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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908511

ABSTRACT

Intersphincteric resection (ISR) is a limited sphincter preserving surgery for low rectal cancer. The 4K laparoscopic system has the advantage of enhancing the accurate recognition of anatomical structures for operators. The authors investigate the imaging evaluation and technical standard of 4K laparoscopic ISR of low rectal cancer through surgical examples.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880419

ABSTRACT

This paper introduced a liver normothermic machine perfusion repair and assessment system. This system consists of a liver normothermic machine perfusion device, a fluorescence imaging system and a tissue oxygen detector. The normothermic machine perfusion device can continuously perfuse the donor liver and monitor and control the perfusion parameters in real time. The fluorescence imaging system can detect the indocyanine green metabolized by the liver to evaluate the microcirculation and the metabolism function of hepatocytes. The tissue oxygen detector can monitor the change of oxygen partial pressure of liver tissue in real time to evaluate the state of cell oxygen consumption.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Living Donors , Organ Preservation , Perfusion
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the dynamic molecular expression characteristics of single cell RNA binding proteins (RBPs) in the development of mouse embryonic hematopoitic stem cells (HSCs), and obtain the functional research target RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1, to clarify the function of Mbnl1 involved in regulating mouse embryonic HSC development.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics was used to analyze the single-cell transcriptome data of mouse embryos during HSC development, and the single-cell RBP dynamic molecular expression maps in HSC development was obtained. Mbnl1 was obtained by combining differential analysis and literature research screening. The Mbnl1-knockout mouse model was constructed by the CRISPER/Cas9 technology. Aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) and yolk sac (YS) tissue in two genotype embryos of Mbnl1@*RESULTS@#The in vitro CFU-C experiment of hematopoietic cells preliminarily indicated that there was no significant difference in the number of cell colonies in AGM region and YS transformed by the two genotypes of Mbnl1@*CONCLUSION@#Through functional experiments in vivo and in vitro, it has been confirmed that knockout of the RNA splicing factor--Mbnl1 does not affect the development of HSPC in AGM region of mouse embryo.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA-Binding Proteins , Gonads , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mesonephros , Mice , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Yolk Sac
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study our initial experience on feasibility and safety of magnetic compression anastomosis in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the data of 7 patients who underwent LPD with laparoscopic magnetic compression choledochojejunostomy (LMC-CJ) or pancreaticojejunostomy (LMC-PJ) at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from May 2018 to September 2019. There were 6 males and 1 female. The median age of patients was 63 (56-83) years. Data analyzed included the model of the magnetic anastomosis device, operation time of the LMC-CJ or LMC-PJ, other operation-related parameters, postoperative complications, time to perform magnetic anastomosis, and time of discharge of the magnet from patients’ body.Results:All 7 patients completed LPD successfully, including 7 LMC-CJ and 2 LMC-PJ. The median operation time was 340 (310-450) minutes. The median diameter of the biliary-enteric magnetic anastomosis ring used was 10 (9-12) mm, and the median time of the biliary-enteric magnetic anastomosis was 11 (8-16) min. The diameter of the pancreaticojejunal magnetic anastomosis ring was 5 mm in the two anastomoses, and the times taken were 12 min and 15 min. Complications occurred in 4 patients, including 1 patient each for grade A and grade B pancreatic fistula, 2 patients with abdominal infection, 2 patients with postoperative gastric emptying disorder, and 1 patient with abdominal hemorrhage. All patients responded to conservative treatment. There was no biliary or pancreatic fistula at the magnetic anastomoses. Pancreaticojejunostomy functioned at 24 and 30 days after operation. The median time for the magnets to pass out from the body of all patients was 50 (40-170) days. The median follow-up was 11 (4-18) months. No biliary-enteric or pancreaticojejunostomy stenosis was detected.Conclusion:Magnetic compressive anastomosis was simple, feasible, and safe for choledochojejunostomy or pancreaticojejunostomy in LPD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors for the number of lymph node harvested after Da Vinci robotic and laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 1 396 patients who underwent Da Vinci robotic or laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from December 2014 to July 2019 were collected. There were 991 males and 405 females, aged (60±11) years. Surgery using Da Vinci robotic system or laparoscopic system was completed according to patients' wishes. Cases with early gastric cancer underwent D 1+ lymphadenectomy and cases with advanced gastric cancer underwent standard D 2 lymphadenectomy. Observation indicators: (1) intraoperative situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) influencing factors for the number of lymph node harvested after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer; (4) follow-up and survival. Follow-up using outpatient examination or telephone interview was performed to detect survival of patients up to October 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Univariate analysis was done using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Multivariate analysis was performed using Logistic regression model. The survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Results:(1) Intraoperative situations: all the 1 396 patients underwent radical gastrectomy, including 415 cases undergoing Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy and 981 cases undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. Thirty-five of the 1 396 patients were converted to open surgery, including 5 cases undergoing Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy and 30 cases undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. Of the 1 396 patients, 983 cases underwent distal gastrectomy, 400 cases underwent total gastrectomy and 13 cases underwent proximal gastrectomy, among which 597 cases underwent Billroth Ⅰ anastomosis, 385 cases underwent Billroth Ⅱ anastomosis, 401 cases underwent Roux-en-Y anastomosis and 13 cases underwent residual stomach-esophagus anastomosis. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss and cases with intraoperative blood transfusion were (221±51)minutes, (201±81)mL, 24 of 415 cases undergoing Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy, and (196±42)minutes, (232±76)mL, 75 of 981 cases undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy, respectively. (2) Postoperative situations: the time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative initial liquid food intake and duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 1 396 patients were (3.0±1.0) days, (4.2±1.5) days and (9.0±3.8) days, respectively. Two hundred and ten of the 1 396 patients had postoperative complications including 170 cases with grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ complications and 40 cases with grade Ⅲ-Ⅴ complications. Eight of the 210 patients with postoperative complications died of serious complica-tions and the other 202 cases were cured after symptomatic treatment. Results of postoperative histopathological examination showed that there were 958 cases of adenocarcinoma, 220 cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma, and 218 cases of signet ring cell carcinoma. The number of lymph node harvested and the number of positive lymph node of the 1 396 patients were 26.0±8.3 and 3.6±0.9, respectively, and cases with the number of lymph node harvested ≥16 or <16 were 1 312 and 84. (3) Influencing factors for the number of lymph node harvested after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer: results of univariate analysis showed that the operating surgeon, operation method, range of gastric resection, nerve invasion, degree of tumor invasion and tumor pathological N stage were related factors influencing the number of lymph node harvested after Da Vinci robotic and laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer ( χ2=13.167, 6.029, 15.686, 5.573, 9.402, 17.139, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that the operating surgeon, operation method, range of gastric resection and tumor pathological N stage were independent factors influencing the number of lymph node harvested after Da Vinci robotic and laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer ( odds ratio=1.589, 2.018, 1.787, 0.267, 95% confidence interval as 1.221?2.068, 1.140?3.570, 1.066?2.994, 0.103?0.689, P<0.05). (4) Follow-up and survival: of the 1 396 patients, 1 256 cases were followed up for 2 to 70 months, with a median follow-up time of 27 months. The 3-year cumulative survival rate of the 1 256 cases was 70.2%. Conclusion:The operating surgeon, operation method, range of gastric resection and tumor pathological N stage are independent factors influencing the number of lymph node harvested after Da Vinci robotic and laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922772

