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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 142-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913179

ABSTRACT

Vaccination is an effective way to reduce the morbidity and mortality of infectious diseases. As a needle-free transcutaneous immunization (NF-TCI) vaccination technology, microneedles (MNs), composed of multiple micro-needles orderly attached to a substrate, can overcome the problems of low immune efficiency, poor compliance and waste of resources that exists in the conventional vaccination by injection, thus becoming a research hotspot in biomedicine. The microneedle vaccine can directly break through the stratum corneum barrier of the skin without touching nerves and blood vessels in the dermis, and effectively delivers the vaccine to the immune cells in the skin tissue to initiate the immune response of the body, thus triggering strong humoral and cellular immune processes. Vaccine delivery via the MNs system possesses the advantages of high safety, satisfying immune effect and practical economy, and shows great prospect in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases and antineoplastic therapy. This article reviews the development background of MNs in transcutaneous immunization, the types of vaccine delivery, the factors affecting the immune effect, the problems to be solved and development direction in the future.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908389

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the change trend and influencing factors of fecal calprotectin(FC) in very low birth weight(VLBW) infants, and to explore the application value of FC detection in the diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis(NEC) in VLBW infants.Methods:VLBW infants hospitalized in the neonatal department at Quanzhou Children′s Hospital from June 2018 to May 2019 were selected as research object for a prospective study.Fecal samples from the 1st, 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th and 35th days after birth and fecal samples from the acute and recovery stages of NEC were collected continuously.The content of FC was determined quantitatively by immunofluorescence assay.Results:(1) The FC level of non NEC VLBW infants from 1 to 35 days after birth was 143.5(47.8, 391.2) μg/g.Univariate analysis showed that the level of FC fluctuated with the postnatal age, the level of FC was the highest at 21 days, and then decreased.The level of FC increased significantly in formula feeding, premature rupture of membranes, neonatal sepsis, feeding intolerance and pregnant mothers without glucocorticoid before delivery( P< 0.05). (2) Multivariate covariance analysis showed that prenatal application of glucocorticoid( F=10.550, P=0.001), premature rupture of membranes( F=13.311, P<0.001), neonatal sepsis( F=8.001, P=0.005), feeding intolerance( F=4.751, P=0.030) and NEC( F=54.566, P<0.001) had significant effects on FC level.After controlling the effects of prenatal corticosteroid, premature rupture of membranes, neonatal sepsis and feeding intolerance, the levels of FC in NEC group and non-NEC group were 3 162.3(1 412.5-7 244.4)μg/g and 141.3(125.9-162.2)μg/g, respectively.In NEC group, the levels of FC in acute stage and recovery stage were 3 166.9(1 745.1, 6 806.4)μg/g and 130.9(97.4, 273.9)μg/g, respectively, with significant difference( t=10.304, P<0.001). While the levels of FC were 2 347.9(1 404.4, 5 893.4)μg/g in the mild NEC and 4 114.7(2 764.5, 9 208.4)μg/g in the moderate or severe NEC, respectively, with no significant difference( t=1.131, P=0.280). Conclusion:The levels of FC fluctuate with postnatal age and it is affected by multiple factors.FC maybe a useful marker for the diagnosis and evaluation of efficacy of NEC in VLBW infants.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of attention and interpretation therapy on sleep dysfunction and quality of life in perimenopausal syndrome patients.Methods:From August 2018 to January 2020, a total of 76 patients with perimenopausal syndrome were divided into experimental group (38 cases) and control group (38 cases) according to the random number table method. Two groups recieved routine therapy and nursing care, on the basis of this, the experimental group was given attention and interpretation therapy for 10 weeks. Before intervention and after 10 weeks of intervention, the effects were assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL), respectively.Results:There was no significant difference in the score of PSQI, MENQOL before intervention between the two groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, the sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep efficiency scores and total PSQI scores were 0.79±0.10, 1.48±0.23, 1.11±0.22, 9.70±0.59; in addition, the vasomotor symptoms, psychological symptoms, somatic symptoms and total MENQOL scores were 3.06±0.81, 2.06±0.81, 2.50±0.51, 2.63±0.39 in the experimental group, significanlty lower than those in the control group (1.03±0.22, 1.85±0.33, 1.25±0.28, 10.59±0.66, 3.69±0.95, 2.83±0.77, 2.92±0.94, 3.18±0.53), the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.306-6.021, P<0.05). Conclusions:Attention and interpretation therapy can effectively alliviate sleep dysfunction and improve quality of life of perimenopausal syndrome patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907556

ABSTRACT

Tumor cells and tumor microenvironment (TME) are closely related. It is known that many factors will change the TME, then affect tumor development, however the change of TME is also inseparable from tumor cells. More and more studies have confirmed that the regulation of TME is the key to anti-tumor therapy. Therefore, it is critical to understand the effect of tumor cells on TME.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Huanglian Jiedutang on learning and memory ability and the cholinergic system in Alzheimer's disease(AD) rats induced by amyloid <italic>β</italic>-protein(A<italic>β</italic>)<sub>1-42</sub>. Method:Sixty male SD rats were divided into normal group, model group, huperzine A group (2.1×10<sup>-5</sup> g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), high-, medium- and low dose of Huanglian Jiedutang groups (6,3,1.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). AD rat model was replicated by hippocampal injection of A<italic>β</italic><sub>1-42</sub>. After 4 weeks of treatment, Morris water maze test was performed. Hematoxylineosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of rat hippocampus. Sampling blood from abdominal aorta was taken. Acetylcholine (ACh), acetylcholinesterase (AchE) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in serum and hippocampus were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression of hippocampal <italic>α</italic>7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (<italic>α</italic>7nAChR) protein was detected by Western blot. The expression of hippocampal <italic>α</italic>7nAChR mRNA was detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with the normal group, there were obvious pathological changes in the model group,such as neuron necrosis in the cerebral cortex,pyramidal cell or granular cell necrosis in the hippocampus,disorder of arrangement and inflammatory cell infiltration,prolonged escape latency,decreased escape platform times,decreased residence time in the effective area and swimming path in the effective area (<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The contents of <italic>α</italic>7nAChR mRNA,ACh,AchE,ChAT,<italic>α</italic>7nAChR in the hippocampus decreased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the model group,the escape latency of the middle dose group was shorter (<italic>P<</italic>0.05), the escape platform times,the swimming path in the effective area and the residence time in the effective area increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01), the contents of serum ACh,ChAT, hippocampal AchE,ChAT and <italic>α</italic>7nAChR increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.05,). The expression of hippocampal <italic>α</italic>7nAChR protein significantly increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), the residence time of effective area in high dose group was prolonged (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), the times of escape platform increased,and the contents of serum ACh,ChAT and hippocampal ACh,AchE,<italic>α</italic>7nAChR protein and <italic>α</italic>7nAChR mRNA increased (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). Conclusion:Huanglian Jiedutang can significantly improve the learning and memory ability of AD rats induced by A<italic>β</italic><sub>1-42</sub>,and its mechanism may be related to the improvement of cholinergic system damage and enhancement of cholinergic system function induced by A<italic>β</italic><sub>1-42</sub>.

6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 886-891, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922171

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the risk factors for clinically significant PCa diagnosed by transrectal ultrasound-guided systematic prostate biopsy in patients with MRI-negative and PSA-abnormal findings.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2017, 335 male patients with MRI-negative (PI-RADS 2.0 score ≤ 2) and PSA-abnormal (4-30 ng/ml ) findings underwent systematic prostate biopsy guided by transrectal ultrasound under local anesthesia in our department. We collected and analyzed the demographic data, clinical symptoms, complications, past history and PSA density (PSAD) of the patients.@*RESULTS@#Clinically significant PCa was diagnosed in 21 (6.3%) of the 335 patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors were higher age (AUC: 0.704, P 71 years old or with PSAD >0.18 ng/ml/ml so as to avoid missed diagnosis and unnecessary invasive biopsy as well. /.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921569

ABSTRACT

Right-sided colon cancer and left-sided colorectal cancer have significant differences in epidemiology,clinical features,tumor differentiation,response to treatment,prognosis,and molecular characteristics.The former has lower prevalence than the latter and is mainly associated with female and elderly patients,with poor tumor differentiation,strong invasion,poor prognosis,and weak response to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors.Thus,it is generally believed that the primary location of colorectal cancer is closely associated with prognosis,acting as an independent prognostic factor for therapeutic efficacy.Recent studies have revealed the genetic differences between right-sided colon cancer and left-sided colorectal cancer,providing explanations for the biological differences.This review summarizes the recent advances on the differences between left-and right-sided colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Female , Humans , Prognosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887482

