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1.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 707-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between cognitive function and addiction, impulsivity, and anhedonia in adolescent depressive disorder patients with self-injury behavior.Methods:From September 2021 to October 2022, adolescents with depressive disorders who visited the outpatient department of the Qingdao Mental Health Center were enrolled and divided into self-injury group and non self-injury group based on the presence or absence of self-injury behaviors, each with 60 participants.A self-compiled general information questionnaire, the 17 items Hamilton depression rating scale (HAMD-17), the Ottawa self-injury inventory (OSI), the Chinese version of the Barratt impulsiveness scale (BIS-11), and the temporal experience of pleasure scale(TEPS) were used to evaluate both groups.The Chinese brief cognitive test(C-BCT) was used to assess cognitive function in both groups.SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis, including t-test, χ2 test, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis. Results:The self-injury group had higher scores for OSI addiction factors (9.43±8.29) and BIS-11 (67.09±11.48) compared to the non self-injury group (OSI addiction factor scores: 0, BIS-11 scores: 53.70±7.12, t=6.22, 5.91, both P<0.05). TEPS score and C-BCT scores in various dimensions were lower in the self-injury group than those in the non self-injury group ( t=-2.93, -2.01, -2.88, -2.20, -5.35, all P<0.05). Information processing speed was negatively correlated with BIS-11 score ( r=-0.296, P<0.05), and attention score were negatively correlated with OSI addiction factor score and BIS-11 score ( r=-0.303, -0.561, both P<0.05) and positively correlated with TEPS score ( r=0.364, P<0.05), including a positive correlation with the scale of anticipatory anhedonia score ( r=0.318, P<0.05). Working memory score was negatively correlated with OSI addiction factor score and BIS-11 score ( r=-0.312, -0.416, both P<0.05). Comprehensive ability and executive function scores were negatively correlated with OSI addiction factor score and BIS-11 score ( r=-0.308, -0.679, both P<0.05), and positively correlated with TEPS score ( r=0.304, P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that BIS-11 scores were influencing factors of C-BCT dimensions ( β=-0.260, -0.592, -0.557, -1.797, t=-2.150, -3.314, -2.285, -5.165, all P<0.05). Conclusion:In adolescent depressive patients with self-injury, cognitive function is correlated with addiction, impulsivity and anhedonia, among which impulsivity is a risk factor for cognitive function.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 281-289, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934105

ABSTRACT

Objective:A prospective, multicenter randomized controlled clinical research was conducted to explore the diagnostic value of the new optical staining technology for domestic endoscope, spectral focused imaging (SFI) and variable intelligent staining technology (VIST), for gastric precancerous lesions.Methods:Patients who intended to undergo gastroscopy between August 2020 and May 2021 were randomly divided into the white light group and the new optical staining group at the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. A sequential examination method was applied (white light to new optical staining or new optical staining to white light). The endoscopic diagnostic results and the detection results of Helicobacter pylori ( HP) of the two groups were recorded. At the same time, such five variables as gastric mucosal atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, fold enlargement, nodular gastritis and diffuse redness were evaluated for the risk of gastric cancer in the two groups. Results:A total of 419 cases were enrolled, including 208 cases in the white light group and 211 cases in the new optical staining group. Compared with pathological findings, the detection rates of gastric inflammation, atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and advanced cancer lesions in the white light group were 28.9%, 40.4%, 64.9%, 17.8%, 0.5% and 0.5% respectively; while those in the new optical staining group were 30.8%, 42.7%, 62.6%, 15.2%, 2.8% and 0.5%. There were no significant differences in the detection rates between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared with pathology, the sensitivity, the specificity, the accuracy, the positive predictive value and the negative predictive value for gastric mucosal atrophy in the white light group were 92.9%, 61.3%, 74.0%, 61.9% and 92.7% respectively and those in the new optical staining group (SFI mode) were 94.4%, 64.5%, 77.3%, 66.4% and 94.0% respectively. The above 5 measures for gastric mucosal intestinal metaplasia were 68.1%, 72.6%, 69.7%, 82.1% and 55.2% in the white light group, and 87.1%, 89.9%, 88.2%, 93.5% and 80.7% in the new optical staining group (VIST mode), with significant difference between the two groups ( P<0.05). In terms of HP infection with 13C-urea breath test ( 13C-UBT) results as the gold standard, the above 5 measures were 90.2%, 84.3%, 87.4%, 86.8% and 88.2% in the white light group and 92.6%, 77.1%, 85.4%, 82.2% and 90.1% in the new optical staining group respectively. The proportion of high-risk gastric lesions in the new optical staining group was higher in cases of a gastric cancer risk score≥ 4 ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The new optical staining technology of domestic endoscopy has higher diagnostic value for gastric mucosal intestinal metaplasia. Gastroscopy is helpful for the detection of precancerous lesions with gastric cancer risk score as a tool. The new optical staining technology of domestic endoscopy is similar to imported endoscopy in diagnosing gastric precancerous lesions and HP infection, which is an effective means to detect gastric mucosal precancerous lesions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1267-1271, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904706

