) under echocardiography guidance only. Methods: Data were obtained from 24 consecutive patients with severe MS, who underwent PBMV from October 2016 to October 2017 under the guidance of echocardiography only. Outpatient follow-up including chest radiography, electrocardiography, and transthoracic echocardiography was conducted at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post procedure. Results: PBMV was successful in all 24 patients under echocardiography guidance without radiation and contrast agent. Mitral transvalvular pressure gradient derived invasive catheterization measurement dropped from(15.0±5.1) mmHg to (6.7±2.9) mmHg (P<0.01). Mitral valve area increased from (0.8±0.1) cm2at pre-PBMV to (1.7±0.1) cm2post-PBMV (P<0.01). Mean balloon diameter was (26.7±1.2) mm. Mild mitral regurgitation developed in 8 patients. Mean follow-up duration was (7.4±3.1) months. At the last follow-up, mitral valve area remained high (1.6±0.1) cm2and mean transmitral pressure gradient remained low (9.0±4.3) mmHg. No pericardial effusion or peripheral vascular complications occurred. Conclusions: In this patient cohort, PBMV could be successfully performed with echocardiography as the single imaging guidance modality, this procedure is safe and effective and avoids the radiation exposure and contrast agent use.

15.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 79-82, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703820

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of pulmonary vein deployment technique for percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) solely under echocardiography guidance. Methods: A total of 38 ASD patients received pulmonary vein deployment in our hospital from 2012-10 to 2016-09 since the conventional method could not deliver the occluder to correct place. The patients were with the mean age at (16.0±15.6) years, body weight at (37.2±22.9) kg and ASD diameter at (17.1±4.2) mm. Operative effect was assessed by echocardiography. Follow-up study was conducted at 1, 3, 6, 12 months post-operation and at each year thereafter. Results: 37 patients were successfully finished pulmonary vein deployment for percutaneous closure of ASD solely under echocardiography guidance. One patient was successfully treated by a controlled steerable sheath. The mean operative time was (25.2±5.1) min and mean diameter of ASD occluder was (22.9±5.6) mm. 2 patients had trivial residual shunt at the early post-operative stage. No peripheral vascular injury, pulmonary vein and cardiac perforation occurred. All 38 patients were recovered and discharged. The average in-hospital time was (2.9±0.7) days. The patients were followed-up for (23.9±15.4) months, without complications of residual shunt, pericardial effusion, aortic regurgitation and pulmonary vein stenosis. Conclusion: Pulmonary vein deployment technique for percutaneous closure of ASD solely under echocardiography guidance was safe and effective; it can avoid radiation damage and provided a simple and practical method for ASD patients who failed to conventional method under echocardiography guidance.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 761-765, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810203

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the levels of IL-22 in thymus damaged by γ-ray total body irradiation (TBI), and to study the role of IL-22 in T cell reconstitution after thymic injury induced by TBI.@*Methods@#To induce thymic injury, mice were treated by sub-lethal TBI. Levels of intra-thymic and circulatory IL-22 were detected by using ELISA assay. Untreated mice were used as control. After receiving sub-lethal TBI, mice were intraperitoneally injected with PBS or recombinant mouse IL-22, which were marked as TBI+PBS or TBI+IL-22, respectively. Mice were monitored for counts of total thymic cells and circulatory white blood cells. Flow cytometry was applied to analyze percentages of thymic epithelial cells (TEC), thymocyte subsets and circulatory T cells. Real-time PCR assay was applied to analyze the mRNA expression levels of Foxn1, Ccl25, Aire and Dll4 in thymus.@*Results@#①Sub-lethal TBI treated mice expressed higher levels of intra-thymic and circulatory IL-22, compared with untreated ones (all P<0.05). ②After injection of recombinant IL-22, TBI+IL-22 mice had higher levels of intra-thymic IL-22 than TBI+PBS mice (all P<0.05). ③On day 14 after irradiation, real-time PCR assay showed that TBI+IL-22 mice had higher mRNA levels of Foxn1, Ccl25, Aire and Dll4 in thymus compared with TBI+PBS ones. Meanwhile, the TBI+IL-22 mice had higher counts of total thymic cells[(5.93±3.19)×106/ml vs (1.42±0.46)×106/ml, t=3.128, P=0.033] and circulatory white blood cells[(3.08±0.94)×106/ml vs (1.43±0.30)×106/ml, t=3.730, P=0.015] than those of TBI+PBS mice. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that TBI+IL-22 mice had higher counts of TEC and thymocytes than TBI+PBS mice on day 14 after irradiation (all P<0.05). On days 7 and 14 after irradiation, TBI+IL-22 mice had higher counts of circulatory white blood cells and T cells than TBI+PBS mice (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Sub-lethal TBI induces upregulation of intra-thymic IL-22, and injecting of recombinant IL-22 increases level of IL-22 in thymus. Injecting of recombinant IL-22 improves recovery of TEC and increases numbers of thymocyte subsets and circulatory T cell after thymic injury.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 21-25, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278726

