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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928691

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of 18F-FDG PET/CT images of multiple myeloma secondary extramedullary infiltration in order to improve recognition.@*METHODS@#Twenty-one patients with multiple myeloma secondary extramedullary infiltration confirmed by pathology or follow-up from January 2012 to October 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging before treatment, and the PET/CT characteristics of extramedullary infiltration and bone marrow were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-one patients included 12 males and 9 females, aged from 41 to 77 years old, with an average of 58.3±10.0; 9 cases of extramedullary infiltration involving lymph nodes; lung, stomach, spleen, and kidney were involved respectively in 2 cases; retroperitoneal, right auricle, subcutaneous nodule, and spinal meninges involvement were reported in each one case respectively. The maximum SUVmax value of extra-medullary lesions was 21.2, the minimum value was 2.1, and mean was 7.7±5.3. The maximum SUVmax value of bone marrow was 33.5, the minimum was 2.4, and mean was 6.6±3.6. There was no statistically significant difference in SUVmax value between extra-medullary lesions and bone marrow (Z=-1.195, P=0.232).@*CONCLUSION@#18F-FDG PET/CT not only has a good diagnostic value for multiple myeloma, but also a good evaluation value for secondary extramedullary infiltration, which provides reference for clinical treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy and mechanism of Shugan Jianpi Jiedu prescription (SJJ) in the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer through <italic>in vitro</italic> cell experiments. Method:The following groups were set up in this study: a normal serum group,a pirarubicin group,and low-,medium-, and high-dose SJJ-medicated serum groups. Twenty SD rats were randomly divided into four groups and administered with SJJ solution (16.8,8.2,4.05 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and normal saline (equal volume) according to the body surface area to prepare serum. MDA-MB-231 cells were treated separately. The proliferation, migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells were detected by the cell counting kit-8(CCK-8),wound healing assay and transwell cell invasion assay. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K),protein kinase B (Akt), and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein expression levels in MDA-MB-231 cells were tested by the Western blot. Result:The cell proliferation in the three different doses of medicated serum groups and the pirarubicin positive control group was significantly inhibited as compared with that in the normal serum group(<italic>P</italic><0.01),and there was no statistical difference for this between the medium/high dose medicated serum group and the pirarubicin positive control group.The wound healing in the SJJ-medicated serum groups and the pirarubicin group was slowed down as compared with that in the normal serum group (<italic>P</italic><0.01),and the effect in the SJJ-medicated serum groups was weaker than that in the pirarubicin group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The number of cells invading the lower transwell chamber was decreased as compared with that in the normal serum group (<italic>P</italic><0.01),and there was no statistical difference between the medium-/high-dose SJJ-medicated serum groups and the pirarubicin group. Western blot results showed that 48 h after treatment,the PI3K,Akt, and mTOR expression levels in the cells of SJJ-medicated serum groups and the pirarubicin group were lower than those of the normal serum group(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The SJJ-medicated serum could inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells presumedly by down-regulating the protein expression levels in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of simultaneous heart valve surgery and coronary artery bypass surgery in the treatment of coronary heart disease with valvular disease.Methods:From January 2014 to January 2018, 60 patients with coronary heart disease and valvular heart disease who admitted to Zhejiang Lyucheng Cardiovascular Hospital were selected in the prospective study.According to the random number table method, they were randomly divided into two groups, with 30 cases in each group.The observation group underwent heart valve surgery and coronary artery bypass grafting at the same time, while the control group underwent heart valve surgery first and then coronary artery bypass grafting at intervals.The recovery after operation, cardiac function index, quality of life score and incidence of complications after operation were compared.Results:(1)The ICU monitoring time[(5.29±1.04)d], duration of mechanical ventilation[(3.95±0.98)d] and hospitalization time[(13.59±2.84)d] in the observation group were shorter than those in the control group( t=4.205, 4.015, 3.997, all P<0.05). (2) After treatment, the left ventricular ejection fraction[(49.36±6.25)%] and stroke output[(76.29±5.31)mL] of the observation group were higher than those of the control group ( t=4.066, 4.093, all P<0.05), and the level of brain natriuretic peptide[(378.32±27.82)ng/L] was lower than that of the control group ( t=4.152, P<0.05). (3) After treatment, the scores of physical health, mental health, living environment and social relations in the observation group were (89.47±8.69)points, (84.49±8.21)points, (88.16±9.24)points and (85.46±8.95)points, respectively, which were higher than those in the control group ( t=4.139, 3.753, 3.859, 4.389, all P<0.05). (4)The total incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was 3.33%(1/30), which was lower than 20.00%(6/30) in the control group (χ 2=4.043, P<0.05). Conclusion:Simultaneous heart valve surgery and coronary artery bypass grafting can reduce the postoperative complications of patients with coronary heart disease and heart valvular disease, accelerate the recovery rate and improve the heart function and quality of life.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio combined with platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR-PLR) score with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis in patients with colorectal cancer.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 178 patients with colorectal cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from January 2013 to December 2014 were collected. There were 101 males and 77 females, aged from 21 to 90 years, with an average age of 63 years. All patients underwent radical resection of colorectal cancer. Observation indicators: (1) cutoffs of NLR and PLR and correlation between them; (2) association between preoperative NLR-PLR score and clinicopathological characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer; (3) follow-up and survival; (4) analysis of the risk factors for prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer. Follow-up was performed once every 3 months using outpatient examination or telephone interview including tumor markers, computed tomography and enteroscopy to detect postoperative survival of patients up to June 2017. Overall survival time was defined as the date of surgery to the date of the last valid follow-up or the date of death. Measurement data with skewed distribution were expressed as M (range). Count data were expressed as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was performed using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was performed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve, and Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Results:(1) Cutoffs of NLR and PLR and correlation between them. Receiver working characteristics of NLR and PLR showed that the NLR had a cutoff of 2.7 [area under curve (AUC)=0.739, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 0.638-0.841, P<0.05] and PLR had a cutoff of 246 (AUC=0.640, 95% CI: 0.521-0.758, P<0.05). There was a correlation between NLR and PLR ( r=0.712, P<0.05). (2) Association between preoperative NLR-PLR score and clinicopathological characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer. Results of preoperative NLR-PLR score showed that the NLR-PLR score was 0, 1, and 2 in 99, 52, and 27 patients, respectively. There were significant differences in tumor diameter, degree of tumor invasion, TNM staging, Dukes staging, and distant metastasis between patients with different preoperative NLR-PLR scores ( χ2=11.294, 10.816, 9.802, 9.525, 8.759, P<0.05). (3) Follow-up and survival: 178 patients were followed up for 1-53 months, with a median follow-up time of 37 months. The average survival time was 37 months for all the 178 patients, 50 months for 99 patients with NLR-PLR score of 0, 44 months for 52 patients with NLR-PLR score of 1, and 35 months for 27 patients with NLR-PLR score of 2. There was a significant difference in survival time between patients with NLR-PLR score of 0 and patients with NLR-PLR score of 1 ( χ2=6.388, P<0.05), between patients with NLR-PLR score of 0 and patients with NLR-PLR score of 2 ( χ2=26.388, P<0.05), between patients with NLR-PLR score of 1 and patients with NLR-PLR score of 2 ( χ2=5.350, P<0.05). (4) Analysis of the risk factors for prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer. Results of univariate analysis showed that degree of tumor invasion, TNM staging, Dukes staging, distant metastasis, NLR-PLR score, and platelet-NLR score were related factors for prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer [ hazard ratio ( HR)=2.439, 2.472, 2.221, 9.020, 2.671, 2.099, 95% CI: 1.443-4.124, 1.413-4.323, 1.282-3.849, 4.449-18.082, 1.742-4.097, 1.339-3.290, P<0.05]. Results of multivariate analysis showed that degree of tumor invasion, distant metastasis, and NLR-PLR score were independent factors for prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer ( HR=2.045, 5.641, 2.271, 95% CI: 1.051-3.979, 2.590-12.288, 1.185-4.354, P<0.05). Conclusions:The preoperative NLR-PLR score is associated with tumor diameter, degree of tumor invasion, TNM staging, Dukes staging, and distant metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer. Patients with higher score have larger tumor diameter, higher degree of tumor invasion, higher stage, and easier distant metastasis. Preoperative NLR-PLR score can effectively evaluate the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer. Patients with higher NLR-PLR score have shorter survival time. The NLR-PLR score is an independent influencing factor for prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children aged <18 years.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed from the medical data of 23 children, aged from 3 months to 17 years and 8 months, who were diagnosed with COVID-19 in Jiangxi, China from January 21 to February 29, 2020.@*RESULTS@#Of the 23 children with COVID-19, 17 had family aggregation. Three children (13%) had asymptomatic infection, 6 (26%) had mild type, and 14 (61%) had common type. Among these 23 children, 16 (70%) had fever, 11 (48%) had cough, 8 (35%) had fever and cough, and 8 (35%) had wet rales in the lungs. The period from disease onset or the first nucleic acid-positive detection of SARS-CoV-2 to the virus nucleic acid negative conversion was 6-24 days (median 12 days). Of the 23 children, 3 had a reduction in total leukocyte count, 2 had a reduction in lymphocytes, 2 had an increase in C-reactive protein, and 2 had an increase in D-dimer. Abnormal pulmonary CT findings were observed in 12 children, among whom 9 had patchy ground-glass opacities in both lungs. All 23 children received antiviral therapy and were recovered.@*CONCLUSIONS@#COVID-19 in children aged <18 years often occurs with family aggregation, with no specific clinical manifestation and laboratory examination results. Most of these children have mild symptoms and a good prognosis. Epidemiological history is of particular importance in the diagnosis of COVID-19 in children aged <18 years.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Betacoronavirus , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Coronavirus Infections , Humans , Infant , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798816

