Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 141
Filter
1.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 611-617, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913682

ABSTRACT

Methods@#Total 106 diabetic patients who had undergone PKP and had received anti-osteoporosis treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture were enrolled and allocated into the following two groups: group I (n=52, zoledronic acid) and group II (n=54, zoledronic acid plus teriparatide). The operating time, bone cement volume, and complications related to anti-osteoporosis treatment or PKP, if any, were recorded. The Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were assessed at admission, at discharge, and at the final follow-up. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan of the hip for the measurement of the bone mineral density (BMD) was performed preoperatively and at the final follow-up for all the patients. @*Results@#There was no significant difference in the age, body mass index, bone cement volume, or follow-up time of the groups. The mean follow-up duration was 22.5±1.6 months. All the patients had improved VAS and ODI, and group II had significantly better clinical outcomes than group I. All the patients had increased BMD at the latest follow-up, while group II exhibited significantly more improvement. The prevalence of NVF was lower in group II (11.5% vs. 7.4%, p=0.523). Male patients had a higher prevalence of NVF although the difference was not statistically significant. @*Conclusions@#Combination therapy with zoledronic acid and teriparatide could improve the clinical outcomes, and BMD and had the potential to reduce NVF in diabetic patients following PKP.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of applying the programmed management procedure in the prenatal diagnosis of pyriform sinus fistula(PSF).Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled eight fetuses with PSF who were managed according to the programmed management procedure for prenatal diagnosis of PSF, which was established in January 2016, in Guangzhou Women's and Children's Medical Center from January 2016 to October 2020. The procedure consisted of the detection of fetal neck cysts by prenatal ultrasound followed by further confirmation by MRI, evaluation of the degree of airway compression, indwelling gastric tube after birth, no oral feeding, complement of CT/MRI, and surgical treatment within a limited time after necessary preoperative examination. The prenatal diagnosis, postnatal treatment, and follow-up were summarized using descriptive analysis.Results:(1) Prenatal: The gestational age at the first detection of cervical cysts by prenatal ultrasound was (27.1±4.1) weeks and all the cysts were located on the left side. Prenatal MRI indicated that the largest cysts was (32.0±12.2) mm in diameter, and the tracheal transit index was (10.9±2.8) mm. (2) After birth: Among the eight children, five were males and three were females, with the gestational age of (38.0±0.9) weeks and birth weight of (3 020±459) g. One case was intubated during labor due to a intrauterine tracheal transposition index of 17.4 mm. All infants were not allowed for oral feeding. The median age at CT/MRI examination was 2.5 d (1-8 d), which revealed that the maximum diameter of the cysts was (40.6±6.9) mm and visible air bubbles in all cysts. The infection index before operation was not high and the age at operation was (8.6±2.3) d. All cysts were completely removed and the PSFs were ligated at a higher position, with the average operative duration of (95.0±19.6) min, and the postoperative duration of mechanical ventilation and hospitalization of 5 h (3-71 h) and (8.8±1.0) d, respectively. No complications such as hoarseness were reported. During the follow-up of 4 to 58 months through outpatient clinic and telephone, no recurrence were observed.Conclusions:The programmed management procedure can provide guidance for postnatal treatment of patients with a prenatal diagnosis of PSF, and help to achieve a successful treatment result.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 622-626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors related to the hemodynamic instability occurring after carotid artery stenting(CAS) in elderly patients with carotid artery stenosis.Methods:The clinical data of 80 patients with carotid artery stenosis, who were treated with CAS at Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University during the period from January 2018 to Decmber 2018, were retrospectively analyzed. Record demographic characteristics (age, gender, height, weight), history of underlying diseases (hypertension, diabetes, kidney disease, heart failure, etc.), history of medications, etc. Observe the clinical parameters such as creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine volume, input and output, albumin, hemoglobin, location of stenosis, and degree of stenosis. Measurement data conforming to the normal distribution were expressed as the mean ± standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and the t-test was used for comparison between groups; the measurement data that does not conform to the normal distribution were expressed as the median (interquartile range) [ M( P25, P75)] indicates that the rank sum test was used for comparison between groups; the Chi-square test was used for comparison of count data between groups. Relevant variables were subjected to single factor analysis, and statistically significant indicators were selected according to the results of single factor analysis to be included in the multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Results:After CAS, a total of 37 patients among the 80 patients developed hemodynamic instability, the incidence rate was 46.25%. Univariate analysis indicated that the factors associated with the occurrence of postoperative hemodynamic instability included height , platelet count, ulceration plaque and the fluid intake in the first 24 hours after surgery; Multivariate regression analysis revealed that the presence of ulceration plaque ( OR=11.559, 95% CI: 1.232-108.495) and the fluid intake in the first 24 hours after surgery( OR=1.001, 95% CI: 1.000-1.001) were the independent risk factors related to the hemodynamic instability after CAS. Conclusion:Elderly patients with the presence of ulceration plaque before surgery are more likely to develop hemodynamic instability after CAS, and within 24 hours after surgery is a high-risk time period for hemodynamic instability.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906006