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<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between serum albumin and renal function in patients with acute leukemia (AL) and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data and related test results of 267 newly diagnosed patients with acute leukemia from April 2015 to April 2017 were collected for retrospective cross-sectional analysis. Multivariate regression model was used for statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The creatinine level in serum of newly diagnosed acute leukemia patients decreased with the increase of albumin level (the first quartile-the fourth quartile had an average creatinine level of 72.0 µmol/L, 65.2 µmol/L, 62.8 µmol/L, 58.6 µmol/L); Multiple regression model results showed that each elevated albumin 1 g/L, the serum creatinine level decreased 0.89 µmol/L. The serum albumin was grouped into the model by quartile, and the first quartile was used as the reference group. With the increase of albunin, the β value decreased steply (the second and fourth quartile β values were -12.7, -14.81, -15.98), the trend line test p value was <0.05.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serum albumin negatively correlats with creatinine level in newly diagnosed acute leukemia patients, and its elevation shows protective effect on renal function.</p>

18.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3229-3232, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667463

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Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of nebulized hypertonic saline solution in infant with bronchiolitis.Methods From January 2014 to January 2016,95 patients at 3-13 months old in our hospital who diagnosed as bronchiolitis were randomly divided into three groups.On the basis of conventional suit support treatment,the observation group A was given nebulized 3% hypertonic saline (n =32),the observation group B was given nebulized 3% hypertonic saline and salbutamol (n =32),and the control group C was given nebulized normal saline (0.9%) and salbutamol (n =31),this therapy was repeated every 6 hours until discharge.The Lowell score,clinical symptoms remission time,days of hospitalization and incidence rate of adverse reaction of the three groups were compared.Results After treatment,the symptoms and signs of the three groups were all improved.The Lowell scores were lower in the two observation groups compared to the control group C in 24,48,72 hours after treatment[(5.81 ±1.53) points and (5.85 ± 1.37) points vs.(6.61 ± 1.54) points,(4.75 ± 1.34) points and (4.72 ± 1.30) points vs.(5.52 ± 1.29) points,(3.19 ± 1.15) points and (3.22 ± 1.16) points vs.(3.90 ± 1.01) points,Z =-1.999,-2.241,-2.518 and-2.002,-2.335,-2.316,all P < 0.05).And the cough,wheezing remission time and pulmonary rales disappearance time,days of hospitalization in the two observation groups were also shorter,there were statistically significant differences [(6.63 ± 1.41) d and (6.56 ± 1.37) d vs.(7.35 ± 1.25) d,(5.19 ± 1.03) d and (5.25 ± 1.05)d vs.(5.87 ± 1.09)d,(5.75 ±1.34)d and (5.72 ± 1.51)d vs.(6.68 ± 1.60)d,(7.25 ± 1.37)d and (7.16±1.48)d vs.(8.10±l.47)d,Z=-2.498,-2.469,-2.359,-2.213 and-2.982,-2.405,-2.373,-2.222,P <0.05,or P <0.01)].There were no significant differences in the Lowell score,the length of time of cough,wheeze,lung rales disappears and the length of hospital stay between the observation group A and observation groupB[(5.81 ± 1.53) points vs.(5.85 ± 1.37) points,(4.75 ± 1.34) points vs.(4.72 ±1.30) points,(3.19± 1.15) points vs.(3.22 ± 1.16) points,(6.63 ± 1.41) d vs.(6.56 ± 1.37) d,(5.19 ±1.03)d vs.(5.25 ± 1.05)d,(5.75 ± 1.34) d vs.(5.72 ± 1.51) d,(7.25 ± 1.37) d vs.(7.16 ± 1.48) d,Z =-0.164,-0.021,-0.140,-0.295,-0.167,-0.374,-0.233,all P > 0.05].Children in three groups had no serious adverse events (all P > 0.05).Conclusion Nebulized hypertonic saline in the treatment of bronchiolitis can relieve symptoms and signs,shorten the hospitalization time,and has less adverse reaction,it is worthy of clinical use.

