Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 500
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884596

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of lysine acetyltransferase 5(KAT5) on the radio-sensitivity of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC).Methods:The expression levels of endogenous KAT5 in ATC and normal thyroid cells were detected by Western blot and qRT-PCR. The effect of KAT5 specific inhibitor NU9056 on the radio-sensitivity of human ATC cells and normal thyroid cells was evaluated by colony formation assay. TCGA database, JASPAR database, along with Western blot, microRNA sequencing, qRT-PCR and dual-luciferase reporter assay were conducted to unravel the underlying mechanism.Results:The expression of endogenous KAT5 at the protein and mRNA levels in human ATC cells was significantly higher than that in normal thyroid cells. NU9056 could significantly enhance the radiosensitivity of human ATC cells to 8505C and CAL-62, whereas showed no sensitization effect on normal thyroid cell Nthy-ori 3-1. Knockdown of KAT5 and NU9056 both down-regulated the expression level of miR-210 in the TC cells, while NU9056 decreased the expression level of transcription factor c-Myc. The putative binding sites of c-Myc in the miR-210 promoter region were predicted, and transfection of c-Myc plasmid significantly enhanced the luciferase activity of miR-210 promoter. Elevated miR-210 level was associated with worse survival of patients with thyroid carcinoma. Down-regulated expression of miR-210 decreased the TET2 mRNA level, while inhibition of miR-210 increased the TET2 mRNA level.Conclusion:The aberrantly-activated KAT5/miR-210/TET2 pathway probably causes the radioresistance of ATC, becoming a novel sensitizing target for ATC radiotherapy in clinical practice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 40-47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To probe the diagnostic performance of the combined evaluation of stenosis and plaque characteristics based on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in identification of myocardial ischemic lesions, using the invasive coronary angiography (ICA)-based fractional flow reserve (FFR) as the gold standard.Methods:From November 2018 to March 2020, the patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease and scheduled for ICA at 5 clinical trials centers were enrolled in this study. All the patients underwent CCTA, ICA and FFR in turn in one week. The luminal stenosis and plaque characteristics were measured and assessed including plaque burden, volume ratios of calcification and non-calcification, lesion length and CT vulnerable features. All culprit vessels were divided into FFR≤0.8 and FFR>0.8 groups, and the parameters of plaque characteristics were compared. The correlation of ischemic lesions with CCTA stenosis and plaque characteristics was analyzed by the logistic regression analysis. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of CCTA stenosis rate and plaque characteristics, meanwhile the area under curve (AUC) of each parameter was compared by Delong test.Results:Three hundred and sixty-six culprit vessels in 317 patients were analyzed in this study (169 vessels in ischemia group and 197 in nonischemia group). The plaque burden [34.3% (30.3%, 38.8%) vs. 32.4% (28.5%, 37.9%); Z=-2.622, P=0.009], proportion of CT vulnerable features [26.9% (45/169) vs.11.7% (23/197); χ 2=15.311, P<0.001] and lesion length [22.1 (14.4, 35.0) mm vs. 17.6 (11.0, 26.0) mm; Z=-4.388, P<0.001] in FFR≤0.8 group were higher than those in FFR>0.8 group. The results of logistic regression analysis revealed that CCTA stenosis, lesion length, and CT vulnerable features were significant predictors for myocardial ischemia (OR values: 3.794, 2.461, 1.027; P<0.001, P=0.002, P=0.002). The diagnostic performance of CCTA ≥50% stenosis alone in identification of ischemic lesions was low (AUC=0.625). When it combined high-risk plaque characteristics and lesion length, the AUC was improved to 0.714 with a statistical significance. Conclusions:CCTA stenosis, lesion length, and CT vulnerable features are major predictors in identification of myocardial ischemic lesions, and the combination will significantly improve the diagnostic performance of CCTA ≥50% stenosis.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 688-692, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884108

