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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 572-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922956

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for perioperative hypotension in severe patients after liver cancer surgery and its influence on prognosis. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 422 patients who underwent surgical treatment due to primary liver cancer or metastatic liver cancer and were then admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Peking University People's Hospital from January 2014 to December 2019. The 107 patients requiring continuous intraoperative or postoperative pumping of vasoactive drugs (norepinephrine, dopamine, phenylephrine, and epinephrine) to maintain blood pressure were included in the hypotension group, and the 315 patients who did not require the pumping of vasoactive drugs to maintain blood pressure were included in the non-hypotension group. Related clinical data were collected from all patients, including sex, age, body mass index, history of liver surgery, comorbidities, underlying liver diseases, preoperative laboratory examinations, surgical data, and anesthesia, and the two groups were compared in terms of related prognostic indicators (in-hospital mortality, length of ICU stay, length of hospital stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, acute kidney injury, hypoxemia, pulmonary infection, and myocardial injury). The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The clinical indices with P < 0.1 were included in the binary logistic regression analysis to investigate the risk factors for hypotension. Results The overall mortality rate was 1.9% for the severe patients after liver cancer surgery, with a mortality rate of 3.7% in the hypotension group and 1.3% in the non-hypotension group. Compared with the non-hypotension group, the hypotension group had a significantly longer length of ICU stay ( Z =-6.440, P < 0.001), a significantly longer duration of mechanical ventilation ( Z =-6.082, P < 0.001), and a significantly higher proportion of patients with acute kidney injury, hypoxemia, and pulmonary infection after surgery ( χ 2 =25.661, 25.409, and 20.126, all P < 0.001). The clinical indices with P < 0.1 between the two groups (coronary heart disease, ascites, preoperative levels of albumin/platelets/fibrinogen, time of operation and hepatic portal occlusion, laparotomy, blood loss) were included in the binary logistic regression analysis, and the results showed that time of operation (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.004, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.002-1.006, P < 0.05) and blood loss ( OR =1.151, 95% CI : 1.009-1.313, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for hypotension in patients undergoing liver cancer surgery, while preoperative albumin level ( OR =0.950, 95% CI : 0.907-0.995, P < 0.05) was a protective factor. Conclusion There is a relatively high incidence rate of hypotension among severe patients after liver cancer surgery, and a longer time of operation and greater blood loss are independent risk factors for hypotension, while a higher preoperative albumin level is a protective factor.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920368

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the effects of low level of ambient NO2 on the death of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in Enshi city and to identify sensitive population, so as to provide a scientific basis for formulating health policies. Methods The data of air pollutants, meteorological factors and death of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in Enshi city from 2015 to 2018 were collected. The generalized additive model based on Poisson distribution was used to analyze the effects of low ambient NO2 level on the death risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in Enshi city. A subgroup analysis was performed on age, gender, and season. Results The average concentrations of major gaseous air pollutants in Enshi city from 2015 to 2018 were NO2 (21.40 μg/m3), SO2 (9.68 μg/m3), CO (0.88 mg/m3), and O3 (61.21 μg/m3), respectively, all of which did not exceed the national secondary standard. The results of single pollutant model analysis showed that each 1 μg/m3 increase in NO2 concentration in lag0 day was associated with a 0.33% increase (95% CI: 0.06 - 0.72) (P>0.05) in mortality risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. In the female population, each 1 μg/m3 increase in NO2 concentration in lag01 day was associated with a 0.92% increase (95% CI: 0.26 - 1.56) (P2 concentration in lag0 day was associated with a 0.62% increase (95% CI: 0.12 - 1.12) (P2, CO or O3), the effect of NO2 on the mortality risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in women and the whole population in cold season still existed. Conclusion The low ambient level of NO2 in Enshi city was significantly associated with increased mortality risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in female population as well as in cold seasons in the whole population. Attention should be paid to the health protection of special populations in areas with low ambient pollution level of NO2 in special seasons.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1123-1133, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913798

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the effect of preoperative tumor staging deviation (PTSD) on the long-term survival of patients undergoing radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (RGGC). @*Materials and Methods@#Clinicopathological data of 2,346 patients who underwent RGGC were retrospectively analyzed. The preoperative tumor-lymph node-metastasis (TNM) under-staging group (uTNM) comprised patients who had earlier preoperative TNM than postoperative TNM, and the no preoperative under-staging group (nTNM) comprised the remaining patients. @*Results@#There were 1,031 uTNM (44.0%) and 1,315 nTNM cases (56.0%). Cox prognostic analysis revealed that PTSD independently affected the overall survival (OS) after surgery. The 5-year OS was lower in the uTNM group (41.8%) than in the nTNM group (71.6%). The patients less than 65 years old, with lower American Society of Anaesthesiologists score, 2-5 cm tumor located at the lower stomach, and cT1 or cN0 preoperative staging would more likely undergo D1+ lymph node dissection (LND) in uTNM (p 2 cm and body mass index ≤ 22.72 kg/m2 were independent risk factors of preoperative TNM tumor under-staging in patients with cT1N0M0 staging (p < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Underestimated tumor staging is not rare, which possibly results in inadequate LND and affects the long-term survival for patients undergoing RGGC. D2 LND should be carefully performed in patients who are predisposed to this underestimation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 483-486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the reconstruction of palmar soft tissue defect of digit using dorsal digital flaps including double dorsal branches of the proper palmar digital nerves (DBPPDN) and report the results of the application of the flaps.Methods:From May, 2005 to April, 2019, a retrospective study was conducted on 113 digits of 113 patients who had palmar soft tissue defects in single digit treated with 4 types of dorsal digital flaps with bilaterally DBPPDN. Flap types: ① Modified cross-digit flap in 29 digits of 29 cases; ②Dorsal digital flap based on the dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery (DBPPDA) in 43 digits of 43 cases; ③First dorsal metacarpal artery flap in 23 digits of 23 cases; ④ Free dorsal digit flap in 18 digits of 18 cases. In control group, single-innervated flap was used for repair of the defects, only one of injured proper palmar digital nerves on both sides was repaired with DBPPDN. Static TPD, VAS and patient satisfaction of the injured digits were evaluated by means of outpatient follow-up. The t test was applied to compare the 2 groups in relation to the quantitative outcomes. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:In the dual-innervated flap group, flap ischemia was shown in 11 digits and venous congestion was noted in 7 digits. Partial necrosis was noted in 9 flaps and healed without surgical intervention. In the dual-innervated and single-innervated flap groups, the mean static TPD were (6.92±0.12) mm and (8.92±0.20) mm, the score of VAS were (0.46±0.08) and (1.11±0.28), and patient satisfaction were (4.45±0.06) and (4.00±0.16). Significant difference was found between the 2 groups in static TPD, VAS and patient satisfaction. Dual-innervated flaps presented better discriminatory sensation on the flap ( P<0.01) and lower pain incidence ( P=0.0032) and higher patient satisfaction ( P=0.0014). Conclusion:The 4 types of dual-innervated flap are useful in reconstruction of palmar soft tissue defects of digits, especially in prevention of neuropathic pain.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 276-278, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the method and outcome of reconstruction of thumb soft tissue defect by index finger proximal dorsal island flap supplied by the second dorsal metacarpal artery (SDMA).Methods:From August, 2015 to December, 2017, 12 cases of thumb soft tissue defect were treated by index finger proximal dorsal island flap supplied by SDMA. The site of defect ranged from 2.0 cm×2.4 cm to 5.5 cm×3.0 cm, and the flap area ranged from 2.2 cm×2.6 cm to 6.0 cm×3.3 cm. The donor site was repaired by split-thickness skin graft from the forearm of the injured limb. All patients received regular outpatient follow-up after surgery. The appearance, texture, sensory recovery and donor site of the flap were observed.Results:All the 12 flaps had 5-16 (8.8 in average) months follow-up and survived, the donor site and wounds healed in primary stage. The appearance, sensory and function of the flaps were good. There were no scar contracture on the donor sites, and no pain and limitation of motion in the joints. At the last follow-up, according to the Criteria for Function Assessment of Upper Limbs by the Branch of Hand Surgery of Chinese Medicine Association, the thumb functions were excellent in 11 cases and good in 1 case.Conclusion:Index finger proximal dorsal island flap supplied by SDMA is easy to operate, and has constant blood supply, improved rotation angle of the flap vessel base. It is a good method to repair the soft tissue defect of thumb.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate catheter directed thrombolysis in the treatment of early acute superior mesenteric artery embolization.Methods:The clinical data of 19 cases of acute superior mesenteric artery embolization treated with catheter directed thrombolysis therapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from Aug 2015 to Jul 2020 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:Fifteen cases were treated successfully with catheter directed thrombolysis , the blood flow and intestinal function restored significantly. The condition of 4 patients worsened during catheter directed thrombolysis therapy. Among them, three cases of intestinal necrosis were later confirmed by exploratory laparotomy and they recovered well after enterectomy. One elderly patient unsuitable for laparotomy died.Conclusion:Catheter directed thrombolysis is effective in the treatment of acute superior mesenteric artery embolization in early stage without intestinal necrosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1206-1211, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911343

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the risk prediction models for postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery and to evaluate the predictive efficacy.Methods:A total of 685 patients of both sexes, aged 65-90 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Ⅰ-Ⅳ, who underwent non-cardiac elective surgery requiring tracheal intubation during general anesthesia in general surgery, orthopedics, urology, hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery in our hospital from January 2020 to December 2020, were selected.Patients were assigned to the training set and validation set at a ratio of 7∶3 using a simple random sampling method.The clinical data of patients in the perioperative period were collected, and the patients were followed up within 1-7 days after operation (or before discharge), and the occurrence of POD was recorded.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors for POD.The risk prediction model for POD was established based on the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis of the training set, a nomogram and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were drawn, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated.The validation set was used to verify the prediction model and assess the efficacy of the risk prediction model for POD.Results:A total of 653 patients were enrolled in this study, 139 patients developed POD, and the incidence was 21.3%.The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that advanced age, high ASA physical status classification, low preoperative Mini-Mental State Examination score, complication with diabetes mellitus, low years of education, high preoperative Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale score, long anesthesia time and high numerical rating scale score after operation were independent risk factors for POD in elderly patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.The risk prediction model for POD was established based on the independent risk factors mentioned above.The AUC of the training set was 0.981, the Youden index was 0.881, the sensitivity was 95.95%, and the specificity was 92.92%; the AUC of the validation set was 0.939, the Youden index was 0.795, the sensitivity was 94.44%, and the specificity was 85.09%.Conclusion:The risk prediction model for POD established based on age, ASA physical status classification, history of diabetes melittus, years of education, preoperative Mini-Mental State Examination score, preoperative Pittsburgh sleep quality index scale score, anesthesia time and postoperative numerical rating scale score has good predictive efficacy in elderly patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the changes in proteome in hippocampus and bioinformatics analysis in mice with perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND).Methods:Clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 15 months, weighing 30-35 g, were divided into 2 groups ( n=9 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C) and group PND.The model of PND was established by performing open tibial fracture with intramedullary fixation under isoflurane anesthesia in anesthetized mice.The Morris water maze test, open field test and fear conditioning test were performed at 1 day before operation and at 1, 3 and 7 days after operation.At 1, 3 and 7 days after operation, 3 mice with worst cognitive performance in each cognitive function assessments were sacrificed in group P, and three mice were randomly sacrificed in group C. The hippocampal tissues were then obtained, the expression of differentially expressed proteins was identified by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and Gene Ontology (GO) functional analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed to analyze the differentially expressed proteins. Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency at different time points was significantly prolonged, and the percentage of time spend on target quadrant and the percentage of freezing time in fear conditioning test were decreased in group P ( P<0.05). There were 21 differentially expressed proteins, of which 12 proteins showed up-regulated expression and 9 proteins showed down-regulated expression.The GO functional analysis showed that the differentially expressed proteins were involved in the process such as the metabolism, signal transmission, regulation of biological processes, formed cell components such as synapses and organelles, and were related to molecular function such as binding and transportation.KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that there were also differences in MAPK signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway, AMPK signaling pathway and the transport of SNARE protein in vesicle and etc. Conclusion:There are 21 differentially expressed proteins in the hippocampus of PND mice, and these proteins are involved in the pathophysiological process probably related to PND such as neuroinflammatory responses, abnormal synaptic structure, mitochondrial dysfunction and decreased autophagy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative cerebrospinal fluid/serum albumin ratio (Q-alb) and postoperative delirium (POD) in patients undergoing neuraxial anesthesia.Methods:The patients, aged 40-90 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, underwent total knee/hip replacement under combined spinal-epidural block in our hospital from January 2018 to December 2020, were collected.After admission to the operating room, venous blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected for determination of cerebrospinal fluid albumin, β-amyloid (Aβ) 1-42, Aβ 1-40, total tau protein (t-Tau), phosphorylated tau protein (p-Tau) and serum albumin levels (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and for calculation of Q-alb.When Q-alb was more than 10.2, the patient was considered to have blood-brain barrier disruption.Mini-Mental State Examination scale was used to evaluate the cognitive level on 1 day before surgery. The development of POD was evaluated using Confusion Assessment Method Chinese Reversion and Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale at 1-7 days after surgery.The patients were divided into POD group (P group) and non-POD (NP group) according to whether POD occurred.The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the accuracy of Q-alb in predicting POD. Results:There were 49 cases in each group.Compared with group NP, concentrations of Aβ 1-42 and Aβ 1-40 were significantly decreased, concentrations of t-Tau and p-Tau albumin were increased, the ratio of Q-alb and blood-brain barrier disruption was increased in group P ( P<0.05). Before and after adjusting for confounding factors, Q-alb, cerebrospinal fluid Aβ 1-42, Aβ 1-40, t-Tau and p-Tau levels were risk factors for POD ( P<0.05). There was a positive linear regression relationship between Q-alb and levels of t-Tau and p-Tauin cerebrospinal fluid (t-Tau: β=0.587, P<0.001; p-Tau: β=0.427, P<0.001), and there was a negative linear regression relationship between Q-alb and levels of Aβ 1-42 and Aβ 1-40 in cerebrospinal fluid (Aβ 1-42: β=-0.762, P<0.001; Aβ 1-40: β=-0.531, P<0.001). There was no linear regression relationship between Q-alb and level of p-Tau in group P ( P=0.121). There was no linear regression relationship between Q-alb and level of Aβ 1-40 in group NP ( P=0.467). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve for Q-alb in predicting POD (95% confidence interval) was 0.827 (0.738-0.896). Conclusion:Preoperative higher Q-alb is the risk factor for POD in patients undergoing neuraxial anesthesia, and is more accurate in predicting POD.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911229

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between preoperative subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients.Methods:A total of 292 elderly patients of both sexes, aged 65-90 yr, weighing 50-90 kg, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅱ, with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score>23 and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score > 26 at 1 day before operation, underwent total knee/hip arthroplasty under combined spinal-epidural block in our hospital from January to December 2020, were collected.The development of SCD was evaluated using subjective cognitive decline scale at 1 day before operation.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was extracted after successful spinal-epidural anesthesia puncture, the concentrations of β-amyloid protein 40 (Aβ 40), Aβ 42, total tau (t-tau) and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The incidence of POD was evaluated using confusion assessment method during post-anesthesia care unit and at 1-7 days after operation (or before discharge). Patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group according to whether POD occurred within 7 days after operation.The risk factors of which P values were less than 0.05 would enter the logistic regression analysis to stratify the risk factor for incidence of POD. Results:A total of 205 patients were enrolled and 53 patients developed POD (25.8%). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative SCD, and increased CSF p-tau and t-tau concentrations were risk factors for POD of elderly patients, and increased CSF Aβ 42 concentration and Aβ 40/p-tau, Aβ 40/t-tau, Aβ 42/p-tau and Aβ 42/t-tau were the protective factors for POD in elderly patients ( P<0.05). After correction of the confounding factors such as age, sex, body weight, education, the history of smoking and drinking, hypertension, diabetes and coronary heart disease, family history of dementia, Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), MMSE and MoCA score at 1 day before operation, duration of surgery, duration of anesthesia, intraoperative volume of infusion and blood loss and postoperative pain score, SCD, and increased CSF p-tau and t-tau concentrations were still the risk factors for POD in elderly patients, and increased CSF Aβ 42 concentration and Aβ 40/p-tau, Aβ 40/t-tau, Aβ 42/p-tau and Aβ 42/t-tau were still the protective factors for POD in elderly patients ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Preoperative SCD is the risk factor for POD in elderly patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) nerve injury-related proteins levels in predicting postoperative delirium (POD) in patients.Methods:A total of 1 000 patients of both sexes, aged 40-90 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, with Mini-Mental State Examination score>24 at 1 day before operation, undergoing elective knee/hip arthroplasty under spinal-epidural anesthesia , were enrolled in this study.Cubital venous blood samples were drawn before anesthesia for detection of the concentrations of plasma total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein and triglyceride.CSF 2ml was extracted after successful spinal-epidural anesthesia puncture for measurement of concentrations of α-synuclein (α-syn), β-amyloid protein 1-40 (Aβ 1-40), Aβ 1-42, total-Tau (t-Tau), phosphorylated Tau (p-Tau), progranulin (PGRN) and soluble myeloid cell triggering receptor 2 (sTREM2) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). The Confusion Assessment Method was used at 1, 3 and 7 days after surgery to evaluate the occurrence of POD.The patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group according to whether POD occurred after operation.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the variables of which P values were less than 0.05 to analyze the risk factors for POD.The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn and area (AUC) under the curve was calculated to evaluate the accuracy of the related risk factors in predicting POD. Results:A total of 964 patients were enrolled in the study, and 108 patients were diagnosed with POD, and the incidence was 11.2%.The results of logistic regression analysis found that age and and increased α-syn in CSF concentration were risk factors for POD, and decreased PGRN in CSF concentration and Aβ 1-42/p-Tau in CSF were the protective factors for POD ( P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that α-syn (AUC 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.634-0.748, sensitivity 57.41%, specificity 82.10%, Youden Index 0.3951), PGRN in CSF concentration (AUC 0.695, 95%CI 0.637-0.750, sensitivity 59.26%, specificity 80.86%, Youden Index 0.4012) and Aβ 1-42/p-Tau in CSF (AUC 0.635, 95%CI 0.574-0.692, sensitivity 93.52%, specificity 30.25%, Youden Index 0.2377) could predict the occurrence of POD. Conclusion:PGRN, α-syn concentration and Aβ 1-42/p-Tau in CSF can predict the occurrence of POD in patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of α-synuclein (α-syn) concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in predicting postoperative delirium (POD).Methods:One thousand patients underwent elective surgery with combined epidural-spinal anesthesia in our hospital from January 2018 to September 2020 were selected.The epidural puncture was performed at L 3, 4 interspace, and 2 ml of CSF was collected after the needle reaching the subarachnoid space.The concentrations of α-syn, β-amyloid (Aβ)40, Aβ42, total tau protein (T-tau), and phosphorylated tau protein (P-tau) in CSF were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The concentrations of α-syn in CSF and occurrence of POD in patients of different ages were recorded.Patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group according to whether POD occurred, and frequency matching (1∶1) was performed based on five matching variables of age, ASA physical status, education level, duration of operation, and intraoperative blood loss. Results:Eight hundred and forty-one patients were finally included in the study, and the incidence of POD was 15.0%. There were 126 cases in POD group and 126 cases in non-POD group after matching. The concentrations of α-syn in CSF and incidence of POD were gradually increased with age ( P<0.05). Compared with non-POD group, the concentrations of α-syn, T-tau and P-tau in CSF were significantly increased, the concentrations of Aβ40 and Aβ42 were decreased, Aβ40/P-tau, Aβ42/P-tau, Aβ42/Aβ40 and P-tau/T-tau were decreased in POD group ( P<0.05). After confounding factors were corrected by logistic regression analysis, increased concentrations of α-syn, p-tau, and T-tau in CSF were risk factors for POD ( P<0.05). Increased concentrations of Aβ40 and Aβ42 in CSF and increased Aβ40/P-tau and Aβ42/P-tau were protective factors for POD ( P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the concentration of α-syn in CSF was negatively correlated with Aβ40 and Aβ42 concentrations and positively correlated with P-tau and T-tau concentrations ( P<0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of concentrations of α-syn in CSF predicting POD was 0.895, Youden index was 0.664, sensitivity was 80.00%, and specificity was 86.36% ( P<0.001). Conclusion:The concentration of α-syn in CSF is related to the occurrence of POD, and it provides higher accuracy in predicting POD.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 414-422, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy and safety of 100 units of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) intradetrusor injection in patients with overactive bladder.Methods:From April 2016 to December 2018, 17 tertiary hospitals were selected to participate in this prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Two phases of study were conducted: the primary phase and the extended phase. This study enrolled patients aged 18 to 75 years who had been inadequately managed by anticholinergic therapy (insufficient efficacy or intolerable side effects) and had spontaneous voiding with overactive bladder. Exclusion criteria included patients with severe cardiac, renal and hepatic disorders, patients with previous botulinum toxin treatment for 6 months or allergic to BTX-A, patients with urinary tract infections, patients with urinary stones, urinary tract tumors, diabetes mellitus, and bleeding tendency. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to BTX-A group and placebo control group in a ratio of 2∶1. Two groups of patients received 20 intradetrusor injections of BTX-A 100U or placebo at the depth of the submucosal muscle layer respectively under cystoscope, including 5 injections at the base of the bladder, 3 injections to the bladder triangle, 5 injections each to the left and right walls and 2 injections to the top, sparing the bladder neck. As a placebo control group, patients received same volume of placebo containing no BTX-A and only adjuvant freeze-dried preparations for injection with the same method. A combination of gelatin, sucrose, and dextran served as adjuvants. Average micturition times per 24 hours, urinary incontinence (UI) episodes per day, average micturition volume per day, OAB symptom score(OABSS), and quality of life (QOL) score were recorded at baseline and the 2nd, 6th and 12th week after treatment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline in the average micturition times per 24 hours at the 6th week after treatment. The secondary efficacy endpoints included the change from baseline in the average micturition times per 24 hours at 2nd and 12th week, as well as the change from baseline in the OABSS, QOL score, average frequency of urgency and UI episodes per day, urgency score, average micturition volume per day at 2nd, 6th and 12th week after treatment. Patients were followed for 12 weeks to assess adverse events (AEs). After assessed at week 12, if the micturition times has decreased less than 50% compared to baseline and the patient is willing to receive retreatment, then patients could enter the extended trial phase. In that phase, patients in both groups were injected with 100 units BTX-A from 12th week onwards and then followed up the same indicators for 12 weeks.Results:216 patients were enrolled in this trial (144 cases in the BTX-A group and 72 cases in the placebo control group). Baseline characteristics such as age (47.75±14.20 in the BTX-A group and 46.39±15.55 in the control group), sex (25 male/117 female in the BTX-A group and 10/61 in the control group), and disease duration (0.51 years in the BTX-A group and 0.60 years in the control group) were balanced between the two groups( P>0.05). A marked reduction from baseline in average micturition times per 24 hours was observed in all treatment groups at the 6th week and the reduction of the two groups was statistically different ( P<0.001 and P=0.008 respectively). Compared with the baseline, the average micturition times per 24 hours at the 6th week decreased from baseline by 2.40(0.70, 4.60)times for the BTX-A group and 0.70(-1.00, 3.30) times for the placebo control group respectively, and the difference between the two groups was considered to be statistically significant ( P=0.003). The change rates of average micturition times per 24 hours from baseline at the 6th week of the two groups were (16±22)% and (8±25)% respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.014). Compared with the baseline, the average micturition times per 24 hours at 2nd and 12th week decreased by 2.00(0.00, 4.00)and 3.30(0.60, 5.03)for the BTX-A group, 1.00(-1.00, 3.00)and 1.70(-1.45, 3.85)for the placebo control group respectively. The difference between two groups was considered to be statistically significant ( P=0.038 and P=0.012); the changes of average urgency times per day for the BTX-A group and the control group at the 2nd, 6th and 12th week were 2.00(0.00, 4.30)and 2.40(0.30, 5.00), 3.00(0.30, 5.70)and 0.70(-1.30, 2.70), 0.70(-1.30, 3.00) and 1.35(-1.15, 3.50), respectively. There were significant differences between two groups at the 2nd, 6th and 12th week, ( P=0.010, P=0.003 and P=0.025, respectively). The OABSS of the BTX-A group and the control group at the 6th week decreased by 1.00(0.00, 4.00)and 0.50(-1.00, 2.00) compared with the baseline, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.003). 47 cases of BTX-A group and 34 cases of placebo control group entered the extended trial phase, and 40 and 28 cases completed the extended trial phase, respectively. The average micturition volume per 24 hours changed by -16.60(-41.60, -0.60)ml and -6.40(-22.40, 13.30)ml, (-35.67±54.41)ml and(-1.76±48.69)ml, (-36.14±41.51)ml and (-9.28±44.59)ml, (-35.85±43.35)ml and(-10.41±40.29)ml for two groups at the 12th, 14th, 18th and 24th week, and the difference between two groups was statistically significant at each follow-up time ( P=0.01, 0.006, 0.012 and 0.016, respectively). There was no significant difference in other parameters( P>0.05). However, adverse reactions after intradetrusor injection included increased residual urine volume (27 in the BTX-A group and 3 in the control group), dysuria (21 in the BTX-A group and 6 in the control group), urinary infection (19 in the BTX-A group and 6 in the control group), bladder neck obstruction (3 in the BTX-A group and 0 in the control group), hematuria (3 in the BTX-A group and 1 in the control group), elevated alanine aminotransferase (3 in the BTX-A group and 0 in the control group), etc. During the follow-up period, there was no significant difference in the other adverse events between two groups except the increase of residual urine volume( P<0.05). In the primary trial phase, among the 27 cases with increased residual urine volume in BTA group, only 1 case (3.70%) with PVR more than 300 ml; the PVR of 3 patients in the placebo group was less than 100 ml. The increase of residual urine volume caused by the injection could be improved or disappeared with the passage of time. Conclusions:Intradetrusor injection of Chinese BTX-A improved the average micturition times per 24 hours, the average daily urgent micturition times, OABSS, and average micturition volume per time, and reduced the adverse effects in patients with overactive bladder.Chinese BTX-A at dose of 100U demonstrated durable efficacy and safety in the management of overactive bladder.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1776-1784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the experience of the treatment of patella inferior pole fracture with non excitation tension band technique.Methods:From April 2009 to December 2019, 76 patients with inferior patellar fracture were treated with non excitation tension band technique. There were 42 males and 34 females; The age was 35.48 ± 18.12 years (17-66 years), with an average of 35 years. There were 45 cases on the left and 31 cases on the right. Causes of injury: fall injury in 46 cases, bicycle injury in 16 cases and traffic accident injury in 14 cases. The time from injury to operation was 0.25-5 d, with an average of 3.2 d. There were 18 cases of open fractures, 64 cases of articular surface fractures and 52 cases of comminuted fractures. Open fracture patients were debridement first, and all cases were fixed with non excitation tension band technique. The intraoperative fracture reduction, postoperative fracture healing and internal fixation were observed. The knee function was evaluated according to the degree of claudication, the use of supports, the feeling of joint strangulation, joint instability, pain, swelling, stair climbing and squatting.Results:All 76 patients successfully completed the operation and were followed up for 18.24 ± 6.18 months (range 12-24 months). There was no wire fracture during and after operation. All incisions healed in the first stage after operation, and there was no deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs. The X-ray film showed that there was no further fracture and fracture displacement after operation, and there was no Kirschner wire slip before the internal fixation was taken out. Only one case had steel wire relaxation due to buckle (which did not affect fracture healing). All fractures healed well, with an average of 7.5 weeks, and the fracture line basically disappeared. 12 months after operation, according to Lysholm knee score standard, the knee function of patients was evaluated. The score of 76 cases was 95.40±4.60 points (range 82-100 points): excellent in 54 cases, good in 21 cases and fair in 1 case. The excellent and good rate was 98.7%. According to the visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score standard, the patients were scored for postoperative pain. The score of 76 cases was 0.09±2.05 points (range 0-3 points): 4 cases had mild pain, with an average score of 0.09.Conclusion:The results of the treatment of patellar inferior pole fracture with tension free band technique are satisfactory, the pain caused by tissue irritation by the internal fixation was lower, clinical application can be popularized.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1673-1682, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of one-stage posterior-only jumping hemivertebra (HV) resection combined with respective short fusions in the treatment of congenital scoliosis (CS) caused by multiple HVs.Methods:All of 13 consecutive patients with multiple HVs treated surgically from January 2010 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed, including 4 males and 9 females with a mean age of 3.7±1.2 years. One child had 4 HVs, and the rest had 2 HVs. The responsible HVs causing local scoliosis/kyphosis deformity or coronal plane deviation were selected as the target of resection. The distal HV was removed firstly and then the proximal one was resected; both of the fixation vertebraes were horizontalized during surgery. The clinical and imaging data of the children before the initial operation, immediately after the operation and at the latest follow-up were collected, and the short-term and long-term complications related to surgery were recorded. The data were evaluated on the whole-standing spine anteroposterior and lateral films, including the corrections of proximal and distal main curves, coronal balance, local kyphosis, and the improvement of spinal growth height (upper and lower internal fixation length, T 1-S 1 length). At the same time, the re-progression of coronal and sagittal deformities of the spine during growth was recorded (coronal decompensation: emerging postoperative curve progression more than 20°; kyphosis progression: kyphosis aggravation between upper and lower internal fixation more than 40°) and internal-fixation-related complications (screw cutting, screw malposition) were recorded. Results:Dual HVs were resected in each child, of which 8 (61.5%) were located on contralateral side of the spine, and 5 (38.5%) were located on ipsilateral side of the spine. The follow-up time was 6.2±3.3 years (range 2.0-10.5 years) after surgery. The Cobb angles of proximal and distal main curves were 36.7°±11.8° and 35.2°±7.8° respectively before surgery and were corrected to 9.7°±6.6° and 6.1°±4.1° respectively after surgery ( F=31.249, F=93.83, P< 0.001) ( t=6.888, t=10.954, P<0.001), and the correction rates was 73.6%±19.6% and 82.7%±11.7%, respectively. They were maintained at 14.3°±5.4° and 8.0°±4.6° at the latest follow-up, showing the correction rates loss of 15.8%±26.9% and 6.9%±7%, respectively. The coronal balance improved from 17.2±14.8 mm pre-operatively to -0.2±15.7 mm postoperatively ( t=2.703, P=0.008), and it remained at 0±18.4 mm at the final follow-up ( F=4.137, P=0.024). The T 1-S 1 length was corrected to 273.8±27.3 mm postoperatively, slightly increased compared with pre-operation 256.3±24.0 mm, ( t=0.680, P=0.527), and significantly increased to 333.2±33.4 mm at the latest follow-up ( t=2.986, P<0.001; F=6.704, P=0.003). Seven patients had local kyphosis before operation, which was significantly improved from 32.2°±13.6° to 6.1°±9.8° with a correction rate of 93.4%±27.0% after surgery ( t=3.355, P=0.004), which showed no significant loss of correction at the latest follow-up (5.4°±10.4°) ( F=11.187, P=0.002). Six patients (46.2%) developed coronal decompensation (Curve magnitude >20 °), with an average of 21.7°±1.9°. Two cases (15.4%) had progressive kyphosis between the thoracic regional internal fixations at 3 months after surgery, which were 68° and 58° respectively. After bracing, both coronal decompensation and sagittal kyphosis were improved. At the last follow-up, the coronal decompensation was improved to 14.7±8.9° and the kyphosis was alleviated to 55° and 46°, respectively. Conclusion:Posterior-only skipping hemivertebra resection and short fusion is a safe, effective procedure yielding significantly improvement of the growth imbalance and reginal spinal deformities of CS with multiple HVs. The mid-term follow-up results showed that the progress of the scoliosis was common during the growth period, which could be further controlled by supplementary brace treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1614-1622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of the cross-sectional area of lumbar paraspinal muscle with the spino-pelvic profile based on Roussouly classification.