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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 9-16, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012687

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aims to examine the effect of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma-Coptidis Rhizoma on reducing insulin resistance in db/db mice by regulating the adenylate activated protein kinase (AMPK)/UNC-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1)/key molecule of autophagy, benzyl chloride 1 (Beclin1) pathway and elucidate the underlying mechanism. MethodSixty 6-week-old male db/db mice were studied. They were randomly divided into the model group, metformin group (0.26 g·kg-1), and low-, middle-, and high-dose groups (2.25, 4.5, 9 g·kg-1) of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma-Coptidis Rhizoma. A blank group of db/m mice of the same age was set, with 12 mice in each group. After eight weeks of continuous intragastric administration, the blank group and model group received distilled water intragastrically once a day. The survival status of the mice was observed, and fasting blood glucose (FBG) was measured using a Roche blood glucose device. Fasting serum insulin (FINS) was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe the pathological changes in the liver of the mice. The protein expression levels of AMPK, Beclin1, autophagy associated protein 5 (Atg5), and p62 in liver tissue were determined by using Western blot. The protein expression levels of autophagy associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B) and ULK1 in liver tissue were determined using immunofluorescence. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to measure mRNA expression levels of AMPK, Beclin1, Atg5, ULK1, and p62. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group exhibited a significant increase in body mass (P<0.01). Additionally, the levels of FBG, FINS, and HOMA-IR significantly changed (P<0.01). The structure of liver cells was disordered. The protein expression levels of AMPK, Beclin1, and Atg5 in liver tissue were significantly decreased (P<0.01), while the expression level of p62 protein was significantly increased (P<0.01). The expression levels of mRNA and proteins were consistent. Compared with the model group, the body mass of the metformin group and high and medium-dose groups of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma-Coptidis Rhizoma was significantly decreased (P<0.05). FBG, FINS, and HOMA-IR were significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). After treatment, the liver structure damage in each group was alleviated to varying degrees. The protein expressions of AMPK, Beclin1, Atg5, LC3B, and ULK1 were increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), while the protein expression of p62 was decreased (P<0.01). The expression levels of mRNA and proteins were generally consistent. ConclusionThe combination of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma-Coptidis Rhizoma can effectively improve liver insulin resistance, regulate the AMPK autophagy signaling pathway, alleviate insulin resistance in db/db mice, and effectively prevent the occurrence and development of type 2 diabetes.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 131-139, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011451

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and mechanism of Shenqi Tangluo pill (SQTLP) on oxidative stress injury of skeletal muscle of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mice based on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)/NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) pathway. MethodA total of 60 7-week-old male db/db mice [specific pathogen-free (SPF) grade] were selected and fed for one week for adaption. They were divided into the model control group, SQTLP low-, medium- and high-dose (19, 38, and 76 g·kg-1) groups and metformin group (0.26 g·kg-1) by gavage. Each group consisted of 12 mice. Twelve male db/m mice of the same age were selected as the blank group. The intervention was implemented continuously for 8 weeks. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was detected. Fasting serum insulin (FINS) levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index and the homeostasis model assessment-insulin sensitivity index (HOMA-ISI) were calculated. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were conducted. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) in skeletal muscle tissues were detected by biochemical kits. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes in skeletal muscle tissues. The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) in skeletal muscle tissue were detected by immunofluorescence (IF). The expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 and glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC) proteins in skeletal muscle tissues were detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with those in the blank group, FBG, FINS and HOMA-IR in the model group were significantly increased (P<0.05), while HOMA-ISI was decreased (P<0.05). The results of OGTT and ITT showed that blood glucose was significantly increased at all time points (P<0.05), and glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance were significantly impaired. SOD and GSH-Px activities in skeletal muscle tissues were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and MDA and NADPH contents were significantly increased (P<0.05). In skeletal muscle tissues, the arrangement of muscle fibers was loose, the nucleus was disordered, and inflammatory cells were infiltrated. The expression levels of ROS and 4-HNE in skeletal muscle tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 and GCLC in skeletal muscle tissues were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with those in the model group, FBG, FINS and HOMA-IR in the metformin group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while HOMA-ISI was increased (P<0.05). The results of OGTT and ITT showed that blood glucose in the metformin group was significantly decreased at all time points (P<0.05). The activities of SOD and GSH-Px in skeletal muscle tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the contents of MDA and NADPH were significantly decreased (P<0.05). No obvious abnormality was found in the skeletal muscle tissue of the metformin group. The expressions of ROS and 4-HNE in skeletal muscle tissues were decreased (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 and GCLC in skeletal muscle tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with those in the model group, FBG, FINS and HOMA-IR in the SQTLP medium- and high-dose groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while HOMA-ISI was increased (P<0.05). The results of OGTT and ITT showed that the glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance of mice were improved in each dose group of SQTLP. The GSH-Px activity in the SQTLP low-dose group was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the NADPH content was decreased (P<0.05). The activities of SOD and GSH-Px in the SQTLP medium- and high-dose groups were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the contents of MDA and NADPH were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The skeletal muscle tissue injury of mice in each dose group of SQTLP was ameliorated to different degrees. In the SQTLP medium- and high-dose groups, the expressions of ROS and 4-HNE were decreased (P<0.05), and the protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 and GCLC were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with those in the SQTLP low-dose group, FBG and HOMA-IR in the SQTLP high-dose group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while HOMA-ISI was increased (P<0.05). The results of OGTT and ITT showed that the SQTLP high-dose group significantly improved the glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance of mice. The activities of SOD and GSH-Px in skeletal muscle tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the contents of MDA and NADPH were significantly decreased (P<0.05). No obvious abnormality was found in the skeletal muscle tissue, the expressions of ROS and 4-HNE were decreased (P<0.05), and the protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 and GCLC were significantly increased (P<0.05) in the skeletal muscle tissue of the SQTLP high-dose group. ConclusionSQTLP can significantly improve IR in T2DM mice, and the mechanism is related to SQTLP activating the Nrf2/HO-1/NQO1 signaling pathway, promoting the expression of antioxidant enzymes, and thus improving the oxidative stress injury in the skeletal muscle.

3.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 664-671, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012275

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of embryo quality at different developmental stages on the secondary sex ratio (SSR) of single live birth neonates. Methods: Data for patients with singleton live births after embryo transferred between January 2016 and January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The effect of embryo quality at different development stages on the SSR of 11 713 singleton live births were investigated. The association of SSR and embryo quality at different development stages was examined in univariate analysis and in a multivariate logistic regression model, after adjustment for confounders, using two models (Ⅰ and Ⅱ). Results: The age of both male and female, body mass index of both male and female, basal follicle stimulating hormone and estradiol, smoking of male, methods of insemination, methods of sperm extraction, types of transfer cycle and the number of embryo transferred were not related with SSR (all P>0.05). After adjustment for confounders, the probability of a male live birth was higher after transfer of good-quality blastula than after transfer of poorer-quality blastula (model Ⅰ: aOR=0.73, 95%CI: 0.65-0.82, P<0.001; model Ⅱ: aOR=0.73, 95%CI: 0.65-0.82, P<0.001). The quality of cleavage stage embryo was not associated with SSR (model Ⅰ: aOR=0.99, 95%CI: 0.87-1.13, P=0.937; model Ⅱ: aOR=0.99, 95%CI: 0.87-1.13, P=0.899). Conclusions: The SSR of singleton live births after embryo transfer is not correlated with the quality of cleavage stage embryo, but is correlated with the quality of blastula. Good-quality blastula transfer is more likely to result in a male live birth.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Humans , Male , Female , Live Birth , Retrospective Studies , Sex Ratio , Semen , Blastocyst
4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 597-604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996466

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To systematically review the efficacy and safety of transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TFTAVR) under local anesthesia (LA) and general anesthesia (GA). Methods    Electronic databases including PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, WanFang and CBM were searched to collect randomized controlled trial and cohort studies on clinical outcomes of TFTAVR under LA and GA from inception to September 2020. Two authors independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the quality of studies, and a meta-analysis was performed by using Stata 16.0 software. Results    A total of 30 studies involving 52 087 patients were included in this study. There were 18 719 patients in the LA group and 33 368 patients in the GA group. The results of meta-analysis showed that the in-hospital all-cause mortality rate [RR=0.65, 95%CI (0.45, 0.94), P=0.021], 30-day all-cause mortality rate [RR=0.73, 95%CI (0.62, 0.86), P<0.001], 30-day stroke [RR=0.82, 95%CI (0.68, 0.98), P=0.025], cardiac arrest [RR=0.50, 95%CI (0.34, 0.73), P<0.001], ICU stay time [RR=−6.86, 95%CI (−12.31, −1.42), P=0.013], and total hospital stay  time [RR=−2.02, 95%CI (−2.59, −1.45), P<0.001] in the LA group were all better than those in the GA group. There was no significant difference in the in-hospital stroke [RR=0.83, 95%CI (0.69, 1.00), P=0.053], in-hospital myocardial infarction (MI) [RR=1.74, 95%CI (0.43, 7.00), P=0.434], or 30-day MI [RR=0.77, 95%CI (0.42, 1.42), P=0.404] between the two groups. Conclusion    LA provides a safe and effective way to induce sedation without intubation, and may be a good alternative to GA for TFTAVR.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 61-68, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988181

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo reveal the intervention effect of Dahuang Mudantang on pancreatic injury in rats with acute pancreatitis (AP) of dampness-heat in large intestine syndrome and explore its possible mechanism based on network pharmacology. MethodNinety-six SPF-grade Wistar rats were randomly divided into the following six groups: a blank group, a model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose Dahuang Mudantang groups (3.5, 7, and 14 g·kg-1), and a Qingyi Lidan granules group (3 g·kg-1), with 16 rats in each group. The AP model of dampness-heat in large intestine syndrome was induced in rats except for those in the blank group by "high-temperature and high-humidity environment + high-sugar and high-fat diet + retrograde injection of 5% sodium taurocholate into the pancreaticobiliary duct". The blank and model groups received equal volumes of distilled water by gavage, while the treatment groups were administered Dahuang Mudantang or Qingyi Lidan granules 1 hour before modeling, and 12 and 24 hours after modeling. Samples were collected 1 hour after the last administration. The general conditions of the rats were observed. The AP model of dampness-heat in large intestine syndrome was evaluated. Serum amylase (AMS) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined using biochemical methods. Pancreatic tissue morphology was observed using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Network pharmacology was employed to predict potential targets of Dahuang Mudantang in the intervention in AP, and molecular biology technique was used to verify relevant targets. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group exhibited lethargy, unkempt fur, loose and foul-smelling stools, elevated anal temperature with arching and twisting reactions, significantly increased serum levels of AMS and CRP (P<0.05), abnormal pancreatic ductules, disordered interlobular spaces, and inflammatory cell infiltration in histopathological examination, as well as pathological changes including pancreatic acinar cell swelling, congestion, and necrosis. Compared with the model group, the treatment groups showed varying degrees of improvement in general survival conditions, reduced twisting reactions, visibly improved stool characteristics, reduced pancreatic tissue edema and necrosis, decreased serum AMS and CRP levels (P<0.05), with the high-dose Dahuang Mudantang group showing the most pronounced effects (P<0.05). Network pharmacology prediction indicated that hederagenin, β-sitosterol, and quercetin were the most widely connected active compounds with disease targets. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis revealed that protein kinase B (Akt), tumor protein P53 (TP53), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), transcription factor (JUN), vascular endothelial growth factor α (VEGFα), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM1) were key targets in the "drug-disease" interaction. KEGG enrichment analysis suggested that the response of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway might be a core mechanism for DHMDT in the intervention in AP. Molecular biology analysis showed that compared with the blank group, the model group had significantly increased levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and VCAM-1 in pancreatic tissue (P<0.05), as well as significantly elevated expression levels of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2), and human antigen R (HUR) genes and proteins (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the treatment groups exhibited decreased levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and VCAM-1 in pancreatic tissue (P<0.05), reduced expression levels of p38 MAPK, MK2, and HUR genes and proteins, with the high-dose Dahuang Mudantang group showing the most pronounced effects (P<0.05). ConclusionDahuang Mudantang activates and regulates the p38 MAPK/MK2/HUR signaling pathway to suppress the release of inflammatory factors, thereby improving pancreatic injury.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1004-1010, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985512