ABSTRACT

Buxue Yimu Pill (BYP) is a classic gynecological medicine in China, which is composed of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, Leonurus japonicus Houtt, Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge, Colla corii asini and Citrus reticulata Blanco. It has been widely used in clinical therapy with the function of enriching Blood, nourishing Qi, and removing blood stasis. The current study was designed to determine the bioactive molecules and therapeutic mechanism of BYP against hemorrhagic anemia. Herein, GC-MS and UPLC/Q-TOF-MS/MS were employed to identify the chemical compounds from BYP. The genecards database (https: //www.genecards.org/) was used to obtain the potential target proteins related to hemorrhagic anemia. Autodock/Vina was adopted to evaluate the binding ability of protein receptors and chemical ligands. Gene ontology and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were conducted using the ClusterProfiler. As a result, a total of 62 candidate molecules were identified and 152 targets related to hemorrhagic anemia were obtained. Furthermore, 34 active molecules and 140 targets were obtained through the virtual screening experiment. The data of molecular-target (M-T), target-pathway (T-P), and molecular-target-pathway (M-T-P) network suggested that 32 active molecules enhanced hematopoiesis and activated the immune system by regulating 57 important targets. Pharmacological experiments showed that BYP significantly increased the counts of RBC, HGB, and HCT, and significantly down-regulated the expression of EPO, IL-6, CSF3, NOS2, VEGFA, PDGFRB, and TGFB1. The results also showed that leonurine, leonuriside B, leosibiricin, ononin, rutin, astragaloside I, riligustilide and levistolide A, were the active molecules closely related to enriching Blood. In conclusion, based on molecular docking, network pharmacology and validation experiment results, the enriching blood effect of BYP on hemorrhagic anemia may be associated with hematopoiesis, anti-inflammation, and immunity enhancement.


Subject(s)
Anemia/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction of anterior and pterygoid implants in the rehabilitation of edentulous maxilla with posterior atrophy.@*METHODS@#Given a minimum follow-up of 1 year, 25 patients with fixed maxillary rehabilitation over anterior and pterygoid implants were enrolled in this retrospective study. The implant survival rates, peri-implant soft tissue status (including probing depth, modified sulcus bleeding index, and plaque index), marginal bone loss, and patient satisfaction were measured.@*RESULTS@#The survival rates for anterior and pterygoid implants at 1-year follow-up were 96.5% and 97.8%, respectively (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For the edentulous maxilla with posterior atrophy, full-arch fixed prostheses supported by anterior and pterygoid implants has an acceptable short-term clinical outcome and excellent patient satisfaction. It may be considered as a predictable and feasible method for maxillary rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Atrophy/pathology , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Maxilla/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term outcomes of Da Vinci robotic versus laparoscopic and open surgery for locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).Methods:The propensity score matching and retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 404 patients with locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG who underwent radical gastrectomy in the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University from January 2009 to April 2019 were collected. There were 331 males and 73 females, aged from 34 to 90 years, with a median age of 62 years. Of the 404 patients, 104 undergoing Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy were allocated into robotic group, 205 undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy were allocated into laparoscopic group, and 95 undergoing open radical gastrectomy were allocated into open group. Observation indicators: (1) the propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data among the three groups after propensity score matching; (2) surgical situations; (3) intraoperative lymph node dissection; (4) postoperative situations; (5) postoperative complications; (6) follow-up. Patients were followed up at postoperative 1 month by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect survival and severe complications up to June 2019. The propensity score matching was used to perform 1∶2∶1 nearest neighbor matching by SPSS 23.0 and R software 3.6.1 Matchit among the robotic group, laparoscopic group and open group. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison among groups was done using one-way ANOVA analysis. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison was done using the Kruskal-Wallis H test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison among groups was done using the chi-square test. Results:(1) The propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data among the three groups after propensity score matching: 312 of 404 patients had successful matching, including 78 in the robotic group, 156 in the laparoscopic group, and 78 in the open group. The age, cases in G1, G2, G3 (histopathological classification) and cases with proximal gastrectomy or total gastrectomy (surgical resection range) before matching were (62.2±1.0)years, 0, 37, 67, 13, 91 in the robotic group, (60.9±8.1)years, 0, 98, 107, 31, 174 in the laparoscopic group, and (58.5±9.8)years, 1, 32, 62, 27, 68 in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( F=4.269, 6.356, χ2=10.416, P<0.05). The above indicators after matching were (61.2±10.8)years, 0, 28, 50, 12, 66 in the robotic group, (60.7±8.0)years, 0, 56, 100, 25, 131 in the laparoscopic group, and (60.7±8.4)years, 0, 25, 53, 18, 60 in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( F=0.074, 0.379, χ2=2.141, P>0.05). (2) Surgical situations: the surgical time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, length of surgical incision, length of proximal margin after matching were 300.0 minutes(range, 188.0-420.0 minutes), 137.5 mL(range, 50.0-400.0 mL), 6.0 cm(range, 3.0-12.0 cm), 2.5 cm(range, 1.5-5.5 cm) in the robotic group, 276.0 minutes(range, 180.0-400.0 minutes), 150.0 mL(range, 40.0-800.0 mL), 6.0 cm(range, 3.0-12.0 cm), 3.0 cm(range, 1.0-5.0 cm) in the laparoscopic group, and 244.5 minutes(range, 125.0-461.0 minutes), 200.0 mL(range, 55.0-800.0 mL), 20.0 cm(range, 18.0-25.0 cm), 2.0 cm(range, 1.0-5.5 cm) in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=27.619, 30.069, 179.367, 11.560, P<0.05). (3) Intraoperative lymph node dissection: the number of lymph node dissected, the number of lymph node dissected in the first station, the number of diaphragmatic and periesophageal lymph node dissected were 30.5(range, 10.0-70.0), 18.0(range, 6.0-42.0), 4.0(range, 0-13.0) in the robotic group, 29.0(range, 12.0-79.0), 19.0(range, 6.0-47.0), 5.0(range, 0-15.0) in the laparoscopic group, and 29.0(range, 18.0-58.0), 18.0(range, 12.0-38.0), 5.0(range, 0-8.0) in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=3.676, 1.014, 0.827, P>0.05). The number of lymph node dissected in the second station, the number of lymph node dissected in the superior pancreatic region, the number of No.110 lymph node dissected, the number of No.111 lymph node dissected after matching were 9.0(range, 2.0-30.0), 9.0(range, 2.0-30.0), 1.0(range, 0-4.0), 0(range, 0-3.0) in the robotic group, 6.5(range, 0-25.0), 7.0(range, 0-25.0), 0(range, 0-3.0), 0(range, 0-4.0) in the laparoscopic group, and 6.5(range, 0-19.0), 6.5(range, 0-19.0), 0(range, 0-1.0), 0(range, 0-1.0) in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=19.027, 24.368, 19.236, 11.147, P<0.05). (4) Postoperative situations: the time to first flatus, time to initial out-of-bed activities, duration of postoperative hospital stay, treatment expenses after matching were 3 days(range, 2-5 days), 2 days(range, 1-4 days), 9 days(range, 5-20 days), 10.6×10 4 yuan [range, (5.4-18.0)×10 4 yuan] in the robotic group, 3 days(range, 2-8 days), 2 days(range, 1-7 days), 9 days(range, 6-56 days), 8.6×10 4 yuan[range, (5.7-40.8)×10 4 yuan] in the laparoscopic group, and 4 days(range, 2-10 days), 4 days(range, 2-10 days), 11 days(range, 8-41 days), 8.4×10 4 yuan[range, (5.8-15.2)×10 4 yuan] in the open group, showing significant differences among the three groups ( χ2=28.487, 95.069, 39.443, 83.899, P<0.05). (5) Postoperative complications: the incidence of overall complications, incidence of severe complications (Clavien-Dindo classification ≥grade 3), incidence of gastrointestinal complications, incidence of incisional complications, incidence of respiratory complications, incidence of infection were 21.8%(17/78), 5.1%(4/78), 10.3%(8/78), 1.3%(1/78), 7.7%(6/78), 2.6%(2/78) in the robotic group, 21.8%(34/156), 7.1%(11/156), 5.1%(8/156), 1.3%(2/156), 11.5%(18/156), 3.8%(6/156) in the laparoscopic group, and 29.5%(23/78), 6.4%(5/78), 9.0%(7/78), 2.6%(2/78), 14.1%(11/78), 2.6%(2/78) in the open group, showing no significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=1.913, 0.321, 2.394, 0.866, 1.641, 0.335, P>0.05). (6) Follow-up: 312 patients after propensity score matching were follow up at postoperative 1 month. During the follow-up, 2 cases with severe complications died after discharge. No severe complication such as obstruction of input or output loop, dumping syndrome was found in the other 310 patients. Conclusions:The Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy is safe and feasible for locally advanced Siewert type Ⅱ and Ⅲ AEG. Compared with laparoscopic and open radical gastrectomy, Da Vinci robotic radical gastrectomy has more advantages in the number of lymph node dissected in the second station (especially in the superior pancreatic region).