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of long-term moxa smoke exposure of different concentrations on olfactory function in rats, and provide experimental basis of safety study of moxa smoke produced by moxibustion.@*METHODS@#Forty SD rats were randomly divided into a normal control group, a low-concentration moxa smoke group, a moderate-concentration moxa smoke group and a high-concentration moxa smoke group, 10 rats in each one. The rats in the moxa smoke groups were put into three plexiglass moxibustion boxes with different moxa smoke concentrations, 4 hours per times, twice a day for 90 days. The general state of rats was evaluated before and during the experiment. After the intervention, the olfactory function was evaluated by two-bottle experiment (TBE); the morphology of nasal mucosa was observed by HE staining; the apoptosis of olfactory epithelial cells in nasal mucosa was detected by TUNEL method; the serum levels of interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA method.@*RESULTS@#In the late stage of moxa smoke exposure (45-90 days into intervention), the behavioral activity of rats in the moderate-concentration moxa smoke group and the high-concentration moxa smoke group was weaker than that in the normal control group, and their response to stimulation was strong, and their mental state was worse. After intervention, the drinking rate of vinegar-water mixture in the moderate-concentration moxa smoke group and the high-concentration moxa smoke group was higher than that in the normal control group and the low-concentration moxa smoke group (@*CONCLUSION@#The long-term exposure to low, moderate and high concentrations of moxa smoke could cause pathological changes in nasal mucosa and increase the serum levels of IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α; the moderate and high concentrations of moxa smoke exposure could cause a series of damage to olfactory function and reduce olfactory sensitivity in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Smoke/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the outcome of posterior staphyloma (PS) marginal retinal photocoagulation in pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for high myopia macular hole retinal detachment eyes accompanied with PS.Methods:From January 2017 to June 2019, 49 patients (49 eyes) with high myopia macular hole retinal detachment accompanied with PS who were undergone PPV operation from Tianjin Eye Hospital were included in this study. There were 13 males (13 eyes) and 36 females (36 eyes). All patients underwent best corrected visual acuities (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography examinations. The standard logarithmic visual acuity chart was used for BCVA examination, and the visual acuity was converted to minimum resolution angle in logarithmic (logMAR) when recorded. The patients were randomly divided into two groups according to surgical options: conventional PPV with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling (group A, 24 eyes), PS marginal retinal photocoagulation in PPV with ILM peeling (group A, 25 eyes). The mean preoperative logMAR BCVA of group A and B were 1.87±0.28 and 1.80±0.37, the difference was not statistically significant ( t=0.604, P=0.551). The patients in the group A received 23G PPV, triamcinolone acetonide staining during the operation, the epiretinal membrane was peeled off, indocyanine green assisted staining, the posterior macular ILM was peeled off, and the peripheral retina was examined in detail during the operation. Areas with retinal degeneration were reinforced by laser photocoagulation, and the subretinal fluid was drained through the macular hole and filled with silicone oil. The eyes of the group B were subjected to retinal photocoagulation for 2 to 3 rows at the edge of the PS in addition to the usual surgical procedures. The average follow-up time was 8.34±3.21 months. Surgical outcome were estimated by the average number of operation, retinal reattachment rate, macular hole closure rate and BCVA. The χ2 test or Fisher exact probability was used to compare the count data. Independent sample t test was used to compare the measurement data. Results:Retinal reattachment was obtained in 17 eyes (70.8%, 17/24) and 24 eyes (96.0%, 24/25) in group A and B after first surgery respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=3.984, P=0.046). Final retinal reattachment was obtained in all 49 eyes. Final macular hole closure was in 15 eyes (62.5%, 15/24) and 19 eyes (76.0%, 19/25) in group A and B, respectively, the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=1.051, P=0.305). The mean postoperative logMAR BCVA of group A (1.20±0.47) and B (1.08±0.39) were all improved than preoperative BCVA, the differences were all statistically significant ( t=2.899, 5.327; P=0.001, 0.000), the differences of mean postoperative logMAR BCVA between two groups was not statistically significant ( t=0.675, P=0.506). The mean number of operation of group A (2.63±0.88) was more than group B (2.08±0.28), the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.003, P=0.006). Conclusion:In comparison with conventional PPV, combined PS marginal retinal photocoagulation can improve retinal reattachment rate after first surgery, and reduce the number of reoperations.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 220-225, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and neuroimaging features of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) of the central nervous system and the survival prognosis in different locations.Methods:The clinical data of 27 patients with AT/RT confirmed by biopsy or postoperative pathology in Sanbo Brain Hospital of Capital Medical University from October 2012 to September 2020 were collected, including 17 males and 10 females, aged (7.6±10.0) years, ranging from 0.2 to 39.0 years old.The clinical features and the results of the first preoperative imaging examination were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into supratentorial, infratentorial and trans supratentorial and infratentorial groups according to the location.The survival time of the three groups was compared by Kaplan-Meier survival curve.Results:All patients presented with headache, including 12 cases with vomiting.There were 12 cases of supratentorial, 10 cases of infratentorial and 5 cases of supratentorial and infratentorial.There were 20 cases of cystic degeneration, 7 cases of calcification, 6 cases of hemorrhage and 13 cases of peritumoral edema.The median survival time of patients with infratentorial AT/RT was longer than that of patients with supratentorial and transtentorial AT/RT (χ 2=7.353, P=0.025). Conclusion:Central nervous system AT/RT is easy to occur in young children, and the survival time of AT/RT patients is longer.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 6-9,14, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884000

