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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910809

ABSTRACT

Gaucher′s disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disease, and the etiology of GD is the decreased activity of glucocerebrosidase, which leads to the accumulation of glucocerebroside in the lysosomes of macrophages. Because GD is rare and lacks specific clinical manifestations, it is easy to be misdiagnosed, which delays the best time for treatment. Early diagnosis, clinical evaluation, and regular monitoring of the disease have important clinical significance for enzyme replacement therapy in patients with GD. Recent studies have found that radionuclide imaging is playing an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and treatment of GD. This article introduces the application of radionuclide imaging in the diagnosis and management of GD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the onset and development pattern and characteristics of refeeding syndrome (RFS) induced by nutrition support and to provide reference for rational drug use in parenteral nutrition management.Methods:Case reports of RFS from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP database and Pubmed from 2000 to 2020 were retrieved. The clinical data were collected and statistically analyzed.Results:A total of 17 reports, including 17 cases, were included in the analysis. Patients were 6 males(35.29%) and 11 females (64.71%). The distribution of age was from 29 weeks in a premature neonate to 87 years old. 12 cases (70.59%) of RFS occurred within 3 days after starting the nutrition support. The most common clinical manifestation were cardiovascular system symptoms (88.23%), with dyspnea as the most reported symptom (41.17%). 15 patients (88.23%) recovered after appropriate intervention and 2 patients died(11.76%).Conclusions:Refeeding syndrome is a potentially fatal condition. The risk of RFS should be assessed before initiating nutrition support. Patients at risk of RFS must be monitored closely at the early stage of nutritional support.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905924

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and compare the protective effects of Tongqiao Huoxue decoction (TQHX) prepared by three methods against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI), and to explore its mechanism through the glutamate (Glu) metabolic pathway in astrocytes. Method:The male SD rats of SPF grade were subjected to CIRI model induction by the modified middle cerebral artery occlusion method. The model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a sham operation group, and water-decocted, wine-decocted, and alcohol-extracted TQHX (6.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) groups. The rats were treated correspondingly for 7 days. Those in the sham operation group and the model group were treated with an equal volume of normal saline by gavage. After the final treatment, the neurological function of rats was assessed by the modified neurological severity score (mNSS). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of ischemic brain tissues in rats. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to detect glutamate (Glu) in ischemic brain tissues. The expression of glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and co-expression of glutamine synthetase (GS) and GFAP in ischemic brain tissues were detected by immunofluorescence assay. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of GFAP, GLT-1, and GS. Result:Compared with the sham operation group, the model group showed increased mNSS (<italic>P</italic><0.01), large necrosis of cerebral cortex in ischemic brain tissues with disordered cell arrangement, obscure boundary, intracellular edema, and inflammatory infiltration, elevated Glu in ischemic brain tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), declining GLT-1-GFAP co-expression and GS-GFAP co-expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated expression of GFAP protein, and reduced protein expression of GLT-1 and GS(<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the model group, the TQHX groups showed decreased mNSS (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), relieved injury in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal nerve cells in ischemic brain tissues, reduced Glu expression(<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01), elevated co-expression of GLT-1 and GFAP (<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01), and up-regulated protein expression of GFAP and GLT-1(<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The co-expression of GS and GFAP (<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01)and the expression of GS (<italic>P<</italic>0.01)were increased in the wine-decocted and alcohol-extracted TQHX groups. Compared with the water-decocted TQHX group, the alcohol-extracted group showed increased GLT-1-GFAP and GS-GFAP co-expression(<italic>P<</italic>0.05); the wine-decocted and alcohol-extracted TQHX groups exhibited elevated GS protein expression (<italic>P<</italic>0.05); the alcohol-extracted TQHX group displayed declining Glu content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increased protein expression of GFAP and GLT-1 (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the wine-decocted TQHX group, the alcohol-extracted TQHX group showed increased protein expression of GFAP and GLT-1(<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Conclusion:TQHX prepared by three methods can improve neurological deficits in CIRI rats. The effect is presumedly achieved by promoting the further activation of astrocytes, increasing the expression of GLT-1 and GS, promoting the clearance of Glu accumulated in the synaptic cleft by astrocytes through the Glu-glutamine (Gln) circulation, and reducing the excitotoxicity of Glu. The alcohol-extracted TQHX group was superior to the water-decocted and wine-decocted TQHX groups in reducing the content of Glu in ischemic brain tissues, promoting the activation of astrocytes, and enhancing the protein expression of GLT-1 and GS.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2197-2203, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887046