ABSTRACT

@#Being a non-invasive diagnostic technique for molecular biological markers, exhaled breath detection has the most latent capacity and future in the diagnosis and treatment of tumors. The National Key Research and Development Plan named "Strategic Advanced Electronic Materials" in 2020 has laid out the application of exhaled breath detection technology in the medical field, and the scientific research project led by Sichuan Cancer Hospital has been successfully launched. For the moment, as a novel strategy for early detection of lung cancer, exhaled breath detection is being perfected further and popularized or put in clinical practice step by step to reduce the mortality of lung cancer patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 675-680, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822568

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the predictive value of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on pulmonary nodules in people aged less than 50 years. Methods    The 147 patients with pulmonary nodules and aged less than 50 years who were treated in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Sichuan Cancer Hospital from August 1, 2019 to January 15, 2020 were divided into a lung cancer group and a lung benign disease group. The lung cancer group included 36 males and 68 females, with the age of 27-49 (43.54±5.73) years. The benign lung disease group included 23 males and 20 females, with the age of 22-49 (42.49±6.83) years. Clinical data and exhaled breath samples were collected prospectively from the two groups. Exhaled breath VOCs were analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to select variables and establish a prediction model. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the prediction model were calculated. Results    There were statistically significant differences in sex (P=0.034), smoking history (P=0.047), cyclopentane (P=0.002), 3-methyl pentane (P=0.043) and ethylbenzene (P=0.009) between the two groups. The sensitivity, specificity and area under the ROC curve of the prediction model with gender, cyclopentane, 3-methyl pentane, ethylbenzene and N,N-dimethylformamide as variables were 80.8%, 60.5% and 0.781, respectively. Conclusion    The combination of VOCs and clinical characteristics has a certain predictive value for the benign and malignant pulmonary nodules in people aged less than 50 years.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 678-681, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871680

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the characteristics of venous thromboembolism(VTE) after lung surgery and the use of prophylactic anticoagulants. Inclusion criteria: (1) patients with primary pulmonary disease; (2) received pulmonary surgery; (3) Doppler ultrasound examination of lower extremity veins before and after operation.Methods:Patients who underwent lung surgery in our department from July 2016 to December 2017 were studied retrospectively.Results:A total of 659 patients who underwent lung surgery were analyzed, of which 58 patients had new diagnosis of VTE, after surgery with an incidence of 8.8%, and 151 patients were treated with prophylactic anticoagulants, with a total prophylactic use rate of 22.9%. According to the modified Caprini risk assessment scale, the patients were divided into three groups: low risk group(≤4 points), medium risk group(5-8 points) and high risk group(≥9 points). The proportion of prophylactic anticoagulation in each group was 4.0%(12/300), 36.3%(119/328) and 64.5%(20/31), respectively. The duration of prophylactic anticoagulation was also quite different, including 99 patients with anticoagulation for 1-3 days, 46 for 4-6 days, and 6 for 7-9 days. There was no significant difference in the incidence of VTE between patients who received prophylactic anticoagulation and patients who did not receive prophylactic anticoagulation( P>0.05). Conclusion:The incidence of VTE after pulmonary surgery is high, but the proportion of patients receiving prophylactic anticoagulation is low, and the anticoagulation course is too short, which leads to the poor preventive effect. It is suggested that the use of anticoagulants should be reasonably standardized in the future in order to improve the state of blood coagulation and prevent thrombosis.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1251-1256, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780223

ABSTRACT

Foxo-1 plays an important role in development of muscle atrophy, serving as a potential target for therapeutic treatment of the disease. In this study, the Foxo-1 mRNA was targeted by a Foxo-1 specific RNA oligonucleotide modified by 2'-O-methyl and with a butanol tag at the 3'-end. To understand the in vivo significance of new modified RNA oligos, efficacy, pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of the new modified RNA oligonucleotide targeting Foxo-1 were evaluated in mice. All experimental protocols were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The results showed that different doses of the RNA oligonucleotide can reduce the expression of Foxo-1 in mice by two routes of administration, leading to an increase in skeletal muscle mass of the mice. The results of pharmacokinetic evaluation showed that the plasma disappearance curve for the RNA oligonucleotide could be described by a two-compartmental model. The results of safety evaluation showed that no obvious adverse effects on renal and hepatic functions, nor on hematological parameters by intravenous or oral administration of the RNA oligo with a maximum dose of 30 mg·kg-1. Histopathology also did not reveal any significant changes in the morphology of the organs studied. In conclusion, the new modified RNA oligo is safe and effective in mice, providing experimental evidence supporting the significance for its clinical application.

7.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 478-484, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752022

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the treatment effects of epidural labor analgesia on syndecan-1 in patients with preeclampsia.Methods During Jan.,2016 and Dec.,2017,150 unipara females with preeclampsia and gestational age>37 weeks were enrolled in the prospective cohort study.They were devided into intervention and control group (n =75 in each group) with and without epidural labor analgesia,based on whether epidural labor analgesia applications were made by the patients at the first examination of cervical dilation of 2 cm.The primary outcomes were mean change and change rate of syndecan-1 from baseline to 2 h post-treatment,and the secondary outcomes were visual analogue scale (VAS),IL-6 level and mean arterial pressure (MAP).Results Absolute change of syndecan-1 from baseline to 2 h post-baseline was (-11.49 ± 82.80) ng/mL in the intervention group and (45.09 ± 55.14) ng/mL in the control group,respectively.There was a significant difference in mean change of syndecan-1 between the two groups (P<0.001).Similarly,the intervention group exhibited a greater reduction in change rate of syndecan-1 compared with the control group (P<0.001).Moreover,the intervention group had greater reduction in VAS and MAP compared with the control group (P<0.001 for both).There was no significant difference in IL-6 level between the two groups.Conclusions Epidural labor analgesia was associated with greater reduction in syndecan-1,VAS and MAP compared with the control condition.In contrast,administration of epidural analgesia did not significantly change IL-6 level.

8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 284-288, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809906

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) after thoracic surgery and its characteristic.@*Methods@#This was a single-center, prospective cohort study. Patients undergoing major thoracic surgeries between July 2016 and March 2017 at Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were enrolled in this study. Besides the routine examination, all patients were screened for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) by using noninvasive duplex lower-extremity ultrasonography after surgery. CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) was carried out if patients had one of the following conditions including typical symptoms of PE, high Caprini score (>9 points) or new diagnosed postoperative DVT. Caprini risk assessment model was used to detect high risk patients. No patients received any prophylaxis of VTE before surgery. Further data was analyzed for identifying the incidence of postoperative VTE. The t-test, χ2 test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to analyze the quantitative data and classification data, respectively.@*Results@#Totally 345 patients who undergoing major thoracic surgery were enrolled in this study including 145 benign diseases and 200 malignant diseases.There were 207 male and 138 female, aging from 15 to 85 years. Surgery procedures included 285 lung surgeries, 27 esophagectomies, 22 mediastinal surgeries and 11 other procedures. The overall incidence of VTE was 13.9% (48 of 345) after major thoracic surgery including 39 patients with newly diagnosed DVT (81.2%), 1 patient with PE (2.1%) and 8 patients with DVT+ PE (16.7%). The median time of VTE detected was 4.5 days postoperative. There were 89.6% (43/48) VTE cases diagnosed in 1 week. The incidence of VTE was 9.0% in patients with benign diseases, while 17.5% in malignant diseases (χ2=5.112, P<0.05). The incidence of VTE in patients with pulmonary diseases was 12.6%, among that, in patients with lung cancer and benign lung diseases was 16.4% and 7.5 % (χ2=4.946, P<0.05), respectively. Regarding to Caprini risk assessment model, the incidence of VTE in low risk patients, moderate risk patients (Caprini score 5 to 8 points)and high risk patients(≥9 points)were 0(0/77), 15.2%(33/217) and 29.4%(15/51), respectively(Z=-12.166, P<0.05). In patients with lung cancer, 98.2% of patients were moderate risk or high risk; only 3 cases scored low risk. The incidence of VTE in moderate risk and high risk patients was 13.4%(18/134) and 32.1%(9/28), respectively, while it was 0(0/3) in low risk patients.@*Conclusion@#s The overall incidence of VTE after major thoracic surgeries is 13.9%, and the incidence of VTE after lung cancer surgeries was 16.4%. Most of the VTE cases occurr within one week after the surgery. Caprini risk assessment model can identify high risk patients effectively.

9.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 120-123, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694573

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy and safety of DAAs in treating HCV patients with HIV/HCV co-infection.Method 53 patients were divided into groups based on HCV genotype. Sofosbuvir + Ledipasvir regime were used for 1b and 6a subtypes; sofosbuvir+Daclatasvir regime were used for 3a, 3b and those cannot be typed; all the patients diagnosed with cirrhosis were also administrated with ribavirin. The course of treatment for all patients is 12 weeks.Results All 53 patients completed HCV treatment, the overall SVR rate of DAAs treatment rate was 98.1%(52/53), failure rate 1.9%(1/53) ; SVR rate of DAAs treatment among non-cirrhosis patients was 100%(41/41) ; SVR rate of DAAs treatment among cirrhosis patients was 91.7%(11/12), failure rate 8.3%(1/11) . After treatment, ALT and AST levels of DAAs treatment patients were decreased (P<0.05), while CD4 level increased (P<0.05) . Main adverse effects are: 12 patients had gastrointestinal symptoms (22.6%) ; 6 had nausea, vomiting (11.3%), 4 had diarrhea (7.6%), 1 had mild rash (1.9%), and 5 had elevated serum total bilirubin (9.4%) . Conclusion The overall SVR rate among DAA treatment for HIV/HCV co-infected patients is high (98.1%) with broad indications. Even patients with cirrhosis are eligible. It yielded optimistic outcomes among different gene subtypes, and effectively improved liver function and CD4 level. With oral administration, short regime course, and mild adverse effects, patients can tolerate well, indicating its effectiveness and safety.

10.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 140-143, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694518

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of psychological quality of college students ' innovation and entrepreneurship, identify the elements of the psychological quality and problems and countermeasures against the psychological quality training in medical schools. Methods A questionair was made and administered to Kunming Medical University students and Chi-square analysis was used to analyze the gender, major, grade, and entrepreneurial intention differences between different groups of students so as to analyze the psychological factors affecting College students ' undertaking intention. Results A total of 1150 questionnaires,1099 was recovered,the effective recovery rate was 95.6%. Psychological quality score was (76.9 ±9.0), good mental qualities only was 8.2%, entrepreneurial environment, factors of psychological quality of good-willed persons were only 0.5%and 15.5%. Female entrepreneurial intentions were better than those of men (<0.001) . Science students' undertaking intention was superior to liberal arts students ( =0.025), knowledge of entrepreneurship difference between knowledge of business groups and <0.005,there was a statistically significant difference, about the environment worse group entrepreneurial intention superior knowledge of business groups. Conclusions As students' psychological qualities are poor,have poor psychological quality,in teaching we should strengthen the cultivation of medical students' entrepreneurial ability and correct understanding of entrepreneurship, create a good business environment, increase the entrepreneurship policy advocacy efforts, and create a good business environment and atmosphere so as to strengthen the entrepreneurship education, improve entrepreneurship courses so that students fully understand the cognitive and psychological qualities, stimulate the entrepreneurial motivation, lay the Foundation for entrepreneurship.

