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1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 104-112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015244

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the body characteristics of adults from the Tibeto-Burman language group. Methods Totally 14 837 adults (6578 males and 8259 females) from 17 minorities were selected for investigation during 2015 to 2019 and these surveys were carried out in regions including Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan and Tibet Autonomous Region. Eight physical parameters (stature, sitting height, etc.) along with 4 corresponding indexes (stature-sitting index and the like) were carefully analyzed. The body characteristics of the Tibeto-Burman language group were then compared to those of certain minorities as well as Han in both northern and southern part of China based on our collected data. Results Among 17 minorities of the Tibeto-Burman language group, people from Pumi and Tibet were relatively tall and have longer trunk and limbs. The presence of wider trunk and thicker limbs appeared to be common in Tibetan individuals. Subjects from Lahu, Jino and Derung were in possession of shorter stature and limbs while the trunk of Naxi, Lisu and Achang people seemed wider. Compared with other ethnic groups in China, individuals from the Tibeto-Burman language group tended to own shorter stature accompanied by medium trunk width, probably sharing similar physical characteristics with those minorities in southern China, especially She and Li. Conclusion Among ethnic groups dotting in southern China, individuals from the Tibeto-Burman language group generally have medium stature, medium trunk height, and wide trunk whereas those from 3 Mon-Khmer groups, Va, Khmus and Blang, are shorter and smaller in width and height of the trunk.

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 730-737, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015168

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the nutritional level, obesity status and the prevalence of frypertension in Blang, Deang and Va ethnic groups in Yunnan, to explore the relationship among nutritional physical index, obesity indicators and blood pressure, and use the cutoff value of related indicators to warn frypertension. Methods This paper was based on a statistical analysis of the 7 nutritional pfrysical indexes, 5 types of obesity status and frypertension status of 766 Blang, 570 Deang and 565 Va. Results We found that the nutritional pfrysique index of man)' items (4 items for men and 4 items for women) of Blang was significantly higher than that of Deang and Va (P Blang > Deang and the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). Conclusion Pelidisi' s index, WHR, and PBF all have good early warning effects on frypertension in all three ethnic groups.

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 638-640, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011423

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the implementation of Survey of oncomelanid snails (WS/T 563—2017) in schistosomiasis-endemic foci, two schistosomiasis-endemic counties were selected from two provinces of Sichuan and Anhui. Professional staff working in province-, city-, county- and township-level disease control and prevention institutions, parasitic disease control institutions or medical institutions were recruited, and the understanding, use and implementation of Survey of oncomelanid snails (WS/T 563—2017) were investigated using questionnaires and interviews. The awareness, use, proportion of propagation and implementation and correct rate of answering questions pertaining to Survey of oncomelanid snails (WS/T 563—2017) were analyzed. A total of 270 questionnaires were allocated, and 269 were recovered, including 254 valid questionnaires. The overall awareness of Survey of oncomelanid snails (WS/T 563—2017) was 84.64% (215/254), and propagation and implementation of Survey of oncomelanid snails (WS/T 563—2017) was not performed in 23.28% (17/73) of the survey institutions following implementation of Survey of oncomelanid snails (WS/T 563—2017), with meeting training and allocation of propagation materials as the main type of propagation and implementation. Among 254 respondents, 77.16% (196/254) were familiar with the standard, 66.14% (168/254) understood the conditions for use of the standard during snail surveys, and 96.85% (246/254) had the approach for identifying snails. In addition, there were 41.73% (106/254), 50.78% (129/254) and 7.48% (19/254) of respondents that considered the operability of Survey of oncomelanid snails (WS/T 563—2017) was very good, good and general, respectively. The findings demonstrate that the issue and implementation of Survey of oncomelanid snails (WS/T 563—2017) has filled the gap for the standardization of snail control techniques, and which plays an importang guiding role in the national schistosomiasis control program.