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in totally Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 97 patients with gastric cancer who underwent totally Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University between January 2016 and February 2019 were collected.There were 57 males and 40 females, aged (59±10)years, with a range from 35 to 60 years. Of the 97 patients, 52 receiving perioperative management using ERAS were allocated into ERAS group, and 45 receiving traditional perioperative management were allocated into traditional group. Observation indicators: (1) intraoperative situations; (2) postoperative situations. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and the chi-square test was used for comparison between groups. Repeated measurement data were analyzed by ANOVA. Comparison of ordinal datas was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Results:(1) Intraoperative situations: patients in the ERAS group and traditional group underwent totally Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer successfully. Cases with Roux-en-Y anastomosis or uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis (methods of digestive reconstruction), operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss for the ERAS group were 25, 27, (205±28)minutes, (176±80)mL, respectively, versus 21, 24, (199±31)minutes, (182±81)mL for the traditional group, showing no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=0.02, t=1.00, 0.37, P>0.05). (2) Postoperative situations: time to first out-of-bed activities, time to first anal flatus, time to initial liquid food intake, time to abdominal drainage tube removal, cases with postoperative complications, the number of lymph node dissected, cases in stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ of postoperative tumor staging, duration of postoperative hospital stay, hospitalization expenses were (1.85±0.29)days, (2.90±0.47)days, (2.53±0.28)days, (5.72±0.95)days, 6, 28±8, 4, 25, 23, (6.43±0.52)days, (60 222±3 888)yuan in the ERAS group and (3.04±0.39)days, (3.82±0.36)days, (4.24±0.30)days, (6.75±0.48)days, 5, (27±6)days, 3, 20, 22, (8.47±0.69)days, (64 197±3 369)yuan in the traditional group, respectively. There were significant differences in the time to first out-of-bed activities, time to first anal flatus, time to initial liquid food intake, time to abdominal drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay and hospitalization expenses between the two groups ( t=17.19, 10.69, 29.02, 6.58, 16.57, 5.34, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the postoperative complications, the number of lymph node dissected, or postoperative tumor staging between the two groups ( χ2=0.01, t=0.68, Z=-0.46, P>0.05). From 2 hours after anesthesia awakening to 48 hours after surgery, the visual analog pain scores were changed from 3.06±0.29 to 2.13±0.32 in the ERAS group, and from 4.11±0.74 to 3.26±0.42 in the traditional group, respectively, showing a significant difference in the changing trend between the two groups ( F=264.45, P<0.05). There was no death or readmission in the postoperative 30 days. Conclusions:ERAS applied in the totally Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy is safe and effective, which is associated with faster gastrointestinal function recovery, shorter hospital stay, better pain control, and quicker recovery afer surgery.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on the excitability of fast-spiking interneurons in the primary somatosensory cortex of mouse brain.Methods:Eleven healthy C57BL/6 mice of either sex, at postnatal days 15-21, were used.The acute brain slices of primary somatosensory cortex were prepared and incubated in artificial cerebrospinal fluid.The whole-cell patch-clamp was established on fast-spiking interneurons and excitatory neurons in primary somatosensory cortex layer 4 separately.The membrane potential and action potential threshold from fast-spiking interneurons and spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents from excitatory neurons were recorded before application of dexmedetomidine (10 μmol/L)and at 5 min after application of dexmedetomidine.Results:Compared with that before application of dexmedetomidine, no significant change was found in the membrane potential and action potential threshold of fast-spiking interneurons and frequency and amplitude of spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents at 5 min after application of dexmedetomidine( P>0.05). Conclusion:The analgesic mechanism of dexmedetomidine may not be related to the excitability of fast-spiking interneurons in the primary somatosensory cortex of the mouse brain.

11.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1133-1137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857634

ABSTRACT

The mother can deliver nutrients to the fetus only through the placenta during pregnancy. Folic acid plays an important role in placenta development and fetal growth, and is involved in cell division, embryogenesis and fetal growth. The ability of transplacental folic acid is one of the limiting steps of folate application. Folic acid and its active forms arrive at the fetus by three transporters: folic acid receptor, reduced folic acid carrier and proton coupled folic acid transporter. The expression and transport capacity of transporters were changed significantly with pregnancy complications such as hypertension, fetal growth restriction and premature delivery. Antiepileptic drugs, progesterone, antihypertensive drugs, drug abuse, and heavy metals can alter the transport of folic acid and across the placental barrier of other drugs by regulating the placental folate transporter.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict the potential molecular mechanism of Yangxue Antai Fang in treating prethrombolic state of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA-PTS). Method:The chemical constituents and drug targets of Yangxue Antai Fang were collected by Integrated Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP V2.0). RSA-PTS disease target information was collected by TCMIP V2.0 and improved by Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database. The interaction of these targets was analyzed and key target network was constructed. Gene ontology (GO) function and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were further performed. Finally, Cytoscape 3.5.1 was used to build up a multidimensional network of TCM-ingredient-target-pathway. The levels of absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity (ADMET) of the main components in the network were analyzed. Result:A total of 310 chemical constituents and 975 targets were collected from 8 TCMs in Yangxue Antai Fang. A total of 143 targets of RSA-PTS were obtained. A total of 243 core targets were obtained by the interrelationship analysis of drug and disease targets. The analysis of the top 100 core targets showed that these targets might participate in treating RSA-PTS by affecting biological processes related to thrombosis, such as blood coagulation, platelet activation, positive regulation of angiogenesis and so on. Pathway analysis showed that these targets were mainly concentrated in complement and coagulation cascades, platelet activation, estrogen signaling pathway, thyroid hormone signaling pathway, etc. Multidimensional network analysis in combination with ADMET level showed that 14 components (leonurine, paeonol, vanillin, and so on) may play a therapeutic role in RSA-PTS by affecting coagulation factors Ⅱ (F2), plasminogen (PLG) and estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) proteins involved in complement and coagulation cascades, platelet activation, thyroid hormone signaling pathway and others. Conclusion:The main chemical constituents in Yangxue Antai Fang may improve RSA-PTS by regulating complement and coagulation cascades, blood coagulation, platelet activation and other biological processes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800464