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the curative effect of auricular deformity repaired by concha cartilage.@*Methods@#From January 2017 to June 2018, 15 cases with auricular deformities were repaired using the autologous concha cartilage which combined with the retroauricular flap or retroauricular fascia with skin grafting. 9 males and 6 females, aged 10-40 with an average age of 19; 3 cases of upper 1/3 traumatic auricle defect, 2 cases of congenital Stahl's ear, 5 cases of congenital cup-shaped ear and 5 cases of congenital cryptotia.@*Results@#Total 15 patients were followed up for 12-18 months after the surgery. The area of concha cartilage resection was about 0.5 cm×1.0 cm. The shape and size of the repaired ears were similar to the healthy ear. The transplanted cartilages were not absorbed or deformed. The incision was healed well and retroauricular flap, retroauricular fascia, and skin grafting were preserved well without complications like hemorrhage, necrosis, and infection.@*Conclusions@#This method is harmless and simple, which has reliable and satisfactory effects on various auricular deformities.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798815

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study collected and analyzed data from patients with microtia in multiple clinical centers to obtain the incidence characteristics of microtia in Chinese.@*Methods@#Data from 746 patients with microtia were collected from six hospitals, including theThird Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital, the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Weihai Municipal Hospital, West China Hospital Sichuan University, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2016 to December 2017. These data included the results of physical examination and the results of auxiliary examination such as electrocardiogram, chest CT, and abdominal ultrasound. Then, the accompanying malformations of the microtia were statistically analyzed and discussed. Data were entered and processed using SPSS 19.0 statistical software. The relationship between microtia deformities and associated malformations was analyzed by Pearson χ2 test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*Results@#A total of 746 patients with microtia were included, including 513 males and 233 females, aged 5-27 years old. There were 678 cases of unilateral microtia, 68 cases of bilateral microtia; 128 cases of Ⅰ degree, 564 cases of Ⅱ degree, and 54 cases of Ⅲ degree. In addition, 336 cases (45%) were associated with dysplasia of other systems. Detected anomalies were 321 cases of the ear, face, and neck, 261 cases of musculoskeletal system and 76 cases of cardiovascular system, 30 cases of anomalies of the urogenital system, eye, 27 cases of respiratory system, 7 cases of central nervous system, 5 case of digestive system and 1case of diaphragmatic hernia. The proportion of male and female with microtia was 47.0% (241/513) and 40.8% (95/233), respectively, and there was no significant difference in between (χ2=2.493, P=0.114); The composition ratios of unilateral and bilateral associated malformations were 45.7% (310/678) and 38.2% (26/68 ), and there was no significant difference in between (χ2=1.400, P=0.237); The composition ratios of Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ degree-associated malformations were 39.8% (51/128), 42.6% (240/564), and 83.3% (45/54), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2= 34.794, P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#Microtia has significant clinical heterogeneity with a higher proportion of associated malformations. A higher incidence of associated deformities in patients with severe microtia was observed. Systematic examination is required, which will be helpful to clinical therapy and etiology analysis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805728

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of using Prkralear-3J mouse (also known as: little ears 3 Jackson) as an animal model in the study of congenital microtia.@*Methods@#Six Prkralear-3J mice of the same litter were introduced from JAX laboratory in the United States. 13 pregnant Prkralear-3J mice were obtained through breeding. A total of 75 fetus tails with gestational age of 14.5 days were obtained, and DNA was extracted and sequenced by Sanger method. Three pregnant mice were normally produced, and the young mice were routinely reared after birth. Three 40-day-old mice with auricle deformity and normal auricle were used respectively to perform skeletal alcian blue staining and comparative analysis.@*Results@#The auricle of Prkralear-3J homozygous mice was significantly smaller than that of the wild-type mice, and the substructure morphology of the normal mouse auricle was lost. The mutation site was a G-to-A mutation on chromosome 76, 643, 218 bp (GRCm38), which was located after the third exon. The results of alcian blue staining showed that the overall body size of Prkralear-3J homozygous mouse was smaller than that of wild type mouse, and the bone development of limbs was basically normal, but it was thin and short, especially in the hind limbs, the ribs were smaller, the tailbone was shorter, and the skull was slightly smaller.@*Conclusions@#The Prkralear-3J mouse is a suitable animal model for studying the developmental mechanism of congenital microtia.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804854

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA(lncRNA) uc003jsd.1 in congenital microtia and its clinical significance.@*Methods@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expression of lncRNA-NR_028308 in the residual ear cartilage and normal ear cartilage of 8 patients with microtia.@*Results@#The expression of uc003jsd.1 was significantly higher in the residual ear cartilage (P=0.015) than paired normal tissues.@*Conclusions@#LncRNA-uc003jsd.1 is up-regulated in the cartilage of the congenital microtia, suggesting a certain relationship with the development of congenital microtia.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804737

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Bioinformatics methods were used to annotate the suspicious pathogenic genes of congenital microtia in detail, and construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks to clarify the function and interaction of pathogenic genes, so as to predict the potential pathogenic genes.@*Methods@#The pathogenic genes of congenital microtia were searched using the mouse genome informatics (MGI). The results were summarized into the STRING database to construct PPI networks. The Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were carried out.@*Results@#Sixty-eight congenital microtia-related pathogenic genes such as FGF8, EYA1 and HOXA2 were searched by MGI. The PPI network contained 65 nodes and 174 edges. The average node degree was 5.35. The clustering coefficient was 0.437 and the PPI enrichment P = 0. The key node proteins were screened in PPI networks. The top ten were CTNNB1, FGF8, EGFR, BCL2, PAX6, FGF3, FGF10, WNT5A, FGFR1 and MAPK1. GO analysis and KEGG pathway analysis showed: the pathogenic genes were involved in the biological process of ear morphogenesis, ear development and embryonic organ morphogenesis. They also get involved in the molecular regulation, including sequence-specific DNA binding and regulatory region DNA binding. Expression of different genes were located in nucleus and other sub-microscopic cell components. Pathogenic genes were also involved in cancer pathway, melanoma, MAPK signaling pathways, RAS signaling pathways and other signaling pathways.@*Conclusions@#By using bioinformatics tools, we constructed the PPI networks of the congenital microtia pathogenic genes, and obtained detailed GO enrichment and KEGG pathway data. The key nodes contained the confirmed pathogenic genes of congenital microtia, which preliminarily proved the feasibility of the bioinformatics method in this study. We found some nodes were closely linked with FGF and WNT, which may be potential mutant genes of congenital microtia, although further study is needed.

11.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1258-1262, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800220

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the construction of Bmp5 short ear homozygous mouse model and the feasibility of its application in the study of congenital microtia.@*Methods@#Twelve Bmp5 short-ear mouse were introduced from JAX laboratory in the United States. Ten pregnant Bmp5 short-ear mouse were obtained by breeding. DNA was extracted from the tail of 86 fetal rats aged 14.5 days and sequenced by Sanger method. Three pregnant mice were born normally, and the young mouse was fed conventionally. Three 40-day-old mice with auricle deformity and normal auricle were stained with Alcian blue, and the result were compared and analyzed.@*Results@#The auricle of Bmp5 short ear homozygous mouse was significantly shorter than that of their sibling normal auricles. Sanger sequencing showed that the point mutation of Bmp5 was the seventh base at the bottom of exon 2, and the base mutated from C to T. The result of Alcianblue staining showed that the size of homozygous mutant mouse was small and the development of sternum and ribs was obviously abnormal.@*Conclusions@#The model of Bmp5 short ear mouse can be completely suitable for the study of human congenital microtia. The model of Bmp5 short ear mouse is a suitable animal model to study the development mechanism of congenital microtia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771504

ABSTRACT

Ten fractions(A-J) were prepared by separation of Longxue Tongluo Capsules(LTC) by using silica gel column chromatography and orthogonal experimental design,showing similar chemical profiles with different abundances of peaks.These ten samples were assessed with UHPLC-QE OrbitrapHRMS for 97 common peaks.For the pharmacological activity experiment,three kinds of in vitro cell models including lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced BV-2 microglial cells NO release model,oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation(OGD/R)-treated HUVEC vascular endothelial cells injury model,and OGD/R-treated PC-12 nerve cells injury model were employed to evaluated the bioactivity of each fraction.Based on the contribution of each identified component,grey relation analysis and partial least squares(PLS) analysis were performed to establish component-activity relationship of LTC,identify the potential active components.After that,validation of the potential active components in LTC was carried out by using the same models.The results indicated that 4 phenolic compounds including 7,4'-dihydroxyhomoisoflavanone,loureirin C,4,4'-dihydroxy-2,6-dimethoxydihydrochalcone,and homoisosocotrin-4'-ol,might be the active components for anti-neuroinflammation effect;five phenolic compounds such as 3,5,7,4'-tetrahydroxyhomoisoflavanone,loureirin D,7,4'-dihydroxyhomoisoflavane,and 5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxy-8-methyflavane,might have positive effects on the vascular endothelial injury;three phenolic compounds including 5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavanone,7,4'-dihydroxy-5-methoxyhomoisoflavane,and loureirin D,might be the active components in LTC against neuronal injury.


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Capsules , Cell Line , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glucose , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Microglia , Oxygen
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707096

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the volatile components in Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different regions of Gansu Province and its growing environment with metabolomics based on GC-MS. Methods The GC-MS method was used for detecting the volatile components in Angelicae Sinensis Radix from 31 different regions in Gansu province, and principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS) methods were used for analyzing and evaluating its relationship with the growing environment. Results The results of PCA showed that the volatile components in Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different regions in Gansu province were related to the altitude and the soil types. The PLS method could divide 31 samples of Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different regions in Gansu Province into three groups according to the difference of altitude. There were significant differences in the volatile components in the samples taken at different altitude regions. After analyzing linear loading plots from PCA and PLS, 11 charateristic components were screened out, including 7 compounds were identified by the retrieval of NIST11 database. Conclusion The volatile components in Angelicae Sinensis Radix from different regions in Gansu Province are closely related to the altitude and the soil type.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 144-148, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701286

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemic status of principal human parasites, so as to provide scientific evidence for making prevention countermeasures for Guangdong Province in the future. Methods In 2015, a survey was performed according to the scheme of "The 3rd National Survey of Principal Human Parasites"as well as the incidence of parasites disease in Guangdong Province,the residents at 48 investiation sites in counties were surveyed. The survey of the soil-transmitted nematodes (Ascariasis, Ancylostoma, Trichuris trichiura and Enterobius vermicularis) and intestinal protozoa were performed based on the ecological regions and stratified by economic and geographic situation.The survey of food borne Clonorchis sinensis was performed along with the soil-transmitted nematodes in rural areas, and it was performed by the sample method of random cluster in cities and towns.The residents in each investigation site as the object, the ovum of the soil-transmitted nematodes, Clonorchis sinensis and other helminths were examed by the modified Kato-Katz method, test tube filter paper was used to identify Hookwormspecies, and the intestinal protozoa was checked by direct smear method. The transparent tape anal swabs method for children aged 3 - 6 years to check Enterobius vermicularis. Results Totally 12 401 residents of 48 survey sites from 22 counties were surveyed, and the total infection rate of intestinal parasites was 8.29%(1 028/12 401). The infection rate of soil-transmitted nematodes was 3.39% (420/12 401),in which the infection rate of Ascariasis, Ancylostoma, Trichuris trichiura and Enterobius vermicularis were 0.52% (64/12 401), 1.89%(234/12 401),0.46%(57/12 401),and 0.52%(65/12 401),respectively.The infection rate of Clonorchis sinensis was 4.90%(608/12 401). Nine hundred and sixty-seven children were tested for eggs of Enterobius vermicularis with the infection rate of 12.41% (120/967). The number of hook larva culture was 153, among them, 140 were hookworm larvae of America and no duodenal hookworm larvae and other nematode species were found.Totally 9 309 residents were tested for intestinal protozoa infection,and the infection rate was 0.31%(29/9 309). Conclusion In Guangdong Province, the infection rate of soil-transmitted nematodes is decreasing while the infection rate of Clonorchis sinensis is still high, and the control work of parasites still should be strengthened especially for food borne parasitic diseases.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696536

ABSTRACT

Cardiac diastolic dysfunction (CDD)means impaired relaxation and compliance decrease of the heart,resulting a filling dysfunction of left ventricle and even cardiac remodeling.However,the systolic functions are usually normal.At present,original articles of CDD are studied less,but epidemiological studies do showed that the inci-dence of CDD is common in the population,also,CDD showed strong correlation with all cause mortality.Without treat-ment,CDD may progress into diastolic heart failure,recently,as known as heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).Therefore,strengthen the understanding of CDD is significant in decreasing its incidence and improving CDD's prognosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807501

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#To explore the differences in signal pathway and gene expression related to the pathogenesis of congenital microtia by the in-depth analysis of DNA methylation profiling of auricular chondrocytes from congenital microtia patients.@*Methods@#Genome wide methylation profile of congenital microtia was obtained by MeDIP chip technology, and analyzed by Gene ontology (GO) and Pathway analysis. The gene expression levels of Wnt1 and Wnt11 were evaluated by Real-time PCR in the auricular cartilage from the healthy side and affected side of the congenital microtia patients , and healthy controls.@*Results@#The GO and Pathway assay showed that Wnt signal pathway was enriched in differential methylated levels. The Wnt1 and Wnt11 genes were with higher methylation in the promoter region and CpG islands in healthy control group than that in microtia group, in addition the methylation level in the affected side auricular cartilage was lower than that in the healthy side. There was no difference in Wnt1 and Wnt11 gene expression in microtia patients and healthy controls. The higher Wnt11 gene expression was detected in the affected side residual cartilage tissues than in the healthy side cartilage tissues of the same congenital microtia patient.@*Conclusions@#The over expression of Wnt11 during embryonic development might be associated with the pathogenesis of congenital microtia. The mechanism of the difference in methylation levles of Wnt11 affecting pathogenesis of congenital microtia needs further research.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807351

ABSTRACT

Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum(OAVS)is one of common birth defects, which involves primarily optical, aural, maxillomandibular and spinal abnormal development. To date, the hereditary basis of OAVS has been generally accepted, but the responsible gene remains unclear. This article reviewed the possible etiology of OAVS in chromosome analysis, genome copy number detection, gene identification and mouse model, and analyzed the strategy for OAVS research.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806674

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the curative effect of ultra-delicate split-thickness skin graft in continuity with full-thickness skin flap combined with Z-plasty for correction of cryptotia.@*Methods@#Four cases (six ears) were corrected by ultra-delicate split-thickness skin graft in continuity with full-thickness skin flap combined with Z-plasty method from 2016 to 2017. Following ear release, the flap is rotated into the defect and donor site covered by a razor-thin graft raised in continuity with the flap, the posterior flap was advanced and sutured with Z-plasty.@*Results@#All corrected auricles four cases (six ears) were followed up from 3 months to 1 year and abtained satisfactory and stable appearance.@*Conclusions@#The shape of auricle is natural and satisfactory after operation. The method is simple and no skin grafting is needed. The adhesion of the hidden muscles and cartilages were sufficiently released.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806532

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical effect of using the composite flap of microtic cartilage and soft tissue in tragus reconstruction to correct preauricular depression.@*Methods@#From January 2015 to November 2016, we corrected preauricular depression of 523 patients with congenital microtia that were treated with tragus reconstruction by using the composite flap of residual ear cartilage and soft tissue.@*Results@#All the composite flap of residual ear cartilage and soft tissue were transplanted successfully. No blood circulation disorder and significant contracture occurred. All patients were followed up for 6-14 months with an average of 10 months. The reconstructed tragus looked projective and the preauricular depression was corrected, demonstrating a similar looking to the healthy side. The patients were satisfied with the results.@*Conclusions@#The residual ear tissue could form the composite flap of residual ear cartilage and tissue. Using the composite flap to fill the preauricular depression was effective, which was not easily absorbed. The residual ear tissue is the best resource for filling the preauricular depression. It should not be discarded in ear reconstructive surgery, but reserved for the next operation for tragus reconstruction.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806223

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify a pig model with bilateral external ear defects accompanied by aural atresia and investigate its application in plastic surgery.@*Methods@#Erhualian×Shaziling F2 pig inbreeding population was introduced, and examination of external ear morphology was conducted in all individuals. Temporal computed tomography scanning and mutational detection of HOXA1 gene were conducted in one affected and one normal individuals.@*Results@#In Erhualian×Shaziling F2 pig inbreeding population, there were 57 normal and 18 affected individuals among the 75 pigs. Affected subjects presented bilateral external ear defects accompanied by aural atresia; temporal computed tomography scanning showed bilateral aural atresia and dysplasiaof middle ear; and gene detection identified homozygous mutation of HOXA1 gene.@*Conclusions@#Pig model with HOXA1 gene homozygous mutation resembles human microtia at different levels. Our findings provide the theoretical basis for its application to study further pathological mechanism for human microtia.

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