19.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 457-461,封3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615452

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Objective To investigate the molecular mechanism of solanine-induced apoptosis of prostate cancer cells Du145 and LNCaP.Methods The effects of solanine on the viability of Du145 and LNCaP cells were evaluated by MTT assay.The generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and solanine-induced apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry.The protein levels of p38 and p-p38 expressions were examined by Western blot.Results Solanine significantly inhibited the viability of Du145 and LNCaP cells in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.01).The inhibition of solanine on cell viability was suppressed by the ROS scavenger NAC.ROS generation,apoptosis and phosphorylation of p38 were induced by treatment with solanine at 40 μmol/L for 24 h.The expression of p38 and solanine-induced apoptosis were suppressed by NAC and SB203580.Conclusion Solanine induces the apoptosis of human prostate cancer cell via the RO.S-p38 signaling pathway.

20.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2768-2771, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614532

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To analyze the clinical significance of serial microproteinuria and urease detection in early diagnosis of antibiotics damage to kidney by observing the changes of urine microalbumin/creatinine ratio (mAlb/Cr),transferrin (TRF),IgG,α1-microglobulin (α1-M G),β2-microglobulin (β2-M G),retinol-binding pmtein(RBP) and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase(NAG).Methods A total of 161 children with pneumonia whose test results were normal of urine protein,blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Scr),and had no related history of kidney diseases were selected.All the patients were divided into three groups according to antibiotics for the treatment,the penicillins (penicillin G,amoxicillin and potassium clavulanate,ticarcillin and potassium clavulanate) group,the cephalosporins (cefazolin,cefuroxime,ceftriaxone,cefoperazone,ceftazidime) group and the macrolides (erythromycin,azithromycin) group.Changes of mAlb/Cr,TRF,IgG,α1-MG,β2-MG,RBP,NAG,BUN,Scr levels of the patients one week before and after use the antibiotics were observed,and statistically analyzed.Results In the penicillins group and macrolides group,the results showed that none of the serial microproteinuria and urease changed(all P > 0.05).In the cephalosporins group,the urine mAlb/Cr,TRF,β2-MG and NAG were higher than before using the antibiotics [(15.56 ± 5.98) mg/g vs.(21.08 ± 10.88) mg/g,(1.61 ± 0,14)mg/L vs.(1.66 ±0.14) mg/L,(0.25 ±0.09)mg/L vs.(0.28 ±0.11)mg/L,(4.62 ±3.80) U/L vs.(4.98 ±3.97) U/L,t =-5.11,-3.24,-2.29,-2.04,P < 0.05 ~ 0.001].The levels of BUN and Scr revealed no change in all the patients(all P > 0.05).Conclusion Combined detection of serial microproteinuria and urease has great clinical significance in judgment and warning of early renal damage by antibiotics.

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