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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 431-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the precision of 3D printing coplanar template (3D-PCT) assisted CT-guided radioactive particle implantation using two types of phantoms, and compare the differences between the phantoms, in order to provide reference for radioactive particle implantation.Methods:The needle inserting path was designed in the brachytherapy treatment planning system (BTPS) and the needle tip coordinates were obtained. Following the needle inserting path, the implant needles were inserted into the custom and the liver phantoms, respectively. Then gold markers were implanted through the needles. Subsequently, the needles were withdrawn by 10 mm, and the cold sources were implanted. The coordinates of needle tips, gold markers, and cold sources were recorded. The precision of implanted needles, first particles, and particles after needle withdrawal were obtained by calculating the distance between two points in the space. Finally, the differences between the two phantoms were compared through independent samples t-test. Results:In the 3D-PCT-assisted CT-guided radioactive particle implantation, the precision of implanted needles, first particles, and particles after needle withdrawal in the custom and the liver phantoms was (1.89±0.72) and (2.14±0.88 ) mm ( P>0.05), (2.03±1.14) and (2.42±1.12) mm ( P>0.05), and (-1.96±1.29) and (-2.82±0.91) mm ( t=2.09, P=0.046), respectively. Conclusions:The 3D-PCT-assisted CT-guided radioactive particle implantation is efficient, stable, and precise, showing slight precision differences between the two phantoms.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 703-711, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940929

ABSTRACT

Surgery is so far the most effective treatment for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Since the 1990s, the pathology spectrum of early-stage lung cancer has gradually changed because of the increased detection of ground-glass opacity (GGO). The findings from preoperative thin-section computed tomography are strong predictors for the invasiveness and lymph node involvement of GGO, and limited surgery is believed to be implemented safely for radiological less invasive lesions, which calls into question the dominance of lobectomy. After the JCOG0201 trial establishing the radiologic criteria of pathological noninvasiveness for lung adenocarcinoma, the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG) and the West Japan Oncology Group (WJOG) have successively carried out a series of prospective imaging-guided trials to investigate the optimal surgical procedure for early-stage lung cancer. JCOG0804, was a single-arm, non-randomized, confirmatory trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sublobar resection (wedge resection and segmentectomy) for GGO dominant peripheral lung cancer. The primary end point was 5-year relapse-free survival. JCOG0802/WJOG4607L, was a multicentre, open-label, phase 3, randomized, controlled, non-inferiority trial to investigate if segmentectomy was non-inferior to lobectomy in patients with small-sized peripheral NSCLC. The primary endpoint was 5-year overall survival. JCOG1211 was also a non-randomized confirmatory trial to confirm the efficacy of a segmentectomy for clinical T1N0 lung cancer with dominant GGO. The primary endpoint was 5-year relapse-free survival. The findings of JCOG0804 and JCOG0802, and the primary analysis results of JCOG1211 have been officially published. This article systematically reviewed and interpreted the results of the JCOG lung cancer surgery trial series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Clinical Trials as Topic , Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic , Japan , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
3.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 684-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960465

