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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 329-332, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016377

ABSTRACT

@#The sternum is the pivotal component of the thoracic cavity. It is connected with the clavicle and ribs on the upper part and both sides respectively, and plays an important role in protecting the stability of the chest wall. Sternal resection usually results in a large segmental chest wall defect that causes the chest wall to float and requires sternal reconstruction. This paper reports a 62 years male patient with thymic squamous cell carcinoma with sternal metastasis, who underwent thymotomy, sternal tumor resection and autologous lilum graft combined with sternal reconstruction by titanium plate after relevant examination was completed and surgical contraindications were eliminated. The patient was followed up for 6 months, the respiratory and motor functions were normal and the thoracic appearance was good.

2.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 207-216, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000571

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are prone to developing persistent renal insufficiency. Novel therapeutic medications have improved long-term survival, making kidney transplantation (KT) a viable treatment option for MM survivors with end-stage renal disease. This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes in patients with MM who have received KT. @*Methods@#Data from hospitalized patients ≥ 40 years of age with MM in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2016–2018 of the United States were queried. Patients were classified as having or not having undergone KT, as well as the stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) for those who had not received KT. Propensity-score matching (PSM) was applied to balance the characteristics between the groups. Binary logistic regression was utilized to determine the associations between study variables and inhospital mortality, unfavorable discharges, prolonged length of stay (LOS), and major complications. @*Results@#In total, 50,654 hospitalized patients with MM were identified, of whom 165 (0.3%) had received KT and 50,489 had not (5,905 at stage 5 CKD [CKD5D], 11,559 at stage 1–4 CKD [CKD1-4D], and 33,025 who were CKD-free). After PSM, between-group demographic and hospital-related characteristics were balanced. Binary regression analysis revealed that, compared to patients who were CKD-free, patients at CKD5D were significantly more likely to experience a prolonged LOS (odds ratio [OR], 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01–1.70) after adjusting for relevant confounders. Furthermore, compared to CKD-free patients, those who underwent KT were significantly more likely to have sepsis (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.02–2.14). However, KT showed no association with the other adverse inpatient outcomes. @*Conclusions@#Although KT is not common in MM patients, those who had undergone KT had comparable hospital outcomes to CKD-free patients. These data will help clinicians deliver better consultations to MM patients attempting to receive KT.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 691-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987120

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the risk factors of new-onset hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) in kidney transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 149 kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to serum triglyceride (TG) level after operation, they were divided into the non-HTG group (TG≤1.7 mmol/L, n=60) and new-onset HTG group (TG>1.7 mmol/L, n=89). Baseline data of all recipients were compared between two groups. The risk factors of HTG in kidney transplant recipients were analyzed by generalized estimating equation (GEE), and validated by multiple regression equations. Results No significant differences were observed in baseline data between two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the incidence of HTG in the middle and high tacrolimus (Tac) concentration groups was higher than that in the low Tac concentration group [odds ratio (OR) 3.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.22-7.93, P=0.018 in the middle Tac concentration group; OR 5.11, 95%CI 1.31-19.98, P=0.019 in the high Tac concentration group]. Compared with type-A blood recipients, the risk of new-onset HTG was significantly increased in type-O blood counterparts (OR 2.77, 95%CI 1.14-6.71, P=0.024). The risk of new-onset HTG was decreased along with the increase of preoperative globulin level (OR 0.93, 95%CI 0.87-0.99, P=0.043). At postoperative 3 months, Tac blood concentration in the new-onset HTG group was significantly higher compared with that in the non-HTG group, and significant difference was observed (P<0.05). Multiple regression equations confirmed that the risk of new-onset HTG in type-O blood kidney transplant recipients was higher than that in type-A blood counterparts, and the risk of new-onset HTG in the middle and high Tac concentration groups was higher than that in the low Tac concentration group (all P<0.05). Conclusions Type-O blood kidney transplant recipients are more prone to HTG. It is necessary to strengthen postoperative monitoring and control of blood lipids. The blood concentration of Tac probably affects the new-onset HTG in kidney transplant recipients. Maintaining an appropriate blood concentration of Tac may be beneficial to lowering the risk of HTG.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 528-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010233