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on reducing urethral stimulation in patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery.Methods:From January 2019 to February 2020, 90 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery under general anesthesia in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were selected. They were randomly divided into 3 groups: catheterization before induction (group A), catheterization during induction (group B), and catheterization after induction (group C). In group A, patients received general anesthesia after awake catheterization. In group B, intravenous injection of DEX 0.5 μg/kg was pumped for 10 minutes, followed by catheterization and induction. In group C, patients received general anesthesia and then catheterization. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score of urethral stimulation, morphine dosage and the incidence of agitation during resuscitation were recorded. The heart rate and mean arterial pressure of the three groups were compared at the time of entering the room, catheterization, tracheal intubation, entering postanesthesia care unit (PACU), about extubation and 30 minutes after extubation.Results:The fluctuation of blood pressure and heart rate in group B was significantly less than that in group A and group C at the time of extubation and 30 minutes after extubation ( P<0.05). VAS of urethral stimulation in group B [(2.9±0.9)point] was significantly lower than that in group A [(4.4±1.8)point] when catheter was indwelling ( P<0.05). After extubation, VAS in group B [(2.8±1.1)point] was significantly lower than that in group A [(3.2±1.2)point] and C [(5.2±1.8)point] ( P<0.05). The utilization rate of morphine within 24 hours after surgery in group B (10%) was significantly lower than that in the other two groups (40%, 57%), and the incidence of postoperative agitation in group A and B was lower than that in group C within PACU ( P<0.05). The satisfaction of patients in group B (86.7%) was higher than that in group A (70%) and C (46.7%). The satisfaction of PACU personnel in group A (76.7%) and B (80%) was significantly higher than that in group C (43.3%). Conclusions:Sedation with dexmedetomidine during urethral catheterization can reduce urethral stimulation during resuscitation and improve patients' and PACU staffs' satisfaction.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 137-141, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the plague epidemic characteristics in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province, and to provide scientific basis for innovative prevention and control of the plague in combination with local conditions. Methods:A retrospective study was used to collect the monitoring data of the natural foci of plague in Gansu Province from 2011 to 2018 (from the epidemic surveillance files of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Gansu Province and direct network reporting information). Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the plague epidemic characteristics of natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province from 2011 to 2018, including the distribution of host animals, pathogenic and serological testing of the plague bacteria, and the epidemic characteristics of human plague. Results:From 2011 to 2018, the total average marmot density in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province was 0.21/hm 2, of which Tianzhu County had the highest average marmot density of 0.58/hm 2, and Jiayuguan City had the lowest average marmot density of 0.01/hm 2. A total of 381 strains of Yersinia pestis were isolated in the foci, of which 4 were isolated from human corpses, 298 were host animals, and 79 were infectious vectors. Among them, the top 3 counties (cities) of isolated strains were Aksai County (38.85%, 148 strains), Subei County (31.50%, 120 strains) and Yumen City (16.27%, 62 strains). A total of 6 860 marmot serum, 1 769 dog serum were tested, the F1 antibody positive rates were 2.70% (185/6 860), 8.42% (149/1 769); and the F1 antigen positive rate of 814 animal materials was 4.30% (35/814), respectively. There were 4 times of human plague, 4 cases occurred and 4 cases died; 3 times occurred in Subei County and 1 time in Yumen City. The onset months were July, September, November and December. Active contact with infected animals such as shepherd dogs was the main route of infection, and migrant herders were the key occupation population. Conclusions:The animal epidemic situation in the natural foci of the Qilian Mountains-A-erh-chin Mountains Himalayan marmot plague in Gansu Province is active, and the plague presents different epidemic states in different regions. The prevention and control measures should be taken according to local conditions and guided by classification to strictly prevent the occurrence and transmission of the plague.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 58 patients undergoing laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from August 2012 to August 2019 were collected. There were 5 males and 53 females, aged from 15 to 70 years, with a median age of 38 years. All the 58 patients underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions and the combined operation through the transsacral approach was chosen according to the patient condition. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) postoperative histopathological examination; (4) follow-up. Patients were followed up regularly using outpatient examination once every 6 months during the first postoperative year and once every 12 months after the first postoperative year. The recurrence of cysts was evaluated by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging examinations during the follow-up up to August 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD and measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical situations: of the 58 patients, 54 cases underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions and 4 cases underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions combined with the transsacral approach operation. One of the 58 patients who had a huge cyst surrounding the rectum underwent transverse colostomy after repairing the damage of separated posterior wall of rectum. Two cases underwent preventive transverse colostomy because the external rectal wall heat injury could not be excluded after separation of the tight adhesion between cyst and rectum. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss were (123±56)minutes, 20 mL(range, 5?500 mL) of 54 cases who underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions and (232±38)minutes, 90 mL(range, 30?800 mL) of 4 cases who underwent laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions combined with the transsacral approach operation, respectively. (2) Postoperative situations: 7 of the 58 patients had complica-tions. Of the 7 patients, 2 cases had postoperative rectal fistula and were cured after the treatment of transverse colostomy combined with pelvic drainage, 2 cases had postoperative urinary tract infection and were relieved after anti-infection treatment, 2 cases had urinary retention after removal of catheter and were recovered after 3 weeks of re-indwelling catheter, and 1 case had poor incision healing of transsacral and was healed after wound dressing change. The duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 58 patients was (7±4)days. (3) Postoperative histopathological examination: results of the postoperative histopathological examination showed that there were 26 of 58 patients with epidermoid cyst, 20 patients with teratoma (2 cases with mature teratoma accompanied by mucinous adenocarcinoma and 1 case with mature teratoma accompanied by neuroendocrine carcinoma), 10 patients with dermoid cyst, and 2 patients with tailgut cyst. (4) Follow-up: 57 of the 58 patients were followed up for 2-85 months, with a median follow-up time of 51 months. Of the 57 patients who were followed up, 1 patient was diagnosed with buttock subcutaneous cyst at postoperative 8 months and treated with local excision, 1 patient was diagnosed with a small presacral cyst recurrence by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging at postoperative 6 months and continued follow-up as the cyst without obvious enlargement, and the other 55 patients had no cyst recurrence.Conclusion:The laparoscopic resection of retrorectal cystic lesions is safe and feasible.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the distribution characteristics of main antigen gene frequencies of Duffy,Diego,Kidd,Dombrock,MNS,Lutheran,Kell,Colton,Scianna,Yt,Knops and Indian in red blood cell blood group system of Li nationality in Hainan Province.@*METHODS@#Antigens in twelve rare blood group systems of 214 Li people in Hainan Province were genotyped and analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP).@*RESULTS@#The gene frequency of antigens in twelve rare blood group systems of 214 Li people in Hainan Province including: the gene frequency of Duffy blood group system: fy@*CONCLUSION@#The genetic distribution and genetic status in twelve rare blood group systems of Li nationality in Hainan Province are relatively stable. The gene distribution of Duffy, Diego, Kidd, Drombrock, MNS and Lutheran blood group systems are polymorphic and show unique distribution characteristics compared with other regions and different nationalities. The gene frequency distribution of Kell、Colton、Scianna、Yt、Knops、Indian blood group systems are monomorphic.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens/genetics , Ethnic Groups , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Kidd Blood-Group System , Polymorphism, Genetic
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879305

