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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 391-399, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833373

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Inflammatory cytokines are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysm (IA), although resultsamong studies in the literature are inconsistent. This article sought to review studies on the associations among polymorphismsin inflammatory cytokine genes and IA risk and to provide recommendations for future research. @*Materials and Methods@#A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science was conducted up to August 4, 2019. Theassociations between polymorphisms of inflammatory cytokine genes and IA risk were estimated by pooled odds ratios (ORs) and95% confidence intervals (CIs). Subgroup analyses were performed according to race. Qualitative systematic review was conductedfor variants that were studied in only one study. All analyses were performed using STATA 12.0. @*Results@#13 studies investigating the associations between polymorphisms in five inflammatory cytokine genes (TNF-α, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL6, and IL-12B) and IA were reviewed. Combined results showed that the A allele of TNF-α rs1800629 polymorphism has aprotective effect against IA (dominant model: OR=0.65, 95% CI=0.47–0.89, p=0.007). No associations were identified between polymorphismsin IL-1α rs1800587, IL-1β rs16944, IL6 rs1800795 and rs1800796, or IL-12B rs3212227 and IA risk. @*Conclusion@#This review demonstrated an association between TNF-α rs1800629 polymorphism and IA in Caucasians, illustratingthe potentially important role of genes involved in inflammation in IA.

2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 651-658, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762095

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed that common variants on or near EDNRA, HDAC9, SOX17, RP1, CDKN2B-AS1, and RBBP8 genes are associated with intracranial aneurysm (IA) in European or Japanese populations. However, due to population heterogeneity, whether these loci are associated with IA pathogenesis in Chinese individuals is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate associations among GWAS-identified loci and risk of IA in a Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 765 individuals (including 230 IA patients and 535 controls) were involved in this study. Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of candidate loci were genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. Associations were analyzed using univariate or multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: SNPs in CDKN2B-AS1 (especially rs10757272) showed significant associations with IA in dominant and additive models [odds ratio (OR), 2.99 and 1.43; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.44–6.24 and 1.10–1.86, respectively]. A SNP near HDAC9 (rs10230207) was associated with IA in the dominant model (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.01–1.99). One SNP near RP1 (rs1072737) showed a protective effect on IA in the dominant model (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.46–0.95), while another SNP in RP1 (rs9298506) showed a risk effect on IA in a recessive model (OR, 3.82; 95% CI, 1.84–7.91). No associations were observed among common variants near EDNRA, SOX17, or RBBP8 and IA. CONCLUSION: These data partially confirmed earlier results and showed that variants in CDKN2B-AS1, RP1, and HDAC9 could be genetic susceptibility factors for IA in a Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genome-Wide Association Study , Intracranial Aneurysm , Logistic Models , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Population Characteristics
3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 780-784, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701427