ABSTRACT

Objective:The present study was aimed to determine the value of cone beam CT (CBCT) in predicting the risk of lingual bone plate injury during extraction of impacted mandible third molar (IMTM).Methods:The original CBCT data of 150 teeth (50 in vertical, 50 in angular and 50 in horizontal ) in January 2018 to December 2019 in Panzhihua Central Hospital of Sichuan Province were collected and analyzed. The thickness of lingual bone plate in enamel cementum boundary (ECB), root middle (RM) and root tip (RT) of each IMTM was measured by the software of CBCT system, and datas were analyzed by one-way ANOVA.Results:The average thickness of lingual bone plate in ECB of IMTM was (1.36±0.43)mm, (1.21±0.44)mm and (1.28±0.40)mm in vertical, horizontal and angular groups, respectively, with no significant difference ( F=1.07, P=0.35). The average thickness of lingual bone plate in RM of IMTM was (1.48±0.33)mm, (1.06±0.57)mm and (1.11±0.45)mm, respectively, with statistically significant difference ( F=8.78, P<0.01). The average thickness of lingual bone plate in RT of IMTM was (1.44±0.49)mm, (0.84±0.58)mm and (0.86±0.64)mm, respectively, with statistically significant difference ( F=12.35, P<0.01). Compared with the mandibular second molar, there were statistically significant differences in the average thickness of the lingual bone plate in ECB ( F=5.03, P<0.01), the RM ( F=15.13, P<0.01) and the RT ( F=33.12, P<0.01) of the IMTM among the three groups. In addition, the horizontal and angular IMTM, the thinness of lingual bone plate in RT region was more likely to occur than in vertical, and the absence of lingual bone plate was most likely to occur in patients with partial buccal crown. Conclusions:The doctor-patient communication and risk prediction should be sufficient before IMTM extraction when CBCT shows that the lingual bone plate of RT region is thin or absent. At the same time, we should avoid violent operation and thoroughly protect the lingual bone plate in the process of tooth extraction, and guard against serious complications such as perforation or fracture of lingual bone plate of mandible, and root displacement.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the difference in the therapeutic effect of plasma exchange and continuous renal replacement therapy (PE+CRRT) combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of children with severe Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) and non-EBV-HLH.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 cases of all children with severe HLH treated by PE+CRRT combined with chemotherapy from January 2017 to January 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. According to the presence of EBV infection, the children were divided into EBV@*RESULTS@#Among the 21 children, 14 were divided into the EBV@*CONCLUSION@#PE+CRRT combined with chemotherapy can reduce serum ferritin quickly, then improve organ function, and increase the overall survival rate of severe HLH, and it is a good effect on children with severe EBV-HLH and non-EBV-HLH.


Subject(s)
Child , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Plasma Exchange , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879075

ABSTRACT

Dendrobii officinalis, with a definite effect of nourishing Yin and clearing heat, has been a folk habit for drinking after being mixed with water. Because its superfine powder has the advantages of high dissolution and convenient drinking, we observed the effect of D. officinalis superfine powder on metabolic hypertension model rats and its possible mechanism in this experiment, which can be used as a reference for its clinical application for hypertension. The overeating greasy-induced metabolic hypertension model was established with high-fat, high-sugar and high-purine diet. These rats were orally administered with 400 mg·kg~(-1) and 200 mg·kg~(-1) of D. officinalis superfine powder for 20 consecutive weeks. During this period, blood pressure, blood lipid, blood glucose, insulin and other related indexes of glucose and lipid metabolism were monitored; the levels of lipopolysaccharide(LPS), C-reactive protein(CRP), interleukin 6(IL-6) and other inflammatory mediators were measured; the levels of nitric oxide(NO) and endothelin-1(ET-1) were detected, and the histomorphological and ultrastructural changes of aorta were observed. In addition, the expression of LPS/TLR4 pathway-related molecules in aorta was determined. The results showed that long-term administration of D. officinalis superfine powder significantly reduced the levels of systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure(DBP) and mean arterial pressure(MBP) in metabolic hypertension model rats, decreased the levels of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c), glucose(Glu), and insulin(INS) levels in blood, increased the contents of high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-c),decreased the LPS, CRP, IL-6 and ET-1 levels in blood and increased NO content. Furthermore, it improved the abnormality of aortic histomorphology and endothelial ultrastructure, and inhibited the protein expression of TLR4, myeloid differentiation factor(MyD88), IL-6, interleukin-1 β(IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) as well as mRNA expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in aorta. In conclusion, D. officinalis superfine powder may improve the abnormal function and structure of blood vessels by inhibiting the activation of LPS/TLR4 pathway, thus playing a role against metabolic hypertension.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dendrobium/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Hyperphagia , Hypertension/drug therapy , Interleukin-6 , Powders , Rats , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879025

ABSTRACT

To prove that ursolic acid(UA)could activate the autophagy of colorectal cancer HCT116 cells by inhibiting hedgehog signaling pathway. The effect of UA on the viability of HCT116 cells was determined by MTT assay. The effect of UA on the proliferation and migration of HCT116 cells was detected by crystal violet staining and scratch test. In the study on autophagy, the time points were screened out first: the autophagy fluorescence intensity of UA acting on HCT116 at different time points were detected by Cell Meter~(TM) Autophagy Assay Kit; Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy protein P62 at different time points. Then, Cell Meter~(TM) Autophagy Assay Kit was used to detect the effect of UA on autophagy fluorescence intensity of HCT116 cells. The effect of different doses of UA on the expressions of LC3Ⅱ and P62 proteins in HCT116 cells were detected by Western blot. Further, AdPlus-mCherry-GFP-LC3 B adenovirus transfection was used to detect the effects of UA on autophagy flux of HCT116 cells; UA combined with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine(CQ) was used to detect the expression of LC3Ⅱ by Western blot. In terms of mechanism, the effect of UA on hedgehog signaling pathway-related proteins in HCT116 cells was detected by Western blot. The results showed that UA inhibited the activity, proliferation and migration of HCT116 cells. UA enhanced the fluorescence intensity of autophagy in HCT116 cells, while promoting the expression of LC3Ⅱ and inhibiting the expression of P62, in a time and dose dependent manner. UA activated the autophagy in HCT116 cells, which manifested that UA resulted in the accumulation of fluorescence spots and strengthened the fluorescence intensity of autophagosomes; compared with UA alone, UA combined with autophagy inhibitor CQ promoted the expression of LC3Ⅱ. UA reduced the expressions of PTCH1, GLI1, SMO, SHH and c-Myc in hedgehog signaling pathway, while increased the expression of Sufu. In conclusion, our study showed that UA activated autophagy in colorectal cancer HCT116 cells, which was related to the mechanism in inhibiting hedgehog signaling pathway activity.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms , Hedgehog Proteins/genetics , Humans , Signal Transduction , Triterpenes
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 51-61, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878235

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the composition and content of pulmonary surfactant (PS) were analyzed to explore the hypoxia adaptation mechanism in plateau zokors (Myospalax baileyi) and plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae). 36 plateau zokors and plateau pikas were trapped alive at the Laji Mountain in Guide County, Qinghai Province (at the altitude of about 3 600 m), and 36 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were purchased from the experimental animal center of Lanzhou University (at the altitude of about 1 500 m). All animals were lavaged after laboratory anesthesia, the blood in lung tissues was fully washed out and the lung tissues were then taken out to obtain the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid by bronchoalveolar lavage. The composition and content of phospholipids in the PS of three different kinds of animals were analyzed by using high performance liquid chromatography; the protein composition, content and types in the PS were analyzed by G-250 Coomassie brilliant blue method, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and mass spectrometry; the dissolved oxygen in the PS solutions were determined by using dissolved oxygen electrode. The results showed that the total contents of phospholipids in the PS were successively increased among plateau zokors, plateau pikas and SD rats (P 0.05). The relative content of PSe had no significant differences between plateau zokors and plateau pikas (P > 0.05), but both were significantly higher than that of SD rats (P < 0.01). The serum albumin (SA) was identified in the PS of three kinds of animals, including homologous tetramer protein containing heme, which is composed of hemoglobin β subunit, in plateau zokors and plateau pikas. Immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain was found in PS of plateau zokors and SD rats. The content of Ig heavy chain in plateau zokor was significantly higher than that in SD rats (P < 0.01), and the content of protein containing heme was significantly higher than that in plateau pikas (P < 0.05). The amount of dissolved oxygen was successively decreased in the PS among plateau zokors, plateau pikas and SD rats (P < 0.01), but it was significantly higher than that in saline (P < 0.01). These results suggest that the total content of proteins in the PS of plateau zokors and plateau pikas was significantly higher, while the total content of phospholipids was significantly decreased. There were high content of homologous tetramer protein containing heme in the PS of plateau zokors and plateau pikas. The relative content of DPPC, the main component of phospholipids, was significantly increased in plateau zokors. The changes of PS component and content improve the adaptability of the two plateau animals in hypoxia environment.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Animals , Hypoxia , Lagomorpha , Pulmonary Surfactants , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787596

