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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of three approaches of parallel-style bilateral metal stenting in the management of unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction.Methods:Data of 118 patients with unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction (Bismuth type Ⅱ-Ⅳ) treated by endoscopic bilateral metal stenting in Oriental Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from January 2012 to February 2019 were retrospectively studied. According to the method of stent placement, patients were divided into three groups, both stents crossing the main duodenal papilla (long long-stent by stent, LL-SBS) group (53 cases), one stent crossing the papilla (long short-SBS, LS-SBS) group (53 cases) and no stent crossing the papilla (short short-SBS, SS-SBS) group (12 cases). The main outcomes, clinical success rate, stent patency, success rate of re-intervention of both intrahepatic systems and overall survival, were compared among the three groups.Results:There were no significant differences in clinical success rate [96.2% (51/53), 98.1% (52/53), and 91.7% (11/12)], median stent patency [9.2 (8.0-10.3) months, 11.6 (6.8-16.4) months, and 8.1 (3.7-12.5) months] or overall survival time [6.7 (4.6-8.8) months, 7.6 (5.7-9.4) months, and 7.1 (0.7-13.6) months] among the three groups (all P>0.05). The success rate of endoscopic re-intervention of both intrahepatic systems was 12/13, 0/10, and 1/5 in LL-SBS, LS-SBS and SS-SBS groups, respectively ( P<0.001). Conclusion:Parallel-style bilateral metal stenting is an effective endoscopic modality in the treatment of malignant hilar biliary obstruction, and LL-SBS may improve the success rate of endoscopic re-intervention to both intrahepatic systems.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of endoscopic placement of transpapillary parallel-style bilateral metal stents for malignant hilar biliary stricture.Methods:A total of 55 patients with malignant hilar biliary stricture (Bismuth Ⅱ-Ⅳ) were treated with an improved endoscopic drainage technique (endoscopic transpapillary parallel-style bilateral metal stenting) from January 2012 to December 2018 in Shanghai Oriental Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. The technical success rate, clinical success rate, incidence of complications, success rate of endoscopic re-intervention, stent patency and overall survival were analyzed.Results:The technical success rate of endoscopic placement of bilateral metal stents was 96.4% (53/55), the clinical success rate was 96.2% (51/53), and the early complication incidence was 13.2% (7/53). The median stent patency was 9.2 months (95% CI: 8.0-10.3 months), the success rate of endoscopic re-intervention of bilateral biliary systems was 92.3% (12/13), and the median overall survival was 6.7 months (95% CI: 4.7-8.8 months). Conclusion:This modified technique of bilateral metal stent placement is safe and effective for malignant hilar biliary stricture that is unsuitable for surgery.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885695

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of bilateral and unilateral metallic stenting in the treatment of unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction.Methods:From January 2012 to December 2018, a total of 300 patients with malignant hilar biliary obstruction (Bismuth type Ⅱ-Ⅳ) were treated with endoscopic metallic stenting in Oriental Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital. Ninety-four patients with bilateral metallic stenting (bilateral metallic stent group) and 94 patients with unilateral metallic stenting (unilateral metallic stent group) were matched and analyzed by propensity score matching. The clinical success rate, the total number of interventions, the stent patency and overall survival time were compared between the two groups.Results:The clinical success rate in the bilateral metallic stent group was significantly higher than that of the unilateral metallic stent group [98.9% (93/94) VS 78.7% (74/94), χ2=19.352, P<0.001], and the mean number of intervention in the bilateral metallic stent group was significantly less than that of the unilateral metallic stent group (1.2±0.5 times VS 1.7±0.9 times, t=-4.345, P<0.001). The stent patency time in the bilateral metallic stent group was significantly longer than that of the other group [10.0 (8.0, 12.1) months VS 5.7 (5.2, 6.3) months, χ2=19.789, P<0.001]. The median survival time of patients in the bilateral group was numerically longer than that in the unilateral group, but did not reach statistical significance [7.6 (6.3, 8.9) months VS 4.6 (3.7, 5.7) months, χ2=3.628, P=0.057]. Conclusion:Endoscopic bilateral metallic stenting is superior to unilateral metallic stenting in the clinical management of malignant hilar biliary obstruction unsuitable for surgery.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of ultrasound-guided transperineal systematic prostate biopsy(SPB)and cognitive fusion multi-parameter magnetic resonance imaging(mpMRI) suspicious transperineal targeted biopsy(CFTB) in the prostate cancer with different serum prostate specific antigen(PSA) levels.Methods:A retrospective analyses were performed in 527 patients with suspected prostate cancer who underwent ultrasound-guided SPB from January 2018 to December 2019 in Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated 6th People′s Hospital. According to the PSA levels, they were divided into group A(PSA 4-10 μg/L) and group B(PSA>10 μg/L). All the patients underwent ultrasound-guided SPB, 376 patients with suspicious mpMRI had two additional targeted biopsies. The detection rates of ultrasound-guided SPB and CFTB in prostate cancer were tested by χ 2 test. Compared with pathological results, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy of two methods were calculated and tested by χ 2 test, and a P<0.05 was defined as statistically significant difference. Results:Prostate cancer was detected in 319 of 527 patients(60.5%). One hundred and three cases of 198 patients in group A were diagnosed as prostate cancer, with an overall detection rate was 52.0%. Among them, ultrasound-guided SPB detected 72 cases of prostate cancer, the detection rate was 36.4%, sensitivity was 67.9%, specificity was 17.7%, accuracy was 26.5%, the detection rate, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of CFTB were 39.9%, 75.6%, 91.6% and 88.8%, respectively. In this group, there were no statistically significant differences in the detection rate and sensitivity of the two methods in the diagnosis of prostate cancer (χ 2=0.525, 0.005, both P>0.05), and the differences in specificity and accuracy were statistically significant (χ 2=108.340, 79.829, respectively, both P<0.05). Two hundred and sixteen cases of 329 patients in group B were diagnosed as prostate cancer, with an overall detection rate was 65.7%. Among them, 160 cases of perineal prostate cancer were detected by ultrasound-guided SPB, with the detection rate was 48.6%, sensitivity was 78.2%, specificity was 37.6% and accuracy was 49.5%. A total of 189 cases of prostate cancer detected by CFTB, the detection rate was 57.4%, the sensitivity was 89.3%, the specificity was 90.6%, and the accuracy was 90.2%. All the differences were statistically significant in group B(χ 2=5.131, 4.391, 61.339, 38.982, all P<0.05). Conclusions:When PSA is greater than 10 μg/L, CFTB has a higher diagnostic efficiency than SPB.When PSA is 4-10 μg/L, there are no significant differences between the two methods in the detection rate and sensitivity of prostate cancer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873632

ABSTRACT

@#Esophageal diseases include esophageal malignant diseases and benign diseases, with a high incidence in our country. Along with the development of the endoscopic technique, many of them which required medical treatment or surgery in the past can now be cured by endoscopic surgery. This article is an overview of long-term follow-up of endoscopic surgery for the common esophageal disease, such as early squamous cell carcinoma, esophageal stricture, achalasia and submucosal tumor of the esophagus.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and adverse effects of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in preventing neutropenia in patients undergoing sequential adjuvant radiotherapy after postoperative chemotherapy for breast cancer.Methods:A total of 43 female patients with breast cancer from January 2017 to January 2019 in Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute were analyzed prospectively. Twenty-one patients in the experimental group were given 6 mg of PEG-rhG-CSF subcutaneously 1-3 days before radiotherapy. In the control group, 22 patients were enrolled without PEG-rhG-CSF utilization. The lowest absolute neutrophil count (ANC), the number of days of radiotherapy interruption due to neutropenia, the number of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) used during radiotherapy and the occurrence of drug-induced skeletal muscle pain in the two groups were statistically analyzed.Results:No neutropenia fever was observed in the two groups during radiotherapy. In the experimental group, there was no case of grade Ⅲ neutropenia; while in the control group, there were 3 cases of grade Ⅲ neutropenia. The median value of the lowest ANC in the experimental group was 1.56×10 9/L, higher than that in the control group (1.37×10 9/L), with a statistically significant difference ( Z=-2.261, P=0.023). The median number of rhG-CSF used in the experimental group was 1, which was smaller than 2 in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.498, P=0.012). The median numbers of days of radiotherapy interruption due to neutropenia were 0 and 3 in the experimental group and the control group, with a statistically significant difference ( Z=-3.117, P=0.001). One case (4.8%) of drug-induced skeletal muscle pain was found in the experimental group and 5 cases (22.7%) in the control group, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=1.586, P=0.208). Conclusion:PEG-rhG-CSF can effectively prevent neutropenia caused by radiotherapy after postoperative chemotherapy for patients with breast cancer, and can reduce the interruption of radiotherapy and the use of rhG-CSF during radiotherapy, which is helpful to the smooth process of radiotherapy.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E331-E337, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862389

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of mechano-chemical coregulation in chemokine-induced calcium response of Jurkat T cells under fluid shear stress (FSS). Methods By using parallel-plate flow chamber combined with fluorescence microscope, the calcium response of Jurkat T cells on CXCL12 was observed to extract the corresponding characteristic parameters under static or flow state, with or without extracellular Ca2+, respectively. Results Immobilized CXCL12 could induce firm adhesion of the circulating Jurkat T cells, and the arrested cells increased with the increase of CXCL12 concentration. Force could trigger the calcium response of Jurkat T cells and sharply raised the activation ratio from 4% up to 75% when the FSS increased from 0 to 20 mPa. Under 20 mPa FSS, extracellular Ca2+ could stimulate quickly the calcium response by shortening the delay time (about 23 s), and enhance calcium intensity by prolonging the climbing time (about 7 s) and half time (about 20 s). Conclusions The cooperation between FSS and extracellular Ca2+ would accelerate and enhance CXCL12-mediated-calcium response of Jurkat T cells, which indicated a fast mechanosensitive pathway through ‘extracellular calcium influx-intracellular calcium store release’. The research results would contribute to understanding the process of T cells activation and providing the clue for relevant pathological and drug research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829276

ABSTRACT

@#Endoscopic resection and surgical resection are the two major therapeutic methods for early esophageal cancer. Endoscopic resection is safe and minimally invasive, but lymph node dissection can not be performed. Although surgery provides a rather thorough resection of the lesions and affected lymph nodes, surgical trauma brings certain negative impact on patients' long-term life quality. A comprehensive assessment of the patient's general condition, the risk of diseased lymph node metastasis, and the risk of the treatment itself is an important measure to optimize treatment decisions and formulate personalized treatment plans.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 745-750, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an diagnostic equipment with artificial intelligence (AI) real-time assistance under endoscopy (endoscopic AI equipment) for the detection of gastrointestinal protruding lesions, and to evaluate its performance and safety.Methods:From January to December 2017, at Endoscopy Center of West China Hospital, Sichuan University, the endoscopic images of individuals who underwent routine gastroscopy and colonoscopy were collected. The model was established based on convolutional neural network and the endoscopic AI equipment was developed. From June to December 2019, a prospective, single center, blinded and parallel controlled study was conducted to compare the differences in evaluation of protruding lesions of the same patient under gastroscopy or colonoscopy between endoscopist and the endoscopic AI equipment and to evaluated the impact of lesion size (lesions <5 mm and ≥5 mm) on the detection of endoscopic AI equipment. The main outcome measure was the detection time difference in reporting the protruding lesion between endoscopic AI equipment and endoscopist; and the secondary indicator was the accuracy of endoscopic AI equipment in detecting the protruding lesion. Wilcoxon rank sum test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 71 582 white light endoscopy images were used for endoscopic AI equipment training, which included 41 376 images of protruding lesions. The endoscopic AI equipment was successfully developed and obtained the registration certificate of medical devices of the People′s Republic of China (Sichuan Instrument Standard, 20202060049). The accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of endoscopic AI equipment in detecting protruding lesions were 96.4%, 95.1% and 92.8%, respectively. The detection time of each protruding lesions under gastroscopy of endoscopic AI equipment was 1.524 seconds faster than that of endoscopist; but the detection time of each protruding lesions under colonoscopy was 0.070 seconds slower than that of endoscopist, and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=-5.505 and -4.394, both P<0.01). The detection time of each protruding lesions under gastroscopy or colonoscopy of endoscopic AI equipment was not inferior to that of endoscopist. The detection rate of protruding lesions under colonoscopy by endoscopic AI equipment was 89.9% (249/277) and the sensitivity was 89.9%; the detection rate of protruding lesions under colonoscopy was 87.0% (450/517) and the sensitivity was 86.9%. There were no statistically significant differences in the detection time difference, sensitivity and missed diagnostic rate between the lesions <5 mm and ≥5 mm detected by endoscopic AI equipment under gastroscopy (all P>0.05). The sensitivity of endoscopic AI equipment in detecting the lesions ≥5 mm under colonoscopy was higher than that of lesions <5 mm (96.8% vs. 84.9%), and the missed diagnostic rate was lower than that of lesions <5 mm (3.2%, 3/94 vs. 15.1%, 61/405), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=9.615 and 9.612, both P=0.002). No adverse events on patients and medical staffs occurred, and there were no cases of equipment electricity leakage, and abnormal work reported during the use of endoscopic AI equipment. Conclusions:The endoscopic AI equipment can report the protruding lesions simultaneously with endoscopists, and the accuracy is close to 90%, which is expected to be a practical assistant for endoscopists to avoid missed detection of protruding lesions.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871442

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of the novel SpyGlass peroral choledochoscopy for the diagnosis of indeterminate biliary strictures.Methods:Data of 66 patients with biliary strictures assessed by the second generation SpyGlass were collected in the retrospective study from January 2018 to January 2019. The imaging characteristics and type of biliary strictures were observed. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of SpyGlass were evaluated with the results of pathology and long-term follow-up results as the golden standard.Results:A total of 20 benign biliary stricture and 46 malignant biliary stricture were confirmed by pathology, other imaging examinations and long-term follow-up results. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of SpyGlass were 100.0% (46/46), 90.0% (18/20), 95.8% (46/48) and 100.0% (18/18), respectively. Vessels of irregular morphology or brittle texture was the most common manifestation of malignant strictures under SpyGlass observation.Conclusion:The novel SpyGlass system can evaluate imaging features of most benign and malignant biliary strictures with high sensitivity.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871439

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic photodynamic therapy (PDT) combined with biliary stenting on treatment of patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or ampullary carcinoma.Methods:Data of 60 patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or ampullary carcinoma were collected in Eastern Hepatobiliary Hospital from September 2013 to December 2016, and patients were divided into stent group (n=36, undergone endoscopic biliary stenting only) and PDT group (n=24, undergone endoscopic PDT combined with biliary stenting). The clinical success rate, adverse events incidence, stent patency time and overall survival time were analyzed.Results:No significant differences were found on baseline data between the stent group and PDT group (all P>0.05). No significant difference was found between the two groups in clinical success rate [94.4% (34/36) VS 95.8% (23/24), χ2=0.060, P=1.000], and early adverse events incidence [41.7% (15/36) VS 62.5% (15/24), χ2=2.50, P=0.187]. The Karnofsky performance score of the first, third and sixth month after operation in the PDT group were significantly higher than those in the stent group (all P<0.001). The median patency time of stent was 102.0 d (95% CI: 73.9-130.1 d) in the stent group, and 119.0 d (95% CI: 96.8-141.2 d) in the PDT group ( P=0. 634). However, the median overall survival time was longer in the PDT group (327.0 d, 95% CI: 215.9-438.1 d) than that in the stent group (162.0 d, 95% CI: 125.0-199.0 d, P=0.006). Cox regression analysis showed that PDT was associated with a longer survival ( P=0.012), while distal cholangiocarcinoma ( P=0.016) and higher TNM staging ( P=0.001) were associated with a shorter survival. Conclusion:PDT with biliary stenting results in a longer survival and a better quality of life than the stenting therapy alone in patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or ampullary carcinoma. PDT, location of lesions and TNM staging are independent prognostic factors for the survival of patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871430

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of non-obstructive gastric retention before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with biliopancreatic disease.Methods:The matched case-control study included 109 patients with non-obstructive gastric retention before ERCP as the case group, and 218 patients without gastric retention as the control group. The patients′ medical records including comorbidities, preoperative medication and laboratory indicators were compared between the two groups. Multivariate conditional logistic regression models were subsequently used to determine the risk factors for non-obstructive gastric retention before ERCP.Results:Logistic regression revealed that the jaundice ( OR=12.359, P<0.001), opiates use ( OR=3.009, P=0.001), somatostatin use ( OR=2.445, P=0.033), fasting hyperglycemia ( OR=1.513, P=0.045), hypokalemia ( OR=4.634, P=0.001) and hyponatremia ( OR=1.805, P=0.023) were independent risk factors for non-obstructive gastric retention before ERCP in patients with biliopancreatic disease. Conclusion:Except for gastrointestinal obstruction, jaundice, opiates use, somatostatin use, fasting hyperglycemia, hypokalemia and hyponatremia are all risk factors for gastric retention in patients with biliopancreatic disease. Comprehensive evaluation and early intervention for patients showing these risk factors are needed.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 867-868, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869768

ABSTRACT

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors(MPNST) of the bladder is a very rare malignant tumor, usually secondary to neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1), with a few sporadic cases. This paper reports a case of 70-year-old man with bladder MPNST who underwent transurethral resection. Adjuvant intravesical instillation with gemcitabine was given after surgery, and there was no local recurrence and distant metastasis after 12-month follow-up. This paper also made a corresponding literature review.

14.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 926-930, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818349

ABSTRACT

Objective research the effects of metformin on proliferation and apoptosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell CNE-1 and investigate the role of miR-let-7a、IGF-1R in it. Methods The nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell CNE-1 was treated with different concentrations of metformin for 24h, then the proliferation activity of cell was detected by CCK8 method; the apoptosis rate of cell was measured by flow cytometry; the expression levels of bcl-2、bax and IGF-1R mRNA and miR-let-7a were detected by real-time quantitative PCR; the expression level of IGF-1R protein was detected by Western blot. Results Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation activity of metformin group decreased(P<0.05), and it gradually decreased along with the increase of metformin concentration. The cell apoptosis rate of metformin group increased(P<0.05 except for the 5 mmol/L group), and it gradually increased along with the increase of metformin concentration. The expression levels of bax mRNA and miR-let-7a were up-regulated in the metformin group(P<0.05), while the expression levels of bcl-2 mRNA,IGF-1R mRNA and IGF-1R protein were decreased(P<0.05). Conclusion Metformin could inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of CNE-1. The mechanism maybe related to the up-regulation of miR-let-7a and down-regulation of IGF-1R.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 603-607, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810796

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes meningitis (LMM) with complications, and analyze the outcomes of next generation sequencing.@*Methods@#Clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, imaging features, antibiotics treatment, and next generation sequencing of cerebrospinal fluid were analyzed in 3 LMM patients who were hospitalized in the Department of Infectious Diseases of Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from July 2015 to November 2017.@*Results@#The three patients were 1-year-old girl, 2-year-old girl, and 9-year-old boy, with normal immune function. They had eaten refrigerated food, milk or dairy products before onset. Symptoms included fever, headache, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and convulsions, etc. The complications of two cases (case 2 and 3) were appendicitis and Meckel′s diverticulitis. The other one (case 1) was with sepsis and pneumonia. Leukocyte counts in cerebrospinal fluid were elevated in all the three cases, and cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed meningeal or periventricular involvement. All the children were diagnosed with LMM by positive CSF culture. CSF for next generation sequencing was sent after carbapenem antibiotics using, yet all the results were positive. The positive results were returned 2, 9, and 9 days earlier than culture results, respectively. The gene coverage was 5.00%, 7.00%, 0.04%, and the reads was 2 561, 1 011 and 8, respectively. All the three children had recurrent fever despite using cephalosporin. Levels of leukocytes in the blood and CSF further elevated. After using carbapenem antibiotics, patients improved eventually and were discharged from hospital.@*Conclusions@#LMM can occur in children with normal immune function and is usually associated with digestive system symptoms. Listeria monocytogenes can be detected quickly and accurately by the next generation sequencing technology, without being limited to sampling time and antibiotics application.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797795

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate diagnostic efficacy of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for extra-hepatic bile duct dilation of unknown reasons which failed to be identified by traditional radiological methods.@*Methods@#Data of consecutive 892 patients who underwent EUS from February 2016 to September 2017 were retrospectively studied. Final diagnosis was determined by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-based biopsy, surgical pathology, or a follow-up of at least 10 months.@*Results@#A total of 82 patients with extra-hepatic bile duct dilation (width ≥ 7 mm) and mean age of 61.5±9.6 years were included. The width of common bile duct was 13.0±4.25 mm. Reasons for extra-hepatic bile duct dilation could be determined by EUS in most patients with abnormal liver function. No malignant causes were detected in patients with normal liver function. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of EUS were 92.7%, 100.0%, 96.3%, 100.0%, and 93.2%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#For patients with dilated extra-hepatic bile duct without clear etiology, EUS may be an alternative for determining the etiology of extra-hepatic bile duct dilation. For those with extra-hepatic bile duct dilation with abnormal liver function, malignant causes should not be neglected.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792058

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate diagnostic efficacy of endoscopic ultrasonography ( EUS ) for extra-hepatic bile duct dilation of unknown reasons which failed to be identified by traditional radiological methods. Methods Data of consecutive 892 patients who underwent EUS from February 2016 to September 2017 were retrospectively studied. Final diagnosis was determined by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-based biopsy, surgical pathology, or a follow-up of at least 10 months. Results A total of 82 patients with extra-hepatic bile duct dilation (width ≥7 mm) and mean age of 61. 5±9. 6 years were included. The width of common bile duct was 13. 0±4. 25 mm. Reasons for extra-hepatic bile duct dilation could be determined by EUS in most patients with abnormal liver function. No malignant causes were detected in patients with normal liver function. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of EUS were 92. 7%, 100. 0%, 96. 3%, 100. 0%, and 93. 2%, respectively. Conclusion For patients with dilated extra-hepatic bile duct without clear etiology, EUS may be an alternative for determining the etiology of extra-hepatic bile duct dilation. For those with extra-hepatic bile duct dilation with abnormal liver function, malignant causes should not be neglected.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733653

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of corneal biomechanics of intrastromal correction (INTRACOR) femtosecond technique to treat presbyopia.Methods A prospective,clinical self-control clinical trial was designed.Twenty-four presbyopic patients with emmetropia or mild hyperopia were enrolled in this study.The INTRACOR procedure was performed using the Technolas femtosecond laser in the nondominant eye.Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA),uncorrected near visual acuity (UCNVA) and spherical equivalent (SE) were recorded in preoperation and postoperative 12 months,and the quality of life of postoperative patients was evaluated.The corneal deformation parameters including highest concavity deformation amplitude (HC-DA),highest concavity peak distance (HC-PD),highest concavity radius (HC-R),non-contact intraocular pressure and the central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured using the Corvis ST visualization biomechanical analyzer in preoperation and postoperative 1 month,3,6 and 12 months,respectively.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to entering study cohort.This study protocol was approved by Ethic Committee of Affiliated Eye Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No.SDZYYDXYKYYLL2011.06).Results Compared with preoperation,UCNVA of all 24 (100%) eyes was improved at 12 months postoperatively with minimal or no change in UCDVA.The mean spherical equivalent was (+0.35± 0.29)D and (-0.37 ± 0.29)D before and 12 months after operation,with a significant difference beteeen them (t=-7.39,P<0.01).No significant differences were seen in the intraocular pressure,CCT and HC-PD values between preoperation and postoperative 1 month,3,6,12 months (F =1.273,1.347,2.434;all at P > 0.05).Compared with preoperation,the postoperative 1 month,3,6,12 months HC-R values were significantly declined,HC-DA values were significantly increased,with significant differences between them (all at P<0.05),and no significant differences were found in HC-R and HC-DA between the postoperative adjacent time points (all at P>0.05).Corneal aspherical index (Q Value) was-0.28±t0.10 at 12 months postoperatively,which was increased compared with the preoperation,and the maximum value added value (diff-K) of the central corneal curvature was (2.55±0.81)D.Conclusions INTRACOR treatment of presbyopia can effectively improve near vision,increase postoperative corneal biomechanical maximum HC-R and HC-DA,negatively increase the corneal central curvature increased aspheric index,which suggests that corneal biomechanics of central cornea is weakened after intrastromal femtosecond presbyopic treatment,and the hyperprolate mutifocal corneal shape is formed under normal intraocular pressure.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756266

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Objective To explore the effectiveness of endoscopic ultrasound( EUS)-guided holmium laser ablation for primary pancreatic implantation tumor in nude mice. Methods Pancreatic cancer cell line SW1990 were implanted into 204-6-week-old male balb/c nude mice to establish primary pancreatic implantation tumor in situ models. Then the nude mice were randomly divided into two groups, the treatment group(n=10) and the control group(n=10). The treatment group underwent EUS-guided holmium laser ablation in the pancreatic tumor. And no interventions were given to the control group. The volume of tumors of the two groups were measured under EUS at time points of 7 d, 14 d and 28 d after ablation. The activities, appetites and psychosis of all nude mice were evaluated in the meantime. At 28 d after ablation, lesions of pancreas were dissected and sliced for H&E staining. Results There were no complications in the treatment group, and all nude mice could tolerate the procedure. The mental state, activities and appetites of nude mice in the experimental group were better than those in the control group. Tumors of the control group enlarged. There was significant difference in the tumor size between the two groups at 28 d after ablation. HE staining showed coagulation necrosis in the ablation area. Conclusion EUS-guided holmium laser, producing coagulative necrosis in the ablation area, is effective for primary pancreatic implantation carcinoma in nude mice for about 28 days.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754557

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (ARFI) combined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in diagnosis of acute cerebral ischemia (ACI) in patients with carotid artery vulnerable plaque (VP). Methods One hundred and ten patients with carotid artery VP diagnosed by routine ultrasound admitted to Renhe Hospital Affiliated to Three Gorges University from October 2017 to January 2019 were selected as subjects, including 59 patients with ACI (ACI group) and 51 patients with non-ACI (non-ACI group) confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). All patients underwent routine ultrasound, CEUS and ARFI examinations, the differences in sizes of VP, shear wave velocity (SWV) and enhancement intensity (EI) were compared, and the diagnostic values of SWV and EI were evaluated by the analyses of receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results Two hundred and ten VPs were found in 110 patients, including 112 grade 1 plaques, 53 grade 2 plaques, and 45 grade 3 plaques, compared with grade 1 plaques, the proportion of mixed echo (MP) and strong echo (SP) in grade 2 plaques, and the proportion of all echo types in grade 3 plaques were all significantly different from that of grade 1 plaques (all P < 0.05); compared with grade 1 plaques, the proportion of grade 2 plaques with thickness ≤ 2.0 mm, and the proportion of grade 3 plaques with thickness ≤ 2.0 mm and more than 3.1 mm were all significantly different from that of grade 1 plaques (all P < 0.05). SWV in ACI group was obviously lower than that in non-ACI group (m/s: 1.91±0.54 vs. 2.41±0.57), and EI in ACI group was significantly higher than that in non-ACI group (dB: 3.62±1.13 vs. 2.81±1.05), the difference being statistically significant (both P < 0.05). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of SWV was 0.681 and the cutoff value was 2.21 m/s, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 83.05%, 80.39%, 83.05%, 80.39%; the AUC of EI was 0.638, and the cutoff value was 3.71 dB, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 79.66%, 74.51%, 78.33%, 76.00%. AUC of SWV combined with EI was 0.812, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 93.22%, 94.12%, 94.83%, 92.31%, significantly higher than those of SWV or EI alone (all P < 0.05). Conclusion In ACI patients, the SWV of VP decreases and EI of VP increases, the detection efficacy of SWV combined with EI for diagnosis of ACI has relatively high clinical value, as the combined diagnostic efficiency is significantly higher than that of either SWV or EI alone.

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