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the technical characteristics and short-term clinical efficacy of robotic-assisted intersphincteric resection (ISR) for patients with low rectal cancer.@*Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was used. Inclusion criteria: (1) rigid colonoscopy showed lower margin of the tumor ≤5 cm from the anal verge; (2) preoperative rectal MRI or endorectal ultrasound revealed staging T1-2, or T3 patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy; (3) patients less than 70 years old with good function of anal sphincter before surgery; (4) no synchronous multiple primary carcinoma, and no distant metastasis; (5) the method of operation was agreed by the patient. Exclusion criteria: (1) T4 stage tumors; (2) sphincter dysfunction before operation; (3) recurrent tumors; (4) lower edge of tumors beyond the dentate line; (5) death due to non-rectal cancer during follow-up and unsatisfactory follow-up data. The clinical data of 21 patients with low rectal cancer meeting inclusion criteria undergoing robotic-assisted ISR at our department from January 2015 to June 2018 were collected. Parameters during and after operation were observed. Anorectal manometry was performed at 3, 6, and 12 months after the operation, and anal function was evaluated at 3, 6, and 12 months after the closure of the stoma by Kirwan classification and Wexner fecal incontinence score. The key steps of the operation are as follows: according to the principle of total mesorectal excision, the robot continued to enter into the levator ani hiatusdistally, and dissectin the sphincter space; according to the scope of sphincter resection, ISRwas divided into partial ISR, subtotal ISR, and total ISR; subtotal and total ISR usually needed to be combined with transanal pathway. The reconstruction of digestive tract was performed by double stapler anastomosis under laparoscope orhand-sewnanastomosis under direct vision, and preventive ileostomy was completed in the right lower abdomen.@*Results@#Of 21 patients, 13 were male and 8 were female with mean age of (57.5±16.3) years. All the patients successfully completed the operation without conversion to laparotomy. Fourteen cases (66.7%) adopted partial ISR through complete transabdominal approach, 6 cases (28.6%) adopted the subtotal ISR through combined transabdominal and transanal approachs, and 1 case (4.8%) adopted the total ISR through the combined transabdominal and transanal approachs. The total operation time was (213.1±56.3) minutes, including (27.3±5.4) minutes for mechanical arm installation and (175.7±51.6) minutes for robotic operation. The amount of intraoperative hemorrhage was (62.8±23.2) ml, and no blood transfusion was performed in any patient. All patients underwent prophylactic ileostomy, and the stoma was closed 3-6 months after the operation. Except one case of anastomotic leakage, all other stomas were closed successfully. The postoperative hospitalization time was (7.6±2.2) days, and time to fluid intake was (3.3±0.9) days. One case of anastomotic leakage, one case of anastomotic stenosis, one case of inflammatory external hemorrhoids and one case of urinary retention occurred after surgery,and all of them were cured by conservative treatment. The mean diameter of tumors was (2.9±1.2) cm, and the number of harvested lymph node was 12.8 ± 3.3. In the whole group, the circumcision margin was negative, the proximal margin was (12.2 ± 2.1) cm, the distal margin was (1.1 ± 0.4) with all negative, and the R0 resection rate was 100%. The results of anorectal manometry showed that the preoperative rest pressure, rectal maximum squeeze pressure, initial sensory volume and maximum tolerated volume were (45.19±8.46) mmHg, (128.18±18.80) mmHg, (44.33±10.11) ml and (119.00±19.28) ml, respectively;these parameters reduced significantly 3 months after operation and they were (23.44±5.54) mmHg, (93.72±12.15) mmHg, (17.72±5.32) ml and (70.44±10.9) ml, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.001). The resting pressure and the rectal maximum squeeze pressure returned to preoperative levels 12 months after operation, which were (39.33±6.64) mmHg and (120.58±16.47) mmHg, respectively (both P>0.05), while the initial sensory volume and the maximum tolerated volume failed to reach the preoperative state, which were (30.67±7.45) ml and (92.25±10.32) ml, respectively (both P<0.05). The patients were followed up for (22.1±10.6) months without local recurrence and distant metastasis. Eighteen patients were evaluated for anal function: Kirwan classification was grade I for 6 cases, grade II for 7 cases, grade III for 4 cases, and grade IV for 1 case; Wexner incontinence score was 8.6±0.8; 14 cases had good defecation control.@*Conclusion@#The clinical efficacy of ISR with Da Vinci robot in the treatment of low rectal cancer is satisfactory.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800229

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prognostic value of metabolic parameters calculated from pretreatment 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT images in patients with extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL) of stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ.@*Methods@#From August 2010 to April 2018, 67 patients with ENKTL of stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ disease (47 males, 20 females; median age 57 years) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were enrolled, and the clinic data and pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging data were retrospectively analyzed. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) of tumor tissue were calculated from PET/CT images with the threshold value of 40% of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). The optimal cut-off values of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of SUVmax, MTV and TLG were investigated by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model were used for data analysis.@*Results@#SUVmax, MTV and TLG of 67 patients were 12.32(8.65, 16.96), 13.13(7.37, 22.74) ml, 92.17(46.54, 198.46), respectively. ROC curve analysis showed that the cut-off values of SUVmax, MTV and TLG were 13.09, 18.05 ml and 152.81, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that B symptoms, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, β2-microglobulin, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, Korean prognostic index (KPI), SUVmax, MTV, TLG and treatment mode (chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy) were relative factors affecting PFS (χ2: 5.466-27.163, all P<0.05). B symptoms, LDH level, β2-microglobulin, EB virus (EBV)-DNA, extra-cavitary extension, ECOG score, KPI, MTV, TLG and treatment mode were relative factors affecting OS (χ2: 4.022-34.774, all P<0.05). SUVmax was not the influencing factor of OS(χ2=2.766, P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that ECOG score, MTV and TLG were independent prognostic predictors of PFS (relative ratio (RR): 5.107-6.802, all P<0.05), and ECOG score, MTV, TLG and treatment mode were independent prognostic predictors of OS (RR: 0.221-9.106, all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#MTV and TLG from pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT images are independent prognostic factors for PFS and OS in patients with ENKTL of stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ. MTV and TLG may be more useful than SUVmax for prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797807

