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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 296-299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920637

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between short term PM 2.5 exposure and high blood pressure in adolescents and its modification effect of overweight and obesity, and to provide a reference for the refined management of students physical health and the scientific prevention and controlling of air pollution.@*Methods@#A total of 148 956 junior high school students and senior high school students who passed the annual physical examination data of middle school students in Beijing from 2017 to 2018 were selected; The inverse distance weighted interpolation method was used to get the meteorological elements and air quality of the research area; Linear mixed effect model was used to estimate the cumulative lag effect of short term PM 2.5 exposure on systolic and diastolic blood pressure within 7 days, and analyze the modification effect of overweight and obesity on the association between short term PM 2.5 exposure and high blood pressure in adolescents.@*Results@#From September 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018, the average concentration of PM 2.5 was (56.53±45.85)μg/m 3; The detection rate of overweight and obesity was 34.22%, and the detection rate of high blood pressure was 8.03%. The cumulative lag effect of PM 2.5 on systolic blood pressure in overweight and obesity group was the largest at lag07, that is, the daily average concentration of PM 2.5 increased by 10 μg/m 3 was significantly correlated with higher systolic blood pressure ( OR =1.05,95% CI =1.03-1.07); the cumulative lag effect of PM 2.5 on systolic blood pressure in non overweight and obese group was the largest at lag05, that is, the daily average concentration of PM 2.5 increased by 10 μg/m 3 was significantly correlated with higher systolic blood pressure ( OR =1.04,95% CI =1.02-1.06). Short term exposure to PM 2.5 did not affect the high diastolic blood pressure in adolescents. Overweight and obese adolescents were more susceptible to high blood pressure caused by short term PM 2.5 exposure within 3 days of cumulative lag (lag01-lag03).@*Conclusion@#The short term exposure of PM 2.5 has a significant positive correlation with adolescent blood pressure, and shows a lag effect. Overweight and obese adolescents have higher blood pressure after PM 2.5 short term exposure.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the motion and influencing factors of implanted gold markers in guiding liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using abdominal compression.Methods:Twenty patients with oligometastatic colorectal cancer or primary hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2016 to December 2019 were included. All patients were treated with SBRT under abdominal compression, with 1-3 gold markers were implanted within 2 cm from the lesion before positioning. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) scan was used for treatment planning. The respiratory cycle was divided into 0-90% respiratory phase images based on the respiratory signal, which were reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3 version 9.1; Philips Medical System, Madison, WI, USA), and cone beam CT validation images before radiation exposure were obtained. The liver volume was divided into 3 parts: within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, 2-5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein. The motion of different tumor locations was evaluated. Results:The average intrafractional motion amplitude was (2.63±2.81) mm in the cranial-caudal (CC) direction, (1.35±1.23) mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction, and (0.76±0.88) mm in the left-right (LR) direction, respectively. The average interfractional motion amplitude was (3.45±3.06) mm, (2.64±2.60) mm, and (2.23±2.07) mm, respectively. Both the intra-or inter-fractional motion amplitudes in the CC direction were the highest, followed by those in the AP and LR direction (all P<0.001). The motion varied at different tumor locations. The longer distance from the main hepatic portal vein, the larger the intrafractional motion (all P<0.05). To cover the 95% population-based confidence interval, the internal target volume (ITV) was suggested to include the expansion of 3.9 mm, 5.2 mm and 7.9 mm in the LR, AP and CC direction. The expansion of 4.3 mm, 4.4 mm and 6.1 mm was delivered within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and 3.5 mm, 7.3 mm and 9.7 mm>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, respectively. The expansion varied significantly depending on the tumor location, whereas the motion in the CC direction was the largest regardless of the tumor location. The longer distance of the tumor from the main portal vein, the larger expansion in the CC direction. The expansion of tumor > 5 cm from the main portal vein in the AP direction was larger than that of inner parts. Conclusion:Liver tumors at different locations require individual external expansion of ITV.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dosimetric characteristics, acute toxicity and short-term efficacy of postmastectomy hypofractionated internal mammary (IM) chain irradiation with electrons in patients with high-risk breast cancer.Methods:A total of 155 patients with breast cancer who underwent modified mastectomy between November 2018 and January 2020 were selected. Among them, 137(88.4%) patients were classified as stage Ⅲ and 18(11.6%) as stage Ⅱ. All patients received standard chemotherapy, endocrine therapy and anti-Her2 targeted therapy. CTV im was divided into three subregions: CTV im1, CTV im2 and CTV im3, which represented the first, second and third intercostal IM, respectively. The planning target volume of subraclavicular region (PTV sc) was delineated. CTV cw and CTV im were irradiated with 6-15 MeV electron at 43.5 Gy in 15 fractions over 3 weeks. Moreover, PTV sc was irradiated with 6 MV X-ray at 43.5 Gy in 15 fractions over 3 weeks using two-dimensional radiotherapy (2DRT) or three-dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT). The dosimetric characteristics of CTV im, PTV sc, lung, heart, left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and right coronary artery (RA) were evaluated, and the acute toxicity and short-term efficacy were analyzed. Results:The mean dose (D mean) of CTV im was (43.3±2.6) Gy, D 95% was (30.5±8.3) Gy, V 90% was (85.0±10.5)% and V 80% was (91.0±7.4)%, respectively. The corresponding parameters of CTV im1 were significantly lower than those of CTV im2 and CTV im3(all P<0.001). Body mass index exerted no significant effect on IM dose ( P>0.05). Compared with 2DRT, 3DRT for SC significantly increased theD mean of CTV im[(43.4±2.6) Gy vs.(41.4±2.3) Gy, P=0.021], and the hot spot within PTV sc[V 110%: (26.7±17.5) cm 3vs.(12.5±8.4) cm 3, P=0.018; V 120%: (6.1±5.3) cm 3vs.(2.0±2.6) cm 3, P=0.023]. TheD mean of the ipsilateral lung was (9.8±1.9) Gy, and V 20Gy was (19.7±4.7)%. TheD mean of heart was (3.3±1.7) Gy in the whole group, (4.7±1.4) Gy for the left-sided breast cancer and (2.6±1.2) Gy for the right-sided breast cancer, respectively. TheD mean of LAD for the left-sided breast cancer was (13.9±4.9) Gy. TheD mean of RA for the right-sided breast cancer was (7.5±3.7) Gy. The incidence rates of ≥ grade 2 acute radiation dermatitis, esophagitis and pneumonitis were 19.3%, 4.5% and 2.6%, respectively. With a median follow-up time of 20.5 months (range: 9.9-41.8 months), 2 cases of chest wall recurrence, 2 regional lymph node recurrence, 6 distant metastases and 1 death were reported. Conclusions:When hypofractionated internal mammary chain is irradiated by electrons after mastectomy, the doses to the lung, heart and coronary artery are low, and the acute toxicities are mild. However, the dose to CTV im1 is inadequate. Although short-term efficacy is high, long-term follow-up is warranted.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognosis of patients with isolated regional recurrence (RR) after mastectomy, and evaluate the efficacy of radiotherapy and identify the optimal radiation target volumes.Methods:Clinical data of 144 patients with first isolated RR after mastectomy between 2001 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had not received post-mastectomy radiotherapy. The primary endpoints consisted of the subsequent locoregional recurrence (sLRR), distant metastasis (DM), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).Results:With a median follow-up of 82.5 months after RR, the 5-year sLRR, DM, PFS and OS rates for the entire group were 42.1%, 71.9%, 22.9% and 62.6%, respectively. Local plus systemic therapy was an independent favorable prognostic factor for sLRR ( P<0.001) and PFS ( P=0.013). The sLRR rate in the surgery plus radiotherapy group was the lowest ( P<0.001). Surgery plus radiotherapy significantly reduced the 5-year risk of recurrence within the initially involved nodal regions ( P<0.001). Patients with chest wall irradiation obtained the 5-year subsequent chest wall recurrence rate of 12.1% compared to 14.8%( P=0.873) for those without chest wall irradiation. The subsequent supraclavicular recurrence rate was lower in patients with prophylactic supraclavicular irradiation than that without prophylactic supraclavicular irradiation (9.9% vs. 23.8%, P=0.206). The incidence rates of initially uninvolved axillary and internal mammary nodal recurrence were below 10% regardless of prophylactic irradiation or not. Conclusions:Patients with RR alone have an optimistic 5-year OS in the contemporary era. Comprehensive locoregional treatment including surgery and radiotherapy combined with systemic therapy is recommended. The chest wall, axillary and internal mammary nodal prophylactic irradiation should not be routinely performed for all patients with RR. The value of supraclavicular prophylactic irradiation remains to be evaluated.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) model of" neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus consolidation neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CNCT) followed by surgery" for locally advanced gastric cancer.Methods:From 2018 to 2020, 28 patients clinically diagnosed with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma or Siewert Ⅱ/Ⅲ adenocarcinoma gastroesophageal junction cancer were prospectively enrolled. The neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) was delivered with a total dose of 45 Gy, 1.8 Gy/f. Concurrent chemotherapy was S-1 at a dose of 40-60 mg twice daily. Then, patients received four to six cycles of CNCT of SOX regimen at three weeks after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. D 2 lymphadenectomy was performed at 4-6 weeks after CNCT. Results:A total of 28 patients completed the whole therapy. Grade 3 or above adverse events occurred in 3 cases (11%) during CCRT, including thrombocytopenia, leukopenia and anorexia; 2 cases (7%) developed leukopenia and 3 cases (11%) of thrombocytopenia during CNCT. Twenty patients (71%) completed the surgery. The proportion of patients with pathological complete remission (pCR) was 50%. Three patients experienced surgical complications including anastomotic leak, anastomotic stenosis and intra-abdominal sepsis. All were recovered after symptomatic treatment.Conclusion:Interim analysis results demonstrate that TNT can yield significant down-staging for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer, which causes tolerable adverse events and postoperative complications.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the radiation field and dose selection of patients with isolated chest wall recurrence (ICWR) after modified radical mastectomy, and analyze the prognostic factors related to subsequent chest wall recurrence.Methods:Clinical data of 201 patients with ICWR after mastectomy admitted to the Fifth Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital from 1998 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. None of the patients received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. After ICWR, 48 patients (73.6%) underwent surgery and 155 patients (77.1%) received radiotherapy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the post-recurrence progression-free survival (PFS) rates and the difference was compared by log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was performed using Cox regression model. Competing risk model was adopted to estimate the subsequent local recurrence (sLR) rates after ICWR and the difference was compared with Gray test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using F&G analysis. Results:With a median follow up of 92.8 months after ICWR, the 5-year PFS rate was 23.2%, and the 5-year sLR rate was 35.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with surgery plus radiotherapy and recurrence interval o F>12 months had a lower sLR rate. Patients with recurrence interval o F>48 months, local plus systemic treatment and surgery plus radiotherapy had a higher PFS rate. Among the 155 patients who received chest wall radiotherapy after ICWR, total chest wall irradiation plus local boost could improve the 5-year PFS rate compared with total chest wall irradiation alone (34.0% vs. 15.4%, P=0.004). Chest wall radiation dose (≤60 Gy vs.>60 Gy) exerted no significant effect upon the sLR and PFS rates (both P>0.05). In the 53 patients without surgery, the 5-year PFS rates were 9.1% and 20.5%( P=0.061) with tumor bed dose ≤60 Gy and>60 Gy, respectively. Conclusions:Local radiotherapy is recommended for patients with ICWR after modified radical mastectomy of breast cancer, including total chest wall radiation plus local boost. The radiation dose for recurrence should be increased to 60 Gy, and it should be above 60 Gy for those who have not undergone surgical resection. In addition, patients with ICWR still have a high risk of sLR, and more effective treatments need to be explored.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an automatic planning method using volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) for primary liver cancer (PLC) radiotherapy based on predicting the feasibility dose-volume histogram (DVH) and evaluate its performance.Methods:Ten patients with PLC were randomly chosen in this retrospective study. Pinnacle Auto-Planning was used to design the VMAT automatic plan, and the feasibility DVH curve was obtained through the PlanIQ dose prediction, and the initial optimization objectives of the automatic plan were set according to the displayed feasible objectives interval. The plans were accessed according to dosimetric parameters of the planning target volume and organs at risk as well as the monitor units. All patients′ automatic plans were compared with clinically accepted manual plans by using the paired t-test. Results:There was no significant difference of the planning target volume D 2%, D 98%, D mean or homogeneity index between the automatic and manual plans ((58.55±2.81) Gy vs.(57.98±4.17) Gy, (47.15±1.58) Gy vs.(47.82±1.38) Gy, (53.14±0.95) Gy vs.(53.44±1.67) Gy and 1.15±0.05 vs. 1.14±0.07, all P>0.05). The planning target volume conformity index of the manual plan was slightly higher than that of the automatic plan (0.77±0.08 vs. 0.69±0.06, P<0.05). The mean doses of normal liver, V 30Gy, V 20Gy, V 10Gy, V 5Gy and V< 5Gy of the automatic plan were significantly better than those of the manual plan ((26.68±11.13)% vs.(28.00±10.95)%, (29.96±11.50)% vs.(31.89±11.51)%, (34.88±11.51)% vs.(38.66±11.67)%, (45.38±12.40)% vs.(50.74±13.56)%, and (628.52±191.80) cm 3vs.(563.15±188.39) cm 3, all P<0.05). The mean doses of the small intestine, the duodenum, and the heart, as well as lung V 10 of the automatic plan were significantly less than those of the manual plan ((1.83±2.17) Gy vs.(2.37±2.81) Gy, (9.15±9.36) Gy vs.(11.18±10.49) Gy, and (5.44±3.10) Gy vs.(6.25±3.26) Gy, as well as (12.70±7.08)% vs.(14.47±8.11)%, all P<0.05). Monitor units did not significantly differ between two plans ((710.67±163.72) MU vs.(707.53±155.89) MU, P>0.05). Conclusions:The automatic planning method using VMAT for PLC radiotherapy based on predicting the feasibility DVH enhances the quality for PLC plans, especially in terms of normal liver sparing. Besides, it also has advantages for the protection of the intestine, whole lung and heart.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between gastric filling status and intra-or inter-fractional tumor displacement in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) undergoing preoperative radiotherapy.Methods:From October 2018 to June 2019, 10 patients with locally advanced AEG who received totally neoadjuvant therapy were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients received two markers implanted at the cranial and caudal borders of the tumors under gastroscope and a total of 20 fiducial markers were implanted finally. All patients underwent 4DCT scan under the gastric fasting and filling status. Ten images of 0% to 90% respiratory phase were automatically reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3, version 9.1, Philips Medical Systems, Eindhoven, The Netherland). Each patient obtained one hundred sets of images. Results:In the tumors proximal to the chest, gastric filling did not significantly affect intrafractional or interfractional tumor displacements. Nevertheless, in the tumors distal to the chest, the interfractional displacement in the cranio-caudal (CC) direction under the gastric fasting status was significantly larger compared with that under the gastric filling status (6.22±4.67 mm vs. 4.13±3.68 mm, P=0.013). To ensure 95% of the prescribed dose irradiated to at least 90% of the tumor volume during the radiotherapy, the margins of tumors proximal to the chest in the left-right (LR), antero-posterior (AP) and CC directions were 9 mm, 8.5 mm, 12.1 mm under gastric filling status with 300 ml semi-fluid. Six patients diagnosed with gastric cancer with proximal thoracic fiducial markers treated by preoperative radiotherapy were included in the validation group, revealing that the fiducial markers of 93% patients were covered in this margin. Conclusion:During the preoperative radiotherapy in AEG patient, the approach of quantitative gastric filling can be considered.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of radiotherapy in the treatment of extracranial metastatic breast cancer, and to investigate the significance and prognostic factors of whole-lesion radiotherapy (WLRT).Methods:Clinical data of 85 patients with extracranial metastatic breast cancer treated with radiotherapy between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Thirty-six patients were assigned into the WLRT group and 49 in the non-WLRT group. The local control (LC), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated by Kaplan- Meier method, log-rank test and univariate prognostic analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results:The median follow-up time was 26.7 months. The 2-year LC, PFS, OS rates were 77%, 26%, 77%, respectively. The 2-year LC (91% vs. 67%, P=0.001), PFS (47% vs. 8%, P<0.001), OS rates (84% vs. 71%, P=0.010) in the WLRT group were significantly higher than those in the non-WLRT group, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that WLRT was an independent favorable prognostic factor for the LC, PFS and OS. Furthermore, bone metastasis alone was associated with improved LC and positive hormone receptor status was correlated with improved OS. Conclusions:WLRT has the potential to prolong the survival of patients with extracranial metastatic breast cancer. The patients with bone metastases alone obtain better LC, whereas those with negative hormone receptor status has worse OS.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic significance of neoadjuvant rectal (NAR) score and downstaging depth score (DDS) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC).Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed for 200 patients with LARC (T 3-T 4 and/or N 1-N 2, M 0), who were initially treated in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2015 to 2018. All patients had baseline MRI data and received preoperative nCRT and radical resection. All patients received preoperative radiotherapy with a dose of 45-50Gy combined with concurrent capecitabine. The effect of NAR and DDS scores on clinical prognosis was statistically compared. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) was calculated using the Kaplan- Meier method and compared by the log- rank test. Cox proportional hazards model was used to perform multivariate survival analysis. The predictive performance for 3-year DFS was calculated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The median follow-up time was 30.5(10.6-54.0) months. In terms of DDS, the 3-year DFS rate was 56.4% in the DDS ≤0 group, significantly lower than 83.0% in the DDS >0 group ( P=0.002). In terms of NAR score, the 3-year DFS rates were 90.1%, 73.8% and 53.6% in NAR score ≤8, 8-16 and>16 groups, respectively ( P<0.001). In the whole cohort, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of DDS and NAR scores for predicting 3-year DFS were 0.683 and 0.756( P=0.037). In yp0-I stage patients ( n=72), the AUC of DDS and NAR scores for predicting 3-year DFS were 0.762 and 0.569( P=0.032). Conclusions:High DDS and low NAR scores after nCRT indicate good prognosis for patients with LARC. NAR score yields better accuracy than DDS in predicting clinical prognosis, but DDS is significantly better than NAR score in yp0-I stage population.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 830-834, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of water improvement and the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children aged 8 to 12 in drinking-water-type endemic fluorosis (referred to as drinking-water-type fluorosis) areas in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (referred to as Inner Mongolia), and to evaluate the effectiveness of prevention and control measures, and provide a basis for timely adjustment of prevention and control strategies.Methods:In 2019, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the situation of water improvement and water fluoride content in all villages of 85 drinking-water-type fluorosis banners (counties) in Inner Mongolia, and all the children aged 8 to 12 were examined for dental fluorosis.Results:Among the 9 623 disease affected villages in the region, the water improvement projects were completed in 8 547 villages, and the water improvement rate was 88.82%. There were 7 145 water improvement villages whose water fluoride content met the national drinking water hygiene standard, which accounted for 83.60% (7 145/8 547) of the total villages with water improvement projects. A total of 118 857 children aged 8 to 12 were examined, and 9 123 cases of dental fluorosis were detected. The detection rate of dental fluorosis was 7.68%, which was lower than the upper limit of the dental fluorosis detection rate of fluorosis area standards (30%).Conclusions:The accomplishment rate of water improvement projects in drinking-water-type fluorosis areas of Inner Mongolia is high, and the condition of children's dental fluorosis has been effectively controlled. However, it is still necessary to strengthen the water quality monitoring, improve the qualified rate of water improvement projects, and effectively implement various comprehensive prevention and control measures.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the practical effect of multi-disciplinary treatment learning (MDT-L) combined with PBL+CBL teaching on the clinical clerkship of neurosurgery.Methods:In the study, 30 neurosurgery clinical interns accepted by Wuhan Third Hospital from January 2019 to December 2019 were set as the control group, and 30 neurosurgery clinical interns from January 2020 to December 2020 were set as the research group. The control group implemented conventional teaching, and the research group used MDT-L combined with PBL+CBL teaching. After the clerkship, the two groups' clinical clerkship results, changes of comprehensive abilities before and after clerkship, professional quality after clerkship, and satisfaction with teaching methods were compared. SPSS 26.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:After the clerkship, the theoretical knowledge and operational skills assessment scores of the research group were significantly higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the scores of the two groups in learning interest, analytical ability, communication skills, innovation ability and file management ability before the clerkship ( P>0.05). While, after the clerkship, the comprehensive ability scores of the above dimensions of the two groups increased, and the comprehensive ability scores of the study group were all higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). After the clerkship, the scores of professional ability, problem analysis and solving ability, mastery of diagnosis and treatment procedures, scoring of medical documents writing and total scoring of professional quality in the study group were all higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The satisfaction scores of the study group on the attractiveness, effectiveness and practicality of the teaching method were higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of MDT-L combined with PBL+CBL teaching in neurosurgery clinical clerkship can not only improve the performance of internship, but also enhance the comprehensive ability of interns and improve their professional quality and satisfaction.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1740-1743, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship between short term exposure of PM 2.5 and the vital capacity of children and adolescents and the modification effect of overweight and obesity, and to provide a scientific reference for appropriate outdoor activities and strengthening prevention of air pollution.@*Methods@#A total of 1 036 273 students who qualified in the annual health examination data of primary and secondary school students in a city from 2017 to 2018 were selected; the meteorological factors and air quality of the study area were obtained by inverse distance weighted interpolation method; the generalized linear mixed model was used to estimate the individual lag effect and average lag effect of PM 2.5 short term exposure on lung capacity with in 7 days, and to analyze the modification effect of overweight and obesity on the relationship between short term PM 2.5 exposure and vital capacity in children and adolescents.@*Results@#From September 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018, the average PM 2.5 concentration in this city was 66.36 μg/m 3, the detection rate of overweight and obesity was 33.38%, and the average lung capacity was (2 286.72±956.77)mL. The single lag effect of PM 2.5 on vital capacity was the biggest when lag6, the average daily PM 2.5 concentration increased by 10 μg/m 3 and the decrease of vital capacity of children and adolescents by 2.81(95% CI =2.60-3.03)mL. The average lag effect of PM 2.5 on lung capacity was the largest when lag07, the average concentration of PM 2.5 sliding was significantly correlated with the decrease of lung capacity of children and adolescents by 5.82(95% CI =5.37-6.27)mL every 10 μg/m 3 increase. The prevalence of PM 2.5 short term exposure to pulmonary capacity decreased in overweight and obese children and adolescents was higher ( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The short term exposure of PM 2.5 has a significant negative correlation with the lung capacity of children and adolescents, and there is a lag effect. The decrease of the vital capacity of overweight and obese children and adolescents after PM 2.5 short term exposure is more significant.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906280

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Objective:To study on the quality regionalization of <italic>Angelica sinensis</italic>,in order to guide the rational cultivation of <italic>A. sinensis</italic>. Method:Through visits and field surveys,a total of 857 batches of <italic>A. sinensis</italic> were collected from different counties of Dingxi,relevant geographic information such as longitude,latitude,altitude of each sampling point were obtained by using the global positioning system(GPS),the content of 8 indexes in <italic>A. sinensis </italic>was detected by UPLC, and based on national ecological environment factor data,the suitability analysis of the quality of <italic>A. sinensis</italic> was performed by using MaxEnt,ArcGIS,SPSS. Result:The suitable areas of <italic>A. sinens </italic>were concentrated in central and southern Dingxi. In the suitable areas,the content of ferulic acid,coniferyl ferulate,senkyunolide H decreased from south to north,the content of chlorogenic acid decreased from north to south,the content of senkyunolide A,senkyunolide I decreased from east to west,the distribution regularity of butenyl phthalide was not strong,the highest-content areas were in western Min county,Qingyuan town of Qingyuan county,Shangwan Township and Huichuan town. The content of ligustilide was consistent in the suitable area,and the highest content were in the middle of Weiyuan county and the northern Tongwei county. The results showed that it had a higher index components and comprehensive quality in Min county,Zhang county,southern Weiyuan county and northern Tongwei county. Conclusion:In this study,the quality suitability areas of <italic>A. sinensis</italic> in Dingxi were graded. The chemical components and the quality suitability zoning maps were generated. The findings could provide references for the comprehensive utilization of <italic>A. sinensis</italic>,the selection and construction of high-quality <italic>A. sinensis</italic> raw material base,and the scientific guidance for the production and regional development of <italic>A. sinensis</italic> in Dingxi.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905821

ABSTRACT

Objective:Phthalates (PAEs) are common environmental endocrine disruptors. In this study, the effects of oxidative stress on liver and nutrient metabolism were determined in male diabetic rats exposed to di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), and the mechanism of DEHP toxicity was explored. Methods:Thirty-two SPF male Wistar rats aged five weeks, weighing 150-170 g, were fed adaptively for one week to establish the model of type 2 diabetes. The model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (25 mg/kg) after feeding with high sugar and high fat diet for four weeks. Second STZ injection was given two days later. The model was considered to be established successfully when the random blood glucose level was found to be higher than 16.7 mmol/L in two separate tests. Twenty diabetic rats were then randomly divided into four groups, including control group (corn oil), 100, 300 and 900 mg/kg DEHP groups. The rats were treated with DEHP by gavage (5 mL/kg) once a day for 30 days. They were fed with normal diet during the treatment period. Caudal venous blood was collected on the 1st, 14th, and 28th days to measure the random blood glucose level. The changes of glucose tolerance were determined by oral glucose tolerance test on the 29th day. Fasting blood glucose (FPG) was measured on the next day of the last exposure. After the rats were anesthetized with pentobarbital and killed, the liver was weighed, the liver coefficient was calculated and the liver pathological section was made. Blood was taken from the abdominal aorta. The levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), triacylglycerol (TG) and albumin (ALB) in serum were measured by spectrophotometry, and the levels of insulin, glutathione (GSH), H2O2, malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in fasting serum were measured by radioimmunoassay. Results:There was no significant difference in body weight and random blood glucose in the type 2 diabetic rats exposed to different concentrations of DEHP (all P>0.05). At each time point of the glucose tolerance curve, the blood glucose value of the exposure groups was higher than that of the control group. A "false plateau period" appeared after the blood glucose value reached or exceeded the upper limit at 15 minutes, and the blood glucose level in each group was higher than that of the control group at 120 minutes. The liver organ coefficient of 300 and 900 mg/kg DEHP groups was higher than that of the control group (both P<0.01), and the liver organ coefficient was positively correlated with the exposure concentration of DEHP (r=0.80,P<0.000 1). Under the microscope, the liver cells in diabetic rats were swollen, the cytoplasm was light stained, and there were vacuoles in the cells. The serum ALP level in diabetic rats of 900 mg/kg DEHP group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.01). The serum ALP level was positively correlated with the concentration of DEHP (r=0.75, P<0.01). The serum MDA level in diabetic rats of 300 mg/kg and 900 mg/kg DEHP groups was significantly higher than that of the control group (both P<0.01), and the serum MDA level was positively correlated with the concentration of DEHP (r=0.84, P<0.000 1). The serum SOD level of 900 mg/kg DEHP group was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.01). Conclusion:DEHP exposure could lead to liver damage, abnormal glycolipid metabolism, and increase the level of oxidative stress and antioxidant level in male diabetic rats, but did not show a significant effect on insulin resistance.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905290

ABSTRACT

Patients with spinal cord injury are in high risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is an important indicator commonly used to detect CKD. This paper reviewed the pros and cons of existing endogenous and exogenous GFR measurement, and focused on the problems and challenges for the application of the estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with spinal cord injury. These research results indicated that the applicability of traditional eGFR to patients with spinal cord injury is still insufficient. It is necessary to modify eGFR in clinical research and application in spinal cord injury.

17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 787-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922158

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and clinical efficiency of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of small-volume BPH (SBPH) complicated by severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 82 cases of SBPH with severe LUTS treated by HoLEP from January 2017 to December 2018. The patients were aged (65.5 ± 7.6) years, with a mean prostate volume of <40 ml, a total IPSS of 24.8 ± 4.6, a QOL score of 5.2 ± 0.8, the maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) of (7.6 ± 3.7) ml/s, and a mean PSA level of (1.8 ± 1.4) μg/L.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, the mean operation time averaging (30.2 ± 5.0) min, enucleation time (26.7 ± 5.6) min and comminution time (3.5 ± 1.1) min, and the enucleated tissue weighing (20.3 ± 4.9) g. After surgery, the bladders were irrigated for (3.5 ± 1.9) h, with (3.0 ± 1.7) L of rinse solution, and catheterization lasted (24.8 ± 9.7) h. Histopathology revealed moderate or severe lymphocytic infiltration in 69 cases (84.1%). At 6 months after operation, significant improvement was observed in the IPSS, QOL, Qmax and PSA level compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). To date, no urethral stricture-related reoperation was ever necessitated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HoLEP is safe and effective for the treatment of SBPH complicated by severe LUTS and can be employed after adequate preoperative evaluation of the patient.《.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lasers, Solid-State , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Male , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912754

ABSTRACT

Hospital safety culture plays an important role in ensuring hospital service quality and safety. Based on the working practice of Changshu No.1 People′s Hospital and through the analysis of the current situation of hospital safety, the authors explored the construction of hospital safety culture from the aspects of organizational culture, system culture, atmosphere culture and improvement culture. It also discussed that in the process of safety culture construction, we should pay attention to stimulating employees′ innovation, enhancing effective communication, paying attention to the details of medical services, strengthening the implementation and effect test of the system, paying attention to humanistic care, and expanding the safety culture management mechanism to the grass-roots level.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and Chinese healthy eating index (CHEI), and to identify the beneficial or adverse effects of diets on MS in a community population of Shanghai. Methods:Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data of 4 856 subjects from a community in Shanghai was collected by interview. Total CHEI score and its component score were calculated based on the frequency of food consumption. Physical examination and blood biochemical tests were used to diagnose MS. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between MS or relative indexes and the total CHEI score or its component score. Results:The study showed the overall prevalence of MS was 24.71%. There were significant differences between MS group and controls (P<0.05) in age, BMI, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, high-density lipoprotein and energy intake. After adjusting for potential confounders, it showed that the higher total CHEI score, the lower risk of central obesity, increased diastolic blood pressure, increased glycated hemoglobin, hyperglycemic and MS (P<0.05). The increase in component score of potatoes, milk, beans, dark vegetables, fruits, oil and sodium reduced risk of obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and MS (P<0.05). Conclusion:The quality of healthy diet (CHEI score more than 80) and increased intake of specific dietary components (potatoes, milk, beans, dark vegetables, fruits) reduce the risk of MS effectively.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and computed tomography (CT)-based target volume delineation and dose coverage in partial breast irradiation (PBI) for patients with breast cancer, aiming to explore the application value of MRI localization in PBI after breast-conserving surgery.Methods:Twenty-nine patients with early breast cancer underwent simulating CT and MRI scans in a supine position. The cavity visualization score (CVS) of tumor bed (TB) was evaluated. The TB, clinical target volume (CTV), planning target volume (PTV) were delineated on CT and MRI images, and then statistically compared. Conformity indices (CI) between CT- and MRI-defined target volumes were calculated. PBI treatment plan of 40 Gy in 10 fractions was designed based on PTV-CT, and the dose coverage for PTV-MRI was evaluated.Results:The CVS on CT and MRI images was 2.97±1.40 vs. 3.10±1.40( P=0.408). The volumes of TB, CTV, PTV on MRI were significantly larger than those on CT, (24.48±16.60) cm 3vs. (38.00±19.77) cm 3, (126.76±56.81) cm 3vs. (168.42±70.54) cm 3, (216.63±81.99) cm 3vs. (279.24±101.55) cm 3, respectively, whereas the increasing percentage of CTV and PTV were significantly smaller than those of TB. The CI between CT-based and MRI-based TB, CTV, PTV were 0.43±0.13, 0.66±0.11, 0.70±0.09( P<0.001), respectively. The median percentage of PTV-MRI receiving 40 Gy dose was 81.9%(62.3% to 92.4%), significantly lower than 95.6%(95.0%~97.5%) of PTV-CT. Conclusions:The CVS between CT and MRI is not significantly different, but the MRI-based TB, CTV, PTV are significantly larger than CT-based values. The PTV-MRI is of underdose if PBI treatment plan is designed for PTV-CT. As a supplement of CT scan, MRI can enhance the accuracy of TB delineation after breast-onserving surgery.

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