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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 109-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920561

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of hypertension among primary and middle school students living in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, so as to provide insights into comprehensive hypertension control among children and adolescents.@*Methods@# Primary and middle school students at ages of 7 to 17 years were recruited for a questionnaire survey in Suzhou City using the stratified cluster random sampling method from September to December, 2020, and the height and body weight were measured. Blood pressure was measured at three separate clinic visits according to the national criteria Reference of Screening for Elevated Blood Pressure among Children and Adolescents Aged 7-18 Years ( WS/T 610-2018 ), and the detection of elevated blood pressure was estimated at three separate visits. In addition, factors affecting elevated blood pressure were identified. @*Results@#A total of 3 713 students were enrolled, including 1 924 boys ( 51.82% ) and 1 789 girls ( 48.18% ). The detection of elevated blood pressure was 13.63%, 5.36%, and 3.37% at three separate visits, respectively, and the prevalence of hypertension ( elevated blood pressure at all three visits ) was 3.37%. The detection rates of elevated blood pressure were all higher at three visits ( 16.90%, 8.40%, and 5.26% ) among students at ages of 12 to 17 years than among students at ages of 7 to 11 years ( 9.65%, 1.67%, and 1.07%, P<0.05 ). The detection of elevated blood pressure was significantly higher in boys ( 15.23% ) than in girls (11.91%) at the first visit ( P<0.05 ), while no significant differences were seen at the second or third visit ( P>0.05 ). In addition, higher detection rates of elevated blood pressure were seen in obese ( 27.62%, 11.51%, and 7.06% ) and overweight students ( 17.45%, 6.95%, and 4.85% ) than in students with normal weight ( 9.44%, 3.54%, and 2.15% ) at all three visits, and greater detection rates of elevated blood pressure were found in obese students than in overweight students at the first and second visits ( P<0.017 ).@*Conclusions @#The prevalence of hypertension was 3.37% based on three separate visits among primary and middle school students in Suzhou City. Measurement of blood pressure at three separate visits within different days is effective to reduce the false positive rate of hypertension and decrease misdiagnosis among children and adolescents.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921395

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of preoperative prophylactic use of antibiotics on wound infection in patients with cleft lip.@*METHODS@#Aretrospective study was conducted on the clinical data of 1 361 patients who underwent one-stage cleft lip repair in the Department of Cleft Lip and Palate in West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, from January 2015 to November 2018. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether prophylactic antibiotics were used or not. There were 594 patients in the prevention group, including 373 unilateral incomplete cleft lip (UICL) patients, 157 unilateral complete cleft lip (UCCL) patients, 25 bilateral incomplete cleft lip (BICL) patients, 39 bilateral complete cleft lip (BCCL) patients. There were 767 patients in the non-prophylactic group, including 482 UICL patients, 211 UCCL patients, 31 BICL patients, 43 BCCL patients. The relationship between preoperative and postoperative leukocyte count, preoperative and postoperative body temperature, and postoperative wound infection were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#No significant difference was observed in the leukocyte count and body temperature between both groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The preoperative prophylactic use of antibiotics has no significant effect on the incidence of postoperative infection in patients undergoing cleft lip repair.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Humans , Infant , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Short-term outcome evaluation for the correction of unilateral cleft lip deformity with a new technique.@*METHODS@#Forty-four patients with unilateral cleft lip deformity were included in the study and in which the orbicularis oris muscle was reconstructed to achieve the optimal force balance of reconstructed orbicularis oris. The photometric two-dimensional indexes, including the philtrum oblique angle and asymmetry ratios (lip height, lip width, vertical distance from the white roll to the vermilion bottom at the Cupid's bow point, and vertical distance from the Cupid 's bow points to facial midline), were employed to measure and evaluate the outcome.@*RESULTS@#Several indexes showed statistically significant difference, and they included the philtrum oblique angle, asymmetry ratio of the lip height, and asymmetry ratio of the vertical distance from the white roll to the vermilion bottom at Cupid ' s bow points (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results suggested that the new muscle reconstruction technique can significantly improve the short-term outcome of the correction of unilateral cleft lip deformity.


