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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of wide detector multi-slice spiral CT target scanning technique in the preoperative evaluation of pancreatic cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 22 patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent pancreatic arterial contrast enhanced CT scanning and were diagnosed by pathology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from September 2019 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The CT phantom experiment was carried out on the international standard phantom CATPHON500. By changing the scanning radiation dose, scanning mode and scanning field of view, the spatial resolution and density resolution of the image were compared and analyzed. The target scan technical parameters obtained from the experiment were applied to the late arterial phase of MDCT enhanced scan in 22 patients with pancreatic cancer. Executive current, volume scanning mode and small scanning field were used for scanning. The attenuation value (CT value) and noise value (SD value) of pancreatic cancer tissue and normal pancreatic tissue were measured at different phases, the attenuation difference and contrast signal-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the two tissues were calculated, the contrast difference between the two tissues was evaluated, and the CT values of celiac trunk, renal artery and vein, superior mesenteric artery and vein, splenic vein and portal vein were measured, and the display of tumor tissue and peripancreatic important vessels was evaluated.Results:In the phantom experiment, under the condition of the same radiation dose, the image quality of the volume scan mode was better than that of the spiral scan mode (1%@4 mm versus 1%@9 mm at 5 mGy and 1%@2 mm versus 1%@6 mm at 25 mGy). In comparison between pancreatic tumor and pancreatic tissue, the enhancement process of pancreatic tumor tissue was increased at first and then decreased, while that of pancreatic tumor tissue was slightly enhanced. The attenuation difference between pancreatic tissue and tumor tissue and CNR also increased at first and then decreased, reaching the maximum at the late arterial stage [(91.96±29.29)HU, 8.60±5.71]. The differences between each phase were statistically significant ( F values were 47.20 and 19.80 respectively, all P values <0.05). The evaluation of vascular variation and invasion showed that a better arterial phase image could be obtained on the late arterial target scan images, while taking into account the display of splenic vein, mesenteric vein and portal vein. Conclusions:The wide detector MDCT target scanning technique can improve the spatial resolution and density resolution of the image, greatly improve the contrast between tumor tissue and peripancreatic tissue and blood vessels, and provide more accurate tumor staging and resectability evaluation information for preoperative evaluation of pancreatic cancer.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the degree of professional autonomy of nurses in Pediatric Nursing Alliance and the status of pediatric nursing practice environment, which providing guidance for the development of a series of specialized training in the alliance.Methods:Stratified random sampling method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey on nursing staff of different professional levels in Pediatric Nursing Alliance, which through the questionnaire star by using the questionnaire general information and training demand questionnaire, nurses practice professional autonomy scale, pediatric nursing staff structural empowerment questionnaire and nursing practice influencing factors questionnaire through the questionnaire star.Results:The total score for professional autonomy of nurses in the pediatric alliance was 192.66±18.63, the structural empowerment ( OR=1.137, 95% CI=1.084-1.194), lack of caring team ( OR=2.763, 95% CI=1.443-5.292) and performance evaluation ( OR=0.498, 95% CI= 0.274-0.908), specialized education and professional experience ( OR=0.548, 95% CI= 0.334-0.871) were affecting the clinical nursing practice. Conclusion:The degree of professional autonomy of nurses in the Pediatric Nursing Alliance is in the middle and high level. Key factors affecting nursing practice including insufficient structural empowerment, lack of opportunities to continue learning, lack of nursing teams, lack of effectiveness evaluation and the lack of specialized education and work experience, which guiding the pediatric nursing alliance to continuously deepen the connotation of pediatric nursing professional and innovative team collaboration new model, utilize the advantages of resources to actively cultivate specialized nursing research personnel, carry out multi-disciplinary and cross-disciplinary cooperation, improve the nursing quality evaluation index system, so as to enhance the professional nursing service capacity and value.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3547-3554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906827

ABSTRACT

According to the commonly used tablet compressibility, compactability and tabletability equation, the influence of pressure range on the fitting results and parameters of different compression equations was studied, and the optimal pressure range of different equations was determined. Plastic material microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) PH102, brittle material spray dried lactose and Chinese medicine Sanqi were used as experimental objects, the compression curves of tablets were obtained by the combination of dies with different diameters. For Heckel equation, the shape of Heckel section of different materials is not uniform, and the specified linear fitting range cannot be obtained, therefore, different distances between fitting pressure starting point and starting point were set to observe the influence of pressure range on R2 of Heckel equation. The Kawakita equation, Gurnham equation, Ryshkewitch-Duckworth (R-D) equation and Power equation are fitted in three different pressure ranges of 15-200, 15-300 and 15-400 MPa, respectively. In order to find the best linear region of Heckel equation, the 3D scatter diagram of "starting point of pressure, pressure range and R2" is drawn. The best linear pressure ranges of Heckel curves of MCC, lactose and Sanqi were 20-170, 20-220 and 10-90 MPa, respectively. It is proved that the 3D scatter diagram is an effective method to find the linear range of Heckel equation. The change of pressure range has little influence on the curve fitting effect and compression parameters of Kawakita equation, Gurnham equation and Ryshkewitch-Duckworth equation. The low pressure range of 15-200 MPa can meet the fitting requirements of Kawakita equation, Gurnham equation, R-D equation and Power equation for different materials. Therefore, only by optimizing the pressure range, can the good fitting effect be ensured and the obtained compression parameters be more reliable and interpretable.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of particle size on density of binary powder mixture of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and to provide reference for formulation design of TCM preparations. Method:Three groups of binary powder mixtures with different particle size ratio (<italic>α</italic>) were constructed, namely Oroxyli Semen-microcrystalline cellulose PH102 (MCC PH102) (<italic>α</italic>=0.071 7), Stellariae Radix-MCC PH200 (<italic>α</italic>=0.158 7) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix-MCC KG802 (<italic>α</italic>=0.840 6). Binary powder mixtures with nine mass ratios (90∶10, 80∶20, 70∶30, 60∶40, 50∶50, 40∶60, 30∶70, 20∶80 and 10∶90) were prepared for each group, and 27 binary powder mixtures containing TCM were obtained. The particle size distribution, density and other parameters of six single materials and 27 binary powder mixtures were characterized. Based on the packing theory and multivariate analysis, the effects of particle size related parameters on the filling structure and density of the binary powder mixtures were elucidated. Result:The <italic>α</italic> of Angelicae Sinensis Radix-MCC KG802 binary mixture system was larger than the replacement rate (<italic>α</italic><sub>r</sub>=0.741 0), and its density had a good linear relationship with the mass ratio, which conformed to the replacement mechanism. The <italic>α</italic> of Oroxyli Semen-MCC PH102 binary mixture system was smaller than the critical ratio (<italic>α</italic><sub>c</sub>=0.154 0), and its density was nonlinear with the mass ratio of components, which conformed to the filling mechanism. The <italic>α</italic> of Stellariae Radix-MCC PH200 binary mixture system was between <italic>α</italic><sub>c</sub> and <italic>α</italic><sub>r</sub>, its density was affected by both of replacement mechanism and filling mechanism. Based on the partial least squares (PLS) model, the variable importance in the projection (VIP) analysis further proved that the mixing mass ratio (VIP value=1.62), <italic>α</italic> (VIP value=1.13) and <italic>D</italic><sub>10</sub> (the corresponding particle size when the particle size distribution accumulated to 10%, VIP value=1.06) were the key factors affecting the density of binary powder mixtures of TCM. Conclusion:In the binary powder mixtures of TCM, the linearity relationship between density and mass ratio is largely depended on particle size difference of components.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1780-1784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of RITA on TP53 mutant human mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell line Mino and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Mino cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 and treated with RITA at a concentration of 0-16 μmol/L for 24,48,72 hours. Cell viability was assessed by CCK-8 assay. The cells were treated by RITA (0-8 μmol/L) for 48 h, the cell apoptosis induced by RITA was detected by annexin V/PI flow cytometry. Western blot was performed to evaluate the expression of protein BCL-2, Caspase-3, Cleaved Caspase-3, PARP, MDM2, and P53 in Mino cells.@*RESULTS@#After treatment with 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 μmol/L RITA for 48 h, the proliferation inhibition rate of Mino cells was (1.2±5.6)%, (14.9±4.9)%, (41.7±5.0)%, (61.8±2.4)%, (70.2±2.8)%, and (70.8±2.4)%, respectively. RITA could inhibit the proliferation of Mino cells significantly, and statistical analysis showed that the inhibition rate was increased with the increasing of RITA concentration (r=0.767). After the cells were treated by 4 μmol/L RITA for 24, 48, and 72 h, the proliferation inhibition rate was (25.2±3.8)%, (61.8±2.4)%, and (87.0±0.7)%, respectively. Satistical analysis showed that the inhibition rate was also increased with the increasing of treatment time (r=0.978). The apoptosis rate of Mino cells treated by 0, 2, 4, and 8 μmol/L RITA for 48 h was (5.4±0.4)%, (15.3±0.6)%, (38.7±1.7)%, and (50.8±1.1)%, respectively, and it showed dose-dependent manner (r=0.961). Western blot showed that with the increasing of RITA concentration, the BCL-2 protein expression was decreased in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.932), moreover, PARP cleavage and Caspase-3 activation were found, while the protein expression of MDM2 and P53 showed no change.@*CONCLUSION@#RITA can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of Mino cells significantly. The mechanism may be dependent on the Caspase pathway, but independent on the P53 pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Furans , Humans , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Mutation , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921634

ABSTRACT

The high shear wet granulation(HSWG) process of Chinese medicine has a complicated mechanism. There are many influencing factors that contribute to this process. In order to summarize the manufacturability of different kinds of materials in HSWG, this paper constructed a material library composed of 11 materials, including 4 Chinese medicine extracts and 7 pharmaceutical excipients. Each material was described by 22 physical parameters. Several binders were employed, and their density, viscosity and surface tension were characterized. Combining empirical constraints and the principle of randomization, 21 designed experiments and 8 verification experiments were arranged. The partial least squares(PLS) algorithm was used to establish a process model in prediction of the median granule size based on properties of raw materials and binders, and process parameters. The surface tension and density of binders, as well as the maximum pore saturation were identified as key variables. In the latent variable space of the HSWG process model, all materials could be divided into three categories, namely the Chinese medicine extracts, the diluents and the disintegrants. The granulation of Chinese medicine extracts required low viscosity and low amount of binder, and the resulted granule sizes were small. The diluent powders occupied a large physical space, and could be made into granules with different granule sizes by adjusting the properties of binders. The disintegrants tended to be made into large granules under the condition of aqueous binder. The combination use of material database and multivariate modeling method is conducive to innovate the knowledge discovery of the wet granulation process of Chinese medicine, and provides a basis for the formulation and process design based on material attributes.


Subject(s)
Drug Compounding , Excipients , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Particle Size , Powders , Tablets , Technology, Pharmaceutical
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885990

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of spleen-invigorating and qi-benefiting pediatric massage (tuina) for treating recurrent respiratory tract infection in children with cerebral palsy due to qi deficiency of spleen and lung. Methods: A total of 70 children with cerebral palsy who suffered from recurrent respiratory tract infection due to qi deficiency of spleen and lung were randomized into an observation group and a control group by the random number table method, with 35 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with conventional rehabilitation training, while the observation group was given additional spleen-invigorating and qi-benefiting pediatric massage, and the control group additionally took oral Yu Ping Feng granule. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by the total effective rate, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptom score, and serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) A, IgM and IgG. Results: The difference in total effective rate between the two groups after treatment was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM symptom scores in both groups decreased to varying degrees than those before treatment, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (all P<0.01); the differences in the scores of various TCM symptoms between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of IgA, IgM and IgG of the children in both groups increased to varying degrees, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The between-group differences in the IgA, IgM and IgG levels after treatment were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Spleen-invigorating and qi-benefiting pediatric massage can effectively treat recurrent respiratory tract infection due to qi deficiency of spleen and lung in children with cerebral palsy, relieve the clinical symptoms and improve immune function, and thus is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884348

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dienogest (DNG) in the treatment of refractory endometriosis-associated pain (REAP).Methods:In this study, REAP was defined according to the following criteria: (1) the pain duration was ≥12 months and visual analogue scale (VAS)≥60 mm; (2) the previous treatments with over two medicines like oral contraceptives and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system failed to achieve satisfactory relief of pain, with VAS reduction less than 50%; with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist or mifepristone, the pain could be controlled temporarily, but it recurred after discontinuation of medicines; (3) the pain could not be relieved by surgery or even repeated surgeries. In the present study, 48 patients with REAP were treated with DNG 2 mg/day orally and the clinical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. The VAS scores, levels of CA 125, estradiol, FSH, LH and changes in the size of endometriotic lesions before and after treatment were compared respectively. The side effects were also analyzed. Results:The average duration of DNG treatment was (20.1±12.8) months. After 3 months of medication, the VAS score was significantly reduced from (77.9±15.8) mm to (20.8±10.7) mm ( P<0.01), and CA 125 level was significantly reduced from (95±139) kU/L to (38±45) kU/L ( P<0.05). The effects were maintained with continuation of DNG treatment. Endometriotic lesions tended to shrink, after 12 months of DNG treatment, the size of ovarian endometriomas was reduced significantly from (3.1±1.0) cm to (1.9±1.2) cm ( P<0.05). The mean level of estradiol was maintained at 124.82-221.04 pmol/L and levels of FSH and LH did not change significantly during the treatment. The major side effect was irregular bleeding (75%, 36/48). Conclusions:DNG could effectively relieve REAP and is a well-tolerated therapy. It may supply an alternative option for patients with REAP.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883589

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of self-teaching model based on PBL teaching combined with flipped classroom in standardized residency training of orthopedics.Methods:There were 102 cases of residents who received standardized residency training from March 2017 to February 2018 in orthopedics department of Yueyang Hospital of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, among whom 55 were randomized into the observation group and 47 were divided into the control group. Traditional teaching was applied in the control group and self-teaching model was applied additionally in the observation group. At the end of the month, the teaching effect was evaluated by the department graduation examinations and questionnaire survey. SPSS 19.0 was used for t test. Results:The ability of history inquiry, diagnosis and physical examination of the residents in the observation group were higher than those in the control group. The self-study and data access ability, confidence in presenting, and satisfaction with teaching in the observation group were better than those in the control group.Conclusion:The self-teaching mode can arouse the learning initiative of residents, and increase residents' literature retrieval ability and their learning satisfaction.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881068

ABSTRACT

Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Danggui) and Ligusticum Chuanxiong Rhizoma (Chuan Xiong) herb-pair (DC) have been frequently used in Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescriptions for hundreds of years to prevent vascular diseases and alleviate pain. However, the mechanism of DC herb-pair in the prevention of liver fibrosis development was still unclear. In the present study, the effects and mechanisms of DC herb-pair on liver fibrosis were examined using network pharmacology and mouse fibrotic model. Based on the network pharmacological analysis of 13 bioactive ingredients found in DC, a total of 46 targets and 71 pathways related to anti-fibrosis effects were obtained, which was associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway, hepatic inflammation and fibrotic response. Furthermore, this hypothesis was verified using carbon tetrachloride (CCl

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical effect of zoledronic acid combined with hip replacement in treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic femoral neck fractures.Methods:152 patients with postmenopausal osteoporotic femoral neck fractures treated in our hospital from Dec. 2016 to Dec. 2018 were selected as the research subjects. According to the random number table method, they were divided into experimental group (zoledronic acid combined with hip replacement treatment) and control group (hip replacement treatment) , with 76 cases in each group. Lumbar and hip bone mineral density, Harris score, SF-36 score, bone formation markers (osteocalcin (OC) , total bone type I procollagen amino-terminal elongation peptide (PINP) , bone specific alkaline phosphate) Enzyme (BALP) ) , bone resorption markers (type I collagen carboxyterminal peptide β special sequence (β-CTX) , tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) ) , risk of periprosthetic fractures, and adverse reactions were compared.Results:There was no significant difference in lumbar bone mineral density ( t=-0.083, P=0.934) , hip bone mineral density ( t=0.081, P=0.935) , Harris score ( t=-0.051, P=0.960) , SF-36 score ( t=-0.027, P=0.978) , OC ( t=0.043, P=0.996) , PINP ( t=-0.411, P=0.682) , BALP ( t=-0.224, P=0.823) , β-CTX ( t=-1.3, P=0.196) , and TRACP-5b ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) between the two groups of patients before surgery. At 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery, the lumbar and hip bone mineral density, Harris score, and SF-36 scores were higher in the two groups than before surgery, and the experimental group of patients with lumbar bone mineral density ( t=2.113, P=0.036; t=2.049, P=0.042; t=3.824, P=0.000) , hip bone mineral density ( t=2.204, P=0.029; t=2.068, P=0.040; t=4.762, P=0.000) , Harris score ( t=2.578, P=0.011; t=2.616, P=0.010; t=2.868, P=0.005) , SF-36 score ( t=4.873, P=0.000; t=7.621, P=0.010; t=8.747, P=0.000) was significantly higher than the control group. OC, PINP, BALP, β-CTX, and TRACP-5b were lower in the two groups at 6 months after the operation than before, and the experimental group of patients with OC ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) , PINP ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) , BALP ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) , β-CTX ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) , and TRACP-5b ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) was significantly lower than the control group. The risk of periprosthetic fractures in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( χ2=4.788, P=0.028) . However, there was no significant difference in adverse reac-tion rates between the two groups ( χ2=0.336, P=0.562) . Conclusion:Zoledronic acid combined with hip replacement for postmenopausal osteoporotic femoral neck fractures can increase bone density, improve bone metabolism, reduce the risk of fractures around the prosthesis, and is safe and effective.

12.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 530-534, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862884

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of apatinib on the proliferation and apoptosis of FLT3-ITD mutant acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells, and to explore the related mechanisms.Methods:The logarithmic growth phase FLT3-ITD mutant AML cell lines MV4-11 and MOLM-13 were treated with different concentration of apatinib for 48 hours. The cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method. Flow cytometry was performed to examine the effect of apatinib on apoptosis. The cell mitochondrial membrane potential changes were detected by JC-1. Then the expression changes of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) pathway-related proteins were examined by Western blot.Results:Apatinib had proliferation inhibitory effects on both MV4-11 and MOLM-13 cells, and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC 50) at 48 hours was (2.23±0.42) μmol/L and (4.08±2.62) μmol/L, respectively. After exposure to apatinib with increasing concentrations (10, 20, 30, and 40 μmol/L) for 48 h hours, the percentage of apoptotic cells was significantly increased in MV4-11 cells [(81.95±1.15)%, (88.80±0.23)%, (97.46±0.49)%, and (99.29±0.05)%] and MOLM13 cells [(47.30±0.87)%, (67.00±3.71)%, (82.60±2.89)%, and (98.06±5.34)%] in a dose-dependent manner, and the differences were statistically significant ( F = 6 915.0, P < 0.01; F = 5 385.0, P < 0.01). Detection of mitochondrial membrane potential by JC-1 method showed that after MV4-11 and MOLM-13 cells were treated by 10, 20, 30, and 40 μmol/L apatinib for 24 hours, the JC-1 aggregate/monomer mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) ratios were 0.45±0.06, 0.19±0.07, 0.12±0.03, 0.09±0.01, and 0.84±0.05, 0.66±0.13, 0.35±0.11, 0.27±0.02, which were different from the control group (0.67±0.15 and 0.97±0.42), and the differences were statistically significant ( F = 372.3, P < 0.05; F = 276.4, P < 0.05). Western blot was performed to detect different concentration of apatinib (2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 μmol/L) on the MV4-11 cells for 24 hours, the results showed that apatinib could down-regulate the phosphorylation of VEGFR2, Src and Stat3 in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions:Apatinib can inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in AML with FLT3-ITD mutation. The possible mechanism is related to the down-regulation of phosphorylation of VEGFR2 and its downstream targets Src and Stat3.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 153-156, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862818

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of triptolide (TPL) and BET protein inhibitor JQ1 on proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induction of MLL-rearranged acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell line MV4-11, and to explore their synergistic mechanisms.Methods:MV4-11 cells in logarithmic growth phase were treated with different concentrations (100, 200, 300, and 400 nmol/L) of JQ1, 4 nmol/L TPL or different concentrations of JQ1 combined with 4 nmol/L TPL for 48 h. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method, apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry (FCM), mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by JC-1 method, and expressions of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway-related proteins were detected by Western blot.Results:The 50% inhibitory concentration ( IC50) value of MV4-11 cells treated with JQ1 for 48 h was (283.9±10.7) nmol/L. However, 4 nmol/L TPL significantly enhanced the inhibitory effect of JQ1 on proliferation of MV4-11 cells, the IC50 value of MV4-11 cells treated with JQ1 combined with TPL was (148.1±2.6) nmol/L, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 25.31, P = 0.029). The result of FCM assay showed that compared with the JQ1 alone group [(9.6±2.3)%, (12.6±1.4)%, (19.5±3.3)%, and (22.7±2.1)%], 4 nmol/L TPL combined with different concentrations (100, 200, 300, and 400 nmol/L) of JQ1 acted on MV4-11 cells for 48 h, the proportions of apoptotic cells were (16.4±1.9)%, (27.5±2.1)%, (32.9±3.6)%, and (35.5±3.0)%, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( F = 9.25, P < 0.01). After treated with 4 nmol/L TPL and JQ1 for 12 h, the level of cell membrane potential in MV4-11 cells was significantly lower than that of JQ1 single agent group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). After treated by 4 nmol/L TPL combined with JQ1 for 24 h, the levels of anti-apoptotic proteins bcl-2 and Mcl-1 decreased, and the level of pro-apoptotic protein bax increased. Conclusion:TPL can significantly enhance the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induction effects of BET protein inhibitor JQ1 on MLL-rearranged AML cells, and the mechanism may be related to enhancing the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862702

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To investigate the feasibility of near-infrared spectroscopy for detecting the coating film thickness of Tianshu tablets. <b>Method::Nine batches of Tianshu tablets were taken during the coating process. Then, their near-infrared diffuse reflection spectra were collected. The sample set was divided into calibration set and validation set by Kennard-Stone algorithm. The preprocessing method was selected. The synergy interval partial least squares (siPLS) and moving window partial least squares (mwPLS) were employed to screen the optimal spectral interval. And the corresponding quantitative calibration model of partial least squares (PLS) were established. Some evaluation parameters were adopted to assess the performance of the model. <b>Result::The method of first derivative and Norris Derivative smoothing combined with standard normal variate transformation was suitable for processing the spectra. The optimal PLS model was established in the preferred band interval of siPLS. The correlation coefficient between the predicted value and the measured value of calibration set was 0.966, and the correlation coefficient between the predicted value and the measured value of validation set was 0.991.Both root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) values were small, which showed the fitness and predictive performance of the model were favorable. <b>Conclusion::The near-infrared spectroscopy technique can be used to determine coating film thickness of Tianshu tablets with high accuracy, which provides technical supports for the in-line determination of coating thickness in the production process of traditional Chinese medicine tablets.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825229

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficiency of various agroforestry systems for snail control in plateau hilly schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Yunnan Province, so as to provide insights into the construction of agroforestry schistosomiasis control projects in plateau hilly regions. Methods The pilot areas of snail control forests with various agroforestry systems were built in snail-breeding farmlands in Eryuan County, Yunnan Province in 2010, and the economic benefits and snail control effect were investigated in 2018. In addition, a fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model was created to screen the agroforestry system with high comprehensive benefits. Results A total of 14 types of pilot areas of snail control forests with various agroforestry systems were built. Economic benefit analysis showed that the“walnut + garlic”pattern had the best economic benefit, with annual economic benefits of 270 000 Yuan/hm2, followed by the“walnut + chili”pattern (annual economic benefits of 120 000 Yuan/hm2) and the “walnut + vegetables”pattern (annual economic benefits of 105 000 Yuan/hm2). No snails were detected in 8 types of the agroforestry systems, including the“walnut + chili”pattern, the“walnut + tobacco”pattern and the“walnut + garlic”pattern; however, there were snail found with various densities in other types of systems. Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation showed that the“walnut + garlic”pattern had the best comprehensive control effect, followed by the“walnut + chili”pattern and the“walnut + tobacco” pattern, while the pure grassland pattern showed no effect on snail control. Conclusions The agroforestry system is a preferential approach of forestry schistosomiasis control in plateau hilly schistosomiasis-endemic areas, which not only achieves snail control effects, but also promotes economic development and ecological construction in poor hilly areas.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872810

ABSTRACT

Platycodonis Radix, which was first recorded in the Agriculture God's Canon of Materia Medica. It is a multi-functional drug with a wide range of applications. The processing of Platycodonis Radix has been recorded as early as in the Jin dynasty, and has a long history of processing. Today, in addition to the washing, cutting and stir-frying with honey, there have also been more than 20 kinds of processing methods, such as stir-frying with wine, stir-frying with bran, stir-frying with Lilii Bulbus juice and so on. The ancients believed that Platycodonis Radix could enhance the effect of diffusing the lung, promoting pharynx and relieving cough by processing. In terms of the chemical compositions in Platycodonis Radix, more than 100 compositions, like triterpenoid saponins, flavonoids, phenols, sterols, polysaccharides and polyacetylenes, have been isolated and identified from it. Among them, triterpenoid saponins are the essential compositions. In addition, Platycodonis Radix has the pharmacological effects of expectorant, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, etc. The medicinal ingredients of Platycodonis Radix are mainly triterpenoid saponins and polysaccharides. Among them, triterpenoid saponins have diverse biological activities, which lead it to be one of the hotspots of current researches. Platycodonis Radix has a good role in promoting lung and removing phlegm. After being processed, its medicinal effects are enhanced. It is complex and diverse in compositions of Platycodonis Radix so that has rich pharmacological activities. On the basis of sorting out the literature, this paper discusses the processing history, chemical composition and pharmacological effect of Platycodonis Radix, in order to provide reference for the special processing and modern research of Platycodonis Radix. Furtherly, it provides a theoretical basis for the research of its processing mechanism and quality control.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872414

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the improving effect of muscle regions of meridians needling method on the upper limb function in children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegic type. Methods: A total of 100 children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegia type were divided into a treatment group and a control group according to the visiting sequence, with 50 cases in each group. The control group was treated with conventional rehabilitation plus conventional acupuncture treatment. The treatment group was treated with conventional rehabilitation plus muscle regions of meridians needling method. The electromyography (EMG) signal values of triceps brachii and pronator teres were detected before treatment, and 3 months and 6 months after treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Peabody developmental motor scale-fine motor (PDMS-FM) and fine motor function measure (FMFM). Results: Three and six months after treatment, the EMG signal values of triceps brachii and pronator teres, grasping scores and visual-motor integrated scores of PDMS-FM and the FMFM scores in both groups increased to varying degrees compared with the same group before treatment, and the intra-group differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). Six months after treatment, the results of the above three items in the treatment group were all better than those in the control group, and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Muscle regions of meridians needling method added on the basis of conventional rehabilitation can effectively reduce the muscle tone of upper limb and enhance the muscle strength, and improve the upper limb function in children with cerebral palsy of spastic hemiplegia type. The efficacy is superior to that of the conventional rehabilitation plus conventional acupuncture treatment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect on the joint attention and social communication in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) between the combined treatment of acupoint catgut embedding therapy with rehabilitation training and the simple application of rehabilitation training.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 children with ASD were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. In the control group, the routine ASD rehabilitation training was adopted, including conductive education, speech training and music therapy, once a day. In the observation group, on the base of the treatment as the control group, the catgut embedding therapy was applied to Shenting (GV 24), Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7) and the optic area (the point of scalp acupuncture), once a week. In the two groups, the treatment for 4 weeks was as one course, at the interval of 1 week between the courses. A total of 3 courses of treatment were required. The social domain of the autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC) and the autism behavior checklist (ABC) were adopted to assess the therapeutic effect of the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of each item of the social domain in ATEC and the scores of ABC (feeling, communication, physical movement, language and healthy behavior) were all lower than those before treatment in the two groups (<0.01). The scores of each item in the observation group were lower than those in the control group after treatment (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The combined treatment of acupoint catgut embedding therapy with the rehabilitation training effectively improves in the joint attention and social communication. The therapeutic effect of this combined treatment is better than the simple application of rehabilitation training.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763187

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Rituximab with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone administered every 3 weeks (R-CHOP-21) is the standard care for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). It is unknown whether the dose-dense R-CHOP (R-CHOP-14) could improve the outcome of the disease in Asian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newly diagnosed DLBCL patients were centrally, randomly assigned (1:1) to receive R-CHOP-14 or R-CHOP-21. R-CHOP-14 was administered every 2 weeks, and R-CHOP-21 was administered every 3 weeks. Primary end point was disease-free survival (DFS). Secondary end points included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), response rate and toxicities. RESULTS: Seven hundred and two patients were randomly assigned to receive R-CHOP-14 (n=349) or R-CHOP-21 (n=353). With a median follow-up of 45.6 months, the two groups did not differ significantly in 3-year DFS (79.6% for R-CHOP-14 vs. 83.2% for R-CHOP-21, p=0.311), 3-year OS (77.5% for R-CHOP-14 vs. 77.6% for R-CHOP-21, p=0.903), or 3-year PFS (63.2% for R-CHOP-14 vs. 66.1% for R-CHOP-21, p=0.447). Patients with an International Prognostic Index (IPI) score ≥ 2 had a poorer prognosis compared to those with an IPI score < 2. Grade 3/4 hematologic and non-hematologic toxicities were manageable and similar between R-CHOP-14 and R-CHOP-21. CONCLUSION: R-CHOP-14 did not improve the outcome of DLBCL compared to R-CHOP-21 in Asian population. With manageable and similar toxicities, both of the two regimens were suitable for Asian DLBCL patients. For high-risk patients with IPI ≥ 2, new combination regimens based on R-CHOP deserve further investigation to improve efficacy.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , B-Lymphocytes , Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Prednisone , Prognosis , Rituximab , Vincristine
20.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 713-715, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800705

ABSTRACT

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common indolent lymphoma. With the improvement of disease awareness and the introduction of various novel drugs, the 5-year overall survival rate has been more than 90% for the majority of FL patients. However, certain subgroups of FL patients, especially patients who progressed within 24 months after starting front-line therapy, still have worse outcome. This article reviews the progress in genetics, prognostic factors and treatment options of FL that reported at the 61st American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting 2019.

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