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1.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1598-1600,1604, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604005

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether intravenous injection of hydrogen‐rich saline having the protective effect on sodium taurocholate induced severe acute pancreatitis(SAP) associated lung injury(APALI) in rats and its possible mechanisms .Methods Fifty‐four healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into sham‐operation group (Sham group) ,model group (SAP+ NS group) and hydrogen water treatment group (SAP + HRS group) ,and each group was subdivided into 6 ,12 ,24 h subgroups .Six rats were killed at each time point for collecting serum ,lung tissue and pancreas tissue .Serum TNF‐αand IL‐1βlevels ,lung wet /dry weight ratio ,expression of TNF‐αmRNA and IL‐1βmRNA in the lung tissue were detected .The pathological evaluation of pancreas and lung tissue injury was performed .Results (1)The levels of TNF‐α and IL‐1β in serum ,pancreas and lung tissue pathological scores ,TNF‐αmRNA and IL‐1βmRNA expression levels in the lung tissue and lung wet dry weight ratio at the time points of 6 , 12 ,24 h in the SAP+NS group and the SAP+ HRS group were higher than those in the sham group (P<0 .05) .(2) Compared with the SAP+NS group ,the levels of serum TNF‐α,TNF‐αmRNA expression level in the lung tissue and lung wet dry weight ra‐tio at all time points in the SAP+ HRS group were lower(P<0 .05);the levels of serum IL‐1β,pancreas and lung tissue pathologi‐cal score and IL‐1β‐mRNA expression at 6 h in the lung tissue had no statistical difference between the SAP+NS group and SAP+HRS group ,but which at time points of 12 ,24 h in the SAP+ HRS group were lower than those in the SAP+NS group(P<0 .05) . Conclusion HRS realize the protection on APALI possibly via its elective anti‐oxidation action for inhibiting oxidative stress injury related cytokines expression .

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273581

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the influence factors on determining Tin concentration in air of workplaces with flame atomic absorption spectrometry and to establish an accurate, sensitive and high-efficient method.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The different reagents were used to digest the sampling filter membranes and the determining conditions of flame atomic absorption spectrometry were adjusted, then the determining results were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>When 3 ml hydrochloric acid and 0.5 ml nitric acid served as the digesting reagents and the determining conditions of flame atomic absorption spectrometry were adjusted to the best conditions, there was the good linearity in the tested concentration range of Tin, the correlation coefficient was larger than 0.9990. The limit of quantification was 1.0 p.g/ml. The extraction recovery was between 99.6%-102.6%, and the RSD were all less than 5.0%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The proper kinds and quantity of digestive reagents in pretreatment of the samples should be chosen for the accuracy and precision of the determination according to the influence factors of determination.</p>


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants, Occupational , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Methods , Tin , Workplace
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