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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the microbial contamination in 54 batches of commercial honey. Methods Aerobic plate colony counts for bacteria and colonies of mould and osmophilic yeasts in honey were determined according to the National Food Safety Standard. The bacteria and fungi in unqualified samples were further identified and analyzed by morphology, MALDI-TOF-MS and large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene sequence. Results Three unqualified batches were found. One batch had aerobic plate colony counts exceeding the standard, with a variety of bacteria including Bacillus sp., Paenibacillus sp. and Brevibacillus sp. Two batches had mould counts exceeding the standard. Aspergillus sp was detected in both samples (from the same manufacturer), and the DNA sequence homology was very high, suggesting the mould might come from the same pollution source. Conclusion There are many kinds of microbial contamination in honey. Manufacturers should strengthen the microbe control in monitoring process to avoid the repeated microbial contamination.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA)versus hamstring tendon autograft (HTA) after 10 years follow-up.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 107 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACLR with a single bundle tendon between March 2007 and March 2010 was retrospectively analyzed. Among the patients, 48 patients were reconstructed with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA group), including 26 males and 22 females, ranging in age from 16 to 38 years, with a mean of 27.2±6.2 years;59 patients were reconstructed with a hamstring tendon autograft (HTA group), including 31 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 16 to 40 years, with a mean of 28.0±7.6 years. The preoperative tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function, as well as knee joint stability, tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function at 10 years after operation were observed. Lachman test was used to evaluate the forward joint stability and pivot shift test to evaluate the rotational stability of the knee;KT-2000 side-to-side difference (SSD) was used to measure tibial anterior displacement;International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) score and Lysholm score were used to evaluate knee function.@*RESULTS@#The incisions of both groups were healed by first intention, and no early complications occurred after operation. All patients were followed-up 10 to 13 years, the mean time was 11.7 years. There was no graft failure were found during the follow up period. The KT-2000 SSD of the TAA group and the HTA group at ten years after operation were 1.9±0.7 and 1.8±0.6 respectively, which were significantly improved than 8.8±0.9 and 8.6±1.0 preoperatively(@*CONCLUSION@#The TAA and HTA have equal long term effect in ACL reconstruction, doctors and patients can choose the graft according to the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Arthroscopy , Autografts , Female , Hamstring Tendons , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a three-dimensional finite element model of osteoporosis and to study the stiffness recovery of injured vertebrae and stress analysis of adjacent vertebrae after percutaneous vertebroplasty under different perfusion and distribution conditions by simulating fluid flow into the vertebral body.@*METHODS@#A male healthy volunteer was selected. CT scans were performed from T@*RESULTS@#(1) The VonMises stress of T@*CONCLUSION@#Reliable biomechanical model of lumbar vertebral fracture can be established by using CT scanning data through software simulation. Vertebral fracture and vertebroplasty will cause biomechanical changes of adjacent vertebral bodies. With the increase of bone cement injection, the influence of biomechanical changes will increase significantly. Neighbouring vertebral fractures are more likely. For this experiment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has a suitable amount of cement injection of 4 ml.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879386

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of single-tunnel pullout structure fixation and anatomical reconstruction of lateral ligament complex in treating chronic lateral ankle instability.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2018, clinical data of 23 patients with chronic lateral malleolus instability who underwent anatomical reconstruction of lateral malleolus ligament complex with single-tunnel pullout structure fixation, were retrospectively studied. Among them, including 7 males and 16 females, aged from 17 to 33 years old with an avergae of (26.0±4.3) years old;16 patients classified to grage 0, and 7 patients classified to gradeⅠaccording to Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) grading;the time of sprain ranged form 2 to 15 with an average of (5.7±2.9) times;the time from injury to operation ranged to 4 to 18 months with an average of (9.0±3.3) months. The range of movement of operative and uninjured ankle joints were measured at 24 months after opertaion, visual analogue scale (VAS) and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) were used to evaluate ankle joint function and improvement of pain, K-L grading and MRI scoring of osteoarthritis of ankle (MSOA) were used to evaluate degree of cartilage degeneration of ankle joint.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 24 to 48 months with an average of (33.4±6.7) months. All the anterior talofibular ligaments and calcaneofibular ligaments were dissected and reconstructed by single-tunnel pullout structure fixation. The range of motion of dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, varus, and valgus on the operative side of ankle joint were smaller than those on the healthy side. There were no statistically differences in dorsiflexion and eversion between operative side and healthy side of ankle joint (@*CONCLUSION@#Treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability with reconstruction of lateral ligament complex with single-tunnel pullout structure fixation could provide better tendon and bone healing conditions, improve surgical safety and could achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Female , Humans , Infant , Joint Instability/surgery , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between open and arthroscopic Latarjet procedure in the treatment of anterior shoulder instability by using Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#Search PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang database, China Biological Literature system(CBM) and VIP database. Review all retrospective or prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials on open and arthroscopic Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability. Binary variables (postoperative recurrence rate, incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications) and continuousvariables [shoulder external rotation range of motion, Walch-Duplay score, Rowe score, WOSI score, postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS), postoperative anxiety degree and operation time] were selected for analysis. NOS bias risk assessment criteria (recommended by Cochrane collaboration Network) were used to evaluate the literature quality of retrospective or prospective cohort studies, and modified Jadad scale was used to evaluate the quality of randomized controlled trials. Literature screening, literature quality evaluation and data extraction were carried out independently by two observers. RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#(1)A total of 9 studies were included, including 8 retrospective cohort studies and 1 prospective cohort study. A total of 956 patients were included in this study, including open Latarjet procedure(@*CONCLUSION@#The arthroscopic Latarjet stabilisation shows satisfactory and comparable results to open procedure, and the postoperative recurrence and complication rates are low in both group. Both open and arthroscopic Latarjet procedure are reliable surgical procedures in the treatment of anteriorly shoulder instability. Arthroscopic procedure has longer learning curve than open procedure, the doctors may either choose arthroscopic or open Latarjet procedure based on personal skills and preference, as well as the patient's condition. However, all the literatures included in this study are cohort studies with low level of evidence. The research lack randomized controlled trials, and small sample size is small. In the future, randomized controlled studies with large sample size and high level of evidence are still needed to determine the efficacy difference between the two.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , China , Humans , Joint Instability , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888144

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Clausena excavata were isolated and purified by column chromatography with silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC. The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, spectroscopic analysis, as well as the comparisons with the data reported in literature. Nineteen compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of C. excavata, which were identified as methyl orsellinate(1), syringaresinol(2), lenisin A(3), scopoletin(4), osthenol(5), N-benzoyltyrarnine methyl ether(6), N-p-coumaroyltyramine(7), aurantiamide acetate(8), 1H-indole-3-carboxaldehyde(9), furostifoline(10), clausenalansine E(11), 3-formylcarbazole(12), clausine L(13), clausine E(14), methyl carbazole-3-carboxylate(15), glycosinin(16), murrayafoline A(17), clausine H(18) and 2,7-dihydroxy-3-formyl-1-(3'-methyl-2'-butenyl)carbazole(19). Among these isolated compounds, compounds 1-11 were isolated from C. excavata for the first time, and compounds 1, 2 and 10 were isolated from the genus Clausena for the first time. In addition, this study evaluated the anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities of compounds 1-19 by measuring their anti-proliferative effects on synoviocytes in vitro according to MTS method. Compounds 10-19 displayed remarkable anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities, which exhibited the inhibitory effects on the proliferation of MH7 A synovial fibroblast cells with the IC_(50) values ranging from(27.63±0.18) to(235.67±2.16) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Chromatography, Reverse-Phase , Clausena , Plant Leaves , Synoviocytes
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of neck circumference (NC) for identifying metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:a total of 413 type 2 diabetic patients (188 male and 225 female) in Qinhuangdao Chinese Medicine Hospital from August 2018 to July 2019 were recruited. Waist circumference (WC), NC and metabolic indicators were measured. The association between WC, NC and metabolic indicators was explored. Area under the curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the abilities of NC.Results:The average age of male was (55.35 ± 14.15) years, and the detection rate of MS was 74.47% (140/188). The average age of female was (60.19 ± 10.29) years, and the detection rate of MS was 71.11% (160/225). In male group, WC showed a negative correlation with age and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) ( P<0.05); NC showed a negative correlation with glycated hemoglobin, total cholesterol (TC) and HDL-C ( P<0.05), and a positive correlation with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ( P<0.05). In female group, WC showed a positive correlation with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and systolic blood pressure (SBP), and a negative correlation with HDL-C; NC showed a positive correlation with FPG and SBP. WC and HC were good indexes for identifying metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes (WC: AUC male 0.862, female 0.870; NC: AUC male 0.745, female 0.752). After applying the ROC analysis, neck circumferences ≥ 34.5 cm in males and ≥ 31.75 cm in females were determined as the best cutoff values to predict MS in type 2 diabetes. Conclusions:NC is a helpful tool to detect MS in type 2 diabetes.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907796

