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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 158-161, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003527

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the binocular and monocular accommodation among normal group, premyopia group and mild myopia group, and to study the characteristics of accommodation in the premyopia group, thus providing clinical evidence for the delay/prevention of myopia and the effective decrease of the incidence of myopia.METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study. A total of 179 children who had abnormal/high-risk visual acuity indicated by the vision screening in school from October 2021 to February 2023 were selected, including 92 males and 87 females, aged from 6 to 12(mean 8.55±1.66)years old, then they were referred to the Juvenile Myopia Prevention and Control Center in Cuizu Community Health Service Center. They were divided into normal group(+0.75 D<SE≤+2.00 D), the premyopia group(-0.50 D<SE≤+0.75 D)and the mild myopia group(-3.00 D≤SE≤-0.50 D)according to the diopters after cycloplegia, and binocular myopia grouping is defined by the eye with lower diopter. Binocular positive relative accommodation(PRA), negative relative accommodation(NRA), accommodative facility(AF), and monocular AF and amplitude of accommodation(AA)were examined. The age, binocular and monocular accommodation of different groups were compared.RESULTS: There were no difference in the sex ratio of different groups(χ2=0.167, P=0.920). There was no difference in age between the normal group and the premyopia group(P=0.310), but there were differences between the mild myopia group and the normal group and premyopia group(P=0.018, <0.01); Binocular NRA, PRA, and AF had significance between the normal group and the premyopia group(P<0.01), while there was no significance between the premyopia group and the mild myopia(P>0.05). Monocular AF had significance between the normal group and the premyopia group(P<0.01), while there was no significance between the premyopia group and the mild myopia group(P>0.05); The monocular AA had significance among the three groups(P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Although the diopters was normal, binocular NRA, PRA, monocular and binocular AF had significantly decreased in the premyopia group, and there was no significant difference compared with mild myopia group; monocular AA had decreased in the premyopia group and it was also significantly different from the mild myopia group. The accommodation function should be examined in premyopic children. Recovering the abnormal visual function through visual training may be a way to prevent and control premyopia from progressing to myopia.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 80-83, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of remimazolam on gastrointestinal motor function in the patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy.Methods:A total of 262 American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-28 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective gastrointestinal endoscopy from May 2022 to August 2022, were divided into 2 groups ( n=131 each) using a random number table method: remimazolam group (group R) and propofol group (group P). The patients in group R received intravenous remimazolam 0.20-0.25 mg/kg, and patients in group P received intravenous propofol 1.5-2.0 mg/kg. The gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed when the patients′ Modified Observer′s Assessment of Alertness/Sedation scores ≤3. During fasting before gastrointestinal preparation, before gastrointestinal endoscopy and while leaving the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU), the concentrations of serum motilin and gastrin were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the intestinal peristalsis rating assessed by the endoscopist during the examination was recorded, the occurrence of hypotension and hypoxemia during the examination and occurrence of abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and nausea and vomiting during stay in PACU were recorded. Results:Compared with group P, the intestinal peristalsis rating was significantly increased, the serum motilin and gastrin concentrations were increased while leaving PACU, the incidence of hypotension and hypoxemia was decreased during the examination, and the incidence of abdominal distention was decreased during stay in PACU in group R ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Remimazolam has a milder inhibitory effect on secretion of gastrointestinal hormones than propofol in the patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy and is helpful for the recovery of gastrointestinal motility.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 462-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the actual effect of the use of personal protective equipment of the examined individuals, and provide reference and basis for the correct use of personal protective equipment and the radiological health administrative law enforcement.Methods:From February to June 2022, the imaging department of Qingdao Municipal Hospital selected 170 patients who underwent X-ray imaging examination (oral panoramic, dental radiography, DR photography, CT scanning), including 25 with oral panoramic and dental radiography, 60 with CT scanning and 60 with DR imaging. The thermoluminescent dosimeter was used to detect the ambient dose equivalent at the point of concern for 170 examined individuals who have used personal protective equipment to cover their sensitive parts, and to analyze the data detected at the same point as above when routinely using the same equipment.Results:There was a statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same points inside and outside the lead neckband ( t=-2.23, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same point inside and outside the lead collar during dental radiography ( P>0.05). During DR photography (chest PA, lateral and lumbar AP), the examined individuals were wearing lead aprons. Among them, there was a statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same points inside and outside the lead aprons of children′s chest PA and adults′ chest PA ( U=10.00, 19.00, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same points inside and outside the lead aprons of adult′s chest PA and lumbar AP ( P>0.05). When performing CT scan (chest or upper abdomen), there was a statistically significant difference in the dose equivalent at the same points of wrapped lead aprons( U=878.50, 11.00, P<0.05). Conclusions:The correct use of personal protective equipment is a complex technical problem. It is very important to fully and accurately understand the optimization principle of radiation protection and correctly use personal protective equipment for the examined individuals. The administrative punishment of radiation health on the use of personal protective equipment of the examined individuals should be cautious.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 528-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992631

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors associated with mortality in patients with severe traumatic liver injury (TLI) and to establish and validate an early prediction model for mortality.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 273 patients with severe TLI admitted to the ICU from the medical information mart for the intensive care-IV (MIMIC-IV) database. The cohort consisted of 176 males and 97 females, with age ranging from 18 to 83 years [35.6 years(25.7,57.5)years]. The patients were divided into two groups based on in-hospital mortality: the survival group (253 patients, 92.7%) and the death group (20 patients, 7.3%). The two groups were compared with regards to gender, age, cause and type of injury, treatment method, massive blood transfusion, comorbidities as well as vital signs and laboratory tests measured within 24 hours of ICU admission. Univariate analysis was used to screen for risk factors associated with mortality in severe TLI patients. Independent risk factors for mortality were determined using multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Lasso regression was used to screen for predictors of mortality, and a nomogram prognostic model was then established through a multivariate Logistic regression analysis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the discrimination of the model, while the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test and calibration curve were used to evaluate the calibration of the model. The model′s clinical applicability was evaluated through decision curve analysis (DCA). Internal validation was performed by the 200 Bootstrap samples, and external validation was performed by using 163 patients with severe TLI from the emergency ICU collaborative research database (eICU-CRD). Finally, the predictive efficacy of the nomogram model was compared to other trauma or severity scores.Results:Univariate analysis showed that the age, cause of injury, massive blood transfusion, chronic liver disease and laboratory tests measured within 24 hours of ICU admission, including temperature, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, shock index, platelets, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), mean red blood cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), blood glucose, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, anion gap, bicarbonate, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and international normalized ratio (INR) were associated with the mortality of severe TLI patients ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that age ( OR=1.08, 95% CI 1.03, 1.12, P<0.01), body temperature <36 ℃ ( OR=8.00, 95% CI 2.17, 29.53, P<0.01), shock index ( OR=9.59, 95% CI 1.76, 52.18, P<0.01) and anion gap ( OR=1.32, 95% CI 1.15, 1.53, P<0.01) were significantly associated with mortality in severe TLI patients. Lasso regression analysis selected 7 predictors, including age, body temperature<36 ℃, shock index, anion gap, chronic liver disease, creatinine and APTT. Based on these 7 predictors, a nomogram prediction model was developed. The AUC of the nomogram for predicting mortality was 0.96 (95% CI 0.94, 0.99), and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test indicated a good fit ( P>0.05). The calibration curve demonstrated excellent consistency between the predicted and actual probabilities, and DCA demonstrated that the model had good clinical net benefit at all risk threshold probability ranges. Internal validation confirmed the stability of the model ( AUC=0.96, 95% CI 0.92, 0.98), and external validation demonstrated good generalization ability ( AUC=0.95, 95% CI 0.91, 0.98). Moreover, the nomogram exhibited superior predictive efficacy compared with injury severity score (ISS), revised trauma score (RTS), trauma injury severity score (TRISS), sequential organ failure score (SOFA), acute physiological score III (APS III), Logistic organ dysfunction score (LODS), Oxford acute severity of illness score (OASIS) and simplified acute physiological score II (SAPS II). Conclusions:Age, body temperature <36 ℃, shock index and anion gap are independent risk factors for mortality in severe TLI patients. A nomogram prognosis model based on 7 predictors, namely age, body temperature <36 ℃, shock index, anion gap, chronic liver disease, creatinine and APTT exhibits good predictive efficacy and robustness, and is contributive to accurately assess the risk of mortality in severe TLI patients at an early stage.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1533-1543, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010620

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with the impairment of white matter (WM) tracts. The current study aimed to verify the utility of WM as the neuroimaging marker of AD with multisite diffusion tensor imaging datasets [321 patients with AD, 265 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 279 normal controls (NC)], a unified pipeline, and independent site cross-validation. Automated fiber quantification was used to extract diffusion profiles along tracts. Random-effects meta-analyses showed a reproducible degeneration pattern in which fractional anisotropy significantly decreased in the AD and MCI groups compared with NC. Machine learning models using tract-based features showed good generalizability among independent site cross-validation. The diffusion metrics of the altered regions and the AD probability predicted by the models were highly correlated with cognitive ability in the AD and MCI groups. We highlighted the reproducibility and generalizability of the degeneration pattern of WM tracts in AD.


Subject(s)
Humans , White Matter/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging/methods , Alzheimer Disease/complications , Reproducibility of Results , Cognition , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Brain/diagnostic imaging
6.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 409-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005847

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To construct the secretory expression system of insect cells to express the secretory TSHR A subunit protein in the ovarian cells of Spotoma oryzae (sf9). 【Methods】 A recombinant plasmid containing the target protein was constructed, and then the positive bacmid was screened out by the blue and white spots experiment. The verified bacmid was transfected into SF9 insect cells to obtain recombinant baculovirus. The virus was amplified, and the titer level was detected by virus plaque assay. Finally, Western blotting was used to identify the expression of the recombinant protein and optimize the expression conditions. 【Results】 During the construction of the protein expression system, PCR identification and sequencing results confirmed the correctness of the sequences of the recombinant plasmid and the recombinant bacmid. After the transfection of the bacmid, the signs of virus budding were observed in sf9 cells. The virus was collected and amplified. The titer of P1 generation virus was 2×107 pfu/m according to the plaque assay. The recombinant protein was identified by Western blotting and confirmed to be exogenous into the culture medium. The optimal condition for virus infection and protein expression was 72 h after the infection when the multiplicity of infection (MOI) was 1. 【Conclusion】 We constructed an insect cell expression system secreting TSHR 22-289 (55 ku), and the protein could be successfully glycolyzed. This system provides a preliminary basis for the construction and production of its industrial platform and also provides a useful tool for studies on TSHR protein and prevention of GO in the future.

7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 424-429, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003879

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship among the sense of organizational fairness, innovative self-efficacy (ISE) and innovative behavior in nurses. Methods A total of 392 nurses from a grade A tertiary hospital were selected as the research subjects using convenience sampling method. The Organizational Fairness Scale, Innovation Self-efficacy Scale, and Innovation Behavior Scale were used to evaluate the sense of organizational fairness, ISE, and innovation behavior, respectively. The mediate equation model was constructed, and Bootstrap analysis was applied for validation. Results The scores for organizational fairness, ISE, and innovative behavior among the nurses were (67.8±15.2), (23.9±3.5), and (30.5±6.7) points, respectively. Organizational fairness score was positively correlated with both innovative behavior and ISE scores [correlation coefficients (r) were 0.38 and 0.36, respectively, both P<0.01]. ISE score was positively correlated with innovative behavior total score (r=0.51, P<0.01). The results of the mediation analysis indicated that the total effect of organizational fairness on innovation behavior was 0.34 (P<0.01),with a direct effect of 0.17 (P<0.01). ISE plays a mediating role between organizational fairness and innovation behavior among nurses(P<0.01) with standardized mediation effect of 0.17, accounting for 50.0% of the total effect. Conclusion Organizational fairness can influence the ability of innovative behavior directly or through the mediating role of ISE.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 750-759, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965632

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess the hypoglycemic activity, and in vitro inhibition of α-glucosidase, inhibition of the advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and total antioxidant capacity were used to clarify its bioactivity. Furthermore, the potential hypoglycemic active chemical constituents in the aqueous extract of Osmanthus fragrans var. thunbergii flower were characterized using high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS) method. The result showed that in vitro inhibition of α-glucosidase of the extract (IC50 = 2.11 ± 0.26 mg·mL-1) were similar to acarbose (IC50 = 2.88 ± 0.32 mg·mL-1), and it inhibited the AGEs formation and the total antioxidant capacity in a certain extent. Based on the MS fragmentation pathway analysis of reference chemical acteoside contained in this extract, and related references, 73 constituents were tentatively identified from the aqueous extract of Osmanthus fragrans var. thunbergii flower, including 58 phenylethanoids, 8 caffeoylquinic acids, 1 flavonoid vicenin-2, and 6 common organic chemicals in plant. Furthermore, 8 unknown alkaloids were characterized in this work. Among of these chemicals, 61 phenylethanoids were supposed to be detected for the first time. In conclusion, this work disclosed the potential hypoglycemic active constituents of Osmanthus fragrans var. thunbergii flower.

9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 574-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981735

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical outcomes of mini-plate combined with wireforms in the treatment of Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included a total of 10 cases, including 5 males and 5 females, with 6 cases involving the left side and 4 cases involving the right side, of Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments. The age of the patients ranged from 35 to 67 years old. All patients underwent surgical treatment utilizing mini-plate combined with wireforms for internal fixation.@*RESULTS@#The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 18 months. Complete fracture healing was observed in all cases, with healing times ranging from 10 to 16 weeks. During the entire follow-up period, patients reported high levels of satisfaction with the treatment outcomes, and there were no incidences of incision infection, chronic wrist pain, or wrist traumatic arthritis. At the final follow-up assessment, the Mayo score for the wrist joint ranged from 85 to 95, with 7 cases rated as excellent and 3 cases as good.@*CONCLUSION@#Mini-plate combined with wireforms proves to be an effective fixation method for Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments. The early initiation of wrist joint exercises, strong fixation, maintenance of proper reduction, minimal complications, and high rates of excellent and good outcomes demonstrate the reliability and efficacy of this treatment approach.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Radius Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Wrist Fractures , Wrist Joint , Bone Plates , Range of Motion, Articular
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 254-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm(BPDCN).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, bone marrow morphology and immunophenotyping, treatment and prognosis of 4 patients with BPDCN were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#4 patients had bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes involvement, 2 patients had skin lesions, and 3 patients had central nervous system infiltration. Tailing phenomenon of abnormally cells could be seen in bone marrow. The immunophenotyping showed that CD56, CD4 and CD123 expression was observed in 4 patients, and CD304 in 3 patients. One patient refused chemotherapy and died early. Both patients achieved complete remission after the initial treatment with DA+VP regimen, 1 of them achieved complete remission after recurrence by using the same regimen again. One patient failed to respond to reduced dose of DA+VP chemotherapy, and then achieved complete remission with venetoclax+azacitidine.@*CONCLUSION@#The malignant cells in BPDCN patients often infiltrate bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes, and have specical phenotypes, with poor prognosis. The treatment should take into account both myeloid and lymphatic systems. The treatment containing new drugs such as BCL-2 inhibitors combined with demethylation drugs is worth trying.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dendritic Cells , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow/pathology , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy
11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 245-251, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971006

ABSTRACT

Advanced paternal age has been overlooked, and its effect on fertility remains controversial. Previous studies have focused mainly on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in men with oligozoospermia. However, few studies have reported on men with semen parameters within reference ranges. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective cohort study analyzing the reproductive outcomes of couples with non-male-factor infertility undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. In total, 381 cycles included were subgrouped according to paternal age (<35-year-old, 35-39-year-old, or ≥40-year-old), and maternal age was limited to under 35 years. Data on embryo quality and clinical outcomes were analyzed. The results showed that fertilization and high-quality embryo rates were not significantly different (all P > 0.05). The pregnancy rate was not significantly different in the 35-39-year-old group (42.0%; P > 0.05), but was significantly lower in the ≥40-year-old group (26.1%; P < 0.05) than that in the <35-year-old group (40.3%). Similarly, the implantation rate significantly decreased in the ≥40-year-old group (18.8%) compared with that in the <35-year-old group (31.1%) and 35-39-year-old group (30.0%) (both P < 0.05). The live birth rate (30.6%, 21.7%, and 19.6%) was not significantly different across the paternal age subgroups (<35-year-old, 35-39-year-old, and ≥40-year-old, respectively; all P > 0.05), but showed a declining trend. The miscarriage rate significantly increased in the 35-39-year-old group (44.8%) compared with that in the <35-year-old group (21.0%; P < 0.05). No abnormality in newborn birth weight was found. The results indicated that paternal age over 40 years is a key risk factor that influences the assisted reproductive technology success rate even with good semen parameters, although it has no impact on embryo development.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Paternal Age , Retrospective Studies , Semen , Fertilization in Vitro , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Oligospermia
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 337-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986075

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the flow field characteristics of the upper airway in patients with different adenoid hypertrophy using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Methods: From November 2020 to November 2021, the cone-beam CT (CBCT) data of 4 patients [2 males and 2 females,age range 5-7 years, mean (6.0±1.2) years] with adenoid hypertrophy who were hospitalized in the Department of Orthodontics and the Department of Otolaryngology at Hebei Eye Hospital were selected. The degree of adenoid hypertrophy in the 4 patients was divided into normal S1 (A/N<0.6), mild hypertrophy S2 (0.6≤A/N<0.7), moderate hypertrophy S3 (0.7≤A/N<0.9) and severe hypertrophy S4 (A/N≥0.9) according to the ratio of adenoid thickness to the width of nasopharyngeal cavity (A/N). The CFD model of the upper airway was established using ANSYS 2019 R1 software, and the internal flow field of the CFD model was numerically simulated. Eight sections were selected as observation and measurement planes for flow field information. Relevant flow field information includes airflow distribution, velocity variation, and pressure variation. Results: In the S1 model, the maximum pressure difference occurred in the 4th and 5th observation planes (ΔP=27.98). The lowest pressures and the maximum flow rates of S2 and S3 were located in the 6th observation plane. The airflow in S1 and S2 models completely passed through the nasal cavity. In the S3 model, the mouth-to-nasal airflow ratio was close to 2∶1. In S4 model, the airflow completely passed through the mouth; in the S1 and S2 models, hard palates were subjected to a downward positive pressure with a pressure difference of 38.34 and 23.31 Pa, respectively. The hard palates in S3 and S4 models were subjected to a downward negative pressure with a pressure difference of -2.95 and -21.81 Pa, respectively. Conclusions: The CFD model can objectively and quantitatively describe the upper airway airflow field information in patients with adenoid hypertrophy. With the increasing degree of adenoid hypertrophy, the nasal ventilation volume gradually decreased, whereas the oral space ventilation volume gradually increased, and the pressure difference between the upper and lower surfaces of the palate gradually decreased until the pressure became negative.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1121-1124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985436

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common type of spinal deformity, which progress rapidly in adolescence. Patients without intervention can cause serious cardiopulmonary diseases as well as physical and mental health problem. Early screening and intervention can reduce probability that progress to operation and improve the prognosis. At present, China has not carried out extensive screening for scoliosis, and has not developed a unified screening standard, resulting in cross sectional comparison between various studies. The article focuses on the current situation of adolescent scoliosis research and the dispute of screening and puts forward suggestions.

14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 682-690, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Primary trigeminal neuralgia (PTN) is a common cranial nerve disease in neurosurgery, which seriously endangers the physical and mental health of patients. Percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) has become an effective procedure for the treatment of PTN by blocking pain conduction through minimally invasive puncture. However, the recurrence of facial pain after PBC is still a major problem for PTN patients. Intraoperative balloon shape, pressure and compression time can affect the prognosis of patients with PBC after surgery. The foramen ovale size has an effect on the balloon pressure in Meckel's lumen. This study aims to analyse the predictive value of foramen ovale size for postoperative pain recurrence of PBC by exploring the relationship between foramen ovale size and postoperative pain recurrence of PBC.@*METHODS@#A retrospectively analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 60 patients with PTN who were treated with PBC in Department of Neurosurgery, Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College from November 2018 to December 2021. We followed-up and recorded the Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) pain score at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after operation. According to the BNI pain score at 12 months after surgery, the patients were divided into a cure group (BNI pain score I to Ⅱ) and a recurrence group (BNI pain score Ⅲ to Ⅴ). The long diameter, transverse diameter and area of foramen ovale on the affected side and the healthy side of the 2 groups were measured. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC) were used for analysis the relationship between the recurrence of pain and the long diameter, transverse diameter, area of foramen ovale on the affected side, and aspect ratio, transverse diameter ratio, area ratio of foramen ovale on the affected side to healthy side in the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#At the end of 12 months of follow-up, 50 (83.3%) patients had pain relief (the cured group), 10 (16.7%) patients had different degrees of pain recurrence (the recurrence group), and the total effective rate was 83.3%. There were no significant differences in preoperative baseline data between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The long diameter of foramen ovale on the affected side, the long diameter ratio and area ratio of foramen ovale on the affected/healthy side in the cured group were significantly higher than those in the recurrence group (all P<0.05), and there were no significant differences in the transverse diameter and area of foramen ovale on the affected side and the transverse diameter ratio of foramen ovale on the affected/healthy side between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of the long diameter of foramen ovale on the affected side was 0.290 (95% CI 0.131 to 0.449, P=0.073), and the AUC of aspect ratio of foramen ovale on the affected side to healthy side was 0.792 (95% CI 0.628 to 0.956, P=0.004). The AUC of area ratio of foramen ovale on the affected side to healthy side was 0.766 (95% CI 0.591 to 0.941, P=0.008), indicating that aspect ratio and area ratio of foramen ovale on the affected side to healthy side had a good predictive effect on postoperative pain recurrence of PBC. When aspect ratio of foramen ovale on the affected side to healthy side was less than 0.886 3 or area ratio of foramen ovale on the affected side to healthy side was less than 0.869 4, postoperative pain recurrence was common.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Accurate evaluation of the foramen ovale size of skull base before operation is of great significance in predicting pain recurrence after PBC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Foramen Ovale , Treatment Outcome , Trigeminal Neuralgia/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Recurrence
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 268-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982226

ABSTRACT

To comprehensively evaluate the human body's respiratory, circular metabolism and other functions, and to diagnose lung disease, an accurate and reliable pulmonary function test (PFT) is developed. The system is divided into two parts:hardware and software. It realizes the collection of respiratory, pulse oxygen, carbon dioxide, oxygen and other signals, and draws flow-volume curve (FV curve), volume-time curve (VT curve), respiratory waveform, pulse wave, carbon dioxide and oxygen waveform in real time on the upper computer of the PFT system, and conducts signal processing and parameter calculation for each signal. The experimental results prove that the system is safe and reliable, it can accurately measure the basic functions of human body, and provide reliable parameters, and has good application prospects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbon Dioxide , Respiratory Function Tests , Oxygen , Heart Rate
16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 799-804, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between hand plating system (HPS) and classic suture anchor fixation in the treatment of patellar inferior pole fractures.Methods:The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively of the 56 patients who had been treated for patellar inferior pole fractures at Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Northern Theatre Command from January 2018 to December 2019. They were assigned into 2 groups according to their internal fixation methods. In group A of 30 cases subjected to HPS fixation, there were 18 males and 12 females with an age of (61.7±11.3) years; in group B of 26 cases subjected to suture anchor fixation, there were 16 males and 10 females with an age of (60.0±10.5) years. The incision length, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, fracture union time, pain visual analog scale (VAS)and knee function one year postoperation, and follow-up complications were compared between the 2 groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability( P>0.05). The operation time in group A [(59.4±10.8) min] was significantly shorter than that in group B [(66.5±12.3) min] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incision length or intraoperative bleeding between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The bone union time was respectively(11.2±1.8) weeks and (12.1±2.4) weeks and the postoperative VAS respectively 0.85±0.12 and 0.91±0.14 for groups A and B, showing no significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The knee flexion angle (124.5°±14.6°) and knee Bostman score (29.3±3.5) in group A were significantly better than those in group B (113.2°±11.1° and 26.2±2.9) one year postoperation( P<0.05). Follow-up revealed no complication in group A but 2 cases of implant failure in group B. Conclusion:Compared with the classical anchor suture fixation, HPS may obtain stronger fixation, shorter operation time and better knee function.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1235-1244, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924734

ABSTRACT

The advantages of local administration are as follow: release drugs directly at the lesion, increase the drug concentration in lesion location and reduce the side effects of systemic administration. Thermosensitive gel is one of typical local administration agents. It exhibits the different physical characteristics with the change of temperature. It is sol-gel at low temperature or storage temperature, while when the temperature rises to the transition temperature or near the body temperature, it is semisolid gel with a certain viscoelasticity, and can recover rapidly. It can enhance the local adhesion, which prolongs the local retention time of drugs. As a result, thermosensitive gel can control and display the release of drugs, which can significantly improve the bioavailability of drugs. This review summarizes the characteristics of thermosensitive gel, thermosensitive materials, and its application in different parts: nasal cavity, eye, vagina, periodontal, skin, tumor and joint cavity, based on clinical needs.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 558-562, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922953

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of exosomes derived from hepatocellular carcinoma cells on the polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), and to reveal the novel mechanism of hepatocellular carcinoma formation. Methods Hepatocellular carcinoma cell-derived exosomes were isolated by ultracentrifugation, and the characteristics of exosomes were identified by transmission electron microscope (TEM), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), and Western blotting. The model of macrophage polarization was induced and verified by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the LSD- t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results TEM showed that hepatocellular carcinoma cell-derived exosomes were round or oval vesicles, LDS showed that the exosomes had a particle size of 172.65±2.34 nm, and Western blotting showed highly positive expression of the biomarkers TSG101 and CD63 in exosomes. There was a significant increase in the expression of CD68 after the addition of 15 ng phorbol ester to induce human-derived mononuclear macrophages for 24 hours to achieve adherent growth (1.00±0.25 vs 6.67±0.98, t =11.20, P < 0.001). Western blotting showed that compared with the control group (L02 cell-derived exosomes), the hepatocellular carcinoma cell-derived exosomes (at low, middle, and high doses) induced M2 polarization of macrophages and increased the expression of the markers Arg-1 and CD163 (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Hepatocellular carcinoma cell-derived exosomes promote M2 polarization of TAMs.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 353-363, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922911

ABSTRACT

Progesterone is currently the first-line drug for the treatment and prevention of threatened abortion and habitual abortion. With the gradual liberalization of China's childbirth policy, the number of elderly parturients has increased significantly. As a result, the market demand for progesterone and the individual requirements have been continuously improved. Clinical studies have found that the indications of progesterone are not limited to gynecological diseases, but can also be used for the treatment of renal colic, traumatic brain injury and other diseases. Existing progesterone preparations include oral capsules, intramuscular injections, vaginal gels, etc., but they can no longer meet the current market situation and the increase of indications. Improving existing preparations, developing new preparations, and opening up new routes of administration have become one of the directions of progesterone drug research. This article will review the research progress of new dosage forms in existing administration, new routes of administration and related preparation methods of progesterone.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1390-1402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015810

ABSTRACT

Chemokine signal pathways are important for the regulation of tumour metastasis. Chemokine receptors CXCR4 (C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4) and XCR1 (chemokine XC receptor 1) are involved in the metastasis of breast cancer, while the interaction between them remains unclear. Here we first identified the interaction between CXCR4 and XCR1 based on membrane protein yeast two-hybrid assays. Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) showed that XCR1 could competitively bind to CXCR4 to form a heterodimer (P < 0.01). Results of wound healing assays via transient transfection of XCR1 and CXCR4 into HEK293 cells showed that 41.55% of the migration area rate in the co-transformation group was lower than 58.75% in the CXCR4-alone group after adding 30 nmol/L S D F-β. The co-expression of XCR1 inhibited the cellular motility, possibly mediated by the SDF-1β (stromal cell-derived factor 1)/CXCR4 signal pathway (P < 0.05). Furthermore, CXCR4 on the cell surface after co-expression of XCR1 in CXCR4-EGFP transgenic HEK293 cells was detected by flow cytometry. And the result suggested that XCR1 could accelerate the internalization of CXCR4 into the heterodimer induced by 30 nmol/L SDF-1β (P<0.05), which increased the internalization rate from 14.38% to 64.10%. Finally, the phosphorylation of Akt and ERK, which were involved in cell proliferation and migration, respectively, were examined. After 10 minutes of SDF-1β stimulation, ERK phosphorylation in the CXCR4-alone group showed a 3.59-fold increase, whereas the increase of ERK phosphorylation in the co-transfected group was only 2.08-fold. Interestingly, heterodimer formation reduced the phosphorylation level of ERK and shortened the activation time, whereas the phosphorylation level of Akt remained unchanged. Collectively, our findings revealed the hetero-dimerization of CXCR4 and XCR1 and its effects on CXCR4-mediated cellular motility, receptor internalization, and ERK pathway phosphorylation. Therefore, XCR1-targeting drugs could be candidates for cross-desensitization of CXCR4 and might represent a possible option for inhibiting breast cancer metastasis.

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