ABSTRACT

The tumor incidence goes up with every passing year. Chemotherapy, as one of the main treatment methods, is faced with a major challenge of drug resistance in clinical practice. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the key factors inducing chemotherapy resistance of tumors. TAMs are inflammatory cells with the largest number in the tumor microenvironment, which are widely distributed in such epithelial tissues as large intestine and stomach in the immune environment and closely associated with multiple common cancers like breast cancer and colorectal cancer. TAMs can be divided into two phenotypes, with M2-polarized TAMs into the tumor-promoting phenotype that affects the oncogenesis and progression and promotes drug resistance via immune escape, angiogenesis and other ways. At the same time, the frequently utilized chemotherapeutic agents will increase the recruitment of TAMs and trigger the secretion of cytokines, leading to the excessive polarization of macrophages to M2 type, followed by tumor drug resistance. The molecular mechanism of chemotherapy resistance is complex, which is becoming an urgent problem in the field of chemotherapy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has exhibited unique advantages in resisting tumor drug resistance. It has been proved efficient and safe in improving tumor microenvironment and regulating TAMs by acting on multiple targets via multiple ways, thus adjusting tumor progression and improving drug resistance. Based on related articles published in recent years, this paper reviewed the drug resistance-promoting effect of TAMs via regulating the immune microenvironment and interacting with tumor stem cells and the driving effect of chemotherapeutic agents on drug resistance to figure out the role of TAMs in chemotherapy resistance. Besides, it summarized the mechanisms of TCM in regulating related cytokines, proteins, activity, and the polarization direction of TAMs to expound the effective components of TCM in the intervention of drug resistance. The aim of this paper was to provide reference for further research on the biological mechanism of chemotherapy resistance and its targeted intervention with TCM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879106

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen fertilizer has been the long-lasting crucial component in cultivation of Chinese materia medica(CMM) and crops for its profound effects on enhancing the productivity. In consideration of its role in better production, intensive and excessive application of N fertilizer is often found in CMM cultivation. Therefore, firstly, this review summarized various concentrations of N application with regards to different CMM and districts from the literatures published in the last two decades. The recommended concentration of nitrogen application of forty seven CMM species were covered in this review. We found that the optimum rates of nitrogen fertili-zer for different medicinal plants species were varied in the range between 0-1 035.55 kg·hm~(-2). Most of the optimum rates of nitrogen fertilizer for CMM in published researches fell between 100-199 kg·hm~(-2). The optimum rate of nitrogen fertilizer is not only related to amount of nitrogen required for different medicinal plants but also to soil fertilities of different fields. In addition, we outlined the diffe-rent effects of proper and excessive nitrogen deposition on yield of CMM. Proper nitrogen deposition benefits the yield of CMM, howe-ver, excessive nitrogen use accounts for a decrease in CMM yield. We elucidated that nutritional content, water use efficiencies, and photosynthesis capacity were major influencing factors. Researches showed that proper nitrogen fertilizer could promote the water use efficiencies of plants and boost photosynthesis. Consequently, the yield of CMM can be enhanced after nitrogen deposition. However, negative effects of nitrogen fertilizer were also found on plant including producing toxic substances to the soil and causing severe pest damages. Lastly we analyzed the impact of N fertilizer application on secondary metabolites which accounts for a large part of active pharmaceutical ingredients of CMM. It usually caused an increase in nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content and a decrease in non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites content respectively. The potential underlying mechanisms are the different synthetic pathways of these metabolites and the plant nutritional status. Synthesis of non-nitrogen-containing secondary metabolites like phenols can be inhibited after nitrogen application because of the competition of the same precursor substances between metabolites synthesis and plant growth. To sum up, impacts and mechanisms of nitrogen fertilizer on yield and quality enhancement of CMM were discussed in this review. Negative effects of excessive nitrogen application on CMM should be paid special attention in CMM cultivation and prescription fertilization based on the field soil quality is strongly recommended. Overall, this review aims to provides insights on improving the proper application of N fertilizer in the cultivation of CMM.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Fertilizers , Materia Medica , Nitrogen/analysis , Soil
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781458

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a novel flow cytometric immunobead array (FCIA) for detecting plasma von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF:Ag), and to analyze the clinical value of FCIA in predicting the prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke (IS).@*METHODS@#Anti-human vWF monoclonal antibody SZ29 IgG was coated on microspheres overnight, the diluted plasma was added after blocking, then incubated with FITC-conjugated sheep-anti-human vWF IgG polyclonal antibody, and finally detected by flow cytometry. The plasma vWF in 21 case of von Willebrand disease (vWD) and 105 controls (CTL) were detected by FCIA and ELISA, so as to carry out methodological assessment. Plasma vWF:Ag of 61 IS patients was detected by FCIA and the data of prognosis followed-up for 2-year were collected.@*RESULTS@#The linear fitting of FCIA was good (R2=0.99) without significant difference between FCIA and ELISA. The Bland-Altman bias was 1.12% with 95% limits of agreement that spanned from -45.06% to 47.30%, and the slope of the linear regression was 0.97 (r=0.86, P<0.01). Importantly, the FCIA method was faster than ELISA, and superior to the ELISA in the detection of low levels of vWF:Ag. The levels of vWF:Ag, vWF:GPIbR and vWF:CB in IS patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (Z=8.36, 8.71, 6.22, respectively, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The FCIA for detecting plasma vWF:Ag is not only an effective supplement to ELISA, but also the efficiency is faster and more sensitive, thus improves the diagnosis of type 3 vWD. Elevated levels of vWF: Ag in IS patients indicate the poor recovery of daily activities and prognosis.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of the Chinese medicine (CM) Qixiong Zhongzi Decoction (, QZD) in the treatment of patients with idiopathic asthenozoospermia.@*METHODS@#A total number of 66 patients with idiopathic asthenozoospermia were included and randomly divided into treatment and control groups by SAS-generated code from January 2015 to August 2016, 33 patients in each group. Patients in the treatment group were administered with 150 mL of QZD twice a day, whereas those in the control group were given 1 g of levocarnitine oral liquid twice a day. The two groups received the indicated medication for 12 weeks and were then followed up for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was sperm motility, and the secondary therapeutic indices were sperm volume, density, pregnancy probability, and CM syndrome score. The comparison between groups was carried out at 4, 8 and 12 weeks, respectively. The safety was determined before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#(1) Drop-off: 5 cases (7.58%) were lost after treatment (2 from the treatment group and 3 from the control group). (2) Primary outcomes: after 8- and 12-week treatment, the progressive sperms in the two groups were significantly higher than the baseline (all P0.05), however, the CM syndrome score of the treatment group significantly declined compared with baseline level at each time points (all P<0.05). (4) Safety: no obvious side reactions were found during the treatment in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#QZD could improve the progressive and non-progressive grade sperm in the treatment of idiopathic asthenozoospermia. It is safe with no obvious side effects.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833783

ABSTRACT

The cestode Taenia hydatigena uses canids, primarily dogs, as definitive hosts, while the metacestode larval stage cysticercus infects a range of intermediate hosts, including domestic animals such as goats, sheep, and pigs. Cysticercosis due to T. hydatigena has large veterinary and economic drawbacks. Like other taeniids, e.g., Echinococcus, intraspecific variation is found among the members of the genus Taenia. In Africa, few studies are available on the epidemiology and distribution of T. hydatigena, and even fewer studies are available on its genetic variation. In this study, we molecularly identified 11 cysticerci from sheep in Sudan and demonstrated the genetic variation based on the NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1) and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) mitochondrial genes. The isolates were correctly identified as T. hydatigena with more than 99% similarity to those in the GenBank database. Low diversity indices and insignificant neutrality indices were observed, with 3 and 2 haplotypes for the nad1 and cox1 genes, respectively. The results suggest the presence of unique T. hydatigena haplotypes in Sudan, as haplotypes with 100% similarity were not found in the GenBank database. With few available studies on the genetic variation of T. hydatigena in Africa, this report represents the first insights into the genetic variation of T. hydatigena in Sudan and constitutes useful data.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865202