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@# Stent failure is more likely in the lipid rich and thrombus laden culprit lesions underlying ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study assessed the effectiveness of post-dilatation in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for acute STEMI.@*METHODS@# The multi-center POST-STEMI trial enrolled 41 consecutive STEMI patients with symptom onset <12 hours undergoing manual thrombus aspiration and Promus Element stent implantation. Patients were randomly assigned to control group (n=20) or post-dilatation group (n=21) in which a non-compliant balloon was inflated to >16 atm pressure. Strut apposition and coverage were evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) after intracoronary verapamil administration via thrombus aspiration catheter, post pPCI and at 7-month follow-up. The primary endpoint was rate of incomplete strut apposition (ISA) at 7 months after pPCI.@*RESULTS@# There were similar baseline characteristics except for stent length (21.9 [SD 6.5] mm vs. 26.0 [SD 5.8] mm, respectively, P=0.03). In post-dilatation vs. control group, ISA rate was lower (2.5% vs. 4.5%, P=0.04) immediately after pPCI without affecting final TIMI flow 3 rate (95.2% vs. 95.0%, P>0.05) or corrected TIMI frame counts (22.6±9.4 vs. 22.0±9.7, P>0.05); and at 7-month follow-up (0.7% vs. 1.8%, P<0.0001), the primary study endpoint, with similar strut coverage (98.5% vs. 98.4%, P=0.63) and 1-year rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE).@*CONCLUSION@# In STEMI patients, post-dilatation after stent implantation and thrombus aspiration improved strut apposition up to 7 months without affecting coronary blood flow or 1-year MACE rate. Larger and longer term studies are warranted to further assess safety (ClinicalTrials.gov identifi er: NCT02121223).

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879789

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the application of ponderal index (PI), body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference/head circumference (MAC/HC), and Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status (CANS) score in assessing the nutritional status of neonates at birth, and to find a simple and reliable scheme for the assessment of fetal nutritional status.@*METHODS@#PI, BMI, MAC/HC, and CANS were used to assess the nutritional status of full-term infants and preterm infants shortly after birth. The assessment results of these methods were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 678 full-term infants, 61, 102, 47, and 131 were diagnosed with malnutrition by PI, BMI, MAC/HC, and CANS respectively. Among the 140 preterm infants, 30, 87, 9, and 112 were diagnosed with malnutrition by PI, BMI, MAC/HC, and CANS respectively. The combination of BMI and CANS had a detection rate of 99.3% in full-term infants and 100% in preterm infants. Compared with the single method, the combination significantly improved the detection rate of malnutrition (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of BMI+CANS can reduce the rate of missed diagnosis of fetal malnutrition. It is therefore a simple and reliable method for the assessment of fetal malnutrition.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Fetal Nutrition Disorders/diagnosis , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873249

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the effect and mechanism of modified Si Junzitang combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion on interleukin-17(IL-17), interleukin-22(IL-22), interleukin-1α(IL-1α) and serum cystatin C(Cys-C )in serum and exhale breath condensate(EBC) of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at stable stage(COPD, Qi deficiency of lung and spleen). Method::Totally 120 cases of COPD(Qi deficiency of lung and spleen) treated in pulmonary department and thermal moxibustion department of Affiliated Hospital of Jiangxi University of traditional Chinese medicine from January 2019 to June 2019 were included and randomly divided into traditional Chinese medicine group, heat-sensitive moxibustion group and control group. The patients in traditional Chinese medicine group were treated with Si Junzitang, the patients in heat-sensitive Moxibustion group were treated with heat-sensitive moxibustion in addition to traditional Chinese medicine group, and the patients in control group were treated with placebo. All of the 3 groups were treated with oxygen and bronchodilator according to the guidelines. All groups received 3 consecutive courses of treatment, 20 days per course. After 3 courses of treatment, the clinical efficacy of the three groups, the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), the forced expiratory volume in the estimated value in one second (FEV1%), the forced vital capacity (FVC), and IL-17, IL-22, IL-1α in serum and exhale breath condensate (EBC) were measured. Result::There were no statistically significant difference in general clinical data, lung function levels (FEV1, FEV1%, FVC), serum and EBC levels of IL-17, IL-22, IL-1α and Cys-C in the first three groups. The total clinical effective rate of traditional Chinese medicine group was better than the control group (P<0.05), the heat-sensitive moxibustion group was better than the traditional Chinese medicine group (P<0.05) and significantly better than the control group (P<0.01). Compared with the patients before treatment, the level of lung function was improved, while IL-17, IL-22, IL-1α and Cys-C in serum and EBC were reduced(P<0.05). The traditional Chinese medicine group was superior to that in the control group (P<0.05), the heat-sensitive moxibustion group was superior to that in the traditional Chinese medicine group (P<0.05) and significantly superior to that in the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Modified Si Junzitang combined with heat-sensitive moxibustion has an anti-inflammatory effect on COPD by stimulating bullishness of human body, improving body immunity, inhibiting inflammatory cytokines, reducing levels of inflammation cytokines IL-17, IL-22, IL-1α, and chronic inflammation markers serum Cys-C and inflammatory reaction, increasing the lung capacity, improving ventilation function and pulmonary function, so as to effectively relieve chest tightness asthma and other symptoms in COPD patients, and improve the clinical efficacy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes of 46 patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) by cluster analysis method. Method:The 46 COVID-19 patients with TCM symptoms, signs, tongue and pulse were analyzed by frequency analysis and clustering analysis, and the TCM syndrome types of COVID-19 patients were classified and summarized by combining clinical expertise, and the evolution law was analyzed by combining the median days of the syndrome collection. Result:The major signs and symptoms of the 46 patients with COVID-19: fever (frequency of 39, accounted for 84.8%), poor appetite (frequency of 44, 95.7%), fatigue (frequency of 42, 91.3%), wheezing breath (frequency of 35, 76.1%), dry mouth (frequency of 21, 45.7%), lung condition short (frequency of 20, 43.5%), defecate pond (frequency of 15, 32.6%), red tongue (frequency 30, accounting for 65.2%), yellowish moss (frequency 27, accounting for 58.7%), and slimy pulse (frequency 30, accounting for 62.5%). TCM syndromes were divided into seven types, i.e. dampness and heat syndrome (13 cases), dampness and toxin syndrome (10 cases), heat stasis syndrome (7 cases), dampness and heat syndrome (5 cases), cold dampness internal invasion syndrome (4 cases), dampness poison blood stasis syndrome (2 cases).According to the time of onset, there were cold and dampness syndrome (median days 6.5 days), dampness was heavier than heat syndrome (10 days), dampness and heat syndrome (10 days), dampness and heat syndrome (11.5 days), heat stagnation of liver and gallbladder syndrome (13 days), dampness and blood stasis syndrome (15 days), and Yin injury syndrome (16 days). Conclusion:Among the 46 cases of COVID -19, damp-heat syndrome was the most common, followed by heat stagnation of liver and gallbladder syndrome, Yin injury and gas consumption syndrome, cold and damp internal invasion syndrome, and dampness and blood stasis syndrome. The pathogenesis of the disease evolved into heat and poison, and later appeared to consume Qi Yin performance.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872856

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreaks were spreading rapidly around the world in early 2020. This disease is within the category of "damp epidemic" and "damp toxin epidemic" in traditional Chinese medicine, with lung and spleen as the lesion focuses, while dampness and toxin as especially prominent properties. Through clinical observation, we found that dampness would often transform into damp heat during the development and evolution of the disease, and the "triple energizer" treatment was an important therapeutic method, eliminating pathogens through purgation and diuresis: for those with damp-heat accumulation toxin diffused to the triple energizer, we could use Ganlu Xiaodudan as primary prescription, which can spread the upper part, smooth the middle part and infiltrate the lower part, so as to provide a way out for the pathogenic factors and regulate Qi movement. For those with damp-heat in Shaoyang channel, we could use Haoqin Qingdantang to clear heat and promote diuresis, harmonize Shaoyang, eliminate damp-heat and epidemic pathogenic factor. For those with pathogen hidden in membrane source dampness trapping and hidden heat, we could use Dayuanyin to eliminate pathogens between interior and exterior parts, and regulate Qi movement. At the same time we shared three typical cases treated in Wuhan, and conducted an in-depth analysis in this study. Clinically, the method of elimination of pathogens through purgation and diuresis is mainly used in the early and middle stage of this disease. When the disease is still located in Qi system, it also can be applied to mild, ordinary patients and severe patients that have accurate syndrome differentiation. In such cases, it can effectively improve symptoms, reduce pathogenic toxin, truncate and reverse the course of disease, give way to pathogen, and avoid disease aggravating.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Anmeidan (AMD) on the learning and memory levels of sleep deprived rats through mitochondrial mediated hippocampal neuronal apoptosis pathway. Method:Forty-eight SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, low, medium, high-dose AMD groups (4.86, 9.72, 19.44 g·kg-1·d-1) and estazolam group (0.1 mg·kg-1·d-1). Insomnia model was prepared by self-made sleep deprivation box for 14 days. Morris water maze was used to detect learning and memory levels, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expressions of cytochrome C (Cyt-C), cysteine aspartic acid protease-3 (Caspase-3) in hippocampus. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe the morphological structure of mitochondria in hippocampus. Protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax were detected by immunofluorescence (IF) and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) respectively. Result:In the model group, the incubation period of the platform and the total distance of swimming and the time of first arriving platform were prolonged, the number of platform crossing and the time of target quadrant movement were reduced, protein and mRNA expressions of Bcl-2 dropped, protein and mRNA expressions of Bax increased (P<0.01), and mitochondrial structure was abnormal with crista fracture, swelling and deformation. And protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3 increased significantly (P<0.01). Low, medium and high-dose AMD groups could improve levels of space exploration and navigation of SD rats (P<0.01), increase protein and mRNA expressions of Bcl-2, decrease protein and mRNA expressions of Bax, improve the damage of mitochondria, and decrease the protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3 (P<0.01). Conclusion:AMD can improve the learning and memory levels of SD rats, the effect is related to the mitochondrial mediated hippocampal neuronal apoptosis pathway and decrease of Cyt-C and Caspase-3 expressions.

14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 493-497, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and metastatic risk factors for patients with lymph node metastasis in central region of differentiated thyroid cancer, and to provide a basis for clinical treatment.Methods:A total of 200 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer from January 2017 to October 2018 in Jiangmen Central Hospital of Guangdong Province were selected. According to the central lymph node metastasis, the patients were divided into metastasis group and non-metastasis group. The clinicopathological features of the two groups were compared, including gender, age, tumor diameter, lesion gland lobe, the number of tumors, TNM staging, capsular infiltration, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TG-Ab), operation mode, blood flow grading, microcalcification, thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-Ab) and pathological type. The relationship between central lymph node metastasis and clinical characteristics was analyzed. The risk factors of central lymph node metastasis were analyzed by using logistic regression model.Results:Of the 200 patients, 52 (26.00%) patients had central region lymph node metastasis and 148 (74.00%) patients had no central region lymph node metastasis. The tumor diameter ≥ 2 cm, capsule infiltration, microcalcification and grade Ⅲ blood flow in the metastasis group were all higher than those in the non-metastasis group, and the differences were statistically significant [86.5% (45/52) vs. 68.2% (101/148), 40.4% (21/52) vs. 16.9% (25/148), 34.6% (18/52) vs. 11.5% (17/148), 23.1% (12/52) vs. 7.4% (11/148), all P < 0.05]. There were no statistically differences in the proportion of patients stratified by other clinicopathological factors (all P > 0.05). Logistic regression model suggested that tumor diameter ≥ 2 cm ( OR = 1.424, 95% CI 1.041-1.948, P = 0.009), capsular infiltration ( OR = 3.541, 95% CI 1.378-9.099, P = 0.009), microcalcification ( OR = 4.058, 95% CI 1.693-9.727, P = 0.002) and grade Ⅲ of blood flow ( OR = 5.174, 95% CI 2.148-12.463, P < 0.01) were independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis in central region. Conclusion:Central lymph node metastasis in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer is related to tumor diameter, capsular infiltration, microcalcification and grade Ⅲ of blood flow, which should be paid more attention in clinic.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the clinical safety and efficacy of new intelligent ventilation mode adaptive minute ventilation (AMV)+IntelliCycle ventilation in patients with mild-to-moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods:The patients with mild-to-moderate ARDS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University from February 2018 to February 2019, were enrolled in the study. The patients were divided into synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation+pressure support ventilation (SIMV+PSV) group and AMV+IntelliCycle group according to the random number table method. All patients were given mechanical ventilation, anti-infection, analgesia and sedation, nutritional support and symptomatic treatment of primary disease after admission. SV800 ventilator was used for mechanical ventilation. In the AMV+IntelliCycle group, after setting the minute ventilation volume (VE), inhaled oxygen concentration (FiO 2) and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP), the ventilator was turned on the full-automatic mode, and the preset value of VE percentage was 120%. In the SIMV+PSV group, the ventilator parameters were set as follows: the ventilation frequency was 12-20 times/min, the inspiratory expiratory ratio was 1∶1-2, the peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) limit level was 35-45 cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O = 0.098 kPa), and the setting of FiO 2 and PEEP was as the same as that of AMV+IntelliCycle group, the triggering flow was set to 2 L/min. All of the clinical parameters between the two groups were compared. The main outcomes were duration of mechanical ventilation, ventilator alarm times, manual operation times, and the mechanical power; the secondary outcomes were respiratory rate (RR), VE, tidal volume (VT), PIP, mouth occlusion pressure (P0.1), static compliance (Cst), work of breathing (WOB), and time constant at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 120 hours; and the blood gas analysis parameters of patients before and after ventilation were recorded. Results:A total of 92 patients with mild-to-moderate ARDS were admitted during the study period, excluding those who quit the study due to death, abandonment of treatment, accidental extubation of tracheal intubation and so on. Eighty patients were finally enrolled in the analysis, with 40 patients in SIMV+PSV group and AMV+IntelliCycle group respectively. ① Results of main outcomes: compared with the SIMV+PSV mode, AMV+IntelliCycle ventilation mode could shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation (hours: 106.35±55.03 vs. 136.50±73.78), reduce ventilator alarm times (times: 10.35±5.87 vs. 13.93±6.87) and the manual operations times (times: 4.25±2.01 vs. 6.83±3.75), and decrease the mechanical power (J/min: 12.88±4.67 vs. 16.35±5.04, all P < 0.05). But the arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) of AMV+IntelliCycle group was significantly higher than that of SIMV+PSV group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 41.58±6.81 vs. 38.45±5.77, P < 0.05]. ② Results of secondary outcomes: the RR of both groups was improved significantly with the prolongation of ventilation time which showed a time effect ( F = 4.131, P = 0.005). Moreover, compared with SIMV+PSV mode, AMV+IntelliCycle mode could maintain a better level of RR, with intervention effect ( F = 5.008, P = 0.031), but no interaction effect was found ( F = 2.489, P = 0.055). There was no significant difference in VE, PIP, P0.1 or Cst between the two groups, without intervention effect ( F values were 3.343, 2.047, 0.496, 1.456, respectively, all P > 0.05), but they were significantly improved with the prolongation of ventilation time in both groups, with time effect ( F values were 2.923, 12.870, 23.120, 7.851, respectively, all P < 0.05), but no interaction effect was found ( F values were 1.571, 1.291, 0.300, 0.354, respectively, all P > 0.05). The VT, WOB or time constant in both groups showed no significant changes with the prolongation of ventilation time, and no significant difference was found between the two groups, there was neither time effect ( F values were 0.613, 1.049, 2.087, respectively, all P > 0.05) nor intervention effect ( F values were 1.459, 0.514, 0.923, respectively, all P > 0.05). Conclusion:AMV+IntelliCycle ventilation mode can shorten the ventilation time of patients with mild-to-moderate ARDS, reduce mechanical power, and reduce the workload of medical care, but PaCO 2 in the patients with AMV+IntelliCycle mode is higher than that in the patients with SIMV+PSV mode.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of different head elevation angle on intracranial pressure and cerebral blood flow of patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage in a resting state, to provide scientific basis for nursing development.Methods:A total of 72 hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage patients were selected as research subject, at the resting state, head elevation was raised up with 0°, 5°, 10°, 15°, 20°, 25°, 30° in the supine position with 5 minutes interval between different positions. The levels of intracranial pressure, cerebral perfusion pressure, regional oxygen saturation, blood pressure, heart rate, pulse oxygen saturation were recorded.Results:With head elevation from 0° to 5°, 10°, 15°, 20°, 25°, 30°, the levels of intracranial pressure were (12.39±3.32), (10.64±3.19), (9.84±2.58), (9.09±1.76), (8.33±2.51), (7.13±1.81), (6.81±1.67) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); mean arterial pressure were (106.06±10.17), (104.45±10.77), (105.87±6.73), (106.82±10.36), (105.78±10.27), (106.77±6.15), (100.30±10.92) mmHg; cerebral perfusion pressure were (93.67±10.36), (93.82±10.81), (96.03±7.26), (97.73±10.63), (97.45±10.38), (99.65±6.62), (93.49±10.99) mmHg; regional oxygen saturation were (65.91±6.70)%, (66.89±6.52)%, (67.12±8.04)%, (69.33±13.26)%, (69.31±8.47)%, (68.94±9.82)%, (66.12±6.78)%. Intracranial pressure was increased gradually with head elevation from 0° to 5°, 10°, 15°, 20°, 25°, 30°, the difference was statistically significant ( F value was 45.380, P<0.01). Mean arterial pressure was significantly decreased at 30° head elevation compared to the 0°, 5°, 10°, 15°, 20°, 25° head elevation ( t values were 2.331-2.997, P<0.05). Cerebral perfusion pressure and regional oxygen saturation showed an increased trend, however, those index was decreased at 30° head elevation, the levels of cerebral perfusion pressure and regional oxygen saturation was significantly increased at 15°, 20°, 25° head elevation compared to the 0° and 30° head elevation ( t values were 2.554-3.331 and 2.378-3.091, P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between 0°, 5°, 10°, 15°, 20°, 25°, 30° head elevation in systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, heart rate, pulse oxygen saturation ( P>0.05). Conclusions:15°-25° head elevation is a relatively appropriate position in patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 123-129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799405

