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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933734

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of 5 patients with autoimmune encephalitis admitted to the psychiatric department of the 904th Hospital of the Joint Logistics Service Force from January 2016 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among 5 patients, 4 had stress psychological events within one month before the onset, and 3 had precursor symptoms such as fever and vomiting. They were all characterized by rapid progress of atypical mental and behavioral abnormalities and cognitive impairment. In terms of neurological symptoms, 1 case had faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FBDS), 3 cases had seizures, 2 cases had involuntary movement, and 4 cases had autonomic dysfunction, including central hypopnea, arrhythmia, blood pressure instability and paroxysmal facial flushing. Most neurological symptoms occur within 1 month of the onset. MRI revealed abnormalities in cerebral cortex, thalamus, temporal lobe and insular lobe in 4 cases; EEG demonstrated bilateral short-range medium amplitude θ wave in 2 cases. Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure was detected in 4 cases and 2 cases had abnormal cell number CSF. Three patients had positive anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibody, one patient had positive anti-LGI1 antibody, and one patient had positive anti-γ-aminobutyric acid B receptor (GABA BR) antibody. One case was discharged automatically, the remaining 4 patients were treated with glucocorticoid or combined with gamma globulin and cyclophosphamide, antiepileptic drugs, antipsychotic drugs and other symptomatic treatment, and their symptoms were relieved. Patients were followed up for six months, there was slightly slow residual reaction in 2 cases and personality change in 1 case. Autoimmune encephalitis characterized by mental symptoms is likely to be misdiagnosed as mental disorders. Clinicians should identify symptoms different from mental disorders, taking into account of the possibility of autoimmune encephalitis, to make early diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical application value of color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) in the nursing observation of flap vascular circulation after free flap transplantation.Methods:From September 2018 to November 2020, 18 patients with skin defect of limbs treated by free flap transplantation in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were monitored by skin color, skin temperature, skin tension, capillary reaction time and CDU. When the vascular circulation disorder was found, the patients should be treated with volume expansion, rehydration, local massage of the flap, anticoagulation and microcirculation improvement. Positive drainage under the flap to prevent infection, combined with hyperbaric oxygen treatment, accurate and timely exploration of vascular crisis to avoid flap necrosis.Results:Postoperatively, CDU monitoring found that 2 cases had regional vascular circulation disorder, 1 case had complete embolization of the main vessels and perforators in the flap, the flap was thinned and changed to full thickness skin grafting, the deep tissue exposed area was healed by dressing change, and 1 case had incomplete embolization of the flap′s reflowing vein. After operation, the venous crisis was relieved and the flap survived completely.Conclusions:Comprehensive observation is needed after free flap transplantation. Combined with four routine vascular circulation indexes, CDU monitoring of flap blood flow can provide more objective, accurate and detailed basis for vascular circulation status, and can accurately find the vascular circulation disorder after free flap transplantation in early stage, and understand the vascular flow status of the flap, so as to effectively avoid the continuous progress of vascular crisis, to avoid flap necrosis and improve the survival rate of flap.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930425

