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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 387-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different local complications of acute pancreatitis (AP) on the microcirculation of multiple organs in the upper abdomen.Methods:A dynamic volume perfusion computed tomography (DVPCT) scan in the upper abdomen was prospectively conducted in 101 patients with AP and 24 patients with neither AP nor other obvious upper abnominal lesions diagnosed in People′s Hospital of Deyang City from April 1 to October 31, 2019, 86 patients with AP (AP group) and 21 controls (control group) were enrolled in the study. AP patients were divided into no local complications group (21 cases), acute peripancreatic fluid collection (APFC) group (19 cases), acute necrotic collection (ANC) group (27 cases), walled-off necrosis (WON) group (11 cases) and walled-off necrosis with infection (WONI) group (8 cases). The blood flow (BF) of pancreas, liver, spleen, two kidneys and adrenal glands was measured by deconvolution. The hepatic arterial perfusion (HAP), hepatic portal perfusion (HPP) and hepatic perfusion index (HPI) of each group were calculated by maximum slope. T test was used for statistical analysis. Results:The BF of pancreas, spleen and left adrenal gland of ANC group was (139.89±34.28), (141.42±47.85) and (107.87±26.41) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1, respectively, the BF of pancreas, spleen and left adrenal gland of WON group was (130.00±44.83), (106.12±38.16) and (98.38±41.39) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1 respectively, and the BF of pancreas, spleen and left adrenal gland of WONI group was (127.91±35.86), (102.09±23.73) and (105.66±27.01) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1, respectively, which were all lower than those of control group ((161.22±31.60), (174.00±62.73) and (134.53±36.36) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.440, 2.043, 2.943; 2.296, 3.796, 2.548; 2.448, 4.479, 2.154; all P<0.05). The BF of left kidney cortex of WONI group was lower than that of control group ((247.44±39.32) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1 vs. (294.80±39.13) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1), and the difference were statistically significant ( t=2.910, P<0.05). The HAP of ANC group, WON group and WONI group was (18.63±9.54), (19.10±7.47) and (19.51±6.26) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1, respectively, and the HPI was (25.01±15.51)%, (45.98±31.42)% and (35.92±24.95)%, respectively, which were all higher than those of control group ((12.18±5.14) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1 and (13.44±6.49)%), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.997, 3.088, 3.235; 3.503, 3.397, 2.517; all P<0.05) . The HPP of ANC group, WON group and WONI group was (72.37±21.76), (48.83±35.10) and (57.55±29.45) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1, respectively, which were all lower than that of control group ((86.43±17.98) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.391, 3.331 and 3.226, all P<0.05). The HAP and HPI of APFC group were both higher than those of control group ((18.67±10.24) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1 vs. 12.18±5.14) mL·min -1·(100 g) -1 and (23.75±20.41)% vs. (13.44±6.49)%), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.572 and 2.108, both P<0.05) . Conclusions:AP complicated with ANC, WON and WONI can reduce the BF of pancreas, spleen and left adrenal gland, and WONI can induce the decrease of BF of left kindney cortex. AP complicated with ANC, WON and WONI can increase HAP and HPI, but decrease HPP. Furthermore, AP complicated with APFC can increase HAP.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 423-429, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868303

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of one-stop dynamic volume perfusion CT (dVPCT) in upper abdomen, and its feasibility of replacing conventional enhanced CT, perfusion, and angiography.Methods:A total of 94 patients with upper abdominal perfusion examinations were retrospectively enrolled in Deyang People's Hospital of Sichuan Province from April 2017 to June 2019. The data of another 64 patients underwent routine upper abdominal enhancement with 64-slice CT (28 patients) and dual-source CT (26 patients) were analyzed in the same period. The radiation dose and image quality were compared. According to different contrast agent concentration and dosage, 4 perfusion groups and 2 conventional enhanccement groups were divided, including 60 ml iohexol group (350 mg/ml) and 60 ml ultravist group (370 mg/ml), 60 ml and 80 ml iomeprol group (400 mg/ml), 64-slice routine group and dual-source CT routine group. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the liver, pancreas and abdominal aorta images in the arterial and portal vein phases were measured by two radiologists in a blinded way. Subjective image quality was evaluated by two radiologists using a 5-point Likert Scale in a blinded method. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance and kappa test. Imaging findings and typical cases of perfusion were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Radiation dose: the effective dose of each perfusion group was lower than that of the 64-slice spiral CT scan, but higher than that of the dual-source CT routine scan. The SNR and CNR of the 80 ml iomeprol dVPCT group were better than that of 64-slice spiral CT and dual-source CT routine scan ( P<0.05), and were better than that of 60 ml iohexol, ultravist and iomeprol dVPCT groups ( P<0.05). However, the subjective index was lower than that of the dual-source CT routine scan group ( P<0.05). The comprehensive information of multi-phase images, vascular images and perfusion quantitative parameters of volume perfusion data reconstruction in this group is superior to conventional enhanced CT in the detection of lesions, visualization of normal tissues and blood vessels. Conclusion:One-stop dVPCT imaging of the upper abdomen has lower radiation dose with good image quality and more diagnostic information. dVPCT with 80 ml Iomeprol (400 mg/ml) can obtain much better images.

3.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 569-571,588, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752397

ABSTRACT

Objective Toexploretheimagingcharacteristicsofileocecaltuberculosisbycontrast-enhancedCT.Methods TheCT findingsof16ileocecaltuberculosispatientswereretrospectivelyanalyzed.AllcasesunderwentplainandenhancedCTscan.Results 14casesshowedinhomogeneousthickeningoftheintestinalwallandnarrowingofthelumen,and2casesshowedextensiveanduniform thickeningoftheintestinalwallwithnoobviousnarrowingofthelumen.Theenhancedimagesshowedthat13caseswereobviously heterogeneousenhancement,2caseswerering-likeenhancement,and1casewashomogeneousenhancement.Blurredserosasurface wasseeninallpatients,withsurroundingexudationin14casesandperitoneuminvolvementin12cases.Inallcases,enlargedlymph nodeswerefoundneartheabdominalaortaandonmesentery,withhomogeneousenhancementin10cases,annularenhancementin5casesand calcificationin1case.Conclusion Ileocecaltuberculosisismainlycharacterizedbyinhomogeneousthickeningandheterogeneousenhancementofthe intestinalwall,aswellasnarrowingofthelumen.Thereisoftenobviousexudationaroundtheintestines.Ileocecaltuberculosisoften combineswithenlargedlymphnodesandintrapulmonarytuberculosis.TheenhancedCTscanisofgreatvaluefortheevaluationofileocecal tuberculosis.

4.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 358-361, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696815

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of multimodal MRI in differential diagnosis of lung squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.Methods Routine sequence,diffusion weighted imaging(DWI)and dynamic enhancement images about 1 6 squamous cell carcinoma and 21 adenocarcinoma patients were analyzed retrospectively.Taken a record about the size,edge,internal signal, enhancement types and apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC)values when b=600 s/mm2,and the difference in the degree of pathological differentiation was studied.Results The average diameter of squamous cell carcinoma was (4.17±2.0)cm,while adenocarcinoma was (3.81±1.8)cm,lobulated and spiculation were the most common signs in both of them.Squamous cell carcinoma showed low T1signal in 12 cases(75%),low T2signal in 7 cases(43.7%),adenocarcinoma showed high T1signal in 10 cases(47.6%),high T2 signal in 14 cases(66.7%).Squamous cell carcinoma had lower ADC value than adenocarcinoma(1.27×10-3mm2/s vs 1.38×10-3mm2/s), and well differentiated tumors had higher ADC values than poor ones,it was statistically significant.The most common time-signal intensity curves were type A in squamous cell carcinoma(62.5%)and type B in adenocarcinoma(50%).Conclusion MRI findings of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are associated with the biological characteristics,squamous cell carcinoma has shorter T2signal and adenocarcinoma has shorter T1signal.Squamous cell carcinoma has lower ADC value than adenocarcinoma and is dominated by outflow curve (type A),these features are helpful in subtype and differential diagnosis.

5.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 1146-1149, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669105

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and analyze the clinical outcomes of perfluoropropane (C3 Fs) injection and laser photocoagulation on myopic foveoschisis.Methods A total of 14 patients (18 eyes) diagnosed as myopic foveoschisis were enrolled in this retrospective study.All patients received intraocular tamponade of 0.5-0.7 mL C3 F8,and after 1 week,underwent macular photocoagulation.These patients were given the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination for central foveal thickness (CFT) and maximal macular thickness (MMT) before and after treatment.Results OCT examination showed that the mean CFT decreased significantly from (494.00 ±454.80) iμm before treatment to (193.61 ± 97.42) μm at the last follow-up,with statistical significance (P =0.01),and the mean MMT decreased from (687.33 ± 385.15)pμn to (331.06 ± 109.31)μm at the same duration,approaching significant difference (P =0.001).The foveoschisis healed completely and partially in 14 eyes at the last follow-up,the mean CFT decreased significantly from (567.36 ±493.01) μm before treatment to (171.43 ± 90.84) μm after treatment,with statistical significance (P =0.006),and the mean MMT decreased from (744.14 ± 417.38)μm to (303.86 ± 8.62)prn at the same duration,approaching significant difference (P =0.002).Patients' BCVA before treatment was (0.94 ± 0.39) logMAR,of which 13 eyes had BCVA < 0.6 logMAR,and increased to (0.92 ± 0.36) logMAR at the last follow-up,with no significant difference (P =0.78).The foveoschisis healed completely and partially in 14 eyes,and the BCVA was (1.04 ± 0.37) logMAR before treatment,up to (0.90 ± 0.34) logMAR after treatment,and the difference was not statistically significant (P =0.16).At the last follow-up,the vision of 4 eyes was increased by 2 lines and above,and unchanged in 10 eyes.All patients had no visual symptoms such as dark spots and no increase in intraocular pressure after treatment.Conclusion Intraocular C3 F8 tamponade and macular photocoagulation can be an satisfying alternative treatment for patients with myopic foveoschisis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662924

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pattern of cystic duct (CD) drainage into hepatic ducts (CDIHD) by using three dimensional magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (3D M RCP) combined with conventional MRI sequences.Methods Thirty-eight patients with CDIHD were studied retrospectively and they served as the observation group.Another 38 patients who had no CDIHD were selected randomly and they served as the control group.The hepatic bile duct where the CD drained in the observation group,the site where the common hepatic duct (CCHD) started,and the types of the intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) in the two groups were analyzed.The types of the IHBD were classified according to the modified Couinaud's criteria.Results There were 26 patients who had their CD draining into the right liver bile ducts,9 into the incomplete common hepatic duct,and 3 into the left hepatic duct in the observation group.For the types of IHBD in the observation/control groups,type A was observed in 15/19 patients,type B in 0/6,type C in 22/1,type D in 0/9,type E in 0/2,and type F in 1/1,respectively.The differences were significant (P < 0.05).The number of patients who had their CCHD starting in the porta hepatis,superior duodenal bulb,posterior duodenal bulb,and pancreatic head in the observation/control groups,were 1/36,19/2,17/0,1/0,respectively.The differences were also significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion In patients with CDIHD,CD most commonly drained into the right hepatic duct.Patients with CDIHD had a different IHBD type,and the IHBD confluence was lower.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661025

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the pattern of cystic duct (CD) drainage into hepatic ducts (CDIHD) by using three dimensional magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (3D M RCP) combined with conventional MRI sequences.Methods Thirty-eight patients with CDIHD were studied retrospectively and they served as the observation group.Another 38 patients who had no CDIHD were selected randomly and they served as the control group.The hepatic bile duct where the CD drained in the observation group,the site where the common hepatic duct (CCHD) started,and the types of the intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) in the two groups were analyzed.The types of the IHBD were classified according to the modified Couinaud's criteria.Results There were 26 patients who had their CD draining into the right liver bile ducts,9 into the incomplete common hepatic duct,and 3 into the left hepatic duct in the observation group.For the types of IHBD in the observation/control groups,type A was observed in 15/19 patients,type B in 0/6,type C in 22/1,type D in 0/9,type E in 0/2,and type F in 1/1,respectively.The differences were significant (P < 0.05).The number of patients who had their CCHD starting in the porta hepatis,superior duodenal bulb,posterior duodenal bulb,and pancreatic head in the observation/control groups,were 1/36,19/2,17/0,1/0,respectively.The differences were also significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion In patients with CDIHD,CD most commonly drained into the right hepatic duct.Patients with CDIHD had a different IHBD type,and the IHBD confluence was lower.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>OBJECTIVE : To study the anti-atherosclerotic mechanism of bear bile powder (BBP) in Shexiang Tongxin Dripping Pill (STDP) , and to provide scientific evidence for treating atherosclerosis (AS) by its therapeutic characteristics of cool resuscitation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>AS model was duplicated using ApoE-/- gene knocked mice fed with high-fat diet. Thirty ApoE-/- deficient male mice were divided into four groups according to body weight using random digit table, i.e., the model group (A, n =9), the STDP group (B, n=E7), the STDP without BBP group (C, n =7), and the BBP group (D, n =9). Besides, another 9 C57BL/6J male mice of the same age were recruited as a normal control group (E). All mice in Group B, C, and D were respectively administered with corresponding drugs (30, 30, and 0. 33 mg/kg) by gastrogavage. Equal volume of normal saline was administered to mice in Group A and E. All medication lasted for 8 successive weeks. Serum levels of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor a (TNF-α), interferon y (IFNγ), and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) were measured by ELISA. Serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), activities of glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined using biochemical assay. Contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the aortic root was detected by dihydroethidum (DHE) fluorescent probe. Expression levels of microRNAs (such as miR-20, miR-21, miR-126, and miR-155) were detected by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The fluorescence intensity of the aorta was obviously enhanced in Group A. But it was obviously attenuated in Group B, C, and D, and the attenuation was the most in Group B. Compared with Group E, serum levels of IL-2, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, oxLDL, and MDA all increased (P <0. 01), GSH contents and SOD activities decreased (P <0. 01), expression levels of miR-126, miR-21, and miR-155 in aorta increased (P <0. 01), and the expression level of miR-20 decreased in Group A (P<0. 01). Compared with Group A, serum levels of IL-2, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, oxLDL, and MDA were all down-regulated (P <0. 01), GSH contents and SOD activities were up-regulated (P <0. 01), expression levels of miR-126, miR-21, and miR-155 in aorta were down-regulated in Group B, C, and D (P <0. 01). The expression level of miR20 was up-regulated in Group B and D (P <0. 01). Compared with Group B, serum levels of IL-2, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ increased (P <0.01); GSH contents and SOD activities decreased, levels of MDA and oxLDL increased (P <0. 01) in Group C and D. Expression levels of miR-20 and miR-155 were down-regulated in Group C and D (P <0. 01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>STDP played roles in significantly regulating inflammatory factors and oxidative stress factors. Its mechanism might be possibly associated with regulating expressions of miR-126, miR-21, miR-155, and miR-20 in aorta. BBP played significant roles in STDP.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta , Apolipoproteins E , Metabolism , Atherosclerosis , Bile , Cytokines , Diet, High-Fat , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL , Metabolism , Male , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oxidative Stress , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Drug Therapy , Reactive Oxygen Species , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , Ursidae
9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 580-583, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461512

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of MSCT and MRI in diagnosis of early postoperative complications of inguinal hernia repair (IHR).Methods Imaging and clinical data in 1 6 patients with early complications of IHR were analyzed retrospectively.Re-sults Among the complications,postoperative infection in 2 was found including incision infection in 1 and groin cellulitis in other 1. CT showed swelling abdominal wall and heterogeneous enhancement for incision infection,and inguinal mass,deep inguinal ring thickening,edema of residual sac with fluid and air collections for groin cellulitis.Seroma was found in 8,and CT and MRI demon-strated residual sac effusion,spermatic cord thickening and spermatic vascular tortuosity.Residual sac edema was found in 4,and CT and MRI showed thickening spermatic cord without effusion in residual sac or scrotum.Effusions between patch and anterior abdom-inal wall were detected by MRI in 2,one of which was accompanied by patch shrinking.Conclusion With specific clinical background for early complications of IHR,MSCT and MRI provide more anatomical information of inguinal region,which may contribute to di-agnosis and treatment of early postoperative complications.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1130-1132, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396038

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the information of head injury caused by the major earthquake of Wenehuan and the diagnostic value of muhi-slice spiral CT(MSCT). Methods A total of 1557 earthquake victims were hospitalized, of which head CT scan was performed in 292 eases, and abnormalities were found in 225 of them. The composition, type of injury and MSCT findings of head injury were retrospectively analyzed. Results CT abnormalities were found in 225 victims, including 66 cases of skull fracture,50 eases of cerebral contusion and laceration, 55 eases of intracranial hematoma, 16 cases of subaraehnoid hemorrhage, 16 eases of subdural collection of fluid,20 eases of foreign substance of scalp,and 2 eases of traumatic cerebral infarction. Operation was performed in 22 of them. Conclusion The incidence of head injury in earthquake was high, and most of them were not severe. The examination of MSCT was rapid, MPR and 3D images can clearly show the lesion of craniocerebral trauma. MSCT can provide more valuable information for clinical therapy in craniecerebral trauma caused by earthquake.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-557815

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the CT features and the role of CT in the diagnosis of Crohn′s disease. Methods CT manifestations of 18 patients with pathology confirmed Crohn′s disease were retrospectively analyzed. The majority of the patients were scanned with spiral CT or multidetector row CT.Results All 18 patients, segmental thickening of the bowel wall was detected. There were two different appearances in contrast-enhanced CT scans: (1) mural thickening without enhancement or mural stratification, and homogeneous attenuation in the thickened wall were observed in 7 patients; (2) mural thickening and stratification, resulting in the target or double-halo appearance, were detected in 11 patients, and the bowel wall thickening ranged from 5 to 10 mm. Nine patients had perienteric abnormalities including fibrofatty proliferation, phlegmon and mesenteric hypervascularity. According to the CT manifestations, 5 patients were initially diagnosed as other diseases including intestinal obstruction (1 case), tuberculosis (1 case), cancer (2 cases), and abscess (1 case), respectively. Conclusion CT has the unparalleled ability to depict the abnormalities in the bowel wall, mesentery, abdominal and pelvic viscera, and contrast-enhanced CT can distinguish active Crohn′s disease from quiescent Crohn′s disease. These features make CT particularly valuable in the management of Crohn′s disease.

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