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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 332-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the predictive value of the quick sequential organ failure assessment(qSOFA) score in septic shock after percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL).Methods:309 patients who underwent PCNL at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between May 2018 and October 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, there were 192 men and 117 women, whose mean age was (51.4±12.8)years (range from 20 to 79 years). There were 82 cases(26.5%) of hypertension and 23 cases(7.4%) of diabetes. There were 88 patients(28.5%) with positive preoperative urine culture.102 patients(33.0%) were diagnosed with staghorn calculi by abdominal CT and urinary tract abdominal plain film(KUB).78 patients(25.2%) had a history of urinary surgery. The qSOFA and SIRS were evaluated to all patients within 24 h after PCNL and the best diagnostic criteria was considered as qSOFA≥2 and SIRS≥2. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curves were constructed and the areas under the curve(AUC) were calculated to compare the discriminatory ability of qSOFA and SIRS with the post-PCNL septic shock. A univariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the covariates associated with post-PCNL sepsis. Then adjusted multivariate analysis was used to identify the predictive value of positive qSOFA and SIRS for the postoperative clinical outcomes including postoperative hospitalization days, postoperative blood transfusion, postoperative re-intervention, residual stone, planned readmission within 30 days and unplanned readmission within 30 days.Results:Among the 309 patients who underwent PCNL, 23 patients(7.4%) met the positive qSOFA criterion while 84 patients(27.2%) developed to SIRS. 7 patients(2.3%) were admitted to ICU after operation and were eventually diagnosed as septic shock, among which 6 patients met the criteria of qSOFA and SIRS. 8 patients(2.6%) underwent multi-channel operation. The median operative time of 309 patients was 85(56, 115) min. Postoperative calculus composition analysis showed that 64 patients(20.7%) were infectious calculi. Postoperative KUB showed residual calculi in 179 patients (57.9%). The median postoperative hospital stay was 7(6, 9) days. 10 patients(3.2%) received blood transfusion. 9 patients(2.9%) received re-intervention after surgery. There were 41 patients (13.3%) of planned readmissions and 16 cases (5.2%) of unplanned readmissions within 30 days. The AUC of qSOFA and SIRS was 0.900 and 0.799 respectively. The qSOFA had a higher specificity, positive likelihood ratio and positive predictive value(94.4%, 15.23, 26.1%)than that of SIRS(74.2%, 3.32, 7.1%)for septic shock. In univariate logistic regression analysis significant associations were observed between positive urine culture, stone size, staghorn stones, struvite stones, surgery history, operation time and sepsis after PCNL. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that postoperative length of stay( OR=1.237, 95% CI 1.048-1.459, P=0.012) and postoperative transfusion( OR=8.265, 95% CI 1.409-48.481, P=0.019) were closely associated with qSOFA after adjusting for covariates shown to be related to post-PCNL sepsis mentioned above. Conclusions:The qSOFA could be superior to SIRS in predicting septic shock after PCNL.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the radiotherapy-related factors affecting the survival of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients complicated with malignant pleural effusion (MPE)(MPE-NSCLC).Methods:From 2007 to 2019, 256 patients pathologically diagnosed with MPE-NSCLC received primary treatment. Among them, 117 cases were enrolled in this study. All patients were divided into two groups according to the radiation dose (<63 Gy and≥63 Gy). Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to further adjust the confounding factors (Calipers value=0.1). The impact of radiotherapy-related factors on the overall survival (OS) was analyzed by Kaplan—Meier method, log-rank test and Cox’s regression model. Results:Primary tumor radiotherapy significantly prolonged the OS ( P<0.001). The radiation dose escalation (36.0-44.1 Gy, 45.0-62.1 Gy, 63.0-71.1 Gy) of primary tumor significantly prolonged the OS ( P<0.001). The corresponding median OS were 5, 13 and 18 months, respectively. Before the PSM, univariate analysis suggested that radiation dose ≥63 Gy, gross tumor volume (GTV)<157.7 cm 3 and stations of metastatic lymph node (S-mlN)≤5 were significantly associated with better OS (all P<0.05) and T 4N 3 was significantly associated with worse OS ( P=0.018). After the PSM, univariate analysis indicated that radiation dose ≥63 Gy was significantly associated with better OS ( P=0.013) and S-mlN ≤5 had a tendency to prolong the OS ( P=0.098). Prior to the PSM, multivariate analysis showed that radiation dose ≥63 Gy was an independent favorable factor of OS ( HR=0.566, 95% CI 0.368-0.871, P=0.010) and GTV<157.7 cm 3 had a tendency to prolong the OS ( HR=0.679, 95% CI 0.450-1.024, P=0.065). After the PSM, multivariate analysis revealed that radiation dose ≥63 Gy was still an independent favorable factor of OS ( HR=0.547, 95% CI 0.333~0.899, P=0.017). No ≥grade 4 radiation toxicity occurred. The incidence rates of grade 3 radiation esophagitis and pneumonitis were 9.4% and 5.1%, respectively. Conclusion:For MPE-NSCLC, radiotherapy dose of primary tumor may play a key role in improving OS on the basis of controllable MPE.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and prognostic factors of radiotherapy combined with asparaginase/peaspartase-based chemotherapy regimen in the treatment of early stage extranodal natural-killer/T cell lymphoma of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT ENKTCL).Methods:267 early stage UADT ENKTCL patients were treated in Guizhou Cancer Hospital from October 2003 to February 2020. Among them, 229 patients received radiotherapy or radiotherapy combined with menpartaminase/permenidase-based chemotherapy regimen and 38 patients were treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy alone. The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated by Kaplan- Meier method, log-rank test was conducted for univariate analysis and Cox regression model was performed for multivariate analysis. Results:The 5-year OS and PFS were 67.2% and 61.5% in all patients. The 5-year OS and PFS in patients treated with radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy, radiotherapy alone and chemotherapy alone were 71.7%, 35% and 49%(all P<0.001), and 66.4%, 35% and 28%(all P<0.001), respectively. According to the NRI risk stratification, 246 patients treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy were divided into the favourable and the unfavourable prognosis groups. The 5-year OS was 93.3% and 64.3%( P<0.001) and the 5-year PFS was 91.1% and 56.7%( P<0.001) in two groups. For patients receiving radiotherapy with a dose ≥50 Gy and<50 Gy, the 5-year OS was 72.4% and 55.7%( P<0.001), and the 5-year PFS was 68.3%, and 36.5%( P<0.001). In the unfavourable prognosis group, the 5-year OS of patients receiving ≥ 4 and<4 cycles of chemotherapy was 65.5% and 59.2%( P=0.049), and the 5-year PFS was 60.7% and 50.6%( P=0.018). Univariate analysis showed that stage Ⅱ, ECOG≥2, primary tumor invasion, radiotherapy alone, NRI≥1(Nomogram-revised risk index), EBV-DNA≥2 750 copies/ml, radiotherapy dose < 50 Gy, and<4 cycles of chemotherapy were associated with unfavorable 5-year OS and PFS (all P<0.05), and CHOP-like regimen was the risk factor of unfavorable 5-year PFS ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that primary tumor invasion, ECOG≥2, and radiotherapy dose <50 Gy were associated with unfavorable OS and PFS (all P<0.05), and stage Ⅱ was the risk factor of unfavorable 5-year OS ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The prognosis of early stage low-risk UADT ENKTCL of is favourable. Sufficient dose of extended involved-field radiotherapy is an important curative modality in early stage UADT ENKTCL. Compared with radiotherapy alone, radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy can significantly improve the prognosis of early stage UADT ENKTCL patients in the unfavourable prognosis group. Full-course chemotherapy can significantly prolong the long-term survival in the unfavorable prognosis group. The chemotherapy containing asparaginase can significantly enhance the prognosis of patients with early stage UADT ENKTCL.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910483

ABSTRACT

In recent years, heavy ion beams have received great attention in the field of malignant tumor radiotherapy due to their radiation physics and biological characteristics. The high rate of local tumor control is one of its advantages, but the control rate of metastatic lesions is still crucial in the treatment of most malignant tumors. Clinical studies on the combined conventional radiotherapy and immunotherapy suggest that the combination of the two can not only control the primary lesions, but may also reduce or completely eliminate distant metastatic lesions. High linear energy transfer radiation, especially heavy ion beams, may have stronger potential in combined immunotherapy. Therefore, this article focuses on the basic research progress of heavy ion beams regulating anti-tumor immune effects and their combined application with immunotherapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910441

ABSTRACT

The prognosis of patients with brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is poor. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) significantly improves the prognosis of patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) sensitive mutation. EGFR sensitive mutations are associated with the incidence of brain metastases in NSCLC and may affect the efficacy of radiotherapy and TKI therapy. Both EGFR-TKI and radiotherapy are effective for EGFR-mutant NSCLC with brain metastases. Whether the combination of EGFR-TKI and radiotherapy may improve the prognosis compared with EGFR-TKI or radiotherapy alone has been studied. Retrospective studies have indicated that upfront radiotherapy, especially upfront stereotaxic radiosurgery combined with EGFR-TKI may be more advantageous in improving the prognosis, but it is still controversial. Therefore, clinical research progresses on the radiotherapy for EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with brain metastases were reviewed.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the establishment of radiation-induced heart damage (RIDH) SD rat models caused by irradiation of 15Gy/3f and the changes in early detection indicators, and evaluate the effect of irradiation combined with recombinant human endostatin (Endostar).Methods:75 adult male SD rats were randomly divided into the blank control group (C group), Endostar group (E group), 25Gy irradiation group (MHD 25 group), 15Gy irradiation group (MHD 15 group) and 15Gy irradiation combined with Endostar group (MHD 15+ E group), respectively. Blood sample was taken to measure the CK, CK-MB, LDH and CRP at 24h, 48h and 15d after corresponding interventions. After cardiac echocardiography at 1, 3 and 6 months, 5 rats in each group were randomly sacrificed and myocardial tissues were collected for HE and Masson staining. Two-way ANOVA was employed for statistical analysis. Results:Compared with group C, myocardial fibrosis were observed in the MHD 15 group at 6 months ( P<0.05), which occurred later than that in the MHD 25 group. Ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) were significantly decreased after 3 months in each irradiation group (all P<0.05), whereas the degree of decrease was similar among all groups (all P>0.05). The expression levels of myocardial enzymes and inflammatory cytokines did not significantly differ among different groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:In the early stage, exposure to 15Gy/3f irradiation can cause cardiac function damage in SD rat hearts, such as the reduction of EF and FS, and even lead to myocardial fibrosis in the late stage, which is delayed and less severe than high-dose irradiation. Irradiation combined with Endostar has no significant effect on radiation myocardial injury in rats.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of CD 8+ T cells in stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients before and after radiochemotherapy and evaluate its clinical value in predicting survival. Methods:A total of 795 patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ NSCLC who completed CD 8+ T cell testing from January 2011 to December 2017 were recruited (249 patients completed 1-3 tests within 6 months after treatment). The survival difference of patients with different levels of CD 8+ T cells and the prognostic value of the changes in the CD 8+ T cell level were analyzed. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan- Meier method and log-rank test or univariate analysis. The multivariate survival analysis was conducted by Cox’s regression model. Results:Before treatment, the levels of CD 8+ T cells in the peripheral blood did not significantly differ among patients with different clinical factors. The survival time of stage Ⅲ NSCLC patients with CD 8+ T cell levels of<26.44% was significantly prolonged ( P=0.043). After treatment, the levels of CD 8+ T cells were significantly higher than those before treatment. The levels were similar within 1-3 months, decreased after 4-6 months but still significantly higher than those before treatment. The median survival time of patients with CD 8+ cell levels of<43.90% after treatment was 22 months, significantly longer than 16 months of those with CD 8+ cell levels of ≥43.90%( P=0.032). Stratified analysis demonstrated no significant difference in the survival time at 1 month and 2-3 months after treatment ( P>0.05), whereas the survival time significantly differed at 4-6 months ( P=0.001). The multivariate survival analysis showed that CD 8+ cell levels of<43.90% after treatment was an independent prognostic factor ( HR=0.714, P=0.031). Conclusions:The effect of CD 8+ T cells on prognosis of patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ NSCLC is limited. After treatment, CD 8+ T cell levels are increased significantly. A certain increase in the CD 8+ T cell levels can prolong the survival time. The detection of CD 8+ T cell subtypes plays a more significant role.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possibility of CD 4+ T cells and CD 4+ /CD 8+ ratio in peripheral blood to predict the survival of patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to establish a Nomogram prediction model. Methods:The influence of CD 4+ T cells and CD 4+ /CD 8+ ratio on the clinical factors and survival of 682 patients pathologically diagnosed with stage Ⅳ NSCLC with no history of cancer treatment was retrospectively analyzed and the Nomogram prediction model was established. Combined with the changes of immune cells levels in 110 patients after treatment, the prognostic and predictive values of CD 4+ T cells and CD 4+ /CD 8+ ratio were verified. Countable data were analyzed by t-test. The survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test or univariate analysis. The multivariate analysis was performed by Cox regression model. Results:Univariate analysis demonstrated that CD 4+ > 43.15% before treatment significantly prolonged the survival. By multivariate analysis of Cox regression model, CD 4+ >43.15% was an independent prognostic factor to prolong survival for stage Ⅳ NSCLC. The Nomogram model was established and verified that the predicted and actual overall survivals were highly consistent. Further analysis showed that 43.15% as the critical value of CD 4+ T cell level significantly prolonged survival when CD 4+ expressed at a high-level before treatment, after treatment, before and after treatment, or combined with CD 4+ /CD 8+ >1.65. Conclusions:The baseline level of CD 4+ T cells before treatment in peripheral blood is an independent prognostic factor for stage Ⅳ NSCLC. The CD 4+ /CD 8+ ratio before treatment has limited value in predicting the prognosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the primary tumor volume change and timing of radiotherapy for patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR mutation during molecular targeted therapy.Methods:Simulated CT scanning measurement and analysis were performed to observe the volume changes of primary tumors before and after treatment with a time interval of 10 days in this prospective study. Positioning and volume measurement were terminated when the volume change was 5% or less between two time points before and after treatment or 90 days after treatment. Primary tumor radiation therapy was then performed, acute radiation-induced injury was recorded, and the implementation and simulation of related parameters of radiotherapy plans were compared.Results:Twenty-nine of 30 cases were included in the analysis (1 case dropped off). After EGFR-TKIs treatment, the volume of all primary tumors was decreased, but the shrinking rate was inconsistent with the speed. Until the last simulated CT scanning, the maximum and minimum shrinking rates were 90% and 28%, respectively. There was no case of termination within 30 days of treatment, and the average tumor volume was significantly decreased within 40 days and the average tumor volume significantly differed every 10 days ( P<0.001). After 40 days, the volume shrinking rate of primary tumors ≤5% gradually appeared, and one patient presented with a volume shrinking rate of >5% on 90 days. During this time, the average volume shrinking rate slowed down and became stable, ranging from 49.15% to 54.77%. Moreover, the average volume continued to gradually shrink after slight increase at 70 days. There was no significant difference in the average volume every 10 days ( P>0.05). After the termination of simulated CT scanning, the dose of primary tumor was (69±7) Gy for patients receiving radiotherapy. Two patients had grade 2 acute radiation-induced pneumonitis and 3 patients had grade 3 acute radiation-induced pneumonitis. In addition, 1 patient had grade 2 radiation-induced esophagitis. According to the technology and dose parameters of radiotherapy plan, simulated radiotherapy plans before and 40 days after EGFR-TKIs treatment were designed. The timing of implementation plan was significantly better than that before EGFR-TKIs treatment (all P<0.05), whereas it was similar to that at 40 days after EGFR-TKI treatment ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The primary tumor shrinking rate is gradually slowed down over time after EGFR-TKIs treatment in patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer. The average tumor volume is significantly decreased within 40 days and then the shrinking rate becomes slow. The tumor shrinking rate of each case is inconsistent. Radiotherapy at 40 days after treatment is probably the optimal timing to obtain high dose and control radiation-induced injury.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of three-dimensional radiotherapy for the primary tumors in patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer complicated with malignant pleural effusion (MPE-NSCLC).Methods:A total of 198 patients who were initially pathologically diagnosed with MPE-NSCLC from January 2007 to April 2018 were enrolled and divided into the untreated group ( n=45), drug group ( n=57) and radiotherapy group ( n=96), respectively. The short-term efficacy, overall survival (OS) and adverse events in the drug and radiotherapy groups were analyzed. The OS rate was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Clinical prognosis was evaluated by multivariate Cox′s regression model. Results:In the radiotherapy group, the objective response rate and non-response rate was 54% and 46%, significantly better than 25% and 75% in the drug group ( P=0.007). In the radiotherapy group, the 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-year OS and median survival was 47%, 18%, 6%, 1% and 12 months, remarkably higher than 15%, 3%, 2%, 0% and 5 months in the drug group, respectively (all P<0.001). Multivariate Cox′s regression analysis showed that radiotherapy for the primary tumors was an independent prognostic factor to prolong the OS ( P<0.001). Radiotherapy at a dose of ≥63 Gy and 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy tended to prolong the OS ( P=0.063 and 0.071). The OS of patients with EGFR mutation receiving radiotherapy combined with molecular target therapy was significantly better than that of those with unknown EGFR status treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy ( P=0.007). Addition of radiotherapy for the primary tumors did not significantly increase the incidence of adverse events ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Addition of three-dimensional radiotherapy for the primary tumors in MPE-NSCLC patients may prolong the OS and yield tolerable adverse events.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868593

ABSTRACT

Objective:The experimental animal model was established to unravel the mechanism of radiation-induced myocardial fibrosis and validate the role of recombinant human endostatin in aggravating the process of radiation-induced myocardial fibrosis via the TGF-β 1, Smad 2 and Smad 3 signaling pathways. Methods:Sixty male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following groups: radiotherapy (RT)25 Gy, recombinant human endostatin (RE) 6 mg/kg, RE 12 mg/kg, RT 25 Gy+ RE 6 mg/kg, RT 25 Gy+ RE 12 mg/kg and blank control groups. Five rats were sacrificed in each group at 1 and 3 months after interventions. The myocardial tissues were collected. The pathological changes were observed by Hematoxylin and eosin staining. The degree of fibrosis was assessed by Masson trichrome staining. The expression levels of TGF-β 1, Smad 2, Smad 3 and Collagen-I mRNA and protein were quantitatively measured by real-time PCR and Western blotting. Results:At 3 months after intervention, Masson trichrome staining revealed that the collagen deposition in the RT 25Gy and RT 25Gy+ RE (6 and 12 mg/kg) groups was more significant than that in the control group. In addition, The expression levels of TGF-β 1, Smad 2, Smad 3 and Collagen-I mRNA and protein in these groups were significantly up-regulated compared with those in the control group. Conclusions:Radiation with a total physical dose of 25 Gy can induce myocardial fibrosis in the SD rat models. TGF-β 1 and Smad 2 signaling pathways are the common signaling pathways of myocardial fibrosis induced by radiation combined with recombinant human endostatin.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the effects of recombinant human endostatin (rh-ES) on radiation-induced myocardial fibrosis.Methods:Totally 40 SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, including A group as normal control, B group receiving rh-ES with a dosage of 6 mg·kg -1·d -1, in traperitoneal injection, for 14 consecutive days, C group with local heart irradiation delivered to the precordial region of rats in five fractions with a dose of 25 Gy, D group receiving rh-ES as the same as B group and local heart irradiation as C group. At 1 and 3 months after irradiation, five rats were killed under anesthesia. Mason staining was used to observe myocardial injury and fibrosis. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of TGF-β1, CTGF and COL-I in myocardium. Results:Masson staining showed that no obvious myocardial fibrosis was found in group B at 1 month and 3 months after irradiation, while collagen fibers were distributed in myocardium in groups C and D. One month after irradiation, the result of semi-quantitative analysis showed that the CVF in group A was (5.20 ±0.75)%, which was significantly lower than that in group C (10.12 ±2.17)% ( t=4.74、4.93, P<0.01) and the CVF in group D (10.32 ±1.36), and the CVF of group C was similar to that of group D ( P<0.01). Three months after irradiation, CVF in group C (13.17±2.67)% was still higher than that in group A (5.23 ±1.32)% ( t=4.49, P<0.01), but lower than that in group D (16.92 ±3.58)% ( t=3.19, P<0.05). One month after irradiation, the expression of TGF-β1 in group A was 0.441 ±0.063, lower than that in group C (0.817 ±0.079, t=5.81, P<0.01). Three months after irradiation, the expression of TGF-β1 in group A was 0.501 ±0.110, lower than that in group C (0.832 ±0.150, t=4.19, P<0.01), and the expression of TGF-β1 in group D was 1.403 ±0.133, which was significantly higher than that in group C ( t=7.24, P<0.01). Conclusions:Radiation can cause the formation of myocardial fibrosis, and recombinant human endostatin may aggravate the formation of late radiation fibrosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734315

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Objective To investigate the impact of the changes of posttreatment karnofsky performance status (KPSpost) on the overall survival (OS) for patients with stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) underwent concurrent chemoradiation.Methods A total of 279 patients (male 198 and female 81) with histological confirmed stage Ⅳ NSCLC were enrolled in this study with a median age of 58 years old (range 22 to 80 years old).There were 166 cases of squamous carcinoma,87 cases of adenocarcinoma,and 22 cases of unclassified carcinoma,respectively.All enrolled patients received more than 2 cycles of chemotherapy and more than 36 Gy of concurrent radiotherapy.Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were applied to evaluate OS.Multivariate analyses were carried out by the Cox proportionalhazard model.Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to explore the related factors of KPSpost.Results There were 198 patients with improved KPSpost and 81 patients with decreased KPSpost,respectively.Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that the improvement of KPSpost was associated with longer OS.Logistic regression analysis showed that the improvement of KPSpost was positively related with treatment of more than 4-6 cycles chemotherapy concurrent with over 63 Gy radiation to primary tumor.The improvement of KPSpost also correlated positively with disease control rate (DCR),but negatively with PLT toxicity and radiation esophagitis.Conclusions KPSpost was an independent prognostic factor of OS for patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC underwent concurrent chemoradiation.Chemotherapy of 4-6 cycles and concurrent over 63 Gy radiotherapy dose to primary tumor,as well as DCR were positive factors for KPSpost improvement.However,stage 3-4 PLT toxicities and radiation esophagitis decreased the KPSpost.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805177

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical outcomes of skin and soft tissue expansion in the repairment of neck scar.@*Methods@#From March 2009 to May 2018, 15 patients with postburn scar contractures on neck, were admitted to the Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Karamay Central Hospital of Xinjiang. The patients include 12 males and 3 females, aged 12 to 48 years, with the mean age of 31 years. The scars were at 9 cm×6 cm-14 cm×11 cm in size. The tissue expander of 100-300 ml was placed subcutaneously, in the normal skin area on neck, on one or each side at the first stage operation. The first expander infusion was performed 10-14 days after surgery. The tissue expansion remains for 3-9 months, with an interval of 10 days of each infusion. After the tissue fully expanded, the expander was maintained for 1 month. At the second stage, the expander was removed, and the expanded flap was transferred to repair the wound.@*Results@#The expander exposure due to friction occurred in 2 patients. The final therapeutic effect was not affected, because of iodine gauze bandage. Blood supply of expanded flaps was good in other patients. The size of the expanded flaps was 12 cm×8 cm-16 cm×15 cm. All flaps survived after the second stage surgery. Patients were followed up for 0.5-5 years after surgery. The color and texture of flaps was similar to adjacent normal skin.@*Conclusions@#Skin and soft tissue expansion is a safe and effective method in repairing neck scar.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801709

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Objective: To evaluate effect of Canna edulis type 3 resistant starch(RS3) on weight loss and lipid reduction in obese hyperlipidemia mice and acute toxicity in mice. Method: KKAy mice were fed with high-fat diet for 20 weeks to establish a hyperlipidemia model and then randomly divided into model group,positive group (4 mg·kg-1), high-dose resistant starch group and low-dose resistant starch group (2,1 g·kg-1).Mice in normal group were fed with standard diet. The medication groups received corresponding drugs by gavage. Normal group and high-fat model group were given equal volume of deionized water. After 8 weeks,mice were put to death. The levels of total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride (TG),high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in serum of mice were measured,and weigh fat mass,fat/body ratio,body fat rate and Lee's index were calculated accurately. The pathological changes of liver and adipose tissue were observed byhematoxylin-eosin (HE). The acute toxicity of RS3 to mice was evaluated by limit test. The mice were continuously observed for 14 days, and the toxicity of mice was recorded. Result: The indicators of high-dose RS3 group were significantly reduced,such as body weight,fat mass,body fat rate,fat/body ratio,Lee's index,and serum TC,TG,LDL-C,AST,ALT levels(P-1 was administered,no toxic reaction and death occurred in the animals. Conclusion: RS3-type Canna Edulis Resistant Starch has a good effect in reducing body weight and serum lipid,with a better effect in the high-dose group and no toxicity. And the commonly used clinical dose is safe and reliable.

16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 859-864, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801333

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Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the role of extended involved-field intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for patients with early stage extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) in a single center, and to explore the long-term effect of risk-adaptive therapy.@*Methods@#Among 238 patients with early stage NKTCL, there were 191 in high-risk group [any risk factor of age > 60, elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score≥2, primary tumor invasion, or Ann Arbor stage Ⅱ] and 47 in low-risk group (no risk factor). A total of 204 patients received radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy, 15 received radiotherapy alone and 19 received chemotherapy alone. One-hundred and eighty-six patients had radiotherapy at a dose ≥50 Gy and 159 patients received chemotherapy with asparaginase-based regimen.@*Results@#The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and progression- free survival (PFS)rate of all patients were 66.2% and 57.5%. Five-year OS and PFS rates in low-risk group were 91.8% and 88.0%, while 59.3% and 49.3% in high-risk group. The survival of patients in low-risk group were better than those in high-risk group (both P<0.001). The five-year OS rate in combined therapy group, radiotherapy group and chemotherapy group were 71.7%, 52.3% and 20.7%, respectively (P<0.001). The five-year PFS rate were 63.5%, 23.3% and 24.1%, respectively (P<0.001). Among 219 patients receiving radiotherapy, the 5-year OS and PFS rate of patients with primary site radiotherapy dose ≥ 50 Gy were 72.6% and 66.1%, higher than those of patients with a dose <50 Gy (57.3% and 30.9%, respectively; P=0.031, P<0.001). In the high-risk group, the 5-year OS and PFS rate of the patients who received radiotherapy combined with more than 4 cycles of chemotherapy were 66.5% and 62.6%, higher than those of patients received less than 4 cycles of chemotherapy (56.7% and 46.4%, P=0.045 and 0.020, respectively). Cox multivariate analysis showed that ECOG score (HR=2.208, P=0.001), primary site (HR=4.887, P<0.001), primary tumor invasion (HR=3.265, P=0.001) and radiation dose (HR=1.895, P=0.011) were independent factors of OS in early NKTCL patients.@*Conclusion@#Extended-involved field IMRT with radiation dose more than 50 Gy was the main treatment for patients with early stage NKTCL. Radiotherapy combined with adequate cycle chemotherapy significantly improved prognosis of high-risk patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755093

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of primary tumor volume on the survival in the three-dimensional radiotherapy of primary tumors of stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods Clinical data of 428 patients in a multicenter prospective clinical study from December 2002 to January 2017 were reanalyzed,and 423 of them were subject to survival analyses.Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy was adopted.The median number of chemotherapy cycle was 4,and the critical value of planning target volume (PTV) of primary tumors was 63 Gy.The critical value of gross tumor volume (GTV) of primary tumors was 150 cm3.Results Single factor Cox regression analysis demonstrated that female,KPS score,single organ metastasis,N0-N1 staging,adenocarcinoma,radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy,4-6 cycles of chemotherapy,recent effectiveness,post-treatment progress in taking targeted drugs and GTV< 150 cm3 were good prognostic factors for the patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC (all P<0.05).According to the stratified analysis of different radiotherapy regimes,for the stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with a GTV ≥ 150 cm3,the survival rate of the primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥ 63 Gy on the basis of systemic chemotherapy was significantly better than that of the primary tumor radiotherapy dose <63 Gy (P<0.05).Conclusions Stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with GTV ≥ 150 cm3 in 4-6 cycles of chemotherapies combined with primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥ 63 Gy and GTV< 150 cm3 in 1-3 cycles of chemotherapies combined with primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy may prolong the overall survival of patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797679

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Objective@#To investigate the effect of primary tumor volume on the survival in the three-dimensional radiotherapy of primary tumors of stage Ⅳ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 428 patients in a multicenter prospective clinical study from December 2002 to January 2017 were reanalyzed, and 423 of them were subject to survival analyses. Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy was adopted. The median number of chemotherapy cycle was 4, and the critical value of planning target volume (PTV) of primary tumors was 63 Gy. The critical value of gross tumor volume (GTV) of primary tumors was 150 cm3.@*Results@#Single factor Cox regression analysis demonstrated that female, KPS score, single organ metastasis, N0-N1 staging, adenocarcinoma, radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy, 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy, recent effectiveness, post-treatment progress in taking targeted drugs and GTV<150 cm3 were good prognostic factors for the patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC (all P<0.05). According to the stratified analysis of different radiotherapy regimes, for the stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with a GTV ≥150 cm3, the survival rate of the primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy on the basis of systemic chemotherapy was significantly better than that of the primary tumor radiotherapy dose <63 Gy (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Stage Ⅳ NSCLC patients with GTV≥150 cm3 in 4-6 cycles of chemotherapies combined with primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy and GTV<150 cm3 in 1-3 cycles of chemotherapies combined with primary tumor radiotherapy dose ≥63 Gy may prolong the overall survival of patients with stage Ⅳ NSCLC.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800187

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Objective@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and prognostic factors of patients with early-stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of Waldeyer′s ring (WR-DLBCL) treated with CHOP-based chemotherapy.@*Methods@#A total of 137 patients diagnosed with WR-DLBCL admitted to our hospitalfrom 2006 to 2018 were enrolled, including 22 patients with stage Ⅰ and 115 patients with stage Ⅱ WR-DLBCL. All patients received CHOP-based chemotherapy, of whom 62 receiving rituximab and 87 receiving involved-field radiotherapy. The overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and local recurrence-free survival (LRRFS) were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank test, was conducted for univariate analysis and Cox’s regression model was performed for multivariate analysis.@*Results@#The 5-year OS, PFS, and LRFFS in the whole group were 78.6%, 69.5% and 83.2%, and 87.5%, 80.2%, 90.9% in the comprehensive treatment group, and 64.2%, 53.6% 72.9% in the chemotherapy group, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), international prognostic index score, large mass, rituximab, chemotherapy cycle and comprehensive treatment were the prognostic factors of OS and PFS. In addition, LDH, large mass and comprehensive treatment were the prognostic factors associated with LRFFS. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that LDH, comprehensive treatment mode and rituximab were the prognostic factors of OS. LDH and comprehensive treatment mode were the prognostic factors associated with PFS. LDH was a prognostic factor of LRFFS.@*Conclusion@#Patients with early-stage WR-BLBCL obtain excellent clinical prognosis. In the era of rituximab treatment, chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy remains an efficacious treatment of early-stage WR-BLBCL.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 251-254, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745501

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlations of plasma homocysteine(Hcy)levels with cerebral white matter lesion(WML)severity and cognitive impairment in elderly hypertension patients.Methods A retrospective case-control study was conducted.Ninty-eight elderly patients with hypertension were enrolled.Based on the presence or absence of hyperhomocysteinemia(hypertension with plasma Hcy levels ≥10μmol/L was defined as H-type hypertension),patients were divided into two groups:a control group(n =48) and an H-type hypertension group(n =50).The degree of WML was rated by the Fazekas scale using magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)analysis.Neuropsychological examinations including mini-mental state examination(MMSE)and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA)were taken to assess cognitive function.The degree of WML and cognitive impairment were compared between the two groups.Correlations of plasma Hcy levels with the degree of WML and cognitive impairment were analyzed.Results Compared with the control group,scores of the Fazekas scale(3.2 ± 1.0 vs.2.5 ± 1.0,P <0.05) and deep white matter hyperintensity on MRI(1.7 ± 0.8 vs.1.3±0.7,P<0.05)increased,and scores of MMSE(24.9±3.3 vs.27.7±1.8,P<0.05)and MoCA(18.6±3.9 vs.25.0±3.0,P<0.05)decreased in the H-type hypertension group.Plasma Hcy levels were positively correlated with the degree of WML (r =0.430,P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with cognitive function(r=-0.406 in MMSE and-0.663 in MoCA,P<0.01).Multivariate logistic regression showed that Hcy,fasting blood-glucose,deep WML,low-density lipoprotein cholesterolin,age and systolic pressure were influencing factors for cognitive impairment (P < 0.01).Conclusions WML and cognitive function are worse in elderly H-type hypertension patients than in hypertension patients with normal Hcy levels.WML and cognitive impairment are aggravated with increased plasma Hcy levels.The plasma Hcy level may be an effective clinical indicator of cognitive function in elderly people with hypertension.

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