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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 507-512, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920471

ABSTRACT

Trollius chinensis has a wide range of pharmacological effects ,including anti-oxidative ,antibacterial,antiviral, anti-inflammatory,anti-tumor,anti-aging,antipyretic and analgesic effects ,relieving cough and removing phlegm ,viscera protection,and so on. Flavonoids and phenolic acids are the main medicinal components of it ,especially three monomers have a wide range of efficacy and have been studied more ,such as orientin ,vitexin and 2″-O-galactopyranosyl orientin. T. chinensis is mostly used in clinical practice in the form of Chinese patent medicines ,such as Jinlianhua granules ,Jinlianhua capsules , Jinlianhua tablets and Jinlianhua oral liquid. These medicines are used to treatment of upper respiratory tract infection ,pharyngitis, tonsillitis,periodontitis,mumps,oral ulcer ,and hand-foot-mouth disease. They are usually used by combining with Western medicine. Due to its definite curative effect and less adverse drug reactions ,T. chinensis related preparations are more suitable for pediatric population ,and they can be used for the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection in children ,acute suppurative tonsillitis in children ,epidemic mumps in children ,hand-foot-mouth disease in children ,which is also one of its drug characteristics. This paper review the relevant literatures in recent 20 years from the respective of pharmacological effects and clinical applicationin order to provide reference for further promoting rational clinical application of T. chinensis and new drug research and development.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the lipid accumulation product index (LAP) and the risk of carotid atherosclerosis in different gender groups.Methods:The data of 2 740 employees of Dalian municipal government and institutions, including 1 583 males and 1 157 females, who had underwent physical examination in Dalian Municipal Central Hospital Affiliated of Dalian Medical University from January to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The general data, laboratory indexes and carotid ultrasound data of the population were collected, and the body mass index (BMI) and LAP value were calculated. According to carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), the subjects were divided into carotid atherosclerosis group (IMT ≥ 1.0 mm) and carotid normal group (IMT<1.0 mm). The clinical indicators between the two groups were compared. Independent risk factors for carotid atherosclerosis were analyzed by binary Logistic regression, and the cutoff point for predicting carotid atherosclerosis by LAP was calculated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The age, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), LAP, BMI, total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), systemic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in the male and female population carotid atherosclerosis groups were significantly higher than those in the normal group ( P<0.05). The results of binary Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting age, BMI, HC, WC, smoking, drinking, hypertension, diabetes, TC and LDL-C, the risk of carotid arteriosclerosis still increased 1.316 times with each quartile interval of LAP in women ( OR= 1.316, 95% CI 1.063 to 1.629, P = 0.012). In men, after adjusting for these factors, the independent effect of LAP on the risk of carotid atherosclerosis disappeared. In women, the area under curve (AUC) of LAP in predicting carotid atherosclerosis was 0.713, significantly higher than that of BMI (AUC 0.614) and WC (AUC 0.654), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). But there was no significant difference among the three indexes in the male population in predicting carotid atherosclerosis. According to ROC curve, the best cut-off value of LAP for predicting carotid atherosclerosis was 32.13 cm·mmol/L in men and 33.70 cm·mmol/L in women. Conclusions:LAP is an independent risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis in female population, and its predictive ability for carotid atherosclerosis is higher than that of body mass index and waist circumference. LAP ≥ 33.70 cm·mmol/L can be used as the best cut-off value for screening carotid atherosclerosis in female population.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 104 patients with pancreatic head cancer who underwent radical resection in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from May 2014 to May 2015 were collected. There were 62 males and 42 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients underwent carative pancreaticoduodenectomy. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) follow-up; (3) influencing factors for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview to detect recurrence of patients up to postoperative 1 year. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Count data were described as absolutes numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Multivariate analysis was analyzed using the Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Surgical situations: 104 patients underwent curative pancreaticoduodenec-tomy successfully. The volume of intraoperative blood loss was (474±280)mL and the number of lymph node dissection was 21±10. (2) Follow-up: 104 patients received postoperative follow-up, 44 of whom had early recurrence. Of the 44 patients with early recurrence, 42 cases had intraperitoneal recurrence including 23 cases with liver metastasis, 7 cases with metastasis in surgical site, 7 cases with retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis, 5 cases with omentum metastasis, 2 cases had extraperitoneal recurrence including 1 case with pleural metastasis and 1 case with pulmonary metastasis. (3) Influencing factors for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer: results of univariate analysis showed levels of preoperative CA19-9, levels of postoperative CA19-9, the number of lymph node dissection were related factors for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer ( χ2=5.833, 9.276, 4.261, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that postoperative CA19-9 >37 U/mL was an independent risk factor for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer ( odd ratio=3.599,95% confidence interval as 1.551-8.347, P<0.05). Conclusion:Postoperative CA19-9>37 U/mL is an independent risk factor for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and trend of stroke death among registered residents in Hexi District of Tianjin from 2007 to 2019,and to provide scientific basis for evaluation of comprehensive prevention and control strategies and measures of stroke. Methods:All death monitoring data of the residents was collected and the crude mortality, standardized mortality and annual percent change (APC) of stroke were obtained by statistical treatment. Results:A total of 15 235 stroke deaths were reported in Hexi District of Tianjin from 2007 to 2019,with an average annual mortality rate of 144.59/105. The rate was higher in males than in females (169.02/105 in males and 121.04/105 in females, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate showed an upward trend with the year (APC=1.51%, P<0.05). The standardized mortality rate showed a downward trend (APC=-1.39%, P<0.05). The crude mortality of ischemic stroke showed an upward trend with the year (APC=3.15%, P<0.01), and the trend change in standardized mortality rate had no statistical significance. The crude mortality and standardized mortality of hemorrhagic stroke showed a downward trend,with the mortality rate decreased at 2.43% per year and the standardized mortality rate decreased at the 4.50% per year (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Stroke is the main disease affecting the health of residents in Hexi District of Tianjin. Targeted measures should be taken to reduce the mortality of stroke. Stroke prevention and control should focus on winter and spring seasons, males, elderly people and patients with ischemic stroke.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 334-336, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875689

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the intervention effect of multiple nutritional health guidelines for school-aged children on the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of primary school students in Chengdu.@*Methods@#A primary school in Chengdu, which had a school canteen, was selected as the intervention school, and another similar primary school was selected as the control school. Students from the intervention school received nutritional education for six months, while the control school did not provide such intervention measures. A total of 589 students from grades 3 to 5 were selected to participate in the questionnaire survey(eligible 558, missing 31).@*Results@#Before the intervention, no significant difference was found in the rate of awareness regarding nutritional knowledge, including dietary attitudes and dietary behavior. After the intervention, the rate of awareness of nutritional knowledge and the overall awareness rate reached more than 80% in the intervention group, which was significantly higher than that observed in the control group(P<0.05). The intervention group consumed less than one type of breakfast food(26.6%), which was less than the control group(49.4%). The frequency of weekly egg and milk consumption was higher in the experimental group than in the control group. The proportion of students who consumed three or more types of vegetables daily was higher in the intervention group than in the control group. The proportion of leftovers was lower in the intervention group (15.8%) than in the control group(57.9%).@*Conclusion@#The comprehensive nutritional education based on a variety of nutritional health guidelines for school-age children can enhance students awareness of nutritional knowledge and healthier dietary behaviors.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874187

ABSTRACT

Background@#Tigecycline, eravacycline, and omadacycline are recently developed tetracyclines. Susceptibility of microbes to these tetracyclines and their molecular mechanisms have not been well elucidated. We investigated the susceptibility of Moraxella catarrhalis to tigecycline, eravacycline, and omadacycline and its resistance mechanisms against these tetracyclines. @*Methods@#A total of 207 non-duplicate M. catarrhalis isolates were collected from different inpatients. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the tetracyclines were determined by broth microdilution. Tigecycline-, eravacycline-, or omadacycline-resistant isolates were induced under In Vitro pressure. The tet genes and mutations in the 16S rRNA was detected by PCR and sequencing. @*Results@#Eravacycline had a lower MIC50 (0.06 mg/L) than tigecycline (0.125 mg/L) or omadacycline (0.125 mg/L) against M. catarrhalis isolates. We found that 136 isolates (65.7%) had the tetB gene, and 15 (7.2%) isolates were positive for tetL; however, their presence was not correlated with high tigecycline, eravacycline, or omadacycline ( ≥ 1 mg/L) MICs.Compared with the initial MIC after 160 days of induction, the MICs of tigecycline or eravacycline against three M. catarrhalis isolates increased ≥ eight-fold, while those of omadacycline against two M. catarrhalis isolates increased 64-fold. Mutations in the 16S rRNA genes (C1036T and/or G460A) were observed in omadacycline-induced resistant isolates, and increased RR (the genes encoding 16SrRNA (four copies, RR1-RR4) copy number of 16S rRNA genes with mutations was associated with increased resistance to omadacycline. @*Conclusions@#Tigecycline, eravacycline, and omadacycline exhibited robust antimicrobial effects against M. catarrhalis. Mutations in the 16S rRNA genes contributed to omadacycline resistance in M. catarrhalis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of low-frequency electroacupuncture combined with aerobic exercise on sarocopenia, and the effects of IGF-I /Akt and its downstream signaling pathway-related protein.@*METHODS@#Naturally aging SD rats were used as research objects. Thirty-two 6-month-old male SD rats weighing 400 to 450 g were bred to 12-month-old and randomly divided into 4 groups according to body weight:Control group(YC, only grasp, fix, put back, without other intervention), electroacupuncture group (YA, electroacupuncture intervention), exercise group (YE, exercise intervention) and electroacupuncture+exercise group (YEA, electroacupuncture combined with exercise intervention). SD rats were continuously intervened from 12 months to 18 months of age. At the end of the experiment, the conditions of naturally aging rats in each group were observed:skeletal muscle wet weight / weight ratio;HE staining morphology of soleus muscle under light microscope; qPCR was used to detect the expression level of IGF-I mRNA in skeletal muscle;the expression of AKT, mTOR, p70S6K and p-p70S6K proteins in rat gastrocnemius was determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#In 18-month-old rats, the intervention period was 6 months. (1) Compared with YC group, YA group and YEA group significantly increased the wet weight / body weight ratio of gastrocnemius muscle in 18 months old rats. YEA group could significantly increase the wet weight / body weight ratio of soleus muscle compared with YC group YC group and YA group (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture combined with aerobic exercise can attenuate sarocopenia in 18-month-old naturally aging rats. The molecular mechanism may be related to the promotion of protein synthesis by activating the IGF-I / Akt pathway.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Exercise , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/genetics , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of a novel self-help inflatable balloon to prevent esophageal stenosis after extensive endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD).Methods:Patients with early esophageal cancer or precancerous lesions, undergoing ESD in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019 were included in the prospective study, who had post-ESD mucosal defect greater than 5/6 of the esophageal circumference and 30-100 mm in length. The self-help inflatable balloon was used to prevent esophageal stenosis after ESD. Mucosal defect of ESD was divided into grade 1 (≥5/6 and less than the whole circumference) and grade 2 (the whole circumference). The incidence of stricture, the time from ESD to the occurrence of stricture, the total number of endoscopic balloon dilations (EBD) or radial incision and cuttings (RIC), and other adverse events were observed.Results:A total of 27 patients met the including criteria with follow-up time of 14-38 months, including 3 patients of grade 1 and 24 of grade 2. The ulcer longitudinal length was 73.7±18.4 mm. The time of wearing balloons was 92.0±20.0 days. The overall frequency of stricture was 18.5% (5/27), and the stricture incidence of patients of grade 2 resection was only 16.7% (4/27). The median time from balloon removal to stricture was 17 days. To treat the stricture, two patients received 3 EBD sessions, and three other patients received 2, 1 and 2 RIC sessions, respectively. No balloon was removed in advance, and none had a perforation or delayed bleeding.Conclusion:The self-help inflatable balloon shows high efficacy and safety in preventing esophageal stenosis in patients with mucosal defect greater than 5/6 of the esophageal circumference and less than 100 mm in length after extensive esophageal ESD.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of array comparative genomic hybridization(aCGH) in the unexpected detection of Duchenne muscular dystrophy ( DMD) gene duplication/deletion in prenatal diagnosis. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 cases with DMD gene duplication/deletion detected by aCGH among 5 025 prenatal diagnosis samples without family history of DMD in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from July 2018 to December 2019. The multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) method was used to verify the above results. The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guideline was referred for pathogenicity analysis of the detected duplicates/deletions. Descriptive analysis was adopted in analysis. Results:The total unexpected DMD gene duplication/deletion rate was 0.62% (31/5 025), among which 25 cases were with microduplication/microdeletion ≤ 200 kb and six were >200 kb; there were 24 cases of deletion, seven cases of duplication; exon or intron duplication/deletion were accounted for 19 and 12 cases, respectively. According to the five classification standards of ACMG guideline, there were 17 cases with pathogenic variants and 14 cases with uncertain pathogenicity/likely benign variants. Of the 19 with exon mutations, 17 cases were DMD intragenic variants, and two cases involved variants in and outside DMD gene, which were verified by MLPA whose results were all positive. Conclusions:The duplication/deletion of exon region of DMD gene detected by aCGH technique is accurate and reliable, which plays an important role in the diagnosis of DMD. For these cases involved both internal and external regions of DMD gene, aCGH can identify the upstream and downstream breaking points of DMD gene, thus providing the basis for ACMG grading.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 647-654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the prognostic values of clinical and laboratory features at the time of presentation on renal survival of patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody(ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis (MPO-ANCA-GN).Methods:A total of 172 patients with MPO-ANCA-GN and hospitalized at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2005 to December 2018 were enrolled. The baseline clinical characteristics and renal biopsy pathological data were analyzed, and the renal prognosis was followed up. The clinical and pathological characteristics of different renal prognosis in all patients and 112 patients who underwent renal biopsy were analyzed, and the related factors affecting renal survival were further discussed.Results:Among these 172 patients, 81 were males and 91 were females. The median serum creatinine at diagnosis was 343.7(174.2, 606.6) μmol/L and the median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 15.81(7.61, 38.04) ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1. In total, 76 patients (44.2%) received initial renal replacement therapy (RRT). During a median follow-up duration of 20(3, 60) months, 73 patients (42.4%) progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and required dialysis, including 6 (8.2%) patients who entered RRT during follow-up and 67 (91.8%) patients who received RRT at the beginning. Among the 112 patients who underwent renal biopsy, the proportion of patients who progressed to ESRD in the sclerotic group was the highest (15/25, 60.0%). The baseline serum creatinine level ( P<0.001), urine red blood cell count ( P=0.012) and the proportion of glomerular sclerosis ( P=0.002) in the non-dialysis dependent group were significantly lower than those in the dialysis dependent group, while the levels of eGFR ( P<0.001), serum albumin ( P=0.002) and hemoglobin ( P<0.001) were higher than those of the dialysis-dependent group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the renal survival rate of the focal group was the highest ( χ2=19.488, P<0.001, log-rank test), while the renal survival rate of the sclerotic group was significantly lower than that of the crescentic group ( χ2=5.655, P=0.017); higher levels of serum creatinine (>320 μmol/L, χ2=77.229, P<0.001) and urine red blood cell count (>300 cells/μl, χ2=8.511, P=0.004), lower levels of rheumatoid factor (<20 IU/ml, χ2=8.610, P=0.003), serum albumin (<30 g/L, χ2=11.060, P=0.001) and hemoglobin (<90 g/L, χ2=21.921, P<0.001) were associated with lower renal survival rate; in terms of treatment, the renal survival rate of the glucocorticoids plus mycophenolate mofetil group was significantly higher than that of the glucocorticoids plus cyclophosphamide ( χ2=5.056, P=0.025) or the glucocorticoids alone group ( χ2=16.459, P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression showed that baseline serum creatinine >320 μmol/L ( HR=8.803, 95% CI 3.087-25.106, P<0.001) and serum albumin <30 g/L ( HR=2.566, 95% CI 1.246-5.281, P=0.011) were the related factors affecting renal survival. Conclusion:Serum creatinine and albumin levels of MPO-ANCA-GN patients at diagnosis may be the related factors that affect the patient's renal prognosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911631

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term prognosis and recurrence of young liver transplant recipients with hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).Methods:Based upon the database of liver transplantation center, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 39 young recipients(18~40 years)and 158 middle-aged and elderly recipients(over 40 years)from 2013 to 2017. The parameters of overall survival(OS), recurrence-free survival(RFS)and disease-specific survival(DSS)were compared between two groups.Cox's proportional hazard model was utilized for evaluating the prognostic factors.Results:Significant inter-group difference existed in recurrence rate of HCC. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed no significant difference in OS rate(1/3-year OS, 82.1%, 66.7% and 86.1%, 74.7%, P>0.05)and DSS rate(1/3-year DSS, 94.9%, 82.1% and 99.4%, 91.1%, P=0.053); RFS rate(1/3-year RFS, 51.3%, 41.0% and 73.0%, 62.7%, P=0.008)showed significant differences; Cox multivariate analysis revealed that AFP>400 μg/L was an independent risk factor for OS, DSS and RFS; poorly differentiated tumors and positive micro-vascular invasion(MVI)were independent risk factor for DSS; poorly differentiated tumors and total tumor size >5 cm were independent risk factors for RFS. Conclusions:Although RFS of young adult group is worse than that in middle-aged and elderly group after LT, no significant inter-group difference exists in OS or DSS. And LT is still a quite effective treatment for young HCC patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 30-34, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911170

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical characteristics of metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer and explore the strategy of combination of new endocrine drugs.In April 2019, an 69-year-old man was admitted to the First People’s hospital of Changzhou with "gross hematuria" . Physical examination showed prostatic hyperplasia with an unsmooth hard surface. CT showed a mass in bladder and possible metastasis in right lung. Diagnostic TUR-Bt pathology showed prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma, and PET-CT showed malignant lesion of prostate with bladder invasion, multiple pelvic lymph node metastasis and lung metastasis. The diagnosis of mHSPC with lymphatic and lung metastasis was considered. The patient was treated with bicalutamide and then switched to goserelin plus acetate abiraterone with prednisone. Total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) decreased to 0.705 ng/ml after 1 month of ADT+ AAP treatment, and decreased to 0.007 ng/ml after 4 months, and then maintained at 0.003 ng/ml until January 2021. Serum testosterone decreased to 0ng/dl and maintained the whole follow-up period. After 3 months of treatment, the pulmonary metastasis was not obvious. Till the last follow-up at January 2021, the patient reported good quality of life with no serious adverse events. The efficacy of ADT combined with acetate abiraterone in the treatment of mHSPC with lung cancer was significant.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910852

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of the application of hierarchical and special quality control in the quality control management of an ultrasound department.Methods:The hierarchical and special quality control method was used to control ultrasonic reports that were related to four quality control areas: basic quality control, deep quality control, obstetrical quality control, and critical value quality control. Changes in the qualified reporting and comprehensive clinical satisfaction rates before and after the implementation of hierarchical and special quality control were examined.Results:After the implementation of hierarchical and special quality control, the qualified rates of basic quality control, deep quality control, obstetrical quality control, and critical value quality control increased significantly. The comprehensive clinical satisfaction score was (90.58±1.79) points, which was higher than before the model was applied [(80.37±2.72) points], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The implementation of hierarchical and special quality control measure can effectively improve the quality of ultrasonic diagnoses and comprehensive clinical satisfaction.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1287-1293, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the lesion characteristics and predictors of invasive coronary angiography (ICA)-verified obstructive lesions with fractional flow reserve (FFR)>0.80, that is, anatomy-function mismatch.Methods:A total of 515 obstructive vessels in 419 coronary disease patients from 11 Chinese medical centers undergoing coronary CT angiography and ICA and FFR were retrospectively analyzed. All vessels had one target lesion with diameter stenosis ≥50 % by ICA. There were 229 vessels in the match group (FFR≤0.80) and 286 vessels in the mismatch group (FFR>0.80). The lesion characteristics including lesion territory, the distance of the coronary artery ostium to the proximal end of the lesion, minimum lumen area, reference lumen area, plaque length and burden, plaque volume and component volume, remodeling index and plaque morphological complexity were measured and compared between the two groups. Optimal thresholds of quantitative plaque characteristics were defined by Yoden index. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the predictors of anatomy-function mismatch. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to analyze the ability of different lesion features to predict mismatched lesions.Results:The coronary stenosis, plaque burden and length, plaque volume (including each component volume) in the mismatch group were smaller than those in the match group, and FFR, minimum lumen area were larger (all P<0.05). Left anterior descending artery (LAD) lesion and severe complex plaque were more common in the match group than the mismatch group with a statistically significant difference. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that LAD lesion, minimum lumen area>4 mm 2, plaque burden and length, plaque calcification volume<27 mm 3, plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3, plaque fiber volume<150 mm 3 and plaque morphological complexity were predictiors of anatomic function mismatched lesions; Multivariate logistic regression showed that the minimum lumen area>4 mm 2 (OR=3.371, 95%CI 1.903-5.973, P<0.001), plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3 (OR=3.014, 95%CI 1.691-5.373, P<0.001), plaque morphological complexity (mild OR=17.772, 95%CI 8.072-39.128, P<0.001, moderate OR=6.383, 95%CI 3.739-10.896, P<0.001) were independent predictors of mismatched lesions. The AUC of the model based on the minimum lumen area, plaque lipid volume and morphological complexity was 0.824, which was superior to either of the plaque feature alone ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The minimum lumen area, lipid volume and plaque morphological complexity are independent predictors of the anatomical-functional mismatch lesions, and the combination can significantly improve the prediction value.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 37-43, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect in lumbar mobility and stress of the facet joint and end plate after implantation of the movable artificial lumbar spine so as to lay a biomechanical foundation for its clinical application.Methods:Total lumbar CT data of a healthy adult male were selected to construct a finite element analysis model and its effectiveness was validated (physiological group). Two groups were replicated after removing the L 3 vertebral body and adjacent discs of the model in physiological group. One group was placed with each component of the movable artificial lumbar spine to construct the non-fusion model (non-fusion group). The other group was placed with titanium cage, titanium plate and other to construct the fusion model (fusion group). The models in the three groups were loaded with 500 N axial load and 10 Nm axial load, and the torque load was used to simulate the movement in six directions: forward flexion, backward extension, left and right lateral bending, and left and right torsion. The lumbar mobility and stress peak and distribution of the proximal facet joints (J 1-2, J 4-5), L 2 inferior endplate and L4 superior endplate at the three model operating sites (L 2-3, L 3-4) and adjacent segments (L 1-2, L 4-5) under the same conditions were compared. Results:The range of motions of the surgical site in flexion, extension, left bending, right bending, left torsion and right torsion were L 2-3of 3.9°-8.7° and L 3-4 of 3.6°-8.4° in non-fusion group, significantly increased compared with fusion group (L 2-3 0.1°-0.2°, L 3-4 0.1°-0.1°) and slightly increased compared with physiological group (L 2-3 2.3°-6.0°, L 3-4 2.3°-7.1°). The range of motions of the adjacent segments in the above six directions were L 1-2 of 1.4°-4.3° and L 4-5 of 1.4°-6.0° in non-fusion group, smaller than those in fusion group (L 1-2 2.1°-6.1°, L 4-5 3.3°-8.6°) and similar to those in physiological group (L 2-3 2.3°-6.0°, L 3-4 2.3°-7.1°). The peak values of von Mises stress in the proximal facet joints were J 1-2 of 7.07-19.21 MPa and J 4-5of 6.12-12.99 MPa in non-fusion group, similar to those in physiological group (J 1-2 8.42-18.53 MPa, J 4-5 7.49-11.70 MPa) and smaller than those in fusion group (J 1-2 10.54-21.16 MPa, J 4-5 10.63-16.13 MPa). The maximum von Mises stress of the L 2 inferior endplate and L 4 superior endplate in the above six directions was 29.39-54.72 MPa and 32.31-47.87 MPa in non-fusion group, significantly increased compared with the L 2 inferior endplate (21.20-42.07 MPa), L 4 superior endplate (22.50-36.76 MPa) and L 2 inferior endplate (11.04-29.55 MPa) in fusion group and the L 4 superior endplate (13.12-21.32 MPa) in physiological group. Conclusion:Compared with the traditional fusion prostheses, the placement of the movable artificial lumbar spine can reconstruct the range of motion of the surgical site in the direction of flexion, extension, lateral bending and torsion, greatly reduce the impact on the stress of adjacent facet joints and the range of motion of adjacent segments, and theoretically reduce the incidence of prosthesis subsidence.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 992-995,1000, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909654

ABSTRACT

Objective:The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression and role of N-myc downstream regulatory gene 2 (NDRG2) in radiation resistance of bladder cancer cells.Methods:T24 cells were cultured in vitro and irradiated with different doses of X-ray (0, 2, 4, 8, 10 and 20 Gy). The best dose of X-ray was selected for subsequent treatment. The radioresistant BCa cell line T24/R was established. The cytotoxicity of T24/R cells was detected by counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method. The proliferation and invasion ability of T24/R cells and T24 cells were detected by flow cytometry and transwell, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expression of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) related proteins. The survival rate of T24/R group (control group) and T24/R-NDRG 2 group was detected, and the migration ability of T24/R-NDRG 2 cells was detected after 2 Gy treatment. Results:The cell viability was inhibited significantly when the dose of X-ray was ≥2 Gy X-ray, so 2 Gy X-ray irradiation was chosen as the best condition for BCa cytotoxicity and T24/R radiation resistance cell line was successfully established; Apoptosis test showed that the number of S-phase cells was increased in T24/R group, and the proportion of S-phase cells in T24/R vs T24 was (26.49±4.5)% vs (14±2.6)% ( P<0.05); Transwell test showed that T24/R cells showed stronger migration ability than control group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in EMT related protein expression between the two groups ( P>0.05). Overexpression of NDRG2 can significantly decreased the activity and migration ability of radiation-resistant T24/R cells ( P<0.05) when the radiation dose was gradually increasing in both groups. Conclusions:The radiation resistance of BCa cells is one of the causes of local tumor recurrence. Up-regulation of NDRG2 expression can inhibit the radiation resistance of T24 cells, so it can be used as a candidate for treatment of radiation-resistant BCa patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906505

ABSTRACT

Stroke is a destructive cerebrovascular event caused by the interruption of cerebral blood flow caused by the blockage or rupture of cerebral vessels, which is easy to cause physical disability and multiple functional injuries. The mortality rate of stroke patients in China occupies the first place in the world. How to effectively treat stroke is one of the urgent health problems to be solved. In the clinic, academician WANG Yong-yan observed that 60% of stroke patients with heat-phlegm and sthenic-Fu syndrome. Most of the patients with heat-phlegm and sthenic-Fu syndrome are characterized by stagnation of stool, bad breath and dry pharynx, and so on, After clinical practice, Xinglou Chengqi decoction (XLCQD) was established to treat stroke patients with heat-phlegm and sthenic-Fu syndrome. XLCQD is one of the representative prescriptions for removing phlegm to relax bowels, which is composed of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Natrii Sulfas, Trichosanthis Fructus and Arisaema Cum Bile by the ratio of 5∶5∶15∶3. At present, the research on XLCQD is mainly focused on clinical observation and pharmacological mechanism, while the basic research of its pharmacodynamic substance is relatively weak. This paper intends to sort out the chemical composition and pharmacological mechanism of XLCQD, in order to provide the basis for the chemical component identification, drug target prediction and material basis screening of this compound in the later stage. In addition, through the case analysis of XLCQD and modified XLCQD in the treatment of stroke, its rules of clinical application were summarized, in order to provide reference for the clinical application of this compound.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe short-term and long-term effect of modified Shenfuwan on lumbar disc herniation due to kidney deficiency and cold coagulation. Method:100 cases were randomly divided into the control group and observation group,50 cases each. The control group were taken meloxicam tablets,7.5 mg each time,once a day and the observation group were given modified Shenfuwan,300 mL each time,twice a day. The treatment course was 3 months. The short form McGill pain questionnaire(SF-MPQ),oswestry disability index(ODI),and lumbar intervertebral disc herniation due to kidney deficiency and cold coagulation by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM ) syndrome were observed before and after treatment. Whole blood viscosity (high,medium,low),serum inflammatory factors [tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-<italic>α</italic>),interleukin-1<italic>β</italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>),interleukin-6(IL-6),pain mediators[endothelin-1(ET-1),prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub>(PGE<sub>2</sub>),cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2)] were detected. The clinical efficacyand,recurrence rate followed up for 12 and 24 months was was observed. The type and time of adverse reactions were recorded during the study. Result:After treatment,the total effective rate in the observation group was 98.0%(49/50) higher than that 82.0%(41/50) in the control group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). After 12 months of follow-up,the recurrence rate in the observation group was 23.9%(11/46) lower than that 52.5%(21/40) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.193,<italic>P</italic><0.05). After 24 months of follow-up,the recurrence rate in the observation group was 43.9%(18/41) lower than that that 80.6%(29/36) in the control group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the control group after treatment,SF-MPQ,ODI,TCM symptoms,whole blood viscosity,TNF-<italic>α</italic>,IL-1<italic>β</italic>,IL-6,ET-1,PGE<sub>2</sub> and COX-2 were significantly reduced in the observation group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was 2.0%(1/50) lower than that 52.0%(26/50) in the control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=6.264,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Shenfuwan can significantly improve the short-term and long-term clinical efficacy of patients with lumbar disc herniation due to kidney deficiency and cold coagulation syndrome,and the incidence of adverse reactions is low.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906413

ABSTRACT

The brain and heart has a tight relationship upon physiology and pathology during the development of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases with clinical conditions interacting with each other and complex pathological mechanisms. Clinical studies prove that cerebral diseases such as stroke usually happen with cardiac diseases as complications, and cardiac diseases such as atrial fibrillation can also cause cerebral diseases, which can even aggravate brain atrophy and lead to cognitive impairment. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) also believes that “the substance of Shenming is located in the brain and the function in the heart.” Specifically, Yuanshen is in the brain and Shishen is in the heart, which thus makes the heart and brain closely related. If Shenming in any of them is impaired, the other one would also be injured. Therefore, the pathological mechanisms of brain-heart mutual damage have become one of the current research hotspots. This paper, combined with the clinical research status of the brain-heart mutual damage, summarized its pathological mechanisms from the perspectives of inflammatory responses, dysregulation of autonomic nervous system, apoptosis, energy metabolism and oxidative stress. The necessity of “brain-heart concurrent regulation” was proposed and the research progress on the treatment of cerebral and cardiac diseases with TCM represented by Naoxintong capsule was profiled in the light of heart and brain function described by TCM and the holistic concept of TCM treating cerebral and cardiac diseases. This paper reviews the pathological mechanisms of brain-heart mutual damage and the research progress on its treatment with TCM, which can provide reference for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and further research on them.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)of function genes and effective components of <italic>Salvia miltiorrhiza</italic> and the molecular mechanism of specific quality formation of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic>. Method:The fingerprints of components in <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from eight different habitats and varieties were obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The full-length cDNA of three functional genes<italic> </italic>acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase(<italic>SmAACT</italic>),4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methyl-<italic>D</italic>-erythritol kinase(<italic>SmCMK</italic>) and isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase(<italic>SmIPPI</italic>) in tanshinone metabolic pathway were amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR),cloned, and sequenced,followed by bioinformatics analysis. Result:The full-length cDNA sequences of three functional genes <italic>SmAACT</italic>,<italic>SmCMK</italic>, and <italic>SmIPPI</italic> in tanshinone metabolic pathway were obtained from 23 strains of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from eight different habitats and varieties. As revealed by the analysis of SNP and amino acid polymorphisms of three functional genes,18,16, and 14 SNP sites were found respectively. HPLC results showed the samples from Beijing,Hubei,Shandong (No. SDB),Shanxi,Henan, and Shandong (No. SDZ) were clustered into one branch,and those from Hebei and Inner Mongolia were clustered into another branch, which suggested that the variation trend of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> components had little correlation with geographical distance,but the variety was a critical factor for the quality. Conclusion:There was an obvious genetic differentiation trend in <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from different habitats,and different origin-specific genotypes were formed. The molecular mechanism of the formation of the specific quality of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic> from different habitats was discussed,which laid a foundation for the stability and effectiveness of clinical medication,and guided the breeding of excellent varieties of <italic>S. miltiorrhiza</italic>.

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