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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 287-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urinary virology and clinical characteristics of female overactive bladder (OAB) patients.Methods:Catheterized urine samples were collected from 55 women with OAB and 18 control individuals between January 2021 and August 2021. Inclusion criteria were: female with age>18, diagnosed as OAB, OABSS total score≥3 and item Urgency score≥2, informed consent signed. Exclusion criteria were: Urine culture positive, urinary catheter indwelling status, antibiotic usage in recent 30 days, other disease leading to OAB-like symptoms, pelvic organ prolapse and current pregnancy, immunosuppressive therapy or status. Clinical characteristic and history were collected. OAB symptoms were assessed via both OABSS (overactive bladder symptom score) and OAB-V8 (8-item overactive bladder questionnaire). The urine specimens were analyzed using mNGS for identifying viral infections. The correlation between the disease and JC virus infection was analyzed by t test, chi-square test, binary logistic regression analysis and Spearman correlation matrix, and the Nomogram map for predicting the risk of viral infection was constructed. Results:In total, 55 women with OAB and 18 healthy controls were recruited in the study. There are significant difference in terms of UTI history, pelvic surgery history and the habit of holding urine [60.0%(n=33)to 16.7%(n=3), P=0.002; 43.6%(n=24)to 0.0%(n=0), P<0.01; 36.4%( n=20)to 5.6%( n=1), P=0.015]. Based on mNGS results, OAB patients were identified with more positive viral infection [47.3%(n=26)to 33.3%(n=6)] and more JC virus infection. In the OAB group, subtype 7B of JCV ( n=8) was identified, while in the control group, subtype 7A(n=2) was identified. Pairwise Spearman correlation analysis indicated high correlations between viral infection and OABSS ( r=0.58), age and pausimenia ( r=0.68), hypertension and age ( r=0.53), respectively. Estimates from binary logistic regression model indicated risk factors for virus infection in OAB patients including age ( OR=1.99, 95% CI 0.02-2.61), holding urine habit( OR=2.16, 95% CI 0.18-3.85) and pelvic surgery ( OR=2.53, 95% CI 0.54-4.27). Conclusions:Urinary viral infections appear to be associated with more severe OAB symptoms and JC virus may be a potential therapeutic target for OAB.

2.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 889-899, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of the Notch signaling pathway in regulating neuronal differentiation and sensorimotor ability in a zebrafish model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.@*METHODS@#Zebrafish embryos treated with DMSO or 50 μmol/L DAPT (a Notch signaling pathway inhibitor) were examined for mortality rate, hatching rate, malformation rate, and body length at 15 days post fertilization (dpf). The mRNA expression levels of sox2, neurogenin1 and huc in the treated zebrafish embryos were detected using in situ hybridization and qRT-PCR, and their behavioral responses to strong light and vibration stimulation were observed. The zebrafish embryos were then exposed to DMSO, 1.5% ethanol, DAPT, or both ethanol and DAPT, and the changes in mRNA expression levels of sox2, neurogenin1, huc, and the Notch signaling pathway genes as well as behavioral responses were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Exposure to 50 μmol/L DAPT significantly increased the mortality rate of 1 dpf zebrafish embryos (P < 0.01), decreased the hatching rate of 2 dpf embryos (P < 0.01), increased the malformation rate of 3 dpf embryos (P < 0.001), and reduced the body length of 15 dpf embryos (P < 0.05). DAPT treatment significantly downregulated sox2 mRNA expression (P < 0.01) and increased neurogenin1 (P < 0.05) and huc (P < 0.01) mRNA expressions in zebrafish embryos. The zebrafish with DAPT treatment exhibited significantly shortened movement distance (P < 0.001) and lowered movement speed (P < 0.05) in response to all the stimulation conditions. Compared with treatment with 1.5% ethanol alone, which obviously upregulated notch1a, her8a and NICD mRNA expressions in zebrafish embryos (P < 0.05), the combined treatment with ethanol and DAPT significantly increased neurogenin1 and huc mRNA expression, decreased sox2 mRNA expression (P < 0.01), and increased the moving distance and moving speed of zebrafish embryos in response to strong light stimulation (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ethanol exposure causes upregulation of the Notch signaling pathway and impairs neuronal differentiation and sensorimotor ability of zebrafish embryos, and these detrimental effects can be lessened by inhibiting the Notch signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zebrafish , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Dimethyl Sulfoxide , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Antineoplastic Agents , Ethanol/adverse effects , Signal Transduction
3.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 60-60, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880378

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) severely damaged and endangered people's lives at the end of 2019. Risk communication plays an important role in the response to it successfully, which has been appreciated by the World Health Organization. Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of risk communication research is necessary, which can understand current research hotspots and reveal new trends.@*METHODS@#In this study, we collected 1134 international articles from the Web of Science database and 3983 Chinese articles from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure database. Bibliometric and mapping knowledge domain analysis methods were used for temporal distribution analysis, cooperation network analysis, co-word network analysis, and burst detection analysis.@*RESULTS@#The first article in this field was published by western scholars earlier, while the first Chinese article in 2002. Research institutions mainly come from universities. The USA plays a key role in this field. Chinese scholars had a closer cooperation network, but there was less cooperation among domestic institutions. Risk perception, trust, risk management, and risk information had always been the research hotspots in this academic. Trust, sentiment research, and public risk events were essential directions for the future. There are 25 burst words for international articles, while 11 burst words for Chinese articles from 2000 to 2020.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In summary, both domestic and international researchers are concerned about risk communication, risk perception, trust, and risk information. International research on risk communication is systematic and comprehensive relatively. However, Chinese scholars take severe acute respiratory syndrome as the research background and reviewing foreign knowledge as the research starting point. With the purpose of practical and applied research based on a public emergency, the risk communication research lacks continuity in Chinese academy in the past years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bibliometrics , COVID-19 , China , Databases, Factual , Information Dissemination , Risk , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 749-753, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706123

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the social psychological status of the elderly in different age groups ( young, middle-aged and old) , and explore the main factors that influence the social psychological status of the elderly. Method:Using the Chinese Health and Retirement Survey ( CHARLS) database, the descriptive statistics, factor analysis and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the social psychological status and influencing factors of the elderly at different ages over 60 years of age in China. Results:The social psychological status of the elderly gradually became worse with age. The social psychological status of the elderly in the low age group was better than that in the middle age and the high age group; the depression factor of the middle age group was better than that of the low age group and the high age group;and the social psychological status of the elderly was generally poor. In the regression analysis, the effects of age, marital status, physical health status, activity frequency, and life satisfaction on the social psychological status of the elderly had statistical significance ( P <0. 05). Conclusion: Age, marital status, physical health status, activity frequency and life satisfaction are the main factors that influence the social psychological status of the elderly, and the government, society and relatives should pay attention to the social psychological health of the elderly.

5.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1268-1271,1280, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the quality of life of nurses and its influencing factors .Methods:Using WHOQOL-BREF scale and self-designed questionnaire , with the method of random , quota sampling , we chose 460 nurses in a county -level city of Shandong province to conduct the survey .Results:The environment field score was the highest (23.23 ±2.60), while the psychological score was the lowest (20.53 ±1.90).Nurses with higher ages scored lower in physiology and psychology .Male nurses ' physiology scores were higher than those of fe-males, but the psychological field scores of male nurses were lower .Those with higher education level scored lower in physiology .Physiological and psychological scores of administrative department nurses were higher .Scores of psychology , environment , and social relations were higher in permanent and high title nurses than those in contract and low (no) title nurses.Conclusion:It should establish the people -oriented nursing ethics culture , improve hu-man resource management .Through the standard post level management , flexible scheduling , we should improve the equal pay system , improve the sense of belonging , professional identity , to enhance quality of life .

6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1268-1271,1280, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the quality of life of nurses and its influencing factors .Methods:Using WHOQOL-BREF scale and self-designed questionnaire , with the method of random , quota sampling , we chose 460 nurses in a county -level city of Shandong province to conduct the survey .Results:The environment field score was the highest (23.23 ±2.60), while the psychological score was the lowest (20.53 ±1.90).Nurses with higher ages scored lower in physiology and psychology .Male nurses ' physiology scores were higher than those of fe-males, but the psychological field scores of male nurses were lower .Those with higher education level scored lower in physiology .Physiological and psychological scores of administrative department nurses were higher .Scores of psychology , environment , and social relations were higher in permanent and high title nurses than those in contract and low (no) title nurses.Conclusion:It should establish the people -oriented nursing ethics culture , improve hu-man resource management .Through the standard post level management , flexible scheduling , we should improve the equal pay system , improve the sense of belonging , professional identity , to enhance quality of life .

7.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 963-967, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the quality of life about rural elderly population and its influencing factors.Methods:Using WHOQOL-BREF scale and self-designed questionnaire,a survey about quality of life was conducted among 1074 rural elderly in Shandong Province selected by stratified,random method.T test,variaace analysis and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the influencing factors.Results:The score of environment field was the highest (13.83 ± 1.05),while social relations field was the lowest (8.63± 0.45).Single factor analysis showed that age,education level,economic situation,pension source,chronic disease,pension mode,physical exanination had significant effect on quality of life scores in each dimension (P < 0.05).Marital status only had significant effect on psychological and social relations scores (P < 0.05).Gender and the number of children were not statistically significant on the quality of life score in each dimension (P > 0.05).Multiple regression analysis showed that the influencing factors of quality of life score in each dimension were chronic disease and economic situation.Physical examination only had significant effect on the physiology and psychological score.Pension mode had significant effect on psychological and social relations score.Age influenced physiology health score.Marital status influenced psychology health score.Conclusion:The government should pay attention to the health status of elderly and the psychological status of elderly without spouse;increase the support efforts to the poor rural elderly;strengthen the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases;improve the social support network and social security system.

8.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 917-920, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607918

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of cardio cerebral vascular diseases (CVD) on life expectancy among residents in Shandong Province,develop effective preventive measures for the high-risk population and provide guidance for the health care resource allocation.Methods Based on the death monitoring data of the disease in Shandong Province in 2012,we calculated the crude mortality and standardized the mortality rate of the disease.We designed life tables with all causes of death and with eliminating causes of CVD death and analysed life expectancy with and without them examined.Results In 2012,crude mortality rate of CVD was 320.16/100 000 (SMR 252.85/100 000) in Shandong Province.The death rate of CVD was of 46.30% of all deaths reported by monitoring system.The mortality rate of CVD in male and female were 332.99/100 000 and 307.02/100 000,respectively.The mortality rate of CVD in rural and urban areas were 341.84/100 000 and 267.28/100 000,respectively.The mortality of CVD increased with age and growed rapidly after the age of 60.Life expectancy of urban and rural areas was 79.20 years and 78.14 years,respectively.After eliminating causes of CVD death,life expectancy for eliminating causes of CVD death in urban and rural areas increased 8.51 years and 10.02 years,respectively.Life expectancy for eliminating causes of CVD death in male and female increased 8.02 years and 11.10 years,respectively.Conclusions Life expectancy of urban and rural areas,the male and female for eliminating causes of CVD death than that of all causes of death were greatly extended.Reducing the death caused by CVD to increase health life expectancy have important public health significance.

9.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2697-2698,2701, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605073

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish TaqMan probe real‐time Fluorescent Quantitative PCR in detecting Cryptococcus neoformans genomic DNA ,and to provide important method for detection of cryptococcal meningitis .Methods According to the Cryptococcus neoformans ITS‐rDNA sequences obtained from NCBI ,specific primers and probe were designed based on the conserved sequences , a specific 114 bp fragment was amplified by primers and probe ,then recombinant plasmid was constructed .Eight different concen‐trations from 1 .42 × 10 copy/μL to 1 .42 × 10 copy/μL were used as templates by 2 μL .In the optimum reaction condition ,the sen‐sitivity ,specificity and repeatability were evaluated and standard curve was established .15 clinical cryptococcal meningitis strains i‐solated from clinical diagnosis patients were detected .Results The real‐time PCR showed high sensitivity and specificity and was a‐ble to detect 2 .84 × 102 copies of plasmid DNA .The detection sensitivity was 2 .84 × 102 copies plasmid DNA by real‐time PCR ,no amplification curve was detected with human genomic DNA ,other fungus ,bacterias and viruses .The CV of inter‐assay were 2 .86% ,1 .48% and 1 .36% respectively with excellent reproducibility .Fifteen clinical isolated strains could be detected accurately . Conclusion A method of detection of Cryptococcus neoformans DNA by real‐time PCR is established successfully with high sensi‐tivity and specificity ,and the results are stable ,could diagnose cryptococcal meningitis rapidly and early .

10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1555-1561, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329247

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of exposure to different concentrations of ethanol on neural progenitor cells and the differentiation of neurons and glial cells in zebrafish embryos.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 1%, 2%, and 2.5% (V/V) ethanol at 5 hpf by adding ethanol to the egg water. In situ hybridization and real-time PCR were used to detect the changes in the mRNA expression profiles of the markers of different cells to examine the effects of alcohol on neural development.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of neural precursor cells, neurons and mature glial cells was significantly reduced in the zebrafish embryos following ethanol exposure, and this reduction became more prominent as the ethanol concentration increased. The expression of the early glial marker slc1a3a was down-regulated in the spinal cord but increased in the brain after exposure to increased ethanol concentrations. The expression of the mature glial markers was significantly lowered in response to exposure to increasing ethanol concentrations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ethanol can reduce neural precursor cells and inhibits neuronal and glial differentiation in zebrafish embryos.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Ethanol , Neural Stem Cells , Neurogenesis , Neuroglia , Neurons , Spinal Cord , Zebrafish , Embryology
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 221-224, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295671

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of increased-intensity conditioning regimen with FBCA (Fludarabine, Busulfan, Cyclophosphamide, and Antithymocyte globulin) for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2000 to June 2011, twenty-two patients (male 12, female 10) with SAA underwent allo-HSCT with FBCA conditioning regimen which consisted of fludarabine (30 mg·m⁻²·d⁻¹×5 d), busulfan (3 mg/kg×2 d), cyclophosphamide (60 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹×2 d) and ATG (2.5 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹×5 d). GVHD prophylaxis was performed by cyclosporine and short-term course methotrexate. Nine patients received mobilized peripheral blood stem cells transplantation and 13 patients underwent mobilized peripheral blood combined with bone marrow stem cells. Fourteen cases were human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related donors, while the other 8 cases were HLA-haploidentical transplantation. Engraftment was documented by short tandem repeats with polymerase chain reaction (STR-PCR) on approximately day + 30, + 90, + 180, + 1 year and + 2 year, respectively. Long-term survival and transplantation-related complications were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients obtained prompt and sustained hematopoietic reconstitution. Median time for neutrophil and PLT engraftment was 15 (range: 11-22) days and 16 (range: 12-27) days, respectively. All patients were full donor chimerism identified by STR-PCR. 2 of the total 22 cases (9.1%) had grade I-III acute GVHD and 3 (15.8%) was chronic GVHD. Three patients (13.6%) died of transplantation related mortality and the other 19 cases were disease-free survival with a median time of 24 (range: 0.5-140.5) months. The causes of death were cytomegalovirus pneumonia (n=1), acute GVHD (n=1) and severe pulmonary infection (n=1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Increased-intensity of FBCA conditioning regimen could favor donor stem cell sustained engraftment for allo-HSCT in SAA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia, Aplastic , Therapeutics , Graft Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Tissue Donors , Transplantation Conditioning , Methods , Transplantation, Homologous , Vidarabine
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 686-689, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249380

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of quercetin on apoptosis and feedback regulation of MDM2-p53 in multiform glioblastoma U87 cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>U87 cells exposed to different concentrations of quercetin (50, 100, and 150 µmol/L) were examined with flow cytometry, RT-PCR and Western blotting for detecting the cell apoptosis, MDM2 mRNA expression, and p53 and caspase-3 expressions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Quercetin induced obvious apoptosis in U87 cells in a concentration-dependent manner, with apoptosis rates of (12.40∓0.70)% at Q0, (22.53∓0.72)% at Q50, (29.06∓0.81)% at Q100, and (31.5∓0.45)% at Q150. Quercetin significantly increased the expressions of MDM2 mRNA and active caspase-3 protein but decreased the expression of p53 in the cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Quercetin promotes the apoptosis of multiform glioblastoma U87 cells mediated by caspase-3 and influences the feedback balance of MDM2-p53.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Glioma , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 , Metabolism , Quercetin , Pharmacology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1053-1056, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319480

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To apply pyrosequencing technique in the detection of the common pathogens in sepsis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The primers for amplification and sequencing in pyrosequencing were designed according to alignment of the bacterial 16S rRNA sequence. Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted for pyrosequencing, and the pathogen species were determined according to the sequencing data obtained.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pyrosequencing effectively yielded the sequencing data of the 28 bp sequences of the pathogens and clearly distinguished the pathogen species of Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumonia, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia, Neisseria meningitides, and Salmonella, but failed to distinguish Staphylococcus epidermidis from Staphylococcus aureus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pyrosequencing technique can effectively distinguish the common pathogens in sepsis at the species level.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Classification , DNA Primers , DNA, Bacterial , Genetics , Microbiological Techniques , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Sepsis , Microbiology
14.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 207-211, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322080

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of quercetin on the invasion, migration, proliferation and cell cycle of glioma U87 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Glioma U87 cells were treated with 50, 100, or 150 µmol/L quercetin (Q(50), Q(100) and Q(150) groups, respectively) or with DMSO (Q(0) group). Transwell in vitro invasion and migration assays, Click-iT Edu test and flow cytometry were performed to evaluate the effect of quercetin on the invasion, migration, proliferation and cell cycle of U87 cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 36 h of quercetin treatment, the cells in Q(50), Q(100) and Q(150) groups showed invasive cell percentages (relative to Q(0) group) of 52.08%, 24.63%, and 13.13%, respectively (P<0.05). After quercetin treatment for 12 h, the migrating cell percentages (relative to Q(0) group) in Q(50), Q(100) and Q(150) groups were 49.46%, 26.78%, and 14.56%, respectively (P<0.05). After 24 h of quercetin treatment, the cell proliferation ratios in Q(0), Q(50), Q(100) and Q(150) groups were 25.21%, 18.38%, 16.74% and 15.24%; the cell percentages in phase G0/Gl were 71.14%, 72.71%, 69.29%, and 66.47%, phase S were 25.32%, 22.48%, 21.96%, and 23.32%, and phase G(2)/M were 3.53%, 4.80%, 8.75%, and 10.25% in the 4 groups, respectively, showing a significant difference between groups Q(100), Q(150) and group Q(0) in phase G(2)/M cell percentages (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Quercetin can significantly inhibit the invasion, migration and proliferation of glioma U87 cells by blocking the cell cycle progression.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Glioma , Pathology , Quercetin , Pharmacology
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1015-1018, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440821

ABSTRACT

Based on practice of video-cases teaching,this paper put forwards four sorts of contradictions,which are the contradiction between time limitation of classroom and expressing limi-tation of video cases,the contradiction between relative independence of video cases (part)and con-sistency of teaching objective (entirety),the contradiction between apparentness of video cases (phe-nomenon)and depth of teaching content (essence)and the contradiction between variability of video case class and control of class by teachers. This paper suggested teaching principle of part conforming to entirety. Meanwhile,it indicated that classroom video case teaching should have strict design, closely coordinated class discussion and teachers should be good at guiding and summarizing. Through these efforts,the above four contradictions can be resolved and designed video case teaching obtained good effect.

16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 817-820, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268991

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish real-time PCR and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) systems for detecting Cryptococcus neoformans CAP10 gene.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Specific primers were designed targeting CAP10 gene of Cryptococcus neoformans, and the plasmid was constructed. After optimization of the reaction condition, the plasmid was quantitatively detected using real-time PCR and LAMP, and the detection sensitivity and specificity were evaluated. Clinical samples were also detected using the two methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The detection sensitivity of real-time PCR and LAMP was 6.8×10(1) and 6.8×10(3) copies, respectively. Real-time PCR yielded a higher positivity rate than LAMP. Both of the two methods showed a high detection specificity and produced negative results in the detection of Neisseria meningitidis, Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger and Escherichia coli.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Real-time PCR is highly sensitive and specific for detecting Cryptococcus neoformans CAP10 gene but requires sophisticated equipment. LAMP, though with a relatively lower sensitivity, is simple to operate without the need of special equipment, and the result can be conveniently observed. Both of the two methods are suitable for detecting Cryptococcus neoformans and evaluating the treatment outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Cryptococcus neoformans , Genetics , Fungal Proteins , Genetics , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Methods , Plasmids , RNA, Fungal , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 141-143, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413554

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of haploidentical hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (Haplo-PBSCT) for acute myeloid leukemia in first relapse after complete remission by standard induction chemotherapy. Methods Eighty-nine cases of AML in first relapse after complete remission by standard DA/Hi-Ara-C regimens induction chemotherapy were evaluated retrospectively. Fiftythree cases were grafted by haplo-PBSCT and 26 cases were treated with iDA/Mid-Ara-C or MA/ Mid- Ara-C agents. Results The second remission rate in haplo-PBSCT group and continuous chemotherapy group was 86. 7 % (46/53 cases) and 38. 1% (9/23 cases) respectively (P<0. 01). Survival postprogression (SPP) at 36th month was 43. 4 % (23/53 cases) in haplo-PBSCT group and 11.5 % (3/26 cases) in continuous chemotherapy group (P < 0. 05). Conclusion Haplo-PBSCT could significantly increase the second remission rate and prolong the survival time of patients with acute myeloid leukernia in first relapse after complete remission by standard induction chemotherapy.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 510-6, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382341

ABSTRACT

To investigate the modulation on the P-glycoprotein in the jejunum by combined use of Glycyrrhiza inflata and Kansui with ussing chamber and rt-pcr, Rhodamine 123 (R123), a P-gp substrate and fluorescein sodium (CF), a model drug of non-P-gp substrate transported by a passive diffusion were taken as investigational drugs. Because these two drugs can be easily assayed and widely used in various research fields. The permeability of R123 or CF via Wistar rat jejunum membranes was evaluated by in vitro ussing chamber after oral administration of four different decoctions of Glycyrrhiza inflata and Kansui for 1 week. And the concentration of R123 or CF was determined by the fluorospectrophotometry in the receiving solution. Meanwhile the expression of mdr1a in P-glycoprotein was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. After oral administration of combined decoction of the single drug, the absorptive directed permeability of R123 increased significantly (P < 0.01). On the other hand, Kansui and combine decoction of the two drugs also decrease the permeability of secretory directed transport (P < 0.05). No action of Glycyrrhiza inflata was found on the secretory transport of R123 [Papp = (2.56 +/- 0.38) x 10(-5), cm x s(-1)] across the jejunum tissues, while Papp of control group was found [Papp = (2.35 +/- 0.27) x 10(-5), cm x s(-1)]. After oral administration of Kansui decoction for 1 week and 2 weeks, the levels of mdr1a expression in Wistar rats were lower than that of the control group, but there were no significant difference in the results. Meanwhile, Glycyrrhiza inflata had no effect on transport of CF across the jejunum tissues, though the other three groups could decrease the permeability of CF, as compared with control group. Kansui may slightly inhibit P-glycoprotein function in the intestinal membrane. For another, some compositions in Kansui inhibit P-glycoprotein function, and some others strengthen the tight junction between cells in the intestinal membrane to decrease permeability of CF. As the inhibitory action to P-glycoprotein was enhanced by combination of Glycyrrhiza inflata and Kansui, based on the results, it may be one of the mechanisms of creating toxicity once co-administration of Glycyrrhiza inflata and Kansui.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6073-6076, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402307