11.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 158-162, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693863

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of transfection with lentivirus carrying Ifi204 genes on the expression of p204 in rat vascular adventitial fibroblasts. Methods Culturing the vascular adventitial fibroblasts of rat aortic and then conducting immunocytochemistry to identify the type and purity of these rat fibroblasts. The vascular adventitial fibroblasts of rat aortic cultured were transfected with lentivirus vector system carrying Ifi204 genes (Ifi204 group), the fibroblasts which has been transfected with the empty vector lentivirus particles as the control group (group C), and the untreated fibroblasts as the blank group (group N). The expressions of mRNA and protein of p204 in the fibroblasts were detected by realtime fluorescent quantitative PCR and Western blot test separately. Results There was expression of p204 in group N. Compared with group N and group C, mRNA and protein expression of p204 in the Ifi204 group had been all upregulated (P<0.01). Conclusions There is structural expression of p204 in vascular adventitial fibroblasts of rat aortic. Transfection with lentivirus carrying Ifi204 genes can upregulate the expression of p204 in vascular adventitial fibroblasts.

12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 753-760, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772369

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Previous study has indicated that the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after lung cancer surgery is not uncommon. The aim of this study is to analyze the risk factors of postoperative VTE in lung cancer patients and provide a clinical basis for further prevention and treatment of VTE.@*METHODS@#This study was a single-center study. From July 2016 to December 2017, all patients with lung cancer who underwent surgery in our department were enrolled into this study. Except routine preoperative examinations, lower extremity Doppler ultrasound was performed in all patients before and after surgery to determine whether there was any newly developed deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Patients did not receive any prophylactic anticoagulant therapy before and after surgery. Patients were then divided into VTE group and control group according to whether VTE occurred after operation. Baseline data, surgical related data (surgery type, surgical procedure, etc.) and tumor pathological data (pathological type, vascular infiltration, pathological staging, etc.) were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#According to the inclusion criteria, a total of 339 patients undergoing lung cancer surgery were analyzed. There were 166 males and 173 females with an age range of 23-86 years. A total of 39 patients developed VTE after surgery, the incidence rate of postoperative VTE was 11.5%. Comparing the age, gender, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), smoking status, underlying diseases, etc, there were no significant differences in other indicators except for significant differences in age; comparison between preoperative blood routine, blood biochemistry, coagulation, tumor markers, lung function, lower extremity venous ultrasound, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels, preoperative D-dimer levels, there were significant differences in lung function and lower extremity intermuscular vein expansion ratio. There were no significant differences in other indexes between the two groups. The duration of surgery, surgical procedure, bleeding volume, pathological type, pathological stage, vascular invasion, were compared between the two groups. There were statistical differences in surgical methods (thoracic vs thoracoscopic) and bleeding volume. There were no significant differences in other indicators. Univariate analysis showed that age, preoperative CEA level, preoperative D-dimer level, poor pulmonary function, lower extremity intermuscular vein dilation ratio, thoracotomy rate, length of surgery, and amount of bleeding were significantly risk factors (P<0.05). There were no significant correlations between pathological stage and pathological type and VTE. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), surgical approach, and lower extremity intermuscular vein dilatation were independent risk factors for postoperative VTE in patients with lung cancer (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results of this study suggest that FEV1, surgical procedures, and lower extremity intermuscular vein dilation are independent risk factors for postoperative VTE in patients with lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Complications , Risk Factors , Venous Thromboembolism
13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 620-625, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812906

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of different procedures of testicular sperm retrieval on the levels of serum inhibin B (INHB), antisperm antibodies (AsAb), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone (T) in patients with azoospermia.@*METHODS@#We randomly assigned 210 azoospermia patients to receive testicular sperm extraction (TESE, n = 50), testicular sperm aspiration (TESA, n = 56), testicular fine needle aspiration (TEFNA, n = 64), or microscopic TESE (micro-TESE, n = 40). We measured the levels of serum INHB, FSH, and T and the positive rate of AsAb before and at 1 and 3 months after surgery.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the baseline, the levels of serum FSH at 1 and 3 months after surgery showed no statistically significant differences in the TESE ([8.51 ± 4.34] vs [8.76 ± 3.07] and [7.24 ± 3.32] IU/L, P >0.05), TESA ([7.70 ± 2.72] vs [7.90 ± 4.57] and [8.04 ± 3.65] IU/L, P >0.05), TEFNA ([6.04 ± 3.17] vs [6.08 ± 2.70] and [6.10 ± 3.32] IU/L, P >0.05), or micro-TESE group ([6.59 ± 2.74] vs [6.89 ± 1.78] and [6.75 ± 2.57] IU/L, P >0.05); the positive rate of AsAb (IgM) was significantly increased at 1 month in the TESE (0.00 vs 14.00%, P 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Different procedures of testicular sperm retrieval have different impacts on the testicular function and AsAb in patients with azoospermia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antibodies , Blood , Azoospermia , Blood , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Blood , Inhibins , Blood , Sperm Retrieval , Spermatozoa , Allergy and Immunology , Testis , Metabolism , Testosterone , Blood
14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 818-824, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666293

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus in Kunming urban area.Methods A multistage cluster randomized sampling method was used to collect 400 randomly selected patients (community managed hypertension and diabetes mellitus) in community service centers in the 4 main urban districts of Kunming,Yunnan province.The subjects were screened for CKD by questionnaires,physical examinations,and microalbuminuria tests.Results A total of 343 people were surveyed.The prevalence of albuminuria,proteinuria by routine urinalysis,decreased glomerular filtration rate,and CKD prevalence were respectively 37.3%,12.2%,5.0% and 39.1%.A total of 134 patients with CKD (134/343) were screened.Logistic regression analysis showed male (OR=2.312,95%CI 1.325-4.037,P=0.003),hyperuricemia (OR=1.751,95% CI 1.109-2.765,P=0.016) and obesity (OR=2.150,95% CI 1.115-4.146,P=0.022) were related to CKD.Conclusions The prevalences of CKD and albuminuria are 39.1% and 37.3% in patients with chronic diseases (hypertension and diabetes) in the main urban community of Kunming,Yunnan.Hyperuricemia,male and obesity are independent risk factors for CKD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 810-814, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657905

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the alteration of the peripheral thyroid hormone level in patients with chronic alcohol dependence and its relationship with depressive emotion.Methods Data were collected from 21 male patients with chronic alcohol dependence (case group) and 21 male health control (control group).Hamilton Depression Scale-24 (HAMD-24) and Alcohol Dependence Screening Scale (MAST) were used.The level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH),free triiodothyronine (FT3),free thyroxine (FT4),triiodothyronine (T3) and four iodine thyroxine (T4) of case group and control group were separately determined.The level of above-mentioned hormones and scale score of case group were evaluated in the first and sixth week of the period of temperance.Data of control group were collected once at baseline.Results The level of FT3 in case group was decreased significantly in the first week of the period of temperance compared with the control group ((4.34± 1.01) pmol/L,(5.85 ± 0.78) pmol/L,t =5.56,P< 0.01),while the level of TSH in case group was increased((2.62±0.69) uIU/ml,(1.70±0.81)uIU/ml,t=-3.96,P<0.01).The level of FT3 and T3 in case group decreased significantly in the sixth week of the period of temperance comparedwith the control group(FT3:(5.22±0.92) pmol/L,(5.85±0.78) pmol/L,t=2.45,P< 0.05;T3:(1.54±0.54)pmol/L,(1.84±0.34)pmol/L,t=2.92,P<0.01).The level of FT3 of the case group in the first week decreased significantly compared with the sixth week in the period of temperance (t=-4.12,P<0.01),while the level of FT4 were increased significantly (t=-3.93,P<0.01).In case group,the scores of HAMD-24 and the level of T3 (r=-0.465,P<0.05),TSH (r=-0.489,P<0.05) were negative correlation in the first week of the period of temperance.No correlation were observed between the score of HAMD-24 and the level of FT3,FT4,TSH,T3,T4 (r=-0.303-0.047,all P> 0.05)in the sixth week of the period of temperance.Conclusion The level of serum thyroid is disordered in patients with chronic alcohol dependence.The disorder will recover in the period of temperance and is associated with depressive emotion.

