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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943093

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the quality changes of Platycladi Semen before and after the deterioration of moth-eaten and rancidity during storage. MethodFour types samples of Platycladi Semen, including normal, moth-eaten, oxidative rancidity and hydrolytic rancidity, were determined for volatile components, odor, and taste based on headspace solid phase microextraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC-MS) and electronic sensory techniques such as electronic nose and electronic tongue. Volatile components were identified by searching the database and manual comparison, the odor and taste were determined by the response values of the electronic nose and electronic tongue sensors, and the difference between samples before and after deterioration was studied by multivariate statistical analysis. ResultA total of 85 compounds were identified in Platycladi Semen samples. Compared with the normal samples, the number of volatile compounds in samples after hydrolytic rancidity decreased by 5, the number of volatile compounds in samples after moth-eaten and oxidative rancidity increased by 1 and 21, respectively. Aldehydes and acids accounted for majority of types. Among them, the contents of N-hexanoic acid, hexanal and propionic acid in the samples of oxidative rancidity reached 11.49%, 10.21% and 7.52%, which became the key indicators of rancidity. There was significant variance among the odor components corresponding to W1W, W2W and W1S sensors by electronic nose analysis. It was indicated that the value of sourness in deteriorated samples generally increased by mean of electronic tongue analysis. Compared with normal samples, the moth-eaten samples had changed slightly and rancidity samples had changed significantly especially oxidative rancidity samples of volatile components, odor and taste by multivariate statistical analysis. ConclusionIn terms of Platycladi Semen, the oxidative rancidity caused by nature storage for 12 months has the greatest impact on the quality. Therefore, it should be mainly to prevent oxidative rancidity to ensure the quality of Platycladi Semen.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940418

ABSTRACT

Sleep plays an important role in energy balance. As reported, sleep disorder is an important risk factor for metabolic diseases. Controlling the relationship between energy metabolism and sleep can affect sleep homeostasis and body metabolic rate. Chinese medicine, with remarkable curative effects in the prevention and treatment of insomnia, has the characteristics of green, safety, and few side effects, and attracts extensive attention of scholars in the world. In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in the research on the mechanism of Chinese medicine in interfering with sleep. This paper reviewed the research progress of mind-tranquilizing Chinese medicines, such as compounds (pterostilbene), Chinese medicinal drugs (Ziziphi Spinosae Semen), and Chinese medicinal prescriptions (Jiaotaiwan, Suanzaoren tang, Tianwang Buxindan, Anmeidan, Banxia Houpotang, Qihuo decoction, Songyu Anshen prescriptions, and Shuxie Yihao prescriptions) in the treatment of sleep disorders by regulating energy metabolism. The findings revealed that Chinese medicine can intervene in the sleep deprivation model by affecting metabolism-related pathways such as material metabolism, mitochondrial function, oxidative stress and inflammatory response, appetite system, and biological clock system. In terms of frequency of use, the top drugs are Ziziphi Spinosae Semen, Poria, Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma which affect heart and liver meridians to regulate blood circulation, ensure energy supply, and play the role of nourishing the heart and tranquilizing the mind. The present paper summarized the effects and mechanisms of Chinese medicine in the treatment of insomnia and other sleep disorders from the perspective of energy metabolism to provide references for further research and exploration of diseases in the future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940417

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Anmeidan (AMD) on biological rhythm and related protein expression in sleep-deprived rats. MethodA total of 80 SD rats were randomized into control group (Ctrl, equivalent volume of saline), model group (SD, equivalent volume of saline), AMD group (9.09 g·kg-1·d-1), and melatonin group (MT, 0.27 g·kg-1·d-1). Insomnia was induced in rats by self-made sleep deprivation box (4 weeks). Circadian rhythm of spontaneous activity was evaluated by spontaneous activity video analysis system. Morphology of hypothalamus was observed based on hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the histomorphology of hypothalamus neurons and the Nissl's bodies based on Nissl staining. Western blotting was employed to detect the expression of hypothalamic proteins in cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB)/clock gene period (Per) pathway, and immunohistochemistry the expression of brain and muscle ARNT-like protein 1 (Bmal1), Clock, Per1, and cryptochrome circadian regulator 1 (Cry1). ResultThe model group demonstrated circadian rhythm disorder, as manifested by the significant increase in activity time in 6 designated time periods compared with the control group, and the rise in the activity speed and frequency (P<0.01). Moreover, model group showed decrease in number of neurons which were sparsely arranged with shrunken or fragmented nuclei, reduction in number and loss of Nissl's bodies with light color, and drop in the relative expression of p-CREB and Per1, and the positive rate of Bmal1, Clock, Per1, and Cry1 (P<0.01). Compared with model group, AMD group demonstrated reduction in time, speed, and frequency of activity (P<0.01). Moreover, the AMD group also showed alleviation of neuronal damage (P<0.01), and increase in the number of neurons with clear nuclei and cytoplasm in some, and the number of Nissl's bodies. AMD raised the expression of p-CREB and Per1 proteins, and the positive rate of Bmal1, Clock, Per1, and Cry1 (P<0.01). ConclusionAMD ameliorated spontaneous circadian rhythm of sleep-deprived rats by regulating CREB/Per signaling pathway and further increasing the expression of Bmal1, Clock, Per1, and Cry1.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940416

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of Anmeidan (AMD) on neuronal structure and neuronal marker protein expression in the hippocampal CA1 region of sleep-deprived (SD) rats. MethodRats were randomly divided into control group, model group, an AMD group (9.09 g·kg-1·d-1), and melatonin group (0.27 g·kg-1·d-1). Rats in the control group and the model group received equal volumes of physiologicol saline. The SD model was induced by the self-made sleep deprivation box for four weeks. Ethovision XT system detected and analyzed the spontaneous behaviors of rats. The histomorphology of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Nissl staining, and the changes in Nissl bodies were observed by Nissl staining. The ultrastructure of hippocampal cells was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2), nestin, and neuronal nuclei (NeuN) in the CA1 region. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed longer distance, increased average activity speed, cumulative duration, average body fill, and higher activity frequency (P<0.01). Besides, the neurons in the CA1 region were reduced in number with disorganized arrangement, wrinkled nuclei, deeply stained cytoplasm, reduced Nissl bodies, swollen and deformed mitochondria, shortened cristae, and swollen Golgi vesicles. Furthermore, the mean integral absorbance (IA) value of GFAP increased and those of MAP2, nestin, and NeuN decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the AMD group showed shortened distance traveled, lower average activity speed, shorter cumulative duration, decreased average body fill, and reduced activity frequency (P<0.05, P<0.01). Moreover, the neurons in the CA1 region were relieved from damage with increased cell number, clear nuclei and cytoplasm, increased Nissl bodies, and relieved mitochondrial damage. The IA value of GFAP decreased and those of MAP2, nestin, and NeuN increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionAMD can improve structural damage of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region of sleep-deprived rats, which may be achieved by decreasing GFAP expression and increasing MAP2, nestin, and NeuN expression.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-203/CREB1 signaling regulation mediated by DNA methylation on the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cells.@*METHODS@#The methylation level of miR-203 in the RPMI 8226 cells was detected by bisulfite sequcucing polymerase chain reaction (BSP). The mRNA expression of miR-203 was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RPMI 8226 cells were treated with DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR). The miR-203 mimic in MM cell line RPMI 8226 was transfected to establish overexpressed miR-203 cell. The proliferation, invasion ability and apoptosis of RPMI 8226 cell was detected by CCK-8 assay, Transwell, and flow cytometry, respectively. The targeting relationship between miR-203 and CREB1 was verified by double luciferase report assay. Western blot was used to detect the expression of CREB1 protein.@*RESULTS@#Hypermethylation of miR-203 promoter region and low expression level of miR-203 mRNA were detected in the RPMI 8226 cells, which showed that demethylation could induce the expression of miR-203. The proliferation and invasion ability of RPMI 8226 cells after treated by 5-Aza-CdR were inhibited, and showed statistical significance as compared with blank control group (both P<0.05),while the apoptosis rate was promoted (P<0.05). The proliferation, invasion ability and apoptosis of overexpressed miR-203 were the same as the demethylation group. Double luciferase report assay confirmed that CREB1 was the direct target of miR-203. The protein level of CREB1 was inhibited by demethylation and showed statistical significance as compared with control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-203 targeting CREB1 mediated by DNA methylation leads to maintain the malignant biological behaviors of MM cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Azacitidine/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939587