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of multi-disciplinary team (MDT) management on the outcome in neonates with omphalocele.Method A retrospective non-randomized controlled clinical study was conducted.Neonates who were diagnosed as omphalocele and admitted to the surgical neonatal intensive care unit of the Guangzhou Women and Children Medical Center from December 2010 to December 2017 were collected.Because MDT was established in December 2014,infants were assigned into non-MDT group and MDT group according to their dates of admission.The characteristics and outcomes between non-MDT group and MDT group were compared using x2,t-test or rank-sum test.Multivariate analysis was performed by Logistic regression.Result A total of 91 neonates were included in the study,50 were in non-MDT group and 41 were in MDT group.The mortality in MDT group (2.4%,1/41) was lower than that in non-MDT group (18.0%,9/50),the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).The median time of mechanical ventilation of giant omphalocele in non-MDT group (18.3 hours) was longer than that in MDT group (41.7 hours),the difference was also statistically significant (P < 0.05).After adjusting for the associated confounding risk factors,the risk of death in non-MDT group was 54 times higher than that in MDTgroup (OR=54.19,95%CI2.64 ~1 113.49,P<0.05).Conclusion There was significant association between the MDT management and the decreased risk of death of omphalocele.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of thick-needle therapy (TNT) and acupuncture therapy (AT) on patients with Bell's palsy (BP) at the recovery stage.@*METHODS@#A total of 146 eligible participants from 3 hospitals in China were randomized into the TNT group (73 cases) and the AT group (73 cases) using a central randomization. Both groups received Western medicine thrice a day for 4 weeks. Moreover, patients in the TNT group received subcutaneous insertion of a thick needle into Shendao (GV 11) acupoint, while patients in the AT group received AT at acupoints of Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yangbai (GB 14), Dicang (ST 4), Xiaguan (ST 7), Jiache (ST 6), Yingxiang (LI 20) and Hegu (LI 4), 4 times a week, for 4 weeks. Both groups received 2 follow-up visits, which were arranged at 1 month and 3 months after treatment, respectively. The primary outcome measure was House-Brackmann Facial Nerve Grading System (HBFNGS) grade. And the clinical recovery rates of both groups were evaluated according to the HBFNGS grades after treatment. The secondary outcome measures included the facial disability index (FDI) and electroneurogram (EnoG). The adverse events were observed and recorded in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Three cases withdrew from the trial, 2 in the TNT group and 1 in the AT group. There was no signifificant difference in the clinical recovery rates between the TNT and AT groups after 4-week treatment [40.85% (29/71) vs. 34.72% (25/72), P>0.05]. At the 2nd follow-up visit, more patients in the TNT group showed reduced HBFNGS grades than those in the AT group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of TNT was equivalent to that of AT in patients with BP at recovery stage, while the post-treatment effect of TNT was superior to that of AT. (Registration No. ChiCTR-INR-16008409).

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787761

ABSTRACT

To explore the association between the frequency of prenatal care in childbearing aged women and risk of small for gestational age (SGA) among neonatal twins in Shaanxi Province. From July to December 2013, a total of 30 027 childbearing aged women, who were pregnant from January 2010 to November 2013 and had definite outcomes, were selected from 30 districts (counties) of Shaanxi Province by using the multi-stage random sampling method. The questionnaires with a face-to-face survey method were used to retrospectively collect demographic information, pregnancy history, lifestyle during pregnancy, disease history, nutritional supplements, and health care during pregnancy. Information on the gestational age and birth weight of the newborn were obtained by consulting the medical certificate of birth and were registered as twin A and twin B by birth order. Finally, 356 childbearing aged women and their twin babies with complete data were included in the analysis. A generalized estimation equation model was used to analyze the association between the frequency of prenatal care and the risk of SGA among neonatal twins. The age of childbearing aged women was (27.44±4.68) years old, of which 79.49% (283 women) were rural residents and 44.38% (158 women) had seven or more times prenatal care. The gestational age and birth weight were (37.64±2.51) weeks and (2 510±497) g, respectively. The prevalence of SGA was 51.40% (183/356) for twin A and 53.37% (190/356) for twin B, respectively. The prevalence of SGA was 44.30% (70/158) for twin A with seven or more times prenatal care and 42.41% (67/158) for twin B with seven or more times prenatal care, which was lower than that for twins with less than seven times prenatal care, respectively [57.07% (113/198) and 62.12% (123/198)] ( values were 0.017 and <0.001). The results of generalized estimation equation model suggested that compared to those with less than seven times prenatal care, after adjusting for parity, birth order, place of residence, maternal age, occupation, education, family wealth index, passive smoking, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, folic acid, and iron supplement during perinatal period, and gender of the newborn, the (95) of risk of SGA among childbearing aged women with seven or more times prenatal care was 0.60 (0.40-0.91). Seven or more times prenatal care could reduce the risk of SGA among neonatal twins in Shanxi Province.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828398

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the change laws of water absorption in Chinese herbal pieces and establish the prediction model of relative density for Chinese medicine compound decoction. Firstly, fitted equations of water absorption and decocting time was established by observing the change laws of water absorption in 36 kinds of Chinese herbal pieces in 12 groups(according to the drug-parts) with decocting time. The r value of the mineral group and other type group was 0.691 2 and 0.663 3, respectively. The r value of the remaining 10 groups was 0.802 2-0.925 4. All P values were less than 0.05(n=21). The formula of the amount of water added was optimized by combining the fitted equations with determined water absorption, and the liquid yield could be controlled in a range of 100%±10%. Secondly, it was determined that the liquid density tester could be used for the rapid determination of relative density of Chinese medicine decoction after methodological study and comparison with the pycnometer method. The linear regression equation between the corrected relative density(y) and extraction ratio(%, x) was built by measuring and analyzing the related parameters such as liquid yield, relative density and extraction ratio in 46 kinds of Chinese herbal pieces. The established equation was y=0.041 3x+1.003 7, r=0.930 9(P <0.01, n=46), with linear range of 1.94%-65.75%. Based on this, the prototype model for predicting relative density of Chinese medicine decoction was established, and the relative densities of 8 Chinese medicine decoctions were within the prediction interval of this model in verification. This study lays a foundation for database construction of Chinese medicine decoction, implementation of personalized decocting mode and rapid quality control of Chinese medicine decoction.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Specific Gravity , Water
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774554

ABSTRACT

Salvia miltiorrhiza is one of the commonly used bulk medicinal materials, which has significant effect on cardiovascular disease, and are heavy demanded in Asia, Europe, North America, Russia and Africa. Consequently, increasing the yield and quality of S. miltiorrhiza has become a major concern worldwide. With the current wild resources of S. miltiorrhiza gradually decreasing, cultivated products occupy most of the markets. However, the cultivation area is widely distributed and the cultivation techniques is different, which lead to the quality and yield of S. miltiorrhiza in consistent. This paper combined visiting survey with document analysis to carry out the cultivation situation of S. miltiorrhiza in main cultivation areas of Shandong, Henan, Sichuan, Shanxi and Hebei provinces. There exist big differences of the ecological environment, mode of cultivation, fertilization, pest control, harvesting processing among the producing areas. We should carry on the ecological suitability zoning analysis and suitable cultivation of each area study to form a pattern of high quality and high yield for the sustainable development of S. miltiorrhiza cultivation.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Europe , Plants, Medicinal , Salvia miltiorrhiza
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a novel flow cytometric immunobead array (FCIA) for detecting plasma von Willebrand factor activity (vWF:GPIbR) and apply it in ischemic stroke (IS).@*METHODS@#Microspheres coated with anti-human platelet glycoprotein Ibα (GPIbα) monoclonal antibody SZ151 IgG, were incubated with recombinant fragment of GPIbα, then added ristocetin and plasma, finally incubated with FITC-conjugated sheep-anti-human vWF IgG polyclonal antibody, and detected by flow cytometry. vWF antigen (vWF:Ag), vWF:GPIbR, and vWF collagen binding assay (vWF:CB) were also included for evaluating vWF levels in IS patients.@*RESULTS@#The intra-assay coefficient variations (CVs) and inter-assay CVs of FCIA were 7.7% and 13.5%, respectively. The slope of the linear regression was 0.9739 (r=0.855, P<0.001), and the Bland-Altman bias was 9.95%, indicating a good correlation between FCIA and ELISA. The FCIA had better sensitivity, specificity and accuracy as compared with those by ELISA (P<0.05). The levels of vWF:Ag, vWF:GPIbR and vWF:CB in IS patients were significantly higher in comparison with those in healthy controls (H=7.8, 6.4, 6.2, respectively, P<0.01), the level of vWF:GPIbR in IS patients positively correlated with levels of vWF:Ag, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, Autar score and hospitalization time.@*CONCLUSION@#The FCIA for detecting plasma vWF:GPIbR is more specific and accurate than ELISA. The vWF:GPIbR is involved in the paroxysm of IS, which could be used to evaluate the risk of thrombosis in IS patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Prognosis , Sheep , Stroke , von Willebrand Diseases , von Willebrand Factor
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772679

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate and analyze the accuracy of three-dimensional camera system acquisition based on stereophotography for the photographic acquisition of images of facial deformities.@*METHODS@#3D digital models of 45 waxen facial models of patients with facial deformities were obtained via a 3D camera system based on stereophotography. A total of 19 feature lines were measured on each 3D model by using the software. The measurements taken by the coordinate-measuring machine were accepted as standard values. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the accuracy of the system and the corresponding factors.@*RESULTS@#Statistical analysis results showed that the measured values of the characteristic distance obtained by 3D camera system were statistically different from the standard values (P0.05). The facial regions significantly influenced measuring error (P0.05). The middle facial regions had significant difference with bilateral facial regions on the percentage of measurement values (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The accuracy of 3D camera system based on stereophotography for the photographic acquisition of facial deformities are influenced by the morphology of the facial deformities and facial regions. Moreover, the measuring error is acceptable in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Craniofacial Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Reproducibility of Results , Software
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781658

ABSTRACT

To investigate the role of thioredoxin interacting protein(TXNIP)/ nucleotides-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein(NLRP)3 inflammasome in the sciatic nerve of streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The diabetic rat model was established by single intraperitoneal injection of STZ.The rats with matched sex and age were taken as normal control group.The blood glucose and body weight were monitored.The mechanical withdrawal threshold was measured by von Frey filaments at 12 weeks after the model was established.At 12 weeks,the rats were sacrificed and the sciatic nerves were separated for Luxol fast blue staining,the expressions of TXNIP,NLRP3,caspase-1,and interleukin(IL)-1β were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot method,and the levels of IL-1β and IL-18 in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of TXNIP protein in the sciatic nerve of diabetic rats was 3.78±0.08,which significantly increased than that in the normal control group(0.99±0.06)(=26.980,<0.0001).Compared with the normal control group(0.97±0.05),the expression of NLRP3 protein in the diabetic group(2.44±0.16)was significantly higher(=8.885,<0.0001).The expression of cleaved caspase-1 was 4.45±0.19 in the diabetic group and 1.08±0.06 in the normal control group,and the difference was significant(=16.900,<0.0001).The expression of IL-1β protein in the diabetic group(4.50±0.16)was significantly higher than that(1.19±0.08)in the normal control group(=18.630,<0.0001).Compared with the normal control group,the levels of IL-1β [(110.50±8.80)pg/ml (17.97±3.18)pg/ml,=9.892,<0.0001] and IL-18 [(591.70±8.78)pg/ml (160.70±8.33)pg/ml,=35.620,<0.0001] in the serum of diabetic rats significantly increased. The pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy may be related to increased expression of TXNIP,activation of NLRP3 inflammasome,and downstream inflammation,which may provide a new target for diabetic peripheral neuropathy therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Inflammasomes , Nucleotides , Rats , Sciatic Nerve , Streptozocin , Thioredoxins
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761766

ABSTRACT

The Alataw Pass, near the Ebinur Lake Wetland (northwest of China) and Taldykorgan (east of Kazakhstan), is a natural habitat for wild rodents. To date, little has been done on the surveillance of Bartonella spp. and Wolbachia spp. from fleas in the region. Here we molecularly detected Bartonella spp. and Wolbachia spp. in wild rodent fleas during January and October of 2016 along the Alataw Pass-Kazakhstan border. A total of 1,706 fleas belonging to 10 species were collected from 6 rodent species. Among the 10 flea species, 4 were found to be positive for Wolbachia, and 5 flea species were positive for Bartonella. Molecular analysis indicated that i) B. rochalimae was firstly identified in Xenopsylla gerbilli minax and X. conforms conforms, ii) B. grahamii was firstly identified in X. gerbilli minax, and iii) B. elizabethae was firstly detected in Coptopsylla lamellifer ardua, Paradoxopsyllus repandus, and Nosopsyllus laeviceps laeviceps. Additionally, 3 Wolbachia endosymbionts were firstly found in X. gerbilli minax, X. conforms conforms, P. repandus, and N. laeviceps laeviceps. BLASTn analysis indicated 3 Bartonella species showed genotypic variation. Phylogenetic analysis revealed 3 Wolbachia endosymbionts were clustered into the non-Siphonaptera Wolbachia group. These findings extend our knowledge of the geographical distribution and carriers of B. rochalimae, B. grahamii, B. elizabethae, and Wolbachia spp. In the future, there is a need for China-Kazakhstan cooperation to strengthen the surveillance of flea-borne pathogens in wildlife.


Subject(s)
Bartonella , Ecosystem , Lakes , Rodentia , Siphonaptera , Wetlands , Wolbachia , Xenopsylla
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779391

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between fasting blood glucose and branchial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) levels among hypertensive population in rural areas of Eastern China. Methods A cross-sectional analysis were conducted among hypertensive population in Lianyungang and Anqing city from July to September 2013. Multivariable linear regression models were used to analyze the association of serum glucose and baPWV. Results A total of 3 894 hypertensive participants were included in the present study. The prevalence of normal fasting glucose (NFG), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diagnosed diabetes (DM) were 44.5%, 43.0%, and 12.5%, respectively. Each 1-mmol/L increase in fasting blood glucose levels was significantly associated with a 26.2 cm/s increase in baPWV levels (95% CI: 19.6-32.8, P<0.001). Consistently, significantly higher baPWV levels were observed in participants with IFG (β=50.4 cm/s, 95% CI: 28.4-72.3, P<0.001) and DM (β=113.4 cm/s, 95% CI: 80.2-146.5, P<0.001) when compared to those with NFG. Furthermore, a stronger positive association between fasting blood glucose and baPWV was observed in participants with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg (β=34.3 cm/s, 95% CI: 24.5-44.2, P<0.001; vs.<140 mmHg; β=18.1 cm/s, 95% CI: 9.1-27.2, P<0.001; Pinteraction=0.027). Conclusion There was a positive association between fasting blood glucose and baPWV levels among hypertensive population in rural areas of Eastern China.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778301

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between serum uric acid and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) levels and to examine any possible effect modifiers among hypertensive patients in rural areas of Eastern China. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in Lianyungang and Anqing Cities from July to September 2013. Hypertensive patients with serum uric acid and baPWV measurements were included in this study. Multivariate linear regression was used to assess the relationship between serum uric acid levels and baPWV. Results Finally, a total of 4 278 participants were included in this study. The mean age was 65.2 (standard deviation(SD):7.4) years and the mean value of baPWV levels were 1835.1 (SD: 383.4) cm/s. Regression analysis showed that there is a positive correlation between serum uric acid and baPWV levels (per SD increment, β=20.5 cm/s, 95% CI: 8.5-32.5, P=0.001. When uric acid was categorized in tertiles, a significantly higher baPWV level was found in participants in tertile 3 (≥349μmol/L)(β=51.2 cm/s, 95% CI: 23.8-78.6, P=0.001), compared with those in tertile 1(<277 μmol/L). Furthermore, the serum uric acid-baPWV association was significantly stronger in those systolic blood pressure (SBP)≥140 mm Hg (vs.<140 mm Hg; p-interaction=0.001). Conclusion There is a positive relationship between uric acid levels and baPWV among hypertensive patients, especially in those with higher SBP levels.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774168

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the pathological grading of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) which depends on biopsy or surgical pathology invasively, a quantitative analysis method based on radiomics signature was proposed for pathological grading of HCC in non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images. The MRI images were integrated to predict clinical outcomes using 328 radiomics features, quantifying tumour image intensity, shape and text, which are extracted from lesion by manual segmentation. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were used to select the most-predictive radiomics features for the pathological grading. A radiomics signature, a clinical model, and a combined model were built. The association between the radiomics signature and HCC grading was explored. This quantitative analysis method was validated in 170 consecutive patients (training dataset: = 125; validation dataset, = 45), and cross-validation with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was employed as the prediction metric. Through the proposed method, AUC was 0.909 in training dataset and 0.800 in validation dataset, respectively. Overall, the prediction performances by radiomics features showed statistically significant correlations with pathological grading. The results showed that radiomics signature was developed to be a significant predictor for HCC pathological grading, which may serve as a noninvasive complementary tool for clinical doctors in determining the prognosis and therapeutic strategy for HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Grading , Methods , ROC Curve
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL