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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1584-1591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013732

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Sijunzi Decoction on mRNA and protein expression related to growth and cell cycle in polyamine/HuR signaling pathway during small intestinal epithelial cell (IEC-6) proliferation, and to explore its mechanism on intestinal mucosal injury repair. Methods Sijunzi Decoction-containing serum (SJZD) was prepared from SD rats, the expression of HuR protein in cytoplasm and nucleus was analyzed by immunofluorescence and Western blot, the mRNA level of activating transcription factor-2 (A T F - 2), JunD and cyclin dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) were determined by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-PCR), Western blot was used to detect protein level of HuR, ATF-2, JunD and CDK4, and flow cytometry was applied to analyse cell cycle distribution. Results Compared with the control group, the mRNA and protein expression of ATF-2 and JunD decreased, while the expression of Cdk4 mRNA and protein increased in SZJD group, and the proportion of G

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3317-3326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981469

ABSTRACT

In recent years, reports of adverse reactions related to traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) have been on the rise, especially some traditionally considered "non-toxic" TCM(such as Dictamni Cortex). This has aroused the concern of scholars. This study aims to explore the metabolomic mechanism underlying the difference in liver injury induced by dictamnine between males and females through the experiment on 4-week-old mice. The results showed that the serum biochemical indexes of liver function and organ coefficients were significantly increased by dictamnine(P<0.05), and hepatic alveolar steatosis was mainly observed in female mice. However, no histopathological changes were observed in the male mice. Furthermore, a total of 48 differential metabolites(such as tryptophan, corticosterone, and indole) related to the difference in liver injury between males and females were screened out by untargeted metabolomics and multivariate statistical analysis. According to the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve, 14 metabolites were highly correlated with the difference. Finally, pathway enrichment analysis indicated that disorders of metabolic pathways, such as tryptophan metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and ferroptosis(linoleic acid metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism), may be the potential mechanism of the difference. Liver injury induced by dictamnine is significantly different between males and females, which may be caused by the disorders of tryptophan metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and ferroptosis pathways.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Animals , Mice , Tryptophan , Metabolomics , Fatty Liver , Steroids , Hormones
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 461-468, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927990