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer, and explore the risk factors for postoperative complications.@*Methods@#The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 173 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from March 2010 to March 2019 were collected. There were 138 males and 35 females, aged from 34 to 76 years, with an average age of 60 years. All the 173 patients underwent Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Observation indicators: (1) postoperative complications; (2) analysis of risk factors for postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages. Univariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Indicators with P<0.1 were included into multivariate analysis, and multivariate analysis was performed using logistic regression model.@*Results@#(1) Postoperative complications: of the 173 patients, 45 had postoperative complications, with a incidence rate of 26.0%(45/173). Among the 45 patients, 5 had gradeⅠpostoperative complications, 31 had grade Ⅱ postoperative complications, 2 had grade Ⅲa postoperative complications, 3 had grade Ⅲb postoperative complications, 1 had grade Ⅳa postoperative complications, 1 had grade Ⅳb postoperative complications, and 2 had grade Ⅴ postoperative complications. The incidence of serious complications was 5.2%(9/173). Of the 5 patients with gradeⅠcomplications, 1 of fever was improved after antipyretic treatment, 2 of incisional fat liquefaction were improved after dressing change, 1 of vomiting was improved after being given antiemetic, and 1 of delayed recovery of gastrointestinal function was improved after symptomatic treatment. Among 31 patients with gradeⅡcomplications, 12 patients had pulmonary infection, including 6 of pulmonary infection alone, 3 combined with pleural effusion, 1 combined with abdominal infection, 2 combined with intestinal obstruction, and all were improved after conservative treatment; 7 of fever were improved after anti-infection treatment; 4 patients had deep venous catheter infection including 1 combined with bilateral pleural effusion, and were improved after removing catheter and anti-infection treatment; 3 patients had anastomotic leakage including 1 with pulmonary infection and abdominal infection, and were improved after conservative treatment; 2 patients had duodenal stump leakage (1 combined with pulmonary infection, 1 combined with pulmonary infection and pleural effusion) , and were improved after conservative treatment; 1 patient had abdominal hemorrhage, and was improved after conservative treatment; 1 patient had intestinal obstruction, and was improved after conservative treatment; 1 patient had abdominal infection, and was improved after conservative treatment. Of the 2 patients with grade Ⅲa complications, 1 had duodenal stump leakage combined with abdominal abscess, and was improved after puncture and drainage; 1 had pleural effusion combined with pulmonary infection, and was improved after puncture and drainage. Among the 3 patients with grade Ⅲb complications, 1 of abdominal hemorrhage was improved after reoperation, 2 of anastomotic leakage were improved after being placed jejunal nutrition tube under painless gastroscopy. Of the 2 cases, 1 combined with abdominal infection and 1 combined with pleural effusion and abdominal infection were improved after puncture and drainage. Among the 2 patients with grade Ⅳ complications, 1 of Ⅳa encountering respiratory failure was improved after treatment due to misinhalation of anesthesia, and 1 of Ⅳb suffered from multiple organ failure and was improved after treatment due to anastomotic leakage. Two patients with grade V complication died, including one with anastomotic leakage, abdominal hemorrhage, and multiple organ failure, and the other with respiratory failure and cardiac insufficiency. In the 173 patients, the incidence of comprehensive complication index (CCI) ≥ 25.2 was 11.0%(19/173). (2) Analysis of risk factors for postoperative complications of Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer: univariate analysis showed that body mass index (BMI), volume of intraoperative blood loss, and operation time were the related factors affecting the postoperative complications (χ2=4.275, 5.057, 5.463, P<0.05). BMI and volume of intraoperative blood loss were the related factors affecting the postoperative serious complications (χ2=7.517, 5.537, P<0.05). Age, BMI and Charlson Comorbidity Index were the related factors affecting CCI ≥25.2 (χ2=8.946, 7.890, 4.062, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor diameter ≥ 3 cm and tumor located at esophagogastric junction were independent risk factors for postoperative complications [odds ratio (OR) =4.350, 2.175, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.352-14.000, 1.018-4.647, P<0.05)]. BMI ≥25 kg/m2 was an independent risk factor for serious complications after operation (OR=5.156, 95%CI: 1.120-23.738, P<0.05). Age ≥60 years, BMI ≥25 kg/m2, and history of abdominal surgery were independent risk factors for CCI≥25.2 (OR=30.928, 3.557, 6.009, 95%CI: 1.485-644.19, 1.082-11.691, 1.358-26.592, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The Clavien-Dindo classification of patients after Da Vinci robotic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer is mostly gradeⅡ. The main complications are pulmonary-related complications. CCI can better predict the risk factors for serious complications after operation. Tumor diameter ≥ 3 cm and tumor located at esophagogastric junction are independent risk factors for postoperative complications; BMI ≥25 kg/m2 is an independent risk factor for serious complications; age ≥60 years, BMI ≥25 kg/m2, and history of abdominal surgery are independent risk factors for CCI≥25.2.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752966

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of Da Vinci robot-assisted radical resection for right colon cancer.Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinical data of 85 patients with right colon cancer who were admitted to the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University from August 2013 to February 2019 were collected.There were 56 males and 29 females,aged from 29 to 84 years,with an average age of 60 years.All patients underwent Da Vinci robot-assisted radical resection of right colon cancer,named right hemicolon D3 + complete mesocolic excision,and received infection prevention and total parenteral nutrition treatment after surgery.According to clinical pathological staging of guideline issued by National Comprehensive Cancer Network,patients underwent postoperative chemotherapy within 1 year after surgery.Observation indicators:(1) treatment status;(2) postoperative pathological examination;(3) follow-up.Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination,telephone interview and mail every 3 months within 1 year after surgery,every 6 months from 1 to 3 years after surgery,and once a year from 3 to 5 years after surgery up to March 2019.The postoperative tumor metastasis and survival of patients were obtained.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range).Count data were expressed as absolute number.Survival rates were calculated using life-table method.Results (1) Treatment status:85 patients underwent Da Vinci robot-assisted right hemicolon D3 + complete mesocolic excision successfully.The operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,time for postoperative outof-bed activities,time to recovery of gastrointestinal function,time to liquid diet intake were (178±28) minutes,(85±33) mL,(2.9± 1.8) days,(3.1 ± 2.7) days,(3.9± 1.9) days,respectively.There was no perioperative death.Eleven patients had postoperative complications including 5 of anastomotic leakage,2 of anastomotic bleeding,2 of pulmonary infection,1 of gastric emptying disorder and 1 of incomplete intestinal obstruction;they were cured and discharged after conservative treatment.All the 85 patients received postoperative infection prevention and total parenteral nutrition support,including 64 receiving systemic intravenous chemotherapy with 6 -8 cycles of FOLFOX or XELOX,7 receiving 6-8 cycles of oral capecitabine,and 14 receiving no chemotherapy.(2) Postoperative pathological examination:the number of harvested lymph nodes was 20± 11 and 25 had lymph node metastasis.The length of proximal and distal cutting edge of the specimens was (16±5) cm and (9±5)cm,respectively.There was no cancerous cell on the cutting edge.High-differentiated adenocarcinoma,moderatedifferentiated adenocarcinoma,moderate-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma,low-differentiated adenocarcinoma,mucinous adenocarcinoma,tubular combined with mucinous adenocarcinoma were detected in 2,40,14,16,9,4 patients,respectively.There were 8,28,24,5,12,8 patients in Ⅰ stage,Ⅱ A stage,Ⅱ B stage,Ⅱ C stage,ⅢB stage,Ⅲ C stage of TNM staging,respectively.(3) Follow-up:85 patients were followed up for 1-67 months,with a median follow-up time of 19 months.During the follow-up,1 of 85 patients had liver metastasis at 14 months after surgery and had survived after radiofrequency ablation treatment up to the end of follow-up.Three cases died of abdominal tumor metastases,1 of which in Ⅱ C stage died at 32 months after surgery,1 in Ⅲ B stage died at 4 months after surgery and 1 in Ⅲ B stage died at 16 months after surgery.The 1-,3-year overall survival rates were 97.1% and 94.0%,respectively.Conclusion Da Vinci robot-assisted radical resection of right colon cancer is safe and feasible,with good short-and long-term outcomes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745256

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the methods to estimate absorbed dose to eye lens of infants from CT scanning using different protocols and try to find a practical quick way for estimating absorbed dose to eye lens.Methods By scanning one-year old anthropomorphic phantom using 7 kinds of different protocols,all TLDs were measured for final estimation of absorbed dose to eye lens using two different dose conversion methods.Meanwhile,linear regression equation was established between absorbed dose to eye lens and CTDI.Results Absorbed doses to eye lens of infants from children CT scanning using 7 kinds of different protocols were (9.96±0.69) mGy in head axis,(7.01±0.42) mGy in head helical,(12.60± 0.97) mGy in sinus,(12.97±0.42) mGy in inner ear,(0.63±0.03) mGy in neck soft tissue,(8.89± 0.44) mGy in cervical vertebra,and (0.34± 0.01) mGy in chest,respectively.There were statistically significant difference in doses among different groups (F =846.826,P < 0.05).For different scanning locations,there was linear relation between absorbed dose to eye lens and CTDI(r=0.986-0.999,P< 0.05).Conclusions Absorbed dose to eye lens of infants from children CT scaning with single dose may not be above threshold dose.In addition,absorbed dose to eye lens can be estimated quickly by linear regression equation between absorbed dose to eye lens and CTDI.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743965

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of Da Vinci robotic and laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Methods The propensity score matching and retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 171 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2015 to October 2016 were collected.There were 110 males and 61 females,aged from 38 to 81 years,with a median age of 57 years.Of 171 patients,70 undergoing Da Vinci robotic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer and 101 undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy were allocated into the robotic group and laparoscopic group,respectively.Observation indicators:(1) the propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data between the two groups after the propensity score matching;(2) intraoperative and postoperative situations;(3) situations of pathological examination;(4) follow-up.Patients were followed up by outpatient examination and telephone interview to detect severe complications and survival after discharge up to October 2018.The overall survival time was from the operation data to end of follow-up or time of death.The propensity score matching was used to perform 1 ∶ 1 matching by Empower Stats.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean ± SD,and comparison between groups was done using the t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range),and comparison between groups was done using the Mann-Whitney U test.Count data were represented as absolute number,and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test and comparison of ordinal data between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test.The survival rate and curve were respectively calculated and drawn by the Kaplan-Meier method,and Log-rank test was used for survival analysis.Results (1) The propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data between the two groups after the propensity score matching:124 of 171 patients had successful matching,including 62 in each group.The body mass index (BMI) and tumor diameter before matching were (24.2±2.4)kg/m2 and (50±13)mm in the robotic group,(25.1±2.1) kg/m2 and (45±14) mm in the laparoscopic group,showing statistically significant differences between the two groups (t =-2.676,2.045,P< 0.05).The BMI and tumor diameter after matching were (24.5 ± 2.3) kg/m2 and (49 ± 14) mm in the robotic group,(24.4 ± 2.2) kg/m2 and (48 ± 12) mm in the laparoscopic group,showing no statistically significant difference between the two groups (t=0.110,0.524,P>0.05).(2) Intraoperative and postoperative situations:the total operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,level of C-reactive protein at day 1 postoperatively,level of C-reactive protein at day 3 postoperatively,volume of totally abdominal drainage were (147±13) minutes,(115±12)mL,(52.2±7.2)mg/L,(33.7±11.9)mg/L,353.5 mL (range,267.0-1 350.0 mL) in the robotic group,and (140± 12) minutes,(131 ± 12) mL,(58.2±7.4) mg/L,(41.1 ± 16.9) rag/L,397.0 mL (range,255.0-1 600.0 mL) in the laparoscopic group,respectively,showing statistically significant differences in the above indexes between the two groups (t =3.163,-7.814,-4.631,-2.840,Z =-4.351,P<0.05).(3) Situations of pathological examination:patients after matching in the two groups received R0 resection,with negative duodenal margin and gastric margin.The number of lymph nodes dissected in the robotic group and laparoscopic group were 22±4 and 20±4,respectively,with a statistically significant difference between the two groups (t=2.812,P<0.05).(4) Follow-up:124 patients after propensity score matching were followed up for 6-37 months,with a median time of 25 months.During the follow-up,no severe surgery-related complications such as obstruction of input or output loop and dumping syndrome were found in the two groups within 3 months after operation.The 2-year overall survival rate was 82.1% and 75.2% in the robotic and laparoscopic group,with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (x2 =0.436,P>0.05).Conclusions Compared with laparoscopic surgery,Da Vinci robotic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer has advantages in postoperative recovery and minimally invasion.There are similar 2-year overall survival rates in the two groups.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734705

ABSTRACT

To establish the experts consensus on the management of delirium in critically ill patients.A special committee was set up by 15 experts from the Chinese Critical Hypothermia-Sedation Therapy Study Group.Each statement was assessed based on the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment,Development,and Evaluation) principle.Then the Delphi method was adopted by 36 experts to reassess all the statements.(1) Delirium is not only a mental change,but also a clinical syndrome with multiple pathophysiological changes.(2) Delirium is a form of disturbance of consciousness and a manifestation of abnormal brain function.(3) Pain is a common cause of delirium in critically ill patients.Analgesia can reduce the occurrence and development of delirium.(4) Anxiety or depression are important factors for delirium in critically ill patients.(5) The correlation between sedative and analgesic drugs and delirium is uncertain.(6) Pay attention to the relationship between delirium and withdrawal reactions.(7) Pay attention to the relationship between delirium and drug dependence/ withdrawal reactions.(8) Sleep disruption can induce delirium.(9) We should be vigilant against potential risk factors for persistent or recurrent delirium.(10) Critically illness related delirium can affect the diagnosis and treatment of primary diseases,and can also be alleviated with the improvement of primary diseases.(11) Acute change of consciousness and attention deficit are necessary for delirium diagnosis.(12) The combined assessment of confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit and intensive care delirium screening checklist can improve the sensitivity of delirium,especially subclinical delirium.(13) Early identification and intervention of subclinical delirium can reduce its risk of clinical delirium.(14) Daily assessment is helpful for early detection of delirium.(15) Hopoactive delirium and mixed delirium are common and should be emphasized.(16) Delirium may be accompanied by changes in electroencephalogram.Bedside electroencephalogram monitoring should be used in the ICU if conditions warrant.(17) Pay attention to differential diagnosis of delirium and dementia/depression.(18) Pay attention to the role of rapid delirium screening method in delirium management.(19) Assessment of the severity of delirium is an essential part of the diagnosis of delirium.(20) The key to the management of delirium is etiological treatment.(21) Improving environmental factors and making patient comfort can help reduce delirium.(22) Early exercise can reduce the incidence of delirium and shorten the duration of delirium.(23) Communication with patients should be emphasized and strengthened.Family members participation can help reduce the incidence of delirium and promote the recovery of delirium.(24) Pay attention to the role of sleep management in the prevention and treatment of delirium.(25) Dexmedetomidine can shorten the duration of hyperactive delirium or prevent delirium.(26) When using antipsychotics to treat delirium,we should be alert to its effect on the heart rhythm.(27) Delirium management should pay attention to brain functional exercise.(28) Compared with non-critically illness related delirium,the relief of critically illness related delirium will not accomplished at one stroke.(29) Multiple management strategies such as ABCDEF,eCASH and ESCAPE are helpful to prevent and treat delirium and improve the prognosis of critically ill patients.(30) Shortening the duration of delirium can reduce the occurrence of long-term cognitive impairment.(31) Multidisciplinary cooperation and continuous quality improvement can improve delirium management.Consensus can promote delirium management in critically ill patients,optimize analgesia and sedation therapy,and even affect prognosis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817773

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the effects of zinc on the formation of atherosclerotic macrophage foaming and plaque formation and its mechanism.【Methods】The macrophage foaming model was established by stimulating THP-1cells with oxLDL. The degree of foaming in different zinc concentrations of 0,30 and 60 μmol/Lwas detected by oil red Ostaining and the intake of lipid by foam cells was measured by DiI-oxLDL fluorescence. The relevant scavenger protein ex⁃pression of CD36,SR-A was detected by immunoblotting. The relative expression level of zinc ion transporters was detect⁃ed by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. ApoE-/- mice were randomly divided into 4 groups,the normal feed group(Chow group),the high-fat zinc-deficient group(HFD-ZnD),and the high-fat normal zinc group(HFD),high-fatand zinc-supplement group(HFD-ZnS),blood lipids and the protein of the mice aorta were detected in the 13 week.【Results】Compared with the normal zinc group,the oil red O density increased(P < 0.05),and add zinc ion decreased the intake of the DiI-oxLDL by foam cells(P < 0.01). In the 0 μmol/L zinc group,the SR-A and CD36 protein expressionin the foam cells increased(P < 0.05)and 15μmol/L Zn2+ treatment before stimulating with oxLDL reduced the contentsof SR-A and CD36 proteins(P < 0.05). Compared the oxLDL-treated group with the control group,the mRNA expres⁃sion levels of ZIP10,ZIP12 and ZIP14 increased,and the mRNA expression levels of ZIP4,ZIP7 and ZIP8 decreased(P < 0.05);while the mRNA expression of ZnT4 was up-regulated(P < 0.01),and the mRNA expression of ZnT1 was down-regulated(P < 0.05). Compared with Chow group,low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C),total cholesterol(TC)and triglyceride(TG)were increased in HFD group and HFD-ZnD group,respectively(P < 0.05);HFD-ZnD group High-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C)was significantly elevated. Moreover,the LDL-C of the HFD-ZnS group was significantly lower than that of the HFD-ZnD group(P < 0.05). The SR-A protein of the mice aorta of the HFD and HFD-ZnD group increased compared to the Chow group(P < 0.01),HFD-ZnS could restrain the increase(P < 0.05). Compared with the Chow group,the ratio of plaque area in the aorta to the total arterial lumen area was significantly in⁃creased in the HFD-ZnD group(P < 0.01),and HFD-ZnS significantly inhibited this increase(P < 0.01).【Conclusions】 Extracellular zinc deficiency aggravates lipid deposition in macrophages,and the mechanism may be regulated by up-reg⁃ulating the scavenger receptor CD36 and SR-A. Zinc ion transporters are involved in macrophage foaming and formation ofarterial plaques. Zinc deficiency can increase LDL-C and promote the increase of arterial plaque induced by high-fat diet.

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