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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 693-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985976

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish and validate a nomogram-based predictive model for idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with the collected clinical and biochemical data of patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) including 249 patients with unilateral primary aldosteronism (UPA) and 107 patients with IHA, who were treated at the Department of Endocrinology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from November 2013 to November 2022. Plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and plasma renin concentration (PRC) were measured by chemiluminescence. Stepwise regression analysis was applied to select the key predictors of IHA, and a nomogram-based scoring model was developed. The model was validated in another external independent cohort of patients with PA including 62 patients with UPA and 43 patients with IHA, who were diagnosed at the Department of Endocrinology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. An independent-sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and χ2 test were used for statistical analysis. Results: In the training cohort, in comparison with the UPA group, the IHA group showed a higher serum potassium level [M(Q1, Q3), 3.4 (3.1, 3.8) mmol/L vs. 2.7 (2.1, 3.1) mmol/L] and higher PRC [4.0 (2.1, 8.2) mU/L vs. 1.5 (0.6, 3.4) mU/L] and a lower PAC post-saline infusion test (SIT) [305 (222, 416) pmol/L vs. 720 (443, 1 136) pmol/L] and a lower rate of unilateral adrenal nodules [33.6% (36/107) vs. 81.1% (202/249)]; the intergroup differences in these measurements were statistically significant (all P<0.001). Serum potassium level, PRC, PAC post-SIT, and the rate of unilateral adrenal nodules showed similar performance in the IHA group in the validation cohort. After stepwise regression analysis for all significant variables in the training cohort, a scoring model based on a nomogram was constructed, and the predictive parameters included the rate of unilateral adrenal nodules, serum potassium concentration, PAC post-SIT, and PRC in the standing position. When the total score was ≥14, the model showed a sensitivity of 0.65 and specificity of 0.90 in the training cohort and a sensitivity of 0.56 and specificity of 1.00 in the validation cohort. Conclusion: The nomogram was used to successfully develop a model for prediction of IHA that could facilitate selection of patients with IHA who required medication directly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperaldosteronism/diagnosis , Nomograms , Hypertension , Cross-Sectional Studies , Aldosterone , Saline Solution , Renin , Potassium
2.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 69-74, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968548

ABSTRACT

A growing number of neuroimaging studies have revealed abnormal brain structural and functional alterations in subjects with internet addiction (IA), however, with conflicting conclusions. We plan to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the studies of voxelbased morphometry (VBM) and resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC), to reach a consolidated conclusion and point out the future direction in this field. A comprehensive search of rsFC and VBM studies of IA will be conducted in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases to retrieve studies published from the inception dates to August 2021. If the extracted data are feasible, activation likelihood estimation and seed-based d mapping methods will be used to meta-analyze the brain structural and functional changes in IA patients. This study will hopefully reach a consolidated conclusion on the impact of IA on human brain or point out the future direction in this field.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 656-663, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To quantitatively evaluate and compare the morphology and dynamics parameters of mitral valve devices in patients with atrial functional mitral regurgitation (AFMR) and ventricular functional mitral regurgitation (VFMR) by real-time three-dimensional ultrasound, in order to provide theoretical basis for diagnosis and clinical treatments of the two types of regurgitation patients.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 20 AFMR patients (AFMR group) and 20 VFMR patients (VFMR group) who underwent transesophageal echocardiography at Wuhan University People′s Hospital from May to November 2022. Additionally, 20 patients who underwent transesophageal echocardiography at our hospital during the same period due to patent foramen ovale or non cardiac surgery monitoring were selected as the control group. All subjects were measured mitral annulus anteroposterior diameter (AP diameter), anterolateral posteromedial diameter (ALPM diameter), anteroposterior diameter/anterolateral posteromedial diameter (AP/ALPM), commissural width (CW), annular area (AA), annular circumference (AC), annular height (AH), coaptation depth (CD), tenting volume (TV), non-planar angle (NPA) and posterior leaflet angle at isovolumic relaxation time, early diastole, mid diastole, late diastole, isovolumic contraction time, early systole, mid systole, and late systole. The total change rate and systolic change rate of the above parameters were calculated, the differences in structure and dynamic changes of the mitral valve device among three groups were compared, and the correlations between the change rate of mitral annular parameters and left ventricular long axis strain (GLS) were analyzed.Results:①The GLS of three groups were as follows: control group>AFMR group>VFMR group, and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). ②Static structure: The AP diameter, ALPM diameter, AA, AC, and total leaflet area (TLA) of the AFMR group and VFMR group were significantly larger than those of the control group (all P<0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference between the AFMR group and VFMR group (all P>0.05). Compared with the other two groups, the TV, CD, and posterior leaflet angle of the VFMR group were significantly increased, exhibiting the mitral valve tethering; the control group had the largest AH/CW and the deepest saddle shape; the AFMR group had the smallest TLA/AA and the least mitral valve remodeling; there was no statistically significant difference in the junction area among the three groups (all P>0.05). ③Dynamic changes: AP diameter, ALPM diameter, AA and AC in the control group showed regular changes throughout the cardiac cycle, gradually decreased from isovolumic relaxation time to late diastole, and gradually increased from isovolumic contraction time to late systole; The changes in the above parameters in the AFMR and VFMR groups appeared more disordered. In addition, compared with the control group, the total change rate and systolic change rate of AP diameter in the AFMR group were significantly reduced, but the total change rate of ALPM diameter was significantly increased (all P<0.05). ④The total change rate of AA, ALPM diameter and AP diameter were moderately correlated with GLS ( r=0.353, P=0.006; r=-0.304, P=0.018; r=0.300, P=0.020), while the systolic change rate of posterior leaflet angle was weakly correlated with GLS ( r=0.267, P=0.039). Conclusions:There are differences in the morphology and dynamics parameters of mitral valve device in patients with AFMR and VFMR.Different clinical strategies can be used for the two kinds of functional mitral regurgitation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 572-582, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic predictive value of deep neural network (DNN) assisted myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) quantitative analysis of ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after successful percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in 97 STEMI patients with thrombolysis in myocardial infarction-3 flow in infarct vessel after primary PCI in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from June to November 2021. MCE was performed within 48 h after PCI. Patients were followed up to 120 days. The adverse events were defined as cardiac death, hospitalization for congestive heart failure, reinfarction, stroke and recurrent angina. The framework consisted of the U-net and hierarchical convolutional LSTMs. The plateau myocardial contrast intensity (A), micro-bubble rate constant (β), and microvascular blood flow (MBF) for all myocardial segments were obtained by the framework, and then underwent variability analysis. Patients were divided into low MBF group and high MBF group based on MBF values, the baseline characteristics and adverse events were compared between the two groups. Other variables included biomarkers, ventricular wall motion analysis, MCE qualitative analysis, and left ventricular ejection fraction. The relationship between various variables and prognosis was investigated using Cox regression analysis. The ROC curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the models, and the diagnostic efficacy of the models was compared using the integrated discrimination improvement index (IDI).Results:The time-cost for processing all 3 810 frames from 97 patients was 377 s. 92.89% and 7.11% of the frames were evaluated by an experienced echocardiographer as "good segmentation" and "correction needed". The correlation coefficients of A, β, and MBF ranged from 0.97 to 0.99 for intra-observer and inter-observer variability. During follow-up, 20 patients met the adverse events. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that for each increase of 1 IU/s in MBF of the infarct-related artery territory, the risk of adverse events decreased by 6% ( HR 0.94, 95% CI =0.91-0.98). There was a 4.5-fold increased risk of adverse events in the low MBF group ( HR 5.50, 95% CI=1.55-19.49). After incorporating DNN-assisted MCE quantitative analysis into qualitative analysis, the IDI for prognostic prediction was 15% (AUC 0.86, sensitivity 0.78, specificity 0.73). Conclusions:MBF of the area supplied by infarct-related artery after STEMI-PCI is an independent protective factor for short-term prognosis. The DNN-assisted MCE quantitative analysis is an objective, efficient, and reproducible method to evaluate microvascular perfusion. Assessment of culprit-MBF after PCI in STEMI patients adds independent short-term prognostic information over qualitative analysis.It has the potential to be a valuable tool for risk stratification and clinical follow-up.