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CDKN2B-AS1 targeting miR-98-5p on proliferation and invasion of lung cancer A549 cells.Methods:A549 cells cultured in vitro were divided into control group, pcDNA group (transfected with pcDNA) , CDKN2B-AS1 group (transfected with pcDNA CDKN2B-AS1) and double transfection group (transfected with pcDNA CDKN2B-AS1 and pcDNA miR-98-5p) . The expression of lncRNA CDKN2B-AS1, miR-98-5p and the protein expression of PCNA, MMP-9 in A549 cells were detected. The activity, clone number, cloning efficiency, and the number of invasive cells of A549 cells were detected.Results:Compared with pcDNA group, the expression level of lncRNA CDKN2B-AS1 [ (2.14±0.14) vs (1.03±0.10) ], OD value in each time points, clone number [ (314.60±18.13) vs (220.08±12.46) ], cloning efficiency [ (85.81±3.06) % vs (60.03±2.85) %], invasive cell number [ (233.30±18.98) vs (140.84±12.30) ], expression levels of PCNA [ (0.78±0.08) vs (0.48±0.07) ] and MMP-9 [ (0.75±0.06) vs (0.38±0.06) ] proteins in A549 cells in CDKN2B-AS1 group were significantly increased ( P<0.05) ; the expression level of miR-98-5p [ (0.23±0.03) vs (0.99±0.09) ] was significantly decreased ( P<0.05) ; compared with CDKN2B-AS1 group, there was no significant difference in the expression level of lncRNA CDKN2B-AS1 in A549 cells in double transfection group ( P>0.05) , while the expression level of miR-98-5p in A549 cells was significantly increased ( P<0.05) . The OD value in each time points, clone number, cloning efficiency, invasive cell number, expression levels of PCNA and MMP-9 proteins were significantly decreased ( P<0.05) . Conclusion:LncRNA CDKN2B-AS1 can promote the proliferation and invasion of lung cancer A549 cells by targetingly inhibiting the expression of miR-98-5p.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential targets and related mechanism involved in the paclitaxel resistance to ovarian cancer. Method:Ovarian cancer A2780 cells and A2780 paclitaxel-resistant cells (A2780/T) were treated by 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> paclitaxel (PTX) for 24 h or 48 h respectively <italic>in vitro</italic>. The proliferation rate of A2780 cells and A2780/T cells treated with paclitaxel was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric method assay. A2780 and A2780/T cells were analyzed by LC-MS/MS Label-Free quantitative proteomics to identify and screen differentially expressed proteins in the two groups of cells. Gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were used to determine the potential biomarkers of paclitaxel resistance in ovarian cancer. Conventionally cultured A2780 cells were used as a control group, and A2780/T cells were treated with 0, 1, 4 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> PTX. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot methods were used to detect and verify the mRNA and protein expression levels of potential target transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>-activated kinase 1 binding protein 1 (TAB1) and its downstream related molecules transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>-activated kinase (TAK1) and p38. Result:After PTX treatment for 24 h and 48 h, the cell viability of A2780 and A2780/T cells decreased. The inhibitory rate of PTX on A2780 cells was significantly higher than that of A2780/T cells. In A2780 cells, the IC<sub>50</sub> of PTX treatment for 48 h was 0.002 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, while in A2780/T cells, the IC<sub>50 </sub>of PTX was greater than the maximum concentration of 128 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, indicating that A2780/T cells were resistant to PTX compared with A2780 cells. 441 differentially expressed proteins and 421 special differentially expressed proteins between A2780/T and A2780 cells were screened by label-free quantitative proteomic analysis. GO function enrichment analysis showed that the binding proteins accounted for the majority (80%) among the differentially expressed proteins. According to the results of KEGG pathway analysis and expression site analysis, TAB1 might be a potential biomarker in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer. Compared with A2780 cells, mRNA and protein expression levels of TAB1 in A2780/T cells were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). mRNA expression of TAK1 and p38 that interacted with TAB1 were also significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while there was no significant change in protein expression. Conclusion:TAB1 may be a potential biomarker of paclitaxel resistance to ovarian cancer , and its mechanism may be related to the TAB1/TAK1/p38 MAPK pathway.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904088

ABSTRACT

Autogenous odontogenic materials are a new, highly biocompatible option for jaw restoration. The inorganic component of autogenous teeth acts as a scaffold to maintain the volume and enable donor cell attachment and proliferation; the organic component contains various growth factors that promote bone reconstruction and repair. The composition of dentin is similar to that of bone, which can be a rationale for promoting bone reconstruction. Recent advances have been made in the field of autogenous odontogenic materials, and studies have confirmed their safety and feasibility after successful clinical application. Autogenous odontogenic materials have unique characteristics compared with other bone-repair materials, such as the conventional autogenous, allogeneic, xenogeneic, and alloplastic bone substitutes. To encourage further research into odontogenic bone grafts, we compared the composition, osteogenesis, and development of autogenous odontogenic materials with those of other bone grafts. In conclusion, odontogenic bone grafts should be classified as a novel bone substitute.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896384

ABSTRACT

Autogenous odontogenic materials are a new, highly biocompatible option for jaw restoration. The inorganic component of autogenous teeth acts as a scaffold to maintain the volume and enable donor cell attachment and proliferation; the organic component contains various growth factors that promote bone reconstruction and repair. The composition of dentin is similar to that of bone, which can be a rationale for promoting bone reconstruction. Recent advances have been made in the field of autogenous odontogenic materials, and studies have confirmed their safety and feasibility after successful clinical application. Autogenous odontogenic materials have unique characteristics compared with other bone-repair materials, such as the conventional autogenous, allogeneic, xenogeneic, and alloplastic bone substitutes. To encourage further research into odontogenic bone grafts, we compared the composition, osteogenesis, and development of autogenous odontogenic materials with those of other bone grafts. In conclusion, odontogenic bone grafts should be classified as a novel bone substitute.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912880

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of acupuncture at the Governor Vessel acupoints plus language training on the language function and cerebral blood flow in patients with motor aphasia after ischemic stroke. Methods: Eighty-six patients were randomized into a control group and an observation group, with 43 cases in each group. Conventional symptomatic treatment was offered to both groups. Besides, the control group received language training, while the observation group received language training plus additional acupuncture at the Governor Vessel acupoints. Before and after treatment, the aphasia battery of Chinese (ABC) and Chinese functional communication profile (CFCP) were tested, and the mean velocity (Vm) and resistance index (RI) of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) were detected. Results: The total effective rate was higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the observation group gained higher scores in oral expression, comprehension, repeating, naming objects, reading, and writing, as well as the general score of ABC (all P<0.05), higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The CFCP score increased in both groups after intervention, showing significant intra-group differences (both P<0.05), and the CFCP score was higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, Vm of the left side MCA increased in the control group (P<0.05), while no significant change was observed in RI (P>0.05); in the observation group, Vm of the left side MCA increased and RI decreased significantly compared with the baseline (both P<0.05), and were markedly different from those in the control group (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Acupuncture at the Governor Vessel acupoints plus language training can produce valid efficacy in treating motor aphasia after ischemic stroke; it can notably improve the language function, everyday oral communication ability, and increase cerebral perfusion of the patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of HRAS gene mutation and lymph node metastasis and ultrasonographic characteristics in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC).Methods:The clinical data of 162 patients with DTCs who underwent thyroidectomy and confirmed by postoperative pathological examination in Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2014 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 139 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC group) and 23 patients with follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC group); the PTC were further classified as classic variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CVPTC, n=34), follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC, n=36) and tall cell variant (TCV, n=69). Tissue HRAS mutation frequency was detected in 162 DTC patients and 19 patients with follicular adenoma (FA); blood HRAS mutation frequency was detected in 195 healthy subjects. The correlation between HRAS mutation (IVS1-82del gctgggcctggg) and cervical lymph node metastasis was analyzed, and the ultrasonographic characteristics of DTC patients were also analyzed. Results:The frequency of HRAS mutation in DTC patients was higher than that in healthy controls[37.0%(60/162) vs. 26.2%(51/195), χ2=4.538, P=0.03], while there was no significant difference between FTC and FA [39.1%(9/23) vs. 5/19, χ2=0.769, P=0.38]. In DTC patients there was no significant difference in cervical lymph node metastasis between HRAS mutation group and wild type group [57.3% (43/75) vs. 42.6% (32/75), χ2=1.898, P=0.16]. Among CVPTC, FVPTC and TCV patients, the rates of cervical lymph node metastasis were 7/12, 8/14 and 48.0% (12/25) in HRAS mutation group, while those were 50.0% (11/22), 40.9% (9/22) and 43.1% (19/44) in wild-type group, respectively (χ2=1.009, P=0.98).There were 9 patients with HRAS mutation in FTC group, and the cervical lymph node metastasis in mutation group and wild-type group was 5/9 and 4/14, respectively ( P=0.38). The ultrasonographic characteristics of PTC patients with HRAS mutation were more likely to have clear boundaries [66.7%(34/51) vs. 42.0%(37/88); χ 2=7.833, P<0.01] and not close to the membrane[84.3%(43/51) vs. 65.9%(58/88);χ2=5.506, P=0.02]. Conclusion:DTC patients are more likely to have HRAS (IVS1-82del gctgggcctggg) mutation, and the ultrasonic characteristics of DTC patients with HRAS mutation are likely to have clear boundaries and be not close to the membrane.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910568

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study and analyse the results of postoperative hemorrhage after laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD).Methods:The clinical data of patients who underwent LPD from May 2011 to December 2019 at Hunan Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics of patients, onset time of postoperative hemorrhage, location of postoperative hemorrhage, postoperative biliary fistula, pancreatic fistula, infection and other short-term complications, reoperation and mortality rates were analyzed.Results:Of 356 patients who underwent LPD in this study, there were 200 males and 156 females, aged (58.0±10.5) years. The postoperative complication rate was 33.1% (118/356), the reoperation rate was 6.5% (23/356), and the mortality rate was 2.5% (9/356). The most common complications were postoperative hemorrhage [15.2% (54/356)], pancreatic fistula [14.6%(52/356)] and abdominal infection [13.8%(49/356)]. The onset time of postoperative hemorrhage was usually in the 1st - 14th day, and the highest rate of postoperative hemorrhage was 3.9% (14/356) on the first day after surgery. The postoperative hemorrhage rate then showed a downward trend, but increased again on the 7th day. The extraluminal hemorrhage locations were relatively widely distributed, and the incidence of gastrointestinal anastomotic hemorrhage in patients with intraluminal hemorrhage was the highest [67.9%(19/28)]. Of the 9 patients who died, 7 were related to postoperative bleeding.Conclusions:LPD resulted in a high incidence of complications. Postoperative hemorrhage was a complication that had the greatest impact on short-term recovery of patients. It was also an important cause of reoperation and death. In addition to postoperative bleeding caused by pancreatic fistula, gastrointestinal anastomotic bleeding was also clinically important.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888045

ABSTRACT

Lycii Cortex, the dry root bark of Lycium barbarum(Solanaceae), is rich in chemical compositions with unique structures, such as organic acids, lipids, alkaloids, cyclopeptides and other components, and plays an important role in traditional Chinese medicine. It has the effect of cooling blood and removing steam, clearing lung and reducing fire. It is mainly used in the treatment of hot flashes due to Yin deficiency, hectic fever with night sweat, cough, hemoptysis and internal heat and diabetes. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the crude extract or monomer of Lycii Cortex has a variety of pharmacological activities, such as hypoglycemic, hypotensive, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, and antiviral effects. In this paper, the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Cortex Lycii were reviewed in order to further clarify its effective substances, promote the development of medical undertakings, and ensure the "Healthy China" plan.


Subject(s)
China , Hypoglycemic Agents , Lycium , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Bark
16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 156-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886026

ABSTRACT

The diseased location of rectal cancer in China is mainly in the middle and low rectum, and the proportion of young patients is increasing. As the surgical resection of primary tumor is still the cornerstone of rectal cancer treatment, it has become the hotspot in the treatment of low rectal cancer to preserve the anus after radical surgery. This paper reviews the research progress of sphincter-preserving treatment for low rectal cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the feasibility, safety and technique for laparoscopic anatomical liver resection of segment 8.Methods:The clinical data of 9 patients who underwent laparoscopic anatomical liver resection of segment 8 from January 2015 to December 2019 at Hunan Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 3 females, with age ranging from 29 to 67 years (average 53.6 years). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss , postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications, and long-term survival and recurrence rates on follow-up were analysed.Results:Laparoscopic anatomical liver resection of segment 8 was successfully carried out in these patients. The mean operative time was 188.9 min(range 140-240 min). The mean estimated intraoperative blood loss was 117.8 ml (range 20-300 ml). The postoperative hospital stay was 6.9 days (range 3-12 days). One patient developed pleural effusion after operation and responded to conservative treatment. Another patients developed ascites with delayed extubation. The patient was successfully treated with conservative treatment. No patients developed complications above Clavien Dindo Ⅲa. There were no perioperative deaths. The postoperative pathological results showed hepatocellular adenoma ( n=2), hepatocellular carcinoma ( n=4), cholangiocarcinoma ( n=1), and metastatic liver cancer ( n=2). On follow-up for 12-58 months (median 22 months) one patient with hepatocellular carcinoma developed recurrence at 18 months after operation and was treated with microwave ablation. The other patients were well on follow-up. Conclusions:With adequate preoperative evaluation, reasonable case selection, rigorous surgical planning, and skilled laparoscopic techniques, laparoscopic anatomical liver resection of segment 8 was safe and feasible, and the short-term efficacy was good in this study.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) in low-energy X-ray intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT), analyze its potential risks in IORT, and preliminarily explore the feasibility of FMEA in optimizing IORT management and reducing the occurrence of potential risks.Methods:An FMEA working group was established by the IORT team (1 radiologist, 1 radiology physicist, 2 surgeons, and 2 nurses) to apply the FMEA methodology to conduct a systematic risk assessment. The process modules were established, the potential failure modes and causes for each module were analyzed, the severity (SR), frequency of occurrence (OR) and likelihood of detection (DR) of failure modes were scored and the risk priority number (RPN) was calculated: RPN= SR × OR × DR. The possible errors and potential clinical impact of each part of the radiotherapy process were prospectively analyzed and understood, the causes and current measures were analyzed for each failure mode and preventive measures were proposed and risk management measures were taken accordingly.Results:The IORT process was divided into 8 modules with 14 failure modes. The highest OR value was unsatisfactory target area confirmation (7 points), the highest SR value was equipment failure to discharge the beam (10 points), the highest DR value was wrong key entry after dose calculation (7 points), the highest RPN values were unsatisfactory target area confirmation (210 points) and ineffective protection of endangered organs (180 points). Weaknesses were corrected according to priorities, workflows were optimized and more effective management methods were developed.Conclusion:FMEA is an effective method of IORT management and contributes to reducing the occurrence of potential risks.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879017

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of water extracts of Asplenium ruprechtii were investigated. Five compounds were isolated by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatographies and preparative HPLC, and their structures were identified by various spectral analyses as aspleniumside G(1), trans-p-coumaric acid(2), trans-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(3), cis-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(4), and(E)-ferulic acid-4-O-β-D-glucoside(5). Among them, compound 1 is a new 9,19-cycloartane glycoside.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Glycosides , Triterpenes
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of auricular point sticking therapy during the perioperative stage in the patients with partial lung resection.@*METHODS@#A total of 92 patients with partial lung resection were randomized into an auricular point group (31 cases, 1 case dropped off), the sham-auricular point group (30 cases) and a medication group (31 cases, 1 case dropped off). The routine medication for analgesia was provided in all of the three groups. In the auricular point group, 1 day before operation, the auricular point sticking therapy was applied at shenmen (TF@*RESULTS@#In 8, 16, 24, 48 h and 72 h after operation, VAS scores in the auricular point group were lower than those in the sham-auricular point group and the medication group separately (@*CONCLUSION@#Auricular point sticking therapy relieves perioperative pain, shortens analgesic time, releases anxious and depressive emotions and reduces postoperative adverse reaction in the patients with partial lung resection. The analgesic mechanism is probably related to the increase of plasma concentration of β-endorphin.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Humans , Lung , Pain , Pain Management
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