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of leonurine(Leo) on abdominal aortic constriction(AAC)-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats and its mechanism. A rat model of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy was established by AAC method. After 27-d intervention with high-dose(30 mg·kg~(-1)) and low-dose(15 mg·kg~(-1)) Leo or positive control drug losartan(5 mg·kg~(-1)), the cardiac function was evaluated by hemodynamic method, followed by the recording of left ventricular systolic pressure(LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure(LVESP), as well as the maximum rate of increase and decrease in left ventricular pressure(±dp/dt_(max)). The degree of left ventricular hypertrophy was assessed based on heart weight index(HWI) and left ventricular mass index(LVWI). Myocardial tissue changes and the myocardial cell diameter(MD) were measured after hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. The contents of angiotensin Ⅱ(AngⅡ) and angiotensin Ⅱ type 1 receptor(AT1 R) in myocardial tissue were detected by ELISA. The level of Ca~(2+) in myocardial tissue was determined by colorimetry. The protein expression levels of phospholipase C(PLC), inositol triphosphate(IP3), AngⅡ, and AT1 R were assayed by Western blot. Real-time quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR) was employed to determine the mRNA expression levels of β-myosin heavy chain(β-MHC), atrial natriuretic factor(ANF), AngⅡ, and AT1 R. Compared with the model group, Leo decreased the LVSP, LVEDP, HWI, LVWI and MD values, but increased ±dp/dt_(max) of the left ventricle. Meanwhile, it improved the pathological morphology of myocardial tissue, reduced cardiac hypertrophy, edema, and inflammatory cell infiltration, decreased the protein expression levels of PLC, IP3, AngⅡ, AT1 R, as well as the mRNA expression levels of β-MHC, ANF, AngⅡ, AT1 R, c-fos, and c-Myc in myocardial tissue. Leo inhibited AAC-induced cardiac hypertrophy possibly by influencing the RAS system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Angiotensin II/metabolism , Cardiomegaly/genetics , Gallic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/pathology , Myocardium/pathology
4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 558-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primary anterior surgery for the treatment of lower cervical dislocation with unilateral facet inter-locking.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in the 32 patients who had been admitted to Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital for lower cervical dislocation with unilateral facet interlocking from November 2015 to October 2018. According to their treatments, they were divided into 2 groups. In the emergency group treated by flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primary anterior surgery, there were 13 males and 3 females, aged from 24 to 63 years. In the traction group treated by cranial traction reduction combined with secondary anterior surgery, there were 12 males and 4 females, aged from 20 to 64 years. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, bone graft fusion, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were compared between the 2 groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P<0.05). All patients were followed up from 26 to 40 months. The hospital stay for the emergency group [(7.2±1.2) d] was significantly shorter than that for the traction group[(10.9±1.2) d] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time, blood loss, ASIA grade or JOA score between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). All patients achieved osseous fusion of intervertebral space. Conclusion:Compared with traditional methods, flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primay anterior surgery shows no significant difference in the recovery of neurological function but leads to a shorter hospital stay.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 871-877, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of forceful reduction percutaneous pedicle screw and ordinary percutaneous pedicle screw in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 566 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi ′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018, including 191 males and 375 females, with age range of 48-79 years [(61.7±10.7)years]. Fracture segments were located at T 11 in 134 patients, T 12 in 154, L 1 in 160, and L 2 in 118. All fractures were type IIIA according to the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture classification (ASOTLF). The thoracolumbar osteoporotic fracture severity score assessment system (TLOFSAS) score was ≥5 points. A total of 275 patients underwent forceful reduction and percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation (forceful reduction screw group), and 291 patients underwent common percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation (common screw group). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, times of X-ray exposure on patients and measures documented before operation, at 3 days after operation and at 2 years after operation including anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae, sagittal Cobb angle of the injured vertebrae, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analog scale (VAS) were compared between the two groups. Moreover, degree of correction of Cobb angle at 3 days after operation, loss of correction of Cobb angle at 2 years after operation and postoperative complications were observed. Results:All patients were followed up for 25-34 months [(29.9±3.4)months]. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and times of X-ray exposure on patients in forceful reduction screw group were (69.4±10.2)minutes, (60.3±13.1)ml and (26.8±3.7)times, less than (80.6±11.9)minutes, (80.7±15.4)ml and (30.4±3.4)times in common screw group (all P<0.01). There was no significant difference in anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae between the two groups before operation and at 3 days after operation (all P>0.05). The anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae in forceful reduction screw group was (95.5±2.3)% at 2 years after operation, significantly higher than (85.4±1.7)% in common screw group ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in sagittal Cobb angle of the injured vertebrae between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The sagittal Cobb of the injured vertebrae in forceful reduction screw group at 3 days and 2 years after operation were (7.9±1.6)° and (8.8±1.5)°, lower than (10.6±1.1)° and (12.3±1.2)° in common screw group ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There were no significant difference in JOA score and VAS between the two groups before operation, at 3 days and at 2 years after operation (all P>0.05). The degree of correction of Cobb angle in forceful reduction screw group was (19.4±2.5)°, higher than (17.3±2.6)° in common screw group ( P<0.05). The loss of correction of Cobb angle in forceful reduction group was less than that in common screw group at 2 years after operation, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in forceful reduction screw group was 12.4% (34/275), compared to 14.1% (41/291) in common screw group ( P>0.05). There were no complications such as iatrogenic nerve injury, fracture or loosening of internal fixator or leakage of bone cement in the spinal canal in both groups. Conclusions:For osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis, forceful reduction and percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation can significantly shorten operation time, reduce intraoperative blood loss and times of X-ray exposure on patients, restore height of the injured vertebrae, correct kyphosis and maintain reduction height of the injured vertebrae in contrast with conventional percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 77-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940488

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the differences in response to bakuchiol-induced hepatotoxicity between Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice and Kunming (KM) mice. MethodThe objective manifestations of bakuchiol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice were confirmed by acute and subacute toxicity animal experiments, and enrichment pathways of differential genes between normal ICR mice and KM mice were compared by transcriptomics. The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (real-time qPCR) assay was used to verify the mRNA expression of key genes in the related pathways to confirm the species differences of bakuchiol-induced liver injury. ResultIn the subacute toxicity experiment, compared with the normal mice, the ICR mice showed increased serum content of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and 5′-nucleotidase (5′-NT), without significant difference, and no manifest change was observed in KM mice. Pathological results showed that hepatocyte hypertrophy was the main pathological feature in ICR mice and hepatocyte steatosis in KM mice. In the acute toxicity experiment, KM mice showed erect hair, mental malaise, and near-death 3 days after administration. The levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in KM mice (400 mg·kg-1) significantly increased(P<0.01), and the activity of total reactive oxygen species (SOD) in liver significantly decreased(P<0.01)compared with those in normal mice, while the serum content of 5′-NT and cholinesterase (CHE) in ICR mice (400 mg·kg-1) were significantly elevated (P<0.01). The liver/brain ratio in ICR mice increased by 20.34% and that in KM mice increased by 29.14% (P<0.01). The main pathological manifestation of the liver in ICR mice was hepatocyte hypertrophy, while those in KM mice were focal inflammation, hepatocyte hypertrophy, and hepatocyte steatosis. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)and Reactome pathway enrichment analyses showed that the differential gene expression between ICR mice and KM mice was mainly involved in oxidative phosphorylation, bile secretion, bile acid and bile salts synthesis, and metabolism pathway. CYP7A1 was up-regulated in all groups with drug intervention (P<0.01) and MRP2 was reduced in all groups with drug intervention of KM mice (P<0.01) and elevated in all groups with drug intervention of ICR mice (P<0.01) compared with those in the normal group. The expression of BSEP was lowered in ICR mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1) (P<0.05). SHP1 was highly expressed in KM mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1). The expression of FXR was diminished in ICR mice with subacute liver injury (200 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01). SOD1, CAT, and NFR2 significantly decreased in KM mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1), and CAT dwindled in KM mice with subacute liver injury (200 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01). GSTA1 and GPX1 significantly increased in KM mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01) and SOD1, CAT, NRF2, and GSTA1 significantly increased in ICR mice with subacute liver injury (200 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01). CAT and NRF2 significantly increased in ICR mice with acute liver injury (400 mg·kg-1) (P<0.01). ConclusionWith the increase in the dosage of bakuchiol, the liver injury induced by oxidative stress in KM mice was gradually aggravated, and ICR mice showed stronger antioxidant capacity. The comparison of responses to bakuchiol-induced hepatotoxicity between ICR mice and KM mice reveals that ICR mice are more suitable for the investigation of the mechanisms related to bile secretion and bile acid metabolism in the research on bakuchiol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. KM mice are more prone to liver injury caused by oxidative stress.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1453-1458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928074

ABSTRACT

Lonicera Japonica Flos is the dried bud or nascent flower of Lonicera japonica(Caprifoliaceae). The plant suffers from various diseases and pests in the growth period and thus pesticides are often used. As a result, the resultant pesticide residues in Lonicera Japonica Flos have aroused great concern. This review summarized the investigation, detection methods, content analysis, and risk assessment of pesticide residues in Lonicera Japonica Flos since 1996, and compared the maximum residue limits among different countries and regions. The results showed that the pesticide residues were detected in Lonicera Japonica Flos from different production areas, and only some exceeded the limits. The residual pesticides have changed from organochlorines to new types such as tebuconazole and nitenpyram. The detection method has upgraded from chromatography to chromatography-mass spectrometry. Most pesticide residues will not cause health risks, except carbofuran. Pesticide residues limit the development of Lonicera Japonica Flos industry in China. In practice, we should improve the drug registration of Lonicera Japonica Flos, promote ecological prevention and control technology, and formulate and promote pesticide residue limit standard of Lonicera Japonica Flos.


Subject(s)
Flowers/chemistry , Lonicera/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Pesticide Residues/analysis , Pesticides/analysis
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1433-1437, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928071

ABSTRACT

Panacis Quinquefolii Radix is the dry root of Panax quinquefolium, which is a perennial plant of Araliaceae. The plant has a long growth cycle and serious growth barrier problem, which leads to the use of pesticides. As a result, the pesticide residues in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix are arousing great concern. This paper reviews the research findings on the investigation, detection methods, content analysis and risk assessment of pesticide residues in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix since 1993, and compares the pesticide residue limit standards of different countries and regions. The pesticide residues in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix have been changing from organochlorines with high toxicity to triazines and triazoles with low toxicity. The pesticide residues are generally low, while the pollution of pentachloronitrobenzene and other pesticides still exist. The detection method has evolved from chromatography to chromatography-mass spectrometry. There are no reports of health risks caused by pesticide residues of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. Pesticide residue is a major factor restricting the sound development of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix industry in China. Therefore, we suggest to improve the registration of pesticides applied to the plant, popularize mature ecological planting mode and supporting technology, and strengthen the research on the risk assessment and limit standard of pesticide residue in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Ginsenosides/analysis , Mass Spectrometry , Panax/chemistry , Pesticide Residues/analysis
9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1554-1558, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014268

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of compound Q-L on MH7A based on NF-KB and MAPK signaling pathways and its mechanism. Methods Human rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast synovial cell line (MH7A) was selected as the experimental object. The effect of compound Q-l on the proliferation of MH7A cells was determined by CCK-8 method. The effect of compound Q-l on the migration ability of MH7A cells was detected by Transwell assay. TNF-α solution was used as inducer, and the content of TNF-α and IL-6 in cell supernatant was determined by ELISA. The protein expressions of p65, p-p65, IκBα, P-IκBα, p38, p-p38, ERK, p-ERK, JNK and p-JNK in the cells were determined by Western blot. Results Compound Q-l at different concentrations significantly inhibited the activity of MH7A cells. Compound Q-l significantly inhibited the migration of MH7A cells. Compound Q-l significantly reduced the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 in cell supernatant. Compound Q-l could significantly down-regulate the protein expression levels of p65, p-p65, P-IκBα, p38, p-p38 induced by TNF-α, but had no marked effects on IKBCX, ERK, p-ERK, JNK and p-JNK proteins. Conclusion Compound Q-l can significantly inhibit the proliferation of MH7A cells, reduce the expression of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in cell supernatant, and down-regulate the protein expressions of p65, p-p65, IKBCX, p-LKBA, p38, p-p38 induced by TNF-α. The possible mechanism of action is related to NF-κB and p38MAPK sig-naling pathways.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 148-155, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872740

ABSTRACT

Objective:The molecular connectivity index method and total statistical moment method were used to control the quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the stability and consistency of volatile components of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos were clarified. Method:Volatile oils in Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos from different producing areas was extracted for GC-MS determination with electron bombardment ion source, ion source temperature of 230 ℃, and detection range of m/z 35-650. Then National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 05 and ChemicalBook database were used for qualitative analysis of these volatile components, the peak area normalization method was used for quantitative analysis, and the total statistical moment parameters and the zero-order, first-order, second-order, third-order molecular connectivity indexes of the components were calculated. Result:Number of peaks (RSD were 28.5%, 33.4%, respectively), total zero-order moments (RSD were 55.5%, 128.9%, respectively) and total second-order moments (RSD were 15.3%, 21.5%, respectively) of 10 batches of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos were unstable, indicating that the types and contents of volatile components fluctuated sharply, but the total first-order moments (RSD were 7.5%, 8.8%, respectively) and the zero-order, first-order, second-order and third-order molecular connectivity indexes (RSD ranged from 8.1% to 10.3% and 4.2% to 5.5%, respectively) were relatively stable, indicating that the overall "imprinting template" of the components was similar. Statistical analysis of each parameter found that there were no significant differences in the number of peaks, total first-order moments and zero-order, first-order, second-order, third-order molecular connectivity indexes between volatile oils from Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos. Conclusion:Under the guidance of supramolecular gas evolution "imprinting template" theory, the molecular connectivity index method and total statistical moment parameters are used to jointly characterize the "imprinting template" of TCM components in vitro, which can control the stability and consistency of TCM quality.

11.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3585-3595, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846344

ABSTRACT

Usnea lichens, as traditional Chinese medicine, has an extraordinary long history. It is well known for its medicinal uses due to the unique symbiosis of bacteria and algae. The symbiosis promotes the unique medicinal values. Its traditional functions involve clearing heat and detoxifying, relaxing tendon and activating blood, clearing liver and improving eyesight, relieving cough and eliminating phlegm, etc. They are mainly used for treating diseases such as phlegm malaria, infection, trauma, etc. They can cure plague, edema, and other diseases in the formula. Usnea lichens contain secondary metabolites such as multi-substituted monobenzenes, dibenzofurans, depsides, etc. Dibenzofurans and depsides are the main active ingredients. The crude extracts and compounds derived from Usnea lichens possess potent antimicrobial, antitumor, lipid-lowering, and liver-protecting activities. This paper reviews the research progress on the chemical constituents and biological activities of Usnea lichens in recent years, which provides reference values for further development and utilization of them.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 130-135, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802143

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study rhizosphere soil fungal community composition and diversity of Salvia miltiorrhiza,in order to explain the changes of the rhizosphere microenvironment of S.miltiorrhiza,and provide theoretical basis for revealing the reasons for the formation of continuous obstacles.Method: Based on the high-throughput sequencing technology,three kinds of soil samples were collected,namely soil of non-plant (CK),soil for cultivating for one year (Y1) and soil for cultivating for two years (Y2),respectively.According to the sequencing of the internal transcribed space of nuclear ribosomal DNA (ITS) region of fungal rRNA gene,14 153,19 024 and 7 622 valid sequences were obtained and annotated as 1 027,1 095 and 712 varieties of OTUs.The diversity of fungal communities showed a trend of decreasing first and then increasing.Agaricomycetes,Leotiomycetes and Tremellomycetes were the dominant bacterial communities at the class level,their orders in three treatments were Y1 > CK > Y2,Y2 > Y1 > CK,CK > Y2 > Y1.At the genus level,Guehomyces was dominant species in CK,and both Y1 and Y2 had a decrease of 96.13% and 90.21%,respectively.Wickerhamomyces had a significantly increase in Y2(6.64%),250.59% and 564.00% compared with CK and Y1,respectively.Result: The results of cluster analysis showed that CK and Y1 had a higher similarity at the genus level in soil fungal community composition compared with Y2.Conclusion: Cryptosporiopsis and other pathogenic fungal communities were dominant genuses according to the heatmap analysis in Y2,suggesting a correlation with the incidence of S.miltiorrhiza.The findings provide theoretical basis for the formation of continuous cropping obstacle.

13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 301-310, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777185

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory role of retinoid X receptor (RXR)-mediated oxidative stress pathway in rat pulmonary ischemia/reperfusion injury (PIRI) and the underlying mechanism. Seventy-seven male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 7 groups (n = 11): control group, sham group, sham+9-cis-retinoid acid (9-cRA, RXR agonist) group, sham+HX531 (RXR inhibitor) group, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) group, I/R+9-cRA group, and I/R+HX531 group. The unilateral lung I/R model was established by obstruction of left lung hilus for 30 min and reperfusion for 180 min in vivo. The rats in I/R+9-cRA and I/R+HX531 groups were given intraperitoneal injection of 9-cRA and HX531 before thoracotomy. After reperfusion, the left lung tissue was taken to evaluate the lung tissue injury, and the oxidative stress-related indexes of the lung tissue were detected by the corresponding kits. The lung tissue morphology and the ultrastructure of the alveolar epithelial cells were observed by HE staining and transmission electron microscope, respectively. The protein expression of RXR in lung tissue was observed by immunofluorescence labeling method, and the expression level of nuclear factor E2-related factor (Nrf2) protein was detected by Western blot. The results showed that, compared with the sham group, the I/R group exhibited obviously injured lung tissue, decreased SOD activity, increased MDA content and MPO activity, and down-regulated expression level of Nrf2 protein. Compared with the I/R group, the I/R+9-cRA group showed alleviated lung tissue injury, increased activity of SOD, decreased MDA content and MPO activity, and up-regulated expression levels of RXR and Nrf2 protein. The above-mentioned improvement effects of 9-cRA were reversed by HX531 treatment. These results suggest that RXR activation can effectively protect the lung tissue against I/R injury, and the mechanism may involve the activation of Nrf2 signaling pathway, the enhancement of antioxidant level and the reduction of oxidative stress response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Lung , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Physiology , Oxidative Stress , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Retinoid X Receptors , Physiology , Signal Transduction
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1046-1052, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771841

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the expression of lysosomal membrane proteins LAMP1, TPC1 and TPC2 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and clinical indications of AML and to explore the possible role in the genesis and development of AML and clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of LAMP1, TPC1 and TPC2 in AML cell lines (HL-60, NB4) and 57 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (including 44 initially treated patients and 13 relapsed and refractory patients). The relationship of mRNA expression levels with clinical indicators and post-chemotherapy remission was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with CD34 hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), the expression levels of LAMP1 and TPC1 in AML cell lines HL-60 and NB4 significantly increased, while the expression level of TPC2 was not significantly different. The expression levels of LAMP1, TPC1 and TPC2 in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) of AML patients were higher than those in normal human BMMNC (P90%) were also high. There was no significant difference in the expression of LAMP1, TPC1 and TPC2 between CD34HSC of patients with AML and relapsed/refractory patients (P>0.05). No correlation was found between age, sex and genotype and expression of membrane proteins (P>0.05). The expression levels of LAMP1 and TPC1 positively correlated with the number of white blood cells in peripheral blood of patients (P<0.01). LAMP1 and TPC2 were found to be associated with remission after a course of chemotherapy in newly diagnosed patients. Initially treated patients with high expression of LAMP1 in the bone marrow not easily relieved after one course of chemotherapy. Patients with high expression of TPC2 in the bone marrow more likely to be relieved after one course of chemotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The mRNA of the three membrane proteins are highly expressed in AML patients, and LAMP1 and TPC1 are risk factors for AML disease progression. High expression of TPC2 is beneficial for chemotherapy of patients with newly diagnosed AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Lysosomal Membrane Proteins
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3935-3941, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008308

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to explore the effects of stress at different temperatures( 35,45,55 ℃) on membrane permeability,active oxygen metabolism and accumulation of effective substances in Lonicera japonica,and provide theoretical basis for reducing deterioration and revealing browning mechanism during postharvest processing of L. japonica. The cell membrane permeability( relative conductivity,MDA content),active oxygen metabolism( SOD,POD,PPO,CAT activity) and the accumulation of effective substances( chlorogenic acid,luteolin,neochlorogenic acid,cryptochlorogenic acid,3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid,3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid) of L. japonica were all studied by constant temperature drying method,and the results were analyzed by the SPSS 17. 0 statistical software. The results showed that MDA content in L. japonica was increased by 151. 14% at 35 ℃,SOD,POD,PPO and CAT activity were 29. 73%,42. 86%,105. 02% and 10. 74% higher than at 45 ℃,respectively. The order of effective substance content in L. japonica was 35 ℃ >45 ℃ >55 ℃. The changes of membrane permeability,activity of active oxygen metabolizing enzyme and accumulation of active components were significantly affected by different temperature stress. The indexes showed that physiological and active oxygen metabolizing enzyme activity of L. japonica was the highest under 35 ℃ stress,chlorogenic acid and luteolin were effectively accumulated,which provides basic data for solving browning problem in the postharvest processing of L. japonica.


Subject(s)
Cell Membrane Permeability , Chlorogenic Acid/metabolism , Hot Temperature , Lonicera/physiology , Luteolin/metabolism , Oxygen/metabolism , Stress, Physiological
16.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 849-852, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693996

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are membrane vesicles secreted by cells into the extracellular environment. Exosomes are a new cell component in the treatment of spinal cord injury. Exosomes are secreted by mesenchymal stem cells have anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic effects in the treatment of spinal cord injury, which play a key role in nerve cell-cell communication and can delivery exogenous genetic material. Exosomes can penetrate blood-brain barrier and are more stable than their parent cells, reducing the safety risks in the administration of viable cells.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 989-993, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011903

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of WT1 expression on the prognosis of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in acute leukemia (AL) and its significance as molecular marker to dynamically monitor minimal residual disease (MRD) . Methods: Retrospectively analyzed those AL patients who underwent allo-HSCT in the First Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine during Jan 2016 to Dec 2017, a total number of 314 cases, 163 males and 151 females, median age was 30 (9-64) years old. Comparing the difference of WT1 expression at diagnosed, pre-HSCT and after HSCT. Using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to determine the WT1 threshold at different time so as to predict relapse. The threshold of WT1 expression before transplantation was 1.010%, within 3 months after HSCT was 0.079% and 6 months after HSCT was 0.375%. According to these thresholds, WT1 positive patients were divided into low expression groups and high expression groups. Analyzed the relationship between overall survival (OS) , disease-free survival (DFS) , cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) and WT1 expression. Results: The OS and DFS of high expression group pre-HSCT were lower than low expression group [69.2% (9/13) vs 89.1% (57/64) , χ(2)=4.086, P=0.043; 53.8% (7/13) vs 87.5% (56/64) , χ(2)=9.766, P=0.002], CIR was higher than low expression group [30.8% (4/13) vs 7.8% (5/64) , P=0.017]. There was no significant difference of OS and DFS between high expression and low expression group of 3 months after HSCT (P=0.558, P=0.269) . The OS and DFS of high expression group of 6 months after transplantation were both lower than low expression group (P=0.049, P=0.035) . Multivariate analysis showed that WT1>0.375% when 6 months after transplantation was the only independent prognostic factor for shorter DFS (P=0.022) . There was no statistically significant difference in CIR between the high-expression group and the low-expression group 3 months after transplantation and 6 months after transplantation (P=0.114, P=0.306) . Conclusion: High expression of WT1 before and after HSCT was an adverse prognosis factor. It is of clinical practical value to use WT1 as a transplant recommendation index for patients with acute leukemia and as a marker to monitor MRD dynamically.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous , WT1 Proteins
18.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 383-389, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772776

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis and therapeutic treatment of intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) remain unsolved, highlighting the need for stable and effective experimental animal models. In this study, uterine electrocoagulation of twenty-one female New Zealand White rabbits was carried out to establish an IUA model. As rabbits have two completely separate uterine horns, each rabbit had its own internal control: one uterine horn was given an electrothermal injury (Group A, n=21), and the contralateral uterine horn received no treatment and served as the control (Group B, n=21). The endometrial morphology, number of endometrial glands, area of endometrial fibrosis, and number of implanted fetuses were compared between the two groups. In Group A, the numbers of endometrial glands on Days 7 and 14 and the number of implanted fetuses were significantly lower than those in Group B (P<0.05, P<0.05, and P<0.01, respectively), while the ratio of the area with endometrial stromal fibrosis to the total endometrial area was significantly increased (P<0.01). These results suggest that this method of electrothermal injury is effective for the establishment of a rabbit IUA model between 7 and 14 d after surgery.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rabbits , Disease Models, Animal , Electrocoagulation , Endometrium , Pathology , Tissue Adhesions , Pathology , Therapeutics , Uterine Diseases
19.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 8-13, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773812

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress on lung ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced myocardial injury in mice.@*METHODS@#Forty healthy SPF male C57BL/6J mice were divided into 4 groups randomly (=10):sham operation group (Sham group), lung I/R group (I/R group), endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) pathway agonist Tunicamycin group (TM) and ERS inhibitor 4-phenyl butyric acid group (4-PBA). The model of lung I/R injury was established by clamping the left hilum of lung for 30 min followed by 180 min of reperfusion. In sham group, only sternotomy was performed, the hilum of lung was not clamped, and the mice were mechanically ventilated for 210 min. In TM and 4-PBA groups, TM 1mg/kg and 4-PBA 400 mg/kg were injected intraperitoneally, respectively, at 30 min before establishment of the model. At 180 min of reperfusion, blood samples were collected from the orbit for determination of myocardial enzyme. The animals were then sacrificed, and hearts were removed for determination of light microscope, TUNEL, Caspase 3 enzymatic activity, real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with sham group, the cardiomyocytes had obvious damage under light microscope, and the serum creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) activities, apoptosis index and Caspase 3 enzymatic activity were increased significantly, the expressions of p-Jun N-terminalkinase(p-JNK), Caspase 12, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) and glucose regulated protein 78(GRP78) protein and mRNA were up-regulated in I/R, TM and 4-PBA groups (<0.01). Compared with I/R group, the cardiomyocytes damage was obvious under light microscope, and the serum CK-MB and LDH activities, apoptosis index and Caspase 3 enzymatic activity were increased significantly, the expressions of p-JNK, Caspase 12, CHOP and GRP78 protein and mRNA were up-regulated in group TM; while all above changes were relieved in group 4-PBA (<0.01). Compared with TM group, the cardiomyocytes damage was relieved under light microscope, and the serum CK-MB and LDH activities, apoptosis index and Caspase 3 enzymatic activity were decreased significantly, the expressions of p-JNK, Caspase 12,CHOP and GRP78 protein and mRNA were down-regulated in group 4-PBA.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress participates in myocardial injury induced by lung ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and inhibit excessive endoplasmic reticulum stress response can relieved myocardial injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Apoptosis , Caspase 12 , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Creatine Kinase, MB Form , Blood , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Heart Injuries , Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Lung , Pathology , MAP Kinase Kinase 4 , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardium , Pathology , Random Allocation , Reperfusion Injury , Transcription Factor CHOP , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 137-142, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773786

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine (Dex) on injury of A549 cells induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation(H/R)and the influence of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) expression.@*METHODS@#Logarithmic growth phase A549 cells(it originated from alveolar type Ⅱ epithelial cell line) were randomly divided into 4 groups (=10):normoxic control group (N), Dex group (D), hypoxia/reoxygenation group (H), hypoxia/reoxygenation + Dex group(HD). At the beginning of modeling, 1 nmol/L Dex was puted into D and HD groups. N and D groups were cultured in the normoxic incubator for 30 h. H and HD group were incubated in the anoxic cultivation for 6 h, fo llowed by normoxic culture for 24 h. Then A549 cells were observed under the inverted microscope to observe the morphological changes. Cell activity was detected by cell counting Kit-8(CCK-8) and the apoptosis index(AI) was detected by in situ end labeling (TUNEL) method. The expression of CHOP、glucose-regulated protein of molecular weight 78 kDa (Grp78)、cysteinyl aspirate-specificprotease-3 (caspase-3) protein and CHOP、Grp78 mRNA were detected by Western blot and RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with N group, the number of adherent cells in H group decreased significantly, and cell morphology changed. The absorbance value in H group decreased obviously (<0. 01). The AI value and expression of CHOP, Grp78, caspase-3 proteins and CHOP, Grp78 mRNA were significantly increased (<0.01). Compared with H group, the cell damage in HD group was decreased, the absorbance value increased (<0.01), the number of apoptosis cells decreased relatively (<0.01), the expression of CHOP, caspase-3 protein and CHOP mRNA decreased (<0. 01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dex has notable effects against H/R injury, which may be related to effective inhibition of apoptosis mediated by the CHOP's signal path.


Subject(s)
Humans , A549 Cells , Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Dexmedetomidine , Pharmacology , Transcription Factor CHOP , Physiology
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