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery , Humans , Lip , Mouth Mucosa , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare the postoperative outcome of the new and classical muscular reconstruction technique combined with nasal internal-fixation method for secondary deformity post unilateral cleft lip repair. A rationale is provided for the further surgical improvement of secondary deformities.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients aged 4-18 years with secondary unilateral cleft lip-nose deformity were involved in this research. The deformities of 28 patients were repaired using the muscular force balance technique through nasal internal fixation method, and 32 were repaired using classical muscular reconstruction technique. Two-dimensional analysis was used to evaluate the nose-lip morphology of pre- and post-operative patients through standardized photographs seven days after surgery.@*RESULTS@#Compared with preoperative nasal morphology in the muscular force balance technique group, the 7-days postoperative results of this group showed the significantly improved short-term outcomes in the correction of columellar deflection, alar rim angle, nasal shape, and the symmetry of alar base width, nostril width, nostril height, alar rim angle (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The new muscular reconstruction technique with nasal internal-fixation method has a significant effect on nasal repair.


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip/surgery , Humans , Nose/surgery , Postoperative Period , Rhinoplasty , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1142-1146, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the factors related to residual rectal neuroendocrine tumor at the margins after endoscopic resection.Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted.From January 1, 2013 to March 31, 2018, data on 81 middle-aged and elderly patients with rectal neuroendocrine tumor aged ≥45 years who underwent endoscopic resection at the Endoscopic Center of the First Hospital of Jilin University were retrospectively collected.Based on whether residual tumor existed on histopathological examination, they were divided into the residual group(n=22)and the non-residual group(n=59). The causes of residual rectal neuroendocrine tumor at the margins after endoscopic resection were analyzed.Results:The diameters of lesions in 81 patients with rectal neuroendocrine tumors ranged between 0.3-1.5(0.73±0.33)cm.Postoperative histopathological examination revealed that all lesions were G1 neuroendocrine tumors, with residual tumor seen at the margins in 22 cases(27.2%). The mean tumor diameter was(0.78±0.36)cm for the residual group and(0.68±0.28)cm for the non-residual group, with no statistical significance between the two groups( t=1.320, P>0.05). Of the 22 patients in the residual group, 2 cases showed muscularis propria involvement and 14 cases showed tumor infiltration into the submucosa but without lymph node infiltration or metastasis, and in the rest of the cases lesions were confined to the mucosa.None of the 59 patients in the non-residual group had involvement of the muscular layer, but 23 cases showed tumor infiltration into the submucosa(39.0%)and the rest had lesions confined to the mucosa.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant( χ2=11.010, P<0.01). The results of binary Logistic regression analysis suggested that tumor infiltration into or beyond the submucosa( β=1.285, P<0.05)and the absence of preoperative ultrasonographic evaluation( β=-1.147, P<0.05)were independent risk factors for residual rectal neuroendocrine tumor at the margins after endoscopic resection. Conclusions:Tumor infiltration into the submucosa or beyond and lack of preoperative ultrasound evaluation are independent risk factors for residual rectal neuroendocrine tumor at the margins after endoscopic resection.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880871

ABSTRACT

Normal mammalian secondary palate development undergoes a series of processes, including palatal shelf (PS) growth, elevation, adhesion and fusion, and palatal bone formation. It has been estimated that more than 90% of isolated cleft palate is caused by defects associated with the elevation process. However, because of the rapidly completed elevation process, the entire process of elevation will never be easy to clarify. In this article, we present a novel method for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of thick tissue blocks from two-dimensional (2D) histological sections. We established multiplanar sections of the palate and tongue in coronal and sagittal directions, and further performed 3D reconstruction to observe the morphological interaction and connection between the two components prior to and during elevation. The method completes an imaging system for simultaneous morphological analysis of thick tissue samples using both synthetic and real data. The new method will provide a comprehensive picture of reorientation morphology and gene expression pattern during the palatal elevation process.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827530

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), namely, rs4691383 and rs7667857, in the platelet-derived growth factor-C (PDGF-C) gene, the genotypes, environmental exposure factors, and nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) in Western Chinese population.@*METHODS@#A total of 268 case-parent trios were selected, and two SNPs (rs4691383 andrs7667857) were genotyped by using polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme fragment length polymorphic method and direct sequencing method. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, linkage disequilibrium test, transmission disequilibrium test, and haplotype analysis were conducted to analyze the data. Meanwhile, the questionnaires on the epidemiology of cleft lip and palate filled by the included samples were collected, and the interaction between the genotypes of the two SNPs and environmental exposure factors was assessed by conditional logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#The A allele at rs4691383 and the G allele at rs7667857 of PDGF-C gene were over-transmitted for NSCL/P (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rs4691383 and rs7667857 at PDGF-C gene are closely related to the occurrence of NSCL/P in Western Chinese population. However, the interaction between environmental exposure factors and PDGF-C genotypes is not obvious in the occurrence of NSCL/P.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Lymphokines , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze velopharyngeal closure patterns and speech characteristics of patients with congenital velopharyngeal insufficiency.@*METHODS@#Patients visiting the Department of Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University between 2009 and 2017 were reviewed. Outcomes of subjective speech evaluation, including resonance, consonant articulation, and correction rate, were analyzed. Furthermore, the mobility of soft palate and pharyngeal walls under nasopharyngeal fiberscope were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#A total of 47 cases were retrieved and subjected to nasopharyngeal fiberscopic examination. Among them, 29 (61.7%) demonstrated a circular closure pattern, 16 (34.0%) showed a coronal pattern, and 2 (4.3%) had a sagittal pattern. Furthermore, 25 (53.2%) presented medium soft-palate mobility, 22 (46.8%) had weak lateral pharyngeal wall mobility, and 41 (87.2%) had no posterior pharyngeal wall mobility. Among all of the patients, 23 (48.9%) presented medium hypernasality, accounting for the highest proportion. Consonant misarticulation occurred in 89.4% of the cases. The articulation manners with the highest correction rate were in the following order: nasal, lateral, fricatives, stops, and affricates. The articulation places with the highest correction rate were in the following order: bilabial, alveolar, velar, and linguadental.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Circular closure was the most prevalent velopharyngeal closure pattern among patients with congenital velopharyngeal insufficiency, and consonant omission was the most common articulation abnormality.


Subject(s)
China , Cleft Palate/surgery , Humans , Palate, Soft , Pharynx , Retrospective Studies , Speech , Treatment Outcome , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe and compare the clinical efficacy of CO₂ fractional laser in the early control of scar post-secondary repair in patients with a cleft lip.@*METHODS@#In the treatment group, 43 patients with secondary repair of cleft lip were treated via CO₂ fractional laser. The control group covered 70 patients post-cheiloplasty. The effect in the two groups after six months was compared. The duration from the beginning of the laser treatment to surgery and patient gender were analyzed to determine if they affected the efficacy of the laser treatment for scars.@*RESULTS@#1) The curative effect in the treatment group was better than that in the control group (P<0.000 1), the total effectiveness rate was 90.7% in the treatment group. 2) No significant statistical difference in efficacy was observed between men and women (P=0.487). Moreover, no significant statistical difference in efficacy (P=0.055) was observed among patients one year after surgery, within the duration of <3 months, and within the duration of ≥3 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CO₂ fractional laser had a definite effect on the treatment of scar post-secondary repair in patients with a cleft lip. No significant correlation was observed between treatment effect and patient gender, and no difference was noted among patients one year after surgery. In the beginning of the laser treatment, no difference was observed between the durations of <3 months and ≥3 months after the reconstruction, Therefore, early intervention of scars a year after secondary repair of a cleft lip can achieve good results.


Subject(s)
Carbon Dioxide , Cicatrix/pathology , Cleft Lip/surgery , Female , Humans , Lasers , Male , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the sensitivity of the normal population to nasolabial subunits.Methods:From 2016 to 2017, we took frontal photos of 25 (20 to 40 years old) people with basically normal nasolabial subunits in West China Hospital of Stomatology. The lip subunits were adjusted at 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 times magnification or translation to obtain photos of different degrees of malformation of the nasal and lip subunits. A total of 189 young healthy people [96 males, 93 females; age (20.00±1.32) years old] without correction surgery and no maxillofacial deformities were selected to judge the facial aesthetic visual effect of their vision on the nasolabial subunit.Results:The peak sensitivity of nasolabial subunits is the nostril symmetry and columella deviation followed by lip symmetry.Conclusions:Young healthy people have high aesthetic visual effects on nostril symmetry and nasal column translation facial translation, average facial visual effects on lip symmetry and the lowest facial aesthetic visual effects on lip peak symmetry.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 853-856, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869473

ABSTRACT

With the development of medical technology and the rapid growth of the elderly population, complex ethical issues have become increasingly prominent.This article analyzes the current domestic and international situation of geriatric medical ethics, including disease response, palliative treatment, pre-life advice, ethical issues in the application of artificial intelligence, ethical education, distribution of medical and health resources and health policies.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828957

ABSTRACT

Surgeons need to understand the effects of the nasal cartilage on facial morphology, the function of both soft tissues and hard tissues and nasal function when performing nasal surgery. In nasal cartilage-related surgery, the main goals for clinical research should include clarification of surgical goals, rationalization of surgical methods, precision and personalization of surgical design and preparation and improved convenience of doctor-patient communication. Computational technology has become an effective way to achieve these goals. Advances in three-dimensional (3D) imaging technology will promote nasal cartilage-related applications, including research on computational modelling technology, computational simulation technology, virtual surgery planning and 3D printing technology. These technologies are destined to revolutionize nasal surgery further. In this review, we summarize the advantages, latest findings and application progress of various computational technologies used in clinical nasal cartilage-related work and research. The application prospects of each technique are also discussed.


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation , Face , Humans , Models, Anatomic , Nasal Cartilages , Nasal Septum , General Surgery , Nose , General Surgery , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Rhinoplasty
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To demonstrate the regularity of velopharyngeal function recovery after primary cleft palatoplasty and its correlation with different surgical procedures, ages, cleft types, and follow-up times.@*METHODS@#Patients with cleft palate under 5 years old who had more than two follow-up records were included in this study, and consecutive evaluations of postoperative velopharyngeal function were performed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to reveal the regularity of postoperative velopharyngeal function and the possible influencing factors.@*RESULTS@#A total of 165 patients were included. Inconsistent functions of the velopharyngeal closure were observed in 31 patients, of which velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) in the first follow-up converted to velopharyngeal competence (VPC) in the second follow-up, accounting for 18.79% of the total, and 134 patients had consistent velopharyngeal function. The patients in the group who had consistent velopharyngeal function were younger than those in the group who were inconsistent, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant. The younger the operation age, the patient's velopharyngeal function was more likely to stabilize at the first follow-up. At the time of the first follow-up in 15, 28, and 40 months, the probability that the patients had stable postoperative velopharyngeal function was 80%, 90%, and 95%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The recovery of velopharyn-geal function after surgery is a dynamic process. The velopharyngeal status of patients can be converted from VPI to VPC. Meanwhile, VPC cannot switch to VPI. The follow-up time is the most important factor affecting the consistency of the evaluation of velopharyngeal function. Choosing appro-priate follow-up time is the key to obtain the stable evaluation of velopharyngeal function.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Cleft Palate , Humans , Pharynx , Treatment Outcome , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772685

ABSTRACT

Rare diseases are genetic, chronic, and incurable disorders with relatively low prevalence. Thus, diagnosis and management strategies for such diseases are currently limited. This situation is exacerbated by insufficient medical sources for these diseases. The National Health and Health Committee of China recently first provided a clear definition of 121 rare diseases in the Chinese population. In this study, we summarize several dental-craniofacial manifestations associated with some rare diseases to provide a reference for dentists and oral maxillofacial surgeons aiming at fast-tracking diagnosis for the management of these rare diseases.


Subject(s)
China , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Humans , Rare Diseases
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772651

ABSTRACT

Treacher Collins syndrome is a congenital craniofacial malformation with autosomal dominant inheritance as the main genetic pattern. In this condition, the biosynthesis of ribosomes in neural crest cells and neuroepithelial cells is blocked and the number of neural crest cells that migrate to the craniofacial region decreases, causing first and second branchial arch dysplasia. Definite causative genes include treacle ribosome biogenesis factor 1 (tcof1), RNA polymerase Ⅰ and Ⅲ subunit C (polr1c), and RNA polymerase Ⅰ and Ⅲ subunit D (polr1d). This paper provides a review of research of three major patho-genic genes, pathogenesis, phenotypic research, prevention, and treatment of the syndrome.


Subject(s)
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases , Genetics , Humans , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Genetics , Neural Crest , Nuclear Proteins , Phosphoproteins
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772277

ABSTRACT

Rare diseases are usually genetic, chronic and incurable disorders with a relatively low incidence. Developments in the diagnosis and management of rare diseases have been relatively slow due to a lack of sufficient profit motivation and market to attract research by companies. However, due to the attention of government and society as well as economic development, rare diseases have been gradually become an increasing concern. As several dental-craniofacial manifestations are associated with rare diseases, we summarize them in this study to help dentists and oral maxillofacial surgeons provide an early diagnosis and subsequent management for patients with these rare diseases.


Subject(s)
Craniofacial Abnormalities , Humans , Rare Diseases
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805356

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To introduce the application of muscle reconstruction torque balance theory in the new rotating advancement method, and to evaluate the postoperative effect of this method on the nasal lip symmetry of patients with unilateral cleft lip.@*Methods@#A total of 62 patients with unilateral cleft lip were treated with two-dimensional radiography of posterior anterior position and mandibular chin position before, immediately and one-year follow-up. Five indexes representing the symmetry of lip and nose were measured by photoshop software. T test was used to compare the measurement results of each angle or distance index at different times. P<0.05 showed that there was significant difference between the two groups.@*Results@#All the patients who were treated with the technique described in this study obtained satisfactory lip and nasal symmetry immediately and one-year follow-up.@*Conclusions@#The new theory of oral muscle strength balance is a new breakthrough on the basis of the application of muscle reconstruction. It is suitable for the primary repairment of unilateral lip, and good results have been obtained.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of simulated hypobaric hypoxia environment at 7 000 m above sea level on cardiac structure and function in rats.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 male SD rats were randomly divided into high-altitude hypobaric hypoxia group (hypoxia group) and normobaric normoxia group (control group). Rats of hypoxia group were placed in a large cabin simulated 7 000 m high-altitude hypobaric hypoxia environment. Operating time 23 h / d, the control circadian ratio of approximately 12 h:12 h. The rats in control group were bred under normobaric normoxia. The hypoxic group was divided into 3 d, 7 d, 14 d, 28 d groups according to hypoxic time, 12 rats in each group. Changes of structure and function of heart due to hypoxia were evaluated by echocardiography and electrocardiogram. Myocardial pathological changes were analyzed by hematoxylin-eosin staining(HE).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group at the same time point ①With prolonged exposure to hypobaric hypoxia, the growth ratio of body mass in rats is slower. Arterial oxygen saturation was significantly lower in both 14 d and 28 d (P<0.05). ② Left ventricular end-diastolic anterior wall thickness (LVAWD) and left ventricular end-diastolic posterior wall thickness (LVPWD) of rats in 28 d were increased significantly (P<0.05). Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVIDD) and left ventricular internal dimension systole (LVIDS) of rats in 28 d were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), fractional shortening of left ventricle (FS), pulmonary vein (PV) peak velocity and PV peak gradient of rats in 7 d were decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). ③The QRS and QT interval period were significantly prolonged in 14 d and 28 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). The ST was significantly lower in 3 d and 7 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). The amplitude of R wave gradually shifted downward in 7 d, 14 d, 28 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). ④The red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in hypoxic group were increased significantly (P<0.01). The platelet count (PLT) count was decreased significantly in 14 d and 28 d (P<0.01). The serum creatinine (CR) was increased significantly in 14 d and 28 d (P<0.05). ⑤Pathological changes such as myocardial edema, sarcolemma condensate, focal degeneration and necrosis with inflammatory cell infiltration could be found at early stage of hypoxia. Myocardial compensatory repair such as myocardial fibroblasts proliferation was significant at end stage of hypoxia.@*CONCLUSION@#Left ventricular systolic functions of rats were decreased significantly after exposure to high altitude hypoxia hypobaric. The left ventricular systolic functions would recovery compensatory after one week exposed to high altitude hypoxia hypobaric.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Animals , Heart , Hypoxia , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775984

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of preoperative lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio(LMR)in evaluating the prognosis of patients with stage T1 non-muscle invasive bladder cancer(NMIBC).Methods A total of 215 patients with stage T1 NMIBC who underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor were enrolled.Clinical data were collected.Patients were followed up and their disease-free survival(DFS)and overall survival(OS)were recorded.The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve of preoperative LMR in detecting patient prognosis was used to determine the optimal cut-off value for LMR.Patients were divided into low LMR group(LMR <3.86,=77)and high LMR group(LMR ≥ 3.86,=138).Kaplan-Meier survival curves were explored to compare cumulative DFS and OS rates in patients with different LMR levels,and COX proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze factors associated with DFS and OS.Results All these 215 patients with T1 stage NMIBC were followed up for 2-92 months,and the DFS rate was 59.07% and OS rate was 65.12%.Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the cumulative DFS rate(=4.784,=0.029)and cumulative OS rate(=7.146, =0.008)in the low LMR group were significantly lower than those in the high LMR group.Tumor size ≥ 3 cm(=1.398,95% :1.042-1.875,=0.025),pathological grade G3(=1.266,95% :1.026-1.563,=0.028),and LMR ≥ 3.86(=2.347,95% :1.080-5.101,=0.031)were independent factors associated with DFS in patients with stage T NMIBC.In addition,tumor size ≥ 3 cm(=1.228,95% :1.015-1.484,=0.034),pathological grade G3(=1.366,95% :1.017-1.834,=0.038),and LMR<3.86(=2.008,95% :1.052-3.832,=0.035)were independent factors associated with OS in patients with T1 stage NMIBC. Conclusion Preoperative LMR is an independent factor associated with patients' prognosis in T1 stage NIMBC.Patients with low LMR tend to have higher risk of NMIBC progression and death.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology
20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 340-344 349, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773748

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the differential metabolites in urine and the characteristics of metabolic pathway of middle school students with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) before and after exercise, and then explain the metabolic mechanism of CFS.@*METHODS@#Eight male middle school students (age:17-19) with CFS were selectedas the CFS group according to CFS screening criteria of the U.S. centers.At the same time, 8 male health students of the same age from the same school were selected as the control group. They were administrated to do one-time exercise on the improved Harvard step (up and down steps 30 times/min for 3minutes). Their urinewascollected before and after exercise, and the differential metabolitesin urine were detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The multidimensional statistical methods were used to analyze the metabolites by principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal projections to latent structures-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Finally, MetPA database was used to analyze the metabolites and to construct the correlativemetabolic pathways.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the creatine, indoleacetaldehyde, phytosphingosine and pyroglutamic acid were selected as differential metabolites and the contents of those were decreased significantly (<0.05 or <0.01) in CFS groupbefore the step movement. However, 11 differential metabolitesin CFS group were selected out after exercise, which were nonanedioic acid, methyladenosine, acetylcarnitine, capric acid, corticosterone, creatine, levonorgestrel, pantothenic acid, pyroglutamic acid, xanthosine and xanthurenic acid in sequence, the contents of methyladenosine and creatinewere significantly increased (<0.05) and the contents of the other 9 differentialmetabolites were significantly decreased (<0.05 or <0.01)compared with the control group.The 15 differential metabolites mentioned above were input MetPA database in order to analyze the metabolic pathways weighted score.The results showed that the arginine-proline metabolism pathway disordersweredetected in theCFS group before exercise, the marker metabolite wascreatine. And 3 metabolic pathwaysdisorder weredetectedin the CFS groupafter exercise, which were arginine-proline metabolism, biosynthesis of pantothenic acid and CoA, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and the marker metabolites, in turn, werecreatine, pantothenic acid and corticosterone.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The disorder of arginine-proline metabolic pathway is detected in CFS middle school students before exercise intervention. After exercise, it can be detected that the steroid hormone biosynthetic metabolic pathway, pantothenic acid and CoA metabolic pathways also have metabolic disorders.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biomarkers , Exercise , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic , Humans , Male , Metabolomics , Students , Young Adult
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