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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 614-619, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide reference for establishing the testing method for quality control of neutron beam in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) equipment in China by testing the radiation characteristic parameters and dosimetry characteristic parameters of epithermal neutron beam in hospital neutron irradiator (IHNI).Methods:By comparing the uncertainties in the result of various test items with the deviation values recommended by the European Joint Research Center (EC-JRC), the feasibility of the relevant of testing method was analyzed and evaluated.Results:The uncertainty in epithermal neutron fluence rate was 2.7%. The uncertainty in ratio of thermal to epithermal neutron fluence rate was 3.1%. The uncertainty in ratio of fast neutron air kerma to epithermal neutron fluence rate was 9.3%. The uncertainty in ratio of gamma air kerma to epithermal neutron fluence rate was 8.7%. The uncertainty in spatial distribution of neutron fluence rate was 2.7%. The uncertainty in thermal neutron fluence rate in phantom was 1.8%. The uncertainty in neutron and gamma-ray dose rate in phantom was 17.1% and 4.0%, respectively.Conclusions:The uncertainty in neutron dose rate measurement result in phantom is higher, and further research is needed to improve the accuracy of the testing method. The uncertainty in the measurement result of other test items is lower, and the accuracy of the test result is expected to meet the allowable deviation value recommended by the European Joint Research Center, and the test method is feasible.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 663-670, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981914

ABSTRACT

B cell receptor (BCR) is a key molecule involved in B cell specific recognition and the binding of antigens to produce adaptive humoral immune response. Gene rearrangement and high frequency mutation during B cell differentiation are the main mechanisms of BCR diversification. The enormous diversity and unique molecular structure of BCR determine the diversity and specificity of antigen recognition, shaping complex B cell repertoire with extensive collections of antigen specificities. Therefore, BCR antigen-specific information is vital to understanding the adaptive immune characteristics of different diseases. Our ability to connect BCR repertoire and antigen specificity has been enhanced with the development of B cell related research technologies, such as single cell sorting techniques, high-throughput sequencing (HTS), linking B cell receptor to antigen specificity through sequencing (LIBRA-seq). It could help researchers to better understand humoral immune responses, identify disease pathogenesis, monitor disease progression, design vaccines, and develop therapeutic antibodies and drugs. We summarizes recent studies on antigen-specific BCR of infections, vaccinations, autoimmune diseases and cancer. By analyzing autoantibody sequences of SLE as a case, the identification of autoantigens has become potentially possible due to this characterization.


Subject(s)
Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell/metabolism , B-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Lymphocyte Activation , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods
3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 68-72, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect of alendronate combined with Lactobacillus rhamnosus on bone loss in ovariectomized mice.Methods:Fifty female C57BL/6 mice were divided into 5 equal groups ( n=10). Ovariotomy was performed in groups A, B, C and D while a sham operation was performed in group E. Group A was subjected to combined administration of alendronate and Lactobacillus rhamnosus, group B to administration of alendronate, group C to administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus, and groups D and E to administration of physiological saline only. At 3 months after operation, all the mice were sacrificed to harvest their femurs. Micro CT scanning was performed to detect the bone mineral density (BMD), trabecular relative volume, bone surface area/bone volume, and trabecular thickness and number of trabecular bone. Three-point bending test was used to detect the maximum load, stiffness, ultimate load, Young's modulus, and fracture energy. Osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase levels were measured using blood samples from the mice eyeballs. The 2 groups were compared in terms of all the above indexes. Results:The BMD [(669.87±67.87) mg/cm 3], maximum load [(14.35±0.75) N] and fracture energy [(1,497.43±38.29) J/m 2] in group A were significantly higher than those in group B [(520.07±9.01) mg/cm 3, (11.94±0.82) N and(1,277.61±35.12) J/m 2] and group C [(388.15±25.61) mg/cm 3, (11.10±0.93) N and (1,115.27±63.24) J/m 2] (all P<0.05). The osteocalcin level in group A [(22.25±1.78) ng/mL] was significantly higher than that in group B [(19.08±1.45) ng/mL] and group D [(19.33±1.66) ng/mL] (both P<0.05). The alkaline phosphatase level in group A [(83.21±9.69) ng/mL] was significantly lower than that in group C [(113.16±14.44) ng/mL] and group D [(137.96±14.01) g/mL] (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Alendronate combined with Lactobacillus rhamnosus may play a synergistic role in prevention of bone loss in ovariectomized mice, because combined administration of the two is more effective than administration of either of the two.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 259-264, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928900