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to determine the association of hyperlipidemia with clinical endpoints among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, especially those with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes. Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort study included all patients who were hospitalized due to COVID-19 from 21 hospitals in Hubei province, China between December 31, 2019 and April 21, 2020. Patients who were aged < 18 or ≥ 85 years old, in pregnancy, with acute lethal organ injury (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, severe acute pancreatitis, acute stroke), hypothyroidism, malignant diseases, severe malnutrition, and those with normal lipid profile under lipid-lowering medicines (e.g., statin, niacin, fenofibrate, gemfibrozil, and ezetimibe) were excluded. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis at 1:1 ratio was performed to minimize baseline differences between patient groups of hyperlipidemia and non-hyperlipidemia. PSM analyses with the same strategies were further conducted for the parameters of hyperlipidemia in patients with increased triglyceride (TG), increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Mixed-effect Cox model analysis was performed to investigate the associations of the 28-days all-cause deaths of COVID-19 patients with hyperlipidemia and the abnormalities of lipid parameters. The results were verified in male, female patients, and in patients with pre-existing CVDs and type 2 diabetes. Results Of 10 945 inpatients confirmed as COVID-19, there were 9822 inpatients included in the study, comprising 3513 (35.8%) cases without hyperlipidemia and 6309 (64.2%) cases with hyperlipidemia. Based on a mixed-effect Cox model after PSM at 1:1 ratio, hyperlipidemia was not associated with increased or decreased 28-day all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Case-Control Studies , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1146-1151, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important risk factor in the long-term outcomes of surgical revascularization. However, few studies have focused on patients with ischemic heart failure (IHF) and DM, and the results are controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of DM on the long-term outcomes of IHF patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).@*METHODS@#In this propensity-matched study, data of IHF patients who underwent CABG in our hospital from January 2007 to December 2017 were analyzed. With a mean 73-month follow-up time, the patients were divided into two groups according to whether they had DM. The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, stroke, recurrent myocardial infarction, and revascularization.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between the two groups (5.8% vs. 4.1%, P = 0.216). The incidence of main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in the secondary endpoint was significantly higher in the DM group than that in the non-DM group (10.4% vs. 8.1%, P = 0.023).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DM can negatively affect the long-term outcomes of IHF patients undergoing CABG by significantly increasing the overall incidence of MACCE, though the long-term survival does not show a significant difference between the DM and non-DM patients.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Heart Failure , Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873703

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the independent risk factors for benign and malignant subsolid pulmonary nodules and establish a malignant probability prediction model. Methods    A retrospective analysis was performed in 443 patients with subsolid pulmonary nodules admitted to Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2018 with definite pathological findings. The patients were randomly divided into a modeling group and a validation group. There were 296 patients in the modeling group, including 125 males and 171 females, with an average age of 55.9±11.1 years. There were 147 patients in the verification group, including 68 males and 79 females, with an average age of 56.9±11.6 years. Univariate and multivariate analysis was used to screen the independent risk factors for benign and malignant lesions of subsolid pulmonary nodules, and then a prediction model was established. Based on the validation data, the model of this study was compared and validated with Mayo, VA, Brock and PKUPH models. Results    Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that gender, consolidation/tumor ratio (CTR), boundary, spiculation, lobulation and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were independent risk factors for the diagnosis of benign and malignant subsolid pulmonary nodules. The prediction model formula for malignant probability was: P=ex/(1+ex). X=0.018+(1.436× gender)+(2.068×CTR)+(−1.976×boundary)+ (2.082×spiculation)+(1.277×lobulation)+(2.296×CEA). In this study, the area under the curve was 0.856, the sensitivity was 81.6%, the specificity was 75.6%, the positive predictive value was 95.4%, and the negative predictive value was 39.8%. Compared with the traditional model, the predictive value of this model was significantly better than that of Mayo, VA, Brock and PKUPH models. Conclusion    Compared with Mayo, VA, Brock and PKUPH models, the predictive value of the model is more ideal and has greater clinical application value, which can be used for early screening of subsolid nodules.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 595-601, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To mine t he data of adverse even ts of 7 kinds of commonly used fluid therapy drugs (normal Ringer ’ s solution ,Ringer’s lactate solution ,Ringer’s acetate solution ,hydroxyethyl starch ,succinylated gelatin ,dextran and human albumin) based on FAERS database of FDA ,in order to provide reference for carrying out fluid therapy in clinic safely. METHODS:Data from the first quarter of 2004 to the fourth quarter of 2019(64 quarters)in FAERS database were downloaded. After data cleaning ,adverse drug event report cases related to 7 kinds of fluid therapy drug as the primary and secondary suspected drugs were extracted ,and ADR signal was mined by using the reporting odds ratio method (ROR)and the proportional reporting ratio method (PRR). RESULTS :A total of 2 383 adverse event reports were extracted ,including 26 reports(1.09%)of normal Ringer’s solution ,479 reports(20.10%)of Ringer ’s lactate solution ,65 reports(2.73%)of Ringer ’s acetate solution ,256 reports (10.74%)of hydroxyethyl starch ,79 reports(3.32%)of succinylated gelatin ,154 reports(6.46%)of dextran ,1 324 reports (55.56%)of human albumin. Totally 879 cases(36.89%)were male and 985 cases(41.33%)were female ,the rest were unknown. The main age was 18-64 years old (950 cases,39.87%);most of the reporters were doctors (634 cases,26.60%). Totally 382 cases(16.03%)died. Among the adverse event reports of fluid therapy drugs ,70 cases(14.61%)administered Ringer ’s lactated solution and 259 cases(19.56%)administered human albumin died. Among them ,the top three adverse events in the number of reports were immune system diseases ,heart organ diseases ,vascular and lymphatic diseases. CONCLUSIONS :ADRs of fluid therapy drugs are mainly related to immune system and heart organ. In the process of them ,especially for patients with allergic history and heart disease ,patients’volume indicators should be closely monitored ;during fluid therapy ,especially during the use of colloids , great importance should be attached to renal and urinary system related adverse events , and renal function should be closely monitored .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873631

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the short-term follow-up results of inflatable mediastinoscopy combined with laparoscopy in the treatment of esophageal cancer. Methods    Clinical data of 102 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy were enrolled in our hospital from January 2017 to January 2019. Patients were divided into two groups according to different surgical methods, including a single-port inflatable mediastinoscopy combined with laparoscopy group (group A, n=59, 53 males and 6 females, aged 63.3±7.6 years, ranging from 45 to 75 years) and a video-assisted thoracoscopy combined with laparoscopy group (group B, n=43, 35 males and 8 females, aged 66.7±6.7 years, ranging from 50-82 years). The short-term follow-up results of the two groups were compared. Results    Compared with the group A, the rate of postoperative pulmonary complication of the group B was significantly lower (18.64% vs. 4.65%, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in other postoperative complications (P>0.05). The 6-month, 1-year, and 2-year survival rates were 96.61%, 89.83%, and 73.33%, respectively in the group A, and were 95.35%, 93.02%, and 79.17%, respectively in the group B. There was no significant difference in short-term survival rate after operation (P>0.05). Conclusion    In the treatment of esophageal cancer, the incidence of pulmonary complications of inflatable mediastinoscopy combined with laparoscopy is lower than that of traditional video-assisted thoracoscopy combined with laparoscopy, and there is no significant difference in other postoperative complications or short-term survival rate between the two methods. Inflatable mediastinoscopy combined with laparoscopy for radical esophageal cancer is a relatively safe surgical method with good short-term curative effects, and long-term curative effects need to be further tested.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 43-46, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799013

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the differential expression of serum-and-glucocorticoid-inducible-kinase-2 (SGK2) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and normal liver tissues and the related mechanism mediating signal transduction of GSK-3 β / β catenin in HCC cells.@*Methods@#Twenty pairs of matched HCC and normal tissues were collected and the situation of expression of SGK2 mRNA was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Western blot was used to detect the levels of SGK2 protein in human HCC cell lines (Huh-7, SMMC-7721) and normal human liver cell line (L02). SGK2 siRNA was used to transfect human HCC cell lines (SMMC-7721 and Huh-7), and then the protein expression levels of GSK-3 β/ β - catenin was successfully detected with the above-mentioned transfected cell line by western blot. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (±s), and the Student t -test was used as the statistical method.@*Results@#SGK2 mRNA expression was up-regulated in all 20 HCC samples than that of the expression of matched normal liver tissues. SGK2 protein levels were significantly higher in Huh-7 and SMMC-7721 than normal human liver cell lines (P < 0.01). The downregulation of SGK2 expression in human HCC cell lines (SMMC-7721 and Huh-7) had inhibited the expression of unphosphorylated GSK-3 β. In addition, the downregulation of SGK2 expression in HCC cell lines had decreased the dephosphorylation of β - catenin to prevent degradation of the β - catenin proteasome.@*Conclusion@#SGK2 is overexpressed in HCC and mediates GSK-3β/β- catenin signaling in HCC cells.

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