4.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 431-447, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Abnormal type I collagen (COL1) expression is associated with the development of many cardiovascular diseases. The TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathway and circRNAs have been shown to regulate COL1 gene expression, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still not fully understood.@*METHODS@#Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were prformed to study the effect of circZBTB46 on the expression of alpha 2 chain of type I collagen (COL1A2). Co-immunoprecipitation assay was performed to observe the interaction between two proteins. RNA immunoprecipitation assay and biotin pull-down assay were performed to observe the interaction of circZBTB46 with PDLIM5.@*RESULTS@#In this study, we investigated the role of circZBTB46 in regulating COL1A2 expression in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We found that circZBTB46 is expressed in VSMCs and that TGF-beta inhibits circZBTB46 formation by downregulating KLF4 expression through activation of the Smad signaling pathway. CircZBTB46 inhibits the expression of COL1A2 induced by TGF-beta. Mechanistically, circZBTB46 mediates the interaction between Smad2 and PDLIM5, resulting in the inhibition of Smad signaling and the subsequent downregulation of COL1A2 expression. Furthermore, we found that the expression of TGF-beta and COL1A2 is decreased, while circZBTB46 expression is increased in human abdominal aortic aneurysm tissues, indicating that circZBTB46-mediated regulation of TGF-beta/Smad signaling and COL1A2 synthesis in VSMCs plays a crucial role in vascular homeostasis and aneurysm development.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CircZBTB46 was identified as a novel inhibitor of COL1 synthesis in VSMCs, highlighting the importance of circZBTB46 and PDLIM5 in regulating TGF-beta/Smad signaling and COL1A2 expression.

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 98-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965536

ABSTRACT

Rapid, sensitive and specific detection tools are critical for the prevention and control of infectious diseases. The in vitro nucleic acid amplification assays, including polymerase chain reaction and isothermal amplification technology, have been widely used for the detection of pathogens. Recently, nucleic acid detection-based on clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas) have been developed, which are rapid, highly sensitive, highly specific, and portable. This review describes the classification and principle of CRISPR/Cas systems and their applications in pathogen detection, and discusses the prospects of CRISPR/Cas systems.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 665-671, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996479

ABSTRACT

@#The increasing number of pulmonary nodules being detected by computed tomography scans significantly increase the workload of the radiologists for scan interpretation. Limitations of traditional methods for differential diagnosis of pulmonary nodules have been increasingly prominent. Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to increase the efficiency of discrimination and invasiveness classification for pulmonary nodules and lead to effective nodule management. Chinese Experts Consensus on Artificial Intelligence Assisted Management for Pulmonary Nodule (2022 Version) has been officially released recently. This article closely follows the context, significance, core implications, and the impact of future AI-assisted management on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary nodules. It is hoped that through our joint efforts, we can promote the standardization of management for pulmonary nodules and strive to improve the long-term survival and postoperative life quality of patients with lung cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 947-951, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the influencing factors of teachers' teaching input status on teaching effect satisfaction in medical colleges.Methods:A total of 782 teachers of basic medicine and clinical medicine in a local medical college in Hebei Province were selected by multi-stage stratified random sampling method. The (mean ± standard deviation) was used to describe the status quo of teachers' teaching input, and the t- or F-test was used for inter-group comparison. The influence of teaching input on teaching satisfaction was analyzed by multiple linear regression. Results:The teaching input of medical college teachers was affected by different demographic characteristics, among which the teaching time input was affected by gender, age, professional title, teaching age, educational background and category (all P<0.05), the emotional input was affected by age,professional title,teaching age,educational background and category (all P<0.05), and the teaching ability development input was affected by age, professional title, teaching age and category (all P<0.05). There was a correlation between the population characteristics of teachers and the teaching input and the satisfaction of teaching effect, and the teaching age of teachers is negatively correlated with the satisfaction of teaching effect ( β=-0.057, P<0.05). There were positive correlations between teaching satisfaction and teaching effect (all P<0.05), including the number of lesson preparation hours, the number of weekly teaching hours, the degree of teaching attention, the degree of medical teaching research balance, the learning and expansion of teaching skills, and the difference of teaching observation reflecting teaching input. The teaching input of basic medicine teachers was significantly higher than that of clinical teachers (all P<0.05). Conclusion:It is suggested that medical colleges and clinical teaching bases should pay attention to the construction of teacher echelon, optimization of policies and measures to balance the relationship between medical education and research, construction of the support system of teachers' teaching work input to improve teachers' professional efficacy, and the building of a professional development community of teachers integrating basic medical teachers and clinical teachers to improve the training quality of medical students.

8.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 649-656, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015278

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of bod)' circumference of Tibetan-Burman adults. Methods Using a human bod)' altimeter and a measuring tape, the height and 9 circumference indicators of 14 722 adults from 17 Tibetan-Bunnan ethnic groups in Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hubei, Hu ' nan and Tibet Autonomous Region were measured from 2015 to 2019, 5 circumference indexes were calculated, and the data were statistically analyzed. Results The higher the longitude, the larger the head circumference, thigh circumference, biceps circumference and foreann circumference of Tibetan-Bunnan adults and the female maximum biceps circumference, and the smaller the trunk circumferences and male calf circumference; The higher the latitude, the larger the circumferences (except for female thigh circumference); The higher the altitude, the larger the circumferences; The higher the temperature, the smaller the circumferences. Conclusion Among the 17 ethnic groups of Tibeto-Burman, the Tibetan has a larger circumference, while the Gongshan Nu, Lahu, and Drung have relatively small and close circumferences. With age, the chest and waist circumferences of Tibetan-Bunnan adults increase, and the circumference of the limbs decreases.

9.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 793-801, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015276

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the law of changes in the appearance of Chinese Mongolians with age. Methods Totally 24 human indexes of head and face from 4410 cases (1916 males and 2494 females) and 13 Mongolian ethnic groups were measured, and 12 craniofacial indexes were calculated. Correlation analysis was used to study the changes of craniofacial indexes and indexes with age. The method of analysis of variance was used to study whether the differences between the index values and index values of the three age groups were statistically significant. Results With the increase of age, the distance between the two mandibular angles became wider, the mouth widened, the width, height and length of the nose increased, the skin of the upper lip increased, the length and width of the ear increased, the width of the head, forehead, face, mastoid and tragus narrowed, the width of the eyes narrowed, the upper and lower lips thinned, the circumference of the head and the height of the head decreased, and the length of the head did not change significantly. With the increase of age, the Mongolian face becomes narrower and longer, the proportion of the height of the face in the whole head high school increases, the nose becomes wider, and the head appears to be relatively longer, lower and wider. The distance between the left and right frontotemporal points is relatively closer, the mouth cleft appears more slender, and the ratio of length to width of the ear does not change much. Conclusion With the increase of age, the facial features of Mongolian have changed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 32-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the incidence and treatment of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in Hubei Province. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 7 474 patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in 62 hospitals in 15 cities (state) of Hubei Province in 2019 were collected in the form of network database. There were 4 749 males and 2 725 females. The median age of the patients was 62 years (range: 17 to 96 years). The hemoglobin value of the first time in hospital and the first day after operation was used as the criterion of preoperative anemia and postoperative anemia. Anemia was defined as male hemoglobin <120 g/L and female hemoglobin <110.0 g/L, mild anemia as 90 to normal, moderate anemia as 60 to <90 g/L, severe anemia as <60 g/L. The t test and χ2 test were used for inter-group comparison. Results: The overall incidence of preoperative anemia was 38.60%(2 885/7 474), and the incidences of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 25.09%(1 875/7 474), 11.37%(850/7 474) and 2.14%(160/7 474), respectively. The overall incidence of postoperative anemia was 61.40%(4 589/7 474). The incidence of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 48.73%(3 642/7 474), 12.20%(912/7 474) and 0.47%(35/7 474), respectively. The proportion of preoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 26.86% (775/2 885), and the proportion of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 14.93% (685/4 589). The proportions of preoperative anemia patients in grade ⅢA, grade ⅢB, and grade ⅡA hospitals receiving treatment were 26.12% (649/2 485), 32.32% (85/263), and 29.93% (41/137), and the proportions of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment were 14.61% (592/4 052), 22.05% (73/331), and 9.71% (20/206). The proportion of intraoperative blood transfusion (16.74% (483/2 885) vs. 3.05% (140/4 589), χ²=434.555, P<0.01) and the incidence of postoperative complications (17.78% (513/2 885) vs. 14.08% (646/4 589), χ²=18.553, P<0.01) in the preoperative anemia group were higher than those in the non-anemia group, and the postoperative hospital stay in the preoperative anemia group was longer than that in the non-anemia group ((14.1±7.3) days vs. (13.3±6.2) days, t=5.202, P<0.01). Conclusions: The incidence of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms is high. Preoperative anemia can increase the demand for intraoperative blood transfusion and affect the short-term prognosis of patients. At present, the concept of standardized treatment of perioperative anemia among gastrointestinal surgeons in Hubei Province needs to be improved.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia/epidemiology , Blood Transfusion , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 452-455, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958809

ABSTRACT

Venous thromboembolism(VTE)is a high mortality disease involving multiple factors, and public hospitals assume the main responsibility for the diagnosis and treatment of VTE. Based on the concept of taking patients as the center, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital improved the system design and digital level, and carried out digital practices such as patient timeline management, high-risk patient management, VTE special disease bank, and auxiliary decision-making system. The hospital evaluation rate and prevention rate continued to increase, the follow-up effect was good, and the workload of medical staff was reduced and satisfaction rate was improved.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 5-11, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the adverse reactions and postoperative inflammatory reactions of Bill-Roth Ⅱ (BⅡ) gastroenterostomy with jejunal anastomosis and jejunal nutrient tube placement using linear cutting and closing device in gastric cancer surgery.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted on 93 patients undergoing gastric cancer surgery in The Affiliated Hospital of North China University of Science and Technology from February 2017 to April 2020. According to 2016 (American Joint Committee on Cancer/Universal Integrated Circuit Card) AJCC/UICC, (Tumor, Node, stage; Tumor lymph node metastasis; Distant metastasis) TNM, there were 11 cases in stage ⅠA, 14 cases in stage ⅠB, 13 cases in stage ⅡA, 15 cases in stage ⅡB, 11 cases in stage ⅢA, 13 cases in stage ⅢB, and 16 cases in stage ⅢC. There were 51 cases of gastric antrum carcinoma, 26 cases of gastric body carcinoma and 16 cases of gastric pylorus carcinoma. There were 27 cases of papillary adenocarcinoma, 26 cases of tubular adenocarcinoma, 22 cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma, 9 cases of signet-ring cell carcinoma, 7 cases of adenosquamous carcinoma, and 2 cases of squamous carcinoma. The patients were divided into experimental group (48 cases) and control group (45 cases) according to whether or not the linear cutting and closing device was added and jejunal anastomosis was performed and jejunal nutrition tube was placed. The gender composition, age, lesion site, pathological type, pathological stage, postoperative hospital stay and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups, and the white blood cell count WBC, C-reactive protein CRP on the 7th day after surgery, erythrocyte Sedimentation rate (ESR), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) inflammation indicators were compared between the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in gender composition, age, lesion location, pathological type and pathological stage between the two groups (all P>0.05). The incidence of abdominal pain, abdominal distension, nausea, vomiting and pleural effusion in 93 patients were 18.3%(17/93), 21.5%(20/93), 23.7%(22/93), 17.2%(16/93) and 18.3%(17/93), respectively. The complication rates of the above indexes in the two groups were 10.4% (5/48) Compared with 26.7% (12/45), 12.5% (6/48) and 31.1% (14/45), 15.6%(7/48) and 33.3% (15/45), 8.3%(4/48) and 26.7% (12/45), 8.3% (4/48) and 28.9% (13/45) (χ 2 values were 4.11, 4.77, 4.52, 4.27 and 5.27, respectively; P values were 0.043, 0.029, 0.033, 0.039 and 0.022, respectively). There was no significant difference in lower extremity venous thrombosis, anastomotic bleeding, accumulated pneumonia and incision dehiscence between the two groups ( P>0.05). WBC on the 7th day after operation in the experimental group and the control group (7.02±1.83)×10 9/L and (8.39±2.27)×10 9/L ( t=3.22, P=0.002), TNF-α (2.44±0.70) μg/L and (3.56±1.14) μg/L ( t=5.71, P<0.001), IL-6 (235.31±41.72) μg/L and (365.91±73.16) μg/L ( t=10.66, P<0.001) there was significant difference between the two groups. There was no significant difference in CRP and ESR between the two groups on the 7th day after operation ( P>0.05). The postoperative hospital stay between the experimental group and the control group was (13.88±2.81) d and (22.78±2.51) d, the difference was statistically significant ( t=16.07, P<0.001). Conclusion:The application of side-to-side jejunostomy combined with jejunal nutrition tube for enteral nutrition in gastric cancer surgery can reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions such as postoperative abdominal pain, abdominal distension, accumulated pneumonia, nausea, vomiting and pleural effusion, reduce the postoperative hospital stay and reduce the postoperative inflammatory reaction to a certain extent.

13.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 635-642, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015427

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the relationship between lipid distribution and age in Zhuang-Dong ethnic group in China. Methods By bioelectrical impedance analysis method of Zhuang-Dong 13 ethnic body composition in China, u inspection method, for the inspection of body composition differences between the sexes, the indicators by adopting the method of correlation analysis on body composition and age related analysis, variance analysis method was used to explore three body composition differences between age groups. Results The body fat rate was not high and did not reach the obesity level. Half of the men and more than half of the women had fat rates in the standard range. The body fat rate of Dong nationality and Bouyei nationality was higher, but that of Kelao nationality and Kelao nationality was lower. With age, there was no significant change in the upper limb fat rate of males, while the visceral fat rate and trunk fat rate increased, and the lower limb fat rate decreased. There was little change in the total fat rate and the lower limb fat rate. With age, there was no significant change in body mass index (BMI), total fat percentage, trunk fat percentage, and limb fat percentage. Women had a significantly higher percentage of body fat than men. There was no significant correlation between left and right upper limb fat rate and age in males, body fat rate, visceral fat level and trunk fat rate were significantly positively correlated with age, and left and right lower limb fat rate and age were significantly negatively correlated. The left upper limb fat rate, left and right lower limb fat rate were negatively correlated with age, and the trunk fat rate was positively correlated with age. There was no significant correlation between age and total female lipid. Conclusion The body fat of Zhuang-Dong ethnic group in China is much thinner than that of north Asian ethnic group, and it has the characteristic of sebum development level of southern Chinese ethnic group.

14.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 986-991, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015380

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the feasibility of neck circumference on the prediction of obesity by analyzing the relationship between the neck circumference and the obesity, and to provide the reference for the early prevention of obesity and related diseases. Methods A total of 1859 adults (911 males and 948 females) were selected from the four ethnic groups of Lingao, Li, Qiang and Baima as the subject of the study. The correlation between the neck circumference and body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, visceral fat index, waist circumference, waist hip ratio and body adiposity index were analyzed by correlation analysis, u test and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and Kappa consistency test. Results Neck circumference has significant positive correlations with several other obesity indicators. It has the least correlation with body adiposity index and waist hip ratio, and has greater correlation with waist circumference, visceral fat index, and percent body fat, and has the largest correlation with BMI. The average values of the neck circumference of the obesity group judged by different obesity indicators are larger than the normal group, and the difference is statistically significant. ROC curve analysis and Kappa consistency test show that the area under curve (AUC) of neck circumference and various obesity indicators are greater than 0.7, and the consistency of neck circumference, BMI and waist circumference is the best when judging obesity. Conclusion If the value of male neck circumference is greater than the critical cut point value 364.5, the female neck circumference value is greater than 319.5, which can be predicted that the BMI value is overweight or obese. When the neck circumference of male is greater than 370.5 and the neck circumference of female is greater than 319.5, it can be predicted that the waist circumference exceeds the standard, and the risk of central obesity increases.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 514-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912791

ABSTRACT

The construction of safe hospital is the foundation of high-quality development of the hospital, and innovation provides power for the construction of safe hospital from the perspective of high-quality development. Taking Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital as an example, the authors introduced the innovation construction path of safe hospital in detail, and put forward the construction strategy of safe hospital with " two hearts" (patient-centered, employee-centered)and " four wings" (multimedia doctor-patient communication, Wulin aunt medical studio, integrated operation safety inspection, third-party medical liability insurance). Through the combination of basic safety management and innovative practice, the hospital vigorously promoted the culture of " two hearts" , and established an efficient collaborative information management system, so as to form replicable and promotable practical experience and promote the development of safe hospital.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 127-129, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912706

ABSTRACT

The existing doctor-patient communication pattern often falls prey to insufficient informed consent and even medical disputes. In the patient centered perspective, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital explored a new communication mode centering on patients. Based on diagnosis-related groups catalogues and high-frequency surgeries catalogues of the departments, multimedia technology was called into play to produce dubbed PPTs and videos that were easy to understand, standardized and homogeneous, which were embedded into medical records system. Following observation of the PPT or video, patients could directly sign an informed consent on the computer. This practice not only deepens patient′s understanding and achieves homogeneous level of the communication, but also elevates doctor′s work efficiency, contributing to building a harmonious doctor-patient relationship.

17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 495-500, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888442

ABSTRACT

Studies have explored the assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes of Y-chromosome azoospermia factor c (AZFc) microdeletions, but the effect of sperm source on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) remains unknown. To determine the ART results of ICSI using testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm from males with AZFc microdeletions, we searched Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis. The first meta-analysis results for 106 cycles in five studies showed no significant differences in the live birth rate between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 0.97, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-1.28, P = 0.82). The second meta-analysis of 106 cycles in five studies showed no difference in the abortion rate between the testicular sperm group and ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.54-2.06, P = 0.87). The third meta-analysis of 386 cycles in seven studies showed no significant difference in clinical pregnancy rates between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.24, 95% CI: 0.66-2.34, P = 0.50). Inevitable heterogeneity weakened our results. However, our results indicated that testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm yield similar ART outcomes, representing a meaningful result for clinical treatment. More properly designed studies are needed to further confirm our conclusions.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 725-730, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of methyltransferase EZH2 expression level on the clinical efficacy and long-term prognosis of patients with primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL).@*METHODS@#161 patients with newly treated PGI-DLBCL in our hospital from August 2013 to July 2019 were selected. The expression level of EZH2 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the short-term efficacy and long-term survival differences of patients with different levels of EZH2 were compared. The predictive values of EZH2 expression level on the short-term efficacy and long-term prognosis of PGI-DLBCL patients were analyzed by Log-rank test and COX risk proportional regression model. Chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors of EZH2 expression level.@*RESULTS@#The complete response (CR) and overal response(OR) rates of those with high EZH2 expression were significantly lower than those with low EZH2 expression (P<0.001). The median OS and PFS of EZH2 high-level and low-level expression group was 37, 31 months and 49, 42 months, respectively. The cumulative OS and PFS rates of the high-level expression group were significantly lower than those of the low-level expression group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The high expression levels of H3K27me3, EZH2, BCL-2, BCL-6, c-MYC were closely related to the shortening of OS and PFS, while the high expression level of Ki-67 was closely related to the shortening of OS (P<0.05), of which the high expression levels of H3K27me3, EZH2, BCL-2, and BCL-6 were independent risk factors for shortening of OS and PFS. The expression level of EZH2 was positively correlated with the expression level of H3K27me3, BCL-6, c-MYC and Ki-67 (r=0.741, r=0.837, r=0.809, r=0.772), and the high expression levels of H3K27me3, BCL-6 and Ki-67 were independent factors influencing the high expression of EZH2.@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with PGI-DLBCL, the high expression of EZH2 significantly reduces the short-term CR and OR rates, which is an independent risk factor for the shortening of long-term OS and PFS rates, and it is independently related to the high expression of H3K27me3 and BCL6.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 650-654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the accuracy of 3.0 T MR in the diagnosis of full thickness tear and partial thickness tear of the supraspinatus-infraspinatus tendon, and to analyze the causes of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of the supraspinatus-infraspinatus tendon tear.Methods:The MRI diagnosis report and arthroscopic surgery records of 210 patients with shoulder joint injuries in Peking University Third Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Taking the results of arthroscopic surgery as the gold standard, the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive values of 3.0 T MR for full thickness tear and partial thickness tear of the supraspinatus-infraspinatus tendon were calculated, and the reasons of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis were analyzed.Results:In 210 patients with rotator cuff injury, the diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of MRI for full thickness tear of the supraspinatus-infraspinatus tendon were 81.4% (171/210), 83.1% (98/118), 79.3% (73/92), 83.7% (98/117) and 78.4% (73/93) respectively. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of MRI for partial tears of the supraspinatus-infraspinatus tendons were 77.6% (163/210), 65.7% (44/67), 83.2% (119/143), 64.7% (44/68) and 83.8% (119/142) respectively. Among the 44 cases of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of the supraspinatus-infraspinatus tendon tear, 21 cases (47.7%) occurred in the junction supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendon-osseous (stop). Among the 7 cases of intra-tendon tear of supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscle, 6 cases were misdiagnosed cases, which was the most easily missed diagnosed type of partial tear. The reason for missed diagnosis was that the signal of partial tear was not high (no fluid signal was shown on T 2WI). Complex laceration was also a type of missed diagnosis in partial tears. Among the 4 cases of superior and inferior surface tendons combined with intra-tendon lacerations, 3 cases were missed diagnosed. Conclusion:3.0 T MR has higher accuracy for the diagnosis of full thickness tear and partial thickness tear of supraspinatus-infraspinatus tendon, but there is still a certain rate of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. A full understanding of the causes of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis of MR in the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons is helpful to further improve the accuracy of MR in the diagnosis of supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendon injuries of shoulder joint.

20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 301-304, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882037

ABSTRACT

The invalid patents associated with schistosomiasis control were retrieved in the Chinese Patent Database of China National Intellectual Property Administration, the Baiten database and the incoPat database, and the overall trends, legal status, types, patent indexing and technical fields of all retrieved invalid patents were analyzed. As of December 30, 2020, there were totally 859 patents relating to schistosomiasis control, and 512 were invalid patents, with an invalid rate of 59.6%. The number of patent applications and invalid patents peaked in 2018, including 71 patent applications and 53 invalid patents. Among the 511 schistosomiasis control-related invalid patents with complete records, there were 425 invention patents, 81 utility model patents and 5 design patents, and 219 patents (42.9%) were invalid due to the termination of the patented right and 292 (57.1%) due to loss of the right for patent applications. The major technical points included medicines (chemicals), basic research, devices and detections, and the specialized fields were mainly concentrated in A61P33, G01N33, C12N15, C07K14 and A01N65. Our data demonstrate a high invalid rate of patents relating to schistosomiasis control in China. Secondary development and mining of the invalid patents in relation to schistosomiasis are recommended to make use of their values in the national schistosomiasis elimination program of China.

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