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the association between exposure patterns of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and anxiety symptom trajectories in medical college students. Methods: A survey was conducted on first-year students from Anhui Medical College and Anqing Medical College, using the Childhood Abuse Questionnaire, Family Disability Questionnaire, Childhood Adverse Social Experience Item, and Anxiety Self Rating Scale. The baseline survey was conducted from November to December 2019, and two follow-up visits were conducted once every six months until November to December 2020. The latent class analysis (LCA) was used to analyze the exposure patterns of ACEs. The latent class growth analysis (LCGA) was used to analyze the development trajectory of anxiety symptoms. The multiple logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation between different exposure patterns of ACEs and the trajectory of anxiety symptom trajectories. Results: A total of 3 662 college students aged (19.2±1.0) were surveyed. The LCA showed that the exposure patterns of ACEs could be divided into the "high ACEs" group (13.4%), "high neglect/emotional abuse" group (25.7%), "high family dysfunction" group (6.9%), "high neglect" group (27.1%), and "low ACEs" group (26.3%). The LCGA divided anxiety trajectories into four groups: "high anxiety decline" (7.1%),"anxiety increase "(4.1%), "moderate anxiety"(52.9%), and "low anxiety"(35.9%). Using the low ACEs group as a reference group, compared with the low anxiety trajectory, the high ACEs group, high neglect/emotional abuse group, high family dysfunction group, high neglect group, and medium to high-level anxiety trajectory were all associated with an increased risk (P<0.05). Conclusion: There is heterogeneity in ACEs exposure patterns among medical college students, and ACEs exposure patterns are important influencing factors for anxiety symptom trajectories.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Anxiety/epidemiology , Child Abuse/psychology , Students/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984577

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Dahuang Mudantang in alleviating the intestinal injury in the rat model of acute pancreatitis via the high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1)/receptor for advanced glycation endproduct (RAGE)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway. MethodOne hundred and twenty SPF-grade Wistar rats received retrograde injection of 5% sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct for the modeling of intestinal injury in acute pancreatitis. The rats were randomized into blank, model, low-, medium-, and high-dose (3.5, 7, 14 g·kg-1, administrated by gavage) Dahuang Mudantang, and octreotide (1×10-5 g·kg-1, subcutaneous injection) groups (n=20). The rats in blank and model groups received equal volume of distilled water by gavage. Drugs were administered 1 h before and every 12 h after modeling, and samples were collected 24 h after modeling. The general status of the rats was observed. The biochemical methods were employed to measure the levels of amylase (AMS) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the serum. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed to measure the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 in the colon tissue. The morphological changes of pancreatic and colon tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot were employed to measure the expression levels of HMGB1, RAGE, inhibitor of NF-κB kinase (IKK), and NF-κB suppressor protein α(IκBα)in the colon tissue. ResultThe rats in the model group showed poor general survival, writhing response, reduced frequency of defecation, and dry stool. The symptoms of rats in the model group were mitigated in each treatment group, and the high-dose Dahuang Mudantang showed the most significant effect. Compared with the normal group, the model group had elevated AMS and CRP levels (P<0.05), which were lowered by Dahuang Mudantang (P<0.05), especially that at the high dose (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the modeling elevated that levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 (P<0.05). Such elevations were lowered by Dahuang Mudantang (P<0.05), and the high-dose group and the octreotide group showed better performance (P<0.05). The modeling caused necrotic, congested, and destructed pancreatic and colonic tissues, which were ameliorated by the drugs, especially high-dose Dahuang Mudantang. Compared with the normal group, the modeling up-regulated the mRNA levels of HMGB1, RAGE, IKK, IκBα, and NF-κB (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, Dahuang Mudantang and octreotide down-regulated the mRNA levels of HMGB1, RAGE, IKK, IκBα, and NF-κB (P<0.05), and the high-dose Dahuang Mudantang demonstrated the best performance (P<0.05). Western blot results showed a trend consistent with the results of Real-time PCR. ConclusionDahuang Mudantang can improved the general status, reduce inflammation, and alleviate histopathological changes in the pancreatic and colon tissues in the rat model of acute pancreatitis by inhibiting the HMGB1/RAGE/NF-κB signaling pathway.

8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 381-385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical effect of percutaneous minimally invasive osteotomy with 8-shaped bandage and hallux valgus splint fixation in treating moderate hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#Totally 23 patients with moderate hallux valgus were treated with percutaneous minimally invasive osteotomy with 8-shaped bandage and hallux valgus splint fixation from August 2019 to January 2021, and 1 patient was loss to follow-up, and finally 22 patients(30 feet) were included, 4 males (6 feet) and 18 females(24 feet), aged from 27 to 66 years old with an average of(50.59±11.95) years old. Hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), metatarsal span (the distance between the first and the fifth metatarsal bones), changed of soft tissue width, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) score, and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were collected and compared before operation and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-two patients were followed up from 5.7 to 6.4 months with an average of (6.13±0.85) months. The first metatarsal osteotomy of patients were obtained bone union, and deformity of the toes was corrected. Complications such as avascular necrosis of metatarsal head and transfer metatarsalgia were not occurred. Postoperative HVA, IMA, metatarsal span, soft tissue width, VAS, AOFAS score at 6 months were significantly improved compared with pre-operation (P<0.01). According to AOFAS score at 6 months after operation, 10 feet were excellent, 18 good and 2 poor. Two feet with poor were excellent after prolonged 8-shaped bandage and hallux valgus splint fixation time.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous minimally invasive osteotomy with 8-shaped bandage and hallux valgus splint fixation for the treatment of moderate hallux valgus could better correct deformity of hallux valgus, relieve foot symptoms, good recovery of postoperative function, and has a significant clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Splints , Radiography , Bunion , Treatment Outcome , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Osteotomy , Bandages
9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 240-248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973495

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate effectiveness and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement in the treatment of aortic regurgitation. Methods     PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP were searched from inception to August 2021. According to the criteria of inclusion and exclusion, two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted the data and evaluated the quality of the included studies. Then, Stata 16.0 software was used for meta-analysis. Subgroup meta-analysis of valve type used and study type was performed. Results    Twenty-five studies (12 cohort studies and 13 single-arm studies) were included with 4 370 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that an incidence of device success was 87% (95%CI 0.81-0.92). The success rate of the new generation valve subgroup was 93% (95%CI 0.89-0.96), and the early generation valve subgroup was 66% (95%CI 0.56-0.75). In addition, the 30-day all-cause mortality was 7% (95%CI 0.05-0.10), the 30-day cardiac mortality was 4% (95%CI 0.01-0.07), the incidence of pacemaker implantation was 10% (95%CI 0.08-0.13), and the incidence of conversion to thoraco-tomy was 2% (95%CI 0.01-0.04). The incidence of moderate or higher paravalvular aortic regurgitation was 6% (95%CI  0.03-0.09). Conclusion     Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for aortic regurgitation is safe and yields good results, but some limitations can not be overcome. Therefore, multicenter randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm our results.

10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 935-938, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006650

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP), known as COVID-19 for short, is a new infectious disease that spreads rapidly. Since the outbreak of the epidemic, the global epidemic situation is still grim. It is necessary for a comprehensive grade triple-A hospital to strictly control the transmission risk in the hospital and ensure the life and health safety of medical staff, other patients and accompanying staff, in addition to fulfilling its responsibility of treating COVID-19 patients. In this context, unprecedented challenges have been posed to the routine work flow of the hospital, including personnel management, system construction, supply and logistics support, and infection control. The paper summarizes the experience in hospital logistics support management, aiming at exploring strategies for coping with the COVID-19 epidemic.

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 114-120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913002

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, atezolizumab, a programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has shown clinical efficacies against many different solid malignancies. In late October 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to atezolizumab for the treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy. With the development of clinical trials, the applications of atezolizumab in lung cancer treatment have gradually expanded. In this review, we summarized the current clinical status of atezolizumab in the treatment of lung cancer.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 624-633, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934907

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To systematically review the clinical outcome of patients with new-onset left bundle branch block (LBBB) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods    Electronic search was performed in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang and CBM databases to identify studies about the new-onset LBBB after TAVR from inception to March 19, 2022. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies, then, meta-analysis was performed by using Stata 15.0 software. Results    A total of 17 cohort studies were included, covering 9 205 patients, including 2 202 patients with new-onset LBBB and 7 003 without new-onset LBBB after TAVR. The results of meta-analysis showed that patients with new-onset LBBB after TAVR at 30-day (RR=1.65, 95%CI 1.30 to 2.10, P<0.001) and 1-year (RR=1.30, 95%CI 1.16 to 1.45, P<0.001) all-cause mortality was higher than no new-onset LBBB group. One-year cardiovascular mortality was higher in the new-onset LBBB group (RR=1.47, 95%CI 1.21 to 1.79, P<0.001). In the occurrence of 30-day (RR=1.51, 95%CI 1.10 to 2.08, P=0.011) and 1-year (RR=1.34, 95%CI 1.14 to 1.58, P=0.001) rehospitalization rate, 30-day (RR=3.05, 95% CI 1.49 to   6.22, P=0.002) and 1-year (RR=2.15, 95%CI 1.52 to 3.03, P<0.001) pacemaker implantation, the incidence of patients with new-onset LBBB was higher than that of the no new-onset LBBB group. Conclusion    Compared with the patients without LBBB after TAVR, the clinical prognosis of patients with new-onset LBBB after TAVR is poor. In the future, the management and follow-up of the patients with LBBB after TAVR should be further strengthened to improve the prognosis of patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 531-539, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940919

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare the distribution of the high-risk population of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer and the factors influencing the compliance rate of endoscopic screening in urban China and rural China. Methods: From 2015 to 2017, an epidemiological survey was conducted on residents aged 40-69 in two rural areas (Luoshan county of Henan province, Sheyang county of Jiangsu province) and two urban areas (Changsha city of Hunan province, Harbin city of Heilongjiang province). As a result, high-risk individuals were recommended for endoscopic screening. Chi-square χ(2) test was used to compare the high-risk rate of UGI cancer between urban and rural residents. In addition, the multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors influencing the compliance rate of endoscopic screening. Results: A total of 48, 310 residents aged 40-69 were enrolled in this study, including 22 870 (47.34%) residents from rural areas and 25 440 (52.66%) residents from urban areas. A total of 23 532 individuals were assessed with a high risk of UGI cancer, with an overall risk rate of 48.71%. A higher proportion of participants with high risk was observed in rural China (56.17%, 12 845/22 870) than in urban China (42.01%, 10 687/25 440). A total of 10 971 high-risk individuals with UGI cancer participated in endoscopic screening, with an overall compliance rate of 46.62% (10 971/23 532), 45.15% (5 799/12 845) in rural China, and 48.40% (5 172/10 687) in urban China. In rural population, the compliance rate of endoscopic screening was higher in those of females, aged 50-69 years, primary school education or above, high income, a family history of UGI cancer, history of gastric and duodenal ulcer, history of reflux esophagitis, and history of superficial gastritis, but lower in smokers (P<0.05). Among the urban population, the compliance rate of endoscopic screening was higher in those aged 40-49 years, uneducated, low income, family history of UGI cancer, history of reflux esophagitis, history of superficial gastritis, but lower in smokers (P<0.05). Conclusions: The proportion of participants with high risk of UGI cancer in rural areas is higher than that of urban areas. The compliance rates of endoscopic screening in urban and rural areas are low, and influencing factors of endoscopic screening exhibit some differences in rural China and urban China.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , China/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophagitis, Peptic , Gastritis , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Rural Population , Urban Population
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1503-1507, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906603

ABSTRACT

@#Acute lung injury is one of the common and serious complications of acute aortic dissection, and it greatly affects the recovery of patients. Old age, overweight, hypoxemia, smoking history, hypotension, extensive involvement of dissection and pleural effusion are possible risk factors for the acute lung injury before operation. In addition, deep hypothermia circulatory arrest and blood product infusion can further aggravate the acute lung injury during operation. In this paper, researches on risk factors, prediction model, prevention and treatment of acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury were reviewed, in order to provide assistance for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 217-220, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880647

ABSTRACT

Type A aortic dissection (AD) is a critical and severe disease with high mortality. The Sun's operation is a standard surgical method for this kind of disease at present. For the procedure, an elephant trunk stent is inserted into the true lumen of the descending aorta and the aortic arch is replaced. A patient was admitted to the First Hospital of Lanzhou University due to sudden chest and back pain for 6 days. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed type A AD. Ascending aorta replacement, Sun's operation, and ascending aorta to right femoral artery bypass grafting were performed. After surgery, the patient's condition was worsened. The digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed the elephant trunk stent was inserted into the false lumen of AD, leading to the occlusion of the large blood vessel at the distal part of the abdominal aorta and below. Although we performed intima puncture and endovascular aortic repair, the patient was still dead.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 693-699, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822572

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical outcomes of bicuspid aortic valve stenosis (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve stenosis (TAV) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods    A computer-based search in PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI and Wanfang databases from their date of inception to March 2019 was conducted. Two reviewers independently screened the articles, extracted data and evaluated their quality. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.0 softwares were used for meta-analysis. Results    The selected 15 cohort studies contained 45 770 patients, including 1 500 of BAV patients and 44 270 of TAV patients. The results showed that no statistical difference was found in postoperative in-hospital mortality [OR=1.29, 95%CI (0.91, 1.83), P=0.15], 30-day mortality [OR=1.23, 95%CI (0.86, 1.77), P=0.25], and 1-year mortality [OR=1.14, 95%CI (0.87, 1.50), P=0.33] between the two groups. The surgical success rate [OR=0.57, 95%CI (0.44, 0.74), P<0.01], postoperative bleeding events [OR=0.72, 95%CI (0.58, 0.91), P<0.01] and postoperative vascular injury [OR=0.68, 95%CI (0.47, 0.97), P=0.03] of patients in the BAV group were lower than those in the TAV group. The incidence of paravalvular leak in the BAV group was higher than that in the TAV group [OR=1.47, 95%CI (1.13, 1.90), P<0.01]. No significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of conversion to surgery, postoperative myocardial infarction, postoperative renal failure, postoperative neurologic events, postoperative valve gradient difference and pacemaker implantation. Conclusion    Compared with TAV, the application of TAVR in BAV patients is feasible and effective.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 465-468, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of intravenous leiomyomatosis involving the heart.Methods:From March 2009 to December 2018, 5 patients with intravenous leiomyomatosis with cardiac involvement were collected from The First Hospital of Lanzhou University.All patients were admitted to the hospital as space occupying lesions of right atrium.The relevant data such as echocardiography, CT and MRI were recorded.The preoperative diagnosis, surgical methods and therapeutic effect of the patients were analyzed and summarized.Results:All the 5 patients were female with an average age of (45.8±2.2) years old.Their clinical manifestations were chest tightness and shortness of breath.Three patients had a history of giant hysteromyoma.Echocardiography was performed in all patients, and 3 of them obviously extended to the inferior chamber.Cardiopulmonary bypass was established and thoracoabdominal incision was performed, and the tumors were completely resected in 5 patients, and the origin of tumors was consistent with the result of MRI in 3 cases.The tumor originated from the right uterine vein in 3 cases, and 2 cases originated from the right ovarian vein and was intubated in the femoral vein.The operation was smooth and the postoperative recovery was good.All patients were discharged smoothly.No tumor recurrence was found in pelvic cavity, inferior vena cava and heart after 1 year follow-up.Conclusion:Venous leiomyomatosis involving the heart is rare and easy to be misdiagnosed.Most of them are diagnosed as right atrial space occupying lesions.The diagnosis can be improved by echocardiography, CT and MRI before operation.The operation mode should be adjusted according to the intraoperative findings and different origins, and the tumor should be completely removed as far as possible, and combined with gynecology consultation if necessary.The short-term follow-up showed good prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1446-1453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837698

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the complications of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) between aortic valve stenosis (AS) patients ≥90 years and patients <90 years, and to explore the efficacy and safety of TAVR in AS patients ≥90 years. Methods    Databases including PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMbase, Medline, CNKI, Wanfang Data and China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) were searched by computer from inception to May 2019. Two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted the data and evaluated the quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.0 were used for meta-analysis. Results    A total of 12 cohort studies were included, including 60 186 patients (11 350 patients ≥90 years and 48 836 patients <90 years). Meta-analysis showed that compared with the patients <90 years, those ≥90 years had higher all-cause mortality in the hospital (OR=1.51, 95%CI 1.37 to 1.66, P<0.000 01), on postoperative 30 d (OR=1.68, 95%CI 1.50 to 1.89, P<0.000 01) and at postoperative 1 year (OR=1.36, 95%CI 1.25 to 1.48, P<0.000 01), and had higher incidence of stroke (OR=1.31, 95%CI 1.18 to 1.46, P<0.000 01), bleeding events (OR=1.14, 95%CI 1.07 to 1.20, P<0.000 01) and vascular complications (OR=1.31, 95%CI 1.18 to 1.46, P<0.000 01). Conclusion    All-cause mortality and the incidence of some complications after TAVR in AS patients ≥90 years are higher than those in patients <90 years, but this difference is clinically acceptable. Therefore, TAVR treatment is safe and  effective for elderly patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 594-599, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristic of ultrasound in diagnosing fetal intestinal volvulus.Methods:From April 2015 to May 2018, four cases of fetal intestinal volvulus indicated by prenatal ultrasound in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College and confirmed either by autopsy or by postnatal surgery, were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 11 ultrasound scans had been performed on the four cases, and the dynamic and static ultrasound features were summarized. Pregnancy outcomes and concomitant malformations were also followed up. Descriptive statistical analysis was used.Results:The direct ultrasonographic patterns of intestinal volvulus in the four cases were "whirlpool" signs (six times), clockwise wrapping of branch vessels of the superior mesenteric vein and the superior mesenteric artery (five times), and "coffee bean" sign (three times); the indirect signs included dilated small intestine (11 times), ascites (eight times), polyhydramnios (five times), peritoneal calcification(four times), pseudocysts(once). Out of the 11 ultrasound examinations, early-stage volvulus was detected on three occasions, all with "whirlpool" signs and clockwise wrapping of branch vessels of the superior mesenteric vein and the superior mesenteric artery. As the disease progressed to the meconium peritonitis stage, indirect signs emerged while the initial two signs can diminished. Postnatal surgery or autopsy after labor induction confirmed the segmental volvulus in the four cases, of which three were complicated by intestinal atresia. No intestinal malrotation was found.Conclusion:Typical direct signs and atypical indirect signs could be identified in the sonogram findings of fetal volvulus, and are important for diagnosing fetal volvulus.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 499-505, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) on cognitive function in obese mice.Methods:Male C57BL/6J and TLR2 knockout mice were divided into control group, obesity group, TLR2 knockout group, and TLR2 knockout obesity group according to standard diet or high-fat diet. After 16 weeks, water maze experiments were performed to test the learning and memory ability of mice in each group. The body weight and blood lipid biochemical indexes of the mice in each group were measured. Immunohistochemical analys was used to detect amyloid-β (Aβ) protein expression in the hippocampus. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65, phosphorylated (p-) NF-κB p65, low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1), and Aβ protein.Results:Compared with the standard control group, the expressions of TLR2, NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, and Aβ protein in obesity group were significantly increased, LRP1 protein expression level was reduced, and the learning and memory ability of mice was significantly reduced. Compared with the obese group, the expression levels of NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, and Aβ protein in the TLR2 gene knockout obesity group decreased, while the expression level of LRP1 protein increased. The memory and learning ability of these mice was significantly improved.Conclusion:TLR2 deficiency may improve the cognitive function of obese mice by inhibiting the TLR2/NF-κB pathway. The mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of LRP1 protein expression.

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