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Some reports demonstrated that, autoallergic or hematopoietic stem cells transplantation combined with chemotherapy received good outcomes in treating medulloblastoma, which can prolong survival time of patients. However, whether haploidentical hematopoietic stem cells transplantation can treat medulloblastoma remains poorly understood.OBJECTIVE: To firstly report a patient receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cells transplantation for treating medulloblastoma.METHODS: A terminal cancer patient with bone matastases successively received six lymphocyte transfusions from an unrelated donor combined with chemotherapy and three haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantations.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The patient presented erythra, accompanied by fever, diarrhea and yellow brown liquid stools, which was considered as graft versus host disease, and treated by urbason, gammaglobulin, CellCept, Prograf, Basiliximab (anti-CD25 antibody), Infliximab (anti-tumor necrosis factor α antibody), effective antibacterial and supportive treatments. After that, the erythra and diarrhea were remised. But the patient died from cerebral hemorrhage. Allogeneic lymphocyte transfusion can kill or damage tumor cells, improve life quality, but the outcome is restrained for patient with a high tumor burden. Immunosuppressant, such as anti-CD25 antibody and anti-tumor necrosis factor α antibody should be timely used in consideration of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

20.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 571-573, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398941

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of staphylococcal protein A immunoadsorption plus nonmyeloablative chemotherapy with CD34+ autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in the treatment of refractory systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Three patients with active SLE were enrolled into this study. All patients were diagnosed with lupus nephritis by renal biopsy and poorly responded to routine therapy. Before transplantation, patients were given 6 sessions of immunoadsorption apheresis using columns of staphylococcal protein A-silica with an interval of 3 days; each session processed 3 L plasma and a total of 18 L plasma was processed over the 6 treatments. Three days following the immunoadsorption apheresis, the mobilization of stem cells was realized by intravenous cyclophosphamide at a dose of 2 g per square meter of body surface area and subcutaneous recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) at a dose of 5 g per kilogram of body weight per day for 5 days. Then, peripheral blood raonoclonal cells were obtained by CS-3000 Cell Separator, and passed through the Clini Macs CD34+ cell selection device, with the final concentration of CD34+ cells being 2.6×106, 2.1×106 and 2.4×106 per kilogram of body weight respectively, and that of CD3+ cells being 3×105, 2.1×105, and 2.0×105 per kilogram of body weight, respectively, in these three patients. The conditioning regimen consisted of oral fludarabine of 50 mg/d for 5 days plus intravenous pig anti-human thymocyte immunoglobulin (ATG) at a daily dose of 90 mg/kg for 5 days. After 72-hour treatment with ATG, the frozen stem cells were infused back to the patients. Clinical manifestations and lupus-correlated immune parameters were compared in patients at baseline and after transplantation. Results Following immunoadsorption apheresis, an obvious decrease was observed in the level of serum anti-dsDNA, antinuclear antibody and IgG antibodies, while an increase in the level of serum complement 3. All patients achieved the reconstruction of hemopoiesis 2-3 days after the transplantation. Also, an apparent clinical remission was achieved with the SLEDAI score being less than 3. Six months after the transplantation, serum anti-dsDNA and antinuclear antibodies as well as urine protein were undetectable, the level of complement 3 reached the normal range, and renal function was restored. Conclusions Staphylococcal protein A immunoadsorption plus nonmyeloablative CD34+ autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation are effective and safe for refractory SLE, but the long-term effect remains to be connfirmed by further studies.

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