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1.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 348-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the molecular mechanism of zinc donor regulating macrophage polarization, and to explore the correlation between serum zinc content and the clinical index during radical resection of lung cancer.Methods:One hundred and thirty-two patients who undergoing radical resection of lung cancer were enrolled in this study. The serum zinc content was detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometry before operation. The patients were allocated into high-Zn group and low-Zn group. The blood samples of the included subjects were collected before operation (before), immediately after operation (POP1) and 6 hours after operation (POP2), and the plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and catalase were detected. The correlation between serum zinc content and clinical features were analyzed. Metrological statistics was performed by using t test or Mann- Whitney test, and counting statistics was performed by χ2 test. Results:The POP1-hs-CRP[(1.69±0.66)mg/L vs. (1.99±0.43)mg/L, POP2-hs-CRP[(3.51±1.01)mg/L vs. (4.59±0.78)mg/L] and other indicators of high-Zn group were significantly lower than those of low-Zn group.Conclusion:There is a negative correlation between serum zinc content and the inflammation during radical resection of lung cancer, suggesting that appropriate zinc supplementation has a protective effect on radical resection of lung cancer patients.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 289-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989449

ABSTRACT

The application of immunotherapy in advanced gastric cancer has become a research hotspot. At the same time, the combination of immunotherapy and neoadjuvant therapy is expected to further achieve tumor downstage, pathological remission, increase the proportion of R0 resection, which enhance the overall therapeutic effect of locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC). Whether neoadjuvant immunotherapy affects perioperative complications, adverse events, tumor pathological responses, and long-term survival in LAGC is still in the initial stage of clinical exploration, which depends on large-scale prospective phase III clinical studies to demonstrate its clinical value. Meanwhile, the application of new innovative drugs and comprehensive perioperative treatment, screening high-specific biomarkers for therapeutic prediction, and weighing the selection of neoadjuvant cycle and interval of treatment-operation time are helpful to optimize and standardize the rational application of neoadjuvant immunotherapy, and ultimately bring benefits to patients.

3.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 221-226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981256

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the death-related factors of elderly patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) treated by sequential mechanical ventilation,so as to provide evidence for clinical practice. Methods The clinical data of 1204 elderly patients (≥60 years old) with AECOPD treated by sequential mechanical ventilation from June 2015 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The probability and influencing factors of death were analyzed. Results Among the 1204 elderly patients with AECOPD treated by sequential mechanical ventilation,167 (13.87%) died.Multivariate analysis showed that plasma procalcitonin ≥0.5 μg/L (OR=2.762, 95%CI=1.920-3.972, P<0.001),daily invasive ventilation time ≥12 h (OR=2.202, 95%CI=1.487-3.262,P<0.001),multi-drug resistant bacterial infection (OR=1.790,95%CI=1.237-2.591,P=0.002),oxygenation index<39.90 kPa (OR=2.447,95%CI=1.625-3.685,P<0.001),glycosylated hemoglobin >6% (OR=2.288,95%CI=1.509-3.470,P<0.001),and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ score ≥25 points (OR=2.126,95%CI=1.432-3.156,P<0.001) were independent risk factors for death in patients with AECOPD treated by sequential mechanical ventilation.Oral care>twice/d (OR=0.676,95%CI=0.457-1.000,P=0.048) and sputum excretion>twice/d (OR=0.492, 95%CI=0.311-0.776, P=0.002) were independent protective factors for death in elderly patients with AECOPD treated by sequential mechanical ventilation. Conclusions The outcomes of sequential mechanical ventilation in the treatment of elderly patients with AECOPD are affected by a variety of factors.To reduce the mortality,we put forward the following measures:attaching great importance to severe patients,restoring oxygenation function,shortening unnecessary invasive ventilation time,controlling blood glucose,preventing multidrug resistant bacterial infection,oral care twice a day,and sputum excretion twice a day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Retrospective Studies , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Sputum
4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 113-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953767

