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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of a novel sternoclavicular hook-plate for treatment of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of 13 cases of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint treated with sternoclavicular hook-plate from June 2011 to January 2019 in our department. There were 9 males and 4 females, aged 26 to 78 years old, with an average age of (54.08±13.91) years old. All the patients had closed injuries without damage of blood vessels and nerves. The patient's operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay time, and postoperative complications were recorded. Fracture healing and reduction were evaluated according to X-ray and CT after operation. Constant-Murley score and Rockwood sternoclavicular joint score were used to evaluate limb function at 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were treated with sternoclavicular hook-plate. The operation time ranged from 50 to 76 min, with a mean of (54.08±13.91) min. The intraoperative blood loss ranged from 20 to 56 ml, with a mean of (46.08±11.15) ml. The hospital stay time ranged from 6 to 14 d, with a mean of (8.31±2.32) d. X-ray and CT examination on the second day after operation showed that all fractures and dislocations were anatomically reduced, and shoulder joint function exercise was performed early. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 24 months, with a mean of (16.77±4.63) months. The healing time ranged from 9 to 13 d, with a mean of (11.00±1.75) d;and the bone healing time ranged from 3 to 4 months, with a mean of (3.65±0.46) months. There were no complications such as infection, internal fixation failure and nerve injury. At 12 months follow-up, the constant Murley score ranged from 78 to 100, with a mean of 87.83± 11.26; and Rockwood score ranged from 9 to 15, with a mean of 13.70±1.85. Among them, 11 cases were excellent, 1 case was good, and 1 case was general.@*CONCLUSION@#The use of the novel sternoclavicular hook-plate for treatment of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint is an effectively internal fixation with high safety, allowing early functional exercise for patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Clavicle , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Sternoclavicular Joint , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness and safety of middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction closing-opening wedge osteotomy for the treatment of stiff kyphosis.Methods:From January 2016 to April 2018, 12 patients with stiff kyphosis in our department were treated with middle-column preserved pedicle subtraction closing-opening wedge osteotomy. The patients' operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage, surgical complications, low back pain and leg pain visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) score, and SF-36 were recorded.These parameters were compared at preoperative, postoperative, and at the final follow-up. Coronal parameters included lumbar scoliosis Cobb angle, C 7 vertebral body center to humeral vertical line distance (C 7PL-CSVL), whilesagittal parameters includedlumbar Lordosis (LL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and sagittalvertical axis (SVA). Results:All of 12 patients successfully completed the operation.The mean operation time was 238.20±65.95 min, the mean intraoperative blood loss was 440.50±133.60 ml.The patients’ODI score was 65.92%±6.96% at the preoperative, and 21.00%±3.19% at the final follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( t=20.32, P<0.0001).The VAS score of back pain was 6.00±0.95 at preoperative, 2.33±0.89 at 3 months postoperatively, and 1.42±0.51 at the final follow-up. The VAS score of leg pain was 6.91±1.24 at preoperative, 2.50±1.00 at 3 months postoperatively, and1.50±0.52 at the final follow-up. There was significant difference in SF-36 at preoperative and at final follow-up ( P<0.05). The differences in LL, SS, PT and SVA at the preoperative and at final follow-up were statistically significant ( F=17.47, P<0.001; F=5.015, P=0.0125; F=14.66, P<0.001; F=81.11, P<0.001) . There was significant difference in lumbar scoliosis Cobb angle and C 7PL-CSVL at the preoperative and at final follow-up ( F=87.19, P<0.001; F=100.9, P<0.001) . Conclusion:The advantages of this surgical procedure includesimple operation, reducedsurgery time, and shorten intraoperative bleeding, which can effectively relief clinical symptoms, improve the quality of life, correctkyphosis, and maintain the patient's spinal-pelvic balance.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 503-510, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873781

ABSTRACT

Drug use during pregnancy is unavoidable. Therefore, it is vitally important for medical workers to help pregnant women take drugs correctly to reduce the incidence of spontaneous abortion, premature birth, and low birth weight. In our study, drug screening model with induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) was used to find some improper drugs which will result in woman's abortion. With 3D culture in vitro, iPSCs can form embryoid bodies (EBs) and cerebral organoids, which simulated in vitro development of early embryos, from inner cell mass to germ-layer differentiation. In the experiment, EBs were exposed to mifepristone (RU486), and three experimental groups were divided randomly. They were control group (without RU486), low-dose group (L-RU486, 10 μg·mL-1), and high-dose group (H-RU486, 20 μg·mL-1). After mifepristone exposure, EBs were observed at days 5, 8, and 11, including size of EB, cell apoptosis, and differentiation of germ layers, by using inverted optical microscope, TUNEL assay, and immunofluorescent staining. The results showed that through 3D culture, iPSCs could develop into embryoid bodies, neural rosettes, and finally cerebral organoids. After mifepristone exposure, EBs' sizes were decreased (P < 0.01); the levels of cell apoptosis in EBs were increased after mifepristone exposure (P < 0.01); the development of EBs' germ layer was affected. Mifepristone exposure could inhibit the proliferation of embryonic stem cells, reduce the differentiation of ectoderm (P < 0.01) and promote the development of mesoderm (P < 0.05). In conclusion, iPSCs can be used as a screening model for abortion drug, and EBs’ diameter, cell apoptosis, and differentiation changes of the germ layers can serve as criteria of abortion drug screening.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experience of robotic and thoracoscopic segmentectomy in Daping Hospital, Army Medical University, and comparison analysis the clinical application value for early-stage lung cancer.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to continuously enroll 190 patients, 100 who received robotic(33 males and 67 females, median age of 51 years)and 90 who received VATS(34 males and 56 females, median age of 54 years), who underwent segmentectomy between June 2018 and October 2019. Perioperative outcomes(the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative thoracic drainage volume and time, pain score, complications, postoperative hospital stay and survival and mortality) were compared.Results:All the patients successfully completed the surgery and recovered from hospital, with no perioperative death.The baseline characteristics(sex, age, clinical symptoms, smoking status, underlying disease, tumor size, pathological type) and type of segmentectomy were comparable. There was significant difference in operative time[120(interquartile range, IQR 60-225)min vs. 155( IQR 75-330)min, P<0.001], blood loss[30( IQR 20-400) ml vs. 100( IQR 20-1 600) ml, P<0.001] between the robotic and VATS groups, respectively. But there was no significant difference in postoperative thoracic drainagevolume[4( IQR 1-15) days vs. 4( IQR 2-29) days, P=0.547], postoperative thoracic time[755( IQR 200-3 980)ml vs. 815( IQR 280-3 920)ml, P=0.902], pain score[2.33( IQR 0.88-4.75) points vs. 3.13( IQR 0.95-5.29)points, P=0.199], complications[7.4%(14/190) vs. 6.3%(12/190), P=0.303], postoperative hospital stay[7( IQR 3-19) days vs. 6( IQR 4-21) days, P=0.405] , number of lymph nodes[(4.83±3.18) vs.(6.15±4.1), P=0.255] between the robotic and VATS groups, respectively. The follow-up time was 6.5( IQR 1-26) months in the two groups, without recurrence, metastasis or death. Conclusion:Robotic lung segmentectomy is safe and feasible. This approach might lead to a better in operative time and blood loss. The short-term efficacy is similar with thoracoscopy, and the long-term efficacy needs further follow-up time.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the feasibility of establishing gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique in rabbits.Methods:Ten healthy New Zealand rabbits were selected as models for gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique. Daughter and parent magnets suitable for gastrointestinal anastomosis in rabbits were designed and manufactured. A daughter magnet was inserted into the stomach through the purse fistula in the lack of blood vessel area of gastric body, and was pushed into the duodenum along the intestinal tract. And then a parent magnet was inserted through the stomach fistula. The daughter and parent magnets were automatically attracted and pressed the gastric and intestinal walls after they were adjusted in the proper position. The stomach fistula was closed with purse string suture. After ischemia, necrosis, detachment of the tissues between magnets, gastrointestinal anastomosis was established, and the magnets and necrotic tissues were expelled together from the body through the digestive tract. Survival of experimental animals was observed. Anastomotic specimens were obtained one month after operation. The blasting pressure of anastomotic stoma was measured, and the healing of anastomotic stoma was observed with naked eyes.Results:According to the pre-designed operative route, 10 New Zealand rabbits all successfully completed the operation and survived one month after surgery. No complications occurred during perioperative period. The operation time was 35.80±4.71 min (range 28.00-43.00 min), and the magnet discharge time was 11.40±1.56 days (range 9.00-14.00 days). Anastomotic specimens were obtained one month after the operation. Gross observation showed that the anastomotic stoma of gastrointestinal bypass anastomosis healed well, and the surrounding tissues adhered slightly. The anastomotic bursting pressure was 103.00±7.95 mmHg (range 94.00-113.00 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa).Conclusion:The establishment of gastrointestinal anastomosis by magnetic compression technique in rabbits is simple and effective.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design magnets to locate colorectal neoplasms based on magnetic tracer technology, and to test its feasibility and safety by animal experiments.Methods:The magnets used for endoscopic localization of colorectal tumors consist of a tracer magnet and a pursuit magnet, both of which are ring-shaped Nd-Fe-B magnets. Eight healthy Beagle dogs were used as animal models. Tumor locations were assumed in the different parts of the colon and rectum under colonoscopy. The tracer magnet was sent to the hypothetical tumors by endoscopic soft tissue clamp and fixed near the tumors. After 24 hours, laparoscopic surgery was performed under general anesthesia. The pursuit magnet was inserted near the resected colon or rectum through the main operating hole. The tracer magnet was absorbed to the pursuit magnet to identify the location of tumors.Results:The tracer magnet and pursuit magnet were successfully designed and processed. The suction force between the tracer magnet and the pursuit magnet at zero distance was 16 N. All the 8 Beagle dogs successfully received indwelling of magnets under colonoscopy, and no magnets fell off after 24 hours. After the placement of pursuit magnet under laparoscopy, the two magnets attracted each other rapidly and accurately, and successfully completed localization of tumor site without any damage during the operation.Conclusion:Colonoscopy combined with laparoscopy for colorectal neoplasms localization based on magnetic tracer technique is simple, accurate, safe and feasible.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870414

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the feasibility and safety of stomach tumor marker localization based on magnetic tracer technique in dogs.Methods Six male Beagle dogs were examined by gastroscopy.Then tracer magnets were sent to the "tumor" locations assumed in advance and fixed near the "tumors" by endoscopic soft tissue clamp.Laparoscopic gastric tumor localization was performed under general anesthesia 24 hours later.The tracer magnet was placed near the tumor on the surface of the stomach through the operating hole after the conventional establishment of laparoscope puncture parallel mirror to explore the tracer magnet.After the two magnets were attracted,the location of the tracer magnet seen under the laparoscope was the location of the gastric tumor,so as to complete the labeling and positioning of the lesion.Results All the 6 Beagle dogs were successfully implanted with tracer magnets under gastroscopy.Twenty-four hours after the gastroscopy,the pursuit magnet was successfully implanted during laparoscopic surgery.The two magnets automatically attracted each other and formed a sandwich structure of "tracer magnet-gastric wall-pursuit magnet ",which completed the location and identification of gastric tumor under the laparoscopy.Conclusion Gastroscopy combined with laparoscopy based on magnetic tracer technique is simple,accurate,safe and feasible.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872808

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the distribution status of medicinal plants in the wild areas of Russian Caucasus and Altai, and clarify the types and efficacy information of medicinal plants in the area, so as to dig deep into new resources and new functions of medicinal plants in the countries along the Belt and Road. Method::Medicinal plants in the wild were searched and collected to make waxy specimens, and sent back to the country to extract the total DNA of the leaves of the leaves. Internal Transcribed Spacer(ITS)sequence universal primers were used for Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)amplification. The PCR products were sent for the two-way sequencing, and the sequencing results are spliced by software according to National Center for Biotechnology Information(NCBI). The same ITS sequence of the highest similarity species obtained by database BLAST was analyzed by DNAman software to identify the ITS sequence of the species and the ITS sequence of the same species. The MEGA 7 software was used as the phylogenetic tree, and the Kimura-2 parameter genetic distance was used to construct the neighbor joining(NJ) phylogenetic tree by the neighbor-joining method. The confidence of each branch of the development tree was tested by the bootstrap test method. A total of 2 000 cycles were performed, and the results were identified based on the clustering results. On this basis, the key medicinal plants in the Russian Caucasus and Altay wild areas were summarized and analyzed. Result::After BLAST alignment in NCBI database, the ITS sequences of each specimen were clustered with the login sequences on the NCBI database, which were separated from the outer group. The species classification of the specimens to be identified was determined by combining the characteristics of the specimens. A total of 51 plants were identified from the specimens collected in the field, covering 44 genera of 17 families, and 29 plants had clear efficacy records. The National Drug List of the Russian Federation and the Chinese Pharmacopoeia were retrieved to summarize commonly used medicinal plants in China and conclude that 20 kinds of Chinese and Russian common medicinal materials have different medicinal effects in local areas. This study has a reference significance for expanding the scope and clinical experience of traditional Chinese medicines, and provides a basis for strengthened local species conservation, development and utilization of wild medicinal plant resources.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829264

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the clinical value of three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) in robotic lung segmentectomy. Methods    A non-randomized control study was performed and continuously enrolled 122 patients who underwent robotic lung segmentectomy in our hospital from January 2019 to January 2020. 3D-CTBA was performed before operations in 53 patients [a 3D-CTBA group, including 18 males, 35 females, with a median age of 52 (26-69) years] and not performed in the other 69 patients [a traditional group, including 23 males, 46 females, with a median age of 48 (30-76) years]. The clinical data of the patients were compared between the two groups. Results    All the patients were successfully completed the surgery and recovered from hospital, with no perioperative death. The baseline characteristics of the patients were not significantly different between the two groups (P>0.05). No significant difference was found in the operative time [120 (70-185) min vs. 120 (45-225) min, P=0.801], blood loss [50 (20-300) mL vs. 30 (20-400) mL, P=0.778], complications rate (17.0% vs. 11.6%, P=0.162), postoperative hospital stay [7 (4-19) d vs. 7 (3-20) d, P=0.388] between the two groups. In the 3D-CTBA group, 5 (9.4%) patients did not find nodules after segmentectomy, and only 1 (1.9%) of them needed lobectomy, but in the traditional group, 8 (11.6%) patients did not find nodules and had to carry out lobectomy, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The follow-up time was 10 (1-26) months, and during this period, there was no recurrence, metastasis or death in the two groups. Conclusion    3D-CTBA is helpful for accurate localization of nodules and reasonable surgical planning before operations, and reducing wrong resections in segmentectomy, without increasing the operation time, blood loss and complications. It is safe and effective in anatomical lung segmentectomy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829217

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the feasibility and clinical value of robot-assisted lobectomy through anterior approach. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 180 patients who underwent robot-assisted lobectomy through anterior approach in our hospital between April 2017 and February 2018. There were 97 males and 83 females, aged 59.5 (32.0-83.0) years. The clinical effects were analyzed. Results    One patient was transferred to thoracotomy due to tumor invasion of adjacent blood vessels and injury to the blood vessels, and there was no perioperative death. There were 8.5 (1.0-35.0) dissected lymph nodes for each patient. The median operation time was 120 (50-360) min, including robot Docking time 5 (1-23) min and robot operation time 65 (7-270) min. The median blood loss was 50 (5-1 500) mL, 132 (73.3%) patients had malignant tumors and median drainage time was 5 (2-30) d. The mean postoperative pain score was 3.4±0.7 points and the postoperative hospital time was 8 (2-32) d. At the median follow-up of 24 months, 11 patients developed recurrence and metastasis, and 3 died. Conclusion    Robot-assisted lobectomy through anterior approach is a safe and convenient operation method, which is worthy of clinical application.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746164

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance regarding monitoring circulating tumor cells in early stage lung adenocarcinoma.Methods From November 2015 to January 2018,48 patients with stage Ⅰ lung adenocarcinoma were included in the study.BCAR1 expression in CTCs in peripheral blood were detected by using CanPatrolTM and RNA in situ hybridization detection.Results Among the 48 cases,CTCs and BCAR1 (+)-CTCs were detected in 41 cases(85.4%) and 30 cases(62.5%),respectively.Number of BCAR1 (+)-CTCs seemed to be significantly positively related to that of CTCs.BCAR1 (+)-CTCs were more likely to appear in the M-CTCS and E&M-CTCS.BCAR1 (+)-CTCs remarkably increased in three relapsed cases.Furthermore,there were 19 stable cases who had postoperative CTCs data:(1) in 12 patients,either CTCs or BCAR1 (+)-CTCs were significantly reduced or remained stable;(2) in 7 cases,CTCs increased,but BCAR1 (+)-CTCs remained stable in 2 cases,reduced in 1 case,and the other 4 cases underwent close follow-up.Conclusion Evaluation of BCAR1 (+)-CTCs possibly can be contributive to prediction of early lung adenocarcinoma recurrence or metastasis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744339

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of one patient with sepsis-induced myopathy (SIM) who was successfully treated were reviewed retrospectively, analysis was conducted combined with the relevant literatures. Patient was a middle-aged woman without underlying disease, she was admitted to hospital because of fever, cough, chest tightness and shortness of breath, during the treatment period, type II respiratory failure occurred repeatedly, and it was difficult in withdrawing respirator, patient was finally diagnosed with SIM. After anti-infective treatment and rehabilitation training, she was successfully withdrawn respirator, muscle strength was recovered. This case suggests that SIM can be completely cured through early identification, neuromuscular nutrition therapy, graded rehabilitation training and lung rehabilitation therapy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 85-91, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734896

ABSTRACT

Objective To firstly report the clinical features,diagnosis and treatment response of patients with anti-γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR) encephalitis in China,thus raising neurologists' awareness of this emerging type of autoimmune encephalitis.Methods Specific anti-GABAAR autoantibodies in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with suspected autoimmune encephalitis but negative for commercial available antibody tests were detected by live cell-based assay (CBA).The clinical features,laboratory examinations and treatment of two cases of autoimmune encephalitis with anti-GABAAR autoantibodies were analyzed,who admitted to Huashan Hospital,Fudan University between 2013 and 2014.Results By using live CBA,serum and CSF of the two patients diagnosed with possible autoimmune encephalitis both contained autoantibodies targeted to the GABAAR.These two patients had onset symptom of seizure or refractory seizures.Memory impairment,psychiatric symptoms and decreased consciousness were also presented.One patient was combined with mass in anterior superior mediastinum.Both patients had multifocal cortical and subcortical T2 /fluid attenuated inversion recovery-weighted images hyperintensity signal on brain magnetic resonance imaging.The two patients had poor response to antiepileptic drugs,but showed noticeable recovery with sufficient immunotherapeutic treatments.Conclusions Anti-GABAAR encephalitis is characterized by prominent epilepsy and multifocal abnormalities on brain magnetic resonance imaging.Autoantibodies specifically against GABAAR could be detected by CBA in this group of patients.Early diagnosis and immunotherapy are critical to improve clinical symptoms and outcomes of the disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Explore the clinical benefit factors of progression-free survival(PFS) in sensitive epithelial growth factor receptor(EGFR) gene mutated advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with first-generation of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor(TKI).METHODS: The clinical data of 166 patients who received first-line treatment with first-generation EGFR-TKI were retrospectively collected in 2016-2017 from Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. The patients were divided into three groups: PFS≤3 m,3 m

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776008

ABSTRACT

To explore the correlation between hematoma expansion within 24 hours of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage and signs on nonenhanced computed tomography(NECT). Methods The clinical data and CT images of 185 patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were retrospectively analyzed.The differences in CT parameters were compared between the expansion group and the unexpanded group.Binary logistic regression analysis was performed on the indicators with statistical significance between the two groups to identify the potential correlation between CT parameters and hematoma expansion.The roles of blend sign,lobulation sign,and black hole sign in predicting early hematoma expansion were assessed. Results The CT quantitative data including initial volume,maximum diameter,minimum diameter,maximum CT value,mean CT value,difference between maximum diameter and minimum diameter showed no significant difference between these two group(all >0.05).CT qualitative data including blend sign,lobulation sign,and black hole sign were significantly different(<0.05)but the differences became not significant after the hematoma broke into the ventricles.Binary logistic regression analysis showed that blend sign,lobulation sign,and black hole sign were independent risk factors for early hematoma expansion,with sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value of the combined signs and the early hematoma expansion calculated by the four-fold table method being 78.4%,59.0%,42.1%,and 87.8%,respectively,and the Youden index was 0.374.Its Youden index was closer to 1 than the blend sign,the black hole sign,and the lobulation sign. Conclusion The blend sign,lobulation sign,and black hole sign in NECT can be used to predict hematoma expansion within 24 hours after hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage , Diagnostic Imaging , Hematoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive , Diagnostic Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772337

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) has become the latest minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic technique due to its characteristics, e.g., non-invasion, accuracy, real-time positioning. In this study, we investigated the application of ENB biopsy combined with Massage staining in the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 PPL patients undergoing ENB biopsy plus Massage staining between August 2017 and January 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, there were 12 male and 3 female, and the mean age was (51.3±2.1) years old.@*RESULTS@#The diameter of PPLs ranged from 6 mm to 36 mm (mean: 14.0 mm). The successful biopsy rate was 66.7%. All patients successfully underwent Massage staining. The distance between the centers of staining and lesion was (1.0±0.4) cm, and the diameter of staining was (2.8±0.6) cm. The mean operation time was (26.7±5.3 ) min, and the mean blood loss during surgery was (3.3±1.5) mL. There was no pneumothorax, hemothorax and pulmonary vascular injury during the procedure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ENB biopsy plus Massage staining technique caused very few complications, and provided high precision, which warrants further application.


Subject(s)
Bronchoscopy , Methods , Electromagnetic Fields , Female , Humans , Lung Diseases , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Staining and Labeling , Methods
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687914

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To differentiate patients with esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions from the high-risk population for preliminary screening of esophageal cancer using a feature index determined by a computer-aided tongue information acquisition and processing system (DS01-B).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally, 213 patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions and 2,840 normal subjects were collected including primarily screened and reexamined, all of them were confirmed with histological examinations. Their tongue color space values and manifestation features were extracted by DS01-B and analyzed. Firstly, the analysis of variance was performed to differentiate normal subjects from patients with esophageal cancer and premalignant lesions. Secondly, the logistic regression was conducted using 10 features and gender, age to get a predictive equation of the possibility of esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions. Lastly, the equation was tested by subjects undergoing primary screening.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Saturation (S) values in the HSV color space showed significant differences between patients with esophageal cancer and normal subjects or those with mild atypical hyperplasia (P<0.05); blue-to-yellow (b) values in the Lab color space showed significant differences between patients with esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions and normal subjects (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the computer-aided tongue inspection approach had an accuracy of 72.3% (2008/2776) in identifying patients with esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions for preliminary screening in high-risk population.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Computer-aided tongue inspection, with descriptive and quantitative profile as described in this study, could be applied as a cost- and timeefficient, non-invasive approach for preliminary screening of esophageal cancer in high-risk population.</p>

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707032

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and discuss the content determination of As and Hg from Lilium Lancifolium in Longshan County; To optimize microwave digestion conditions. Methods Automatic microwave digestion appratus was used. Lilium Lancifolium samples from Longshan County were digested in teflon microwave tube with HNO3-H2O2, and As and Hg were measured with atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS). Results The content of As was in the range of 0.031–0.507 mg/kg, and the highest content of Hg was 0.024 mg/kg. The regression equation was Y=221.23X+170.72(r=0.995 9),Y=503.52X-682.43,(r=0.999 2).For the production base,the recoveries of As and Hg were 94.32% and 92.48% in the samples, and RSD were 2.14% and 2.70%; for the breeding base, the recoveries of As and Hg were 94.95% and 93.52% in the samples, and RSD were 1.15% and 1.97%. Conclusion The method is simple and reliable, which can be used to the content determination of As and Hg from Lilium Lancifolium, and provide references for the choice of base of production and breeding of Lilium Lancifolium in Longshan County.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703337

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism underlying pruritus by comparing the epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor(EGFRI)-erlotinib mouse model with the substance P(SP)-induced pruritus mouse model. Methods Two randomized groups of mice were treated with erlotinib or SP to induce pruritus. Behavioral and skin manifestations were observed. Pathological images and neurokinin 1 receptor(NK-1R)expression of the skin were determined. Concentration of interleukin(IL)-31, IL-33, histamine, leukotriene B4, and SP was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Nitric oxide was analyzed by colorimetry. Results Transient pruritus induced by erlotinib appeared 2 to 5 days after treatment. In contrast, continuous pruritus was observed during the first hour, but was then gradually relieved. These two shared similar scratching behavior. Concentration of neurotransmitters showed similar trends in changes among the erlotinib group and SP group. Immunohistochemical expression was also consistent between the erlotinib group and SP group. Conclusions Erlotinib-associated pruritus is related to release of signaling factors through the SP/NK-1R signaling pathway.

20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 316-324, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348268

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a highly evolutionarily conserved physiological mechanism of organism, including several stages such as autophagosomes formation, the fusion of lysosomes and autophagosomes, and autophagosomes degradation. In physiological conditions, autophagy is responsible for clearing the spoiled organelles and long-lived proteins to maintain the homeostasis of cells and organism. Meanwhile, autophagy is also involved in the formation and development of diseases, but the mechanism has not been confirmed yet. The relationship between autophagy and hypoxic ischemic brain injuries represented by stroke is a research hotpot in recent years, but there is no clear conclusion about autophagy's role and mechanism in hypoxic ischemic brain injuries. We reviewed the activation, function and mechanism of autophagy in hypoxic ischemic brain injuries, in order to provide some perspectives on these researches.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Homeostasis , Humans , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Lysosomes
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