ABSTRACT

Gastric pH is an important factor that affects drug absorption, as gastric pH may lead to lower bioavailability, especially for weak-base drugs. Acid-reducing agents (ARAs) such as antacids, histamine-2 receptor antagonists, and proton pump inhibitors, are susceptible to drug-drug interactions (DDIs), potentially resulting in the loss of efficacy. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling is an important tool for the evaluation of oral drug-drug interactions and the most commonly used models include the advanced comparative absorption and transport (ACAT) model and the advanced dissolution, absorption and metabolism (ADAM) model. These models can be used for adjustment of the dosage regimen and the screening of candidate drugs in drug development by simulating the change of gastric pH to predict the change in drug absorption. This review summarizes the theoretical basis, the most common PBPK models used to predict drug absorption, and the effects of different kinds of ARAs drugs on gastric pH. Some successful applications of PBPK modeling in predicting the effects of gastric pH on drug absorption are also presented.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2066-2073, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explo re the potential molecular mechanism of ursolic acid in the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). METHODS:TCMSP,PubMed database and UniProt database were used to screen potential targets of monomer compound ursolic acid. OP related target genes were searched with GeneCards database. The common target genes of component-disease were obtained by Venny 2.1 online mapping tool. The protein-protein interaction (PPI)network of component-disease common target genes was constructed by using STRING database ,and topological analysis was carried out ;the core target genes ,whose degree value was greater than the average degree value ,were screened. GO functional annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of component-disease common target genes were carried out by DAVID database. AutoDock Vina 1.1.2 software was used for molecular docking ,using protein encoded by the core target gene as receptor and ursolic acid as ligand. RESULTS :A total of 55 ursolic acid related target genes and 4 273 OP related target genes were excavated ,with a total of 44 common target genes. PPI network with above common target genes included 44 nodes and 513 edges,with an average node degree of 23.3. There were 24 core target genes ,including VEGFA,TP53,IL6,CASP3. There were 340 GO functional items were enriched (corrected P< 0.05),including 263 biological processes (negative regulation of apoptosis ,etc.),25 molecular functions (protein binding ,etc.) and 52 cell components (cytosol,etc.). There were 90 KEGG signaling pathways (corrected P<0.05),such as tumor pathway , hepatitis B pathway ,TNF signaling pathway ,viral carcinogenesis and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt) signaling pathway. The binding energy between ursolic acid and 6 proteins encoded by core target genes such as TP53 was lower than -5 kcal/mol,which had strong binding activity. CONCLUSIONS :The therapeutic effect of ursolic acid on OP may be achieved by regulating VEGFA,TP53,IL6,CASP3,JUN and other core target genes and acting on multiple key pathways such as cancer pathway , hepatitis B and TNF signaling

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885128

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features and treatment outcome of Kallmann syndrome(KS) caused by fibroblast growth factor receptor-1(FGFR1) gene mutation in 4 patients.Methods:Targeted next-generation sequencing(NGS) was performed on thirty KS and normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism(nIHH) patients. FGFR1 mutation was identified in four KS patients. The clinical data, laboratory and imaging examinations, and treatment outcome were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Four male patients, aging from 11 to 22 years old, presented as micropenis, and with olfactory dysfunction. Among them, two had history of cryptorchidism, three had history of cleft lip and palate repair surgery. The most severe patient presented with short stature, left microtia and dental agenesis. FGFR1 heterozygous mutation was identified in all four patients, two were point mutation(p.Y374X; p. E670K), and the other was frameshift mutation(p.S346Yfs*61; p.S723*fs*1). One patient, who started treatment of the pulsatile GnRH pump during his youth, succeeded in having two babies.Conclusion:Patients with Kallmann syndrome caused by FGFR1 mutation presents complex clinical manifestations. Besides dysosmia, micropenis, microrchidia, and delayed pubertal development are the main clinical manifestations in male patients. Symptoms such as cleft lip and palate are helpful for early recognition. Genotyping analysis is crucial to confirm the diagnosis. The pulsatile GnRH pump can produce satisfactory therapeutic effect, but the age of initiating therapy should be carefully considered.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of hospitalization for pregnant women with influenza A.Methods:From December 2018 to February 2019, 261 pregnant women with influenza A were admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University. The clinical data of age, gestational period, underlying diseases, time from onset to treatment, white blood cell count and lymphocyte count of these patients were collected. Data of out-patients were compared with those of inpatients. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of hospitalization in pregnant women with influenza A.Results:Among the 261 cases of pregnancy with influenza A, 36 cases (13.79%) were hospitalized, of which 10 (27.78%) were hospitalized due to severe influenza complications, the other 26 cases (72.22%) were hospitalized due to pregnancy related adverse events. The proportions of hospitalized patients with age ≥30 years old, gestational period ≥28 weeks, combined with underlying diseases and lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L were 75.00%(27/36), 83.33%(30/36), 16.67%(6/36) and 50.00%(18/36), respectively, which were significantly higher than those of out-patients (47.11%(106/225), 35.56%(80/225), 0.89%(2/225) and 13.22%(16/121), respectively; χ2=9.66, 29.05, 26.00 and 22.12, respectively, all P<0.05). The proportions of inpatients and out-patients with white blood cell count ≥4×10 9/L were 97.22%(35/36) and 97.52%(118/121), respectively, and there was no significant difference ( χ2=0.01, P=0.921). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥30 years (odds ratio ( OR)=5.181, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.628-16.489, P=0.005), gestational period ≥28 weeks ( OR=11.054, 95% CI 3.233-37.796, P<0.01), lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L ( OR=6.864, 95% CI 2.237-20.729, P=0.001), and time from onset to treatment <24 h ( OR=0.076, 95% CI 0.012-0.468, P=0.005) were the influencing factors for hospitalization of pregnant women with influenza A. Conclusion:Age ≥30 years old, gestational period ≥28 weeks, lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L and time from onset to treatment <24 h are the influencing factors for hospitalization of pregnant women with influenza A.

8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 139-143, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880941

ABSTRACT

The rationale for the antibiotic treatment of viral community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults was analyzed to develop a clinical reference standard for this condition. Clinical data from 166 patients diagnosed with viral pneumonia across 14 hospitals in Beijing from November 2010 to December 2017 were collected. The indications for medications were evaluated, and the rationale for the use of antibiotics was analyzed. A total of 163 (98.3%) patients with viral pneumonia were treated with antibiotics. A combination of C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) was used as markers to analyze the possible indications for antibiotic use. With threshold levels set at 0.25 µg/L for PCT and 20 mg/L for CRP, the rate of unreasonable use of antibiotics was 55.2%. By contrast, at a CRP level threshold of 60 mg/L, the rate of antibiotic misuse was 77.3%. A total of 39 of the 163 (23.9%) patients did not meet the guidelines for drug selection for viral CAP in adults. The unreasonable use of antibacterial drugs for the treatment of viral CAP in adults is a serious concern. Clinicians must reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Biomarkers , Calcitonin , Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Protein Precursors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921532

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of cyclosporin A(CsA)and CsA combined with recombined human erythropoietin(rhEPO)in the treatment of patients with chronic aplastic anemia(CAA).Methods Data of 79 patients with CAA treated at Department of Hematology,PUMC Hospital between January 2016 and June 2018 were collected for retrospective analysis.Forty-five patients were treated with CsA+rhEPO,and the other 34 patients with CsA alone.All the enrolled patients were treated for at least 1.5-2.0 years and followed for at least 1.0 year.The efficacy,side effects,long-term outcomes were compared between the two groups,and factors that may influence the efficacy were analyzed.Results The patients treated with CsA+rhEPO included 14 males and 31 females,with a median age of 43(19,73)years old.The median treatment duration of CsA and rhEPO was 26(12,38)and 4(3,6)months,respectively,and the median followed-up time was 24(12,42)months.The patients treated with CsA alone included 16 males and 18 females,with a median age of 36(16,85)years old.The median CsA treatment duration was 24(12,40)months and the median follow-up time was 25(12,40)months.There was no statistical difference in baseline characteristics between the two groups(all


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Erythropoietin/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recombinant Proteins , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 335-339, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817340

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the protection ef fects of mulberry anthocyanin- 3-glucoside on epilepsy model mice and the effect of hippocampal brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tyrosine kinase B (TrkB)pathway. METHODS :Totally 120 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group ,model group ,single medication group (mulberry anthocyanin- 3- glucoside),agonist combination group(mulberry anthocyanin- 3-glucoside+TrkB agonist LM 22B-10),with 30 mice in each group. single medication group and agonist combination group were given mulberry anthocyanin- 3-glucoside 600 μg/kg intragastrically once a day ,for consecutive 6 weeks. The agonist combination group was given LM22B-10(5 mg/kg)via the lateral ventricle once a day at 6th week. Normal group and model group were given constant volume of normal saline intragastrically. After last medication,except for normal group ,other groups were given lithium chloride-pilocarpine to establish epilepsy model. After modeling,10 mice in each group were taken to record the latency ,frequency and duration of spontaneous recurrent epilepsy , observed for 6 hours a day for 4 weeks;EEG was recorded on the 14th,28th and 36th day after modeling ,and the abnormal frequency of EEG in 1 h was counted . On the 6th day of modeling ,other 10 mice in each group were taken to detect the serum calcium level ,and the remaining 10 mice in each group were taken to detect the expressions of BDNF mRNA and protein in the hippocampus. RESULTS :Compared with normal group ,latency,frequency and duration of spontaneous recurrent epilepsy and the times of abnormal brain wave on the 14th,28th and 36th day after modeling were increased significantly in model group (P< 0.05). The serum calcium level , mRNA and proteinexpression of BDNF in hippocampus were increased E-mail:wangfang7699@126.com significantly (P<0.05). Compared with model group ,the latency,frequency,duration of spontaneous recurrent epilepsy and the times of abnormal brain wave on the 28th and 36th day after modeling were decreased significantly in single medication group(P<0.05),while serum calcium level ,mRNA and protein expression of BDNF in hippocampus were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with single medication group ,the latency,frequency and duration of spontaneous recurrent epilepsy and the times of abnormal brain wave on the 28th and 36th day after modeling were increased significantly in agonist combination group (P<0.05),while serum calcium level ,mRNA and protein expressions of BDNF in hippocampus were increased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :Mulberry anthocyanin- 3- glucoside has a good protection effect on epilepsy model mice ,the mechanism of which may be associated with inhibiting the activation of hippocampal BDNF/TrkB pathway.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum cholinesterase (SChE) level and the prognosis of patients with septic shock (SS).Methods:A total of 594 patients with SS admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2013 to June 2017 were enrolled. General data such as gender, age, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score were recorded as well as routine blood test, procalcitonin (PCT), hepatic function, renal function, coagulation function and blood gas analysis parameters within 48 hours of SS diagnosis. The patients were followed by telephone from September to October in 2019, and the outcome was recorded. The primary outcome was all-cause death 28 days after discharge. The secondary outcomes were all-cause death in intensive care unit (ICU) and 2 years after discharge, and the length of ICU stay. The patients were divided into two groups according to prognosis of 28 days: the survival group and the death group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to screen prognostic risk factors of 28 days in patients with SS. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to explore predictive value of liver function parameter SChE for 28-day prognosis of patients with SS. The patients were divided into two groups according to the levels of SChE: the low SChE group (SChE ≤ 4 000 U/L) and the normal SChE group (SChE > 4 000 U/L). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to compare the cumulative survival rates without endpoint event of patients with different SChE levels.Results:A total of 385 patients with SS were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and a total of 356 patients were followed up successfully, with a follow-up rate of 92.5% (356/385). There were 142 survival patients and 214 death patients at 28 days, with a 28-day mortality rate of 60.1% (214/356). There were 116 survival patients and 240 death patients at 2 years, with a 2-year mortality rate of 67.4% (240/356). Compared with the 28-day survival group, the patients in the death group were older and had higher APACHEⅡ score, partial hepatic and renal function parameters, higher level of blood lactate (Lac) and lower levels of white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count (PLT) and SChE with statistically significant differences. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the age [relative risk ( RR) = 1.444, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.090-1.914, P = 0.010], APACHEⅡ score ( RR = 2.249, 95% CI was 1.688-2.997, P = 0.000), SChE ( RR = 1.469, 95% CI was 1.057-2.043, P = 0.022), and Lac ( RR = 2.190, 95% CI was 1.636-2.931, P = 0.000) were independent risk factors for 28-day mortality of patients with SS. The ROC curve analysis showed that SChE had a weak prognostic value for 28-day prognosis of patients with SS [the area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.574]. However, the combined predictive value of SChE, APACHEⅡ score and Lac was greater than APACHEⅡ score or Lac alone for prediction (AUC: 0.807 vs. 0.785, 0.697), with a sensitivity of 79.9% and a specificity of 68.5%. Compared with the normal SChE group ( n = 88), the 28-day mortality of patients in the low SChE group ( n = 268) was significantly increased [63.1% (169/268) vs. 51.1% (45/88), P < 0.05], but ICU mortality [59.7% (160/268) vs. 48.9% (43/88)], 2-year mortality [69.8% (187/268) vs. 60.2% (53/88)] or the length of ICU stay [days: 4 (2, 7) vs. 5 (2, 9)] between the two groups showed no statistical significance (all P > 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate without endpoint event of patients in the low SChE group was significantly lower than that in the normal SChE group (Log-Rank test: χ 2 = 5.852, P = 0.016). Conclusions:Increased risk of 28-day mortality in patients with SS whose SChE is below normal. The level of SChE is an independent risk factor for 28-day death in SS patients, and it is one of the indicators to evaluate the short-term prognosis of patients with SS.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 703-709, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of microRNA-153 (miR-153) expression and the mechanism of regulating histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase (SET7/9) and histone H3K4 methylation (H3K4me1) in the process of arsenic-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress-related hepatocytes apoptosis.Methods:Human normal hepatocytes (L-02 cells) were cultured in vitro and divided into control, arsenic treatment, arsenic + negative transfection, arsenic + miR-153 up-regulation and arsenic+ miR-153 down-regulation groups according to different treatment methods. Arsenic+ negative transfection, arsenic+ miR-153 up-regulation and arsenic+ miR-153 down-regulation groups were transfected with transfection plasmid and transfection reagent according to a certain proportion (3 μg: 8 μl). After 24 h, arsenic treatment, arsenic+ negative transfection, arsenic+ miR-153 up-regulation and arsenic+ miR-153 down-regulation groups were all treated with 100 μmol/L sodium arsenite (NaAsO 2) as the final concentration for 24 h. The control group was treated with phosphate buffer solution (PBS) of the same volume as NaAsO 2 for 24 h. The expression of miR-153 was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR); cell apoptosis and cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry; real-time cell dynamic analyzer (RTCA) was used to detect cell proliferation; Western blotting was used to detect the expression of endoplasmic reticulum marker proteins glucose regulatory protein 78 (GRP78), SET7/9 and H3K4me1. Results:The expression levels of miR-153 in each group were significantly different ( F = 10.73, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group [(41.10 ± 6.08)%], the expression level of miR-153 in arsenic treatment group [(4.35 ± 0.20)%] was significantly decreased ( P < 0.05); compared with the arsenic+ negative transfection group [(10.00 ± 2.40)%], the expression level of miR-153 in arsenic+ miR-153 up-regulation group [(157.70 ± 42.70)%] was significantly increased ( P < 0.05), and that in arsenic+ miR-153 down-regulation group [(4.20 ± 0.28)%] was significantly decreased ( P < 0.05). There were significant differences in the total cell apoptosis rate and G1 phase cell proportion among the five groups ( F = 29.69, 104.32, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the total cell apoptosis rates and G1 phase cell proportions in arsenic treatment, arsenic+ miR-153 up-regulation and arsenic+ miR-153 down-regulation groups were significantly increased ( P < 0.05); compared with the arsenic+ negative transfection group, the total cell apoptosis rate and G1 phase cell proportion in arsenic+ miR-153 up-regulation group were significantly decreased ( P < 0.05), and those in arsenic+ miR-153 down-regulation group were significantly increased ( P < 0.05). The difference of cell proliferation rate in each group was statistically significant ( F = 799.35, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation rates in arsenic treatment, arsenic+ miR-153 up-regulation and arsenic+ miR-153 down-regulation groups were significantly decreased ( P < 0.05); compared with the arsenic+ negative transfection group, the cell proliferation rate in arsenic+ miR-153 up-regulation group was significantly increased ( P < 0.05), and that in arsenic+ miR-153 down-regulation group was significantly decreased ( P < 0.05). The protein expression levels of SET7/9, GRP78 and H3K4me1 in each group were significantly different ( F = 78.52, 52.13, 54.32, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the protein expression levels of SET7/9, GRP78 and H3K4me1 in arsenic treatment group were significantly increased ( P < 0.05); compared with the arsenic+ negative transfection group, the protein expression levels of SET7/9, GRP78 and H3K4me1 in arsenic+ miR-153 up-regulation group were significantly decreased ( P < 0.05), and those in arsenic + miR-153 down-regulation group were significantly increased ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:miR-153 plays an important role in arsenic-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress-related hepatocytes apoptosis, the expression and regulation are related to the changes of SET7/9 and H3K4me1 levels.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865926

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the utilization of massive open online courses (MOOCs) learning and the satisfaction with the learning effect of MOOCs.Methods:A questionnaire survey was formulated for residents' cognition of MOOCs in standardized residency training, and 133 valid questionnaires were collected. Descriptive statistical analysis, chi-square test and logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of residents' learning satisfaction with MOOCs.Results:The influencing factors of standardized residency training trainees' satisfaction with MOOCs were the flexibility of learning time, the setting of discussion area, the interaction with teachers and the learning enthusiasm of the trainees.Conclusion:Standardized residency training trainees are satisfied with the learning effect of MOOCs. In the future, the construction of MOOCs will focus on formulating regular learning plan and supervision mechanism, increasing communication and feedback between teachers and trainees, improving the learning enthusiasm of residential trainees and enriching the content of MOOCs.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a model for predicting cesarean delivery after failure of trial of labor among low-risk term primipara.Methods:This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of low-risk primiparas, with singleton cephalic full-term fetus, who delivered in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2011 to August 31, 2017. Women experienced cesarean delivery(CS) following failed trial of labor were grouped as CS group, while those successfully delivered normally as vaginal delivery group(VD group). Chi-square test, t-test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. Influencing factors of CS after a failed trial of labor were screened to establish the prediction model. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test were used to assess the performance of the model. A nomogram was established using R programming language based on the predictive model. Results:(1) This study recruited 6 551 subjects and among them, 576 (8.8%) women experienced CS after a failed trial of labor and the rest 5 975(91.2%) delivered vaginally. (2) The women in CS group were older [(27.5±3.1) vs (26.8±3.0) years, t=-4.963, P<0.01] and shorter in height [(159.5±4.2) vs (161.7±4.6) cm, t=11.548, P<0.01] , had higher pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) [(21.5±2.6) vs (20.8±2.5) kg/m 2, t=-6.743, P<0.01] and higher weight gain during pregnancy [(14.8±4.2) vs (14.1±4.2) kg, t=-3.446, P<0.01] and delivered later [(282±7) vs (278±7) d, t=-10.499, P<0.01] compared with those in VD group. The incidence of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) [26.4% (152/576) vs 20.7% (1 238/5 975) , χ2=10.101, P<0.01], labor induction [oxytocin: 26.4% (152/576) vs 16.3% (976/5 975), artificial rupture of membranes: 46.5% (268/576) vs 36.6% (2 189/5 975), application of cervical dilator balloon: 2.6% (15/576) vs 1.1% (65/5 975) and Propess: 4.7% (27/576) vs 2.5% (149/5 975), χ2=134.918, P<0.01], and the proportion of cases with meconium-stained amniotic fluid [ Ⅰ: 5.2% (30/576) vs 3.5% (209/5 975), Ⅱ: 5.7% (33/576) vs 2.5% (150/5 975), Ⅲ/bloody: 13.7% (79/576) vs 1.8% (105/5 975), χ2=307.664, P<0.01] were all higher in CS group than in VD group. There were more male infants [58.0% (334/576) vs 49.1% (2 934/5 975), χ2=16.576, P<0.01] and higher neonatal birth weight [(3 528±389) vs (3 344±368) g, t=-11.431, P<0.01] in the CS group as well. (3) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that maternal age and height, pre-pregnancy BMI, weight gain during pregnancy, gestational age at delivery, PROM, labor induction with oxytocin, artificial rupture of membrane, application of cervical dilator balloon and Propess, meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and fetal gender were all independent factors for CS. Two prediction models and nomograms were established according to fetal gender was involved or not. (4) The AUC of the prediction model not involving fetal gender was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.763-0.784) and the cut-off value was >8.7% with the sensitivity and specificity of 0.707 and 0.706, while that involving fetal gender was 0.782 (95% CI: 0.771-0.791) with the sensitivity and specificity of 0.785 and 0.645, respectively, when the cut-off value was >7.4%. The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test showed that the two models fitted well (both P>0.05). Results of the internal validation using Bootstrap method indicated that the CS rates predicted by both models were consistent with the real data. Conclusions:The established models could effectively and accurately predict CS in term, singleton, cephalic, and low-risk primipara after failure of trial of labor, which might be a tool for clinicians to inform pregnant women to choose an appropriate delivery mode, thus improving maternal and infant outcomes.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2674-2678, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837524

ABSTRACT

Three butylphthalide derivatives were isolated from the Rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong using a series of isolation and purification approaches including macroporous resin, ODS-A column, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC. These structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic data (UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS and NMR) and identified as (3Z,3aE)-(6R,7R,2'S)-6-hydroxy-7-(2-carboxyl-2-hydroxyethylthio)-3-(2-hydroxybutylidene)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-phthalide (1), (3Z,3aZ)-3-butylidene-6,7-dihydroxy-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-phthalide 7-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructo-furanoside (2) and 3-(3-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-butylidene)-7-hydroxy-phthalide (3).

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848104

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients, if there is no operative contraindication, surgical treatment is recommended. Operative methods include internal fixation and joint replacement. Surgical techniques are mature, but the choice of surgical methods is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of artificial femoral head arthroplasty and proximal femoral nail antirotation in elderly patients with injured lateral wall femoral intertrochanteric fracture so as to provide the basis of clinical method selection and to provide the original data for the systematic analysis of large sample. METHODS: According to the case criterion, 48 cases of AO classification of type A2.2, A2.3 intertrochanteric fractures were selected in Department of Orthopedics, the 71 Group Army Hospital of Chinese PLA from January 2012 to December 2017. They were divided into femoral head arthroplasty group (n=29) and proximal femoral nail antirotation group (n=19). All patients signed the informed consent. This study was approved by the Hospital Ethics Committee. The patients were followed up for 1-3 years. Operation time, bleeding volume, hospitalization expenses, the incidence of complications, and Harris hip score at 1 month and 1 year after the surgery were compared between the two groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) After statistical analysis, operation time was significantly shorter in the femoral head arthroplasty group than in the proximal femoral nail antirotation group (P 0.05). The cost of hospitalization was significantly more in the femoral head arthroplasty group than in the proximal femoral nail antirotation group (P 0.05). (3) There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups (P > 0.05). (4) For the patients over 70 years old with intertrochanteric fracture of injured lateral wall, artificial femoral head replacement has the advantages of early getting out of bed, high quality of life and quick recovery of joint function. It is suggested to choose artificial femoral head replacement first.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827491

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pattern of shikonin-induced cell death in testicular cancer cell I-10 and seminoma TCAM-2 cells and explore the possible mechanism in light of mitochondrial function and glycolysis.@*METHODS@#I-10 cells treated with 0, 1.2, 1.4 and 1.6 μmol/L shikonin and TCAM-2 cells treated with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 μmol/L shikonin were examined for mitochondrial membrane potential and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) using JC-1 kit and ROS kit, respectively. The levels of intracellular lactic acid in the cells were detected using a lactic acid kit. The inhibitory effect of shikonin on the proliferation of the cells was assessed with MTT assay. The death patterns of the cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy, and annexin V-FITC/PI double staining was used to detect cell apoptosis. Western blotting was used to detect the relative expression levels of the apoptotic proteins Bax, Bcl-2, and cleaved caspase-3, the autophagy- related protein LC3B and glycolysis- related proteins PKM2, GLUT1 and HK2.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that shikonin significantly inhibited the proliferation of I-10 and TCAM-2 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner ( < 0.05). The IC values of shikonin in I-10 cells at 24, 48, and 72 h were 1.8, 1.36 and 1.16 μmol/L, as compared with 2.37, 0.8 and 0.41 μmol/L in TCAM-2 cells, respectively. Shikonin treatment significantly reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, increased ROS levels and lower the level of lactic acid in both I-10 and TCAM-2 cells ( < 0.05). Transmission electron microscopy and annexin V-FITC/PI double staining demonstrated that shikonin induced apoptosis and excessive autophagy in I-10 and TCAM-2 cells ( < 0.05). In both I-10 and TCAM cells, shikonin treatment significantly down- regulated the expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved caspase-3, PKM2, GLUT1 and HK2, and up-regulated the expression of autophagy-related protein LC3B ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Shikonin can inhibit the proliferation, induce apoptosis and increase autophagy in both I-10 and TCAM-2 cells probably by affecting energy metabolism of the cells.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817747

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To study the relationship between circulation tumor cell(CTC)and clinicopathological characteristics in early and middlestage colorectal cancer,and to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of peripheral blood CTC through dynamically monitoring the changes of peripheral blood CTC in the patients before and after operation.【Methods】 Prospectively 67 patients with early and middle stage colorectal cancer were included,and 20 healthy volunteers served as contrast during the same period. Peripheral venous blood(7.5 mL)was collected 24 h before radical operation,3 months after radical operation and in control group. SE- iFISH technique was used to isolate and identify CTC. The cutoff value of CTC in diagnosis of colorectal cancer was determined by the receiver operating curve(ROC)and Youden index. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank methods were used for survival analysis and multivariate COX regression analysis for multivariate correction. The value of CTC in the diagnosis of early and middle stage colorectal cancer was evaluated comprehensively,and then the relationship between CTC in peripheral blood and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis was synthetically evaluated combined with clinicopathological characteristics and postoperative follow- up data. 【Results】The positive rate of CTC in patients with early and middle stage colorectal cancer was significantly higher than that in healthy people(91.0% vs. 5.0% ,P<0.01). The CTC enumeration was significantly correlated with the depth of invasion and tumor location(P = 0.001,P = 0.044),but not with gender,age,tumor size,lymph node metastasis,TNM stage ,CEA level and CA-199 level. The preoperative CTC enumeration were not correlated with the above-mentioned clinicopathological parameters. Preoperative CTC had no predictive significance for disease free survival(DFS)and total survival(OS)(AUC = 0.359,P = 0.068;AUC = 0.428,P = 0.423),and postoperative CTC critical point of 3/7.5 mL had predictive significance for DFS and OS(AUC = 0.936 ,P < 0.001 ;AUC = 0.863 ,P < 0.001). It was found that patients with early and middle stage colorectal cancer were divided into two groups :good prognosis group(CTC < 3 after operation or the number of CTC after operation was equal or decreased with the number of CTC before operation)and bad prognosis group(CTC ≥ 3 after operation or the number of CTC after operation was higher than the number of CTC before operation). The DFS of the good prognosis group was significantly longer than that of the poor prognosis group (43.7 months vs. 20.4 months,P < 0.001;48.7 months vs. 26.8 months,P < 0.001),and the OS was also significantly longer (54.7 months vs. 43.3 months,P < 0.001;54.8 months vs. 45.1 months,P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that CTC ≥ 3/7.5 mL was a bad independent factor of DFS and OS.【Conclusions】CTC has high clinical value in patients with early and middle stage colorectal cancer. Preoperative CTC values can not predict the prognosis of early and middle stage colorectal cancer ,but postoperative CTC values and dynamic detection for CTC changes before and after operation can independently predict the prognosis of early and middle stage colorectal cancer.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774512

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is one of the leading causes for cancer-related death among women worldwide. Coptidis Rhizoma has antibacterial,anti-inflammatory,anti-tumor and other pharmacological activities,but whether exercise could synergistically promote the role of RC in the treatment of breast cancer has not been reported. In this experiment,the effects and mechanism of total alkaloids of Coptidis Rhizoma combined with exercise on the tumor growth of orthotopically transplanted 4 T1 breast cancer were systemically studied in mice. Balb/C mice transplanted with 4 T1 cells in situ were used as models. The total alkaloids of RC(145 mg·kg-1·d-1) alone or in combination with exercise(10 m·min-1,30 min/time,5 times/week) were given for 28 days,and then the changes in body weight and tumor volume,tumor weight,interleukin-1β(IL-1β),serum estradiol(E2) content,and expression levels of estrogen receptor α(ERα),cell cycle related proteins CDK4,CDK6,cyclin D1,CDK2,and cyclin E in tumor tissues. The results showed that total alkaloids of Coptidis Rhizoma could significantly inhibit the growth of 4 T1 breast cancer in mice(P< 0. 01),and exercise significantly promoted the anti-tumor activity of total alkaloids of Coptidis Rhizoma(P<0. 01),and reduced E2 and IL-1β levels in mice. Western blot and flow cytometry showed that the total alkaloids of Coptidis Rhizoma combined with exercise could down-regulate the protein expression levels of ERα,CDK4,CDK6,cyclin D1,CDK2 and cyclin E in cancer cells,block the transformation of G1/S in 4 T1 cell cycle,and inhibit DNA synthesis in breast cancer cells. The total alkaloids of Coptidis Rhizoma combined with exercise showed synergistic effect in inhibition of tumor growth in mice with orthotopically transplanted 4 T1 breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Animals , Breast Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neoplasm Transplantation , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Rhizome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805725

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical outcome of autologous thin split thickness skin graft with melanocytes for the treatment of large scar with depigmentation, caused by extensive burn.@*Methods@#From August 2016 to June 2018, autologous thin split thickness skin graft with melanocytes was used on 19 patients, who had depigmented extensive burn scar. They include 15 males and 4 females, aged 19-54 years. The operation was performed under general anesthesia or local anesthesia. Local mechanical abrasion was carried out at the depigmented surface of the scar, until the superficial dermis. The thin split thickness skin graft with melanocytes was transplanted to the wound at recipient site, followed by package and fixation. The package was kept for two weeks.@*Results@#After a follow-up period of 3-6 months, all the grafts survived well with satisfactory appearance. The defects at donor site healed well too.@*Conclusions@#Satisfactory outcome can be achieved with autologous thin split thickness skin graft with melanocytes for the treatment of depigmented scar caused by extensive burn.

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