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the surgical strategy of reoperative aortic root replacement after prior aortic valve replacement (AVR), and analyze the early and mid-term outcomes. Methods    From April 2013 to January 2020, 75 patients with prior AVR underwent reoperative aortic root replacement in Fuwai Hospital. There were 54 males and 21 females with a mean age of 56.4±12.7 years. An emergent operation was performed in 14 patients and an elective operation in 61 patients. The indications were aortic root aneurysm in 38 patients, aortic dissection involving aortic root in 30 patients, root false aneurysm in 2 patients, prosthesis valve endocarditis with root abscess in 2 patients, and Behçet's disease with root destruction in 3 patients. The survival and freedom from aortic events during the follow-up were evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test. Results    The operative procedures included prosthesis-sparing root replacement in 45 patients, Bentall procedure in 26 patients, and Cabrol procedure in 4 patients. Operative mortality was 1.3% (1/75). A composite of adverse events occurred in 5 patients, including operative death (n=1), stroke (n=1), and acute renal injury necessitating hemodialysis (n=3). The follow-up was available for all 74 survivors, with the mean follow-up time of 0.5-92.0 (30.3±25.0) months. Four late deaths occurred during the follow-up. The survival rate at 1 year, 3 years and 6 years was 97.2%, 91.4% and 84.4%, respectively. Aortic events developed in 2 patients. The rate of freedom from aortic events at 1 year, 3 years, and 6 years was 98.7%, 95.0% and 87.7%, respectively. There was no difference in rate of survival or freedom from aortic events between the elective patients and the emergent patients. Conclusion    Reoperative aortic root replacement after prior AVR can be performed to treat the root pathologies after AVR, with acceptable early and mid-term outcomes.

5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 250-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of the first-day suspension method for improving the success rate of construction of nasopharyngeal carcinoma-patient derived organoids (NPC-PDO). Methods: The tumor samples of 14 nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) patients, i.e.,13 males and 1 female, with a mean age of 43.0±12.0 years old, were collected from the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2022 to July 2022. The tumor samples of 3 patients were digested into single cell suspension and divided into 2 groups, for comparing the efficacy of NPC-PDO construction by the direct inoculation method and the first-day suspension method. The remaining 11 patients were randomized to receive either the direct inoculation method or the first-day suspension method for NPC-PDO construction. The diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the two methods were compared by optical microscope; the 3D cell viability detection kit was used to compare the cell viability; the survival rates were compared by trypan blue staining; the success rates of the two construction methods were compared; the number of cases which could be successfully passaged for more than 5 generations and were consistent with the original tissue by pathological examination was counted; and the dynamic changes of cells in suspension overnight were observed by live cell workstation. The independent sample t-test was applied to compare the measurement data of the two groups, and the chi-square test was used to compare the classification data. Results: Compared with the direct inoculation, the diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the first-day suspension method were increased, with a higher cell activity, and the success rate of construction was obviously improved (80.0% vs 16.7%, χ2=4.41, P<0.05). In the suspension state, some of the cells aggregated and increased their ability to proliferate. Conclusion: The first-day suspension method can improve the success rate of NPC-PDO construction, especially for those whose original tumor sample size is small.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , China , Microscopy , Organoids , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 802-807, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the thyroid function changes and clinical significance after acute traumatic and infectious abdominal surgery.Methods:The clinical data of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for acute traumatic and infectious abdominal surgery during the period from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2021 in the First Medical Center of People′s Liberation Army General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed using retrospective case-control study. Eligible cases were obtained according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and an observation group was set ( n=65). According to the factors such as gender, age, body mass index, and surgical site (organ), a 1∶1 propensity score matching method was used to match the same number of non-traumatic non-infectious abdominal surgery patients admitted in the same time interval, and they were set as the control group ( n=65). The preoperative white blood cells, neutrophils, interleukin -6, c-reactive protein, and procalcitonin were collected, and the thyroid function index for the first time after operation was calculated. The incidence of postoperative thyroid dysfunction was calculated. The thyroid function changes of patients with thyroid dysfunction after exogenous thyroid hormone replacement therapy and the effects on complications and mortality within 30 days were observed. Measurement data of normal distribution were expressed as mean standard deviation( ± s), and t-test was used for comparison between groups. Enumeration data were compared between groups using chi-square test. Results:In the observation group, there were 50 patients with thyroid dysfunction (76.9%). After a 1∶1 match, the baseline of the observation group and the control group was level and comparable. The preoperative inflammatory indexes such as leukocyte, neutrophil ratio, interleukin -6, C-reactive protein and procalcitonin in the observation group were (23.7±5.7)×10 12/L, 0.86±0.13, (66.7±16.3) ng/L, (365.8±77.9) mg/L and (17.9±3.5) μg/L, respectively. Those in the control group were (12.3±2.7)×10 12/L, 0.71±0.04, (8.5±4.7) ng/L, (14.3±6.5) mg/L and (1.3±0.6) μg/L, respectively. The elevations in the observation group were different from those in the control group( P<0.05). In the first postoperative thyroid function test, T3 and FT3 in the observation group were (1.07±0.54) nmol/L and (2.23±1.02) pmol/L, respectively, and those in the control group were (1.61±0.34) nmol/L and (4.36±1.25) pmol/L, respectively. These values in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group( P<0.05). On the 10th day after surgery, T3 and FT3 levels in the exogenous thyroid supplementation group rapidly increased and gradually returned to the normal level. In addition, the total hospitalization time of patients in the observation group was significantly shortened, and the incidence and mortality of postoperative complications were reduced. The results in the observation group were (13.47±4.66) d, 17.6% and 11.8%, respectively. The corresponding results in the control group were (16.33±5.18) d, 36.4% and 21.2%, respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant( P<0.05). Conclusion:The incidence of thyroid dysfunction after acute traumatic and infectious abdominal surgery is high, and exogenous thyroxine supplementation can improve the outcome of patients.

7.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 47-51, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987449

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the P300 evoked by Stroop Color Word Task in children with emotional neglect, and to explore their implication for inhibition control. MethodsA cluster sampling was conducted for the first grade students of a middle school in Sanmenxia City, Henan Province. The students from 3 classes were assessed by standard Raven reasoning test and Child Neglect Scale (CNS), and a total of 147 eligible students were screened out. Children were divided into the emotional neglect group (n=40) and the control group (n=40) according to the 27% before and after the score of CNS emotional neglect factor. Both groups completed the Stroop Color word task, and EEG data were collected to compare the response time, accuracy, amplitude and latency of P300 between the two groups. ResultsThe CNS total score and the scores of safety neglect, communication neglect, physical neglect and emotional neglect factors in the emotional neglect group were significantly higher than those in control group (t=15.003, 4.301, 11.495, 4.803, 23.957, P<0.01). The average reaction time in the incongruent task of emotional neglect group was significantly longer than that in the control group [(879.02±101.52) ms vs. (756.93±113.91) ms, t=5.061, P<0.01]. Under incongruent task, the average amplitude of P300 in emotional neglect group was lower than that of the control group [(3.97±1.12) μV vs. (8.71±1.24) μV, t=-17.976, P<0.01]. The average latency of P300 of emotional neglect group was longer than that of the control group [(361.81±39.69) ms vs. (301.35±33.67) ms, t=7.346, P<0.01]. ConclusionUnder incongruent task, children with emotional neglect had longer response time, longer latency and lower amplitude of P300, which suggested that children with affective neglect may have inhibition and control disorder.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 244-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913119

ABSTRACT

3-iodothyronamine(T1AM)is an endog enous derivative of thyroid hormone. It can also be used as exogenous drug. It can play pharmacological effects such as reducing cardiac output and coronary flow ,slowing heart rate ,promoting lipolysis , reducing basic metabolism and improving learning and memory ability. Its regulatory effect on metabolism is similar to that of thyroxine,but regulatory effect on heart and thermogenic function is opposite to that of thyroxine. As a new chemical messenger , T1AM can exert different pharmacological effects through a variety of receptors and signal pathways. This review summarizes the research progress of various pharmacological effects and mechanisms of exogenous T 1AM,in order to provide new therapeutic drugs of cardiovascular ,metabolic diseases and nervous system diseases.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 52-56, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935579

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the influence factors of short-term recurrence after complete surgical resection of retroperitoneal liposarcoma. Methods: The clinicopathological data of retroperitoneal liposarcoma at Department of General Surgery, the First Medical Center, People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2000 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 60 males and 31 females, aged (52.1±9.9) years (range: 30 to 84 years). Tumor recurrence within 12 months after complete resection was defined as short-term recurrence, and tumor recurrence more than 12 months was defined as non-short-term recurrence. The t test, rank-sum test, χ2 test and Fisher exact test were conducted for inter-group comparison. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent influence factors for the short-term recurrence of retroperitoneal liposarcoma after complete resection. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to calculate the recurrence-free survival, and the Log-rank test was adopted for the comparison between the groups. Results: The univariate analysis results showed that irregular tumor morphology, multiple pathological subtypes, pathological scores>3, and multiple primary tumors are influence factors for short-term recurrence after complete resection of retroperitoneal liposarcoma (χ2: 4.422 to 7.773, all P<0.05). Regression analysis of the above risk factors showed that multiple primary tumors was the independent risk factor (OR=2.918, 95%CI: 1.127 to 7.556, P=0.027). In the short-term recurrence group, Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that patients with multiple primary tumors had a shorter median recurrence time than patients with unifocal tumor (6 months vs. 9 months, P=0.028). Conclusions: Multiple primary tumor is an independent risk factor for short-term recurrence after complete resection of retroperitoneal liposarcoma. It suggests that the frequency of follow-up after surgery should be increased for such patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Liposarcoma/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 533-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935320

ABSTRACT

Calcium plays an important role in various physiological activities of the human body, and long-term insufficient or excessive intake of calcium will have a negative impact on the body's health. Existing data show that insufficient dietary calcium intake is closely related to bone health, but the non-bone effects are not clear. Increasing dietary calcium and supplementing calcium (with or without vitamin D) have a certain beneficial effect on the bone mineral density and its peak of adolescents and can delay the bone loss of the elderly, but it can't improve the height and bone mineral density of adults and fracture in the elderly. This article introduces the physiological functions of calcium, dietary sources, human intake, and methods for formulating recommended amounts, and summarizes the relationship between calcium and health effects. It also recommends that when formulating the reference intake of dietary calcium for Chinese residents, more consideration should be given to the data and information of the Chinese population, combined with the characteristics of Chinese residents' genetics, absorption and metabolism.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Bone Density , Calcium , Calcium, Dietary/analysis , China/epidemiology , Vitamin D
11.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 652-657, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the latent categories of child security and analyze domain-specific roles of child neglect on security among children aged 10-13 years.Methods:From October to December 2019, the security questionnaire (SQ), child neglect scale (CNS) and Buss-Perry aggression questionnaire (BPAQ) were used to investigate 577 children aged 10-13 years. Mplus 7.0 software was used for latent profile analysis (LPA) to explore the latent categories of child security. SPSS 22.0 software was used for multinomial Logistic regression to examine the effects of different domains of child neglect on the child security categories.Results:(1) Child security was divided into three categories named "medium-slightly low-security subgroup (48.9%)" , "high-security subgroup (31.8%)" , and "inability control subgroup (19.3%)" (entropy = 0.90, Lo-Mendell-Rubin likelihood, and Bootstrapped likelihood ratio test, all P<0.01). (2) Child security(35.06±6.08, 51.49±4.99, 69.67±6.13, F=1 378.09, P<0.01), neglect(71.09±20.58, 59.96±12.90, 50.76±9.27, F=74.50, P<0.01), and aggression(54.31±15.23, 46.44±12.46, 34.19±12.61, F=90.95, P<0.01) were significantly different among the "medium-slightly low-security subgroup" , "high-security subgroup" , and "inability control subgroup" . (3)Compared with "high-security subgroup" , the proportion of children with poor parental relationship and low paternal education level were higher in the other two subgroups(all P<0.05), while the proportion of children in the fifth grade were lower(all P<0.05). (4)In " inability control subgroup" , safe neglect had no impact on security( B=0.01, OR=1.02, 95% CI=0.91-1.13, P>0.05), while physical neglect ( B=0.13, OR=1.14, 95% CI=1.01-1.28), affection neglect( B=0.14, OR=1.15, 95% CI=1.07-1.23), and communication neglect( B=0.15, OR=1.16, 95% CI=1.03-1.30) predicted the "inability control subgroup" (all P<0.05). Only communication neglect predicted the "medium-slightly low-security subgroup" ( B=0.16, OR=1.17, 95% CI=1.07-1.28, P<0.01). Conclusion:Security is heterogenous with three latent categories among Children aged 10-13 years. Child neglect plays domain-specific roles in different child security categories.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 855-858, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939993

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the changes of bone mineral density of distal femur and proximal tibia in patients with spinal cord injury. MethodsNine inpatients with spinal cord injury in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital for rehabilitation from November, 2018 to January, 2021 were recruited. The bone mineral density of distal femur, proximal tibia, total hip and femoral neck at admission and six months after admission was measured. ResultsCompared with the results of admission, the bone mineral density of distal femur, proximal tibia, total hip and femoral neck decreased significantly six months after admission (∣Z∣ > 2.265, P < 0.01). The percentage of decreased bone mineral density in the femoral neck was inversely correlated with the lower extremity movement score at the second measurement (r = -0.515, P = 0.035). ConclusionWithin one year after the onset of spinal cord injury, the bone mineral density of distal femur and proximal tibia decreases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 40-47, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936044

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the independent risk factors of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in early gastric cancer, and to use nomogram to construct a prediction model for above LNM. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Inclusion criteria: (1) primary early gastric cancer as stage pT1 confirmed by postoperative pathology; (2) complete clinicopathological data. Exclusion criteria: (1) patients with advanced gastric cancer, stump gastric cancer or history of gastrectomy; (2) early gastric cancer patients confirmed by pathology after neoadjuvant chemotherapy; (3) other types of gastric tumors, such as lymphoma, neuroendocrine tumor, stromal tumor, etc.; (4) primary tumors of other organs with gastric metastasis. According to the above criteria, 1633 patients with early gastric cancer who underwent radical gastrectomy at the Department of General Surgery of the Chinese PLA General Hospital First Medical Center from December 2005 to December 2020 were enrolled as training set, meanwhile 239 patients with early gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy at the Department of General Surgery of the Chinese PLA General Hospital Fourth Medical Center from December 2015 to December 2020 were enrolled as external validation set. Risk factors of LNM in early gastric cancer were identified by using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. A nomogram prediction model was established with significant factors screened by multivariate analysis. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used for assessing the predictive value of the model. Calibration curve was drawn for external validation. Results: Among 1633 patients in training set, the mean number of retrieved lymph nodes was 20 (13-28), and 209 patients (12.8%) had lymph node metastasis. Univariate analysis showed that gender, resection range, tumor location, tumor morphology, lymph node clearance, vascular invasion, lymphatic cancer thrombus, tumor length, tumor differentiation, microscopic presence of signet ring cells and depth of tumor invasion were associated with LNM (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that females, tumor morphology as ulcer type, vascular invasion, lymphatic cancer thrombus, tumor length≥3 cm, deeper invasion of mucosa, and poor differentiation were independent risk factors for LNM in early gastric cancers (all P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that AUC of training set was 0.818 (95%CI: 0.790-0.847) and AUC of external validation set was 0.765 (95%CI: 0.688-0.843). The calibration curve showed that the LNM probability predicted by nomogram was consistent with the actual situation (C-index: 0.818 in training set and 0.765 in external validation set). Conclusions: Females, tumor morphology as ulcer type, vascular invasion, lymphatic cancer thrombus, tumor length≥3 cm, deeper invasion of mucosa and poor differentiation are independent risk factors for LNM of early gastric cancer. The establishment of a nomogram prediction model for LNM in early gastric cancer has great diagnostic value and can provide reference for treatment selection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Gastrectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 687-690, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of CBL combined with clinical pathway teaching in the teaching of general practitioner job-transfer training of cardiology department.Methods:From May 2018 to March 2019, a total of 63 students taking the general practitioner job-transfer training in our hospital were enrolled in this study, and randomized into control group ( n=30) and test group ( n=33). The control group used traditional teaching mode, the test group adopted CBL combined with clinical pathway teaching method. At the end of the training, the scores of theoretical and operational examination were compared between the two groups, and the satisfaction of the training was evaluated by questionnaire survey. Results:The scores of theory test and practical skills in the test group were all higher than those in the control group [(83.57±4.32) vs. (77.10±4.72), t=-5.678, P<0.001; (78.24±5.28) vs. (70.83±5.86), t=-5.279, P<0.001], and the test group was also better than the control group in the satisfaction survey of standardizing diagnosis and treatment, and improving learning interest, doctor-patient communication and physical examination skills ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the teaching of general practitioner job-transfer training of cardiology department, CBL combined with clinical pathway teaching has shown better performance than the traditional teaching mode, which is worth promoting in general practitioner job-transfer training.