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical and genetic characteristics of 2 cases with infantile GM1 gang-liosidosis.Methods:Clinical data of 2 cases with infantile GM1 gangliosidosis in the Department of Rehabilitation, Tianjin Children′s Hospital from May 2019 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The major manifestations of 2 cases included infantile onset, psychomotor retardation and retrogression, blundering face, sensitive to sound, gingival hyperplasia, abnormal eruption of teeth, hypotonia or dystonia, bone dysplasia, and skin abnormalities.Case 1 had hepatosplenomegaly, corneal opacity and multiple joint contractures.Case 2 had fundus cherry erythema and epileptic seizure.Biochemical results showed that alkaline phosphatase and aspartate transaminase significantly increased, and alanine transaminase was normal.Cranial nuclear magnetic imaging showed poor myelin sheath in the white matter in both cases, and case 1 also had symmetric signal changes in the thalamus.Whole exon sequencing showed that case 1 had deletion mutation of 3p22.3 (33137821-33138587)×1 in the exon of GLB1 gene, which has not been previously reported. Conclusions:The clinical spectrum of infantile GM1 gangliosidosis is broad.Both cases in this study have skin abnormalities, which are relatively rare.Multiple joint contractures in case 1 have not been previously reported, and considered as a new phenotype.The deletion mutation of 3p22.3 (33137821-33138587)×1 in the exon of GLB1 gene in case 1 is a newly detected mutation, which expands the genetic profile of infantile GM1 gangliosidosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diversity and structural changes of intestinal flora in patients with sepsis.Methods:A total of 55 patients were enrolled who visited the Emergency Department of several Grade III-A hospitals from November 2015 to March 2016. Among them, 25 patients with sepsis metthe diagnostic criteria of Sepsis 3.0 and 30 patients had no sepsis. The intestinal flora from all fecal samples was sequenced by 16S rRNA sequencing technology. The diversity and structure changes of the flora were analyzed using Uparse, Qiime, R and LEfSe software.Results:There was no significant difference in sex, age, chronic underlying diseases, and the diversity of intestinal flora between the sepsis and non-sepsis groups (all P>0.05). The structure of intestinal flora was significant different between the two groups ( P<0.05). Abundances of Negativicutes, Selenomonadales, Veillonellaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Faecalibacterium, Hafnia, Lachnoclostridium, Blautia and Ruminococcus in intestinal flora from patients with sepsis were significantly reduced, but those of Bacilli, Coriobacteriia, Lactobacillales, Coriobacteriales, Clostridiaceae, Coriobacteriaceae, Clostridium_sensu_stricto, Collinsella and Collinsella_aerofaciens were significantly increased. Conclusions:There is no change in the diversity of intestinal flora between the sepsis and non-sepsis groups. There are structural changes of intestinal flora in patients with sepsis.

5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 182-186, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929218

ABSTRACT

Acupoint autohemotherapy at bilateral Zusanli (ST36) and Xuehai (SP10) was used to treat a 26-year-old female patient who had suffered from recalcitrant atopic eczema (AE) for five years. The treatment was applied at a frequency of once per week for the first month, followed by a three-month period of once every other week. At the end of treatment, the patient's AE symptoms were entirely resolved, and by the end of a six-month follow-up her immunoglobulin E level had returned to the normal range. Further, there was no relapse of AE symptoms during the six-month follow-up. Therefore, we hypothesized that after the repeated treatments the local inflammatory reaction induced by autologous blood injection triggered a local immune response, followed by a systemic immune response after the repeated treatment, finally leading to the anti-inflammation and immunomodulation effects. This case suggests that acupoint autohemotherapy could be used as an effective complementary treatment for recalcitrant AE, especially in cases where other treatments have failed. Further comparative studies are needed to corroborate the value and mechanisms of this therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Dermatitis, Atopic/therapy , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the modulation of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on default mode network (DMN) in patients with primary insomnia (PI).@*METHODS@#A total of 22 PI patients (one patient dropped off and two patients were excluded) were included and treated with taVNS. The bilateral auricular points of Xin (CO15) and Shen (CO10) were selected and treated with disperse-dense wave at frequency of 4 Hz/20 Hz, the intensity was based on the patient's tolerance. taVNS was given once in the morning and once in the evening for 30 minutes each time. The treatment lasted for at least 5 days a week for 4 weeks. At the same time, 16 healthy subjects matched with gender and age were recruited. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score was evaluated before and after treatment in PI patients. The resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data of PI patients before and after treatment and healthy subjects at baseline period were collected to observe the effect of taVNS on the functional connection (FC) between posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and whole brain.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total score of PSQI in PI patients was lower than that before treatment (P<0.01). Compared with healthy subjects, the FC of the left PCC was increased either with the left orbital superior frontal gyrus or with left middle frontal gyrus (P<0.001), and the FC between right PCC and left middle frontal gyrus was increased in PI patients before treatment (P<0.001). Compared before treatment, the FC between left PCC and left middle frontal gyrus was decreased (P<0.05), and the FC of the right PCC was decreased either with the right medial prefrontal cortex or with the left middle frontal gyrus in PI patients after treatment (P<0.001, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#taVNS can modulate the FC between anterior and posterior DMN, and between DMN and cognitive control network of PI patients, which may be one of the brain effect mechanisms of taVNS in the treatment of PI patients.


Subject(s)
Brain/physiology , Default Mode Network , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Vagus Nerve , Vagus Nerve Stimulation/methods
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 591-600, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927139

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#SOX12 is overexpressed in many cancers, and we aimed to explore the biological function and mechanism of SOX12 in thyroid cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We first analyzed the expression of SOX12 in thyroid cancer using data in The Cancer Genome Atlas. Immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR were performed to identify SOX12 expression in thyroid cancer tissue and cells. Thyroid cancer cells were transfected with small interfering RNA targeting SOX12, and cellular functional experiments, including CCK8, wound healing, and Transwell assays, were performed. Protein expression was examined by Western blot analysis. A xenograft model was developed to evaluate the effect of SOX12 on tumor growth in vivo. @*Results@#SOX12 expression was increased in thyroid cancer tissue and cells. SOX12 promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and accelerated tumor growth in vivo. The expression of PCNA, Cyclin D1, E-cadherin, Snail, MMP-2, and MMP-9 was affected by SOX12 knockdown. Bioinformatic analysis showed that SOX12 could interact with the POU family. SOX12 knockdown inhibited the expression of POU2F1, POU2F2, POU3F1 and POU3F2, and SOX12 expression showed a positive correlation with POU2F1, POU3F1, and POU3F2 expression in clinical data. POU2F1 and POU3F1 were able to reverse the effect of SOX12 knockdown on thyroid cancer cells. @*Conclusion@#SOX12 affects the progression of thyroid cancer by regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition and interacting with POU2F1 and POU3F1, which may be novel targets for thyroid cancer molecular therapy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1476-1483, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910738

ABSTRACT

Lumbar brucellar spondylitis is an infectious disease caused by the invasion of brucella. The incidence has been on the rise in recent years. And it threatens people's health seriously. Early and proper diagnosis and treatment is the key to cure patients with lumbar brucella spondylitis. However, in the early stage of the disease, there are only nonspecific symptoms such as back pain, fever, and sweating. If the patient has the above symptoms and epidemiological history of direct or indirect livestock contact, and inflammatory signals of the vertebrae or intervertebral space are visible on MRI, the possibility of early infection of lumbar brucella spondylitis should be considered. It is not difficult to make the diagnosis of lumbar brucella spondylitis in the middle and late stages by taking into account the epidemiology, symptoms, signs, laboratory tests, and the imaging features such as narrowing of the intervertebral space, abnormal signals of the vertebral body and disc, bone destruction and sclerosis, "lace-like" appearance, sequestrum formation and limited paraspinal abscess. Patients in these stages often present with serious manifestations such as lumbar instability due to bone destruction, and the focus is on surgical intervention. The basic principle of surgical treatment is lesion removal combined with fixation. Intraoperative reduction of damage to bone and ligamentous structures such as the posterior ligamentous complex and strong fixation will contribute to the complete cure of the disease. By referring to the literature on lumbar brucellar spondylitis, this paper focuses on the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, imaging features, laboratory tests and conservative and surgical treatment of the disease, aiming to provide a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1333-1341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and early clinical effect of lumbar lateral anterior interbody fusion in the treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis.Methods:Forty patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis who underwent lumbar lateral anterior interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous pedicle screw and rod internal fixation from January 2018 to January 2020 were selected. There were 17 males and 23 females; The age was 65.4±7.2 years (range 51-84 years). All patients had obvious low back pain, of which 22 patients (55.0%) had lower limb pain, numbness or intermittent claudication. 16 patients (40.0%) had scoliosis and the main curve protruded to the right, and 24 patients (60.0%) had scoliosis and the main curve protruded to the left. The operation time and intraoperative bleeding were recorded. The main outcome measures were visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), the MOS item short from health survey (SF-36), deformity correction, bone graft fusion time and complications.Results:The left approach was used in 16 cases of scoliosis with the main curve protruding to the right; In 24 cases, the main curve of scoliosis protruded to the left, of which 6 cases showed osteophyte on the concave side (right side) of coronal CT and the right approach was adopted, while the rest were adopted the left approach. Single segment fusion was performed in 8 cases (20.0%), double segment fusion in 12 cases (30.0%), three segment fusion in 16 cases (40.0%), and four segment fusion in 4 cases (10%). Among the 22 patients with symptoms of lower limb nerve damage, 6 needed secondary unilateral laminectomy. All 40 patients completed the operation successfully, the operation time was 255±37 min (range 130-345 min) and the amount of intraoperative bleeding was 100±16.2 ml (range 10-505 ml). All patients were followed up for 12.8±4.5 months (range 6-24 months). The preoperative VAS score was 5.7±1.0, improved to 3.5±0.7 on the first day after operation, and 1.4±0.3 at the last follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( F=2322.229, P <0.001). The preoperative ODI was 79.9%±9.3%, the first day after operation was 51.6%±8.9%, and the last follow-up was 11.7%±2.2%. The difference was statistically significant ( F=3770.411, P <0.001). SF-36 was 68.6±5.3 before operation and 78.4±5.5 on the first day after operation, which increased to 109.9 ± 4.9 at the last follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( F=21736.486, P <0.001). The Cobb angle of lumbar scoliosis was 27.8°±14.1° before operation and 7.5°±3.5° on the first day after operation, the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.551, P <0.001); The height of intervertebral space was 10.9±2.1 mm before operation and 15.3±3.4 mm on the first day after operation, the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.106, P <0.001). 24 patients (60.0%) had pain or numbness in the front of the thigh, and 4 patients (10.0%) had quadriceps femoris weakness; These symptoms disappeared within 3 months after operation in 26 patients, except that the numbness in the front of the thigh was only reduced in 2 patients 3 months after operation. All patients achieved satisfactory fusion in all segments at the last follow-up, and there was no non-fusion. Conclusion:Lumbar lateral anterior interbody fusion is a safe and feasible method for the treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 923-928, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the quality and diagnostic utility of the three sequences including fast spin echo (FSE), multi-acquisition variable resonance image combination selective (MAVRIC-SL), and isotropic MAVRIC-SL (iso MAVRIC-SL), in evaluating the intervertebral foramen and spinal canal in patients after lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF).Methods:Totally 30 patients after LLIF were enrolled prospectively from May to June 2020 in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University. The patients underwent MRI of the lumbar spine including sagittal MAVRIC-SL and iso MAVRIC-SL sequence three-dimensional volume imaging, and the axial spinal canal level images were reconstructed. FSE sequence sagittal T 1WI and axial T 2WI images were acquired simultaneously. The sagittal and axial images were subjectively graded for visualization of the intervertebral foramen and spinal canal. The artifact area and SNR were measured. The Friedman M test was used to compare the differences in image quality scores, artifact area and SNR among the three sequences. Results:Nonparametric test results showed significant differences in sagittal and axial image quality scores among the three sequences (both P<0.001). Sagittal image quality scores of MAVRIC-SL [4 (4, 4) points] and iso MAVRIC-SL [4 (4, 4) points] were higher than those of FSE T 1WI sequence [3 (3, 3) points, both P<0.001]. The quality scores of MAVRIC-SL and iso MAVRIC-SL showed no significant differences ( P=1.000). The axial image quality score of iso MAVRIC-SL[5 (5, 5) points] were higher than those of MAVRIC-SL [4 (4, 4) points] and FSE T 2WI [3 (3, 3) points, both P<0.05]. The iso MAVRIC-SL images enabled a significantly improved reduction in the artifact area and SNR compared to the MAVRIC-SL and FSE sequence (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The iso MAVRIC-SL acquisitions enhance visualization of the intervertebral foramen and spinal canal and decrease metal artifacts compared with MAVRIC-SL and FSE acquisitions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909342

ABSTRACT

Alanyl-glutamine dipeptide is an important component in parenteral nutrition, which can be decomposed into alanine and L-glutamine in vivo. It plays multiple functions including maintaining intestinal barrier, improving immunity, promoting protein synthesis, and regulating the production and release of inflammatory mediators. Substantial clinical evidences have demonstrated its favorable effectiveness and safety. Rational application of alanyl-glutamine dipeptide can reduce postoperative complications, shorten hospital stay and save medical costs. There are still controversies at home and abroad on the applicable population and dosage of alanyl-glutamine dipeptide. Chinese Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition organized China's experts of related disciplines to compile international standards in accordance with the latest guidelines and consensus, so as to achieve the goal of standardized application and patient benefits.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906312

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the effect of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) on the expression of inflammatory factors in peripheral blood of patients with coronary heart disease complicated with anxiety and depression,and explore its efficacy and safety in treatment of anxiety and depression. In this study,CNKI,VIP database,WanFang database,PubMed and Cochrane Library were searched to collect randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of TCM in the treatment of coronary heart disease complicated with anxiety and depression,and 2 researchers independently screened the literatures and extracted the data. The quality of the included literatures was evaluated with Cochrance bias risk evaluation tool and Meta analysis was conducted by Cochrane Revman 5.3 software. A total of 21 research articles were included,with a total sample size of 2 342 cases,1 175 cases in the treatment group and 1 167 cases in the control group. Meta analysis results showed that the treatment group reduced the hypersensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP)[standard mean difference(SMD)=-1.61,95% confidence interval(CI)(-2.14,-1.09),P<0.01],interleukin(IL)-8[mean difference(MD)=-5.03,95% CI(-8.37,-1.70),P=0.003],IL-17[MD=-33.27,95% CI(-40.15,-26.39),P<0.01],tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α[SMD=-1.18,95% CI(-1.98,-0.38),P<0.01],and homocysteine(Hcy)[MD=-3.45,95% CI(-4.85,-2.04),P<0.01]. The treatment group was better than the control group in terms of relieving anxiety and depression,i.e. scores of Hamilton anxiety scale(HAMA) [SMD=-1.97,95% CI(-2.48,-1.46),P<0.01],Hamilton depression scale(HAMD) [SMD=-1.94,95% CI(-2.50,-1.38),P<0.01],and self-rating depression scale(SDS)[SMD=-0.72,95% CI(-0.90,-0.54),P<0.01],so in terms of ,with statistically significant difference. 4 articles mentioned that no obvious adverse reactions occurred,4 articles mentioned that the treatment group had drowsiness,dry mouth and bitter mouth,gastrointestinal reactions,but the incidence rates were significantly lower than those of the control group. The other 13 articles did not mention the occurrence of adverse reactions.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and underlying mechanism of koumine (Kou) at different concentrations (0, 100, 200, 400 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) on the proliferation and apoptosis of colorectal cancer HCT-116 cells. Method:After 24 hours of<italic> in vitro</italic> intervention with HCT-116 cells by Kou, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect its effect on cell proliferation. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle, apoptosis, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) expression. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of forkhead box O3a (FoxO3a). Cells were transfected with small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA). Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression of the FoxO3a target gene. Result:Compared with the conditions in the blank group, Kou treatment reduced the proliferation rate of HCT-116 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01) in a dose-dependent manner, caused cell cycle arrest in the G<sub>0</sub>/G<sub>1</sub> phase, and induced the apoptosis of HCT-116 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), which was positively correlated with the concentration of Kou. FoxO3a siRNA interference reduced the expression of FoxO3a and its downstream target genes cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (p21), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27), and Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death (Bim) (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Kou treatment induced the activation of c-Jun <italic>N</italic>-terminal kinase (JNK) in HCT116 cells. SP600125 (JNK specific inhibitor) treatment inhibited the Kou-induced FoxO3a activation and the expression of its downstream target genes. <italic>N</italic>-acetyl cysteine (NAC) treatment reduced Kou-induced ROS levels (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and JNK signal activation. The above results were significantly different from those in the blank group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Kou can effectively inhibit the proliferation of HCT-116 cells and promote apoptosis, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of the ROS/JNK/FoxO3a pathway.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921895

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy between anatomical locking plate (ALP) and ordinary steel plate (OSP) in treating closed calcaneal fractures with SandersⅡ and Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From May 2016 to May 2018, 68 patients with closed Sanders typeⅡ and Ⅲ calcaneal fractures were retrospectively analyzed, and were divided into anatomical locking plate group (ALP group) and ordinary steel plate group (OSP group) according to two kinds of plate fixation, and 34 patients in each group. In ALP group, there were 21 males and 13 females aged from 20 to 63 years old with average of (35.16±8.45) years old; 14 patients were typeⅡand 20 patients were type Ⅲaccording to Sanders classification;treated with ALP. In OSP group, there were 20 males and 14 females aged from 19 to 63 years old with average of (35.05±8.39) years old;19 patients were typeⅡand 15 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification;treated with OSP. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss and complications between two groups were observed and compared;preoperative and postoperative Böhler angle and gissane angle were also compared;American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hind foot scores, foot and ankle disability index (FADI) scores were applied to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 11 to 14 months with an average of (12.06±0.81) months. There were no statistical differences in opertive time, intraoperative blood loss, incision infection and refracture rate in complications between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with OSP, ALP in treating SandersⅡ and Ⅲ calcaneal fractures could achieve better therapeutic effect, avoid screw loosening, reduce complications, and improve limb function in further.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ankle Joint , Calcaneus/surgery , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Steel , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1803-1811, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887602

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute heart failure (AHF) is the most common disease in emergency departments (EDs). However, clinical data exploring the outcomes of patients presenting AHF in EDs are limited, especially the long-term outcomes. The purposes of this study were to describe the long-term outcomes of patients with AHF in the EDs and further analyze their prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#This prospective, multicenter, cohort study consecutively enrolled 3335 patients with AHF who were admitted to EDs of 14 hospitals from Beijing between January 1, 2011 and September 23, 2012. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis were adopted to evaluate 5-year outcomes and associated predictors.@*RESULTS@#The 5-year mortality and cardiovascular death rates were 55.4% and 49.6%, respectively. The median overall survival was 34 months. Independent predictors of 5-year mortality were patient age (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.027, 95 confidence interval [CI]: 1.023-1.030), body mass index (BMI) (HR: 0.971, 95% CI: 0.958-0.983), fatigue (HR: 1.127, 95% CI: 1.009-1.258), ascites (HR: 1.190, 95% CI: 1.057-1.340), hepatic jugular reflux (HR: 1.339, 95% CI: 1.140-1.572), New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III to IV (HR: 1.511, 95% CI: 1.291-1.769), heart rate (HR: 1.003, 95% CI: 1.001-1.005), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (HR: 0.996, 95% CI: 0.993-0.999), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (HR: 1.014, 95% CI: 1.008-1.020), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)/N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level in the third (HR: 1.426, 95% CI: 1.220-1.668) or fourth quartile (HR: 1.437, 95% CI: 1.223-1.690), serum sodium (HR: 0.980, 95% CI: 0.972-0.988), serum albumin (HR: 0.981, 95% CI: 0.971-0.992), ischemic heart diseases (HR: 1.195, 95% CI: 1.073-1.331), primary cardiomyopathy (HR: 1.382, 95% CI: 1.183-1.614), diabetes (HR: 1.118, 95% CI: 1.010-1.237), stroke (HR: 1.252, 95% CI: 1.121-1.397), and the use of diuretics (HR: 0.714, 95% CI: 0.626-0.814), β-blockers (HR: 0.673, 95% CI: 0.588-0.769), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) (HR: 0.714, 95% CI: 0.604-0.845), angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARBs) (HR: 0.790, 95% CI: 0.646-0.965), spironolactone (HR: 0.814, 95% CI: 0.663-0.999), calcium antagonists (HR: 0.624, 95% CI: 0.531-0.733), nitrates (HR: 0.715, 95% CI: 0.631-0.811), and digoxin (HR: 0.579, 95% CI: 0.465-0.721).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results of our study demonstrate poor 5-year outcomes of patients presenting to EDs with AHF. Age, BMI, fatigue, ascites, hepatic jugular reflux, NYHA class III to IV, heart rate, DBP, BUN, BNP/NT-proBNP level in the third or fourth quartile, serum sodium, serum albumin, ischemic heart diseases, primary cardiomyopathy, diabetes, stroke, and the use of diuretics, β-blockers, ACEIs, ARBs, spironolactone, calcium antagonists, nitrates, and digoxin were independently associated with 5-year all-cause mortality.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Beijing/epidemiology , Biomarkers , Cohort Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure/mortality , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Prospective Studies
16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 39-42,47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investivate the relationship of serum estradiol and oxidative stress with microcirculation resistance in women with syndrome X.Methods:A total of 120 patients with syndrome X who were hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology in Guangzhou First People's Hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 were enrolled. All patients underwent coronary angiography and pressure wire examination and were divided into two groups according to the index of microcirculation resistance (IMR). Forty healthy people in the medical examination center were used as controls in the same period. The level of serum estradiol, interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), superoxide dismutase (SOD) were measured among three groups.Results:The rate of diabetes mellitus in high IMR group was higher than that in control group and low IMR group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between low IMR group and control group ( P>0.05). The levels of serum estradiol and SOD were significantly lower in high IMR group than those in low IMR group and control group. The levels of IL-1 and TNF-α were significantly higher in high IMR group than those in low IMR group and control group ( P<0.05). These indexes have the same relationship between low-IMR group and control group ( P<0.05). The level of serum estradiol was negatively correlated with the levels of IL-1 and TNF-α in high and low IMR groups and positively correlated with the level of SOD in these groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes, low serum estradiol level, low SOD level, high IL-1 level, high TNF-α level were the independent risk factors for microcirculation resistance in women with syndrome X ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The decreased serum estradiol is an important factor for coronary microcirculation disorders in women with syndrome X. The decrease of serum estradiol level leads to the loss of the corresponding antagonistic effect in oxidative stress state, which may be one of the important mechanisms of the formation and progress of coronary microcirculation disorder.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883565

ABSTRACT

Objective:At present, the postgraduate education of emergency medicine in China mainly relies on the internal medicine system and lacks specialty pertinence. The purpose of this study is to establish a compulsory curriculum system for professional postgraduates of emergency medicine.Methods:Modified Delphi method was used to subscribe questionnaires to experts, and the contents were mainly about medical education management and research of emergency in the affiliated teaching hospitals of Peking University. Microsoft Excel 2016 was used for double entry of questionnaire contents, and SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistics.Results:The panel was consisted of 14 experts in total and two rounds of Delphi questionnaires were completed. The response rate of the two rounds were both 100%. The authority coefficient of experts was > 0.9 and the average score of each evaluation index was 4.07-5.00 points. The coefficient of variation of each index was 0-0.22 and the Kendall coefficient of concordance was 0.07-0.10.Conclusion:As a result, a comprehensive emergency professional postgraduate curriculum system has been established.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences between emergency healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), to analyze whether HCAP is a relatively independent type pneumonia in the emergency department in China.Methods:Clinical data of HCAP and CAP patients admitted to the emergency department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University and Huilongguan Hospital from September 2018 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. General information of the patients, types of basic diseases, laboratory examination within 24 h of admission, etiological examination results, empirical anti-infection treatment plan, mechanical ventilation and clinical outcome were collected. The pneumonia severity index (PSI) was used to assess the pneumonia severity. The measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation for t test, and the counting data were performed by χ 2 test. A P<0.05 indicated statistical difference. Results:One hundred and five HCAP patients and 105 CAP patients were collected. The number of HCAP combined with two or more basic diseases was higher than that of the CAP group. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in white blood cell count, mean hemoglobin and blood lactic acid level.The PSI score of the HCAP group was higher than that of the CAP group (134.0±26.3 vs 113.0±16.34). The PSI score grade IV of the HCAP group was lower than that of the CAP group, while the PSI score grade V of the HCAP group was higher than that of the CAP group, with statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). In the HCAP group, 73 strains (69.52%) and 55 strains (52.38%) of multi-drug resistant strains were isolated. Acinetobacter baumannii and Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli in the HCAP group were more than those in the CAP group. The drug resistance rate of pseudomonas aeruginosa to imipenem in the HCAP group was higher than that in the CAP group (22.2% vs 10.0%); the drug resistance rate of Acinetobacter baumannii to cefoperazone/sulbactam was lower than that in the CAP group (27.3% vs 54.5%); the drug resistance rate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Meropenem was lower than that in the CAP group (45.5% vs 72.7%). The proportion of carbapenems in the initial empirical anti-infection treatment in the HCAP group was higher than that in the CAP group (21.00% vs 10.48%), and the difference was statistically significant. The ratio of invasive mechanical ventilation and the fatality rate in the HCAP group were higher than those in the CAP group (21.00% vs 7.62%, 21.00% vs 8.57%; both P<0.05). Conclusions:HCAP patients in emergency department are complicated with a variety of basic diseases, high drug resistance rate of pathogenic bacteria, and more advanced drugs are required for initial empirical anti-infection treatment, high proportion of mechanical ventilation, and high fatality rate. HCAP is a relatively independent category of pneumonia in emergency in China.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882437

ABSTRACT

Liver cirrhosis in China can be caused by many causes of which the most important one is chronic viral hepatitis. Hemorrhage and ascites were the main manifestations of decompensated liver cirrhosis, and the main cause of hemorrhage is viral hepatitis. The pathological basis of hemorrhage is portal hypertension and its secondary pathophysiological changes. Additionally, the deficiency of coagulation factors and the imbalance of coagulation and fibrinolysis both of which caused by the hypofunction of liver are also important reasons. This article reviews the mechanism of hemorrhage in decompensated liver cirrhosis in order to provide help for further research.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878698

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of energy spectrum CT between small cell lung cancer(SCLC)with mediastinal lymph node metastasis and mediastinal sarcoidosis.Methods Twenty-five SCLC patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis(SCLC group)and 26 patients with mediastinal sarcoidosis(sarcoidosis group)confirmed by bronchoscopy and biopsy in Tangshan People's Hospital from January 2018 to June 2019 were selected as the research objects.The CT value,iodine concentration,water concentration and energy spectrum curve slope under different single energy levels were compared between SCLC group and sarcoidosis group.Results The single-energy CT values of 40-80 keV segments in the arterial phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those in the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The single-energy CT values of 40-90 keV segments in venous phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those of the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The concentrations of iodine in the arterial phase and venous phase of the SCLC group were(11.56±4.06)μg/cm


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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