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problems of quality control and traceability of medical test lung for meeting the calibration conditions of JJF 1234-2018 Calibration Specification for Ventilators, the calibration device and method are researched for compliance and airway resistance of medical test lung in this paper. A calibration device for medical test lung is designed using constant volume active piston technology to simulate human breathing. Through comparison experiment, the deviation between this device and the similar foreign device can be found. The deviation is lower than 0.4% for lung compliance and lower than 0.7% for airway resistance. The calibration of lung compliance and airway resistance can be completed by this device. This device has a clear and complete traceability path to ensure quality control from the source. The calibration of ventilator is improved. This paper provides a reference for related metrology departments and medical institutions to study on quality inspection of respiratory medical instruments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calibration , Ventilators, Mechanical , Respiration , Quality Control , Lung
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2092-2102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981341

ABSTRACT

With scarce resources, natural Bovis Calculus is expensive and hard to meet clinical demand. At the moment, four kinds of Bovis Calculus are available on the market: the natural product, in vitro cultured product, synthesized product, and the product formed in cow after manual intervention. In this study, papers on the four kinds of Bovis Calculus products and relevant Chinese patent medicines were searched from Web of Science, PubMed, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI). CiteSpace, citexs AI, and CNKI were employed for bibliometric analysis and knowledge map analysis. On this basis, the status, trend, and focuses of research on Bovis Calculus and relevant Chinese patent medicines were summarized. The results suggested overall slow development in the research on Bovis Calculus and relevant Chinese patent medicines with three typical growth stages. It is consistent with the development of Bovis Calculus substitutes and the national policy for the development of traditional Chinese medicine. At the moment, the research on Bovis Calculus and relevant Chinese patent medicines has been on the rise. In recent years, there has been an explosion of research on them, particularly the quality control of Bovis Calculus and the Chinese patent medicines, the pharmacological efficacy of Chinese patent medicines, such as Angong Niuhuang Pills, and the comparison of the quality of various Bovis Calculus products. However, there is a paucity of research on the pharmacological efficacy and the mechanism of Bovis Calculus. This medicinal and the relevant Chinese patent medicines have been studied from diverse perspectives and China becomes outstanding in this research field. However, it is still necessary to reveal the chemical composition, pharmacological efficacy, and mechanism through multi-dimensional deep research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Bibliometrics , Biological Products , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1844-1848, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996896