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of arsenic exposure to drinking water on thelevel of histone 3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) and histone 3 lysine 79 trimethylation (H3K79me3) in peripheral blood leukocytes of human,and to analyze the relationship between arsenic exposure and H3K4me3,H3K79me3 modification levels.Methods A cluster sampling survey was carried out in typical endemic arsenicosis areas of Shanxi and Jilin provinces.Two hundred eighty-one local residents with a drinking water age of ≥ 10 years were selected as the survey subjects.According to the arsenic content of drinking water,the tested population was divided into control group (water arsenic content ≤0.01 mg/L,60 cases),low water arsenic exposure group (> 0.01-0.05 mg/L,61 cases),medium water arsenic exposure group (> 0.05-0.10 mg/L,50 cases),and 110 cases of high water arsenic exposure group (> 0.10 mg/L).Drinking water samples,immediate urine samples and peripheral blood samples were collected from the subjects.Arsenic content in drinking water and urinary arsenic content were determined via the atomic fluorescence method;histone H3K4me3 and H3K79me3 in peripheral blood leukocytes were determined by dot blot hybridization (Dot Blotting).Results There were no statistically significant differences in age (61.50,60.00,59.50,59.50 years old),different gender (male:20,27,17,40 cases,female:40,34,33,70 cases),body mass index (BMI),smoking and drinking status between the control group,low,medium and high water arsenic exposure groups.Water arsenic content in the control group,low,medium and high water arsenic exposure groups (median:0.005,0.024,0.076,0.150 mg/L),urinary arsenic content (0.011,0.018,0.061,0.134 mg/L),and water arsenic cumulative exposure levels (0.342,1.641,5.273,7.716 mg) were compared between groups,the differences were statistically significant (H =256.041,88.615,218.610,P < 0.01).In the control group,low,medium and high water arsenic exposure groups,the modification levels of H3K4me3 (0.100,0.059,0.083,0.083)and H3K79me3 (0.049,0.036,0.055,0.052) in peripheral blood leukocytes were not significantly different (H =1.488,2.097,P > 0.05).The levels of H3K4me3 and H3K79me3 in peripheral blood leukocytes were positively correlated with water arsenic content,urinary arsenic content,water arsenic cumulative exposure levels (r =0.245,0.221;0.299,0.318;0.149,0.149;P < 0.01 or < 0.05);there was a positive correlation between H3K4me3 and H3K79me3 modification levels (r =0.811,P < 0.01).Conclusion There is a positive correlation between arsenic exposure through drinking water and the levels of H3K4me3 and H3K79me3 in the peripheral blood leukocytes of the population,but it is necessary to expand the sample size for further study.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 370-374, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701335

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the urinary arsenic safety guideline value of a population for evaluating the arsenic exposure level in a certain population and providing evidence for the implementation of prevention and control measures in endemic arsenicosis area.Methods According to the data from the national high-arsenic drinking water sources screening in endemic arsenicosis area of drinking water type and quality supervision and inspection for water-improving project to decrease arsenic from 2005 to 2014,census data on arsenic poisoning in endemic arsenicosis area,data on surveillance of endemic arsenicosis,10 722 people with detailed personal information,complete water arsenic exposure data and accurate urinary arsenic detection data were selected to be the research objects.The relationship between urinary arsenic and water arsenic was analyzed based on the surveillance data of 4 501 people from 2013 to 2014.The safety guidance value of urinary arsenic was determined based on the geometric mean value of urinary arsenic in people exposed to water arsenic in the range of (0.050 ± 0.005) mg/L,and verified using the data of 6 221 people from 2005 to 2012.Every time,a random sample of 2 000 people was taken as the verification sample,the sensitivity and specificity of the index for determining whether water arsenic exposure exceeded the standard were determined by area under the ROC curve (AUC),and a total of 10 sample tests was performed.Results When the water arsenic concentration was less than 0.01 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of water arsenic concentration with urinary arsenic concentration was 0.097 (P < 0.01);when the water arsenic concentration was more than 0.01 mg/L and less than 0.05 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of arsenic concentration with water arsenic concentration was 0.456 (P < 0.01);when the water arsenic concentration was more than 0.05 mg/L,the correlation coefficient of water arsenic concentration with urinary arsenic concentration was 0.630 (P < 0.01).With increase of water arsenic concentration,the concentration of urinary arsenic increased significantly,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =2 337.956,P < 0.01).When water arsenic concentration was in the range of (0.050 ± 0.005) mg/L,the urinary arsenic geometric mean was 0.032 mg/L.AUC analysis of 10 random samples of 2 000 people showed that the geometric mean of urinary arsenic was 0.032 mg/L in the population,which can accurately distinguish whether the water arsenic level exceeded 0.05 mg/L,and the AUC value was higher than 0.94.And the sensitivity and specificity were achieved 0.898 and 0.844.Conclusions The geometric mean of urinary arsenic is 0.032 mg/L,which can be used as a safety guideline value for urinary arsenic in the population.When the geometric mean of urinary arsenic exceeds this value,the population may be exposed to high arsenic.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 259-264, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701311

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of fluoride on fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) in bone tissue of mice,and to explore the role of FGF23 in fluoride-induced bone injury.Methods Sixty-four Balb/c mice,half male and female,were divided into 4 groups based on body weight via the random number table method and 16 mice were in each group.The mice in control group,low fluoride group,middle fluoride group and high fluoride group were treated with 0,25,50,and 100 mg/L F-distilled water,respectively.After three months,the mice were put to death and the prevalence of dental fluorosis was calculated.The fluoride contents in spine were detected via the fluoride-ion selective electrode method,serum content of calcium and phosphorus were detected by micro enzyme labeled method.The levels of FGF23,parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D3 [1,25 (OH)2D3] in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The FGF23 protein expression levels in bone tissue were determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting.Results The rates of dental fluorosis in low,medium and high fluoride groups were 75% (4/16),100% (16/16) and 100% (16/16),respectively.Compared with control group [0 (0/16)] the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The levels of fluoride in the fluoride group [low,medium,high fluoride groups:(1 730.86 ± 165.90),(2 400.58 ± 286.65),(3 980.88 ± 511.65) mg/kg] were higher than that of control group [(854.30 ± 89.05) mg/kg,P < 0.05].There was no difference in serum calcium content among groups (F =0.05,P > 0.05).The contents of phosphorus in the serum of the medium and the high fluoride groups [(2.46 ± 0.32),(2.48 ± 0.73) mmol/L] were lower than those in the control and the low fluoride groups [(2.89 ± 0.45),(3.25 ± 0.69) mmol/L,P < 0.05].The serum PTH and 1,25 (OH)2D3 content increased first and then decreased.The expression of FGF23 in middle and high fluoride groups [(660.84 ± 64.18),(638.74 ± 121.23) ng/L] was up-regulated compared with that of control group [(613.53 ± 98.18) ng/L].The expression of FGF23 protein in cortical bone increased gradually with the dose of fluoride.Western blotting results showed that the content of FGF23 protein in the bone tissue of mice was significantly increased in the low fluoride group (1.58 ± 0.46) and the middle fluoride group (1.40 ± 0.41) compared with that of control group (1.00 ± 0.41),the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusions The phosphorus,FGF23,PTH,and 1,25 (OH)2D3 levels in the serum and FGF23 protein levels in the bone tissue of fluorosis mice have changed.It may be suggested that FGF23 interacts with PTH and 1,25 (OH)2D3 to influence the level of calcium and phosphorus metabolism in the body and participate in the formation of skeletal fluorosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 107-111, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701277

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) gene Rs1801282 and brick-tea type fluorosis. Methods From 2012 to 2013, this cross-sectional study was performed in 16 endemic fluorosis areas of brick-tea type in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,Qinghai and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China,to select adults>18 years old as subjects, who were diagnosed as skeletal fluorosis by X-ray. All of the subjects filled in demography survey questionnaire; the survey contents included general characteristic s, and average daily brick tea intake. Drinking tea samples and urine samples of each subject were collected, and fluoride content of urine and brick-tea was determined via the ion selective electrode method (WS/T 89-2006). X-ray scintigraphy was used to diagnose skeletal fluorosis, according to the "Diagnostic Criteria of Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis" (WS/T 192-2007); the subjects were divided into skeletal fluorosis group (case group) and non-skeletal fluorosis group (control group). To collect venous blood 5 ml, whole blood DNA was extracted, and polymorphism at Rs1801282 of PPARγ was detected by MassARRAY time-of-flight mass spectrometry, to calculate odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results There were 1 414 people included in this study,including 347 in case group and 1 067 in control group. By the Hardy-Weinberg balance test, the PPARγ gene Rs1801282 genotype was representative in case group, control group and each nationality (P > 0.05). The difference of PPARγ gene Rs1801282 genotype in case group and control group was not statistically significant (OR was 0.991, 95%CI: 0.704 - 1.395, the adjusted OR was 1.026, 95%CI: 0.707-1.489).The difference of PPARγ gene Rs1801282 genotype(CC,CG+GG)in case group and control group in different nationality was not statistically significant (Tibetan: OR was 1.400, 95%CI: 0.576 - 3.404, the adjusted OR was 1.258, 95%CI: 0.474 - 3.340; Kazak: OR was 0.898, 95%CI:0.516 -1.562,the adjusted OR was 0.936,95%CI:0.532 -1.648;Mongolia: OR was 1.148,95%CI:0.508-2.594, the adjusted OR was 1.644, 95%CI: 0.683 - 3.956; Han: OR was 1.058, 95%CI: 0.451 - 2.482, the adjusted OR was 0.959, 95%CI: 0.388 - 2.371; Russian: OR was 0.000, 95%CI: 0.000 - 0.000, the adjusted OR was 0.000, 95% CI: 0.000 - 0.000) with binary Logistic regression analysis. Conclusion We have found no association between SNP of PPARγ gene Rs1801282 and skeletal fluorosis of brick-tea type fluorosis in China.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 24-29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701261

