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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 430-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985664

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the expression profile of circular RNA (circRNA) in placenta of pre-eclampsia (PE) pregnant women by high-throughput sequencing, and to construct the circRNA-microRNA (miRNA)-messenger RNA (mRNA) interaction network, so as to reveal the related pathways and regulatory mechanisms of PE. Methods: The clinical data and placentas of 42 women with PE (PE group) and 30 normal pregnant women (control group) who delivered in West China Second University Hospital from November 2019 to June 2021 were collected. (1) High-throughput sequencing was used to establish the differentially expressed circRNA profiles in placental tissues of 5 pairs of PE group and the control group. (2) Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression levels of 6 differentially expressed circRNAs in placental tissues of PE group and control group. (3) Bioinformatics analysis was used to predict the target miRNA and analyze the co-expressed mRNA to construct a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. The differentially expressed circRNAs were analyzed by Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathways. (4) Logistic regression analysis, Pearson correlation and Kendall's tau-b correlation analysis were used to test the correlation between the three differentially expressed circRNAs and the risk of PE and clinical characteristics. (5) circRNA_05393 was selected for subsequent functional study. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and overexpression plasmid were used to knock down or increase the expression level of circRNA_05393 in trophoblast cell line HTR-8/SVneo cells, respectively. Transwell assay was used to detect the migration and invasion ability of the trophoblasts in vitro. Cell counting kit-8 assay was used to detect the proliferation ability of the trophoblasts. Results: (1) Seventy-two differentially expressed circRNAs were identified by high-throughput sequencing, of which 35 were up-regulated and 37 were down-regulated. (2) qRT-PCR showed that compared with the control group, circRNA_00673 (1.306±0.168 vs 2.059±0.242; t=2.356, P=0.021) and circRNA_07796 (1.275±0.232 vs 1.954±0.230; t=2.018, P=0.047) were significantly increased, while circRNA_05393 (1.846±0.377 vs 0.790±0.094; t=3.138, P=0.002) was significantly decreased. (3) The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network contained 3 circRNAs, 8 miRNAs and 53 mRNAs. GO functional annotation analysis showed that the biological process was mainly enriched in iron ion homeostasis, membrane depolarization during action potential and neuronal action potential. In terms of cellular components, they were mainly enriched in cytoskeleton and membrane components. In terms of molecular function, they were mainly enriched in the activity of voltage-gated sodium channel and basic amino acid transmembrane transporter. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that mRNAs in the interaction network were mainly enriched in complement and coagulation cascade, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, p53 signaling pathway and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors (PPAR) signaling pathway. (4) Logistic regression analysis showed that down-regulation of circRNA_05393 expression was a risk factor for PE (OR=0.044, 95%CI: 0.003-0.596; P=0.019). Correlation analysis showed that circRNA_05393 was significantly correlated with systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in PE pregnant women (both P<0.05). (5) Knock down or overexpression of circRNA_05393 significantly reduced or increased the migration and invasion abilities of HTR-8/SVneo cells (all P<0.05), but had no significant effect on the ability of tube formation and proliferation (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The construction of circRNA expression profile in placenta and the exploration of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network provide the possibility to reveal the regulatory mechanism of specific circRNA involved in PE. Inhibition of circRNA_05393 may induce the progression of PE by reducing the migration and invasion of trophoblasts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Circular/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , RNA/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Gene Expression Profiling
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 912-919, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanisms of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) combined with melatonin (MT) against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and to evaluate the value of multimodal MRI.Methods:From December 2021 to December 2022, fifty SPF-grade male SD rats were selected and divided into sham surgery group ( n=10), middle cerebral artery occlusion model group ( n=10), melatonin (MT) group ( n=10), remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) group ( n=10) and MT+RIPC group ( n=10). Neurological function scoring and multimodal MRI examinations, including T 2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and arterial spin labeling (ASL) imaging, were performed on rats after surgery. After the scans, the rats were euthanized. The brain tissues of 3 rats in each group were randomly selected for HE staining and immunohistochemical staining to observe the pathological morphology of brain tissues and to validate the expression of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). The remaining 6 rats were used for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in brain infarction tissues. ANOVA test or Kruskal-Wallis H test was performed to compare the differences between groups. Results:There were statistically significant differences in neurological function scores and brain infarct volumes among the five groups ( P<0.001). Compared with the sham surgery group, the rats′ neurological function scores and brain infarct volumes were increased in the model group, RIPC group, MT group, and MT+RIPC group ( P<0.05); While compared with the model group, the rats′ neurological function scores and brain infarct volumes were decreased in the RIPC group, MT group, and MT+RIPC group ( P<0.05). MRI showed that abnormal signals were observed on the lesion hemisphere on the right side in rats of the four groups except for the sham surgery group. The lesions showed high signal on T 2 FLAIR and DWI, low signal on apparent diffusion coefficient map, and low perfusion on cerebral blood flow map. Pathological examination showed neuronal nuclear shrinkage in the necrotic area of the brain tissue in the model group, with surrounding neurons exhibiting edema and degeneration. In the RIPC and MT groups, edema and degeneration of neural cells around the infarction area were reduced, while the MT+RIPC group showed primarily neuronal edema with overall structural preservation. The range of Nrf2 and HO-1 protein positivity was significantly increased in the MT+RIPC group compared with the model group. The overall differences in IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 levels of 5 groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05), in which IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the model group, RIPC group, MT group, and MT+RIPC group increased compared with the sham-operated group ( P<0.05), and IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels decreased in the RIPC group, MT group, and MT+RIPC group compared with the model group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:RIPC+MT exerts antioxidant effects through Nrf2/HO-1 pathway and also exhibits anti-inflammatory properties by reducing levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, thereby alleviating brain edema and neuronal damage, reducing infarct volume and improving neurological deficits in rats with cerebral artery occlusion. The multimodal MRI evaluation demonstrates the value of RIPC+MT in protecting against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 364-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992968

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of artificial intelligence (AI) system based on deep learning in evaluating bone age of children with abnormal growth and development.Methods:The positive X-ray films of the left wrist of children with abnormal growth and development who were treated at the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021 were collected retrospectively. A total of 717 children were collected, including 266 males and 451 females, aged 2-18 (11±3) years. Based on Tanner Whitehouse 3 (TW 3)-RUS (radius, ulna, short bone) and TW3-Carpal (carpal bone) method, bone age was measured by 3 senior radiologists, and the mean value was taken as reference standard. The bone ages were independently evaluated by the AI system (Dr.Wise bone age prediction software) and two junior radiologists (physicians 1 and 2). The accuracy within 0.5 year, the accuracy within 1 year, the mean absolute error (MAE) and the root mean square error (RMSE) between the evaluation results and the reference standard were analyzed. Paired sample t-test was used to compare MAE between AI system and junior physicians. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the consistency between AI system, junior physician and reference standard. The Bland-Altman diagram was drawn and the 95% consistency limit was calculated between AI system and reference standard. Results:For TW3-RUS bone age, compared with the reference standard, the accuracy within 0.5 year of AI system, physician 1 and physician 2 was 75.3% (540/717), 62.1% (445/717) and 66.2% (475/717), respectively. The accuracy within 1 year was 96.9% (695/717), 86.3% (619/717) and 89.1% (639/717), respectively. MAE was 0.360, 0.565 and 0.496 years, and RMSE was 0.469, 0.634 and 0.572 years, respectively. For TW3-Carpal bone age, compared with the reference standard, the accuracy within 0.5 year of AI system, physician 1 and physician 2 was 80.9% (580/717), 65.1% (467/717) and 71.7% (514/717), respectively. The accuracy within 1 year was 96.0% (688/717), 87.3% (626/717) and 90.4% (648/717), respectively. MAE was 0.330, 0.527 and 0.455 years, and RMSE was 0.458, 0.612, 0.538 years, respectively. Based on TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal bone age, the MAE of AI system were lower than those of physician 1 and physician 2, and the differences were statistically significant ( P all<0.001). The evaluation results of AI, physician 1 and physician 2 were in good agreement with the reference standard (ICC all>0.950). The Bland-Altman analysis showed that the 95% agreement limits of AI system for assessing TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal bone age were -0.75-1.02 years and-0.86-0.91 years, respectively. Conclusion:The accuracy of AI system in evaluating the bone age of children with abnormal growth and development is close to that of senior doctors, better than that of junior doctors, and in good agreement with senior doctors.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 683-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the Chinese version of rheumatoid arthritis stigma scale (ISMI-RA) and test its reliability and validity.Methods:The English version of ISMI-RA was translated into Chinese, translated back and culturally adapted in strictly accordance with the Brislin translation model. A total of 20 patients were selected for preliminary investigation and some items were revised to create the Chinese version of ISMI-RA. From April 2020 to April 2021, 258 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were investigated by convenience sampling method, Pearson correlation intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) coefficient and Cronbach's α coefficient were used to evaluate the test-retest reliability and internal consistency of the scale. The stigma scale for chronic illness-8 was used as the standard, and the correlation coefficient was calculated to verify the criterion validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the construct validity of the scale.Results:The internal consistency Cronbach's α coefficient was 0.86, the Cronbach's α coefficient of each dimension was 0.34-0.93, and Pearson correlation analysis of retest reliability showed that it was 0.94. The Cronbach's α coefficient of stigma resistance subscale was as low as 0.34, and the Cronbach's α coefficient of stigma resistance subscale was 0.90 after removal. The retest reliability was 0.98. The criterion coefficient between this scale and the stigma scale for chronic illness-8 was 0.73 ( P<0.001), and the criterion coefficient of the subscales were 0.52-0.71. The theoretical factor structure of ISMI-RA that is composed of five factors showed suboptimal model fitting [root-mean-square error of approximation ( RMSEA)=0.10, Tucker-Lewis index ( TLI)=0.88, comparative fit index (CFI)=0.89)], and the model fitting effect was better after removing the dimension of resistance to stigma and three items ( RMSEA=0.09, CFI=0.94, TLI=0.93). Conclusion:The Chinese version of ISMI-RA has good reliability and validity, and can be used as an evaluation tool to measure the level of stigma in rheumatoid arthritis patients, and to provide a basis for clinical development of intervention programs to facilitating the rehabilitation process.

5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 32-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the incidence and treatment of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in Hubei Province. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 7 474 patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in 62 hospitals in 15 cities (state) of Hubei Province in 2019 were collected in the form of network database. There were 4 749 males and 2 725 females. The median age of the patients was 62 years (range: 17 to 96 years). The hemoglobin value of the first time in hospital and the first day after operation was used as the criterion of preoperative anemia and postoperative anemia. Anemia was defined as male hemoglobin <120 g/L and female hemoglobin <110.0 g/L, mild anemia as 90 to normal, moderate anemia as 60 to <90 g/L, severe anemia as <60 g/L. The t test and χ2 test were used for inter-group comparison. Results: The overall incidence of preoperative anemia was 38.60%(2 885/7 474), and the incidences of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 25.09%(1 875/7 474), 11.37%(850/7 474) and 2.14%(160/7 474), respectively. The overall incidence of postoperative anemia was 61.40%(4 589/7 474). The incidence of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 48.73%(3 642/7 474), 12.20%(912/7 474) and 0.47%(35/7 474), respectively. The proportion of preoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 26.86% (775/2 885), and the proportion of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 14.93% (685/4 589). The proportions of preoperative anemia patients in grade ⅢA, grade ⅢB, and grade ⅡA hospitals receiving treatment were 26.12% (649/2 485), 32.32% (85/263), and 29.93% (41/137), and the proportions of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment were 14.61% (592/4 052), 22.05% (73/331), and 9.71% (20/206). The proportion of intraoperative blood transfusion (16.74% (483/2 885) vs. 3.05% (140/4 589), χ²=434.555, P<0.01) and the incidence of postoperative complications (17.78% (513/2 885) vs. 14.08% (646/4 589), χ²=18.553, P<0.01) in the preoperative anemia group were higher than those in the non-anemia group, and the postoperative hospital stay in the preoperative anemia group was longer than that in the non-anemia group ((14.1±7.3) days vs. (13.3±6.2) days, t=5.202, P<0.01). Conclusions: The incidence of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms is high. Preoperative anemia can increase the demand for intraoperative blood transfusion and affect the short-term prognosis of patients. At present, the concept of standardized treatment of perioperative anemia among gastrointestinal surgeons in Hubei Province needs to be improved.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia/epidemiology , Blood Transfusion , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 296-298, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933216

ABSTRACT

A female patient who was admitted to the hospital on March 4, 2020 due to the right kidney mass for 4 days by physical examination. Ultrasound examination revealed a single space-occupying lesion in the right kidney, and further examination of the abdominal enhanced CT and three-dimensional reconstruction showed two lesions in the right kidney. The retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was carried out. The pathological diagnosis were renal leiomyoma and renal eosinophiloma, respectively. After 1 year follow-up, no recurrence or metastasis was found.

7.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 175-179, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932961

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic efficiency of the 2020 Chinese Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (C-TIRADS) and the 2017 American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR-TIRADS) in the diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the two-dimensional ultrasound image results of 324 thyroid nodules in 289 patients with thyroid nodules and thyroid nodules were performed in the physical examination of the Health Management Department of the Guangdong Second Provincial General Hospital from January 2018 to January 2019. A superficial professional doctor with a senior professional title simultaneously uses the C-TIRADS and ACR-TIRADS methods to evaluate the above nodules. The results are all pathologically referenced for the χ2 test and the receiver operating characteristic curve is drawn. Results:The sensitivity of C-TIRADS in diagnosing benign and malignant thyroid nodules was 81.90%, specificity was 97.72%, accuracy was 92.59%, negative predictive value was 91.85%, positive predictive value was 84.51%; ACR-TIRADS diagnosis The sensitivity of benign and malignant thyroid nodules was 59.05%, specificity was 99.54%, accuracy was 86.42%, negative predictive value was 83.52%, and positive predictive value was 98.41%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.958 and 0.935( Z=2.31 P=0.021). Conclusion:C-TIRADS classification based on counting method is better than ACR-TIRADS classification based on sub-method in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. It has better efficacy and is more suitable for the current status of diagnosis and treatment of thyroid nodules in China.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 545-549, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931445

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effects of standardized patient (SP) and breast visual palpation simulation system on clinical probation of breast surgery for medical students.Methods:A total of 110 students were randomly divided into experimental group and control group, and each group was further divided into 5 subgroups. In the experimental group, SP scripts of five common diseases in breast surgery department were designed according to the syllabus before probation, and the teachers were trained. During the probation, we first talked about the characteristics of disease diagnosis and treatment, and then the five subgroups collected the history of the disease according to the SP of different diseases mentioned above, and checked the corresponding lesions on the breast visual palpation simulation system. In the physical examination, SP responded to the students' questions. The control group also talked about the above-mentioned five diseases during the probation, and then the five subgroups carried out history collection and physical examination for specific patients in the hospital. Finally, the teaching effects were analyzed through medical record writing, theoretical examination, physical examination and student evaluation. SPSS 26.0 was used for chi-square test (or Fisher exact test) and Mann-Whitney U test. Results:There was no significant difference in the theoretical examination between the two groups. It was demonstrated that the correct rate of experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group in medical history collection, especially in the main symptoms, incentives, aggravation and remission factors, accompanying and differential symptoms and so on. And the positive results of breast, nipple and axillary lymph node palpation in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group through the physical examination operation of breast visual palpation simulation system. The analysis of students' evaluation showed that the teaching efficiency of the experimental group increased, and the students' satisfaction was improved (satisfaction rate: 92.73% vs. 76.36%).Conclusion:The application of SP and breast visual palpation simulation system in breast surgery probation teaching can not only protect the privacy of clinical patients, but also improve the teaching effects, which can be popularized in the clinical teaching of breast surgery.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2406-2410, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design an oral methotrexate auxiliary device and explore the effect of methotrexate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.Methods:Totally 30 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were selected and observed continuously for 12 months, from January to June in 2021, in the Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People ′s Hospital of Naijing Medical University. The subjects took the medicine routinely in the first 6 months after entering the group, and the methotrexate oral drug assistant device was given in the latter 6 months to remind them to take the medicine correctly. Medication administration of patients before and after using the auxiliary device was compared, and the evaluation indexes such as disease activity, medication compliance and anxiety were observed. Results:Without the auxiliary device, there were 14 cases (46.67%) of medication error, 13 cases (43.33%) of medication time error, 9 cases (30.00%) of missed administration, while after the use of the auxiliary device, there were 4 cases (13.33%) of medication error, 2 cases (6.67%) of medication time error and 2 cases (6.67%) of missed administration, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=8.10, 9.09, 5.14, all P<0.05). Moreover, before using the auxiliary device, the scores of disease activity and medication compliance were 3.92 ± 0.95, 84.97 ± 6.49, respectively, while with the help of the auxiliary device, those scores changed to 3.29 ± 0.83, 92.40 ± 4.17 respectively. All the differences were statistically significant ( t=10.06, -10.37, both P<0.01). 16 cases (53.33%) were anxious after using the assistive device, which was also better than 26 cases (86.67%) before using the device. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=8.10, P<0.01) . Conclusions:Oral administration aid for methotrexate can help rheumatoid arthritis patients to take methotrexate correctly and safely, reducing disease activity and anxiety, improving drug compliance. It is worthy to clinical promotion.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 98-108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940557

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish blood stasis models in zebrafish using three inducers and select the optimal model for evaluating the activity of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in promoting blood circulation. MethodArachidonic acid (AA), ponatinib, and isoprenaline (ISO) were used to induce blood stasis models in zebrafish. A normal group, a model group, a positive drug group, and Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma water extract freeze-dried powder groups at different concentrations were set up. The staining intensity of cardiac erythrocytes and the fluorescence intensity of cardiac apoptotic cells were calculated, the anti-thrombotic effect and anti-myocardial hypoxia activity of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were evaluated. The activities of water extract and 70% methanol extract of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were compared based on the preferred AA- and ISO-induced blood stasis models in zebrafish and the difference in the chemical composition was analyzed by UHPLC LTQ-Orbitrap MS/MS. ResultAfter induction by AA and ponatinib, the staining intensity of cardiac erythrocytes was reduced (P<0.01), and the fluorescence intensity of cardiac apoptotic cells increased after the induction by ISO (P<0.01). The freeze-dried powder of the water extract of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma could antagonize the thrombosis in the AA-induced model (P<0.01) and the myocardial apoptosis in the ISO-induced model (P<0.05), while no significant improvement in the thrombosis was observed in the ponatinib-induced model. The freeze-dried powder of 70% methanol extract of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma could inhibit myocardial apoptosis in the ISO-induced blood stasis model (P<0.01), and the effect was stronger than that of the freeze-dried powder of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma water extract. The difference in chemical composition lay in some saponins (such as ginsenoside Re), amino acids, and acetylenic alcohols. ConclusionAA, ponatinib, and ISO all can serve as inducers for the blood stasis model in zebrafish. AA- and ISO-induced models can be used to evaluate the activity of freeze-dried powder of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma water extract in promoting blood circulation. The chemical compositions of the freeze-dried powders of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma extracted with water and 70% methanol are quite different. For the ISO-induced blood stasis model, the freeze-dried powder of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma extracted with 70% methanol has a stronger ability against myocardial hypoxia. Saponins and acetylenic alcohols may be closely related to the effects of promoting blood circulation and resolving blood stasis.

11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 490-512, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939864

ABSTRACT

LIN28 is an RNA binding protein with important roles in early embryo development, stem cell differentiation/reprogramming, tumorigenesis and metabolism. Previous studies have focused mainly on its role in the cytosol where it interacts with Let-7 microRNA precursors or mRNAs, and few have addressed LIN28's role within the nucleus. Here, we show that LIN28 displays dynamic temporal and spatial expression during murine embryo development. Maternal LIN28 expression drops upon exit from the 2-cell stage, and zygotic LIN28 protein is induced at the forming nucleolus during 4-cell to blastocyst stage development, to become dominantly expressed in the cytosol after implantation. In cultured pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), loss of LIN28 led to nucleolar stress and activation of a 2-cell/4-cell-like transcriptional program characterized by the expression of endogenous retrovirus genes. Mechanistically, LIN28 binds to small nucleolar RNAs and rRNA to maintain nucleolar integrity, and its loss leads to nucleolar phase separation defects, ribosomal stress and activation of P53 which in turn binds to and activates 2C transcription factor Dux. LIN28 also resides in a complex containing the nucleolar factor Nucleolin (NCL) and the transcriptional repressor TRIM28, and LIN28 loss leads to reduced occupancy of the NCL/TRIM28 complex on the Dux and rDNA loci, and thus de-repressed Dux and reduced rRNA expression. Lin28 knockout cells with nucleolar stress are more likely to assume a slowly cycling, translationally inert and anabolically inactive state, which is a part of previously unappreciated 2C-like transcriptional program. These findings elucidate novel roles for nucleolar LIN28 in PSCs, and a new mechanism linking 2C program and nucleolar functions in PSCs and early embryo development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Mammalian/metabolism , Embryonic Development , Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Zygote/metabolism
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 361-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928325

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between preoperative waiting time and prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2018, 333 elderly hip fracture patients undergoing surgery were retrospectively analyzed, including 104 males and 229 females, aged from 60 to 99 years with an average of (77.93±8.49) years, and 183 patients were femoral neck fracture, 150 patients were femoral intertrochanteric fracture. Among them, 269 patients (80.78%) had a clustered preoperative waiting time of 2 to 8 days, and then divided into within 4-day group(91 cases) and over 4-day group(242 cases) according to their preoperative waiting time. The survival situation was followed by telephone, and follow-up time started from fracture admission to the death event, or to the research deadline (December 31, 2019). The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and Cox risk proportion model was used to analyze the independent risk factors of hip fracture in elderly patients.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 75 months(means 35 months), 59 patients died and the mortality rate was 17.72%(59/333). Compared with within 4-day group, the mortality rate was higher in over 4-day group[20.66%(50/242) vs. 9.89%(9/91), χ2=5.263, P=0.022]. Multiariable Cox regression analysis showed that preoperative waiting time, age, male and Charlson comorbidity index were independent risk factors for the prognosis of hip fracture in elderly patients (all P<0.05), and every 1-day delay was associated with 5% increase of the risk of death[HR=1.05, 95%CI(1.00-1.10), P=0.045]. Subsequent analyse was stratified according to the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and found that over 4-day group had a higher mortality rate in patients with CCI<2, with statistically significant difference(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For elderly patients with hip fracture, most of hospitals could not complete the hip fracture surgery within 48 hours, we also need to shorten the waiting time before surgery, and thereby improve their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Femoral Neck Fractures , Hip Fractures/surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 121-125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and simple CEA on carotid artery stenosis (CAS).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with CAS were randomized into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Both groups were treated with eversion CEA (eCEA). The conventional treatment of internal medicine and antiplatelet drugs i.e. aspirin enteric-coated tablet and clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate tablet were given in the control group for 4 weeks. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Fengfu (GV 16), Yamen (GV 15), cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2), Dazhui (GV 14), etc. in the observation group, once a day, 1-day rest was taken after 6-day treatment, 2 weeks were as one course and totally 2 courses were required. The carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) before and after treatment was detected by ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus, the TCM symptom score was compared before and after treatment and in the follow-up of 6 months after treatment, the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups. The occurrence of endpoints within 1 year was recorded.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the carotid IMT and TCM symptom scores were decreased compared before treatment in the both groups (P<0.05), and the changes in the observation group were greater than the control group (P<0.05). In the follow-up, the TCM symptom scores were decreased compared before treatment in the both groups (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 96.4% (27/28) in the observation group, which was superior to 88.9% (24/27) in the control group (P<0.05). There were 1 case of stoke in the observation group and 2 cases of stroke in the control group within 1-year follow-up, and there was no significant difference in the number of endpoints between the two groups within 1 year (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with CEA can effectively reduce the IMT in patients with CAS, improve the TCM symptom score, the efficacy is superior to simple CEA treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Carotid Stenosis/therapy , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2794-2802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887842

ABSTRACT

Estrogen receptor (esr) mediates the effects of estrogen on the expression of related genes, thereby regulating the growth and reproduction of mammals. To investigate the effect of retrotransposon insertion polymorphism (RIP) of the porcine esr gene on porcine growth performance, retrotransposon insertion polymorphism of the esr gene were predicted by comparative genomics and bioinformatics, and PCR was used to verify the insertion polymorphisms in different porcine breeds. Finally, the correlation analysis between the genotypes and performance of Large White pigs was conducted. The results showed that four retrotransposon polymorphic sites were identified in the esr1 and esr2 genes, which are esr1-SINE- RIP1 located in intron 2 of the esr1 gene, esr1-LINE-RIP2 and RIP3-esr1- SINE located in intron 5 of the gene, and esr2-LINE-RIP located in intron 1 of the esr2 gene, respectively. Among them, insertion of a 287 bp of SINE into intron 2 of the esr1 gene significantly affected (P<0.05) the live back fat thickness and 100 kg body weight back fat thickness of Large White pigs. Moreover, the live back fat thickness and back fat thickness at 100 kg body weight of homozygous with insertion (SINE+/+) was significantly greater than that of heterozygous with insertion (SINE+/-) and homozygous without insertion (SINE-/-). Therefore, esr1-SINE-RIP1 could be used as a molecular marker to assist the selection of deposition traits in Large White pigs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Genotype , Introns/genetics , Phenotype , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Retroelements/genetics , Swine/genetics
15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 824-829, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the significance of collagen triple helix repeat containing 1 (CTHRC1) gene expression in colon adenocarcinoma based on bioinformatics.Methods:The GEPIA2 analysis tool was used to analyze the expression of CTHRC1 gene in colon adenocarcinoma and the relationship between its expression and the survival prognosis of patients in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and GTEx database. ULACAN analysis tool was used to analyze the methylation level of CTHRC1 gene in colon adenocarcinoma tissues and normal colon tissues in TCGA database. The cBioportal network analysis tool was used to analyze the mutation of CTHRC1 gene. TIMER analysis tool was used to analyze the relationship between CTHRC1 expression and immune cells infiltration, tumor-associated fibroblasts infiltration and functional immune cells. STRING database was used to analyze the proteins interacted with CTHRC1, and the enrichment analyses were performed.Results:The expressions of CTHRC1 gene and protein in colon adenocarcinoma tumor tissues were higher than those in normal colon tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.05), and CTHRC1 gene showed high methylation level in normal colon tissues and low methylation level in tumor tissues ( P < 0.05). A total of 19 mutations were detected in 2 480 colorectal adenocarcinoma and colon adenocarcinoma samples. Among them, 3 cases of colon adenocarcinoma specimens had CTHRC1 mutations, the mutation sites were R235H, A124V and R193C, and the mutation types were all missense mutations. CTHRC1 gene expression was positively correlated with infiltrations of CD8 + T cells, CD4 + T cells, macrophages, neutrophils, dendritic cells and tumor-associated fibroblasts (all P < 0.01). The overall survival and disease-free survival of patients with high expression of CTHRC1 gene were worse than those of patients with low expression of CTHRC1 gene (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The methylation of CTHRC1 gene and the infiltration of tumor-associated immune cells may have important significances in the pathogenesis of colon adenocarcinoma. CTHRC1 gene expression and immune cells infiltration can be used as predictors of the survival prognosis of colon adenocarcinoma patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 684-686, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between cervical lymph node metastasis,extra thyroidal extension and other clinicopathologic features and BRAF V600E gene mutation abundance in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods:The clinicopathologic data of 123 PTC patients admitted from Jan 2018 to Oct 2020 in Peking University People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. All the PTC cases were examined by next generation sequencing technology. BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances were detected and analyzed with different clinicopathologic features, and differences between groups were compared. Results:There were statistical differences compared to control group in BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances in lymph node metastasized group and extra thyroidal extended group(all P<0.05). BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances were positively related with severity of extra thyroidal extension( P<0.05). Conclusion:BRAF V600E gene mutation abundance was related with cervical lymph node metastasis and extra thyroidal extension in PTC patients.

17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2767-2769, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906856

ABSTRACT

Malnutrition is common in patients with liver cirrhosis, especially with a high incidence rate in the decompensated stage, which mainly manifests as protein-energy malnutrition and has a negative impact on the prognosis of patients. The main causes of malnutrition in liver cirrhosis are insufficient intake and increased consumption. Body composition assessment is an important method to evaluate the type of malnutrition in liver cirrhosis. European Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) guidelines suggest that Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS2002) should be used for nutritional risk screening, and cirrhotic patients with an NRS2002 score of ≥3 are considered at the risk of malnutrition. ESPEN guidelines recommend a daily energy intake of 30-35 kcal/kg and a daily protein intake of 1.2-1.5 g/kg for patients with liver cirrhosis. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt can effectively reduce portal hypertension in patients with liver cirrhosis and help to improve their nutritional status.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 105-110, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical efficacy of Qingfei Xiegantang on chronic inflammation and endothelial function of people of Taiyin constitution with metabolic syndrome (MS). Method:Patients (162 cases) were divided into control group (80 cases) and observation group (82 cases). Both groups got lifestyle intervention and treatment with lipid regulation, blood pressure reduction and hypoglycemia according to MS. Patients in observation group got Qingfei Xiegantang, 1 dose/day. Patients in control group got placebo granules of Qingfei Xiegantang. The treatment lasted for 4 months. Before and after treatment, weight, height, waist (WC), hip, body mass index (BMI) and waist hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. Levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FBG), 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (2 hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting insulin (FINS) were measured. Insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), insulin sensitivity index (ISI) and islet beta cell function index (HOMA-<italic>β</italic>), systolic blood pressure (SBD), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6), leptin (LP), adiponectin (ADP), nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were detected and recorded. Then the safety was evaluated. Result:Levels of body mass, BMI, WHR, TG, TC, LDL-C, FBG, 2 hPG, HbA1c, HOMA-IR, SBD, DBP, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-6, LP, ET-1 and iNOS were all lower than those in control group. Levels of HDL-C, InISI, HOMA-<italic>β</italic>, ADP, NO and eNOS were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). And score of syndrome differentiation of Taiyin people was lower than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The compliance rate of BMI in observation group was 70.27% (52/74), which was higher than 53.42% (39/73) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.421, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The compliance rate of blood pressure was 95.95% (71/74), was higher than 84.93% (62/73) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.171, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The compliance rate of blood fat was 87.84% (65/74), which was higher than 72.60% (53/73) (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.386, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Qingfei Xiegantang can regulate the obesity, blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid components of MS, relieve clinical symptoms, improve IR, insulin sensitivity and islet <italic>β</italic> cell function, reduce inflammatory reaction, and increase vascular endothelial function of people of taiyin constitution with metabolic Syndrome.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 42-48, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Kangxian Yixin prescription in regulating mitochondrial permeability transition pore(mPTP)and inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Method:H9c2 cardiomyocytes were cultured routinely. After 8 h of starvation,the cells were divided into the normal group,model group,Kangxian Yixin prescription(0.25 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) group,and cyclosporin A(CsA,10 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) group and treated with the corresponding drugs for 24 h for follow-up experiments. The H9c2 cardiomyocyte hypertrophy model was induced by norepinephrine(NE),whose optimal concentration was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The degree of mPTP opening was detected by flow cytometry, followed by the measurement of mRNA and protein expression levels of apoptosis-related factors cyclophilin D(Cyp-D),cytochrome C(Cyt-C),and cysteine aspartate-specific protease-3(Caspase-3) after mPTP opening and the quantification of mitochondrial membrane potential. Result:When the concentration of NE was 200 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, the mRNA expression levels of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide(BNP) were the highest, implying that it was the optimal concentration to induce H9c2 cell hypertrophy. Compared with the normal group,the model group exhibited excessive opening of mPTP,weakened relative fluorescence intensity in mitochondria, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01),and elevated mRNA and protein expression of Cyp-D,Cyt-C,and Caspase-3(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group,both Kangxian Yixin prescription and CsA inhibited mPTP opening,enhanced the relative fluorescence intensity of mitochondria, increased mitochondrial membrane potential(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01),and lowered the mRNA and protein expression of Cyp-D,Cyt-C,and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Kangxian Yixin prescription inhibits cardiomyocyte apoptosis possibly by regulating mPTP opening and inhibiting the expression of apoptosis-related factors Cyp-D,Cyt-C, and Caspase-3.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 55-60, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status of illness and consultation within two weeks among residents in a community in Chengdu.Methods:A multi-stage stratified random sampling was used to carry out a questionnaire survey among the residents in a community in Chengdu during March to April 2019. The disease status, disease severity and consultation within two weeks were surveyed, and influencing factors of two-week illness were analyzed with logistic regression.Results:Among 2 714 participants, 715 had illness (900 times) within two weeks, with a two-week prevalence rate of 26.3%. The main symptoms were dizziness (6.4%, 58/900), cough (6.2%, 56/900), lumbago and leg pain (4.9%, 44/900), palpitations (3.3%, 30/900) and headache (3.1%, 28/900). The three most common diseases were hypertension (38.3%, 345/900), diabetes (19.3%, 174/900) and common cold (6.4%, 58/900). In this survey, the rate of two-week in bed was 20.6‰(56/2 714), and the rate of two-week off work was 4.8‰(13/2 714). Age, gender, education level and work status were the influencing factors of the illness in two weeks ( P<0.05). The choice of medical institution was also different among residents. Conclusion:The survey suggest that primary care should focus on the key groups of residents in the community such as elderly, women, low education level, retirement and unemployed; and it is necessary to strengthen the primary care institutions and two-way referral system of health care.

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