Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 327
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 338-340, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923100

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the effect of sunlike spectrum LED illumination on retinal blood flow perfusion, and to explore the the correlation between sunlike spectrum LED illumination and eye health indicators in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A randomized control double blind trial was conducted. The ordinary LED table lamp in the control group(11) and the sunlike spectrum LED table lamp in the experimental group(12) had a fitting degree of 87% and 95% with the daylighting spectrum, respectively. Two sample independent t test and multivariable linear regression model were applied to compare the changes of retinal blood perfusion before and after the trial.@*Results@#After near reading for 1 hour, the retinal capillary density in the superficial and deep layers of the subjects in the ordinary LED illumination group decreased (superficial layer: -3.05±2.04 , P <0.01; deep layer: -4.03± 4.94, P =0.02), no significant decrease was found in the sunlike spectrum LED illumination group (superficial layer: -0.59± 1.44, P =0.18; deep layer: -0.49±4.27, P =0.70). Multivariable regression analysis found that compared with ordinary LED illumination, sunlike spectrum LED illumination could significantly alleviate the decrease in capillary density in the superficial and deep retinal layers, respectively ( β =2.83, 95% CI =1.54-4.12, P <0.01; β =4.21,95% CI =0.58-7.84, P =0.02).@*Conclusion@#Sunlike spectrum LED illumination can alleviate the decrease in retinal blood perfusion caused by near work among children and adolescents, suggesting that it may delay the onset and development of myopia. Prevention and control of myopia needs to pay attention to the spectral power distribution of artificial illumination.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 240-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 155 recipients undergoing lung transplantation in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of central airway stenosis following lung transplantation, all recipients were divided into the stenosis group (n=36) and control group (n=119). The incidence of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation was summarized. The risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results Among 155 lung transplant recipients, 36 cases (23.2%) developed central airway stenosis. The average incidence time was (53±13) d after lung transplantation. Univariate analysis demonstrated that bilateral lung transplantation, grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time, long mechanical ventilation time and long intensive care unit (ICU) stay were the risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time were the independent risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Airway fungal infection after lung transplantation, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time probably lead to central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Active preventive measures and intimate monitoring should be taken to improve the quality of life of the recipients after lung transplantation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907846