16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 810-814, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660427

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the alteration of the peripheral thyroid hormone level in patients with chronic alcohol dependence and its relationship with depressive emotion.Methods Data were collected from 21 male patients with chronic alcohol dependence (case group) and 21 male health control (control group).Hamilton Depression Scale-24 (HAMD-24) and Alcohol Dependence Screening Scale (MAST) were used.The level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH),free triiodothyronine (FT3),free thyroxine (FT4),triiodothyronine (T3) and four iodine thyroxine (T4) of case group and control group were separately determined.The level of above-mentioned hormones and scale score of case group were evaluated in the first and sixth week of the period of temperance.Data of control group were collected once at baseline.Results The level of FT3 in case group was decreased significantly in the first week of the period of temperance compared with the control group ((4.34± 1.01) pmol/L,(5.85 ± 0.78) pmol/L,t =5.56,P< 0.01),while the level of TSH in case group was increased((2.62±0.69) uIU/ml,(1.70±0.81)uIU/ml,t=-3.96,P<0.01).The level of FT3 and T3 in case group decreased significantly in the sixth week of the period of temperance comparedwith the control group(FT3:(5.22±0.92) pmol/L,(5.85±0.78) pmol/L,t=2.45,P< 0.05;T3:(1.54±0.54)pmol/L,(1.84±0.34)pmol/L,t=2.92,P<0.01).The level of FT3 of the case group in the first week decreased significantly compared with the sixth week in the period of temperance (t=-4.12,P<0.01),while the level of FT4 were increased significantly (t=-3.93,P<0.01).In case group,the scores of HAMD-24 and the level of T3 (r=-0.465,P<0.05),TSH (r=-0.489,P<0.05) were negative correlation in the first week of the period of temperance.No correlation were observed between the score of HAMD-24 and the level of FT3,FT4,TSH,T3,T4 (r=-0.303-0.047,all P> 0.05)in the sixth week of the period of temperance.Conclusion The level of serum thyroid is disordered in patients with chronic alcohol dependence.The disorder will recover in the period of temperance and is associated with depressive emotion.

17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 661-666, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809239

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current status of prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after thoracic surgery in China.@*Method@#Chinese thoracic surgeons were investigated by the online questionnaire which was based on the Chinese version of International VTE questionnaire added with 6 extra questions with Chinese characteristics.@*Results@#A total of 1 150 valid questionnaires were retrieved, accounting for about 20% of all the Chinese thoracic surgeons. The surgeons participating in this survey came from all over the country, most of whom were experienced professionals with high academic titles.For lung cancer patients, 66.96% (770/1 150) of the surgeons suggested that VTE prophylaxis should start 1 day after lung cancer resection, and 64.61% (743/1 150) of the surgeons suggested extending after discharge. For esophagestomy patients, and 48.35% (514/1 063) of the surgeons suggested that there was no need for patients to extend VTE prophylaxis after discharge. More than half of the surgeons participating in this survey made decision of the method and duration of VTE prophylaxis after lung cancer resection (53.91% (620/1 150)) or esophagectomy (52.49% (558/1 063)) depending on the clinical experience.Low molecular weight heparin was the common choice of most surgeons in VTE prophylaxis. More than half of the surgeons thought that previous history of VTE, advanced age, complicated with thrombophilia, obesity (body mass index>30 kg/m2), duration of surgery longer than 6 hours and family history of VTE were key risk factors of the occurrence of postoperative VTE.@*Conclusions@#The results of this survey are highly credible and are a good reflection of the current status of VTE prevention and treatment after thoracic surgery in China. This survey will play an important role in promoting VTE prevention and treatment in Chinese thoracic surgery department, it will also provide data support for government setting new policies, hospital construction of VTE prevention and control as well as raising physicians′ awareness.

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China Pharmacy ; (12): 2881-2884, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617698

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for the selection of new edition of Essential Medicine List by quantitative com-prehensive evaluation for additional essential medicine. METHODS:The evaluation factors were established according to Delphi method,and Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP)was conducted to compare the factors in pairs,construct the judgment matrix,cal-culate the weight coefficients of every factor and do the consistency test. RESULTS:The evaluation model was composed of 6 first-class indexes(including effectiveness,safety,stability,availability,affordability and adaptability)and 24 second-class index-es,and the weight of each index to the target layer was calculated. Among them,the weight of validity and security is the top two. CONCLUSIONS:The weight coefficient can be determined scientifically and reasonably by AHP,and the reliability and operability of the evaluation index system can be improved. It is a useful attempt to explore the selection system of additional essential medi-cine.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2077-2081, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically evaluate therapeutic efficacy of Yanhuning injection in the treatment of epidemic mumps,explore valid way of evidence-based review,provide reference for the selection of new essential medicine list. METH-ODS:Retrieved from PubMed,CJFD,Wanfang database and VIP,randomized controlled trials(RCTs)about Yanhuning injection alone or combined with other positive drugs(trial group)vs. other positive drugs(control group)in the treatment of epidemic mumps. Meta-analysis was conducted by using Rev Man 5.3 statistical software after quality evaluation by modified Jadad scale. RE-SULTS:Totally 26 RCTs were included,involving 2613 patients. Results of Meta-analysis showed,overall response rate [OR=5.28,95%CI(3.92,7.11),P<0.001] of trial group was significantly higher than that of control group;defervescence time [MD=-1.97,95%CI(-2.83,-1.12),P<0.001],swelling disappearance time [MD=-2.05,95%CI(-2.53,-1.58),P<0.001] and pain disappearance time [MD=-1.39,95%CI(-2.02,-0.75),P<0.001] of trial group were significantly shorter than those of control group,there was statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS:Yanhuning injection has good curative effect for epidemic mumps,and can significantly shorten defervescence time,swelling disappearance time and pain disappearance time.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4194-4196,4197, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for strengthening the cultural construction and promoting the cultural develop-ment of TCM in Chongqing. METHODS:Questionnaire was adopted to investigate the status quo and cognition of some citizens, staffs in medical and health institutions for the cultural construction of TCM in public TCM medical and health institutions above Grade Two in Chongqing,and the data was statistically analyzed. RESULTS:Totally 45 questionnaires were sent out for TCM med-ical and health institutions,45 were effectively received with effective recovery of 100%;3 500 were sent out for the citizens,2 250 were effectively received with effective recovery of 64.29%;1 100 were sent out for the staffs in TCM medical and health institu-tions,702 were effectively received with effective recovery of 63.82%. In terms of cultural construction in surveyed institutions,or-ganization,principles and unit markings carried out a relatively high proportion in the core cultural soft power construction,the de-velopment of behavioral norms system carried out a relatively low proportion;and the proportion was higher in the hardware envi-ronment construction. In terms of the cognition of surveyed citizens for the TCM culture,62.98% believed in TCM;the first rea-son for choosing TCM was its less side effects(24.76%);89.42% thought it was necessary to keep in good health. In terms of the cognition of surveyed staffs for the cultural construction of TCM,81.91%thought the TCM culture was taken seriously in their hos-pital;60.54% showed great satisfaction with the cultural construction of TCM;only 23.08% was very familiar with the concept of TCM core values;the surveyed staff thought the main problems in the cultural construction of TCM were lack of facilities (69.09%)and talent personals(44.59%). CONCLUSIONS:The organization,principles,unit markings and facilities in Chongq-ing TCM medical and health institutions are taken seriously,while the behavioral norms system needs to be strengthened;the citi-zens’cognition for TCM culture should to be improved,as well as the staffs’TCM cultural awareness in TCM medical and health institutions.

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