ABSTRACT

In this study, tibial shaft fracture has been treated with implants as numerically to investigate the stress behavior and the effect of plate material, position and length under pressure load. Plates of stainless steel, titanium alloy(Ti6Al4V), or CF-PEEK(CF50) were used to fix the tibial shaft comminuted fracture in different location and different working length. The maximum stress, the maximum micromotion of fracture and the stress shielding of cortex bone were analyzed. CF50 is more ideal biomechanical fixation material than traditional metal material for the treatment of tibial shaft comminuted fractures. In the treatment of tibial shaft comminuted fracture, lateral position and with relatively long working length of the plate have the advantages in micromotion, stress and stress shielding rate of the fracture end.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1148-1155, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of CHI3L1 on the biological function of chondrocytes and its role in lumbar facet joint degeneration.Methods:The human lumbar facet joint articular cartilage were collected, and the relative mRNA expression of CHI3L1 gene detected by quantitative fluorescence PCR. Then explored the correlation between joint degeneration and gender, age and relative mRNA expression of CHI3L1. Human chondrocytes were cultured in vitro. The effects of CHI3L1 on chondrocyte proliferation, cycling, and apoptosis, as well as expression of related inflammatory factors, were investigated. The mechanism by which CHI3L1 regulates the degeneration of articular cartilage was investigated using the signal transduction pathway protein chip.Results:There was a positive correlation between the grade of degeneration in lumbar facet joint and the relative expression of CHI3L1 gene mRNA ( r=0.76, P<0.001). There was no correlation with the patient's gender ( r=-0.12, P=0.500). A positive correlation between the age of patients and the relative expression of CHI3L1 gene mRNA was found ( r=0.47, P=0.005). Compared with the non-degenerative group, the expression of CHI3L1 gene mRNA significantly increased in the degenerative group, and the expression of CHI3L1 gradually increased with the aggravation in the grade of degeneration ( F=18.90, P<0.001). Compared with the non-degenerative group, the chondrocytes in the CHI3L1 group had significantly lower proliferation at 48 h (OD 490/fold=7.132), 72 h (OD 490/fold=4.803), 96 h (OD 490/fold=2.431) and 120 h (OD 490/fold=0.009). The ratio of chondrocytes in G1 phase, S phase and G2/M phase were 85.03%±3.05%, 12.78%±2.29% and 0.90%±0.76% in the CHI3L1 group, and 73.93%±2.73%, 22.81%±1.93% and 0.99%±0.87% in control group, respectively. There were significant differences in the percentage of chondrocytes in G1 phase ( t=4.70, P<0.001) and S phase ( t=5.80, P<0.001) between the two groups. The percentages of apoptosis in chondrocyte in CHI3L1 group and control group were 8.64%±0.76% and 5.68%±1.13%, which has a statistically difference ( t=4.47, P<0.001). The expression of IL-6 in chondrocytes of CHI3L1 group was 49.60±0.01 pg/ml, which was higher than that of 47.88±0.01 pg/ml in the control group ( t=132.70, P<0.001). The expression of TNF-α was 95.93±0.02 pg/ml, which was higher than 90.69±0.02 pg/ml in the control group ( t=376.10, P<0.001). There was significant difference in expression of IL-6 in chondrocytes between the CHI3L1 group and the control group ( t=132.72, P<0.001). The expression of TNF-α ( t=376.10, P<0.001) was statistically difference. Protein chip detected 53 proteins with significant differences in expression and 43 proteins with significant differences in protein phosphorylation levels. Bioinformatics analysis was used to identify 16 signaling pathways in which the above different proteins might be involved, including ErbB, PI3K, Akt, Ras, JAK, STAT3, MAPK pathway. In the MAPK pathway, the expression of MAPK1 and RAF1 proteins was higher in the chondrocytes of the CHI3L1 group than in the control group (1.094±0.00 vs. 0.814±0.00, 0.988±0.00 vs. 0.786±0.00; t=103.16, P<0.001; t=54.32, P<0.001). Compared with the control group, the expression of MAPK1 and RAF1 proteins was significantly increased in the chondrocytes of the CHI3L1 group. Conclusion:The expression of CHI3L1 is corrected to articular cartilage degeneration. CHI3L1 is able to inhibit the proliferation of articular chondrocytes, which regulated the cycling of chondrocytes from G1 phase to S phase, promote the apoptosis of chondrocytes, and promote the expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in chondrocytes. Regulation of chondrocytes biological function through the MAPK pathway, which is a potential biomarker for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of lumbar joint degeneration.

6.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 523-530, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938085

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of an overlapped stenting-assisted coiling technique in treating vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm (VADA) via Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS) stent-within-Neuroform EZ stent. @*Methods@#: From January 2017 to June 2019, 18 consecutive patients with VADAs (ruptured : unruptured=5 : 13) were treated with the overlapping stents assisted-coiling technique in our center. The overlapping manner was a Neuroform EZ stent being deployed first, followed by LVIS stents placement using the ‘shelf’ technique. The patients’ clinical characteristics, technical feasibility and safety, and immediate and follow-up angiographic results were retrospectively reviewed. @*Results@#: Seventeen (94.4%) procedures were technically successful with an exact deployment of the stents and patent parent or perforator arteries. The immediate angiographies after procedure confirmed Raymond class I, II, and III occlusion of VADAs were in 12 (66.7%), two (11.1%), and four cases (22.2%), respectively. Post-procedural complications developed in one patient (5.6%) with minor brainstem infarctions, which resulted from an in-stent thrombosis during the procedure. Angiographic follow-up at 5.7 months (range 3 to 9 months) demonstrated Raymond class I and II occlusion were in all cases (100%). The modified Rankin Scale scores at 21.3 months (range 15 to 42 months) 0–2 in 17 cases (94.4%) and three in one case (5.6%). @*Conclusion@#: Overlapping stents via LVIS stent-within-Neuroform EZ stent combined with coiling is safe and effective for patients with VADA in the midterm results.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 482-487, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965823

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effectiveness of the three-dimensional balanced chiropractic technique in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and analyze predictive factors for resorption of the herniated nucleus pulposus based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods From June 2015 to June 2021, 95 patients with LDH treated with the three-dimensional balanced chiropractic techniquein our hospital were followed up for clinical and MRI data. They were divided into resorption group and non-resorption group based on the nucleus pulposus resorption rate. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the association of 12 factors (sex, age, course of disease, etc.)with nucleus pulposus resorption. Results Thirty-two cases (33.7%)were found at follow-up to have nucleus pulposus resorption (resorption rate≥30%). Resorption was most likely to occur in patients with a disease course of less than a year (P < 0.001), type 3 LDH accoding to the Michigan State University (MSU) classification (P = 0.014), leg numbness (P = 0.006), and a L4/5 or L5/S1 disc herniation (P < 0.001). Conclusion MRI can be used as an important tool to observe nucleus pulposus resorption in LDH. A disease course of less than a year, MSU type 3, leg numbness, a L4/5 or L5/S1 disc herniation are associated with a higher possibility of nucleus pulposus resorption, which can be used as indicators predicting the outcome of patients with LDH treated with the three-dimensional balanced chiropractic technique.

8.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 148-153, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876706

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinicopathological significance of Bcl-2 and Bax genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients complicated with schistosomiasis. Methods The CRC patients receiving surgical treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dali University from June 2016 to June 2020 were recruited as the study subjects, and 30 subjects were randomly sampled from the CRC patients complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-S group) and 30 subjects were randomly sampled from the CRC patients without schistosomiasis (CRC group) using a random number table method. The cancer specimens were sampled from subjects in the CRC-S and CRC groups, and the peri-cancer specimens were sampled from subjects in the CRC group. The Bcl-2 and Bax expression was quantified in cancer and peri-cancer specimens using a real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay and immunohistochemistry at transcriptional and translational levels, and the cell apoptosis was detected in cancer specimens using HE staining. Results A total of 60 subjects were enrolled, including 30 cases in the CRC group and 30 cases in the CRC-S group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of gender distribution (χ2 = 0.271, P > 0.05), mean age (t = -0.596, P > 0.05), tumor growth pattern (χ2 = 0.275, P > 0.05), tumor location (χ2 = 4.008, P > 0.05), tumor invasion depth (χ2 = 0.608, P > 0.05), degree of tumor differentiation (χ2 = 0.364, P > 0.05), or presence of vascular metastasis (χ2 = 1.111, P > 0.05), while significant differences were seen between the two groups in terms of histological type, presence of lymph node metastasis and TMN staging (χ2 = 5.963, 8.297 and 5.711, all P values < 0.05). qPCR assay and immunohistochemistry quantified significantly higher Bcl-2 and Bax expression in cancer specimens from the CRC and CRC-S groups than in the peri-cancer specimens from the CRC group at both translational and transcriptional levels (all P values < 0.05), and higher Bcl-2 and lower Bax expression were seen in the cancer specimens from the CSC-S group than that from the CRC group (all P values < 0.05). In addition, the cell apoptotic rate was significantly greater in the cancer specimens in the CRC group than in the CRC-S group (42.00% vs. 23.35%; χ2 = 41.500, P = 0.000). Conclusion Schistosomiasis may be involved in the development and progression of CRC through affecting Bcl-2 and Bax gene expression in the apoptosis signaling pathway.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 344-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876696

ABSTRACT

Liver transplantation is an effective approach to treat intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). It is necessary to strictly control surgical indications of ICC because of its high invasiveness, lymph node metastasis and recurrence rate after liver transplantation. Liver transplantation yields high efficacy for single ICC with a diameterof ≤2 cm. For advanced ICC, neoadjuvant therapies including locoregional treatment and systemic chemotherapy should be initially delivered. According to the response of these neoadjuvant therapies, whether liver transplantation should be performed can be determined, and individualized adjuvant therapy should be delivered after operation. At present, multiple gene mutation targets and targeted therapeutic drugs for cholangiocarcinoma have been identified. Comprehensive treatment before and after liver transplantation may expand surgical indications of liver transplantation for ICC and improve clinical prognosis of the recipients. In this article, liver transplantation for ICC, neoadjuvant therapy before liver transplantation, postoperative adjuvant therapy and targeted therapy for ICC were reviewed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 242-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of cyclic tensile stress on the function and degeneration of nucleus pulposus cells.Methods:The human primary nucleus pulposus cells were isolated and cultured. The cyclic tensile stress (100 000 μ?, 10% tensile strain, 0.1 Hz, 8 640 cycles) was loaded on the cells for 24 h. The proliferation of the cells was examined by MTT method. The cell cycle and apoptosis were detected through flow cytometry. Gene expression profile chip was used to detect the differentially expressed genes between the tensile stress group and control group. The function of these gene was analyzed by bioinformatics. The expression of inflammatory related factors, TGF-β, matrix degrading enzymes and extracellular matrix molecules were examined by qRT-PCR.Results:The cyclic tensile stress significantly promoted proliferation and cell cycle of nucleus pulposus cells. The cell percentage of S phase ( t=5.336, P<0.05) and G2/M phase ( t=7.288, P<0.01) was significantly different between the tensile stress group and control group. The cyclic tensile stress inhibited apoptosis of nucleus pulposus cells (8.56%±0.48% vs 10.63%±0.32%, t=4.474, P<0.05). A total of 866 differentially expressed genes were detected. Gene ontology analysis showed the roles of these genes in cells including focal adhesion, extractable matrix, membrane raft, condensed chrome kinetochore, cytoskeleton, etc. The cyclic tensile stress significantly affected the mRNA expression of inflammatory related factors, TGF-β genes, matrix proteinase and extracellular matrix molecules. Compared with the control group, the mRNA expression of inflammatory related factors IL15 ( t=5.379, P<0.05), IGF1 ( t=5.454, P<0.05) and IGFBP7 ( t=13.57, P<0.01) were significantly decreased in the tensile stress group; The mRNA expression of TGF-β genes TGFB1 ( t=6.931, P<0.05), TGFB2 ( t= 15.56, P<0.01) and TGFB3 ( t=7.744, P<0.05) were significantly increased in the tensile stress group; The mRNA expression of matrix proteinase ADAMTS3 ( t=5.241, P<0.05) and MMP19 ( t=24.72, P<0.01) were significantly decreased, and TIMP3 ( t=8.472, P<0.01) increased in the tensile stress group; The mRNA expression of extracellular matrix molecules COL2A1 ( t=5.871, P<0.05), FLRT2 ( t=5.216, P<0.05) and FN1 ( t=4.289, P<0.05) were significantly increased. Conclusion:The cyclic tensile stress promoted cell cycle and proliferation and inhibited apoptosis of nucleus pulposus cells. The cyclic tensile stress may affect the function and degeneration of nucleus pulposus cells by regulating the expression of inflammatory related factors, TGF-β, matrix degradation enzymes and ECM molecules.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 282-287, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of ADC derived from DWI combined with texture analysis derived from T 2WI fat suppressed images in distinguishing benign and malignant soft tissue tumors. Methods:The MRI and DWI images of 94 patients with soft tissue tumors (44 cases with malignant and 50 cases with benign) confirmed by pathology were analyzed retrospectively in the First Affiliated Hospital of USTC West District. ADC values of solid components were measured at GE ADW4.6 workstation. The texture features were extracted by manually drawing the ROI on the maximum level of the T 2WI fat suppressed images; the ADC values and texture parameters between the two groups were statistically analyzed by SPSS17.0, and the multivariate logistic regression model were conducted to analyze and calculate the diagnostic performance. Results:ADC value of benign and malignant soft tissue tumors was (1.6±0.3)×10 -3 mm 2/s, (1.2±0.5)×10 -3 mm 2/s, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant( t=-5.382, P<0.05). Taking 1.28×10 -3 mm 2/s as the critical value, the area under curve (AUC) for the diagnosis of benign and malignant soft tissue tumors was 0.783, the sensitivity was 92.00%, and the specificity was 65.91%. Among the texture features, the AUC of frequency size, skewness, Inertia All Direction_offset7, Inverse Difference Moment angle0_offset1, Inverse Difference Moment angle0_offset7 and Haralick Correlation All Direction_offset4_SD distinguishing benign and malignant soft tissue tumors were 0.825, 0.739, 0.826, 0.816, 0.820 and 0.783, respectively. The AUC, sensitivity and specificity of the best predictive model distinguishing benign and malignant soft tissue tumors were 0.930, 88.00% and 86.36% respectively using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Conclusion:ADC combined with texture analysis is of great value in preoperative differentiation of benign and malignant soft tissue tumors.

12.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 708-715, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868163

ABSTRACT

Objective:Evaluation of the clinical value of the BioPerfectus multiplex real time (BMRT)-HPV for cervical cancer screening.Methods:Physician-collected specimens of 1 495 women who were positive of Cobas 4800 HPV (Cobas-HPV), HPV genotyping based on SEQ uencing (SEQ-HPV), and (or) cytology ≥low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) in the primary screening of Chinese Multiple-center Screening Trial (CHIMUST), and 2 990 women selected from those who were negative of primary screening in the same project through nested control randomization with age-matching were tested for BMRT-HPV, which reported type-specific viral loads/10 000 cells in each specimen. With comparing to Cobas-HPV results and taking cervical histopathological diagnosis as the endpoint, the concordance of high-risk (HR)-HPV subtypes among the three assays was explored ,and the sensitivity and specificity of BMRT-HPV for cervical cancer screening were evaluated.Results:(1) The overall agreenment of HR-HPV subtypes between BMRT-HPV and Cobas-HPV, or SEQ-HPV test sample was 94.8%, 94.4%, with Kappa values 0.827, 0.814. (2) The sensitivity and specificity for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅱ + of BMRT-HPV, Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV were 92.62%, 94.26%, 93.44% and 84.67%, 83.25%, 82.76%, respectively. There were no significant difference in sensitivity among the three HPV assays (all P>0.05), but the specificity of BMRT-HPV for CIN Ⅱ + was higher than those of Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV ( P<0.01). The sensitivity for CIN Ⅲ + of three HPV assays were all 100.00%, and the specificity for CIN Ⅲ + of BMRT-HPV was higher than those of Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (83.40% vs 81.95%, 83.40% vs 81.50%; P<0.01). The number of pathological examinations of colposcopy for cervical biopsy detected in 1 case of CIN Ⅱ + or CIN Ⅲ + in BMRT-HPV was less than those in Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV ( P<0.01). When using HPV 16/18 + cytology ≥atypical squamous cell of undetermined signification (ASCUS) to triage HPV positive women among three assays, there was no different in the sensitivities of detecting CIN Ⅱ + and CIN Ⅲ + ( P>0.05). The specificity BMRT-HPV was slightly higher than those in Cobas-HPV or SEQ-HPV (all P<0.05), and the colposcopy referral rate was lower than those in Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (all P<0.05). Conclusions:BMRT-HPV is as sensitive as Cobas-HPV or SEQ-HPV for primary cervical cancer screening, and has higher specificity. Therefore it could be used as a primary screening method for cervical cancer, which is worthy of clinical application.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 867-872, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827241

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the biomechanical characteristics of "three-dimensional balanced manipulation" for the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy(CSR).@*METHODS@#A CSR patient was treated with "three-dimensional balanced manipulation", and the mechanical changes during the manipulation were monitored by mechanical testing system. Using spiral CT to scan the neck of the patient to obtain DICOM data. The three-dimensional finite element model of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy was established by using Mimics software, Geographic Studio software. The "three-dimensional balance manipulation" was simulated and loaded, and the mechanical parameters of each part were replaced into the finite element model, and the finite element analysis was carried out by using ANSYS software to study the internal stress changes and displacement deformation of vertebral body and intervertebral disc under the action of "three-dimensional balance manipulation".@*RESULTS@#The established C-C finite element model of the CSR patient consisted of 5 vertebrae, 4 intervertebral discs and 3 ligaments, involving 153 471 nodes and 64 978 units. The stress of C-C vertebral body was mainly located in anterior and root of C spinous processes, arch, vertebral arch and the combination of the two after full loading of manipulation, and the maximum stress was 17.781 MPa. The deformation sites were mainly concentrated in articular processes and anterior transverse processes of C, superior articular processes and transverse processes of C, articular processes of C. The stress of C-C intervertebral disc mainly distributed in the anterior part of C intervertebral disc and the nucleus pulposus of C and C. The displace mentextended to the middle and posterior part of C nucleus pulposus, around the nucleus of C and C and anterior part of cervical intervertebral disc.@*CONCLUSION@#The establishment of three-dimensional finite element model of C-C cervical spondylotic radiculopathy can simulate the geometry and material properties of cervical spine, and also accurately reflects the biomechanical characteristics of cervical spine, verifys the internal mechanism of "three-dimensional balanced manipulation" on CSR, proves the safety and effectiveness of treatment, guides more standardized manipulation, and avoids medical accidents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cervical Vertebrae , Finite Element Analysis , Intervertebral Disc , Radiculopathy , Range of Motion, Articular , Spondylosis
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 219-227, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873208

ABSTRACT

Holistic medicine is an interdisciplinary field that integrates all types of biological information (proteins, small molecules, tissues, organs, external environmental signals, etc.) to provide predictable and operational models for healthcare and disease treatment. Despite the global and integrative character of this discipline, scientific evidences to clarify the mechanism of holistic medicine is still lacking. Systems pharmacology, as a newly developed discipline based on the interdisciplinary and integration of classical pharmacology, computer technology, bioinformatics, and network pharmacology, has systematically studied the interaction between drugs and the human body, as well as its law and nature at the molecular, cellular, organ and network levels. Since its birth in 2011, this discipline has been widely used in the research of the promotion of holistic medicine, compound analysis, the development of new drugs, and interpretation of basic theories of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In this paper, in order to provide new methods and ideas for the modernization of holistic medicine, the authors introduce the research ideas of systems pharmacology of TCM in detail, and the mechanism of holistic medicine in the treatment of complex diseases is explained by sorting out the researches of systems pharmacology on multi-component, multi-target, multi-pathway, multi-function, compatibility of TCM, etc.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 810-814, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810733

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between selenium and the risk for oral cancer.@*Methods@#We performed a case-control study in 325 cases of newly diagnosed primary oral cancer from the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University and 650 controls from the same hospital and community. Unconditional logistic regression and stratification analyses were used to explore the association between selenium and oral cancer. Adjusted OR and corresponding 95%CI were calculated. The analyses on multiple interactions between selenium and smoking or drinking status, and fruit or fish intake frequencies were conducted.@*Results@#The level of serum selenium was 112.42 (80.98-145.06) μg/L in the case group, which was lower than 164.85 (144.44-188.53) μg/L in control group, the difference was statistical significant (P<0.01). There was a negative correlation between serum selenium level and the risk for oral cancer regardless of smoking and drinking status, and fruits and fish intake frequencies (P<0.05). There were multiple interactions between serum selenium level and smoking or drinking status, and fruit and fish intakes.@*Conclusions@#The high level of serum selenium is a protective factor for the incidence of oral cancer, and serum selenium has multiple interactions with smoking or drinking status, and fruit and fish intakes. Therefore, reducing tobacco use and alcohol consumption and increasing the intakes of fruit and fish can reduce the risk for oral cancer to some extent.

16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 480-485, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805263

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association of TBX5 polymorphisms and environmental exposure index with susceptibility to oral cancer.@*Methods@#A case-control study was conducted to collect 300 oral cancer patients hospitalized in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from September 2010 to December 2016. A total of 445 non-tumor patients were selected as the control group. Questionnaires were used to collect the information of all subjects and 5 ml peripheral blood was collected to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the rs10492336 locus of TBX5 gene. According to the environmental exposure index score, subjects were divided into two groups, low risk group (0-2.31) and high risk group (2.32-11.76). To analyze the association of TBX5 gene rs10492336 SNPs, environmental exposure index and oral cancer and its interactions.@*Results@#The age of all subjects in the case group and control group were (56.19±13.10) years and (54.56±12.48) years old. Compared with CC genotype, the OR (95%CI) values of the co-dominant genetic model AC genotype and the dominant genetic model AC+AA genotype were 0.69 (0.49-0.98) and 0.70 (0.51-0.97), respectively. Compared with the low risk group, the OR (95%CI) risk of oral cancer in the high risk group was 3.72 (2.55-5.43). The results of gene-environment interaction analysis showed that compared with the group with CC genotype and high risk of environmental exposure index, the OR (95%CI) value of oral cancer in the group with AC+AA genotype and low risk of environmental exposure index was 0.18(0.10-0.31). Furthermore there was a multiplicative interaction between rs10492336 SNPs and environmental exposure index (β=-0.405, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#This study suggests that the TBX5 gene rs10492336 SNPs and environmental exposure index were associated with oral cancer. And there was a multiplication interaction between rs10492336 SNPs and environmental exposure index.

17.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 353-356, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755558

ABSTRACT

Data of patients with maxillofacial and jugular venous malformations involving isthmus faucium area from January 2012 to July 2016 were collected. Patients were questioned about the medical history before operation, and the airway was adequately evaluated. The patients diagnosed as having non-difficult airways were endotracheally tubed using fast induction of anesthesia. Tracheal intubation was per-formed using fast induction of anesthesia combined with topical anesthesia after visual laryngoscopy in the patients assessed as having difficult airways. Endotracheal intubation was guided with a visual hard endo-scope or a fibrobronchoscope in the patients with difficulty in opening mouth after multiple treatments. Post-operative airway management was as follows: the tracheal tube was removed after extubation, the tracheal tube was retained for 24-48 h, or preventive tracheotomy was performed. Oxygen was inhaled by mask. A total of 157 patients were included in this study, 55 patients diagnosed as having difficult airways, and a-mong the 55 patients, 87% cases were intubated after visual laryngoscopy and 13% cases received tracheot-omy. There were 10 patients with difficulty in opening mouth after multiple treatments and 5 cases under-went tracheotomy in the outer hospital. Sixteen patients presented with a transient increase in airway pres-sure during intraoperative injection of anhydrous ethanol. There were 106 cases in whom the tracheal tube was removed immediately after emergence, and among them, 32. 1% cases needed tongue traction and 2. 8% cases underwent emergency tracheotomy after extubation. Thirty-eight patients needed to retain the tracheal tube for 24-48 h after operation, and among them, 37% cases needed tongue traction and 3% ca-ses required emergency tracheotomy after extubation. Thirteen cases underwent preventive tracheotomy. The preoperative visit and assessment are especially important, appropriate airway management strategies should be developed, vital signs should be closely observed during operation, and the timing of extubation should be grasped for this type of patients, and the SpO2 and airway pressure should be mainly observed during op-eration especially for the patients who underwent anhydrous ethanol injection.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 454-458, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of total arthroscopic internal drainage and arthroscopic combined with posterior small incision in the treatment of popliteal cyst.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2017, 60 patients with popliteal cyst were treated, including 29 males and 31 females, aged 30 to 65(47.8±2.5) years old, with a course of disease (8.5±4.2) months. Among them, 30 cases received total arthroscopic internal drainage for popliteal fossa cyst(total arthroscopic group), 30 cases received arthroscopic combined with posterior small incision for popliteal fossa cyst(arthroscopic combined with small incision group). The operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, incision length, Rauschning and Lindgren grade 0 recovery rate and Lysholm score were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-nine patients in total arthroscopy group were followed up, and 28 patients in arthroscopy combined with small incision group were followed up for 8 to 20(12.8±2.1) months. Operation time: total arthroscopic group(45.32±5.71) min, arthroscopic combined small incision group (44.56±3.85) min; Rauschning and Lindgren grade 0 recovery: 23 cases in total arthroscopic group, 22 cases in arthroscopic combined small incision group; postoperative Lysholm score: total arthroscopic group 84.5±11.2, arthroscopic combined small incision group 83.2±12.7; there was no significant difference between the two groups(>0.05). Intraoperative bleeding volume: total arthroscopic group(5.32±1.25) ml, arthroscopic combined small incision group(20.75±8.18) ml; incision length: total arthroscopic group (1.51±0.34) cm, arthroscopic combined small incision group (7.34±0.75) cm; the difference between the two groups was significant(<0.05). At the last follow-up, the knee joint was examined by magnetic resonance imaging, and no recurrence of cyst was found.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Total arthroscopic internal drainage and arthroscopic combined with posterior small incision technique for popliteal fossa cyst with intra-articular lesions have the same clinical effect, but less trauma and faster recovery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Arthroscopy , Drainage , Knee Joint , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Popliteal Cyst , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1722-1727, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781406

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the PTEN gene expression level and its clinical significance in patients with acute T lymphoblastic leukemia.@*METHODS@#One hundred and twenty-four patients with T-ALL treated in our hospital from January 2014 to May 2018 were selected, and 120 healthy people were selected as control group. The bone marrow of the patients were collected, and mononuclear cells were separated out. PTEN gene expression level was detected by RT-PCR, PTEN protein expression level was detected by Western blot, Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the survival rate of patients with T-ALL, Cox multivariate regression analyzed was used to analyze the independent influencing factors of patients, and the correlation between PTEN level and clinical characteristics of patients with T-ALL and its prognostic value were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The relative level of PTEN gene in patients with T-ALL was 0.19±0.06, which was significantly lower than that in control groups (P<0.05). There was significantly positive correlation of the expression level of PTEN gene with white blood cell count (r=0.993)and peripheral blood immature cells (r=0.996) in patients with T-ALL. There was no correlation between PTEN gene expression level and sex, age, LDH level, Hb level, platelet count in patients with T-ALL. And it was found that expression levels PTEN protein in the middle-risk group, the standard-risk group and the high-risk group were significant lower than those in the control group (P<0.05), while those in the high-risk group were significantly lower than those in other groups (P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that OS and DFS in PTEN gene high expression group were higher than those in PTEN low expression group (P<0.05). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that white blood cell count and PTEN gene were independent influencing factors of OS (P<0.05); platelet count and PTEN gene were independent influencing factors of DFS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PTEN gene level relates to the prognosis of patients with T-ALL. Patients with better prognosis show a higher PTEN gene level, which provides reference for clinical treatment of patients with T-ALL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Prognosis
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 195-200, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802086

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore drug utilizing regularity of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in treating and preventing asthenopia by analyzing the patent status of TCM in the field of asthenopia control for nearly 20 years. Method: Global patents about TCM in treating and preventing asthenopia were systematic searched in IncoPat platform.The application trend,legal status and categories of patents were analyzed.Meanwhile,the oral prescriptions and external prescriptions were performed correlation index analysis by IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0,respectively;the difference of compatibility rules between them was compared. Result: The number of global patents in treating and preventing asthenopia gradually increased,and the proportion of patents from China was more than 99%.The main patent applications were pharmaceutical composition,oral preparation,external eye patch and so on,but the ratio of licensed patents in total patents was low.In term of drug utilizing regularity,the oral prescriptions paid much attention to using TCM for nourishing the liver and kidney,while external prescriptions highlighted relieving sickness heat and detoxification. Conclusion: Patents of TCM in treating and preventing asthenopia has been kept increasing in recent years,but the authorization rate is low.Formulation based on TCM theory can be statistically summarized,which can be helpful for the development of anti-asthenopia products.

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