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a widespread infectious disease that causes a significant disease burden on society. To achieve early intervention and to prevent outbreaks of disease, we propose a novel warning model that can accurately predict the incidence of HFMD.@*Methods@#We propose a spatial-temporal graph convolutional network (STGCN) that combines spatial factors for surrounding cities with historical incidence over a certain time period to predict the future occurrence of HFMD in Guangdong and Shandong between 2011 and 2019. The 2011-2018 data served as the training and verification set, while data from 2019 served as the prediction set. Six important parameters were selected and verified in this model and the deviation was displayed by the root mean square error and the mean absolute error.@*Results@#As the first application using a STGCN for disease forecasting, we succeeded in accurately predicting the incidence of HFMD over a 12-week period at the prefecture level, especially for cities of significant concern.@*Conclusions@#This model provides a novel approach for infectious disease prediction and may help health administrative departments implement effective control measures up to 3 months in advance, which may significantly reduce the morbidity associated with HFMD in the future.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Cities/epidemiology , Data Visualization , Disease Outbreaks/statistics & numerical data , Forecasting/methods , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease/prevention & control , Humans , Incidence , Neural Networks, Computer , Reproducibility of Results , Spatio-Temporal Analysis , Time Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935300

ABSTRACT

Since January 2022, severe acute hepatitis cases with unknown etiology in children have occurred in many countries in Europe and the United States, and 43.8% of the cases were positive for human adenovirus (HAdV), and some cases were identified as HAdV-41. However, more evidences including etiology, genomics, liver pathology, and immunohistochemistry are needed to determine the main cause of this outbreak. At present, due to the lack of systematic surveillance and research on hepatitis caused by HAdV infection, it is impossible to determine whether there are similar hepatitis cases occurred in China. It is urgent to carry out HAdV virolgocial surveillance based on clinical symptom, and potential risk of HAdV hepatitis should be studied as soon as possible according to the available relevant clinical, epidemiological and virological data, as well as risk factor information, which will provide scientific and technical support for the prevention and control of HAdV-related diseases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935239

ABSTRACT

Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) is one of the main causes of acute respiratory tract infections in children. HPIVs have been grouped into four serotypes (HPIV1~HPIV4) according to serological and genetic variation. Different serotypes of HPIVs have diverse clinical disease spectrum, epidemic characteristics and disease burden. Based on the nucleotide variation in structural protein genes, HPIVs can be further divided into distinct genotypes and subtypes with diverse temporal and spatial distribution features. The standard molecular typing methods are helpful to clarify the gene evolution and transmission patterns of HPIVs in the process of population transmission. However, the development of molecular epidemiology of HPIVs has been hindered by the lack of a standardized molecular typing method worldwide. Therefore, this study reviewed the viral characteristics, genome structure, existing genotyping methods and evolution of HPIVs, and screened the reference strains for molecular typing, so as to improve the understanding of gene characteristics and molecular typing of HPIVs, and provide an important scientific basis for the monitoring and research of molecular epidemiology of HPIVs in China.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Molecular Typing , Parainfluenza Virus 1, Human/genetics , Parainfluenza Virus 2, Human/genetics , Parainfluenza Virus 3, Human/genetics , Paramyxoviridae Infections/epidemiology , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 450-457, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935169

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and compare the effect of standard or prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on the long-term prognosis of elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods: Consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus, ≥65 years old, underwent DES implantation, and had no adverse events within 1 year after operation underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. These patients were divided into three groups according to DAPT duration: standard DAPT duration group (11 ≤ DAPT duration≤ 13 months) and prolonged DAPT duration group (13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months; DAPT duration>24 months). All the patients were followed up at 1, 6 months, 1, 2 and 5 years in order to collect the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and type 2 to 5 bleeding events defined by the Federation of Bleeding Academic Research (BARC). MACCE were consisted of all cause death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization or stroke. The incidence of clinical adverse events were compared among 3 different DAPT duration groups, and Cox regression model were used to analyze the effect of different DAPT duration on 5-year long-term prognosis. Results: A total of 1 562 patients were enrolled, aged (70.8±4.5) years, with 398 female (25.5%). There were 467 cases in standard DAPT duration group, 684 cases in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and 411 cases in DAPT duration>24 months group. The patients in standard DAPT duration group and the prolonged DAPT duration groups accounted for 29.9% (467/1 562) and 70.1% (1 095/1 562), respectively. The 5-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of all-cause death in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group (4.8%(33/684) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.011) and DAPT duration>24 month group(4.1%(17/411) vs. 8.6%(40/467),P=0.008) were significantly lower than in standard DAPT group. The incidence of myocardial infarction in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was lower than in standard DAPT duration group (1.9%(13/684) vs. 5.1%(24/467),P=0.002). The incidence of MACCE in 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group was the lowest (standard DAPT duration group, 13<DAPT duration≤ 24 months group and DAPT duration>24 month group were 19.3% (90/467), 12.3% (84/684), 20.2% (83/411), respectively, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of stroke and bleeding events among the three groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that compared with the standard DAPT group, prolonged DAPT to 13-24 months was negatively correlated with MACCE (HR=0.601, 95%CI 0.446-0.811, P=0.001), all-cause death (HR=0.568, 95%CI 0.357-0.903, P=0.017) and myocardial infarction (HR=0.353, 95%CI 0.179-0.695, P=0.003). DAPT>24 months was negatively correlated with all-cause death (HR=0.687, 95%CI 0.516-0.913, P=0.010) and positively correlated with revascularization (HR=1.404, 95%CI 1.116-1.765, P=0.004). There was no correlation between prolonged DAPT and bleeding events. Conclusions: For elderly patients with coronary heart disease complicated with diabetes mellitus underwent DES implantation, and had no MACCE and bleeding events within 1 year after operation, appropriately prolonging of the DAPT duration is related to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular adverse events. Patients may benefit the most from the DAPT between 13 to 24 months. In addition, prolonging DAPT duration does not increase the incidence of bleeding events in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Male , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the influence of single and staged percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on long-term prognosis in patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease.Methods:Using prospective research methods, 1 832 patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were selected. According to the time of PCI, the patients were divided into single PCI group (1 218 cases) and staged PCI group (614 cases). The patients were followed up for 2 years, the primary endpoint was major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event (MACCE), including target vessel-related myocardial infarction (TV-MI), target vessel-related revascularization (TVR), cardiogenic death and stroke, and the secondary endpoint was stent thrombosis. The propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to balance the discrepancies between 2 groups, and the baseline and follow-up data were compared. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves were drawn to evaluate the survival rates events; multifactor Cox proportional risk regression was used to analyze whether staged PCI was an independent risk factor for the endpoint events.Results:The in-hospital stay, duration of procedure and synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) score in single PCI group were significantly lower than those in staged PCI group: (5.54±3.09) d vs. (9.50±4.06) d, (43.12±28.55) min vs. (79.54±44.35) min, (14.04±7.63) scores vs. (18.51±7.79) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01); there were no statistical difference in complete revascularization rate and SYNTAX score after PCI between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Based on 2-year follow-up, the incidences of TV-MI and stent thrombosis in staged PCI group were significantly higher than those in single PCI group: 2.1% (13/614) vs. 0.5% (6/1 218) and 2.0% (12/614) vs. 0.4% (5/1 218), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). Kaplan-Meier survival curves analysis results showed that the event-free survival rates of TV-MI and stent thrombosis in single PCI group were better than those in staged PCI group (99.5% vs. 97.9% and 99.6% vs. 98.0%, P<0.01). Multifactor Cox proportional risk regression analysis results showed that staged PCI was an independent risk factor for stent thrombosis ( HR = 3.91, 95% CI 1.25 to 12.18, P = 0.019). After PSM, the incidences of TV-MI and stent thrombosis in staged PCI group were significantly higher than those in single PCI group: 2.1% (13/614) vs. 0.7% (4/614) and 2.0% (12/614) vs. 0.5% (3/614), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05); Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis results showed that the event-free survival rates of TV-MI and stent thrombosis in single PCI group were significantly higher than those in staged PCI group: (99.3% vs. 97.9% and 99.5% vs. 98.0%, P<0.05); multifactor Cox proportional risk regression analysis results showed that staged PCI was not an independent risk factor of stent thrombosis ( HR = 2.29, 95% CI 0.58 to 9.00, P = 0.234). Both before and after PSM, there were no evidences for interaction between the type of angina pectoris and staged PCI ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Although a seemingly increase exists in the incidence of TV-MI and stent thrombosis in the staged PCI group, staged PCI is an independent risk factor neither for MACCE and its components, nor for stent thrombosis. In addition single PCI reduces the in-hospital days and duration of PCI procedure, which may be a relatively reasonable approach to clinical practice.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical outcome of vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET) in infertile patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) combined with insulin resistance (IR) .Methods:A total of 257 PCOS infertile patients undergoing IVF/ICSI-ET from Jan. 2018 to Dec. 2020 were included and retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into IR group (HOMA-IR≥2.5, 130 cases) and non-IR group (HOMA-IR<2.5, 127 cases) according to the level (median 2.5) of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) . The levels of basic sex hormones [follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) , luteinizing hormone (LH) , estradiol (E2) , testosterone (T) , progestational hormone (P) , anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) ] and numbers of basic sinus follicles, levels of blood glucose and insulin at 30min, 60min and 120min after glucose administration and fasting and proconceptive pregnancy outcome indicators[gonadotropin (Gn) use time and dose, number of eggs obtained, fertilization rate, high-quality embryonic rate, occurrence rate of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) , implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, biochemical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and pregnancy complications] were compared between the two groups. The influencing factors of clinical outcomes were analyzed by Logistic regression.Results:The levels of basic LH [ (8.86±1.60) mIU/ml vs (6.54±1.12) mIU/ml], T[ (63.20±7.47) ng/dl vs (52.11±5.69) ng/dl] in IR group was significantly higher than those in non-IR group ( P<0.05) . At different time-point, the levels of blood glucose and insulin in IR group were significantly higher than those in non-IR group ( P<0.05) . The Gn dose [ (1947.35±129.13) IU vs (1522.70±88.41) IU] and abortion rate [32.69% (17/52) vs 13.70% (10/73) ] in IR group was significantly higher than those in non-IR group ( P<0.05) , and the clinical pregnancy rate [40.00% (52/130) vs 57.48% (73/127) ] and live birth rate [51.92% (27/52) vs 72.60% (53/73) ] was significantly lower than those in non-IR group ( P<0.05) . Logistic regression analysis showed that age, BMI, basic LH, basic T and HOMA-IR was independent risk factors for clinical outcome of IVF/ICSI-ET in infertility patients with PCOS ( P<0.05) , and basic AMH and Gn dose were protective factors for clinical outcome ( P<0.05) . Conclusion:IR negatively affects the clinical outcome of IVF/ICSI-ET in infertile patients with PCOS, HOMA-IR is a risk factor for clinical outcomes, and IR should be evaluated in time for infertile patients with PCOS.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression levels and clinical significance of helper T cell 1/helper T cell 2 (Th1/Th2) cytokine and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients with acute leukemia (AL) complicated by infection.@*METHODS@#68 patients with AL complicated by infection admitted to Wuhan Fifth Hospital from May 2017 to January 2020 were enrolled as study group, 50 AL patients without infection were enrolled as AL group, and 30 healthy volunteers checked in physical examination center were enrolled as healthy control group. The levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), and peripheral blood Th1/Th2 cells subsets were measured and compared among the three groups. The serum IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 were compared between the patients with mild to moderate infection (n=52) and septic shock (n=16). The relationship between IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, Th1/Th2 and AL infection was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The levels of IL-6, IL-10 , TNF-α, and the proportion of Th2 of the patients in study group and AL group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group (P<0.001), while the proportion of Th1 and Th1/Th2 were significantly lower than those in healthy control group (P<0.001). The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α, and the proportion of Th2 the patients in study group were significantly higher than those in AL group (P<0.001), while the proportion of Th1 and Th1/Th2 were significantly lower than those in AL group (P<0.001). The serum IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α level of the patients in septic shock group were significantly higher than those in mild-to-moderate infection group (P<0.001), while Th1/Th2 was lower than those in mild-to-moderate infection group (P<0.001). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) values of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 alone for the diagnosis of septic shock were 0.779, 0.761, 0.724 and 0.718, which were lower than that their combination (0.910) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of serum IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α are high in patients with AL complicated infection and septic shock, while Th1/Th2 cell subsets is low. The combined detection of serum IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and Th1/Th2 is a good diagnostic value for predicting the occurrence of severe septic shock.


Subject(s)
Cytokines/metabolism , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Leukemia/metabolism , Shock, Septic/metabolism , Th1 Cells/metabolism , Th2 Cells/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 317-322, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928544

ABSTRACT

This study aims to compare the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with semen quality in men from couples with primary and secondary infertility. Semen samples were collected from 133 men who requested fertility evaluation. Seminal tract infection with Ureaplasma spp. (UU), Mycoplasma hominis (MH), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) was assessed by PCR-based diagnostic assays. Among all patients, the prevalence of STIs was higher in men from couples with primary infertility than that in men from couples with secondary infertility (39.7% vs 21.7%, P = 0.03). The prevalence of UU was 28.8% and 13.3% in men from couples with primary and secondary infertility, respectively. Men from couples with primary infertility were more likely to be positive for UU than men from couples with secondary infertility (P = 0.04). Regarding the UU subtype, the prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uuu) and Ureaplasma parvum (Uup; including Uup1, Uup3, Uup6, and Uup14) did not differ between the two groups. No associations between the prevalence rates of MH, MG, and CT were found in men from either infertility group. A lower sperm concentration was associated with STI pathogen positivity in men with primary infertility according to the crude model (P = 0.04). The crude and adjusted models showed that semen volume (both P = 0.03) and semen leukocyte count (both P = 0.02) were independently associated with secondary infertility. These findings suggest the importance of classifying the type of infertility during routine diagnosis of seminal tract infections.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infertility, Male/epidemiology , Male , Mycoplasma genitalium , Mycoplasma hominis , Prevalence , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 186-190, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928536

ABSTRACT

Nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) is a common cause of infertility and is defined as the complete absence of sperm in ejaculation due to defective spermatogenesis. The aim of this study was to identify the genetic etiology of NOA in an infertile male from a Chinese consanguineous family. A homozygous missense variant of the membrane-bound O-acyltransferase domain-containing 1 (MBOAT1) gene (c.770C>T, p.Thr257Met) was found by whole-exome sequencing (WES). Bioinformatic analysis also showed that this variant was a pathogenic variant and that the amino acid residue in MBOAT1 was highly conserved in mammals. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) analysis showed that the mRNA level of MBOAT1 in the patient was 22.0% lower than that in his father. Furthermore, we screened variants of MBOAT1 in a broader population and found an additional homozygous variant of the MBOAT1 gene in 123 infertile men. Our data identified homozygous variants of the MBOAT1 gene associated with male infertility. This study will provide new insights for researchers to understand the molecular mechanisms of male infertility and will help clinicians make accurate diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Acetyltransferases/genetics , Animals , Azoospermia/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Male , Mammals , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of micro needle knife therapy on cervical vertigo.@*METHODS@#A total of 300 patients with cervical vertigo treated from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019 were randomly divided into micro needle knife group (96 cases, 4 cases falling off), traditional acupuncture group (96 cases, 4 cases falling off) and oral drug group(95 cases, 5 cases falling off). The micro needle knife group was treated with micro needle knife in the local upper cervical segment once every other day for 7 times; the traditional acupuncture group was treated with traditional acupuncture once a day for 2 weeks;the oral drug group was given Merislon (betahistine mesilate tablets) orally, 6 mg each time, 3 times a day for 2 weeks. The patients were followed up before treatment, at the end of treatment and 3 months after treatment. The dizziness handicap inventory(DHI) was observed and the curative effect was evaluated according to the DHI score.@*RESULTS@#At the end of the course of treatment and 3 months after the treatment, DHI scores of the three groups were significantly lower than those before treatment(P<0.01), and the DHI scores of micro needle knife group were lower than those of traditional acupuncture group and oral drug group at the same time point after treatment (P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in DHI scores between traditional acupuncture group and oral drug group at the same time after treatment(P< 0.05). The curative effect was evaluated according to DHI score:in micro needle knife group, 50 cases were cured, 28 cases were markedly effective, 14 cases were improved, the total effective rate was 95.83%; in traditional acupuncture group, 28 cases were cured, 26 cases were markedly effective, and 24 cases were improved, with the total effective rate of 81.25%;in oral drug group, 18 cases were cured, 20 cases were markedly effective, and 28 cases were improved, with the total effective rate of 69.47%. The total effective rate of micro needle knife group was significantly higher than that of other two groups (χ2=45.956, P=0.000). Among the cured patients in the three groups, the time required in the micro needle knife group was significantly less than that in the traditional acupuncture group and oral drug group(F=18.796, P=0.000).@*CONCLUSION@#Micro needle knife loosening atlantoaxial soft tissue has obvious curative effect on cervical vertigo which clinical cure rate, effective rate and treatment time required for cured patients are better than traditional acupuncture and oral drug.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Case-Control Studies , Humans , Needles , Treatment Outcome , Vertigo/therapy
16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 288-291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920635

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between urinary metals and lung function among college students, and to provide a theoretical basis for related research on metal exposure and lung function injury.@*Methods@#A total of 45 healthy college students were recruited from North China University of Science and Technology in Caofeidian between 2017-2018. During the four seasons, information was obtained from questionnaires and physical examinations, lung function parameters were assessed, including FVC, FEV1, PEF, FEV1/FVC and FEF 25-75 , and morning urine samples were collected simultaneously. The urinary levels of 15 metals were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP/MS); a Kruskal Wallis H test was used to compare differences in urinary metals during the four seasons; and a mixed effect model was used to assess correlations between urinary metals and lung function.@*Results@#There were significant differences in the levels of urinary chromium, iron, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, selenium, molybdenum, cadmium, antimony and lead from 15 metals over the four seasons ( H =9.79- 20.61 , P <0.05). The differences observed in five lung function parameters over the four seasons were statistically significant ( F =61.72, 45.30, 47.61, 25.47, 35.13, P <0.05). The linear mixed effect model analysis showed that urinary concentrations of vanadium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel and antimony were negatively correlated with FEV1( B =0.202, 0.192, 0.181, 0.154, 0.131 , 0.283); urinary concentrations of aluminum, vanadium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, zinc, cadmium, and antimony were negatively correlated with FVC ( B =0.252, 0.290, 0.292, 0.271, 0.201, 0.180, 0.171, 0.163, 0.381); urinary concentrations of manganese and antimony were negatively correlated with PEF ( B =0.291, 0.354)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The increase of multiple metal concentrations among college students was related to lung function decline, the long term metal exposure might lead to lung function damage. So environmental metal pollution should be controlled.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2405-2415, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937060

ABSTRACT

Eleven monoterpene glucosides were isolated from a water decoction of Monochasma savatieri by column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, Sephadex LH-20, and HW-40C, combined with preparative TLC, reversed phase HPLC, and flash column chromatographic techniques. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data, along with acidic and enzymatic hydrolysis as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and NMR calculations, including six new compounds (1-4, 7 and 8), named monochasides A-D, G and H, respectively. Comparing the reported data of 9-hydroxylinaloyl 3-O-β-D-glucoside (5), (6Z)-9-hydroxylinaloyl 3-O-β-D-glucoside (6), and kankanoside D1 (9) with those obtained in this study, the absolute configurations of 6 and 9 were proved for the first time. Other two compounds were identified as 8-hydroxygeraniol 1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (10) and 8-hydroxygeraniol 8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (11), respectively.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929059

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is one of the most malignant tumors and is associated with high mortality rates among women. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) is an extract from the fruits of the traditional Chinese herb, L. barbarum. LBP is a promising anticancer drug, due to its high activity and low toxicity. Although it has anticancer properties, its mechanisms of action have not been fully established. Ferroptosis, which is a novel anticancer strategy, is a cell death mechanism that relies on iron-dependent lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. In this study, human breast cancer cells (Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) and MD Anderson-Metastatic Breast-231 (MDA-MB-231)) were treated with LBP. LBP inhibited their viability and proliferation in association with high levels of ferroptosis. Therefore, we aimed to ascertain whether LBP reduced cell viability through ferroptosis. We found that the structure and function of mitochondria, lipid peroxidation, and expression of solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11, also known as xCT, the light-chain subunit of cystine/glutamate antiporter system Xc-) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) were altered by LBP. Moreover, the ferroptosis inhibitor, Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1), rescued LBP-induced ferroptosis-associated events including reduced cell viability and glutathione (GSH) production, accumulation of intracellular free divalent iron ions and malondialdehyde (MDA), and down-regulation of the expression of xCT and GPX4. Erastin (xCT inhibitor) and RSL3 (GPX4 inhibitor) inhibited the expression of xCT and GPX4, respectively, which was lower after the co-treatment of LBP with Erastin and RSL3. These results suggest that LBP effectively prevents breast cancer cell proliferation and promotes ferroptosis via the xCT/GPX4 pathway. Therefore, LBP exhibits novel anticancer properties by triggering ferroptosis, and may be a potential therapeutic option for breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Female , Ferroptosis , Glutathione/metabolism , Humans , Iron/metabolism
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 343-352, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922910

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignancy burdening people globally, with increasing morbidity and mortality nowadays, due to the alternation in the diet type and lifestyle in modern society. Berberine, a type of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid, is widely present in numerous medicinal plants, particularly including Coptidis Rhizoma. Mounting evidence reveals that berberine possesses an array of pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammation, anti-bacterium, anti-cancer, anti-diabetes mellitus and so on. In particular, berberine exhibits substantial inhibition on various types of cancers including CRC. Hereby, we sought to systematically review the suppressive effect of berberine on CRC through the diminishment of the proliferation and metastasis, induction of apoptosis, arrest of cell cycle, regulation of inflammatory reaction, the reverse of chemotherapeutic resistance and restoration of gut microbiota in CRC, so as to shed light on the in-depth mechanisms underlying the treatment of CRC with berberine in the clinical setting.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 783-789, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941353

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of platelet reactivity and other clinical factors on the postoperative 1-year adverse clinical events in patients who underwent selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective and observational study, enrolling 632 patients at high risk of bleeding adjudicated by operators who underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin and had preoperative thrombelastography (TEG) test results in Fuwai Hospital, Northern Theater General Hospital and Xinxiang Central Hospital between January 2017 and August 2018. Platelet reactivity was tested by TEG and adenosine-induced maximal amplitude (MAADP) was recorded. According to MAADP patients were divided into three groups: low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LTPR) group (MAADP<31 mm, n=229), normal on-treatment platelet reactivity (NTPR) group (31 mm≤MAADP≤47 mm, n=207) and high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) group (MAADP>47 mm, n=196). The endpoints consisted of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events. The definition of MACCE was the composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, intrastent thrombosis, stroke and revascularization. Bleeding events were defined by bleeding academic research consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 and 5 bleeding. Using multivariate Cox regression to analyze the factors of MACCE and bleeding events in patients underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Results: A total of 632 patients were finally enrolled in the study with age of (68.3±10.0) years and there were 423 (66.9%) males. All of 632 patients finished one-year follow-up, and 48 (7.6%) patients occurred MACCE and 11 (1.7%) patients occurred bleeding events. There was not statistically significant difference in the incidence of MACCE (8.3% (19/229) vs. 6.3% (13/207) vs.8.2% (16/196), P=0.68) and bleeding events (1.8% (4/229) vs. 2.9% (6/207) vs. 0.5% (1/196), P=0.17) in LTPR, NTPR and HTPR group. Multivariate Cox regression showed that HTPR was not the independent factor of MACCE (HR=1.25, 95%CI 0.67-2.30, P=0.49), and the history of peripheral vessel disease was the independent risk factor of MACCE (HR=2.47, 95%CI 1.19-5.11, P=0.02). LTPR was not the independent factor of bleeding events (HR=1.35, 95%CI 0.39-4.66, P=0.64), and the independent factors of bleeding events were history of peripheral vessel disease (HR=3.95, 95%CI 1.03-15.22, P=0.05) and hemoglobin (HR=0.96, 95%CI 0.93-0.99, P=0.01). Conclusions: In patients undergoing selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin, there is no significant association between platelet reactivity and postoperative 1-year MACCE or bleeding events. History of peripheral vessel disease is an independent risk factor of MACCE, and history of peripheral vessel disease and decreased hemoglobin are independent risk factors of bleeding events.

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