ABSTRACT

The occurrence and progression of thyroid cancer are related to a series of molecular changes and the activation of signaling pathways, which is the basis of targeted therapy. For inoperable locally advanced, metastatic and refractory thyroid cancer, especially anaplastic thyroid cancer, the efficacy of targeted therapies, particularly tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) , has been demonstrated in clinical trials. TKIs can relieve clinical symptoms, improve patients’quality of life, prolong the progress free survival, and even create opportunities for radical operation or reoperation. This article reviews and summarizes the key molecular events in tumorigenesis and progression of thyroid cancer, and analyzes the results of clinical studies on the efficacy and safety of different TKIs in refractory advanced thyroid cancer, in order to provide reference and assistance for individualized targeted therapy of patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the chemical constituents of Puerariae Flos from three different varieties of <italic>Pueraria montana</italic> var. <italic>lobata</italic>, <italic>P. montana</italic> var. <italic>thomsonii</italic> and <italic>P</italic>. <italic>montana</italic> var<italic>. montana</italic>. Method:Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-20 min, 10%-30%B; 20-30 min, 30%-55%B; 30-35 min, 55%-95%B; 35-37 min, 95%B; 37-40 min, 95%-10%B), the flow rate was 0.25 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Electrospray ionization (ESI) was used to scan and collect MS data in positive and negative ion modes with scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 500. The chemical components from different sources of Puerariae Flos were identified in combination with the chemical composition database and literature information. After the obtained data were normalized by MarkerView<sup>TM</sup> 1.2.1, they were imported into SICMA-P 14.1 software for principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) to select the main differentiated components among the three different varieties. Result:A total of 35 compounds were identified from three different varieties of Puerariae Flos, including 22 isoflavones, 6 flavonoids and 7 saponins. The flowers of <italic>P</italic>. <italic>lobata</italic>, <italic>P. montana</italic> var. <italic>thomsonii</italic> and <italic>P</italic>. <italic>montana</italic> var<italic>. montana</italic> contained 32, 35, 33 compounds, respectively. And 18 differential compounds were screened under the positive and negative ion modes, including kakkalide, tectoridin, 6″-<italic>O</italic>-xylosyl-tectoridin, 4'-methyltectorigenin-7-glucoside, glycitin, 6″-<italic>O</italic>-xylosyl-glycitin, irisolidone, kaikasaponin Ⅲ, 6″-<italic>O</italic>-malonylglycitin, kakkalidone, tectorigenin, rutin, soyasaponin BB, vitexin, biochanin A, genistin, kakkatin, azukisaponin Ⅱ. Conclusion:This research is the first to systematically study the chemical constituents of the flower of <italic>P</italic>. <italic>montana</italic> var<italic>. montana</italic>, although the flower of <italic>P</italic>. <italic>montana</italic> var<italic>. montana</italic> is used as adulterants, it has high contents of tectoridin and 6″-<italic>O</italic>-xylosyl-tectoridin, which has great potential for development. The efficacy components such as kakkalide and tectoridin in Puerariae Flos from the three sources of varieties are obviously different, and it is necessary to carefully consider the application of these three varieties as Puerariae Flos.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified Buyang Huanwu Tang in the treatment of chronic heart failure. Method:CNKI database,Wanfang database,VIP database,Pubmed,MEDLINE,EMBASE and Cochrane database were retrieved systematically. The literature retrieval period is from no limit to December 2019,with "Buyang Huanwu Tang" and "chronic heart failure" "heart failure" as the key words for full-text retrieval of Chinese and English databases. Literatures of randomized controlled trials(RCTs) for chronic heart failure were included, and the data were extracted. Cochrane system evaluation method was used to score the quality of literature. Stata 14.0 was applied in Meta-analysis on the retrieval results. TSA0.9 was applied in test sequential analysis. Sensitivity analysis was made to explain heterogeneity,and funnel chart was used to evaluate publication bias. Result:A total of 2 037 patients were included in 21 RCT studies. The article quality risk assessment was generally unclear risk of bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group,with statistically significant differences [MD=0.901,95% CI (0.772,1.029),P<0.01],the left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDd) in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group,with statistically significant differences [OR=-0.650,95% CI=(-0.854,-0.446),P<0.01],BNP in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group,with statistically significant differences [MD=-1.212,95% CI=(-1.359,-1.066),P<0.01],6-minute walk test (6MWT) in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group,with statistically significant differences [MD=0.797, 95% CI=(0.447,1.146),P<0.01],and the effective rate in the experimental group was significantly improved,with statistically significant differences [OR=1.840,95% CI=(1.680,2.016),P<0.01]. Conclusion:Modified Buyang Huanwu Tang combined with conventional western medicine treatment of chronic heart failure is more effective than single administration of western medicine treatment,and can improve clinical efficacy, effectively improve the LVEF of patients with chronic heart failure,reduce the LVEDd reduces plasma BNP levels,prolong the 6-minute walking distance,and reduce the incidence of adverse reactions.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1475-1479, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904580

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influence of parental company before and after having second child on the emotional and behavioral problems of preschool firstborn children, and to provide a reference for emotional problems prevention of firstborn children.@*Methods@#Questionnaire survey was conducted among mothers of firstborn children who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria from two Grade A hospitals in Chongqing from March to December 2019. The average age of 845 firstborn children was (3.56±1.24) years old. The chi square test was used to compare the general characteristics and parent company of boys and girls. Rank sum test was used to compare the differences of emotional and behavioral problems of firstborn children with different parents company. Multiple linear regression models were used to compare the differences of internalizing, externalizing and total problems in firstborn children with different parents company.@*Results@#After having the second child, parents spent less time with their firstborn children, among which the decrease of the accompanying time of the mother and the total accompanying time of the parents were statistically significant( Z =3.76, 2.86, P <0.05). The scores of internalizing problem were higher when the mother s company time decreased ( B=1.18, 95%CI = 0.01 -2.36) and the parents total company time decreased( B=1.41, 95%CI =0.33-2.48). The scores of the externalizing problem ( B=1.25, 95%CI =0.10-2.39) and the total problem ( B=4.31, 95%CI =1.05-7.57) with the decrease of parents total company time were higher.@*Conclusion@#Parent company has an important influence on the emotional and behavioral problems of firstborn children. Firstborn children whose parents accompanying time decreases after having second children scored higher on emotional and behavioral problems.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1460-1464, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904572

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between the emotional and behavioral problems and family relations of firstborn children from an urban area of Chongqing during the role transition period, to provide a scientific basis for creating a good family relationship and to reduce the occurrence of children s emotional behavior problems.@*Methods@#Totally 1 359 mothers of children in the role transition period were recruited from obstetric clinics at two Grade A hospitals in Chongqing, and mothers with informed consent using self designed questionnaire and parental version of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). It was analyzed the association between family relationships and the emotional/behavioral problems of firstborn children of different ages. SPSS statistical software (version 20) was used for the descriptive statistical analysis, chi square test, and multiple linear regression analysis.@*Results@#The parental relationship (56.6%), mother child relationship (80.4%) and father child relationship (64.9%) of most firstborn children was good, and 61.7% of families enjoyed a harmonious atmosphere. For the age groups 1.5-5 years and 6-13 years, the respective CBCL total scores were (18.22±13.63) and (24.20±17.52), and the detection rates were 10.7% and 10.5%, respectively. The results of the multiple linear regression analysis showed that, for both age groups, firstborn children who had good parental relationships, good mother child relationships, good father child relationships, and a harmonious family atmosphere exhibited fewer internalizing, externalizing and overall emotional behavior problems ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The total detection rate of emotional and behavioral problems among firstborn children in the role transition period, which is low. Good parental relationships, good parent child relationships, and a harmonious family atmosphere are protective factors against emotional and behavioral disorders in firstborn children during the role transition period.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921547

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GISTs)in the stomach,duodenum,and rectum have low occurrence,and the coexistence GISTs in three parts with neurofibromatosis type Ⅰ(NF-Ⅰ)is even rare.This paper reports a case of GISTs with a family history of NF-Ⅰ.There were multiple nodular masses of different sizes on the patient's face,trunk,and limbs.The patient was admitted due to chest tightness for 5 days and black stools for 1 day.Enhanced CT examination of the abdomen suggested multiple space-occupying lesions in the upper abdomen with multiple small nodules under the abdominal wall,and neurofibromatosis and intestinal stromal tumor cannot be excluded.Finally,surgical pathology confirmed that the multiple tumors in the abdominal cavity were GISTs.The case was confirmed as wild-type GISTs by genetic testing,and the patient recovered well nearly one year after the operation.


Subject(s)
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/genetics , Humans , Neurofibromatosis 1/genetics
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 885-892, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921292

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the cardiovascular function in rats with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the potential association with the activities of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) and the medial habenular nucleus (MHb). Multi-channel in vivo recordings were used to simultaneously acquire spontaneous neuronal firing and peripheral physiological indices, and FluoroGold (FG) retrograde tracing technique was used to observe the projections of labeled neurons in the MHb. The results showed that the discharge frequency of RVLM and MHb neurons, the systolic blood pressure (SBP), and the mean arterial pressure (MAP) in the PTSD group were all increased significantly compared with those in control group (P < 0.05). MHb neurons were retrogradely labeled by FG through microinjection (4% FG, 0.5 μL) into the RVLM. In the control group, electrical stimulation in the MHb increased heart rate (HR) at 100-300 μA (P < 0.05), elevated SBP and MAP at 200-300 μA (P < 0.05), and remarkably increased the RVLM neuronal discharge frequency at 100-500 μA (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). In the PTSD group, however, only the discharge frequency of RVLM neurons was increased by the electrical stimulation at 100-300 μA (P < 0.05). These results suggest that cardiovascular activities of the PTSD model rat are enhanced, and this change may be related to the activity changes of RVLM and MHb and the potential connection between the two nuclei.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure , Medulla Oblongata , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2992-2998, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Single subcortical infarction (SSI) is caused by two main etiological subtypes, which are branch atheromatous disease (BAD) and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD)-related SSI. We applied the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-BJ), the Shape Trail Test (STT), and the Stroop Color and Word Test (SCWT) to investigate the differences in cognitive performance between these two subtypes of SSI.@*METHODS@#Patients with acute SSIs were prospectively enrolled. The differences of MoCA-BJ, STT, and SCWT between the BAD group and CSVD-related SSI group were analyzed. A generalized linear model was used to analyze the associations between SSI patients with different etiological mechanisms and cognitive function. We investigated the correlations between MoCA-BJ, STT, and SCWT using Spearman's correlation analysis and established cut-off scores for Shape Trail Test A (STT-A) and STT-B to identify cognitive impairment in patients with SSI.@*RESULTS@#This study enrolled a total of 106 patients, including 49 and 57 patients with BAD and CSVD-related SSI, respectively. The BAD group performances were worse than those of the CSVD-related SSI group for STT-A (83 [60.5-120.0] vs. 68 [49.0-86.5], P = 0.01), STT-B (204 [151.5-294.5] vs. 153 [126.5-212.5], P = 0.015), and the number of correct answers on Stroop-C (46 [41-49] vs. 49 [45-50], P = 0.035). After adjusting for age, years of education, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and lesion location, the performance of SSI patients with different etiological mechanisms still differed significantly for STT-A and STT-B.@*CONCLUSIONS@#BAD patients were more likely to perform worse than CSVD-related SSI patients in the domains of language, attention, executive function, and memory. The mechanism of cognitive impairment after BAD remains unclear.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction , Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Executive Function , Humans , Mental Status and Dementia Tests
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2666-2674, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921171

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is an effective way for treating acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, its effects have not been established among AIS patients with unclear stroke symptoms or with stroke onset for >4.5 h.@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Google Scholar databases for randomized controlled trials that compared IVT (IVT group) and placebo or usual care (control group [CG]) in AIS patients with disease onset for >4.5 h. The outcomes of interest included the favorable functional outcome (defined as modified Rankin Scale [mRS] scores 0-1) at 90 days, the functional independence (defined as mRS scores 0-2) at 90 days, proportion of patients with symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) and death at 90 days. We assessed the risk of bias using the Cochrane tool. Pre-specified subgroup analyses were performed by age (≤70 years or >70 years), National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS, ≤10 or >10) and time window (4.5-9.0 h or >9.0 h).@*RESULTS@#Four trials involving 848 patients were eligible. The risk of bias of included trials was low. Patients in the IVT group were more likely to achieve favorable functional outcomes (45.8% vs. 36.7%; OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.12-1.96) and functional independence (63.8% vs. 55.7%; OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.08-1.90) at 90 days, but had higher risk of sICH (3.0% vs. 0.5%; OR 5.28, 95% CI 1.35-20.68) at 90 days than those in the CG. No significant difference in death at 90 days was found between the two groups (7.0% vs. 4.1%; OR 1.80; 95% CI 0.97-3.34).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Use of IVT in patients with extended time window may improve their functional outcomes at 90 days, although IVT may induce increased risk of sICH. Care of these patients should well balance the potential benefits and harms of IVT.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravenous , Aged , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke/drug therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 983-993, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911826

ABSTRACT

Based on a comprehensive literature review with long-term experiences of clinical practice and researches, the authors propose the following concepts of the diagnosis, treatment and research of acute cerebral small vessel disease: (1) Cerebral small vessel disease could be grouped into acute and non-acute categories. Acute cerebral small vessel disease indicates an acute stroke due to small vessel disease, including ischemic (ie. acute lacunar stroke) and hemorrhagic (hypertensive arteriopathy- and cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related intracerebral hemorrhage) stroke. (2) Acute ischemic cerebral small vessel disease, defined traditionally by the infarction size (lacunar stroke), is regarded as the syndrome caused by a variety of mechanisms recently, although mainly characterized by lipohyalinosis in the small arterioles. The understanding of pathological mechanisms has experienced a history from autopsy observation, to inference based on risk factors, and then to direct observation of arteriole morphology using high-resolution magnetic resonance angiography. The advancement in imaging technology has brought new opportunities for studies on pathological mechanisms of cerebral small vessel disease. (3) Acute cerebral small vessel disease is manifested as acute stroke, which could be with or without the non-acute symptoms or imaging markers. (4) Individualized treatment based on the pathogenesis is the future direction for practice and research of cerebral small vessel disease. Reducing the incidence, recurrence and major outcomes (death, disability and dementia) is the main target of prevention and treatment.

13.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 533-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886780

ABSTRACT

Lung transplantation is the only effective treatment of most end-stage lung diseases. Airway anastomotic complications are the main obstacles affecting the postoperative survival and quality of life of lung transplant recipients. Airway anastomotic stenosis is the most common airway anastomotic complication after lung transplantation. In recent years, improvements in the recipient selection, organ preservation, surgical techniques, postoperative intensive care management, immunosuppression, antifungal and endoscopic treatment have decreased the incidence of airway anastomotic stenosis and improved the surgical efficacy of lung transplantation and the survival of the recipients. In this article, the pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of airway anastomotic stenosis after lung transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for clinical research, diagnosis and treatment of airway anastomotic stenosis following lung transplantation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 226-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884993

ABSTRACT

It is important to investigate the mechanical effects of morphology of prostatic urethra (PU) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). PU and bladder neck transverse diameter ratio (RPU-1), which related to vortex, and their influence on urine flow were observed by CFD. The results showed that vortexes appeared and expanded with increasing RPU on both sides of PU when RPU-1>0.79, and velocity of external urethral orifice decreased gradually. CFD is an available method for urodynamics research. The quantitative simulation of the relationship between RPU-1 and vortex was proposed for the first time, providing a new idea for advancing theory of PU lumen repair in BPH.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1148-1157, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881190

ABSTRACT

As one of the most lethal diseases, pancreatic cancer shows a dismal overall prognosis and high resistance to most treatment modalities. Furthermore, pancreatic cancer escapes early detection during the curable period because early symptoms rarely emerge and specific markers for this disease have not been found. Although combinations of new drugs, multimodal therapies, and adjuvants prolong survival, most patients still relapse after surgery and eventually die. Consequently, the search for more effective treatments for pancreatic cancer is highly relevant and justified. As a newly re-discovered mediator of gasotransmission, hydrogen sulfide (H

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879172

ABSTRACT

Molecular pharmacognosy is a science of classification and identification, cultivation and protection, and production of active ingredients of graduated drugs at the molecular level. The proposal of molecular pharmacognosy allows the research of crude drugs to advance from the microscopic level to the genetic level. Pueraria lobata root, as a medicinal and edible plant, has high application value and economic value. There are many varieties that are easy to cause confusion, and it is not easy to distinguish and identify according to traditional identification methods. Moreover, the research of P. lobate root at the genetic level is still relatively shallow. the study received extensive attention of scholars. This article reviews recent research on molecular identification of P. lobate, transcriptome sequencing, cloning and synthesis of functional genes of P. lobate root in recent years in order to provide references for further promoting the development and utilization of P. lobate root and its active ingredients.


Subject(s)
Pharmacognosy , Plant Roots/genetics , Pueraria
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878326

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the association of socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract blindness in terms of year lived with disability (YLD) rates and to determine whether ultraviolet radiation (UVR) levels modify the effect of socioeconomic status on this health burden.@*Methods@#National and subnational age-standardized YLD rates associated with cataract-related blindness were derived from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2017. The human development index (HDI) from the Human Development Report was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. Estimated ground-level UVR exposure was obtained from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) dataset of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).@*Results@#Across 185 countries, socioeconomic status was inversely associated with the burden of cataract blindness. Countries with a very high HDI had an 84% lower age-standardized YLD rate [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Long-term high-UVR exposure amplifies the association of poor socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract-related blindness. The findings emphasize the need for strengthening UVR exposure protection interventions in developing countries with high-UVR exposure.


Subject(s)
Blindness/etiology , Cataract/etiology , Female , Global Burden of Disease/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Social Class , Socioeconomic Factors , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875677

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a RP-HPLC method for determination of ketoconazole, mupirocin and mometasone furoate in compound ketoconazole ointment. Methods RP-HPLC was conducted on a Intersil ODS-3 column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm), with methanol-PBS with pH 5.5 (65:35) as the mobile phase and the column temperature was 45 ℃. The flow rate was 1.0 ml/min, and the detection wavelength was 248 nm. Results The methodological verification showed that ketoconazole, mupirocin and mometasone furoate had a good linearity (r≥0.9995). The inter/intra-day precisions were less than 3.0%, The recovery rates were between 90% and 108%. The stability and repeatability of RSD were also less than 3.0%, which met the requirements of method validation. The contents of the three components in three batches were determined by the new method. Conclusion The method is simple and reliable. It can provide a basis for the quality control of compound ketoconazole ointment and lay a foundation for its quality standard research.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874359

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study attempted to detect the changes of cervical cancer screening rate and willingness among female migrants, and the associated socio-demographic factors in Shenzhen city. @*Materials and Methods@#Two citywide surveys were conducted using a multistage random cluster sampling method in 2011 and 2014, respectively. Data on demographic characteristics, screening participation, and willingness to screen were collected. Logistic regression models were applied to detect possible associated socio-demographic characteristics, and their variations with survey years. @*Results@#In total, 12,017 female migrants were enrolled, with a mean age (standard deviation) of 36.73 (6.55) years. From 2011 to 2014, the screening rate increased (25.8% vs. 35.1%, p < 0.001), while the willingness to screen remained stable (82.2% vs. 82.8%, p=0.46). Overall, socio-demographic characteristics of female migrants, including age, marital status, education, monthly income, employment, and medical insurance, were found to be positively associated with screening participation. Similar impacts in relation to willingness were observed except for age. However, these associations varied with survey years, mainly in the contributions of education and monthly income to screening participation, as well as age, monthly income, and medical insurance to willingness of being screened. @*Conclusion@#Identifying changes of associated socio-demographic factors precisely is warranted of necessity, which provides novel clues to adjust targeted actions regularly in promoting cervical cancer screening participation among female migrants in Shenzhen.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873706

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the clinical value of soluble suppression of tumorigenesis-2 (sST2) in replacement of N-terminal fragment of the brain natriuretic peptide precursor (NT-proBNP) in cardiac function evaluation in renal failure patients after cardiac surgery. Methods    Sixty patients with renal insufficiency after cardiac surgery from January 2019 to June 2019 were divided into a test group, including 34 males and 26 females, with an average age of 49-78 (63.3±4.5) years. Another 60 patients with normal renal function were divided into a control group, including 37 males and 23 females, with an average age of 53-77 (61.7±3.8) years. The perioperative left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac troponin T, creatine kinase-MB, sST2 and NT-proBNP were compared. Results    In patients of the test group, the NT-proBNP level increased significantly during perioperative period, and the change range was different from other cardiac function indexes. The change of sST2 in perioperative period was similar to other cardiac function indexes, which could reflect the change degree of cardiac function after operation. Conclusion    sST2 is more important to reflect the change degree of cardiac function in patients with renal dysfunction after cardiac surgery than NT-proBNP.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL