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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(4): 729-734, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374336

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A razão neutrófilo-linfócito (RNL) tem sido proposta como um marcador inflamatório possivelmente associado a aterosclerose coronariana, embora a maioria dos dados atuais seja restrita à fase aguda. Além disso, a associação entre a RNL e a aterosclerose extracoronariana ainda não está clara. Objetivo Analisar a associação entre a RNL e aterosclerose da aorta abdominal (AtAA). Métodos Foram incluídos pacientes assintomáticos submetidos a um programa de rastreamento. A AtAA foi avaliada através de ultrassom. Os números absolutos de leucócitos e linfócitos foram utilizados para calcular a RNL. Foi estabelecido um nível de significância estatística de 0,05. Resultados De 36.985 indivíduos (idade: 42±10 anos, 72% homens), foi identificada a presença de AtAA em 7%. Aqueles com AtAA eram mais velhos e tinham maior propensão a serem homens e diabéticos. A presença de AtAA foi associada a RNL aumentada (odds ratio [OR] 1,17; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%] 1,13-1,21). No entanto, a associação deixou de ser significativa quando a análise foi ajustada para os fatores de risco (OR 1,02; IC95% 0,97-1,06), principalmente devido à inclusão da idade no modelo. Quando os neutrófilos e linfócitos foram analisados separadamente, a associação negativa entre os linfócitos e a RNL foi invertida com a inclusão da idade, o que sugere um forte efeito confundidor da idade na relação entre linfócitos e aterosclerose. Por fim, a associação entre os neutrófilos e a AtAA deixou de ser significativa após o ajuste adicional para os fatores de risco tradicionais, mas não apenas para a idade. Conclusão Embora a RNL tenha se associado a AtAA, foi principalmente devido ao efeito confundidor da idade. No geral, os resultados sugerem um papel limitado da contagem de leucócitos como biomarcador de AtAA.


Abstract Background Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been proposed as an inflammatory marker that might be associated with coronary atherosclerosis, although most of the current data is restricted to the acute setting. Additionally, the association of NLR with extracoronary atherosclerosis and stable disease remains unclear. Objective To analyze the association between NLR and abdominal aortic atherosclerosis (AAAt). Methods We included asymptomatic individuals who underwent a health screening program. AAAt was measured by ultrasound. Absolute leukocyte and lymphocyte counts were used to calculate the NLR. The level of significance for statistical analysis was 0.05. Results Among 36,985 individuals (age: 42±10 years, 72% male), AAAt was identified in 7%. Those with AAAt were older and more likely to be male and diabetic. Presence of AAAt was associated with increased NLR (odds ratio [OR] 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13-1.21). However, this association was no longer significant when the analysis was adjusted for risk factors (OR 1.02; 95% CI 0.97-1.06), mostly due to the inclusion of age in the model. When neutrophils and lymphocytes were analyzed separately, the negative association between lymphocytes and AAAt was inverted once age was accounted for, suggesting a strong confounding effect of age on the relationship between lymphocytes and atherosclerosis. Finally, the association of neutrophils and AAAt lost significance after an additional adjustment for traditional risk factors, but not age alone. Conclusion Although the NLR was associated with AAAt, this was largely due to the confounding effect of age. Overall, the results suggest a limited role of leukocyte measurements as biomarkers of AAAt.

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(4): 745-753, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374339

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A pandemia de COVID-19 interferiu na prestação de atendimento a doenças cardiovasculares na América Latina. No entanto, o efeito da pandemia nos volumes de procedimentos cardíacos diagnósticos ainda não foi quantificado. Objetivo Avaliar (1) o impacto de COVID-19 nos volumes de diagnóstico cardíaco na América Latina e (2) determinar sua relação com a incidência de casos de COVID-19 e as medidas de distanciamento social. Métodos A International Atomic Energy Agency realizou uma pesquisa mundial avaliando mudanças nos volumes diagnósticos cardíacos decorrentes da COVID-19. Foram obtidos os volumes diagnósticos cardíacos dos locais participantes para março e abril de 2020 e comparados com março de 2019. Foram coletados dados de distanciamento social a partir dos Relatórios de mobilidade da comunidade de Google e a incidência de COVID-19 por país a partir de Our World in Data. Resultados Foram realizadas pesquisas em 194 centros que realizam procedimentos diagnósticos cardíacos, em 19 países da América Latina. Em comparação com o mês de março de 2019, os volumes dos procedimentos diagnósticos cardíacos diminuíram 36% em março de 2020 e 82% em abril de 2020.As maiores reduções ocorreram em relação aos testes de estresse ecocardiográfico (91%), testes ergométricos de esteira (88%) e escore de cálcio por tomografia computadorizada (87%), com pequenas variações entre as sub-regiões da América Latina. As mudanças em padrões de distanciamento social (p < 0,001) estavam mais fortemente associadas com a redução do volume do que a incidência de COVID-19 (p = 0,003). Conclusões A COVID-19 foi associada a uma redução significativa de procedimentos diagnósticos cardíacos na América Latina, a qual foi mais relacionada ao distanciamento social do que ao aumento da incidência da COVID-19. São necessários melhor equilíbrio e timing de medidas de distanciamento social e planejamento para manter o acesso ao atendimento médico durante um surto pandêmico, especialmente em regiões com alta mortalidade cardiovascular.


Abstract Background The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the delivery of care for cardiovascular diseases in Latin America. However, the effect of the pandemic on the cardiac diagnostic procedure volumes has not been quantified. Objective To assess (1) the impact of COVID-19 on cardiac diagnostic volumes in Latin America and (2) determine its relationship with COVID-19 case incidence and social distancing measures. Methods The International Atomic Energy Agency conducted a worldwide survey assessing changes in cardiac diagnostic volumes resulting from COVID-19. Cardiac diagnostic volumes were obtained from participating sites for March and April 2020 and compared to March 2019. Social distancing data were collected from Google COVID-19 community mobility reports and COVID-19 incidence per country from the Our World in Data. Results Surveys were conducted in 194 centers performing cardiac diagnostic procedures, in 19 countries in Latin America. Procedure volumes decreased 36% from March 2019 to March 2020, and 82% from March 2019 to April 2020. The greatest decreases occurred in echocardiogram stress tests (91%), exercise treadmill tests (88%), and computed tomography calcium scores (87%), with slight variations between sub-regions of Latin America. Changes in social distancing patterns (p < 0.001) were more strongly associated with volume reduction than COVID-19 incidence (p = 0.003). Conclusions COVID-19 was associated with a significant reduction in cardiac diagnostic procedures in Latin America, which was more related to social distancing than to the COVID-19 incidence. Better balance and timing of social distancing measures and planning to maintain access to medical care is warranted during a pandemic surge, especially in regions with high cardiovascular mortality.

4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(5): 978-985, nov. 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350017

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O prognóstico de longo prazo pós síndrome coronária aguda (SCA) no cuidado secundário não é bem conhecido. A gravidade da doença arterial coronariana (DAC) como preditor de mortalidade no longo prazo foi avaliada em um hospital público no Brasil. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o prognóstico de curto e longo prazo após um evento de SCA, de acordo com a gravidade da doença obstrutiva, em pacientes atendidos em um hospital público secundário para um coorte prospectivo sobre DAC no Brasil (o Estudo de Registro de Insuficiência Coronariana, estudo ERICO) Métodos Foram realizadas análises de sobrevida por curvas de Kaplan-Meier e modelo de risco proporcional de Cox [razão de risco (RR) com o respectivo intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95% para avaliar mortalidade cumulativa global, por DCV e DAC, de acordo com a obstrução arterial coronária: sem obstrução (grupo de referência), doença de um vaso, doença de dois vasos, doença de múltiplos vasos] entre 800 adultos do estudo ERICO durante 4 anos de monitoramento. As RR são apresentadas como dados brutos e posteriormente padronizadas quanto a possíveis fatores de confusão, no período de 180 dias até 4 anos de monitoramento após a SCA. O p-valor <0.05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Taxas de sobrevida mais baixas foram detectadas entre indivíduos com a doença de múltiplos vasos (global, DCV e DAC, p de teste de Log-rank <0,0001). Depois da padronização multivariada, a doença de múltiplos vasos [RR; 2,33 (IC 95%; 1,10-4,95)] e doença de um vaso obstruído [RR; 2,44 (IC 95%; 1,11-5,34)] tiveram o risco mais alto de mortalidade global comparadas aos índices dos sujeitos sem obstrução no monitoramento de 4 anos. Conclusões Não só os pacientes com doença de múltiplos vasos como também os com doença de um vaso tiveram alto risco de mortalidade no longo prazo pós-SCA. Esses achados destacam a importância de se ter uma abordagem melhor no tratamento e no controle de fatores de risco cardiovascular, mesmo em indivíduos com risco aparentemente baixo, atendidos em cuidado secundário.


Abstract Background Long-term prognosis post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in secondary care is not well-known. The severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) as a predictor of long-term mortality was evaluated in a community hospital in Brazil. Objective We aimed to compare short and long-term prognosis after an ACS event according to severity of obstructive disease in patients attended in a secondary community hospital from prospective CAD cohort in Brazil (the Strategy of Registry of Acute Coronary Syndrome, ERICO study). Methods Survival analyses were performed by Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard models (hazard ratios (HR) with respective 95% confidence interval (CI) to evaluate cumulative all-cause, CVD and CAD mortality according the coronary artery obstruction: no-obstruction (reference group), 1-vessel-disease, 2-vessel-disease, multivessel-disease) among 800 adults from an ERICO study during a 4-year-follow-up. HR are presented as crude and further adjusted for potential confounders from 180 days to 4-year follow-up after ACS. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Poorer survival rates were detected among individuals with multivessel-disease (all-cause, CVD and CAD, p-log rank< 0.0001). After multivariate adjustments, multivessel-disease -(HR; 2.33 (CI 95%; 1.10-4.95)) and 1-vessel-disease obstructed (HR; 2.44 (CI 95%; 1.11-5.34)) had the highest risk for all-cause mortality compared to those with no obstruction at 4-year follow-up. Conclusions Not only multivessel-disease, but also 1-vessel-disease patients showed a high long-term mortality risk post-ACS. These findings highlight the importance of having a better approach in the treatment and control of cardiovascular risk even in apparently low-risk individuals attended to in secondary care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hospitals, Community
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 706-712, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285185

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Indivíduos com hipercolesterolemia grave apresentam alto risco de desenvolver doença cardiovascular aterosclerótica (DCVA). Muitos deles apresentam hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF). Objetivos Avaliar, a partir da perspectiva dos pacientes, o nível de conhecimento sobre a hipercolesterolemia grave, especialmente em relação a HF, DCVA, percepção de risco, desempenho do rastreamento em cascata e tratamento de indivíduos participantes de um programa de avaliação periódica de saúde. Métodos De um banco de dados de 70.000 brasileiros avaliados entre 2006 e 2016, 1.987 (2,8%) atenderam aos critérios de inclusão (idade ≥ 18 anos e LDL-C ≥ 190 mg/dL ou ≥ 160 mg/dL se sem uso de estatinas ou em terapia com estatinas, respectivamente). Desses, 200 foram aleatoriamente convidados a preencher um questionário extenso. A HF foi diagnosticada em caso de suspeita pelo médico responsável. Resultados Embora 97% da amostra (48±9 anos; 16% do sexo feminino; 95% com ensino superior; 88% em prevenção primária; LDL-C 209±47 mg/dL) tenha apresentado hipercolesterolemia grave, apenas 18% e 29,5% se consideravam de alto risco para desenvolver DCVA e relataram saber sua meta recomendada de LDL-C, respectivamente. Em relação à possibilidade de o colesterol alto ser uma doença hereditária, 58% relataram conhecimento sobre o fato; 24,5% (n = 49) já tinham ouvido falar em HF; e apenas 14% (n = 20) foram previamente identificados com suspeita de HF (idade ao diagnóstico de HF: 35±12 anos; 79% e 31% foram diagnosticados com > 30 e > 40 anos, respectivamente). Apenas 2,5% foram submetidos a testes genéticos; 17%, à rastreamento em cascata; e 17% não faziam uso de tratamento farmacológico. Conclusões Identificou-se uma importante lacuna na percepção de risco, no controle do colesterol e em aspectos relacionados à HF em indivíduos com hipercolesterolemia grave. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Individuals with severe hypercholesterolemia are at a high risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Many of them have familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Objectives To assess from a patient perspective the degree of awareness about severe hypercholesterolemia, especially FH, ASCVD risk perception, cascade screening performance, and treatment of individuals participating in a routine health evaluation program. Methods From a database of 70,000 Brazilian individuals evaluated between 2006 and 2016, 1,987 (2.8%) met the inclusion criteria (age ≥ 18 years and LDL-C ≥ 190 mg/dL or ≥ 160 mg/dL, respectively, if not in use of statins or on statin therapy). Two-hundred individuals were randomly invited to complete an extensive questionnaire. FH was diagnosed if suspected by the attending physician. Results Although 97% of the sample (age 48±9 years; 16% women; 95% college/university education; 88% primary prevention; LDL-C 209±47 mg/dL) had severe hypercholesterolemia, only 18% and 29.5% believed to be at high ASCVD risk and reported knowledge of their recommended LDL-C goal, respectively. Fifty-eight percent reported being informed that high cholesterol could be a family disease, 24.5% (n = 49) had ever heard about FH, and merely 14% (n = 29) had been previously identified as suspected of having FH (age at FH diagnosis 35±12 years; 79% and 31% diagnosed, respectively, > 30 and > 40 years old). Only 2.5% underwent genetic tests, 17% underwent cascade screening, and 17% were not in use of pharmacological treatment. Conclusions An important gap in risk perception, cholesterol management, and aspects related to FH was encountered in individuals with severe hypercholesterolemia. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/drug therapy , Brazil , Risk Factors , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cholesterol, LDL , Middle Aged
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(6): 1051-1060, dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152934

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Em regiões endêmicas da doença de Chagas, por muitos anos, existe uma observação empírica recorrente de que a doença arterial coronariana (DAC) é incomum em pacientes com doença de Chagas. Estudos anteriores baseados em análise patológica ou angiografia coronária invasiva apresentam resultados controversos. Objetivo Investigar se a DAC é menos prevalente e menos grave em pacientes com doença de Chagas crônica em comparação a uma população pareada controle, com perfil de risco para DAC similar. Métodos Um total de 86 participantes, 43 pacientes com doença de Chagas crônica consecutivos e 43 indivíduos assintomáticos, sem qualquer história prévia de doença cardíaca ou doença DAC conhecida (grupo controle), foram incluídos no estudo. Pacientes e controles foram pareados quanto sexo, idade e escore de risco de Framingham. Todos os pacientes foram analisados quanto ao escore de cálcio coronário (ECC) e submetidos à angiotomografia coronária usando um tomógrafo de 320 detectores. O nível de significância estatística adotado foi de p < 0,05. Resultados O ECC foi significativamente mais baixo em pacientes com doença de Chagas em comparação aos controles (p<0,05). A presença de placas ateroscleróticas coronárias foi significativamente menos frequente em pacientes com doença de Chagas que nos controles (20,9% versus 41,9%, p=0,037). Após ajuste quanto ao escore de Framingham, o odds ratio para a presença de qualquer calcificação coronária foi de 0,26 (IC95%: 0,07-0,99, p=0,048). O padrão é similar para escore de cálcio coronário (ECC) > 10 (OR: 0,11, IC95%: 0,01-0,87, p=0,04), e para a presença de estenose (OR: 0,06, IC95%: 0,01-0,47, p=0,001). O pareamento por escore de propensão também mostrou um efeito da doença de Chagas no ECC (-21,6 pontos no escore absoluto e 25% menos pacientes com ECC > 10; p=0,015). Conclusões A prevalência e a gravidade da DAC são mais baixas nos pacientes com doença de Chagas crônica em comparação a uma população pareada e perfil de risco para DAC similar. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1051-1060)


Abstract Background In Chagas' disease endemic regions, there has been for many years a recurrent empirical observation that coronary artery disease (CAD) is uncommon in patients with Chagas' disease. Previous pathological and invasive coronary angiography studies led to controversial results. Objective We sought to investigate whether CAD is less prevalent and less severe in patients with chronic Chagas' disease when compared with a matched population with a similar CAD risk profile. Methods A total of 86 participants, 43 consecutive patients with chronic Chagas' disease and 43 asymptomatic individuals, without any prior history of cardiac disease or known CAD (control group), were included. Patients and controls were matched according to gender, age, and Framingham risk score. All participants underwent coronary calcium scoring and coronary computed tomography angiography on a 320-row detector scanner. Statistical significance level adopted was p < 0.05. Results The coronary artery calcium score (CACS) was significantly lower in patients with Chagas' disease than in controls (p<0.05). The presence of coronary atherosclerotic plaques was significantly less frequent in patients with Chagas' disease than in controls (20.9% versus 41.9%, p=0.037). After adjustment for the Framingham score, the odds ratio for the presence of any coronary artery calcium (CAC) in Chagas patients was 0.26 (95%CI: 0.07-0.99, p=0.048). The pattern is similar for CACS > 10 (OR: 0.11, 95%CI: 0.01-0.87, p=0.04) and for the presence of any stenosis (OR: 0.06, 95%CI: 0.01-0.47, p=0.001). Propensity score matching also indicated an effect of Chagas disease on the CACS (-21.6 points in the absolute score and 25% less of patients with CACS >10, p=0.015). Conclusions CAD is less prevalent and less severe in patients with chronic Chagas' disease when compared with a matched population with a similar CAD risk profile. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(6):1051-1060)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Chagas Disease/diagnostic imaging , Prevalence , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography , Computed Tomography Angiography
11.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 351-357, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019365

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective In this study, we aimed to describe the prevalence and distribution of positive antithyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOAb) according to sex, age strata, and presence of thyroid dysfunction using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Materials and methods Thyroid hormone tests were obtained from each study participant at baseline. Levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) were measured using a third-generation immunoenzymatic assay. Antithyroperoxidase antibodies were measured by electrochemiluminescence and were considered to be positive when ≥ 34 IU/mL. Results The prevalence of TPOAb among 13,503 study participants was 12%. Of participants with positive TPOAb, 69% were women. Almost 60% of the individuals with positive TPOAb were white. The presence of positive TPOAb was associated with the entire spectrum of thyroid diseases among women, but only with overt hyperthyroidism and overt hypothyroidism in men. Conclusion The distribution of positive TPOAb across sex, race, age, and thyroid function in the ELSA-Brasil study is aligned with the worldwide prevalence of positive TPOAb reported in iodine-sufficient areas. In women, the presence of TPOAb was related to the entire spectrum of thyroid dysfunction, while in men, it was only related to the occurrence of overt thyroid disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Thyroid Diseases/epidemiology , Iodide Peroxidase/blood , Antibodies/blood , Thyroid Diseases/blood , Thyroxine/blood , Brazil/ethnology , Brazil/epidemiology , Thyrotropin/blood , Body Mass Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , European Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(3): 230-237, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989327

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) has played an important role in the risk stratification of patients during the in-hospital phase of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but few studies have determined its role as a long-term prognostic marker in the outpatient setting. Objective: To investigate the association between levels of hs-cTnI measured in the subacute phase after an ACS event and long-term prognosis in a highly admixed population. Methods: We measured levels of hs-cTnI in 525 patients 25 to 90 days after admission for an ACS event; these patients were then divided into tertiles according to hs-cTnI levels and followed for up to 7 years. We compared all-cause and cardiovascular mortality using Cox proportional hazards models and adopting a significance level of 5%. Results: After a median follow-up of 51 months, patients in the highest tertile had a greater hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality after adjustment for age, sex, known cardiovascular risk factors, medication use, and demographic factors (HR: 3.84, 95% CI: 1.92-8.12). These findings persisted after further adjustment for estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and left ventricular ejection fraction < 0.40 (HR: 6.53, 95% CI: 2.12-20.14). Cardiovascular mortality was significantly higher in the highest tertile after adjustment for age and sex (HR: 5.65, 95% CI: 1.94-16.47) and both in the first (HR: 4.90, 95% CI: 1.35-17.82) and second models of multivariate adjustment (HR: 5.89, 95% CI: 1.08-32.27). Conclusions: Elevated hs-cTnI levels measured in the stabilized phase after an ACS event are independent predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a highly admixed population.


Resumo Fundamento: A troponina cardíaca de alta sensibilidade I (TnI-as) tem desempenhado um papel importante na estratificação de risco dos pacientes durante a fase intra-hospitalar da síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA), mas poucos estudos determinaram seu papel como marcador prognóstico de longo prazo no ambiente ambulatorial. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre os níveis de TnI-as medidos na fase subaguda após um evento de SCA e o prognóstico a longo prazo, em uma população altamente miscigenada. Métodos: Medimos os níveis de TnI-as em 525 pacientes em um período de 25 a 90 dias após a entrada em hospital por um evento de SCA; esses pacientes foram então divididos em tercis conforme os níveis de TnI-as, e acompanhados por até 7 anos. Comparamos as mortalidades por todas as causas e cardiovascular através de modelos de riscos proporcionais de Cox e adotando um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Após um acompanhamento médio de 51 meses, os pacientes no tercil mais alto apresentaram uma taxa de risco (HR) maior para mortalidade por todas as causas, após ajustes para idade, sexo, fatores de risco cardiovascular conhecidos, uso de medicação e fatores demográficos (HR: 3,84 IC 95%: 1,92-8,12). Esses achados persistiram após um ajuste adicional para uma taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) estimada < 60 ml/min/1,73 m2 e uma fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo < 0,40 (HR: 6,53; IC95%: 2,12-20,14). A mortalidade cardiovascular foi significativamente maior no tercil mais alto, após ajustes para idade e sexo (RR: 5,65; IC95%: 1,94-16,47) e tanto no primeiro modelo de ajuste multivariado (HR: 4,90; IC 95%: 1,35-17,82) quanto no segundo (HR: 5,89; IC95%: 1,08-32,27). Conclusões: Níveis elevados de TnI-as, medidos na fase estabilizada após um evento de SCA, são preditores independentes de mortalidade por todas as causas e de mortalidade cardiovascular em uma população altamente miscigenada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Troponin I/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Biomarkers/blood , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Cause of Death , Troponin T/blood , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis
15.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(5): 537-544, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983793

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Recent data indicates an increasing incidence of thyroid cancer not accompanied by a proportional increase in mortality, suggesting overdiagnosis, which may represent a big public health problem, particularly where resources are scarce. This article aims to describe and evaluate the procedures related to investigation of thyroid nodules and treatment and follow-up of thyroid cancer and the costs for the Brazilian public health system between 2008 and 2015. Materials and methods: Data on procedures related to investigation of thyroid nodules and treatment/follow-up of thyroid cancer between 2008 and 2015 in Brazil were collected from the Department of Informatics of the Brazilian Unified Health System (Datasus) website. Results: A statistically significant increase in the use of procedures related to thyroid nodules investigation and thyroid cancer treatment and follow-up was observed in Brazil, though a reduction was noted for procedures related to the treatment of more aggressive thyroid cancer, such as total thyroidectomy with neck dissection and higher radioiodine activities such as 200 and 250 milicuries (mCi). The procedures related to thyroid nodules investigation costs increased by 91% for thyroid ultrasound (p = 0.0003) and 128% in thyroid nodule biopsy (p < 0.001). Costs related to treatment and follow-up related-procedures increased by 120%. Conclusion: The increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer in Brazil is directly associated with an increased use of diagnostic tools for thyroid nodules, which leads to an upsurge in thyroid cancer treatment and followup-related procedures. These data suggest that substantial resources are being used for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of a potentially indolent condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/economics , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Cost of Illness , National Health Programs/economics , Radiotherapy/economics , Radiotherapy/statistics & numerical data , Thyroidectomy/economics , Thyroidectomy/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thyroid Neoplasms/therapy , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography/economics , Ultrasonography/statistics & numerical data
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(2): 187-192, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887655

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective We sought to investigate the impact of self-reported fasting duration times on the lipid profile results and its impact on the cardiovascular risk stratification and metabolic syndrome diagnosis. Subjects and methods We analyzed data from all consecutive individuals evaluated in a comprehensive health examination at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein from January to December 2015. We divided these patients in three groups, according to the fasting duration recalled (< 8h, 8-12h and > 12h). We calculated the global cardiovascular risk and diagnosed metabolic syndrome according to the current criteria and estimated their change according to fasting duration. Results A total of 12,196 (42.3 ± 9.2 years-old, 30.2% females) patients were evaluated. The distribution of cardiovascular risk was not different among groups defined by fasting duration in both men and women (p = 0.547 for women and p = 0.329 for men). Similarly, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was not influenced by the fasting duration (p = 0.431 for women and p = 0.166 for men). Conclusion Self-reported fasting duration had no significant impact on the lipid profile results, including triglyceride levels. Consequently, no changes on the cardiovascular risk stratification using the Framingham risk score nor changes on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome were noted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Triglycerides/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Fasting/blood , Risk Assessment/methods , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Self Report , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/metabolism , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology
19.
In. Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Kalil Filho, Roberto; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo Gehm. Manual de condutas em cardio-oncologia / Manual of conducts in cardiology and oncology. Rio de janeiro, Atheneu, 1ª; 2018. p.95-110.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-875221
20.
In. Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Kalil Filho, Roberto; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo Gehm. Manual de condutas em cardio-oncologia / Manual of conducts in cardiology and oncology. Rio de janeiro, Atheneu, 1ª; 2018. p.175-178.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-875225
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