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 156-163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the relationship between bone metabolism biochemical markers and clinic features in patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From July, 2018 to December, 2019, totally 135 patients with spinal cord injury were enrolled. They were assessed with American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS). β-collagen type I C-terminal telopeptide (β-CTX), total N-terminal propeptide of type I precollagen (TP1NP), 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum calcium and serum phosphorus were measured. The level of TP1NP, β-CTX, 25(OH)D and PTH among clinical characteristics (gender, age, disease course, AIS grade and so on) were analyzed. Results:The levels of β-CTX and 25(OH)D were lower in women than in men (|t| > 2.044, P < 0.01). There was difference in the level of 25(OH)D among different ages (F = 3.156, P < 0.05). The levels of β-CTX and TP1NP increased in the first four months after spinal cord injury, and decreased then; while the level of PTH decreased in the first four months, and increased then (P < 0.001). The level of β-CTX was lower in patients of AIS D than in patients of AIS A and C (t >2.679, P < 0.05). The level of TP1NP was higher in paraplegics than in quadriplegics (Z = -2.035, P < 0.05). The level of β-CTX was higher in patients with fractures or surgeries involving bone than in patients without fractures or surgeries involving bone (t = 2.169, P < 0.05). There was no difference in all the bone metabolism markers between patients with and without lower extremity motor function (t < 0.839, Z < 1.822, P > 0.05). The ratio of 25(OH)D deficience was 85.19%. Conclusion:Bone conversion was active in the first four months after spinal cord injury, and decreased gradually then, which may be related to fractures of spine or surgeries involving spine after injury. The effect of spinal cord injury on bone metabolism markers is not clear. Most of patients with spinal cord injury were lack of vitamin D.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 150-155, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence and related factors of autonomic dysreflexia (AD) during intermittent catheterization in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods:Case control study was used in this study. Intermittent catheterization was performed on 44 SCI patients hospitalized from April, 2019 to April, 2020, The data of age, gender, time after injury, segment of injury, degree of injury, resting blood pressure, immediate blood pressure after catheterization, catheterization numbers, catheterization volume and duration of catheterization were collected. Descriptive analysis and binary Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the occurrence and related factors of AD. Results:Totally, AD happened in 26 (59.1%) patients. Urethral catheterization was done 1738 times, out of which AD accounted for 187 times (10.8%). The risk of AD increased with the time after injury and age (P < 0.05). The probability of AD was lower in T7 SCI and below than in T6 SCI and above (P = 0.002). Catheterization numbers, gender, degree of injury, catheterization volume and duration of catheterization were not influencing factors of AD (P > 0.05). Conclusion:It is necessary to have a full understanding for the occurrence of AD in patients with SCI during intermittent catheterization. For patients with SCI in T6 and above, long time after injury and elderly patients, routine monitoring of blood pressure during intermittent catheterization is recommended to detect and deal with AD in time.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 456-465, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical manifestations and MRI features of pediatric spinal cord injury (SCI) after back bend. Methods:A retrospective study was performed. All the medical records and MRI images of children with SCI after back bend were identified in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital from January 1st, 2002 to August 31st, 2020. Results:A total of 120 SCI children after back bend were reviewed, out of whom 119 cases were girls, one case was boy. The age ranged from 38 to 162 months, with the median age of 76 months. More cases were discovered in July and September every year (32 cases, 26.7%), as well as in weekends (67 cases, 55.8%). The main clinical manifestations were sensory and motor dysfunction of both lower limbs (120 cases, 100%), bladder and bowl incontinence (120 cases, 100%). The common first symptoms included sudden attack of lumbar pain (39 cases, 32.5%), lower limbs paralysis (30cases, 25.0%) and leg pain (10 cases, 8.3%). The peak time of symptoms ranged from five minutes to two days, with the median time of 50 minutes. The MRI features of 104 children with SCI within one week after back bend were as follows: the abnormal signals of MRI in spinal cord involved lower cervical and all the following segments of spinal cord. The number of the segments of spinal cord with abnormal signals ranged from two to 15, with the median of seven segments. The most common segments with abnormal signals were T9 (96 cases, 92.3%), T10 (96 cases, 92.3%) and T11 (90 cases, 86.5%). Among the cases followed up, 48 cases with complete injury demonstrated a vast and serous spinal cord atrophy (SCA) below the injury segments as early as 37 days after the injury, the SCA would become worse at the chronic stage and maybe involve the spinal cord above the injury segments. In 31 cases with incomplete injury, the abnormal signals of MRI in spinal cord were limited in the lumbar enlargement, with a various degree of SCA at the late stage. All the cases were diagnosed as SCI without radiologic abnormality, out of whom 89 (74.2%) cases suffered from thoracic complete SCI, 31 (25.8%) cases suffered thoracic or lumbar incomplete SCI. The common complications included scoliosis, hip joint dysplasia, urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis, osteoporosis, pathological fracture of lower limbs and valgus knee. Conclusion:The main clinical symptoms of pediatric SCI after back bend were sudden lumbar pain, sensory and motor dysfunction of both lower limbs, and bladder and bowl incontinence. Most of the cases were thoracic complete SCI, the MRI features at the early stage were multiple segments of abnormal signals of spinal cord around T9 and T10, and later an extensive severe SCA below the injury segments to the conus medullaris, accompanied by the SCA above the injury segments.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 706-711, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the outcome of neurological function and the clinical characteristics of complications in children with spinal cord injury. Methods:From 2011 to 2019, children under 15 years old with spinal cord injury were selected in our hospital. Their level of injury and American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) at one month, three months and one year were recorded. And the complications such as pressure ulcers/scald, urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux, constipation, osteoporosis/fracture, deep vein thrombosis, neurodynia, heterotopic ossification, scoliosis and hip dysplasia were analyzed. Results:Of 159 individuals, 41 were boys and 118 were girls, the average age at injury was (6.08±2.57) years. The main cause of spinal cord injury was sports accidents (47.8%), and the main injury sites were thoracic spinal cord injury (89.3%). The cause of spinal cord injury was correlated with age at injury (r = -0.160, P = 0.044), gender (r = -0.458, P < 0.001) and injury sites (r = -0.249, P = 0.002). Complete spinal cord injury counted for 71.7%, and the AIS grade at one month was correlated with that at twelve months (r = 0.984, P < 0.001). The main complications were urinary tract infection (69.2%), constipation (67.9%), hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux (37.7%), scoliosis (25.8%) and hip dysplasia (25.2%). The incidence of ulcers/scald was correlated with injury site (r = 0.179, P = 0.024). The AIS grade three months after injury was significantly correlated with urinary tract infection, constipation, scoliosis and hip dysplasia (|r| > 0.227, P < 0.01). The incidence of ulcers/scald was correlated with osteoporosis/fracture (r = 0.208, P < 0.01). The incidence of urinary tract infection was significantly correlated with hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux, constipation, scoliosis and hip dysplasia (r > 0.261, P < 0.001), as well as osteoporosis/fracture (r = 0.195, P < 0.05). The incidence of hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux was significantly correlated with constipation, osteoporosis/fracture, scoliosis and hip dysplasia (r > 0.146, P < 0.01). The incidence of constipation was significantly correlated with scoliosis and hip dysplasia (r > 0.313, P < 0.01), as well as osteoporosis/fracture (r = 0.160, P < 0.05). The incidence of osteoporosis/fracture was significantly correlated with scoliosis and hip dysplasia (r > 0.342, P < 0.01). The incidence of scoliosis was significantly correlated with hip dysplasia (r = 0.818, P < 0.001). Conclusion:The recovery of neurological function after spinal cord injury in children is closely correlated to AIS. The outcome of complete spinal cord injury is poor. The common complications after spinal cord injury in children demonstrate specific age characteristics, and the incidence of urinary tract infection, constipation, hydronephrosis/vesicoureteral reflux, scoliosis and hip dysplasia are common complications, which need more attention.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 943-950, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of old patients with spinal cord injury. Methods:From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2019, totally 386 old (≥ 60 years) patients with spinal cord injury were enrolled. Their gender, age, etiology, American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) and complications were analyzed. Results:In the old patients with spinal cord injury, traumatic spinal cord injury was more common in males (71.17%) and non-traumatic spinal cord injury was more common in females (56.19%). Fall on level surface was the most important cause of spinal cord injury both in old men (28.83%) and women (24.76%). Tumor (19.05%) was the most common non-traumatic cause of spinal cord injury in old female patients. Cervical segment (78.46%) was the most common site of injury in old traumatic spinal cord injury, while thoracic segment (52.14%) was the most common site of injury in non-traumatic spinal cord injury. Grade D (38.08%) was the most common AIS grade, followed by grades C (28.76%), A (21.50%), and B (11.66%). Spinal canal stenosis (23.31%) played an important role in the etiology of old spinal cord injury. Neuralgia, venous thrombosis of lower extremities and urinary tract infection were the most common complications in old patients with spinal cord injury. Conclusion:Fall on level surface is the leading cause of spinal cord injury in old patients, and the proportion of fall in the etiology of old spinal cord injury tends to increase with age. It is important to take effective measures to avoid falling in the old adults to prevent spinal cord injury.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 165-168, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883851

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) before mechanical ventilation in patients with malignant tumors.Methods:A retrospective nested case-control study was conducted. Patients with malignant tumor treated by mechanical ventilation admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from February 2015 to February 2020 were enrolled. The patients with VAP were selected as the case group, and the matched non-VAP cases were selected according to 1∶2 as the control group. The clinical data were collected, and the differences of each index between the two groups were compared. The influencing factors of VAP in patients with malignant tumor were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression.Results:During the study period, 1 271 patients with malignant tumors were treated with mechanical ventilation, of which 241 cases had VAP, and the incidence of VAP was 18.96%. There were 232 VAP patients in the case group matched 464 non-VAP patients in the control group. The clinical data of age, gender, hospitalization diagnosis, primary tumor, regional lymph node and distant metastasis (TNM) stage, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ), complications, duration of mechanical ventilation, hemoglobin (Hb) and serum albumin (Alb) levels were balanced and comparable between the two groups, and the cluster nursing measures were consistent. Compared with the control group, although there was no significant difference in neutrophil count (NEU) and lymphocyte count (LYM) in the case group [NEU (×10 9/L): 3.81±1.07 vs. 3.64±1.05, LYM (×10 9/L): 2.06±0.59 vs. 2.15±0.62, both P > 0.05], NLR was significantly increased (2.07±1.05 vs. 1.89±0.96, P < 0.05), and the hospital stay was significantly longer (days: 24.84±3.81 vs. 13.19±3.98, P < 0.01). NLR, gender, age, APACHEⅡ score, TNM stage, Hb, serum Alb and duration of mechanical ventilation were included in multivariate Logistic regression analysis. The results showed that patients with elevated NLR had higher risk of VAP [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.187, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.015-1.387, P = 0.032]. In patients with VAP, NLR was negatively correlated with the time of mechanical ventilation before VAP (r = -0.327, P = 0.000), and positively correlated with the time of treatment with antibiotics after VAP (r = 0.559, P = 0.000). Conclusion:Elevated NLR in patients with malignant tumors who were on mechanical ventilation can significantly increase the risk of VAP and increase the difficulty of treatment.

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