ABSTRACT

Background Heavy metal pollution in cultivated land will affect crop yield and quality, as well as groundwater quality, ecological security, and human health. Objective To analyze the pollution status of heavy metal elements such as chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in cultivated soils of the Donghe River Basin in Chenzhou City, and to evaluate the environmental quality of local cultivated soil. Methods A total of 16 samples of cultivated soil from the Donghe River Basin in Chenzhou City were collected, and the contents of Cr, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb in the samples were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The Nemerow comprehensive pollution index method (the evaluation indicators included both Nemerow comprehensive pollution index and single pollution index), the geological accumulation index method, and the potential ecological risk index method were used to evaluate the soil environmental quality. Results The average levels of Cr, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb in the soil samples in the study area were 58.25, 49.50, 273.88, 137.76, 2.92, and 672.29 mg·kg−1, respectively. The average values of Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb were all exceeded the background values of soil elements in Hunan Province. The single pollution indices of As, Cd, Pb, and Zn in soil were 4.40, 9.74, 5.85, and 1.15 respectively. The contamination of As and Pb reached 93.75% and 81.25% respectively. The geological accumulation indices of soil As, Cd, Pb, and Zn were 2.11, 3.71, 2.97, and 0.58, respectively, which showed heavy Cd pollution, moderate As and Pb pollution, and slight Zn pollution. The potential ecological hazard indices of soil Cr, Cu, Zn, As, Pb, and Cd were 1.63, 9.07, 2.90, 87.75, 113.18, and 695.76. 81.Twenty five percent of Cd samples showed heavy pollution and above, and 62.50% of Pb samples had moderate pollution and above. The Nemerow comprehensive pollution index was 7.72, which belonged to heavy pollution; and the comprehensive potential ecological risk index was 910.29, which belonged to high ecological risk. Conclusion There are certain differences in the results of different evaluation methods. The cultivated soils of the Donghe River Basin in Chenzhou City, is seriously polluted by heavy metals, and Cd, As, and Pb are the main polluting elements.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6323-6330, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921791

ABSTRACT

Under the background of the Belt and Road Initiative, the exchange of traditional medicine has become inevitable. China and Thailand are amicable neighbors, and the cooperation between the two countries in the field of traditional medicine has become increasingly close in recent years. Nevertheless, on account of the differences in culture, region, politics, economy and so on, the two countries have common features and unique characteristics in the theoretical system of traditional medicine, quality standard control of medicinal materials, research and development and use of medicinal materials. This paper summarizes the similarities and differences as well as the development opportunities of traditional medicine between China and Thailand. The specific content involves the development history, resources, and use of medicinal resources in Thailand, the main achievements and existing problems of modern research of Thai medicine, the spread and development of Chinese medicine in Thailand, and the spread and development of Thai medicine in China. Furthermore, the paper outlines the recent situation of traditional medicine interflow and cooperation between the two countries, and predicts the prospects for cooperation and development of traditional medicine between China and Thailand in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative, especially in the joint research and development and the improvement of quality standards of important medicinal plant varieties commonly used by the two countries and circulated across the border. Through the exchange and mutual learning, we can step up the traditional medicine cooperation between China and Thailand, which will provide advantageous conditions for the safety of medicine use as well as political and social stability between the two countries.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Research , Thailand
5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 807-810, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822491

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between nutritional status and puberty onset in boys, and to provide a reference for promoting the development of physical and mental health of boys.@*Methods@#A total of 2 724 boys aged 7 to 12 years from grade 2 to 6 were recruited from Xiamen city by cluster sampling method in 2017. The nutritional status was assessed by physical examination, pubertal developmental status was evaluated by rating scales of Tanner and Prader orchidometer, and puberty timing was determined by the P25 age of puberty onset. The association between nutritional status and puberty onset was estimated by logistic regression model.@*Results@#Pubertal onset was found in 29.0% of the boys and the incidence of early pubertal timing was 2.9%. The prevalence of puberty onset in wasting, normal weight, overweight and obesity boys was 19.6%, 28.7%, 34.4% and 31.5%, respectively. The age of puberty onset was significantly earlier in obese boys (F=3.23, P<0.05). The results of Logistic regression analysis showed that with the increase of BMI, the possibility of puberty onset and risk of early pubertal timing increased. After adjusting for confounding factors, the odds of puberty onset in boys with wasting decreased by 64.0% (OR=0.36, 95%CI=0.22-0.60), the possibility of puberty onset and risk of early pubertal timing in boys with obesity increased by 78.3% (OR=1.78, 95%CI=1.14-2.79) and 192.9% (OR=2.93, 95%CI=1.46-5.86), respectively. These relationships were more pronounced in boys of households with lower economic level (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#BMI was positively correlated with puberty onset in boys, the odds of puberty onset and risk of early pubertal timing were significantly increased in obese boys, especially in those with low household economic level.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 779-782, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797720

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prediction of axillary lymph node metastasis in patients with early breast cancer by sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) combined with preoperative ultrasound.@*Methods@#From Jun 2014 to Oct 2018, 340 patients with early breast cancer were enrolled in the 5th Department of General Surgery of Second Hospital of Lanzhou University. 113 cases were grouped into ultrasound examing, 75 patients in the SLNB, and 152 patients in the SLNB combined with preoperative ultrasound.Using the results of axillary lymph node dissection as gold standard, the 3 groups were compared.@*Results@#The sensitivity of SLNB, ultrasound and SLNB combined with ultrasound for suspicious axillary lymph node biopsy were 90.1%, 85.7%, and 96.4%, respectively. The specificity was 84.0%, 76.3%, and 100%, and the accuracy was 91.6%, 83.0%, and 97.4%, respectively. The false negative rates were 8.6%, 14.3%, and 3.6%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Preoperative ultrasound diagnosis of axillary lymph node status combined with sentinel lymph node biopsy can significantly improve the diagnosis rate of axillary lymph node metastasis in early breast cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 779-782, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791813

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prediction of axillary lymph node metastasis in patients with early breast cancer by sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) combined with preoperative ultrasound.Methods From Jun 2014 to Oct 2018,340 patients with early breast cancer were enrolled in the 5th Department of General Surgery of Second Hospital of Lanzhou University.113 cases were grouped into ultrasound examing,75 patients in the SLNB,and 152 patients in the SLNB combined with preoperative ultrasound.Using the results of axillary lymph node dissection as gold standard,the 3 groups were compared.Results The sensitivity of SLNB,ultrasound and SLNB combined with ultrasound for suspicious axillary lymph node biopsy were 90.1%,85.7%,and 96.4%,respectively.The specificity was 84.0%,76.3%,and 100%,and the accuracy was 91.6%,83.0%,and 97.4%,respectively.The false negative rates were 8.6%,14.3%,and 3.6%,respectively.Conclusion Preoperative ultrasound diagnosis of axillary lymph node status combined with sentinel lymph node biopsy can significantly improve the diagnosis rate of axillary lymph node metastasis in early breast cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 104-109, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Surgeons are the direct decision-makers and performers in the surgical treatment of patients with lung cancer. Whether the differences among doctors affect the survival of patients is unclear. This study analyzed the five-year survival rates of different thoracic surgeries in patients undergoing surgery to assess the physician's impact and impact.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of five years between 2002-2007 in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, for surgical treatment of lung cancer patients. According to different surgeons grouping doctors to compare the basic information of patients, surgical methods, short-term results and long-term survival differences.@*RESULTS@#A total of 712 patients treated by 11 experienced thoracic surgeons were included in this study. The patients have nosignificant difference with gender, age, smoking, pathological type between groups. There were significant differences in clinical staging, surgery type, operation time, blood transfusion rate, number of lymph node dissection, palliative resection rate, postoperative complications and perioperative mortality. There was a significant difference in five-year survival rates among patients treated by different doctors. This difference can be seen in all clinical stage analyzes with consistency. In the multivariate analysis, it was suggested that surgeon was an independent factor influencing the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Thoracic surgeon has a significant effect on the therapeutic effect of lung cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Surgeons , Survival Analysis , Thoracic Surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 300-302, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806411

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the impact of the advance of the times and technological progress on the surgical treatment of lung cancer.@*Methods@#The data of patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated by thoracic surgery at Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The population distribution, operation methods and treatment results were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#510 patients (in 2005) and 1 235 (in 2015) non-small cell lung cancer patients were included in this study. The proportions of male patients (79.0% vs. 55.8%), smoking (52.9% vs. 30.1%), squamous cell carcinoma (50.2% vs. 22.4%) and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) (0 vs. 61.1%), stage Ⅰ (15.2% vs. 36.8%), the number of lymph node dissection (21.8 vs. 16.6), intraoperative blood transfusion rate (9.6% vs. 1.9%), palliative resection rate (7.5% vs. 2.0%), the average length of stay (10.8 d vs. 7.6 d) were significantly changed. There was no significant difference in the average age of patients and operation time.@*Conclusion@#There was a significant change in the distribution of population and surgical techniques in patients undergoing lung cancer surgery in last ten years.

10.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 1-6, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703309

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of high fat diet feeding on mitochondrial structure and function. Methods Male C57BL/6J mice at the age of 4 weeks were used in this study. After 6 weeks of regular diet(RD)or high-fat diet(HF)feeding, the high fat-induced obesity phenotype was confirmed by body weight measurement and liver histopathology. RNA was isolated from the liver tissue of RD and HF mice and the expression profiles were detected using RNA-seq. Differentially expressed genes between RD and HF mice were analyzed using BRB-ArrayTools. DAVID online tools were applied to analyze the GO and KEGG pathways. Transmission electron microscopy and western blotting were performed to observe the mitochondrial ultrastructure and quantified the expression of function-related proteins. Results Compared with the RD mice,the body weight gain was faster in the HF mice. The size of the lipid droplets was bigger in the HF-fed mouse liver tissue. Multiple pathway analysis all identified that these major gene changes were related to mitochondria. The mitochondrial deformation,enlarged or even destruction was observed in the high fat diet group observed by transmission electron microscopy. This observation was further confirmed by detecting of the expression of genes in the HF liver mitochondria. The levels of MFN1 and PHB1 were significantly increased, while the level of FKBP51 was significantly decreased. Conclusions FKBP51 is involved in the high-fat-induced mitochondrial damage via morphological and structural damages of mitochondria.

11.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 1-10, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664906

ABSTRACT

VisualiZation detection methods are used for determination of the concentration of unknown target by comparing the color change in the intensity or type of reaction solution by naked eye.VisualiZation detection method has some advantages such as simple and rapid operation, low detection cost, fast reaction speed, and detecting target concentration by means of naked eye.Gold nanomaterials are widely used in the construction of visual biosensors due to its unique optical properties.For example, when changing the distance or morphology of the particles, the plasmon resonance absorption peak of local surface will change accordingly.Herein, we reviewed the application of gold nanomaterials in visualiZation biosensors for the detection of target molecules, summed up the main problems of AuNP colormertic methods in the determination of actual samples, and provided an outlook of the future of gold nanoparticles-based biosensor in application development.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 398-403, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303140

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Lymph node status of patients with early-stage nonsmall cell lung cancer has an influence on the choice of surgery. To assess the lymph node status more correspondingly and accurately, we evaluated the relationship between the preoperative clinical variables and lymph node status and developed one model for predicting lymph node involvement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We collected clinical and dissected lymph node information of 474 patients with clinical stage T1aN0-2M0 nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Logistic regression analysis of clinical characteristics was used to estimate independent predictors of lymph node metastasis. The prediction model was validated by another group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eighty-two patients were diagnosed with positive lymph nodes (17.3%), and four independent predictors of lymph node disease were identified: larger consolidation size (odds ratio [OR] = 2.356, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.517-3.658, P < 0.001,), central tumor location (OR = 2.810, 95% CI: 1.545-5.109, P = 0.001), abnormal status of tumor marker (OR = 3.190, 95% CI: 1.797-5.661, P < 0.001), and clinical N1-N2 stage (OR = 6.518, 95% CI: 3.242-11.697, P < 0.001). The model showed good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit, P < 0.766) with an area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) of 0.842 (95% [CI]: 0.797-0.886). For the validation group, the AUC was 0.810 (95% CI: 0.731-0.889).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The model can assess the lymph node status of patients with clinical stage T1aN0-2M0 NSCLC, enable surgeons perform an individualized prediction preoperatively, and assist the clinical decision-making procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Pathology , General Surgery , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Models, Theoretical , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Methods , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 247-251, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608680

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of establishing a swine model of liver cirrhosis with portal hypertension by portal infusion of 80% alcohol.Methods A total of 13 Guizhou miniature pigs were randomly divided into three groups,experiment group 1 (n=5),experiment group 2 (n=5) and control group (n=3).Experiment groups of pigs received portal infusion of 80% alcohol in volumes of 5 ml in group 1,and 10 ml in group 2,and the pigs in control group received portal perfusion of saline in volumes of 10 ml.All animals were performed direct portal angiography,the portal vein pressures and diameter were also detected before,immediately and 6 weeks after the infusion.All animals underwent liver biopsies before and 6 hours,1-6 weeks after operation.And contrast-enhanced abdominal CT was performed before and 6 weeks after operation.All animals were dissected 6 weeks after operation,aud each leaf of liver specimens were performed histological examination.Results There was no statistically significant difference of the portal venous pressure and diameter before infusion and 6 weeks after infusion in the experiment group 1 and control group (all P>0.05).In the experiment group 2,compared with pre infusion,the portal vein pressure and diameter were higher than those of immediately and 6 weeks after infusion (all P<0.05).In both experiment group 1 and group 2,all pigs had developed into liver fibrosis,the METAVIR score of 2 pigs in group 1 and 5 pigs in group 2 respectively were up to grade 4.Conclusion Portal infusion of 80% alcohol is more suitable for establishing a swine model of liver cirrhosis with portal hypertension.

14.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 361-365, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618485

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a programmed cell death ligand 1(PD-L1) co-expression network in lung squamous cell carcinoma,screen potential PD-L1 co-expression biomarkers,and try to find the genes and pathways participating in PD-L1-regulated tumor immune response.Methods The lung squamous cell carcinoma dataset extracted from TCGA was used to screen the co-expression genes of PD-L 1 at the whole-genome transcriptional level by Venny analysis,and the target genes were screened by multiple types of cluster and molecular network analysis to construct a PD-L1 co-expression network.Results A total of 126 genes moderately co-expressed with PD-L1 were retrieved,most of them are plasma membrane targeting genes participating in immune response.Three transcription factors (IRF2/NFKB1/IRF1) were involved in more than 30% the regulation of the PD-L1 genes transcription.By screening the core molecules of co-expression of PD-L1 gene set and analyzing the connectivity of network node,6 network nodes genes with the highest connectivity were retrieved as follows:IFNG,JAK2,STAT1,CTLA4,CD80 and CCR5.Analysis of the relations of the different expression levels of these genes to the survival situation of patients with lung cancer revealed that CCR5 was a significant prognostic marker.Analysis of the PD-L1 expression and CCR5 gene spectrum data showed the Pearson correlation coefficient is 0.47(P<0.05);GO-BP cluster analysis showed that the function of CCR5 mainly focused on immune regulation,T cell regulation and signal transduction,in accordance with the PD-L1 function of network regulation.Conclusions The main nodes of PD-L1 co-expressing gene set are immune-related molecules,among which IFNG/CCR5/NFKB1 play the most significant regulatory effects in the gene network.This finding lays a foundation for the research and immunotherapy for lung squamous cell carcinoma.

15.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 1-5, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617086

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the function of Fkbp51 in the heart and liver by analyzing the differential RNA expression profiles in the wild-type mice (WT) and Fkbp51 knockout (KO) mice, and to elucidate the role of Fkbp51 gene in metabolic pathways in the heart and liver.Methods Using the second generation of high-throughput gene sequencing technology, the mRNA expression profiles of heart and liver were sequenced in WT and Fkbp51 KO mice.The data of sequencing of heart tissues were analyzed by DEGseq, and the results of sequencing of liver tissues were analyzed by BRB-Array Tools.The differential genes of the heart and liver in the mice were screened respectively.Gene ontology (GO) analysis and KEGG pathway analysis were performed to analyze the differentially expressed genes using the online tool DAVID.In addition, the differential genes of the two organ tissues were analyzed by Venn diagram.The interaction network of proteins was analyzed using the STRING database.Results (1) The absence of Fkbp51 led to changes in mRNA expressions of heart-related signal pathways such as vascular smooth muscle contraction, chemokine, retinol, and MAPK signaling pathways.(2) The lack of Fkbp51 mostly induced changes in cholesterol synthesis and metabolism, lipid metabolism, redox and other related genes and pathways in the liver.(3) In the heart and liver, Fkbp51 deletionresult ed in four co-differential genes, among them, down-regulation of Rnaset2b, Hmga1 and Fkbp51, while Cyp2b10 was down-regulated in the heart but up-regulated in the liver.All these proteins may interact with HSP90 protein and participat in the metabolism of heart and liver tissues.Conclusions Fkbp51 is involved in different metabolic and gene expression regulation pathways of heart and liver, and the roles are both independent and interrelated.

16.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 79-84, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504815

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of protein phosphatase 5 (PP5) on lipid metabolism in the PP5 knockout (KO) mice.Methods Male PP5 KO and wild type (WT) mice at the age of 6 weeks were used in this study. In order to study the effect of high fat diet ( HFD) feeding, the body weight was measured.The liver histology was examined by HE and oil red O staining.To further verify PP5 functions in the adipogenesis, in vitro experiment was carried out using mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF).Western blotting and real-time PCR were performed to quantified the expression of lipid metabolism-related genes in the liver tissues.Results Compared with the WT mice, the body weight gain was slower in the KO mice.The size of the lipid droplets was smaller and the quantity was less in the KO mouse liver tissue.In vitro study revealed that the KO mouse MEF cells showed less differentiated adipocytes with smaller lipid droplets than the WT MEF cells.This observation was further confirmed by detecting the expression of adipogenesis-related genes in the HFD liver.The markers of adipocyte differentiation, such as CD36, AP2, PPARγ2, and Glut4, were significantly decreased, while energy expenditure-related markers, such as phosphorylation of GR and expression of UCP1, were significantly increased.Conclusions Protein phosphatase 5 may play a regulatory role in the mouse lipid metabolism through regulating the de-phosphorylation of p-GR and enhancing the expression of UCP1.

17.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 162-164, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489035

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect of single-tube drainage with that of two-tube drainange in non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) patients with VATS upper-lobectomy.Methods Between August 2012 and August 2014,100 NSCLC patients who had received VATS upper-lobectomy performed by a single surgeon were prospectively enrolled and randomly classified into a single-tube drainage group(A) and a two-tube drainage group(B),consisting of 49 and 51 patients respectively.Upper-lobectomy and systematic mediastinal node dissection or sampling were performed in all cases.Clinical and surgical variables were collected prospectively.Results There were no significant differences in demographic and pathologic features between two groups.The amount/duration of drainage,the postoperative hospitalization days,postoperative morbidity and mortality between two groups showed no significant difference either.Group A patients had significantly lower VAS pain scores in the second day (4.06 ± 0.97 vs 4.47 ± 0.86,P =0.027) and one month after surgery (1.31 ± 0.68 vs 1.61 ± 0.64,P =0.024)compared with group B patients.Conclusion Single-tube drainage is as safe and effective as the conventional use of two-tube drainage after VATS upper-lobectomy in NSCLC patients.Moreover,single-tube drainage can relieve the post-operative pain for the patients.

18.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 127-133, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486214

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine if fetal stem cells can enter the maternal circulation during pregnancy and re-pair the injuries of maternal heart.Methods C57 female mice at the age of 6-8 weeks were randomly assigned to three groups:sham control, surgery without pregnancy, and surgery with pregnancy ( n=8,eath group) .The control sham group was developed by opening and closing of the chest.The other two groups underwent heart surgery.The myocardial infarc-tion ( MI) model was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery.Half of the surgical mice mated with e-GFP transgenic male mice, and another half group was not.Electrocardiogram ( ECG) and echocardiographic images were recorded at pre-operation, post-operation and postpartum.The collected data were used to evaluate the heart function. The GFP expression was detected by immunohistochemistry and q-PCR.Results When compared with the sham group, both the ischemia surgery groups with and without pregnancy, the ECG ST segment was significantly increased.This meas-urement indicated that the myocardial ischemia surgery was successful, and no significant difference in the ST segments be-tween two ischemia surgery groups was found.However, when ECG was measured in the surgical mice after postpartum, their myocardial ischemia was dramatically improved when compared with that of the ischemia surgery only mice.Echocar-diographic images also indicated that both the surgery groups had myocardial ischemia, however, no significant difference was observed in the pregnant mice before and after postpartum.The order of the cardiac function indexes from high to low was the sham group, surgery with pregnancy group, and surgery with no pregnancy group;in particular, the cardiac func-tion of pregnancy group was significantly enhanced compared with that of the surgery with no pregnancy group (P<0.05). More importantly, both immunofluorescence and q-PCR results showed that the embryonic stem cell translocation through circulation system with GFP expression in the heart of pregnancy group, while negative in other two groups.Conclusions Embryonic stem cells can be transferred into the maternal circulation of pregnant mice, and play a role in the repairing of their cardiac injuries.

19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 727-730, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308491

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the short-term outcomes and pulmonary function loss between thoracoscopic anatomical partial-lobectomy and thoracoscopic lobectomy on the patients with pT1aN0M0 peripheral non-small cell lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 191 patients with pT1aN0M0 peripheral non-small cell lung cancer received thoracoscopic anatomical pneumonectomy between January 2013 and July 2013 in Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences was analyze retrospectively. There were 71 patients underwent thoracoscopic anatomical partial-lobectomy and 120 patients underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy. Demographic features, operation time, blood loss, number of dissected lymph nodes, chest tube duration, drainage volume, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications, two-year progress and pulmonary function loss of FEV1% (percentage of the predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second) at 6 months were retrospectively reviewed and compared by t test, rank-sum test, χ² test and Fisher exact test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in operation time, blood loss, number of dissected lymph nodes, chest tube duration, drainage volume, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complication rate (P > 0.05). The two-year progress rate between two groups did not differ significantly either (1.4% vs. 1.7%, χ² = 0.000, P = 1.000). Pulmonary function loss of FEV1% at 6 months was significantly smaller in thoracoscopic anatomical partial lobectomy group than thoracoscopic lobectomy group (14% ± 4% vs. 16% ± 4%, t = 2.408, P = 0.017).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Thoracoscopic anatomical partial-lobectomy is safe and feasible for patients with pT1aN0M0 peripheral non-small cell lung cancer. It could achieve equal short-term effect and reserve more pulmonary function compared with thoracoscopic lobectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , General Surgery , Chest Tubes , Drainage , Length of Stay , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Operative Time , Pneumonectomy , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 260-264, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345228

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment for trauma around the knee with popliteal vascular injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was employed to analyze the clinical data from 15 patients (9 males and 6 females were with a mean age of 39.2 years old,ranging from 26 to 62 years old) with fracture or dislocation around the knee with popliteal vascular injury from January 2007 to January 2013. Combined with clinical symptoms and signs, oxygen saturation monitors, color ultrasound, DSA angiography and interventional surgery were used to determine the vascular injury. The knee fracture and dislocation were fixed with hybrid external fixation and plate-screw fixation, respectively. Then, the blood circulation was reconstructed by thrombectomy, repair and autologous vein graft for individual injured vascular. The average total operation time, average hospitalization days, predictive salvage index (PSI), average blood transfusion amount, average medical expenses and infection cases were recorded to determine the effect of early diagnosis and treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was one patient with death, 8 patients with amputation, and 6 patients with successful repair surgery for popliteal artery, anterior tibial and posterior tibial arteries. These six patients with surviving limbs were followed up for an average of 28.3 months (ranged, 12 to 60 months). Among the 6 successful patients, the joint function of 4 patients was good and excellent.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The trauma around the knee with popliteal vascular injury is characterized by complex and serious injury, easy misdiagnosis and loss diagnosis, poor prognosis and high risk of amputation. The early diagnosis of trauma around the knee with popliteal vascular injury should depend on the mechanism of trauma, local anatomical characteristics of injury site, clinical presentations and appropriate auxiliary examinations. The appropriate indications for limb salvage and amputation should be used to achieve more effective clinical results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Early Diagnosis , Knee Injuries , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Popliteal Artery , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies
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