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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914208

ABSTRACT

Background@#Both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with an elevated risk of morbidity and mortality yet with increasing heterogeneity. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the prevalence of MetS among adult patients with T1DM in China and investigate its associated risk factors, and relationship with microvascular complications. @*Methods@#We included adult patients who had been enrolled in the Guangdong T1DM Translational Medicine Study conducted from June 2010 to June 2015. MetS was defined according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Program criterion. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) for the association between MetS and the risk of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). @*Results@#Among the 569 eligible patients enrolled, the prevalence of MetS was 15.1%. While female gender, longer diabetes duration, higher body mass index, and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were risk factors associated with MetS (OR, 2.86, 1.04, 1.14, and 1.23, respectively), received nutrition therapy education was a protective factor (OR, 0.46). After adjustment for gender, age, diabetes duration, HbA1c, socioeconomic and lifestyle variables, MetS status was associated with an increased risk of DKD and DR (OR, 2.14 and 3.72, respectively; both P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Although the prevalence of MetS in adult patients with T1DM in China was relatively low, patients with MetS were more likely to have DKD and DR. A comprehensive management including lifestyle modification might reduce their risk of microvascular complications in adults with T1DM.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze gene expression profile of T cell lymphoma Jurkat cell line treated with paclitaxel by computational biology based on next generation sequencing and to explore the possible molecular mechanism of paclitaxel resistance to T cell lymphoma at gene level.@*METHODS@#IC50 of paclitaxel on Jurkat cell line was determined by CCK-8 assay. Gene expression profile of Jurkat cells treated with paclitaxel was acquired by next generation sequencing technology. Gene microarray data related to human T cell lymphoma were screened from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database (including 720 cases of T cell lymphoma and 153 cases of normal tissues). Combined with the sequencing data, differential expression genes (DEGs) were intersected and screened. DAVID database was used for enrichment analysis of GO function and KEGG pathway to determine and visualize functional entries of DEGs, and protein-protein interactions network of DEGs was drawn. The levels of gene expression were detected and verified by RT-qPCR.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 results showed that the proliferation of Jurkat cells was inhibited by paclitaxel depended on the concentration apparently. Treated by paclitaxel for 48 h, P<0.05 and |log2(FC)|≥1 were used as filter criteria on the results of RNA Sequencing (RNA-Seq) and GeoChip, 351 DEGs were found from Jurkat cells, including 323 up-regulated genes and 28 down-regulated genes. The GO functional annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the role of paclitaxel was mainly concentrated in protein heterodimerization activity, nucleosome assembly and transcriptional dysregulation in cancer, etc. The results of RT-qPCR were consistent with those of the sequencing analysis, which verified the reliability of this sequencing.@*CONCLUSION@#Paclitaxel can affect the proliferation and apoptosis of T-cell lymphoma by up-regulating JUN gene, orphan nuclear receptor NR4A family genes and histone family genes.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Paclitaxel , Reproducibility of Results
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906129

ABSTRACT

Sanrentang, originally contained in the Regulations on Febrile Diseases written by WU Ju-tong in the Qing dynasty, was composed of eight traditional Chinese herbs to treat damp-warm diseases. It is a treatment method of gradually clearing away damp heat of tri-jiao, with characteristics of separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge. "Separating dispersion" means dispersion in separated ways, with different ways to eliminate dampness to export the dampness, heat, evil and turbid out of the body. "Mobilizing discharge" means discharge to stretch and unblock the Qi, to get rid of dampness and evil. It can be seen, Sanrentang, as a desiccating formula, taking "separating dispersion and mobilizing discharge" as the cubic basis, has a significant effect on both internal and external dampness associated with pathogenic heat syndrome, and its clinical application is quite extensive. After consulting the data of the past 10 years, the authors gave a brief overview on the syndrome theory, clinical application and pharmacological effects of Sanrentang, and elaborated the therapeutic effect and pharmacological effect of Sanrentang in the clinical application of upper, middle and lower Tri-jiao respectively, providing theoretical reference for effective development and utilization of Sanrentang. Coronavirus disease-2019(COVID-19) swept the world in early 2020 and it is a great challenge for the medical community to seek for effective prevention and treatment methods. For COVID-19, although the cause of the disease belongs to the Qi of "pestilence", many doctors have different opinions on the pathogenic characteristics. However, they all agree with the clinical characteristics of "dampness". COVID-19, which has the attribute of "dampness evil", is so sticky that it can't be cured at once. In addition to the main symptoms such as fever and cough, it is also characterized by the middle-jiao dampness symptoms such as poor appetite, fullness of abdomen, loose stool and diarrhea. It is worthy to further explore the application prospect of Sanrentang in COVID-19 prevention and treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the prognosis and complications of proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to November 2019, 127 cases of femoral intertrochanteric fracture were treated with PFNA, including 51 males and 76 females. The average age was 81.39±8.16 (range from 60 to 98). According to Evans classification, the numbers of cases of typeⅠa, typeⅠb, typeⅠc, typeⅠd and typeⅡwere 10, 46, 48, 16 and 7, respectively. Based on the AO /OTA classification, there were 10 cases of type 31-A1.2, 84 of type 31- A1.3, 17 of type 31-A2.2, 9 of type 31-A2.3, and 7 of type 31-A3. Preoperative and the final follow up, function of hip joint of patients treatedwith the PFNA were evaluated by harris hip score, and the postoperative complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#No incision infection occurred in all patients after PFNA. In this research, 4 cases failed in internal fixation, three of them underwent artificial femoral head replacement;5 cases died within one year after operation;2 cases had multiple embolizations of pulmonary artery branches, which recovered after anticoagulation treatment. There were 48 cases complicated with pneumonia, among which 9 cases had pulmonary inflammation before operation;27 cases with pleural effusion, 3 cases with acute heart failure, 3 cases with acute renal insufficiency, except one case died of pneumonia, pleural effusion, hypoproteinemia and respiratory failure during hospitalization, the other patients recovered after treatment. All 119 patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months, with an average of (17.01±6.03) months, Harris hip score increased from 8.96±5.40 preoperation to 83.57±8.92 at the final follow-up (@*CONCLUSION@#PFNA is a recommended option for the treatment of senile patients with intertrochanteric fracture. However, there were a lot of complications when femoral intertrochanteric fractures happened in aged patients, especially prevention and treatment of pulmonary embolism, promptly corrected low hemoglobin and low albumin, and reduce complications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of intramedullary nail fixation following two-step closed reduction or limited open reduction for femoral subtrochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#Forty six patients with femoral subtrochanteric fractures were analyzed retrospectively from January 2014 to April 2020. Twenty four patients which including 16 males and 8 females, aged from 34 to 91 years old with an average of (55.42±18.25) years old, were treated with two step closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation on supine position. Twenty-two patients which including 15 males and 7 females, aged from 33 to 87 years old with an average of (56.31±14.77) years old, were performed limited open reductionand intramedullary nail fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications and fracture healing time were recorded and compared between two groups. Postoperative Harris hip score at 8 months was applied to evalaute joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were successfully complete operation without incision infection. All patients were followed up from 8 to 36 months with an average of (18.2± 6.1) months. Introperation blood loss, operation time in closed reduction group were (157.92±51.07) ml, (82.08±13.43) min respectively, while in limited open reduction group were (230.91±87.88) ml, (92.73±12.79) min respectively; while there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Femoral subtrochanteric fractures could be effectively treated by both methods. Two-step closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation may be more advantageous in less tissue damage, shorter operation time and less intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888019

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of anemoside B4 on rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Seventy-two SD male rats were randomly divided into blank group and model group.The method of exposure to cigarette smoke and combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to replicate the rat model of COPD.After the model was maintained for 5 weeks,the rats were randomly divided into model group,dexamethasone group (0.81 mg·kg~(-1)) and anemoside B4 low,medium and high (2,4,8 mg·kg~(-1)) dose groups,a group of 12 animals were administered,and then the administration was started.The administration was maintained until the28th day,and the pulmonary function parameters of rats were measured by an animal pulmonary function instrument.After testing the rat lung function parameters,immediately draw rat alveolar lavage fluid (BALF),and use high-throughput protein chip technology to determined the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines in rat BALF.HE staining was used to observe the general pathological changes of rat lung and tracheal tissue.Masson staining was used to observe the collagen deposition in rat lung tissue.Real-time q PCR method was used to determine the mRNA expression level of related genes in rat lung tissue.Western blot method was used to determine the expression levels of related proteins in rat lung tissues.According to the findings,compared with the model group,the dexamethasone group and the anemoside B4 drug groups had different degrees of increase in the lung function parameters of rats (P<0.01,P<0.05),improved the expression level of inflammatory cytokines in the BALF of rats to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05),and improved the pathological structure of rat lung tissue to varying degrees.Relative mRNA expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2),matrix metalloproteinase 12 (MMP-12),matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor 1 (TIMP-1),interleukin-6 (IL-6),and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were significantly reduced (P<0.01);whereas relative mRNA expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 9(MMP-9) and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor 2 (TIMP-2) were increased significantly (P<0.01).The mRNA and protein expression levels of T-box transcription factor (T-bet),interleukin-12 (IL-12) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 4(STAT4) reduced to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05).The mRNA of transcription factor GATA3 (binding protein-3),interleukin-4 (IL-4) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) in rat lung tissues and the protein expression levels of IL-4 and STAT6 were increased to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05).In conclusion,anemoside B4 has a certain protective effect on COPD rats caused by cigarette smoke exposure and combined with LPS.The mechanism of action may be related to the regulation of IL-12/STAT4 and IL-4/STAT6 signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Interleukin-12 , Interleukin-4 , Lung/metabolism , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/genetics , Rats , STAT4 Transcription Factor/metabolism , STAT6 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Saponins
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effects of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) combined with antibiotics in treating acute periprosthetic joint infection (PJI).@*METHODS@#From March 2012 to December 2018, there were 11 patients with acute PJI underwent debridement, VSD, antibiotics and retention of implant, including 7 males and 4 females, with an average age of 72.5 years old (ranged, 58 to 88 years old). There were 8 hips and 3 knees. Three patients had sinus tract.@*RESULTS@#There were 2 patients with negative culture result and 9 patients with positive culture result, including 5 cases of methicillin sensitive staphylococcus aureus, 2 cases of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), 2 cases of staphylococcus epidermidis. The mean follow up duration was 28 months (ranged from 8 to 52 months). One case of infection around hip prosthesis failed to be debrided. The time of debridement and replacement of the calcar joint was 84 days. Debridement was successful in 10 cases. At the latest follow up, Harris score of patients with successful debridement of hip periprosthetic infection ranged from 74 to 93, with an average score of 84.1;Knee Society scores of patients with periprosthetic infection were 84, 84, 89.@*CONCLUSION@#For acute infection around the prosthesis within 1 month after knee replacement and 6 weeks after hip replacement, and for bleeding around the prosthesis with acute infection caused by anticoagulant drugs, satisfactory results can be obtained by debridement, VSD and sensitive antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Debridement , Drainage , Female , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Middle Aged , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817688

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate whether oral administration of probiotics could improve the aluminum-induced hippocampal inflammation in mice.【Methods】Twenty-four 8-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups,6 in each. The mice in control(CON)group,AlCl3-treated(Al)group,probiotics-treated(PO)group and treatment-combined(Al+PO)group were treated with sterile water,oral AlCl3,probiotics in sterile water and a combination of oral AlCl3 and probiotics in sterile water ,respectively. After six weeks of treatment,immunofluorescence staining was used to test the numbers of activated microglia(Iba-1+/CD68+ cells) and the expression level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF)in hippocampus;enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was employed to determine the levels of interleukin- 1 β(IL- 1 β) and tumor necrosis factor- α(TNF- α)in serum and hippocampus.【Results】 The morphology revealed that compared with those in CON group,in Al group,the numbers of Iba-1+/CD68+ cells increased significantly(P < 0.01)and the BDNF level decreased significantly(P < 0.01). Compared those in Al group , in Al+PO group ,the numbers of Iba-1+/CD68+ cells were significantly lower(P < 0.01)and the BDNF level significantly higher(P < 0.01). ELISA results showed that compared with those in CON group,in Al group,the levels of IL-1β and TNF- α in serum and hippocampus had a significant rise(P < 0.01). Compared those in Al group,in Al+PO group,the levels of IL- 1 β in serum and hippocampus and TNF-α in hippocampus had a significant reduction (P < 0.01).【Conclusions】Oral probiotics improves the aluminum-induced hippocampal inflammation in mice.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 490-495, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817298

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of classical prescription versus antihistamines in the treatment of eczema. METHODS :Retrieved from CBM and CNKI ,randomized controlled trials (RCTs)about classical prescription(trial group )versus antihistamines (control group )in the treatment of eczema were collected. The qualities of included literatures were evaluated by modified Jadad scale after literature screening and data extraction ,and Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5.3 software. RESULTS :Totally 19 RCTs involving 1 829 patients were included. Meta-analysis showed that total response rate of patients with Shire Yunfu type [OR =5.67,95%CI(3.44,9.33),P<0.000 01],Pixu Shiyun type [OR =4.23, 95% CI(1.89,9.46),P=0.000 4],Xuexu Fengzao type [OR =3.57,95% CI(2.36,5.41),P<0.000 01] in trial group were significantly higher than that of control group. There were no statistical differences in the incidence of ADR between patients with Shire Yunfu type [OR =0.72,95%CI(0.21,2.41),P=0.59],Pixu Shiyun type [OR =0.31,95%CI(0.01,13.57),P=0.54],Xuexu Fengzao type [OR=1.08,95% CI(0.18,6.59),P=0.93] in trial group and control group. After treatment ,the levels of TNF-α [SMD=-1.67,95%CI(-2.04,-1.31),P<0.000 01],IL-6 [SMD=-1.53,95%CI(-1.88,-1.17),P<0.000 01] and IL-8 [SMD=-1.75,95%CI(-2.28,-1.21),P<0.000 01] in patients with Shire Yunfu type in trial group were significantly lower than control group. There was no statistical significance in CD 4+ levels [SMD =1.51,95%CI(-0.37,3.38),P=0.12] between Shire Yunfu type patients in trial group and control group. CONCLUSIONS :Therapeutic efficacy of classical prescription in treatment of eczema is better than antihistamines,with similar safety . Modified Longdan xiegan decoction can significantly reduce the levels of inflammatory cytokines in patients with Shire Yunfu type.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879360

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effects of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with footprint ending shift for massive rotator cuff tear.@*METHODS@#From March 2015 to April 2019, 27 patients with massive rotator cuff tear underwent arthroscopic repair, including 12 males and 15 females, ranging in age from 37 to 74 years old, with an average age of (56.1±8.9) years. According to the tension of rotator cuff, 5 patients were treated with double row suture bridge technique, and 22 patients were treated with single row technique, among which 7 patients underwent partial rotator cuff repair. Before and after operation, University of California Los Angeles(UCLA) score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate shoulder joint function.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 8 to 40 months, with an average of (18.0±5.9) months. The UCLA score increased from preoperative 8.67±0.78 to final follow-up 30.89±1.07(@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with footprint ending shift for massive rotator cuff tear has satisfactory results, and single-row can be chosen to completely or partial repair rotator cuff tear for most patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of aquatic exercise on lower-limb motor function and activities of daily living for patients with stroke. Methods:The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about effects of aquatic therapeutic exercise on stroke patients were recalled from the databases of Cochrane Library, PEDro, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, OVID, EBSCO, CMCI, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP. The methodological quality of the included RCTs was evaluated. The data were extracted, and analysed with RevMan 5.3. Results:A total of 23 RCTs that represented 861 participants were evaluated. Compared with the control group, aquatic exercise significantly improved the performance of Berg Balance Scale (WMD = 2.69, 95%CI 1.21 to 4.16,P < 0.001), Timed Up and Go Test (WMD = -1.56, 95%CI -3.07 to -0.05,P < 0.05), Functional Reach Test (WMD = 2.69, 95%CI 1.21 to 4.16,P < 0.001), sway velocity of center of pressure (SVCOP) (left/right) (WMD = -1.38, 95%CI -2.72 to -0.05,P < 0.05), SVCOP (anteroposterior) (WMD = -1.64, 95%CI -3.10 to  -0.18,P < 0.05), walking speed (SMD = 0.33, 95%CI 0.07 to 0.58,P < 0.05), Two Minute Walk Test (WMD = 12.75, 95%CI 4.17 to 21.34,P < 0.01), Functional Ambulation Category (WMD = 0.94, 95%CI 0.67 to 1.20,P < 0.001), muscle strength of knee extensor (WMD = 4.30, 95%CI 1.53 to 7.07,P < 0.01), muscle strength of knee flexor (WMD = 4.80, 95%CI 0.29 to 9.32,P < 0.05), and Functional Independence Measurement (WMD = 6.12, 95%CI 3.98 to 8.27,P < 0.001), but not significantly in the score of modified Barthel Index (WMD = 2.92, 95%CI -6.74 to 12.58,P = 0.55). Conclusion:Aquatic exercise can improve balance, walking and muscle strength of lower extremities of stroke patients, but do not for activities of daily living.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1021-1030, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826874

ABSTRACT

Pectin methylesterase (PME) is an important pectinase that hydrolyzes methyl esters in pectin to release methanol and reduce the degree of methylation of pectin. At present, it has broad application prospects in food processing, tea beverage, paper making and other production processes. With the in-depth study of PME, the crystal structures with different sources have been reported. Analysis of these resolved crystal structures reveals that PME belongs to the right-hand parallel β-helix structure, and its catalytic residues are two aspartic acids and a glutamine, which play the role of general acid-base, nucleophile and stable intermediate, in the catalytic process. At the same time, the substrate specificity is analyzed to understand the recognition mechanism of the substrate and active sites. This paper systematically reviews these related aspects.


Subject(s)
Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases , Chemistry , Metabolism , Catalytic Domain , Crystallography , Pectins , Metabolism , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Substrate Specificity
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 54-58, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990004

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Matrigel is a basement membrane matrix extracted from the EHS mouse tumor containing extracellular matrix protein, its main components are laminin, type IV collagen, nestin, heparin sulfate, growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase.At room temperature, Matrigel polymerized to form a three dimensional matrix with biological activity. It can simulate the structure, composition, physical properties and functions of the cell basement membrane in vivo, which is beneficial to the culture and differentiation of the cells in vitro, and can be used for the study of cell morphology, biochemical function, migration, infection and gene expression. In this study, Matrigel three-dimensional culture model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) was established, and its morphology, proliferation and survival were observed. BMSCs were isolated and cultured with whole bone marrow adherence method. The Second generation BMSCs with good growth condition were selected and mixed with Matrigel to form cell gel complexes. The morphology and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells were observed by phase contrast microscope and HE staining,Live/Dead staining was used to evaluate the cell activity.Phase contrast microscopy showed that BMSCs were reticulated in Matrigel and proliferated well, After 7 days, the matrix gel gradually became soft and collapsed, a few cell reticular crosslinking growth was seen at 14 days; HE staining showed that the cytoplasm of the cells was larger on the fourth day and the cells were elongated and cross-linked on the seventh day; Live/dead staining showed that most cells showed green fluorescence with the prolongation of culture time, on the first, 4 and 7 days, the activity of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in Matrigel gradually increased, and the percentages were 92.57 %, 95.54 % and 97.37 %, respectively. Matrigel three-dimensional culture system can maintain the morphology, function and proliferation ability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.


RESUMEN: Matrigel es una matriz de membrana basal extraída del tumor de ratón EHS que contiene proteína de matriz extracelular. Los componentes principales son laminina, el colágeno tipo IV, nestina, sulfato de heparina, factor de crecimiento y metaloproteinasa de matriz. A temperatura ambiente, Matrigel se polimerizó para formar una matriz tridimensional. Es posible simular la estructura, la composición, las propiedades físicas y las funciones de la membrana basal celular in vivo, lo que es beneficioso para el cultivo y la diferenciación de las células in vitro, y se puede utilizar para el estudio de la morfología celular, la función bioquímica, la migración, infección y expresión génica. En este estudio, se estableció el modelo de cultivo tridimensional Matrigel de células madre mesenquimales de médula ósea (BMSC), y se observó su morfología, proliferación y supervivencia. Las BMSC fueron aisladas y cultivadas con el método de adherencia de la médula ósea completa. Se seleccionaron las BMSC de segunda generación con buenas condiciones de crecimiento y se mezclaron con Matrigel para formar complejos de gel de células. La morfología y la proliferación de las células madre mesenquimales se observaron con microscopio de contraste de fase y se tiñó con Hematoxilina-Eosina (HE); para evaluar la actividad celular se usó la tinción Live/Dead. La microscopía de contraste mostró que las BMSC se reticularon en Matrigel y proliferaron bien. Después de 7 días, se observó que el gel de matriz gradualmente se volvió blando y colapsó, y se visualizó un cruce transversal de algunas células reticulares a los 14 días. La tinción mostró que la mayoría de las células mostraron una fluorescencia verde con la prolongación del tiempo de cultivo; en los primeros 4 y 7 días, la actividad de las células madre mesenquimales de la médula ósea en Matrigel aumentó gradualmente y los porcentajes fueron de 92,57 %, 95,54 % y 97,37 %, respectivamente. El sistema de cultivo tridimensional de Matrigel puede mantener la morfología, la función y la capacidad de proliferación de las células madre mesenquimales de la médula ósea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Proteoglycans/chemistry , Collagen/chemistry , Laminin/chemistry , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Tissue Engineering , Drug Combinations
14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1707-1711, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CBM and CNKI, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about ticagrelor (trial group) and clopidogrel (control group) in the treatment of ACS were included. After literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation with modified Jadad scale, Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5.3 software. RESULTS: 26 RCTs were included, involving 8 560 patients. Meta-analysis showed that the incidence of main adverse cardiac event [RR=0.47,95%CI(0.38,0.57),P<0.000 01] and stroke [RR=0.24,95%CI(0.08,0.69),P=0.008], platelet aggregation rate [SMD=-3.16,95%CI(-4.16,-2.16),P<0.000 01] and C-reactive protein level [SMD=-1.02,95%CI(-1.76,-0.29),P=0.006] in trial group were significantly lower than control group; uric acid level [SMD=0.64,95%CI(0.39,0.88),P<0.000 01] of trial group was significantly higher than control group. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of main bleeding event [RR=0.96,95%CI(0.66,1.40),P=0.85] or dyspnea [RR=1.19,95%CI(0.78,1.80),P=0.42] between 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy and safety of ticagrelor is superior to those of clopidogrel in treatment of ACS, but ticagrelor can cause the elevation of uric acid.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of mangiferin on proliferation, apoptosis and cycle of FLT3-ITD mutation-positive acute myeloid leukemia cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The effects of different concentration of mangiferin on proliferation of MV4-11 cells were detected by CCK8 method. Apoptosis, cell cycle and FLT3 transmembrane protein expression were detected by flow cytometry. FLT3 mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) .@*RESULTS@#Mangiferin obviously inhibited MV4-11 proliferation in a concentration and time dependent manner (48 h,r=0.922;72 h,r=0.959;96 h,r=0.973). The ratio of G0/G1 phase in cell cycle increased with the enhancement of concentration of mangiferin in MV4-11 cells for 48 h, and the ratio of S phase decreased with enhasment of concentration. The increase of apoptosis was more obvious. The expression of FLT3 transmembrane protein significantly decreased after the actior of IC50 concentration of mangiferin in MV4-11 cells for 48 h. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the expression of FLT3 mRNA significantly decreased after treatment of MN4-11 cells with mangiferin (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Mangiferin inhibits MV4-11 cell proliferation, arrests cell cycle progression and promotes apoptosis, which may be related with the inhibition of FLT3 activity by mangiferin and the subsequent signaling pathways involved in apoptosis and proliferation of cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Xanthones , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 616-625, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771347

ABSTRACT

Glucoamylase is a critical ingredient for saccharification in the starch decomposition, and widely used in food, pharmaceutical and fermentation industries. Glucoamylases are usually thermostable and have peak activities at high temperature, as required for the industrial process of glucose production. In this study, a glucoamylase gene belonging to the glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 15, Tlga15A, was cloned from Talaromyces leycettanus JCM12802, and successfully expressed in Pichia pastoris GS115. Recombinant glucoamylase TlGA showed optimal activities at pH 4.5 and 75 °C. The result of thermostability analysis showed that TlGA retained above 70% activity after incubating for 1 h at 65 °C, and 43% residual activity after 30 min at 70 °C. Moreover, TlGA had high resistance to most metal ions and chemical reagents tested. Various starch substrates could be hydrolyzed by TlGA, including soluble starch (255.6±15.3) U/mg, amylopectin (342.3±24.7) U/mg, glycogen (185.4±12.5) U/mg, dextrin (423.3±29.3) U/mg and pullulan (65.7±8.1) U/mg. The primary, secondary and tertiary structures of glucoamylase were further analyzed. The low ratio of Gly in the primary structure and low exposed nonpolarity solvent accessible surface in the tertiary structure may be the main reasons for TlGA's thermostability. These results show that TlGA is great promising for potential use in the commercial production of glucose syrups. Moreover, this research will provide knowledge and innovating ideas for the improvement of glucoamylase thermostability.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Enzyme Stability , Glucan 1,4-alpha-Glucosidase , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Pichia , Talaromyces , Temperature
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755654

ABSTRACT

Objective In this study, we aimed to translate and revise the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities( SDSCA) and the Confidence In Diabetes Self-care( CIDS) scales, to test the reliability and validity of the two scales in Chinese adult type 1 diabetes( T1D) patients. Methods In the first step, Chinese versions( C-SDSCA and C-CIDS) were developed conceptually equivalent to the English versions. And the investigation was conducted in 100 patients from Guangdong T1D Translational Medicine Study. 15 of them were randomly chosen to be retested 4 weeks later. Cronbach's α were used to assess reliability, and factor analysis to its validity. The relationship between scores of C-SDSCA and C-CIDS were analyzed using Spearman correlation analysis. Results The overall Cronbach's α of C-SDSCA was 0.72 and the retest reliability was 0.95( sub-scale:0.67-1.00) . 4 common factors were extracted by factor analysis, and the cumulative contribution was 87.39%. As for C-CIDS, the general Cronbach's α was 0.84 and the retest reliability was 0. 70 ( sub-scale: 0. 49-0. 86 ) . 6 common factors were extracted and the cumulative contribution was 75.41%. The score of the two scales was positively related(r=0.61, P<0.01). Conclusion The revised C-CIDS and C-SDSCA scales turn out to have good reliability and validity, and can be used as instruments to assess diabetes self-management efficacy and self-care activities of Chinese adult T1D patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801930

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen the differentially expressed proteins of saponins in Pulsatillae Radix inhibiting the proliferation and induce apoptosis on NCI-H460 tumor cells based on proteome technology using nano LC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS, and preliminarily speculate the potential mechanism. Method: NCI-H460, SK-OV-3 and SGC-7901 tumor cells were cultured in vitro. Methylthiazoletetrazolium (MTT) assay was used to detect the inhibitory rate of saponins in Pulsatillae Radix on three tumor cell lines. Effect of saponins in Pulsatillae Radix on apoptosis was analyzed by Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) staining flow cytometry and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. Apoptosis was analyzed using flow cytometry and DAPI stain. Nano LC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS was used to investigate the changes in the protein profiles on NCI-H460 cells treated with saponins in Pulsatillae Radix. Proteins exhibiting differential expression were analyzed by DAVID Bioinformatics Resources 6.8 and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) database. The differentially expressed proteins were verified by Western blot. Result: Saponins in Pulsatillae Radix could inhibit the proliferation of NCI-H460, SK-OV-3 and SGC-7901 tumor cells and induce apoptosis of NCI-H460 tumor cells. Effect of Saponins in Pulsatillae Radix on the proliferation and apoptosis of NCI-H460 tumor cells was mainly related to the regulation of biological function of ribosome, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis and other biological processes. It was possible to induce apoptosis of NCI-H460 tumor cells by interfering mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway and regulating the Caspase pathway. Conclusion: Saponins in Pulsatillae Radix can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of NCI-H460 tumor cells, the mechanism may be related to the intervention of MAPK signaling pathway and the regulation of Caspase pathway. These findings are helpful to elucidate the molecular mechanism of the anti-tumor effect of saponins in Pulsatillae Radix.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of mobile medical technology in aquatic rehabilitation assessment for patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From November, 2017 to April, 2018, 72 patients with spinal cord injury accepted aquatic exercise were randomly divided into control group (n = 36) and experimental group (n = 36). All the patients were assessed with Water Orientation Assessment of Alyn (WOTA), using paper scale for the control group, mobile scale for the experimental group, twice. The time for assessment and for recall was recorded. The accuracy of results and variety between assessment was compared. Results:The time for assessment and for recall was less in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 10.492, P < 0.001), with more accuracy of standard total score, the variety of total score and standard total score (χ2 > 4.545, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the paper-based assessment, the assessment based on mobile technology may improve work efficiency.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the methods and effects of arthroscopic operation in aged patients with meniscal injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to June 2018, 86 elderly patients with meniscal injury met the inclusion criteria, including 35 males and 51 females, aged 60 to 76 years old, with an average age of 63.7 years old, 32 patients with definite trauma and 54 without definite trauma. Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy was performed in 75 cases, partial meniscectomy and anterior angle repair in 2 cases, partial meniscectomy and body repair in 2 cases, and partial meniscectomy and repair in 7 cases of horizontal delamination rupture of posterior horn; 28 patients with mild joint degeneration went through drilling decompression of intercond-ylar fossa. Lysholm score and IKDC score were used to evaluate knee joint function and visual analogue scale(VAS) was used to evaluate pain.@*RESULTS@#All patients were successfully operated under arthroscope. The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 36 months, with an average of 15 months. The Lysholm score of knee joint increased from preoperative 51.26±12.00 to final follow-up 81.20±4.89 points (=22.07, <0.001); IKDC scores increased from preoperative 48.05±10.68 to final follow-up 76.97±6.26(=23.04, <0.001); and the VAS decreased from preoperative 3.37±0.84 to final follow-up 0.57±0.62(=36.27, <0.001). Two patients with non-traumatic degenerative medial meniscus injury with medial osteoarthritis had no significant improvement after 1 year follow-up, so underwent total knee arthroplasty.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In elderly patients with knee meniscus injury, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy, or partial meniscectomy and repair can achieve satisfying clinical results. If the injuried joint is accompanied with mild degeneration, drilling hole decompression of intercondylar fossa should be performed at the same time.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroscopy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Knee Injuries , Male , Menisci, Tibial , Meniscus , Middle Aged , Tibial Meniscus Injuries , Treatment Outcome
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