5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 595-599, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of quantitative parameters of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting the efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy for children and adolescents with mature aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).Methods:It was a retrospective multicenter study.Clinical data of 44 children and adolescents diagnosed with mature aggressive B-cell NHL between January 2016 and January 2023 in Henan Cancer Hospital, Beijing Gaobo Boren Hospital, and the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University were retrospectively analyzed.Patients were divided into complete response (CR) group and non-CR group based on the international criteria for the diagnosis of pediatric NHL.Quantitative parameters of MRI, including T2 signal intensity, the minimal apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCmin), maximal ADC (ADCmax), and the mean ADC (ADCmean) were measured before and within 2 weeks after CAR-T infusion.The correlation between the above parameters and the achievement of CR was analyzed.The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to assess the inter-observer agreement among observers in measuring quantitative parameters of MRI.Differences between groups were analyzed using the independent sample t-test.Factors influencing CR were identified through the binary Logistic regression analysis, and a prediction model was established.Model performance was evaluated by plotting receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results:Significant differences were observed between the CR group and non-CR group in T2 signal intensity before CAR-T infusion (267±152 vs.364±160, P=0.048), and ADCmin (0.94±0.38 vs.0.53±0.28, P<0.05), ADCmax (1.73±0.69 vs.0.84±0.43, P<0.05), ADCmean (1.28±0.48 vs.0.67±0.33, P<0.05), and T2 signal intensity within 2 weeks after CAR-T infusion (198±139 vs.345±168, P=0.004). A univariate prediction model was created by introducing the above quantitative parameters.The area under the curve (AUC), specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of T2 signal intensity before CAR-T infusion in predicting the efficacy on children and adolescents with mature aggressive B-cell NHL were 0.800, 84.0%, 57.9%, and 72.7%, respectively.The AUC, specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of ADCmax within 2 weeks of CAR-T infusion were 0.958, 88.0%, 78.9%, and 84.1%, respectively.The AUC, specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of T2 signal intensity within 2 weeks of CAR-T infusion were 0.869, 84.0%, 68.4%, and 77.3%, respectively. Conclusions:Quantitative parameters of MRI, including ADC values and T2 signal intensity, are of great significance in the early prediction of CAR-T therapy efficacy on children and adolescents with mature aggressive B-cell NHL.Among these parameters, ADCmax presents the strongest predictive performance and serves as a valuable indicator for predicting a complete response with CAR-T treatment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 710-715, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986199

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the predictive factors of concurrent bile duct injury following transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 483 HCC patients in relation to TACE postoperative complications. A total of 21 cases of bile duct injury were observed following the TACE procedure. Laboratory data, imaging data, and clinically relevant medical histories were recorded before and after one week following the TACE procedure and follow-up. The χ (2) test, or Fisher's exact probability method, was used for categorical variables. The mean of the two samples was compared using a paired t-test or Wilcoxon rank sum test. The comparison of multiple mean values was conducted using an analysis of variance. Results: Twenty-one cases with bile duct injury had intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, bile tumors, hilar biliary duct stenoses, and other manifestations. 14.3% (3/21) of patients showed linear high-density shadows along the bile duct on a plain CT scan, while 76.2% (16/21) of patients had ALP > 200 U/L one week following TACE procedure, and bile duct injury occurred in later follow-up. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were significantly increased in all patients following TACE procedure (t = -2.721, P = 0.014; t = -2.674, P = 0.015; t = -3.079, P = 0.006; t = -3.377, P = 0.003, respectively). Conclusion: The deposition of iodized oil around the bile duct on plain CT scan presentation or the continuous increase of ALP (> 200 U/L) one week following TACE procedure has a certain predictive value for the later bile duct injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Bile Ducts
7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1028-1034, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and short-term outcomes of transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with domestic prostheses in patients with pure native aortic valve regurgitation (AR).Methods:A total of 16 patients with pure native AR who underwent transfemoral TAVR in the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from June 2019 to January 2022 were consecutively included in our study, and 24 patients with aortic stenosis (AS) who underwent transfemoral TAVR in the same period were selected as the control group. This study compared the baseline characteristics, baseline echocardiography, morphological characteristics of the aortic root, safety of the procedure and short-term outcomes between the two groups.Results:Compared with the AS group, the pure native AR group had a higher prevalence of baseline NYHA class Ⅲ or Ⅳ, a larger left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), a smaller relative ventricular wall thickness (RWT) (all P<0.05), a lower aortic root calcification score, and a larger sinus junction diameter, and cardiac angle (all P<0.05). During TAVR operation, the pure native AR group was treated with larger prostheses size, with a larger percentage in relation to the native annulus size and outflow tract (all P<0.05). There were 7 cases (43.8%) treated with 'valve in valve’, 2 cases (12.5%) with moderate paravalvular leak(PVL), and 2 cases (12.5%) with prostheses-migration to ascending aorta.However, no cases of death, transfer to surgery, coronary obstruction or annular rupture were observed in the pure native AR group. There were no statistical differences between the pure native AR group and AS group in device success rate (56.3% vs 62.5%, P>0.05) and 1-month all-cause mortality[0 (0/16) vs 4.2% (1/24), P>0.05]. The 6MWT, NT-proBNP, and NYHA were significantly improved at 1-month post TAVR compared with those before the procedure in the two groups (all P<0.05). Echocardiography showed significant reverse cardiac remodeling and improved left ventricular function compared with those before the procedure in the two groups. Conclusions:Transfemoral TAVR is a feasible and safe method for patients with pure native AR, and its short-term prognosis is similar to that in AS patients with well-established TAVR.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 1101-1104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of CT portal vein imaging combined with liver function indexes in predicting the risk of esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis.Methods:A total of 82 patients with liver cirrhosis complicated with gastric fundus esophageal varices in Wanbei Coal-Electricity Group General Hospital were selected and divided into bleeding group (24 cases) and non-bleeding group (58 cases) according to the occurrence of gastric fundus esophageal varices bleeding within 6 weeks after admission. General data of the two groups, CT portal vein imaging parameters at admission including diameter of main portal vein (MPV), diameter of splenic vein (SPV), diameter of left gastric vein (LGV), serum liver function indexes including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL) levels were compared between the two groups, and analyzed the value of CT portal vein imaging parameters and serum liver function indexes levels in predicting the risk of gastric fundus esophageal varices bleeding.Results:The age and diameter of MPV, SPV, LGV in bleeding group were higher than those in the non-bleeding group: (55.17 ± 12.02) years vs. (53.71 ± 10.48) years, (18.05 ± 2.74) mm vs. (15.22 ± 2.18) mm, (13.68 ± 1.35) mm vs. (12.26 ± 1.43) mm, (6.82 ± 1.38) mm vs. (5.30 ± 0.94) mm; the levels of serum ALT, AST, TBIL in bleeding group were lower than those in the non-bleeding group: (23.71 ± 5.74) U/L vs. (34.95 ± 8.26) U/L, (27.65 ± 6.61) U/L vs. (39.29 ± 10.24) U/L, (17.20 ± 5.49) U/L vs. (26.13 ± 7.85) U/L, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The results of receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of combined index to predict gastric fundus esophageal varices bleeding was 0.889 (95% CI 0.812-0.967), and the sensitivity and specificity were 83.34% and 81.03%, respectively. Conclusions:CT portal vein imaging combined with liver function indexes has a good value in predicting the risk of gastric fundus esophageal varices bleeding in liver cirrhosis.

9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 459-473, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929103

ABSTRACT

The deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) integrate various inputs to the cerebellum and form the final cerebellar outputs critical for associative sensorimotor learning. However, the functional relevance of distinct neuronal subpopulations within the DCN remains poorly understood. Here, we examined a subpopulation of mouse DCN neurons whose axons specifically project to the ventromedial (Vm) thalamus (DCNVm neurons), and found that these neurons represent a specific subset of DCN units whose activity varies with trace eyeblink conditioning (tEBC), a classical associative sensorimotor learning task. Upon conditioning, the activity of DCNVm neurons signaled the performance of conditioned eyeblink responses (CRs). Optogenetic activation and inhibition of the DCNVm neurons in well-trained mice amplified and diminished the CRs, respectively. Chemogenetic manipulation of the DCNVm neurons had no effects on non-associative motor coordination. Furthermore, optogenetic activation of the DCNVm neurons caused rapid elevated firing activity in the cingulate cortex, a brain area critical for bridging the time gap between sensory stimuli and motor execution during tEBC. Together, our data highlights DCNVm neurons' function and delineates their kinematic parameters that modulate the strength of associative sensorimotor responses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Blinking , Cerebellar Nuclei/physiology , Cerebellum , Neurons/physiology , Thalamus
10.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 473-480, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939912

ABSTRACT

Five new polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (1-5), ascyrones A-E, and four known compounds (6-9) were isolated from the aerial parts of Hypericum ascyron. All of the isolates containing a bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-2,4,9-trione core and a benzoyl group, belonged to type B bicyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (BPAPs). Their structures and absolute configurations were established based on spectroscopic analyses and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. The anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and cytotoxicity activities of compounds 1-4 and 6-9 were evaluated. Compound 6 exhibited obvious anti-inflammatory activity in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells. Compounds 1 and 9 exhibited slight cytotoxicity against Hep3B cells. Meanwhile, compound 1 showed mild neuroprotective activity against corticosterone (CORT)-induced PC12 cell damage at 10 μmol·L-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Hypericum/chemistry , Molecular Structure , PC12 Cells , Phloroglucinol/pharmacology
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 804-812, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen differentially expressed gene (DEG) related to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and explore the core genes and pathogenesis of MDS by analyzing the biological functions and related signaling pathways of DEG.@*METHODS@#The expression profiles of GSE4619, GSE19429, GSE58831 including MDS patients and normal controls were downloaded from GEO database. The gene expression analysis tool (GEO2R) of GEO database was used to screen DEG according to | log FC (fold change) |≥1 and P<0.01. David online database was used to annotate gene ontology function (GO). Metascape online database was used to enrich and analyze differential genes in Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). The protein-protein interaction network (PPI) was constructed by using STRING database. CytoHubba and Mcode plug-ins of Cytoscape were used to analyze the key gene clusters and hub genes. R language was used to diagnose hub genes and draw the ROC curve. GSEA enrichment analysis was performed on GSE19429 according to the expression of LEF1.@*RESULTS@#A total of 74 co-DEG were identified, including 14 up-regulated genes and 60 down regulated genes. GO enrichment analysis indicated that BP of down regulated genes was mainly enriched in the transcription and regulation of RNA polymerase II promoter, negative regulation of cell proliferation, and immune response. CC of down regulated genes was mainly enriched in the nucleus, transcription factor complexes, and adhesion spots. MF was mainly enriched in protein binding, DNA binding, and β-catenin binding. KEGG pathway was enriched in primary immunodeficiency, Hippo signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, transcriptional mis-regulation in cancer and hematopoietic cell lineage. BP of up-regulated genes was mainly enriched in type I interferon signaling pathway and viral response. CC was mainly enriched in cytoplasm. MF was mainly enriched in RNA binding. Ten hub genes and three important gene clusters were screened by STRING database and Cytoscape software. The functions of the three key gene clusters were closely related to immune regulation. ROC analysis showed that the hub genes had a good diagnostic significance for MDS. GSEA analysis indicated that LEF1 may affect the normal function of hematopoietic stem cells by regulating inflammatory reaction, which further revealed the pathogenesis of MDS.@*CONCLUSION@#Bioinformatics can effectively screen the core genes and key signaling pathways of MDS, which provides a new strategy for the diagnosis and treatment of MDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Ontology , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 402-404, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on magnetic resonance imaging technology, the dangerous depth of straight needling and the safety of deep needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) are discussed, and data support is provided for standardizing deep needling at Dachangshu (BL 25).@*METHODS@#The horizontal cross-sectional images of 148 healthy adult subjects under the spinous process of the 4th lumbar vertebra were collected by magnetic resonance instrument, the anatomical structure was analyzed, and the dangerous depth of straight needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) was measured.@*RESULTS@#The dangerous depth of straight needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) was (11.2±1.3) cm and (11.0±1.2) cm on the left and right sides of males, and (9.8±1.3) cm and (9.7±1.3) cm on the left and right sides of females. There was a positive correlation between the dangerous depth of straight needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) and body mass index (BMI). In the case of similar body size, the dangerous depth of straight needling at Dachangshu(BL 25) in males was greater than that in females (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#At present, the deep needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) used in clinic is safe. In clinical application of the deep needling at Dachangshu (BL 25), the depth of needle insertion can be determined according to body size and gender.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Needles
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1220-1228, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969730

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the associations between 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (24hUNaE) and all-cause mortality in adult Northern Chinese population. Methods: Data from this study were derived from the prospective urban and rural epidemiology (PURE) study in north China. Baseline information of all participants were obtained by face to face interview through trained research staffs based on questionnaires, and morning fasting urine samples of participants were collected to estimate 24hUNaE and 24-hour potassium excretion (24hUKE). Multivariable frailty Cox regression models were used to explore the association between 24hUNaE (<3.00, 3.00-3.99, 4.00-4.99, 5.00-5.99 and ≥6 g/d) and all-cause death. Results: A total of 27 310 participants were included in this study. The mean 24hUNaE was (5.84±1.73) g/d. After a median follow-up of 8.8 years, 1 024 participants died (3.7%), including 390 cardiovascular related deaths and 591 non-cardiovascular related deaths. The cause of death of the remaining patients could not be determined. Using 24hUNaE level of 4.00-4.99 g/d as the reference group, after fully adjustment, 24hUNaE ≥6.00 g/d was associated with an increased risk of all-cause death (HR=1.24, 95%CI: 1.02-1.49) and cardiovascular related death (HR=1.39, 95%CI: 1.02-1.88). 24hUNaE<3.00 g/d was associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality (HR=1.38, 95%CI: 0.96-1.99). There was no significant association between 24hUNaE and non-cardiovascular related death. Furthermore, using the combination of 24hUNaE 4.00-4.99 g/d and 24hUKE≥2.11 g/d as the reference group, the highest risk occurred in participants with the combination of low sodium (<3.00 g/d) and low potassium (<2.11 g/d). Conclusion: 24hUNaE equal or higher than 6 g/d or lower than 3 g/d is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular related death in Northern Chinese population. Besides, moderate sodium intake in combination with increased potassium intake might reduce the risk of all-cause death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Sodium/urine , Prospective Studies , Potassium/urine , China/epidemiology , Proportional Hazards Models , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 467-473, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941303

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of transbrachial access for interventional therapy on prosthetic paravalvular leak (PVL) post surgical valve replacement. Methods: This is a retrospective study. Patients with PVL after surgical valve replacement who underwent interventional therapy via the brachial artery approach in Structural heart disease center of Fuwai hospital between August 2017 and October 2019, were included. All patients underwent puncture of the brachial artery under local anesthesia, angiography and transcatheter closure procedure were performed. The procedure was performed under transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) guidance. Baseline data, operation data and pre-and post-operative TTE examination results were collected and analyzed. Postoperative complications were recorded and operational adverse events were obtained during follow up in the outpatient department after discharge. The operation success rate was calculated, which was defined as the degree of perivalvular regurgitation decrease by 1 grade and above according to TTE without interfering the valve movement and coronary artery blood flow within 30 days after occluder placement. Results: A total of 10 patients were enrolled in this study, the mean age was (57.5±14.6) years, and 6 patients were males. There were 7 cases with aortic PVL, and 3 cases with mitral PVL. Except for one patient who was converted to the femoral vein-transseptal approach, the other 9 patients were successfully implanted with the devices via the brachial artery approach. The operation time was (103.3±34.0) minutes, and there was no need for rigorous bed rest after the operation. The median hospital stay was 7.5 (3.0, 9.8) days. The operation success rate was 9/10 via the brachial artery approach. The differences in the degree of perivalvular regurgitation, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, left ventricular end diastolic diameter and left atrial diameter before and after operation were statistically significant (all P<0.05). One case developed new hemolysis with renal insufficiency on the second day after procedure and discharged after successful dialysis. Another case experienced complication of brachial artery pseudoaneurysm after procedure and discharged after successful treatment with thrombin injection. The mean follow-up time was (14.3±7.9) months. During the follow-up, NYHA classification remained as Ⅰ/Ⅱ in 9 patients, no operational adverse events were observed. Conclusions: Transbrachial access for interventional therapy on PVL post surgical valve replacement is a feasible, effective, and safe procedure. It has the advantages of simplifying the operation process and reducing postoperative bed rest time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Valve/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization , Feasibility Studies , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Instruments , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 583-589, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913064

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the changes of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) related to taeniasis and cysticercosis among primary school students before and after health education interventions in disease-elimination pilot areas of Henan Province, so as to evaluate the effectiveness of health education interventions. Methods A primary school was selected from each of Dushu, Bowang and Yangji townships, Fangcheng County, Henan Province from 2017 to 2019; then, 2 to 3 classes were randomly selected from grade 4 to 6 in each primary school, and finally, all students in these classes were enrolled as study subjects. A thematic health education lecture pertaining to taeniasis and cysticercosis was given once each year by means of “health education in class”. The KAP towards taeniasis and cysticercosis was investigated among primary school students using selffilled structured questionnaires, and the changes of awareness of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge and percentage of healthy behaviors formation were compared in primary school students among years and following various frequencies of health education interventions. Results More than 10 thousand person-time primary school students received health education interventions during the period from 2017 to 2019, and a total of 1 223 person-time primary school students were investigated during the 3-year study period, including 633 person-time men and 590 person-time women and 88.55% of primary school students at ages of 10 to 12 years. The proportion of households raising pigs and using dry toiliets decreased from 5.30% (24/453) and 18.10% (82/453) in 2017 to 3.60% (13/361) and 11.08% (40/361) in 2019, respectively. The awareness rate of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge increased significantly from 0.22% (1/453) in 2017 to 62.59% (256/409) in 2018 and 76.73% (277/361) in 2019 (χ2 = 567.60, P < 0.001), and the awareness rate was 85.25% (104/122) among primary school students attending the thematic special health education courses for successive three times. The awareness rates of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge were 0.44% (1/225), 58.00% (116/200) and 71.63% (149/208) among male students and 0 (0/338), 66.99% (140/209) and 83.66% (128/153) among female students from 2017 to 2019, and there was a significant difference in the awareness of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge between male and female students in 2019 (χ2 = 7.14, P = 0.01). On-site teaching by doctors was the students’ favorite way to receive health education interventions (70.07%, 857/1 223), followed by watching health education videos (58.63%, 717/1 223) and seeing parasite specimens (48.9%, 598/1 223). The proportion of students’ families who used cutting boards for raw and cooked food separately increased from 7.28% (33/453) in 2017 to 47.37% (171/361) in 2019, was 67.21% (82/122) among students attending the health education courses for successive three times. The proportion of students who frequently washed their hands before meals and after using toilet increased from 71.96% (324/453) in 2017 to 89.47% (319/361) in 2019 and was 95.90% (117/122) among students attending the health education courses for successive three times. In addition, the percentage of students washing hands frequently in families using dry toilets was significantly lower in those who did not use dry toilets (χ2 = 9.21, P = 0.002), and the proportion of students with a habit of eating raw or undercooked meat decreased significantly from 35.76% (162/453) in 2017 to 6.65% (24/361) in 2019 (χ2 = 69.11, P < 0.01). Conclusion The thematic health education activity of “health education in class” contributes greatly to the increase in the awareness of taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge and the rate of healthy behaviors formation among primary school students in diseaseelimination pilot areas of Henan Province.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 124-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912645

ABSTRACT

Objective:Unidentified filling objects (UFO) can cause adverse results including infections, overfilling, asymmetry, foreign body granulomas, dislocation or psychological panic. To remove UFO accurately, it is important to locate and identify the injected substances preoperatively. This study investigated the viability of using MRI to correctly locate and identify injected substances by relating MRI to gross and pathological microscopic examination.Methods:Eighty-two facial UFO patients from 2013 to 2017 were studied by the experts of the Department of Image, Xinhua Hospital of Dalian University. Five of the patients were male and seventy-seven were female. The age ranged from 17 to 58 years with average 29.4 years. They came to our hospital for removal of UFO after they had facial injective fillers in the illegal medial offices. The injected sites involved in the forehead, temple, malar, cheek, nose, nasolabial folds, and chin. All the patients' faces were examined with MRI preoperatively, using T1W, T2W and fat-suppressed sequences. Based on the guides of MRI, UFOs were removed with their capsules by open approach. Samples were recorded with digital pictures and then were fixed in 10% formalin solution for microscopic examination of HE stained slices.Results:Based on MRI, gross and microscopic examination, UFO were classified into 3 types, gel-like fillers, solid particles, and growth factors. Gel-like fillers appeared strongly hyperintense on T2 W and STIR sequences and hypointense on T1 W sequences. Grossly, they looked like gruel covered by altered soft tissue. Under the light microscope, many pieces of blue-stained material were dispersed in subcutaneous tissue infiltrated with a large number of mononuclear cells and foreign-body giant cells. Solid particles had low to intermediate signal intensity on T1 W and T2 W images. Grossly, they were like sand merging in soft tissue. The biopsy showed crowed bubbles surrounded by tissue filled with a large number of mononuclear cells and foreign-body giant cells. For growth factors affected tissue, it was hard to differentiate between normal and abnormal on MRI. The affected tissue appeared as somehow hypointense on T1 W sequences and hyperintense on T2 W fat suppressed sequences. During the operation, the affected region was easy bleeding and full of fibrofatty tissue. Under the microscope, there were increased small blood vessels and collagens.Conclusions:Based on MRI, gross and microscopic examination, UFO can be classified into 3 types, gel-like fillers, solid particles, and growth factors. MRI is very important for doctors to assess the patient's conditions and make the plan of operation. MRI is also useful for doctors to locate UFO and understand the relationship between UFO and their nearby organs.

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Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 324-327, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912620

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explore the " project-talent-base" combining international science and technology cooperation management model and mechanism through summarizing the practical experience of a tertiary pediatric hospital in Beijing in recent years, to provide reference for strengthening the hospital′s international science and technology cooperation.Methods:Main problems existing in the management of international science and technology cooperation in domestic medical institutions are analyzed, and management methods of international science and technology cooperation adopted by the hospital are classified through policy sorting, literature research, summarization and classification.Results:The hospital has established an efficient and high-quality international science and technology cooperation management model mainly through four aspects: improving the international cooperation management system, enriching international cooperation and exchange projects, building different types of international science and technology cooperation platforms, and strengthening personnel training.Conclusions:Under the background of the globalization of science and technology and the accelerating pace of scientific research in China, improving the hospital′s international science and technology cooperation management model will effectively promote the introduction of international advanced technologies and concepts, and enhance the overall science and technology innovation capabilities and discipline construction.

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Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 501-504, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904627

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the susceptibility of Anopheles sinensis to malathion, deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin in Puyang City, Henan Province, so as to provide the scientific basis for local malaria vector control. Methods An. sinensis was captured from Puyang County, Puyang City of Henan Province in September 2018 and July 2020, and the susceptibility of field captured An. sinensis to malathion, deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin was tested using the filter-paper bioassay recommended by WHO. The insecticide resistance level was assessed based on the WHO criteria. Results In 2018 and 2010, the half knock-down times (KT50) of malathion were 91.08 min and 40.95 min for An. sinensis, with knock-down rates of 37.50% and 60.87% 60 min post-exposure to malathion and 24-hour mortality rates of 90.91% and 100%, respectively, and the insecticide resistance levels were moderately resistant (M) and susceptible (S). The KT50 of deltamethrin were 415.56 min and 341.19 min for An. sinensis in 2018 and 2020, with knock-down rates of 22.92% and 16.98% 60 min post-exposure to malathion and 24-hour mortality rates of 22.92% and 16.98%, and the insecticide resistance levels were all resistant (R). The KT50 of lambda-cyhalothrin were 164.22 min and 236.22 min for An. sinensis in 2018 and 2020, with knock-down rates of 30.39% and 38.30% 60 min postexposure to malathion and 24 h mortality rates of 19.60% and 21.28%, respectively, and the insecticide resistance levels were all R. Conclusion An. sinensis is relatively susceptible to malathion but has developed high-level resistance to deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin in Puyang City, Henan Province..

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Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 283-286, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883602

ABSTRACT

Combining with advances in optogenetics and feedback control of physiological function, we have utilized self-made PPDP (preview, presentation, demonstration, promotion) teaching method to clarify how various physiological functions are regulated by the nervous system and carried out physiological innovation experiment activities. The innovative experiments aim to cultivate students' self-study capability, broaden their vision, enhance their interest in physiology, and finally promote the effect of physiological theory teaching. We herein summarize our practice of closed-loop control of innovative experimental teaching in optogenetics from the following four facets: education concept, students and teacher resources, teaching design, and teaching experience. This summary is trying to explore new experiences of promoting students' participation in teaching activities and improving the teaching quality of physiology.

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Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 398-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of modified middle and upper approach for radical resection of thyroid carcinoma on neck and chest pain, cosmetic effect and postoperative quality of life in patients with early thyroid carcinoma.Methods:Ninety-seven patients with early thyroid carcinoma in the Third Hospital of Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province from January 2017 to January 2020 were selected. According to the random digits table method, the patients were divided into the control group (traditional lateral approach for radical resection of thyroid carcinoma, 48 cases) and the observation group (modified middle and upper approach radical resection of thyroid carcinoma, 49 cases). The operation condition (operation time, intraoperative blood loss, dissection number of lymph node, drainage time, drainage volume and hospitalization time) and operative complication were compared between 2 groups; the degrees of neck and chest pain 1 d, 3 d, 1 month and 3 months after surgery were evaluated by visual analogue score (VAS); the cosmetic effect of the incision 3 months after surgery was evaluated by Vancouver scar scale; the thyroid cancer-specific quality of life (THYCA-QoL) scale was used to assess the changes in the quality of life before surgery and 3, 6 months after surgery.Results:There were no statistical differences in the dissection number of lymph node, drainage volume and hospitalization time between 2 groups ( P>0.05); the operation time, intraoperative blood loss and drainage time in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group: (116.57 ± 25.75) min vs. (129.87 ± 30.01) min, (31.25 ± 4.15) ml vs. (37.98 ± 6.34) ml and (2.57 ± 0.45) d vs. (3.32 ± 0.67) d, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05 or <0.01). The total complication incidence in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group: 8.16% (4/49) vs. 45.83% (22/48), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 15.324, P<0.01). Neck VAS 1 d, 3 d and 1 month after surgery and chest VAS 3 d and 1 month after surgery in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05); there was no statistical difference in neck and chest VAS 3 months after surgery between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The Vancouver scar scale score 3 months after surgery in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group: (6.15 ± 1.35) scores vs. (8.43 ± 2.17) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01). The THYCA-QoL score 3 and 6 months after surgery in observation group were significantly higher than that in control group: (46.25 ± 9.87) scores vs. (40.14 ± 7.52) scores and (53.65 ± 15.14) scores vs. (46.58 ± 9.87) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Compared with the traditional lateral approach, the modified middle and upper approach radical resection of thyroid carcinoma in treatment of early thyroid carcinoma can shorten the operation time, reduce intraoperative blood loss, reduce the incidence of surgical complications and reduce early postoperative neck and chest pain. It has better cosmetic effects and improves the quality of life of the patients.

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