ABSTRACT

The ocular surface microbiota is a part of the human ocular surface microenvironment and is critical to its stability. Many studies have explored the composition of the ocular surface microbiota in health and disease, but the research results are different based on internal and external factors, and the relationship between microorganism dysbiosis and diseases also remains unclear. As the research on intestinal microorganisms and systemic diseases has intensified in recent years, ophthalmic researchers have been inspired to further explore the relationship between ocular surface microbiota and non-infectious ocular surface diseases. Therefore, this article will review the core microbiota of the normal ocular surface as well as alterations in ocular surface microbiota in ocular and systemic diseases, and discuss the possible mechanisms of diseases caused by microorganism dysbiosis, hoping to provide a reference for future studies in ocular surface microbiota.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 948-953, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of restenosis after dilation of anastomotic stenosis in patients with esophageal cancer surgery.Methods:Clinical data of 997 patients who underwent endoscopic dilation due to anastomotic stenosis after esophageal cancer radical surgery in the Affiliated Huai′an First Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from June 2015 to July 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 486 cases receiving single dilation (single dilation group) and 511 cases receiving more than two dilations (multiple dilation group). The risk factors of restenosis were explored using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results:There were 682 males and 315 females with a median age of 65 years, the median distance between the stenosis and incisor was 20 (20, 22) cm, the median stenosis diameter was 4 (3, 5) mm, and the median stenosis diameter after dilation was 11 (11, 13) mm. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the distance of the stenosis and incisor ( Z=-2.303, P<0.05), stenosis diameter ( Z=-4.637, P<0.05) and stenosis diameter after dilation ( Z=-5.773, P<0.05) between single and multiple dilation groups. Stratified multivariate logistic regression showed that for male patients, risk of multiple dilations dropped by approximately 3% for every 1-mm increase in the distance between the stenosis and incisor ( OR=0.97, 95% CI:0.93-1.00, P=0.047); the risk of multiple dilations decreased by about 15%, for every 1-mm increase in stenosis diameter ( OR=0.85, 95% CI:0.76-0.94, P=0.004); the risk of multiple dilations decreased by about 13% for every 1-mm increase in stenosis diameter after dilation ( OR=0.87, 95% CI:0.78-0.96, P=0.007). For females patients under 60 years old, the risk of multiple dilations decreased by about 31%, for every 1-mm increase in stenosis diameter after dilation ( OR=0.69, 95% CI:0.47-0.98, P=0.049); for female patients≥60 years old, the risk decreased by about 5%, for every 1-year increase in age ( OR=0.95, 95% CI:0.91-1.00, P=0.037), risk of multiple dilations dropped by 17%( OR=0.83, 95% CI:0.70-0.99, P=0.039) for every 1 mm increase in stenosis diameter after dilation. Stratified smooth curve fitting indicated that the distance between the stenosis and incisor≤23 mm, stenosis diameter≤4.5 mm, stenosis diameter after dilation≤12 mm were risk factors for multiple dilations. Conclusions:The study indicates that patients with the distance between the stenosis and incisor≤23 mm, stenosis diameter≤4.5 mm, stenosis diameter after dilation≤12 mm may need multiple dilations; and the first dilation should expand the stenosis diameter to 12 mm or above as far as possible to reduce the risk of restenosis in patients receiving esophageal cancer radical surgery.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 118-122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) using Aspirex device for treating acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (IFDVT).Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 68 patients with IFDVT at our institution from Jan 2019 to Jun 2021 was retrospectively analyzed.Results:Twenty-six patients who had received PMT combined with auxiliary catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) were included into group A, and 42 patients received CDT alone were into group B.The final thrombus clearance rates were more than 50%, and the clinical efficacy of thrombolysis was achieved. Group A associated a significant reduction in lysis duration and UK dosage and hospital days and degree of detumescence after 24 h compared with group B,and all aforementioned differences were statistically significant. Hospitalization costs in group A were more than group B. At one year follow-up, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the cumulative prevalence post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and the Villalta score and primary patency (92.0% vs. 90.0% , χ2=0.059, P=0.807). Conclusions:The application of PMT using the Aspirex device for acute IFDVT was safe and effective, which could accelerate the clearance of thrombus, and reduce UK dosage, lysis duration, hospital days. However, it increased the hospitalization costs.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 313-316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of the sodium leak channel (NALCN) in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) in the social behavior of mice.Methods:Thirty-nine male wild-type C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 18-22 g, were used in this study. Three mice were sacrificed to verify the expression and co-expression of NALCN with neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) in the hippocampal DG using the immunofluorescent staining. The remaining 36 mice were divided into 2 groups ( n=18 each) by the random number table method: control group (group C) and NALCN gene knockdown group (group KO). NALCN-shRNA virus was injected in group KO, and scrambled-shRNA virus was injected in group C. The three box social test and open field test were performed at 3 weeks after the virus injection. Mice were sacrificed under anesthesia after the behavioral test, hippocampal tissues were collected, and the injection location of the virus was verified with a fluorescence microscope, and the NALCN protein and mRNA expression in the hippocampal DG was detected by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Results:NALCN and NeuN co-expressed a lot on the same neuron in the hippocampal DG of mice, indicating that NALCN was widely expressed on the neurons in the hippocampal DG. Compared with group C, the expression of NALCN and mRNA in the hippocampal DG was significantly down-regulated, and the social novelty preference disappeared ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the social ability and each parameter in the open field test in group KO ( P>0.05). Conclusions:NALCN in the hippocampal DG is involved in the regulation of social memory in mice, and the down-regulated expression of NALCN can lead to the loss of social novelty preference in mice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 422-426, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and prognosis of partial nephrectomy (PN) in the treatment of highly malignant non-clear renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC).Methods:Clinical data of 47 patients with cT 1N 0M 0 high malignant nccRCC treated in Changhai Hospital from March 2016 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received PN. There were 34(72.3%) males and 13(27.7%) females. The mean age was (53.5±15.0) years, and average BMI, was(23.7±3.4)kg/m 2.The maximum tumor diameter was (29.8±12.6) mm, and R. E.N.A.L. score was 7(5-9), with 37(78.7%) cases of T 1a and 10(21.3%) cases of T 1b. The mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) before surgery was (96.3±25.5) ml/ (min·1.73m 2). All patients underwent PN, including 1 patient (2.1%) undergoing open surgery, 29 patients (61.7%) undergoing laparoscopic surgery, and 17 patients (36.2%) undergoing robotic surgery. There were a total of 22(46.8%) cases of papillary cell carcinoma(pRCC)type Ⅱ, 4(8.5%) cases of collecting duct carcinoma (cdRCC), 9(19.1%) cases of MiT family translocated renal cell carcinoma (tRCC), 5(10.6%) cases of mucoid tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (mtSCC)and 7(14.9%) cases of unclassified renal cell carcinoma (uRCC). The surgical conversion rate, positive margin rate, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, complications, and postoperative hospital stay were analyzed. Preoperative and postoperative eGFR were analyzed, and overall survival (OS) and cancer specific survival (CSS) were calculated. Results:All the operations were successfully completed. No radical operation or open operation was performed, with operation time of(100±60) min and intraoperative blood loss of(100±59) ml. There were no intraoperative complication and 1 case (2.1%) suffered from postoperative complication. Postoperative hospital stay were 5 (4-6) days. The mean eGFR after surgery was (86.5±27.1) ml/(min·1.73m 2), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.041). In this study, the mean follow-up time was (45.7±20.9)months, and no adjuvant therapy was used after surgery. During the follow-up period, 2 patients died, who all of them were kidney cancer-related death, and both OS and CSS were 95.7% (45/47). Conclusions:PN is safe, feasible and has a good prognosis in the treatment of high malignant T 1 nccRCC. For tumors with clear imaging boundaries and complete envelope, complete tumor resection is more likely, postoperative follow-up should be strict, and no remedial radical or systemic treatment was required.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 526-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993225

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical application of online adaptive radiotherapy based on iterative cone-beam computed tomography (iCBCT) for the pelvic malignancies.Methods:This was a prospective clinical trial of iCBCT guided online adaptive radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies in Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Clinical data of 13 patients with pelvic malignancies who received online adaptive radiotherapy from August to November, 2022 were preliminarily analyzed (2 cases of cervical cancer, 4 postoperative cervical cancer, 3 postoperative endometrial cancer, 3 bladder cancer and 1 prostate cancer). The feasibility of online adaptive radiotherapy, adaptive radiotherapy time, the frequency and magnitude of edits for organs at risk and target volume, target volume coverage and organs at risk doses were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS software. Data conforming to normal distribution were described by Mean±SD, and data with non-normal distribution were expressed by M ( Q1, Q3). Data with homogeneous variances were analyzed by t-test, and data with non-normal distribution or heterogeneous variances were analyzed by nonparametric test. Results:The average adaptive time was 15 min and 38 s (from acceptance of acquired CBCT scan to completion of the final plan selection). 85.4% (830/972 fractions) of influencer structures (system-defined organs adjacent to and with high impact on the generation of clinical target volume and planning target volume, primarily bladder, rectum and small intestine in pelvic neoplasms) automatically generated by artificial intelligence required no edits or minor editors, and 89.8% (491/547 fractions) of clinical target volume automatically generated by artificial intelligence required no edits or minor editors. The adapted plan was adopted in 98.5% (319/324 fractions) of radiotherapy fractions. Compared with the scheduled plan, the adapted plan showed better target volume coverage and reduced the dose of organs at risk.Conclusions:iCBCT guided online adaptive radiotherapy for the pelvic malignancies can be achieved within clinically acceptable timeslots. In addtion, better dose coverage of target volume shows the advantages of online adaptive radiotherapy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 241-247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993181

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences in dosimetric quality and plan complexity of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans based on Halcyon 2.0 and Truebeam for different treatment sites of the patients.Methods:Halcyon 2.0 VMAT plans in head & neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis treatment sites of 49 cases were retrospectively selected and the VMAT plans were re-designed based on Truebeam with the same optimization parameters. The differences in dosimetric metrics and plan complexity between the two types of plans were compared and analyzed. P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results:In terms of PTV, Halcyon 2.0 plans showed better homogeneity index (HI), conformal index (CI) in the head & neck and chest. Besides, Halcyon 2.0 plans yielded better D 98% and CI in the abdomen and better D 2% in the pelvis. For organs at risk (OAR), the D 20% and D mean of bilateral lungs, and D meanof heart for Halcyon 2.0 plans in the chest were lower than those for Truebeam plans (all P<0.05). For the complexity metrics, the median average aperture area variability (AAV) of Halcyon 2.0 plans in the head & neck, abdomen and pelvis were 0.414, 0.425 and 0.432, which were better than 0.385, 0.368 and 0.361 of Truebeam plans in the corresponding sites, respectively. In the abdomen and pelvis, Halcyon 2.0 plans showed better median modulation complexity score (MCS) than Truebeam plans (0.320 vs. 0.268, 0.303 vs. 0.282; both P<0.05). The median small aperture score (SAS) for all plans of Halcyon 2.0 were better than that of Truebeam plans (all P<0.05), and the median plan average beam area (PA) of all plans of Halcyon 2.0 were larger than that of Truebeam plans (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with conventional fractionated VMAT plans based on Halcyon 2.0 and Truebeam, Halcyon 2.0 plans have similar or even better dosimetric quality. However, Halcyon 2.0 plans have lower plan complexity, which makes it an advantage in clinical application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 175-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990741

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical value of bladder stimulation technique (BST) for clean-catch urine collection in late newborns.Methods:From November 2020 to March 2022, relatively stable late newborns hospitalized in the Department of Neonatology of our hospital were enrolled in the prospective randomized controlled trial. The newborns were assigned into BST group and control group. In BST group, urine was collected using BST (suprapubic tapping alternating with lumbosacral massage for 5 min) 20~30 min after feeding and specimen were collected using urine bag before and after BST. In the control group, urine was collected using urine bag method. The urine collection was considered successful if >1 ml of urine not contaminated by faeces were collected within 60 min. The t-test and χ 2 test were used for data analysis. Results:A total of 231 late newborns were included with 117 cases in BST group and 114 in control group. The rate of successful urine collection in BST group was higher than control group (65.8% vs. 39.4%).The time needed for successful urine collection [(30.2±8.5) min vs. (40.7±12.9) min], the incidences of faeces contamination (2.5% vs. 21.1%) and urine contamination (11.7% vs. 26.7%) in BST group were all significantly lower than control group(all P<0.05). Male and female newborns in BST group had similar success rates of urine collection (65.6% vs. 66.0%). Male newborns in BST group had similar urine contamination rate with control group (9.5% vs. 11.5%) and female newborns in BST group had significantly lower urine contamination rate than control group (14.3% vs. 47.4%, P<0.05). Urine was successfully collected in 71 newborns in BST group with median duration of BST for 81 (61,132) s. No adverse effects were observed except for transient consolable crying. Conclusions:Compared with urine bag collection method, BST improves successful urine collection rates and reduces the time needed for urine collection and urine contamination rates (especially for females).

14.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 23-28, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990721

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of transient hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH) in newborns.Methods:From January 2016 to December 2020, newborns with transient HH (HH group) admitted to our hospital were enrolled in this retrospective nested case-control study. Newborns with similar gestational age (GA) (differences of GA<2 w) without HH were matched with 1∶2 ratio as the non-HH group. Clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared and the risk factors and therapeutic results of HH in newborns were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 statistical software.Results:A total of 39 cases were included in the HH group and 75 cases were matched in the non-HH group. The proportion of small for gestational age (SGA) [51.3%(20/39) vs. 32.0%(24/75)], the amount of amino acids (AA) in intravenous infusion[1.0(0.0,1.0) g/(kg·d) vs. 0.0(0.0,1.0) g/(kg·d)], the incidence of hypoglycemia [(4.3±1.9) times vs. (3.6±1.3) times] and the maximum glucose infusion rate (GIR)[(8.3±2.5) mg/(kg·min) vs. (7.4±1.1) mg/(kg·min)] in the HH group were higher than the non-HH group (all P<0.05). The platelet count in the HH group were lower than the non-HH group [(186.9±60.9)×10 9/L vs. (215.3±61.7)×10 9/L, P<0.05]. SGA ( OR=2.535, 95% CI 1.077~5.971), the amount of intravenous AA ( OR=2.180, 95% CI 1.029~4.619) and the maximum GIR ( OR=1.405, 95% CI 1.088~1.815) were independent risk factors for transient HH. In the HH group, 28/39 cases were treated with Diazoxide or Octreotide and the therapeutic effects were good with few adverse drug reactions (ADR). 37/39 cases were recovered within 28 d of birth and the other 2 cases were recovered at 2.5 m and 3.5 m, respectively. Conclusions:SGA, the amount of intravenous AA and higher GIR are risk factors for transient HH in newborns. Diazoxide or Octreotide are effective with few ADR in the treatment of transient HH. Most patients will recover from transient HH in 2 w to 3 m.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 538-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status and correlation between stress overload, different cognitive emotion regulation strategies and stress response in palliative care nurses, and to provide reference for reducing stress reaction of hospice nurses.Methods:A total of 448 palliative care nurses from Beijing City, Jiangsu Province, Hunan Province and Anhui Province were selected as subjects by convenience sampling method in February 2022. The general information questionnaire, Stress Overload Scale, Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and Stress Response Questionnaire were used to conduct a cross-sectional survey. After analyzing their scores, correlation analysis and mediating effect analysis were conducted.Results:The stress overload score of palliative care nurses was 66.00 (55.00, 67.00), and the stress response score was 80.00 (63.00, 84.00). The stress overload was positively correlated with the stress response ( r=0.735, P<0.05), and the positive emotion regulation strategy was negatively correlated with the stress response ( r=-0.440, P<0.05), negative emotion regulation strategy was positively correlated with stress response ( r=0.747, P<0.05). The cognitive emotion regulation strategy had a partial mediating effect between the stress overload and the stress response, accounting for 29.6% of the total effect. Conclusions:Cognitive emotion regulation is the mediating variable between stress overload and stress response of palliative care nurses. Managers should pay more attention to the stress level and mental health status of palliative care nurses, and guide them to choose appropriate emotional regulation strategies, so as to reduce stress response and maintain physical and mental health.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 270-275,F4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989445

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the expression of microRNA (miRNA)-4783-3p in liver cancer tissue and its effect on the proliferation and migration of liver cancer Huh-7 cells.Methods:The cBioPortal database was used to analyze the expression of miR-4783-3p in liver cancer tissues and adjacent tissues. In strict accordance with the instructions of Lipofectamine? 2000 transfection kit, miR-4783-3p overexpression mimics or overexpression control mimics were transfected into Huh-7 cells respectively, namely overexpression group and control group. The proliferation of Huh-7 cells was analyzed by CCK-8 assay, and the migration of Huh-7 cells was analyzed by cell scratch method. The targeting relationship between miR-4783-3p and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 ( IGFBP2) mRNA was detected by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of IGFBP2 mRNA. Western-blotting was used to detect the expression of IGFBP2 protein and EGFR-STAT3 molecular pathway proteins. Results:The expression of miR-4783-3p in liver cancer tissues was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues ( P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the proliferation ability of Huh-7 cells in the overexpression group was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). The scratch healing rates of Huh-7 cells in the control group and the overexpression group were (67.71±9.04)% and (29.58±10.51)%, respectively, and the scratch healing rate in the overexpression group was significantly lower ( P<0.01). miR-4783-3p targeted and bound to IGFBP2 mRNA ( P<0.01). The expression of IGFBP2 mRNA in the control and overexpression groups was 5.76±1.44 and 0.99±0.47, respectively, and miR-4783-3p negatively regulated the expression of IGFBP2 mRNA ( P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the expressions of IGFBP2 protein and EGFR-STAT3 molecular pathway protein were decreased in the overexpression group. Conclusions:miR-4783-3p is lowly expressed in liver cancer tissues. miR-4783-3p can attenuate the proliferation and invasion ability of liver cancer Huh-7 cells by inducing the low expression of IGFBP2 gene.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4337-4337, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011174

ABSTRACT

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.apsb.2023.04.002.].

18.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 480-486, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006043

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the factors influencing the survival and prognosis of patients with bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) after surgical treatment, and to establish an artificial intelligence algorithm to predict the effects of different surgical regimens. 【Methods】 BUC patients treated with surgery during Jan.2007 and Jan.2019 in The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University and Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University were enrolled. The complete clinical and follow-up data were collected. Deep neural network (DNN) was used to establish an artificial intelligence algorithm model. A prediction model of survival and prognosis was established, and the influencing factors of survival were explored and ranked by the artificial intelligence algorithm. 【Results】 A total of 832 patients were involved, including 438 (52.64%) treated in The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, and 394 (47.36%) treated in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University. Of all cases, 579 (69.6%) were non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, and 253 (30.4%) were muscle invasive bladder cancer. Transurethral resection of bladder tumor was conducted in 539 (64.8%) cases, partial cystectomy in 66 (7.9%) cases, and total cystectomy in 227 (27.3%) cases. The data of patients treated in Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University were used for DNN modeling, and the data of patients treated in Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University were used for external verification after modeling. Finally, it was concluded that the factors affecting survival and prognosis were T stage, pathological grade, hypertension or cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, hemoglobin, blood calcium, smoking, albumin, lymphocytes, age, ratio of albumin/globulin, operation method, N stage, and creatinine clearance rate in descending order. The model could be used for preoperative prediction. 【Conclusion】 Through DNN modeling and external verification, the influencing factors of postoperative survival can be predicted for patients with bladder cancer, and the surgical effects can also be predicted before operation. The model can provide artificial intelligence algorithm support for the selection of surgical methods and postoperative follow-up plans.

19.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 566-572, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006023

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the penile appearance, sexual function, psychological status and related influencing factors of adult patients who underwent hypospadias repair surgery in their minors, so as to provide reference for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of hypospadias. 【Methods】 This study included 50 adult hypospadias patients who underwent urethroplasty in our hospital during May 2005 and Aug. 2018. The present appearance, sexual function and psychological status were evaluated. The correlation and consistency between hypospadias objective scoring evaluation (HOSE) and pediatric penile perception score (PPPS) were analyzed. Factors affecting the results were determined with univariate and multivariate regression analysis. 【Results】 The satisfaction rate of HOSE was significantly correlated with the urethral length and complications (P=0.024, P=0.033). The satisfaction rate of PPPS was significantly correlated with the number of urethral operations and postoperative complications (P=0.041, P=0.023). There was a weak correlation between HOSE and PPPS (r=0.291, P=0.040), but almost no consistency (Kappa=0.2, P=0.107). Sixty percent of the patients paid attention to the ventral appearance of penis, whose dissatisfaction rate of PPPS was higher than those who did not pay attention to the ventral appearance of the penis (19/30 vs. 6/20, P=0.021). Patients with multiple operations (>1), postoperative complications or unsatisfactory penile appearance were more likely to have inferiority complex (52.6% vs. 22.6%, P=0.029; 59.1% vs.14.3%, P=0.001;61.5% vs. 24.3%, P=0.015). Multivariate regression analysis showed that dissatisfaction with the appearance of the penis was an independent risk factor for patients’ perception of their own physical defects. Among the patients who believed that they had physical defects, the percentage of patients with grade IV penile erectile hardness was significantly lower than that of those who denied they had physical defects (9/17 vs. 27/33, P=0.047). 【Conclusion】 The undesirable postoperative penis appearance is likely to have a negative impact on patients’ long-term psychological state, which might further damage the sexual function in adulthood. Surgeons should pay attention to the penile appearance during the conduction of hypospadias repair.

20.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 523-528, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004928

ABSTRACT

  Objective  To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatments and prognosis of pachydermoperiostosis (PDP) with synovitis, and to improve clinicians′ understanding of PDP.  Methods  The clinical data of 5 patients diagnosed with PDP in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.  Results  Among the 5 patients in this study, all were male, with an average age of (24.2±3.8)years old. The main manifestations of PDP were joint swelling and pain and skin thickening. In this study, all 5 patients were treated with medication, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, and immunosuppressants, and 4 patients were treated with arthroscopic minimally invasive synovectomy. Their symptoms gradually improved and controlled. The last patient′s symptoms of synovitis were mild and significantly relieved after conservative treatment.  Conclusions  The diagnosis of PDP is still challenging. Symptoms can be alleviated, and the progression of the disease can be basically controlled after active drug therapy and surgical mitigation measures.

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