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2019, 102 patients with lumbar disc herniation were collected, the index level included L 2, 3 in 3 cases(2.9%), L 3, 4 in 14 cases(13.7%), L 4,5 in 58 cases (56.9%), and L 5S 1 in 27 cases (23.5%). According to Roussouly classification, there were 29 cases of type I (28.4%), aged 57.0±11.7 years old (range 43 to 72 years old), 31 of type II (30.4%), aged 56.9±10.3 years old (range 40 to 70 years old), 28 of type III (27.5%), aged 53.5±12.9 years old (range 42 to 70 years old), and 14 of type IV (13.7%), aged 59.7±9.5 years old (range 51 to 70 years old). The clinical status of the patients were evaluated with the MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and visual analog scale (VAS). Select all patients with L 1, 2, L 2, 3, L 3, 4, L 4, 5 and L 5S 1 disc level axial MRI images, to measure the cross-sectional area (CSA) of paraspinal muscles (back extensor muscle and psoas muscle) and the CSA of intervertebral disc at each disc level, and calculate the relative cross-sectional area (RCSA: the ratio of the CSA of muscles to that of the disc at the same level). One-way ANOVA was used to test the RCSA of the paraspinal muscles of the four groups, and then LSD- t test was used for pair wise comparisons to compare the RCSA of the paraspinal muscles in each group. Results:There was no significant difference in age ( F=1.067, P=0.367), female/male sex ratio ( χ2=2.412, P=0.491) and body mass index ( F=0.326, P=0.481). Roussouly type I group showed lower SF-36 score in both SF-36 PCS (31.5±6.5, F=3.207, P=0.047) and SF-36 MCS (33.9±5.7, F=3.409, P=0.031) compared with the other three types. In contrast, there were no significant differences in VAS Back Pain ( F=0.140, P>0.05), VAS leg pain ( F=0.622, P>0.05). and ODI scores ( F=1.075, P>0.05) among the types. At each level from L 1, 2 to L 5S 1, the RCSA of psoas muscle in Roussouly type IV (19.18±6.98, 35.36±10.37, 41.25±14.35, 61.58±12.03, 59.29±11.73) was significantly lower than that in patients with any other Roussouly type ( P<0.05), while no significant difference in the psoas RCSA among type I, type II and type III curves ( P>0.05). With regards to back extensor muscle, the RCSAs of back extensor muscle in Roussouly types I (135.32±19.86, 138.53±22.92, 125.06±21.44, 122.40±19.69, 110.87±18.08) and II (131.30±18.68, 136.39±24.87, 122.61±22.52, 121.10±20.47, 107.46±18.29) were significantly lower than those in Roussouly type III and IV at each level ( P<0.05), yet no significant difference between type I and II or between type III and IV. The ratio between the RCSA of back extensor muscle and psoas muscle in four types increased gradually from L 1, 2 to L 5S 1, with that being higher in type II (0.20±0.07, 0.33±0.09, 0.40±0.13, 0.58±0.11, 0.65±0.08) and lower in type IV (0.13±0.05, 0.24±0.07, 0.31±0.10, 0.47±0.10, 0.52±0.11). Conclusion:RCSA of paraspinal muscles varied among Roussouly types, suggesting a significant association between paraspinal muscles and the sagittal spino-pelvic alignment. Sagittal spino-pelvic alignment may be involved in the degeneration of paraspinal muscles.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1607-1613, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910754

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of lateral tibial periosteum distraction on diabetic foot and vasculitis foot.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 13 patients (16 feet) who received lateral tibial periosteal distraction between June 2019 and May 2020 were included in the study. 9 males and 4 females; aged 39-77 years (average 66 years); left foot 7 cases, right foot 9 cases. 5 cases were patients with diabetic foot, 1 case was diabetic foot with arteriosclerosis obliterans, 2 cases were thromboembolic vasculitis, and 5 cases were arteriosclerosis obliterans. The tibial periosteum was dissected and a distraction device was placed. In the 3 patients with foot ulcers, tibial periosteum distraction devices were placed on the severer side. The periosteal distraction began on the third day after surgery, about 0.75 mm/d, the adjustment was done usually in two weeks. Two weeks later, the stretch plate was removed surgically. The followings were evaluated: visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score, foot peripheral oxygen saturation, foot capillary filling test, lower extremity arterial CT angiography (CTA), etc.Results:All 13 patients were followed up for 2-12 weeks, with an average of 3.85 weeks. VAS pain score: the average pain score of 13 patients with preoperative foot pain was 5.31±1.84 (range, 2-9) points, and 2 weeks after surgery, the average value was 2.46±1.39 (range, 1-6) points with statistical significance ( t=6.124, P<0.001) ; peripheral foot oxygen saturation: the average preoperative blood oxygen saturation of 12 patients was 87.83%±14.83% (range, 50%-98%), 1 patient was not detected before surgery, and 2 weeks after operation, the average blood oxygen saturation was 92.33%±7.91% (range, 75%-99%). There was no significant difference between them ( t=1.124, P=0.285). The foot skin temperature of 10 patients was 35.68±0.85 ℃ (range, 34.00-36.60 ℃) before surgery and 36.23±0.46 ℃ (range, 35.50-36.90 ℃) after surgery, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.197, P=0.008) . Capillary filling test: 2 weeks after operation, the capillary filling response was significantly improved. All 13 patients had improved CTA of both lower extremity arteries before operation, and 11 patients had CTA taken back after two weeks of operation. Compared with preoperative CTA, new vascular network was found in the operation limb. In addition to 1 patient with thromboangiitis obliterans (mainly suffering from foot pain, no wound symptoms), 2 of 12 patients with heart failure, renal failure and other basic diseases did not heal, and the wounds of the other 10 patients had improved significantly 1 month later. Conclusion:Lateral tibia periosteum distraction can be used to treat chronic ischemic diseases of lower extremities with satisfactory postoperative results.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 815-824, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the natural history and outcomes of major neurological complications in spinal deformity correction surgery and to determine the risk factors for no neurological recovery.Methods:All of 7 851 patients with spinal deformity who underwent deformity correction from January 2000 to December 2017 were reviewed. Major neurological complication featured by complete or incomplete paralysis of single or both lower extremities was identified in 59 patients, including 28 males and 31 females with an average age of 25.0±16.3 (range 6 to 71 years old). Among these cases, 6 were adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, 22 were congenital scoliosis, 10 were neuromuscular scoliosis, 5 were neurofibromatosis type 1, and 16 were other types. 5 patients had complete paraplegia of the lower limbs, 17 patients had incomplete paralysis of the lower limbs, and 37 patients had incomplete paraplegia of unilateral lower limb. Treatment included implant removal, debridement of hematoma, loosening the fixation and decompression by laminectomy for mechanical injury, as well as transfusion and press agent for ischemic injury. The neurological function was determined by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading system.Fisher exact test and univariate logistics regression were used to determine the association between clinical, surgical parameters and no recovery of neurological function. For the identified factors with P value<0.10, multiple logistics regression was used to determine the independent risk factor for no recovery. Results:The incidence of major neurological complications was 0.75%(59/7851). At final follow-up, 42 patients (71.2%) had complete recovery and 10 patients (16.9%) had partial recovery, and 44 cases (74.6%) had recovery within 6 months. There were 7 cases had no recovery, including 3 with type I neurofibromatosis(ASIA: 1 grade A, 2 grade C), 1 with Scheuermann's disease (ASIA: grade C), 1 with arthrogryposis multiplex congenital (ASIA: grade B), 1 with poliomyelitis related scoliosis (ASIA:grade C), and 1 with idiopathic scoliosis (ASIA: grade A). Fisher test showed the distribution of etiology was statistically different between recovery and no recovery groups. Univariate logistics regression showed diagnosis as NF-1 ( OR=18.750, P=0.005), Cobb angle of the main curve >90° ( OR=4.444, P=0.073), preoperative deficit ( OR=5.750, P=0.046) and complete neurological injury ( OR=6.533, P=0.067) were potential risk factors for no recovery. Multivariate logistics regression showed that diagnosis with NF-I ( OR=35.477, P=0.005) was the risk factor for no recovery. Conclusion:For patients who underwent deformity correction that develops major neurological complications after surgery, 88.1% of patients were able to recover during follow-up, and 71.2% of patients achieved complete recovery. The first 3-6 month is the time window for neurological recovery. Patients with type I neurofibromatosis is the risk factor for no recovery.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910371

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impacts of electron streaming effect (ESE) on out-of-field dose distribution in 1.5 T MRI-guided radiotherapy.Methods:Firstly, the Monaco v5.40.1 (Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden) treatment planning system (TPS) was implemented to investigate the ESE in a square field (5 cm × 5 cm) at the entry and exit sides of a special homogeneous water phantom. Afterward, a retrospective investigation was conducted into one laryngeal cancer case and one breast cancer case who had been treated on a conventional linear particle accelerator (linac). Then doses were recalculated in the Monaco system using a Unity machine model. Meanwhile, the out-of-field skin dose enhancement induced by ESE was investigated.Results:ESE-induced dose variations were observed at both the entry and exit sides of the phantom surface in the presence of a magnetic field, with the ESE on the exit side notably stronger than that on the entry side. For the laryngeal cancer case, the ESE was not notable and had insignificant impacts on the out-of-field skin dose. In contrast, ESE-induced in-air high-dose region outside the body stretched to the chin area for the breast cancer case. This led to the skin dose escalation of the chin at D1 cm 3 454.6 cGy. After the application of 1 cm bolus, the corresponding skin dose of the chin D1 cm 3 reduced to as low as 113.6 cGy, which is almost equivalent to that in the absence of a magnetic field ( D1 cm 3=92.5 cGy). Conclusions:The ESE in a magnetic field can alter out-of-field dose and lead to local dose enhancement along the electron path. Although the ESE had insignificant impacts on the out-of-field dose of the laryngeal cancer case, it reached the chin area of the breast cancer case. ESE can be effectively shielded by adding protective bolus.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibilityof the adaptive radiotherapy using high-field MR-Linac systems for head neck cancers and perform the evaluation of target coverage and dose criteria.Methods:This study investigated 128 treatment plans of six patients who were treated on 1.5T MR-Linacsystems in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center in 2019, compared the differences in target coverage and dose criteria between the dose accumulation in the adaptive radiotherapy using MR-Linac systems and the reference plans, and evaluated the target coverage and dose criteria of each fraction of adaptive plan based on daily MRI anatomy.Results:There was no significant change in the target coverage and dose criteria for each treatment fraction(<1%). However, the change of lens dose was significant (maximum 98%). In addition, the result showed that there was no significant difference in target coverage and dose criteria between the dose accumulation in adaptive radiotherapy using MR-Linac systems and reference plans.In contrast, the average dose to lens was increased by 31.7%.Conclusions:It is feasible to perform adaptive radiotherapy using 1.5T MR-Linacsystems for head neck cancers according tothe evaluation of target coverage and dose criteria. Additionally, since the actual dose tolens was quite different from the reference plan, the lens exposure should be considered in clinical practice.

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