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of fluoride exposure on bone growth in zebrafish.Methods The zebrafish larvaes at 3 days post fertilization (3 dpf) were exposed to the conventional fish water and 25,50,100 mg/L of NaF for 5 days until the skeletal bone was formed (8 dpf) and the temperature was kept at 28 ℃.The fluoride content of zebrafish embryos was detected by F-ion selective electrode.The fluoride exposure model was re-established as the control group (0.0 mg/L),the low doses group (0.5,1.0,4.0 mg/L) and the high doses group (50.0,100.0 mg/L).The survival rates of the zebrafish embryos were calculated and the morphology of zebrafish embryos was observed under 40 times microscope.The zebrafish skeleton was stained with alizarin red.The staining areas and the integrated optical density (IOD) of the bone staining were quantitatively analyzed by digital microscope to analyze the sclerotic and osteoporosis of the skull.Results The fluoride contents of the control group and 25,50,100 mg/L NaF groups were (0.32 ± 0.01),(0.63 ± 0.01),(0.86 ± 0.02) and (1.21 ± 0.01) μg/150 embryos.Compared with the control group,the fluoride contents of zebrafish embryos in fluoride exposed groups were increased (P < 0.05),and the dose-response relationship was obvious.The survival rates of zebrafish embryos in control group and fluoride exposed groups were 96.67%,96.67%,96.67%,98.33%,98.33% and 98.33%.There was no significant difference among different groups (x2 =7.309,P > 0.05);under a 40 times microscope,there were no obvious deformities of the spin in different groups;the areas of the alizarin red staining of the skull were 84 380.51 ± 11 711.41 in the control group,92 592.16 ± 7 143.81,92 164.85 ± 10 136.18 and 95 112.26 ± 13 721.91 in the low doses exposure groups (0.5,1.0,4.0 mg/L NaF),67 778.92 ± 8 597.11 and 64 272.93 ± 9 302.57 in the high doses groups (50.0,100.0 mg/L NaF).The areas of the alizarin red staining of the skull in the low doses exposure groups were significantly higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05),while the high doses exposure groups were lower (P < 0.05);the IOD of the alizarin red staining of the skull was 25 094.13 ± 6 571.86 in the control group,29 754.95 ± 3 836.45,28 747.36 ± 4 677.86 and 30 776.49 ± 5 589.63 in the low doses exposure groups (0.5,1.0,4.0 mg/L NaF),19 263.10 ± 4 754.72 and 18 202.58 ± 4 897.15 in the high doses groups (50.0,100.0 mg/L NaF).The IOD of the alizarin red staining of the skull in the low doses exposure groups was significandy higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05),while the high doses exposure groups was lower (P < 0.05).Conclusion Low doses of fluoride exposure may cause bone sclerosis in zebrafish embryos,while the high dose of fluoride exposure may cause osteoporosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 408-413, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620048

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of different doses of sodium fluoride (NaF) on cartilage lesion and expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum and cartilage tissue of Balb/c mice.Methods Sixty-four 5-week-old male Balb/c mice were divided into 4 groups based on body weight via the random number table method and 16 mice were in each group.The mice in control group were fed with distilled water,and experimental animals in low,middle and high fluoride groups were fed with distilled water containing NaF 25,50 and 100 mg/L,respectively.The mice were weighed once a week and fed for three months to establish the drinking water fluorosis model.The fluoride contents in spine were detected via the fluorin-ion selective electrode method.The pathological changes in articular cartilage and epiphyseal plate cartilage were observed through optical microscope.The levels of serum IL-6 and souble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) were detected via the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The expression of IL-6 protein in articular cartilage and epiphyseal plate cartilage was examined by immunohistochemistry.Results From the sixth week of the experiment,compared with other 3 groups,the body weight of high fluoride group decreased significantly (all P < 0.05);from the seventh week,compared with control and low fluoride groups,the body weight of middle fluoride group decreased significantly (all P < 0.05);throughout the experiment,compared with control group,the body weight of low fluoride group had not changed significantly (all P > 0.05).The fluoride contents of bone in control group,low fluoride group,middle fluoride group and high fluoride group were (842.46 ± 89.27),(1 705.05 ± 105.76),(2 614.17 ± 156.10) and (3 444.58 ± 233.69) mg/kg,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =309.716,P < 0.05),and fluoride contents of bone increased with increase of fluoride doses (all P < 0.05).Under optical microscope,the cartilage tissue of control group was normal,while articular cartilage and epiphyseal plate cartilage showed different degrees of cartilage ossification in fluorosis mice and the changes increased with the increase of fluoride doses.The levels of serum IL-6 in control group,low fluoride group,middle fluoride group and high fluoride group were (5.98 ± 1.43),(7.54 ± 2.16),(5.25 ± 1.97) and (6.31 ±-1.36) ng/L,respectively.The differences between groups were statistically significant (F =3.840,P < 0.05),low fluoride group was significantly higher than control group (P < 0.05),and middle fluoride group was significantly lower than low fluoride group (P < 0.05).The levels of serum slL-6R in control group,low fluoride group,middle fluoride group and high fluoride group were (0.83 ± 0.20),(0.93 ± 0.23),(0.82 ±0.27) and (0.92 ± 0.28) μg/L,respectively.The differences between groups were not statistically significant (F =0.738,P > 0.05).Immunohistochemical results showed that articular cartilage full-layer cells in each group expressed IL-6 protein especially in the middle layer of chondrocytes,while IL-6 protein only expressed in hypertrophic chondrocytes of epiphyseal plate cartilage.Comparing with other groups,IL-6 positive cells were the most and had the deepest staining in low fluoride group.Conclusions Different doses of NaF could not only cause cartilage lesion,but also change the expression of IL-6 in serum and cartilage tissue of Balb/c mice.The results indicate that IL-6 may be involved in the cartilage lesion caused by fluoride.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 318-322, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614578

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore characteristics and significance of the indexes of peripheral white blood cell (WBC) in patient with human brucellosis.Methods People checked by brucellosis physical checkup and routine physical checkup at Qiqihar Center for Disease Control and Prevention from December 2014 to December 2015,including 40 acute brucellosis patients (acute group),35 chronic brucellosis patients (chronic group) and 72 healthy people (control group),were selected.Automatic blood analyzer was used to determine the indexes of WBC,lymphocyte count (LY),lymphocyte percentage (LY%),monocytes count (MONO),monocytes percentage (MONO%),eosinophil count (EO),eosinophil percentage (EO%),basophilic granulocyte count (BASO),basophilic granulocyte percentage (BASO%),neutrophils count (NEUT) and neutrophils percentage (NEUT%).The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of WBC parameters in acute and chronic groups.Results Compared to control group,the levels of WBC,EO,EO%,BASO,BASO%,NEUT and NEUT% were decreased in acute group [(5.222 0-± 2.551 2) × 109/L vs (6.352 5 ± 1.905 8) × 109/L,(0.030 0 ± 0.006 8) × 109/[,vs (0.083 9 ± 0.039 3) × 109/L,(0.54 ± 0.12)% vs (2.31 ± 0.14)%,(0.009 0 ± 0.001 1) × 109/L vs (0.019 0 ± 0.002 4) × 109/L,(0.17 ± 0.09)% vs (0.32 ± 0.20)%,(2.698 7 ± 1.948 4) × 109/L vs (4.012 9 ± 1.579 0) × 109/L,(48.13 ± 14.38)% vs (62.13 ± 9.00)%,all P < 0.05],and the levels of LY,LY% and MONO% were increased in acute group [(2.125 3 ± 0.949 9) × 109/L vs (1.794 4 ± 0.606 6) × 109/L,(43.37 ± 14.52)% vs (29.10 ± 7.97)%,(7.84 ± 2.23)% vs (6.55 ± 2.04)%,all P < 0.05].Compared to control group,the level of NEUT% [(54.63 ± 9.26)%] was decreased in chronic group (P < 0.05),and the levels of LY,LY% and EO [(2.212 0 ± 0.633 2) × 109/L,(36.41 ± 8.51)%,(0.153 9 ± 0.028 8) × 109/L] were increased in chronic group (all P < 0.05).The levels of LY% and MONO% [(6.45 ± 1.58)%] in chronic group were lower than those in acute group (all P < 0.05),and the levels of WBC [(6.175 7 ± 1.469 5) × 109/L],EO,EO% [(2.32 ± 1.21)%],BASO [(0.021 8 ± 0.001 9) × 109/L],BASO% [(0.37 ± 0.21)%] and NEUT% were higher than those in acute group (all P < 0.05).The areas under ROC curve (AUCs) of LY and MONO in acute group were 0.681 and 0.529,they were in 0.5-0.7,and the diagnostic value was low;the AUCs of EO,EO%,LY%,NEUT%,NEUT,BASO,BASO%,MONO% and WBC in acute group were 0.816,0.816,0.806,0.790,0.766,0.760, 0.721,0.715 and 0.710,they were in > 0.7-0.9,and the diagnostic value was medium.The AUCs of LY,NEUT,BASO,EO,BASO%,EO%,MONO%,MONO and WBC in chronic group were 0.693,0.617,0.586,0.584,0.581,0.541,0.500,0.513 and 0.510,they were in 0.5-0.7,and the diagnostic value was low;the AUCs of LY% and NEUT% in chronic group were 0.725 and 0.717,they were in > 0.7-0.9,and the diagnostic value was medium.Conclusion The indexes of peripheral WBC in patient with acute and chronic human brucellosis are changed abnormally,which has a certain reference value in diagnosis of human brucellosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 709-713, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666411

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between Cytochrome P-450 1A1 (CYP1A1) gene polymorphism and the ethnic differences to brick-tea fluorosis and the gene-environment interaction.Methods Inhabitants over the age of 16 years old in Inner Mongolia,Qinghai and Xinjiang were investigated.The questionnaire survey included basic information,dietary survey and total fluoride intake,and peripheral venous blood was collected.The CYP1A1 gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping was determined using mass spectrometry;the diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis was based on the X-ray method;combined genetic factors with environmental factors,the interaction of gene-environment was analyzed.Results In the 1 414 copies of whole blood samples (308 Tibetans,290 Kazakhs,261 Mongolians,425 Han people,130 Russians),CYP1A1 genes rs1048943 sites were typed into AA,AG and GG genotypes,and gene distribution met Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (P > 0.05).The frequencies of genotypes AA,AG and GG in Tibetans were 55.8% (172/308),37.3% (115/308) and 6.8% (21/308),respectively;the frequencies of the three genotypes in Kazakhs were 69.7% (202/290),27.6% (80/290) and 2.8% (8/290),respectively;the frequencies of the three genotypes in Mongolians were 60.5% (158/261),36.0% (94/261) and 3.4% (9/261),respectively;the frequencies of the three genotypes in Han people were 60.9% (259/425),33.6% (143/ 425) and 5.4% (23/425),respectively;the frequencies of genotypes in Russians were 72.3% (94/130),26.9% (35/130) and 0.8% (1/130),respectively;the differences of the three genotype frequencies between different ethnic groups were statistically significant (x2 =24.757,P < 0.05).The skeletal fluorosis detection rates in different ethnic from high to low were Tibetans (39.94%,123/308),Kazakhs (33.79%,98/290),Mongolians (22.22%,58/261),Han people (13.41%,57/425) and Russians (8.46%,11/130),and the differences were statistically significant (x2 =100.156,P< 0.05).Skeletal fluorosis detection rates of different genotypes were AA (24.18%,214/885),AG/GG (25.14%,133/529),the difference was not statistically significant between the groups (x2 =0.165,P > 0.05).After the ethnic stratification,the differences were also not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Only in the group of Tibetans whose urine fluoride level was 1.6-3.2 mg/L and Mongolians under age 45 were found that the G gene was one of the risk factors in skeletal fluorosis [OR =2.035,95% CI (1.003-4.128);OR =5.602,95%CI (1.461-21.479)];G gene might be a protective factor in the Mongolians aged 45 years and over [OR =0.422,95%CI(0.190-0.938)].Conclusion This study does not find a positive correlation between CYP1A1 gene polymorphism and the ethnic differences to bricktea fluorosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 182-186, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515413

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the modification levels of H2AKll9 ubiquitination (H2AK119ub) and H2BK120ub,and to analyze the relationship between the levels of H2AK119ub,H2BK120ub and arsenic exposure.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in typical areas of drinking water type of endemic arsenicosis in Shanxi and Jilin provinces.Totally 281 residents who had drank local water for more 10 years were enrolled in this study,these participants were divided into control group (water arsenic content < 0.01 mg/L),low arsenic exposure group (water arsenic content ranged 0.01-0.05 mg/L),medium arsenic exposure group (water arsenic content ranged > 0.05-0.10 mg/L) and high arsenic exposure group (water arsenic content > 0.10 mg/L).Among them,including 60 subjects in control group (20 males and 40 females),61 subjects in low arsenic exposure group (27 males and 34 females),50 subjects in medium arsenic exposure group (17 males and 33 females),and 110 subjects in high arsenic exposure group (40 males and 70 females).Drinking water and urine samples were collected and the arsenic content was detected by the method of atomic fluorescence spectrometry.After extracting leukocytes histone from the peripheral venous blood that collected from the subjects,the levels of H2AK119ub and H2BK120ub were detected by dot blotting.The levels of water arsenic,urinary arsenic,water arsenic accumulative intake,H2AK119ub and H2BK120ub were expressed as medium and quartile [M (P25,P75)].Results Age,body mass index (BMI),gender,smoking and alcohol drinking between control group and water arsenic exposure groups had no statistical differences (x2 =3.780,3.572,1.938,4.937,6.025,all P > 0.05).Compared the contents of water arsenic [0.005 (0.003,0.006),0.024 (0.017,0.037),0.076 (0.057,0.084),0.150 (0.124,0.185) mg/L],the contents of urinary arsenic [0.011 (0.006,0.017),0.018 (0.004,0.072),0.061 (0.032,0.124),0.134 (0.069,0.223) mg/L],the water arsenic accumulative intake [0.342 (0.248,0.477),1.641 (1.012,2.324),5.273 (3.690,7.036),7.716 (5.608,12.053) mg] among the control,low,medium and high arsenic exposure groups,the differences were statistically significant (Hc =256.041,88.615,218.610,all P < 0.01).Compared the levels of H2AK119ub [1.231 (0.856,1.817),1.244 (0.792,1.884),1.376 (0.743,1.981),1.390 (0.906,2.045)],H2BK120ub [0.350 (0.186,0.589),0.363 (0.152,0.678),0.428 (0.134,0.788),0.276 (0.146,0.453)] in human peripheral blood leukocytes among control,low,medium and high arsenic exposuregroups,the differences were not statistically significant (Hc =2.130,4.330,all P > 0.05).There were no correlations between H2AK119ub and water arsenic content,water arsenic accumulative intake (r =0.104,-0.008,all P > 0.05);there was a positive correlation between H2AK119ub and urinary arsenic content (r =0.166,P < 0.05).There were negative correlations between H2BK120ub and water arsenic content,water arsenic accumulative intake (r =-0.183,-0.159,all P < 0.05);there was no correlation between H2BK120ub and urinary arsenic content (r =-0.101,P > 0.05).There was a negative correlation between H2AK119ub and H2BK120ub (r =-0.127,P < 0.05).Conclusion External exposure to arsenic may change the levels of H2BK120ub in human peripheral blood leukocytes.

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