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes.@*Results@#The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: β=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: β=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.

18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 118-122, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799404

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the long-term outcomes in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who underwent early or late delayed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DES).@*Methods@#This study was a retrospective, observational and single-center study. Consecutive STEMI patients (n=977), who admitted to Fuwai Hospital in 2013 and underwent successful selective PCI using drug-eluting stents (DES) within 3 to 35 days after symptom onset were enrolled and divided into the early delayed PCI (3-14 d) group (n=495) and the late delayed PCI (15-35 d) group (n=482). General clinical data of the patients and related data of coronary angiography and interventional therapy were collected, and the endpoint events were followed up. The primary endpoint was 2-year major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) including cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, definite or probable stent thrombosis and ischemic stroke. The secondary endpoint was 2-year ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization. The incidence of endpoint events of the two groups was compared, and it was compared again after the primary baseline characteristics such as age and gender were matched by the propensity scoring method at a 1∶1 ratio.@*Results@#A total of 910 (93.1%) patients who underwent delayed PCI were transferred from other hospitals, and 292 (29.9%) patients received thrombolysis before PCI. The time interval before PCI was 14 (10, 20) days. The incidence of 2-year MACCE (3.0%(15/495) vs. 2.3%(11/482), P=0.468) and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization (3.8%(19/495) vs. 5.0%(24/482), P=0.385) were similar between the two groups. The incidence of 2-year MACCE (3.3%(15/453 vs. 2.4%(11/453), P=0.426) and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization (4.2% (19/453) vs. 4.9%(22/453), P=0.632) were also similar between the two groups after matching propensity score.@*Conclusion@#The long-term clinical outcomes after early delayed PCI using DES is statistically equivalent to those of late delayed PCI using DES for STEMI patients who missed the time window for emergency PCI.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828996

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze factors associated with unplanned revascularization (UR) risk in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10,640 cases with CAD who underwent PCI were analyzed. Multivariate COX regressions and competing risk regressions were applied.@*Results@#The patients who underwent UR following PCI in 30 days, 1, and 2 years accounted for 0.3%, 6.5%, and 8.7%, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, the number of target lesions [hazard ratio ( ) = 2.320; 95% confidence interval ( ): 1.643-3.277; < 0.001], time of procedure ( = 1.006; 95% : 1.001-1.010; = 0.014), body mass index ( = 1.104; 95% : 1.006-1.210; = 0.036), incomplete revascularization (ICR) ( = 2.476; 95% : 1.030-5.952; = 0.043), and age ( 1.037; 95% : 1.000-1.075; = 0.048) were determined as independent risk factors of 30-day UR. Factors, including low-molecular-weight heparin or fondaparinux ( = 0.618; 95% : 0.531-0.719; < 0.001), second-generation durable polymer drug-eluting stent ( 0.713; 95% : 0.624-0.814; < 0.001), left anterior descending artery involvement ( = 0.654; 95% : 0.530-0.807; < 0.001), and age ( = 0.992; 95% : 0.985-0.998; = 0.014), were independently associated with decreased two-year UR risk. While, Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score ( = 1.024; 95% : 1.014-1.033; < 0.001) and ICR ( = 1.549; 95% : 1.290-1.860; < 0.001) were negatively associated with two-year UR risk.@*Conclusion@#Specific factors were positively or negatively associated with short- and medium-long-term UR following PCI.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China , Coronary Artery Disease , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Revascularization , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1276-1284, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Imprecise interpretation of coronary angiograms was reported and resulted in inappropriate revascularization. Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score is a comprehensive system to evaluate the complexity of the overall lesions. We hypothesized that a real-time SYNTAX score feedback from image analysts may rectify the mis-estimation and improve revascularization appropriateness in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).@*METHODS@#In this single-center, historical control study, patients with stable CAD with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50% were consecutively recruited. During the control period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by treating cardiologists. During the intervention period, SYNTAX scores were calculated by image analysts immediately after coronary angiography and were provided to cardiologists in real-time to aid decision-making. The primary outcome was revascularization deemed inappropriate by Chinese appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3245 patients were enrolled and assigned to the control group (08/2016-03/2017, n = 1525) or the intervention group (03/2017-09/2017, n = 1720). For SYNTAX score tertiles, 17.9% patients were overestimated and 4.3% were underestimated by cardiologists in the control group. After adjustment, inappropriate revascularization significantly decreased in the intervention group compared with the control group (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-0.95; P = 0.007). Both inappropriate percutaneous coronary intervention (adjusted OR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.74-0.92; P < 0.001) and percutaneous coronary intervention utilization (adjusted OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.79-0.98; P = 0.016) decreased significantly in the intervention group. There was no significant difference in 1-year adverse cardiac events between the control group and the intervention group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Real-time SYNTAX score feedback significantly reduced inappropriate coronary revascularization in stable patients with CAD.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Nos. NCT03068858 and NCT02880605; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL