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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical effects of different bone cement diffusion patterns in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.@*METHODS@#One volunteer with L1 osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture was selected, male, aged 68 years old, heighed 172 cm, weighted 60 kg, and healthy before. CT scans were used from T@*RESULTS@#After the establishing the finite element model of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture in the thoracolumbar segment, it was found that the deformation of three different bone cement distribution models above was not significantly different. In L@*CONCLUSION@#The bone cement contact with both upper and lower endplates can effectively absorb and transfer the stress level brought by the load, reduce the stress level of cancellous bone, and reduce the possibility of refracture of the operative vertebral body.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Male , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865035

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a computed tomography (CT)-based radiomics model for predicting tumor recurrence of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after resection, and explore its application value.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 243 patients with early-stage HCC who underwent hepatectomy in 2 medical centers between January 2009 and December 2016 were collected, including 165 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University and 78 in the Wuxi People′s Hospital. There were 182 males and 61 females, aged from 30 to 86 years, with a median age of 57 years. According to the random numbers showed in the computer, 243 patients were randomly assigned into training dataset consisting of 162 patients and test dataset consisting of 81 patients, with a ratio of 2∶1. Using radiomics technique, a total of 3 384 radiomics features were extracted from the tumor and its periphery at arterial-phase and portal-phase images of CT scan. In the training dataset, a radiomics signature was constructed and predicted its performance after dimension reduction of stable features by using aggregated feature selection algorithms [feature ranking via maximal relevance and minimal redundancy (MRMR) combined with random survival forest (RSF) + LASSO-COX regression analysis]. Risk factors for tumor recurrence were selected using the univariate COX regression analysis, and two radiomics models including radiomics 1 (preoperative) and radiomics 2 (postoperative) were constructed and predicted their performance using backward stepwise multivariate COX regression analysis. The two models were validated in the training and test dataset. Observation indicators: (1) follow-up; (2) construction of HCC recurrence-related radiomics signature for early-stage HCC after resection; (3) prediction performance of HCC recurrence-related radiomics signature for early-stage HCC after resection; (4) construction of HCC recurrence-related radiomics prediction model for early-stage HCC after resection; (5) validation of HCC recurrence-related radiomics prediction model for early-stage HCC after resection; (6) comparison of the prediction performance of radiomics model with that of other clinical statistical models and current HCC staging systems; (7) stratification analysis of postoperative recurrence risk based on radiomics models for early-stage HCC after resection. Patients were followed up using outpatient examination or telephone interview once every 3 months within the first 2 years and once every 6 months after 2 years. The follow-up included collection of medical history, laboratory examination, and abdominal ultrasound examination. Contrast-enhanced CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination was performed once every 6 months, and they were performed in advance on patients who had suspected recurrence based on laboratory examination or abdominal ultrasound for further diagnosis. Follow-up was up to January 2019. The endpoint was time to recurrence, which was from the date of surgery to the date of first detected disease recurrence or metastasis. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbesr or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. The survival curve and survival rate were respectively drawn and calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and the survival analysis was performed using the Log-rank test. Serum alpha-fetoprotein level was analyzed after the natural logarithm transformation. X-tile software was used to select the optimal cut-point for continuous markers. Results:(1) Follow-up: all the 243 HCC patients received follow-up. Patients in the training dataset were followed up for 4.2-109.2 months, with a median follow-up time of 51.6 months. Patients in the test dataset were followed up for 12.7-107.6 months, with a median follow-up time of 73.2 months. The 2-, 5-year disease-free survival rates were 77.8% and 53.1% of the training dataset respectively, versus 86.4% and 61.7% of the test dataset. There was no significant difference in terms of disease-free survival between two datasets ( χ2=1.773, P>0.05). (2) Construction of HCC recurrence-related radiomics signature for early-stage HCC after resection: of the 3 384 radiomics features, 2 426 radiomics features with high stability were selected for analysis. There were 37 radiomics features identified after combining the top 20 radiomics features ranked by MRMR and RSF algorithms. LASSO-COX regression algorithm further reduced their dimensionality to retain 7 radiomics features and construct a radiomics signature. The indicators including region, scanning phase, and weighting coefficient of above mentioned seven features were Feature 1 (peritumoral, arterial phase, 0.041), Feature 2 (peritumoral, arterial phase, -0.103), Feature 3 (peritumoral, arterial phase, -0.259), Feature 4 (intratumoral, arterial phase, 0.211), Feature 5 (peritumoral, portal venous phase, -0.170), Feature 6 (intratumoral, portal venous phase, 0.130), and Feature 7 (intratumoral, portal venous phase, 0.090), respectively. Radiomics signature score=0.041×Feature 1-0.103×Feature 2-0.259×Feature 3+ 0.211×Feature 4-0.170×Feature 5+ 0.130×Feature 6+ 0.090×Feature 7. (3) Prediction performance of HCC recurrence-related radiomics signature for early-stage HCC after resection: the radiomics signature showed favorable prediction performance in both training and test datasets, with respective C-index of 0.648 [95% confidence interval ( CI): 0.583-0.713] and 0.669 (95% CI: 0.587-0.750). (4) Construction of HCC recurrence-related radiomics prediction model for early-stage HCC after resection: results of univariate analysis showed that ln(serum alpha-fetoprotein), liver cirrhosis, tumor margin status, arterial peritumoral enhancement, intratumoral necrosis, radiomics signature, satellite nodules, and microvascular invasion were related factors for tumor recurrence after resection of early-stage HCC ( hazard ratio=1.202, 1.776, 1.889, 2.957, 1.713, 4.237, 4.364, 4.258, 95% CI: 1.083-1.333, 1.068-2.953, 1.181-3.024, 1.462-5.981, 1.076-2.728, 2.593-6.923, 2.468-7.717, 2.427-7.468, P<0.05 ). Results of multivariate analysis showed that the radiomics model 1 (preoperative) consisted of ln(serum alpha-fetoprotein), tumor margin status, and radiomics signature ( hazard ratio=1.145, 1.838, 3.525, 95% CI: 1.029-1.273, 1.143-2.955, 2.172-5.720, P<0.05); the radiomics model 2 (postoperative) consisted of ln(serum alpha-fetoprotein), radiomics signature, microvascular invasion, and satellite nodules ( hazard ratio=1.123, 2.386, 3.456, 3.481, 95% CI: 1.005-1.254, 1.501-3.795, 1.863-6.410, 1.891-6.408, P<0.05). Risk prediction formulas: radiomics model 1 = 0.135×ln(serum alpha-fetoprotein)+ 0.608×tumor margin status (0: smooth; 1: non-smooth)+ 1.260×radiomics signature; radiomics model 2 = 0.116×ln(serum alpha-fetoprotein)+ 0.870×radiomics signature + 1.240×microvascular invasion (0: absent; 1: present)+ 1.247×satellite nodules (0: absent; 1: present). (5) Validation of HCC recurrence-related radiomics prediction model for early-stage HCC after resection: in both training and test datasets, radiomics model 1 provided good prediction performance, with respective C-index of 0.716 (95% CI: 0.662-0.770) and 0.724 (95% CI: 0.642-0.806), while radiomics model 2 provided better prediction performance, with respective C-index of 0.765 (95% CI: 0.712-0.818) and 0.741 (95% CI: 0.662-0.820). Calibration curves demonstrated good agreement between model-predicted probabilities and observed outcomes. (6) Comparison of the prediction performance of radiomics model with that of other clinical statistical models and current HCC staging systems: in the training dataset, the prediction performance of radiomics model 1 for tumor recurrence after resection of early-stage HCC was significantly different from that of ERASL model (preoperative), Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) staging, Hong Kong liver cancer (HKLC) staging, and cancer of the liver Italian program (CLIP) classification (C-index=0.562, 0.484, 0.520, 0.622, 95% CI: 0.490-0.634, 0.311-0.658, 0.301-0.740, 0.509-0.736, P<0.05); the prediction performance of radiomics model 2 for tumor recurrence after resection of early-stage HCC was significantly different from that of ERASL model (postoperative), Korean model, and the eighth edition TNM staging (C-index=0.601, 0.523, 0.513, 95% CI: 0.524-0.677, 0.449-0.596, 0.273-0.753, P<0.05). In the test dataset, the prediction performance of radiomics model 1 for tumor recurrence after resection of early-stage HCC was significantly different from that of ERASL model (preoperative), BCLC staging, HKLC staging, CLIP classification (C-index=0.540, 0.473, 0.504, 0.545, 95% CI: 0.442-0.638, 0.252-0.693, 0.252-0.757, 0.361-0.730, P<0.05); the prediction performance of radiomics model 2 for tumor recurrence after resection of early-stage HCC was significantly different from that of ERASL model (postoperative), Korean model, and the eighth edition TNM staging (C-index=0.562, 0.513, 0.521, 95% CI: 0.451-0.672, 0.399-0.626, 0.251-0.791, P<0.05). (7) Stratification analysis of postoperative recurrence risk based on radiomics models for tumor recurrence after resection of early-stage HCC: according to the analysis of X-tile, the score of radiomics model 1 < 1.4 (corresponding to total points < 62.0 in nomogram) was classified into low-risk group while the score of radiomics model 1 ≥ 1.4 (corresponding to total points ≥ 62.0 in nomogram) was classified into high-risk group. The score of radiomics model 2 < 1.7 (corresponding to total points < 88.0 in nomogram) was classified into low-risk group while the score of radiomics model 2 ≥ 1.7 (corresponding to total points ≥ 88.0 in nomogram) was classified into high-risk group. In the training dataset, the 2- and 5-year recurrence rates were 14.1%, 35.3% for low-risk patients and 63.0%, 100.0% for high-risk patients, which were predicted by radiomics model 1. There were significant differences between the two groups ( χ2= 70.381, P<0.05). The 2- and 5-year recurrence rates were 12.9%, 38.2% for low-risk patients and 81.8%, 100.0% for high-risk patients, which were predicted by radiomics model 2. There were significant differences between the two groups ( χ2= 98.613, P<0.05). In the test dataset, the 2- and 5-year recurrence rates were 5.6%, 29.3% for low-risk patients and 70.0%, 100.0% for high-risk patients, which were predicted by radiomics model 1. There were significant differences between the two groups ( χ2= 64.453, P<0.05). Ther 2- and 5-year recurrence rates were 5.7%, 28.1% for low-risk patients and 63.6%, 100.0% for high-risk patients, which were predicted by radiomics model 2. There were significant differences between the two groups ( χ2= 58.032, P<0.05). Conclusions:The 7-feature-based radiomics signature is built by selection of CT radiomics features in this study, and then HCC recurrence-related radiomics prediction model for early-stage HCC after resection is constructed. The proposed radiomics models can complement the existing clinical-radiological-pathological prognostic sources, accurately and individually predict tumor recurrence risk preoperatively and postoperatively, which facilitate clinical decision-support for patients with early-stage HCC.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817703

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To evaluate the protective effect of Scutellarin(SCU)on type II diabetes-induced disorder of testes and show the mechanism of Scutellarin′s action.【Method】We divided 24 Wistar rats equally into 3 groups:control group,diabetes group and diabetes + SCU group. We used streptozotocin and high-fat diet to establish type Ⅱ diabetic rat model on Wistar rat. Haematoxylin and eosin staining were used to evaluate the testicular morphologic changes. Immunohistochemical staining was used to measure the expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)in testes. Oxidative stress in testes and epididymis was tested by fluorescence spectrophotometer and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The blood flow rate in testicular vessels was measured by Doppler. 【Results】 Our results showed that hyperglycemia induced morphologic impairments in testes of rats, higher concentrations of Malondialdehyde(MDA) and ROS in testes and epididymis, lower testicular blood flow rate, while administration of Scutellarin could significantly inhibit these damages(DCF:12.93 vs. 7.63 mg/min ;MDA:2.37 vs. 1.48 mg/min ;testicular blood flow rate:110.0 vs. 210.2 mm/s;P < 0.05).【Conclusion】Our data suggest that SCU has the potential to reverse male reproductive disorder in diabetes by reducing the concentrations of ROS and improving. microcirculatory disturbances.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817792

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the impact of long- term storage time on epigenetic modification of histone in human cleavage stage embryos.【Methods】According to the length of storage time,donated embryos after slow-freezing were divided into 3 groups :6-year group ,9-year group ,and 12-year group ,while the control group consisted of donated fresh embryos. Immunocytochemistry was performed to compare the expression levels of HDAC1, H3K9ac, H3K4me3 ,and H3K9me3 among 4 groups. Transcription levels of HDAC1 ,SUV39H1 ,SETDB1 ,and KDM5A were analyzed through Single-Cell qRT-PCR.【Results】The relative abundances of HDAC1 and SUV39H1 mRNA showed no significant differences among 4 groups(P > 0.05). SETDB1 exhibited a climbing pattern as storage time increased,but no significant difference was observed(P > 0.05). There were no differences in H3K9 trimethylation and H3K9 methylation among 4 groups. However ,the expression level of KDM5A increased with the increasing storage time(P < 0.05).【Conclusions】 Storage time did not affect the expression of deacetylase HDAC1,methylase SUV39H1 and SETDB1. H3K9ac/me3 and H3K4me3 also exhibited no significant difference as the storage time increases. However ,the increasing storage length might induce the elevating expression of demethylase KDM5A,which may be associated with inhibition of embryonic transcription.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817668

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 A human embryonic stem cell line derived from Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) embryos was established in a xeno- free stem cell culture system to provide disease models for medical research. 【Methods】The xeno-free culture system using xeno-free human foreskin fibroblast feeder layers(XF-HFF)mixed with commercially available chemically-defined medium(CDM)was assessed. In the culture system,a new hESC cell line was established using discarded embryos derived from PGT in patients with chromosomal balance translocation.【Results】The new availabled stem cell line was successfully cultured in the xeno-free culture system for a long time(> 45 passages). The karyotype analysis revealed that the new line kept the same karyotype over 45 passages. Moreover,the expression of pluripotent markers was detected by fluorescent immunostaining including SSEA- 3,SSEA- 4,SSEA- 1,TRA- 1- 60, and TRA-1-81. RT-PCR analysis showed that the stem cell markers were present in hESC grown on XF-HFF-CDM. In addition,the teratoma formation analysis demonstrated that the cells cultured in XF-HFF/CDM maintained their pluripotency in vivo.【Conclusions】Our study may provide the possibility to establish embryonic stem cells with certain pathogenic genes,which could be applied for clinical research and treatment.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 188-193, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342068

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Tat-interacting protein 30 (TIP30) has been reported to be a tumor suppressor, with reduced or absent expression in various tumors. However, its role in bladder urothelial cancer (BUC) has not been investigated. Therefore, herein, we investigated the expression of TIP30 protein in BUC and normal bladder mucosa and the clinical significance of TIP30 expression in the prognosis of BUC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We reviewed data from 79 cases of BUC and 15 adjacent tissue samples from 79 patients treated at our institution between 2004 and 2007. TIP30 expression was examined by immunohistochemistry. The relationship between TIP30 expression and tumor stage, histological grade, and survival was analyzed. Differences between groups were evaluated using the t-test or matched-pairs test, and differences in the survival rates were analyzed with the log-rank test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TIP30 protein expression was significantly reduced in BUC tissue (t = -6.91, P < 0.05) compared with normal tissue samples, and in invasive bladder cancer (t = 10.89, P < 0.05) compared with superficial bladder cancer. TIP30 protein expression differed significantly among different differentiated groups classified either according to the World Health Organization (2004, F = 17.48, P < 0.01) or World Health Organization (1973, F = 10.68, P < 0.01). TIP30 protein expression was significantly reduced in high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma compared with papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential (P < 0.05) and low-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, TIP30 protein expression was significantly reduced in Grade III BUC, compared with Grade I (P < 0.05) and Grade II (P < 0.05). Patients with low TIP30 expression showed a higher incidence of disease progression than those with high TIP30 expression (t = 2.63, P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a strong positive relationship between TIP30 expression and overall survival (OS) (χ2 = 17.29, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TIP30 expression was associated with clinical tumor stage in BUC, suggesting that it might play an important role in disease progression. Furthermore, TIP30 might predict postoperative OS. Thus, its evaluation might be useful for predicting prognosis.</p>

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617577

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of Haishen-Xiyangshen-Gouqizi Koufuye(HXGK),an oral liquid of healthy food product,on the immunocompromised mouse model. Methods The cytotoxicity was assayed by the MTT method using murine monocyte macrophagse Raw264.7 cells. The in vitro phagocytic activity of RAW264.7 cells was assayed by the colorimet-ric neutral red phagocytosis test. In the in vivo mouse test,animals were randomized into six groups,each with ten mice:the normal control,model control,positive control groups and three HXGK(5,10,and 20 ml/kg)test groups. The immunocompromised mouse model was created by the intraperitoneal injection of 40 mg/kg dexamethasone once every other day for a total of five times. After first time injection of dexamethasone,the normal control(without the dexamethasone injection)and model control groups were adminis-tered orally once a day with saline,the positive control group with 25 mg/kg levamisole,and the three test groups with 5,10 and 20 ml/kg HXGK,respectively,for a total of 21 days. Then the carbon particle clearance index,the spleen and thymus indices,and the leukocytes,lymphocytes,IgG and IgA in peripheral blood were measured respectively. Results Compared with the normal control, HXGK significantly enhanced the phagocytic index of RAW264.7 cells from 1.00 to 1.12(P<0.01)and 1.32(P<0.01)at the 100-and 20-fold diluted dosages,respectively,in the in vitro neutral red phagocytosis test. In the in vivo mouse test,compared with the model control group,HXGK at the doses of 5,10 and 20 ml/kg obviously increased the carbon particle clearance index about 1.8(P<0.01),1.5(P<0.05)and 1.7-fold(P<0.05)and improved the spleen index from 1.60 to 2.96(P<0.01),2.56(P<0.01)and 2.32(P<0.05),the thymus index from 1.31 to 1.46,1.59(P<0.05)and 1.71(P<0.05),respectively. Meanwhile,HXGH at the 5,10 and 20 ml/kg dosages also increased the leukocytes about 1.32,1.75(P<0.05)and 1.46 folds(P<0.05),the lymphocytes about 16 (P<0.01),20(P<0.01)and 19 folds(P<0.01),the IgG level about 19%,57%(P<0.01)and 64%(P<0.05),and the IgA lev-el about 65%(P<0.01),47%(P<0.05)and 44%(P<0.01),all in the peripheral blood respectively. Conclusion HXGH could significantly enhance the immune function of the immunocompromised mice.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659818

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the effect of clarithromycin omeprazole in patients with chronic gastritis after treatment. Methods 100 cases of chronic gastritis in Ningbo Yinzhou People's Hospital (January 2016 to January 2017) were selected and divided into 2 groups according to the principle of computer randomization. One group was treated with omeprazole (control group) and the other group was treated with clarithromycin (observation group). Comparison of the total effective rate of 2 groups, relapse, the occurrence of adverse reactions and so on. Results In the observation group, the total effective rate was 90.00% and the recurrence probability was 2.00 % after treatment. The indexes were improved, compared with the control group (70.00 % and 16.00 %, respectively) Dominant position (P<0.05). However, the probability of adverse events in the two groups was not significantly different, which was 8.00% vs 10.00 %. Conclusion The use of omeprazole on the basis of the treatment of patients with chronic gastritis and then combined with the treatment of clarithromycin, the effect is more ideal.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657577

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the effect of clarithromycin omeprazole in patients with chronic gastritis after treatment. Methods 100 cases of chronic gastritis in Ningbo Yinzhou People's Hospital (January 2016 to January 2017) were selected and divided into 2 groups according to the principle of computer randomization. One group was treated with omeprazole (control group) and the other group was treated with clarithromycin (observation group). Comparison of the total effective rate of 2 groups, relapse, the occurrence of adverse reactions and so on. Results In the observation group, the total effective rate was 90.00% and the recurrence probability was 2.00 % after treatment. The indexes were improved, compared with the control group (70.00 % and 16.00 %, respectively) Dominant position (P<0.05). However, the probability of adverse events in the two groups was not significantly different, which was 8.00% vs 10.00 %. Conclusion The use of omeprazole on the basis of the treatment of patients with chronic gastritis and then combined with the treatment of clarithromycin, the effect is more ideal.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607634

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of morinidazole combined with appendectomy in treating purulent or gangrenous appendicitis.Methods Double-blind randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial was designed and conducted.Totally 437 patients were included,219 in the control group and 218 in the experimental group.Cases of purulent or gangrenous appendicitis were enrolled and assigned to each of the two groups.The control group received ornidazole injection for 5 to 7 days while the experimental group received morinidazole injection.Both groups underwent appendectomy.Clinical response,micrombiological outcomes,overall response were evaluated.Adverse events and side effects were recorded.Results No significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding the clinical healing rate at 5-10 days after medicine withdrawal,anaerobia clearance and overall healing rates.Adverse events occurred in 140 patients (32.1%).Incidence of adverse events in the control group and the experimental group was 34.7% and 29.4%,respectively (P > 0.05).The overall incidence of side effects was 15.1% (66 cases).Side effects were less seen in the experimental group compared with that in the control group (11.5% vs.18.7%,P < 0.05).The most frequent side effects were aminotransferase rising,thrombocytosis,nausea,vomiting and electrocardiographic abnormality.Conclusions The effect of morinidazole plus operation was comparable with ornidazole in treating purulent or gangrenous appendicitis.The safety of morinidazole is better than ornidazole.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360180

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Platycarya strobilacea Sieb. et Zucc (PSZ) extract on methuosis of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE1 and CNE2 cells and explore the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CNE1 and CNE2 cells were treated with 1 mg/mL PSZ extract and the expressions of Rac1 mRNA and Rac1 protein were detected using RT-qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. Results CNE1 and CNE2 cells showed obvious morphological changes typical of methuosis following treatment with PSZ extract characterized by cell merging, accumulation of large cytoplasmic vacuoles, and membrane rupture without obvious changes in the nuclei. PSZ treatment resulted in up-regulated Rac1 mRNA and Rac1 protein expressions in the cells. Application of EHT 1864 obviously blocked the effect of PSZ extract in inducing methuosis in CNE1 and CNE2 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PSZ extract can induce methuosis in CNE1 and CNE2 cells by inducing the overexpression of Rac1.</p>

12.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2256-2258,2259, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604453

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of conscious sedation analgesia during superficial bladder tumor resection for elderly patients. Methods Forty elderly patients who needed 2 μm laser resection for bladder tumors were treated with target controlled infusion (TCI) remifentanil and propofol. The initial target concentration of remifentanil was 2.5 ng/mL and that of propofol was 1 μg/mL. The target concentration of those two agents was adjusted until loss of painfulness to the operative stimulus. The MAP, HR, SpO2, RR and PetCO2, BIS and scores by OAA/S were compared between pre-and post-surgery at different time points (time before anesthesia, T0; time before analgesia, T1; time when the resection began, T2; 5 minutes after the resection began, T3;10 minutes after the resection began, T4; 15 minutes after the resection began, T5; the end of operation, T6;5 minutes after operation). Results All patients lived through the surgery under a conscious sedation. After the anesthesia, blood pressure, heart rate and breathing rate were declined, while oxygen saturation was unchanged. Conclusion TCI with remifentanil and propofol provides better hemodynamic stability, satisfactory sedation analgesia and faster recovery of surgery.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1862-1866, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335694

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Myocardial infarction is an important cause of mortality after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Sevoflurane provides myocardial protection to patients undergoing coronary surgery, but whether it also reduces the incidence of myocardial injury in CEA patients is unclear. In this study, we evaluated the cardioprotective effect of low-dose sevoflurane with propofol in patients undergoing CEA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This was a single-center, prospective, randomized study conducted between November 2011 and December 2013. The study population of 122 patients who underwent CEA were randomly assigned to two groups. Group A (n = 62) received propofol for anesthetic maintenance, and Group B (n = 60) additionally received 0.8% end-tidal sevoflurane. The bispectral index was kept at 40-60. Myocardial injury, defined as cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels >0.04 ng/ml, was the primary end-point. Levels of cTnI were measured before anesthesia, and at 4, 24, and 72 h after surgery. Perioperative hemodynamic parameters and adverse cardiovascular events after surgery were also recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Myocardial injury was detected in 18 patients in Group A and 7 in Group B. The difference was statistically significant (29.0% vs. 11.7%, P = 0.018). The hemodynamic parameters were comparable between the groups, as were adverse cardiovascular events (P = 0.619).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Low-dose sevoflurane inhalation along with propofol reduces the incidence of myocardial injury in symptomatic patients after CEA.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Drug Administration Schedule , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Methyl Ethers , Therapeutic Uses , Middle Aged , Myocardium , Metabolism , Propofol , Therapeutic Uses , Troponin I , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 239-244, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358025

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Sleep/wake disturbances in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are well-documented, however, no animal or mechanistic studies on these disturbances exist. Orexin is a crucial neurotransmitter in promoting wakefulness in sleep/wake regulation, and may play an important role in sleep disturbances in ALS. In this study, we used SOD1-G93A transgenic mice as an ALS mouse model to investigate the sleep/wake disturbances and their possible mechanisms in ALS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Electroencephalogram/electromyogram recordings were performed in SOD1-G93A transgenic mice and their littermate control mice at the ages of 90 and 120 days, and the samples obtained from these groups were subjected to quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For the first time in SOD1-G93A transgenic mice, we observed significantly increased wakefulness, reduced sleep time, and up-regulated orexins (prepro-orexin, orexin A and B) at both 90 and 120 days. Correlation analysis confirmed moderate to high correlations between sleep/wake time (total sleep time, wakefulness time, rapid eye movement [REM] sleep time, non-REM sleep time, and deep sleep time) and increase in orexins (prepro-orexin, orexin A and B).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sleep/wake disturbances occur before disease onset in this ALS mouse model. Increased orexins may promote wakefulness and result in these disturbances before and after disease onset, thus making them potential therapeutic targets for amelioration of sleep disturbances in ALS. Further studies are required to elucidate the underlying mechanisms in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , Genetics , Metabolism , Animals , Female , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Neuropeptides , Genetics , Metabolism , Orexins , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sleep , Physiology , Superoxide Dismutase , Genetics , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase-1 , Wakefulness , Physiology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355338

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of thioridazine on the proliferation and apoptosis of human colorectal cancer SW480 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SW480 cells were treated with different concentrations of thioridazine, and MTT assay was used to evaluate the cell inhibition rate. Hoechst 33342 staining was performed to demonstrate the cell morphology changes. Flow cytometry was used to determine the cell apoptosis and cell cycle changes. RT-qPCR was used to detect PDCD4, c-MYC, BCL2, CCND1, CASPASE3, PARP1, CDK4 and EIF4A mRNA expressions, and Western blotting was employed to assay AKT, p-AKT, and PDCD4 protein expression levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MTT results showed that thioridazine inhibits the proliferation of SW480 cells. SW480 cells treated with thioridazine presented with such typical features of apoptosis of karyopyknosis, chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation. Flow cytometry showed that thioridazine was a cell cycle-specific drug and caused cell cycle arrest at G(1)/G(0) phase and an increased cell apoptosis rate. Thioridazine treatment of the cells resulted in up-regulated PDCD4 mRNA expression and down-regulated mRNA expressions of CCND1, CDK4, c-MYC, BCL2, CASPASE3, PARP1 and EIF4A, increased PDCD4 protein expression and reduced p-AKT protein expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Thioridazine inhibits the proliferation and induces apoptosis of SW480 cells by up-regulating PDCD4 and inhibiting PI3K/Akt pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Down-Regulation , Humans , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Thioridazine , Pharmacology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250324

ABSTRACT

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered responsible for the high recurrence rate in cervical carcinoma. It has been demonstrated that the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is involved in the oncogenesis and takes part in mediating the effects of maintaining stem cell phenotype and pluripotency by regulating the expression of stem cell-related transcription factors. However, the correlation between STAT3 and stem cell-related transcription factors in cervical cancer has not been elucidated. In this study, we established overexpressing plasmid (GV316-STAT3) and siRNA-STAT3 for transfecting Siha cells. Cells negative or positive for Nanog, Oct4, or Sox2 were selected by flow cytometry. Proliferation and differentiation rate of Siha cells was determined by detecting the efficiency of tumor sphere formation. The expression of Nanog, Oct4 and Sox2 (cancer stem cell markers) and STAT3 was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and immunoblotting for Siha cells and by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for cervical tissues, respectively. The results showed that Nanog+, Oct4+, and Sox2+ Siha-STAT3 over-expressing cells displayed the typical non-adherent spheres. The sphere formation efficiency was significantly different between Siha-STAT3 overexpressing cells and siRNA-STAT3 cells (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the expression levels of Oct4, Nanog and Sox2 mRNA and protein were significantly higher in Siha-STAT3 overexprssing cells than in siRNA-STAT3 cells (P<0.05). In addition, the positive rate of STAT3, Nanog, Oct4 and Sox2 in cervical cancer tissues was higher than that in chronic cervicitis group (P<0.05). There was a significantly positive relationship between STAT3 and Nanog or Oct4 or Sox2 expression (all P<0.001). These results suggested that Oct4+, Sox2+, and Nanog+ cell population possesses stem cell properties in cervical cancer, which may contribute to cervical carcinogenesis and be regulated by STAT3.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Female , Humans , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241009

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore causes of shoulder pain and propose prevention measures in treating acromioclavicular joint dislocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2005 to January 2013, 86 patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation (Tossy III) were treated with hook plate fixation, and were divided into two groups. Bsaed on recovery of shoulder function mostly, the patients who suffered from rest pain, motion pain were named as shoulder pain group, while the patients without pain were named as painless group. In shoulder pain group, there were 21 cases including 15 males and and 6 females ranging the age from 22 to 62 years old with an average of (40.6±11.2) years old. There were 8 cases were on the left side and 13 cases were on the right side. In painless group, there were 65 cases including 36 males and and 29 females ranging the age from 19 to 65 years old with an average of (40.0±11.3) years old. There were 33 cases were on the left side and 32 cases were on the right side. The time from injury to operation ranged from 3 h to 8 d with an average of 34.6 h. Shoulder function of all patients were normal before injuried. Postoperative pain, activity of daily living (ADL), range of motion, deltoid muscle strength were compared. Anteflexion,rear protraction, abduction and upthrow of shoulder joint were also compared. Postoperative complications between two groups were observed and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 12 to 48 months with an average of 18.5 months. Constant-Murley score were used to evaluate clinical efficacy at the least following up, and 13 cases got an excellent results, 5 moderate, 2 good and 1 poor in shoulder pain group ; while 61 cases were obtained excellent results, 3 moderate and 1 good in painless group. There were significantly differences between two groups in Constant-Murley score and activity of shoulder joint (P<0.05). In shoulder pain group, 3 cases were disconnected, 1 case occurred stress fracture, 9 cases were subacromial impingement syndrome, 5 cases occurred subluxation, 1 case occurred plate breakage and 11 cases were acromioclavicular arthritis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chosing individual clavicular hook plate, fulfilling anatomic reset, paying attention to the repair of articular capsule ligament, and reducing hook and bone antagonism between stress is the key point of preventing and decreasing postoperative shoulder pain.</p>


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Adult , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Dislocation , General Surgery , Shoulder Pain , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838931

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the factors influencing brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and to establish a logit model for predicting baPWV. Methods The data of 4 159 cases who underwent health examination from 2010 to 2014 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The parameters included gender, age, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse, fasting glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, glutamyl transpeptidase and cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and uric acid. Logistic regression was used to explore the influencing factors of baPWV, and a regression model was established to predict baPWV and it was evaluated. Results Univariate analysis showed that, except for HDL, all the other parameters above were significantly different between normal baPWV group and abnormal baPWV group (P<0.05). Multivariable analysis yielded the following logit model: logit (p)=-17.888+0.001×uric acid 0.004×alanine aminotransferase 0.105×fasting glucose 0.023×pulse 0.032×diastolic blood pressure 0.061×systolic blood pressure 0.092×age 0.411×sex, which showed a correct predicting rate of 79.6% for baPWV in health examination population, with the ROC area being 0.869 (95%CI:0.859-0.879). Conclusion The baPWV values can be influenced by gender, age, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse, fasting blood glucose, alanine aminotransferase and uric acid levels, and logit model may serve as a satisfactory model for these types of study.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287180

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of water extract of Zuojin Pill ([characters: see text], ZJP) on inhibiting the growth of human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 and its potential mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Effects of ZJP on SGC-7901 cells growth were determined by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, cell apoptosis and cell cycle were determined by flow cytometry, and apoptosis induction was detected by means of DNA gel electrophoresis. The cellular mechanism of drug-induced cell death was unraveled by assaying oxidative injury level of SGC-7901 cell, mitochondrial membrane potentials, expression of apoptosis-related genes, such as B cell lymphoma/lewkmia-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) and cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-9.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ZJP exerted evident inhibitory effect on SGC-7901 cells by activating production of reactive oxygen species and elevating Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in SGC-7901 cells, leading to attenuation of mitochondrial membrane potential and DNA fragmentation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ZJP inhibits the cancer cell growth via activating mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway. ZJP can potentially serve as an antitumor agent.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Colorimetry , Comet Assay , DNA Fragmentation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Mitochondrial Membranes , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456376

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate gallic acid-derived chemical constituents of Choerospondias axillaries (Roxb.) Burtt. et Hill., and evaluate their in vitro anti-tumor, anti-hypoxia and anti-bacteria activities. Methods The aimed chemical constituents were isolated by various chromatographic means, and their structures were identified by physicochemical and spectroscopic data. MTT method was employed to evaluate anti-tumor and anti-hypoxia activities. Antibacterial activities were tested by paper disc method. Results Seven compounds 1-7 were isolated from the stem barks of Choerospondias axillaries (Roxb.) Burtt. et Hill. and identified as gallic acid(1), gallic acid ethyl ether(2), 1-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose(3), 1,6-di-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose(4), 1,4-di-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose(5), 1,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose(6), and 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose(7). Compounds 1, 2 and 4-6 significantly inhibited K562 cells with the IC50 values of 2.9, 14.6, 39.1, 40.2, 41.2 μg/ml, respectively, and 3 and 7 also showed a slight inhibition of the K562 cells with the inhibition rate of 20.8% and 30.1% at 100 μg/ml respectively. Compounds 1-7 showed protective effects on anoxia-induced injury in cultured ECV304 and PC12 cells at the concentrations showing no significant cytotoxicity, and 5-7 also showed an antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus ATCC6538 to a certain extent. Conclusion Compounds 2-7 were isolated from the genus Choerospondias for the first time. It was the first time to report 1-7 as anti-tumor and anti-hypoxia constituents of Choerospondias axillaries, and the anti-hypoxia activity for 1-7 was also recorded for the first time in the present study.

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