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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995858

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to explore the satisfaction and influencing factors of scientific research incentive mechanisms for young medical staff in a children′s hospital in Beijing, and to provide references for the management department to develop relevant incentive strategies.Methods:A satisfaction questionnaire survey of scientific research incentive mechanisms was carried out during April and May, 2022. Collected data were analyzed by rank sum test and ordered logistic regression.Results:The level of overall satisfaction of 339 young medical staffs was 81.42%. The satisfaction rate of incentive factors was 80.50% and hygiene factors was 77.51%.According to the findings, there were significant differences in educational backgrounds, professional titles and job types, hygiene factors, and incentive factors ( P<0.05). The contributing factors of the job satisfaction were professional title, hygiene factors and incentive factors. Conclusions:The overall satisfaction with the incentive work of the young research staff surveyed was relatively at high-level. It is necessary to improve tailed hygiene factors to meet the characteristics young medical staff, such as setting up full-time scientific research working hours, exploring the establishment of diversified of scientific research sharing mechanisms to increase the utilization of the scientific research platform. It is important to enhance incentive factors to establish a long-term incentive mechanism for young personnel, such as setting up interdisciplinary research projects, exploring the establishment of a recommendation mechanism for outstanding young talents, in order to provide them with more opportunities for further intensive training.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995856

ABSTRACT

Objective:The study takes the Youth Research Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) as an example, analyzes the development and management optimization strategy of such research project in a children′s hospital, to provide reference for the training of pediatric young talents.Methods:Personnel interview and questionnaire survey were adopted to analyze the common characteristics of project application and approval, trend of change, demand and bottleneck challenges of the NSFC Youth Research Project from 2016 to 2022.Results:The total number of approved project were increasing while the rate of the bids fluctuated, and the distribution of department, gender and age are not balanced, full-time scientific research personnel, male, young age and other factors have the advantages of being approved. Five influential factors, including scientific research accomplishment, supporting conditions, research foundation, methods & skills, and scientific research atmosphere and environment, were identified as necessary components of getting funded. The survey also founded that two thirds of the needs run through the whole application process that from the topic selection, nurtured seed-funding, team-building and proposal development.Conclusions:This study puts forward a management plan for youth scientific research projects in children′s hospital from three aspects that including hospital, department and individual. The management department should strengthen the transformation from " full application" to " effective application" , at the same time, more attention should be paid to the selection, training and resource allocation to further optimize the training strategy of youth talents.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of G-rich RNA sequence binding factor 1 (GRSF1) in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice and the relationship with ferroptosis.Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade male C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), cerebral I/R group (IR group), cerebral I/R+ GRSF1 overexpression group (IR+ LV-GRSF1 group), and cerebral I/R+ GRSF1 overexpression+ glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) inhibitor group (IR+ LV-GRSF1+ RSL3 group). The model of middle cerebral artery occlusion was developed by thread-occlusion method in anesthetized animals. In IR+ LV-GRSF1 group, GRSF1-overexpressed lentivirus 2 μl was injected into the lateral ventricle at 7 days before the development of the model. GPX4 inhibitor RSL3 5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected for 2 consecutive days before the development of the model in IR+ LV-GRSF1+ RSL3 group. After 24 h of reperfusion, the percentage of cerebral infarction volume was determined by TTC assay, the survival neurons in ischemic area were detected by Nissl staining, and brain tissues in ischemic area were obtained for determination of the expression of p16, p21(markers of senescence) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α, senescence-associated secretory phenotype) mRNA (by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction), contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione (GSH) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and expression of GRSF1, GPX4, Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) and ferritin (by Western blot). Results:Compared with Sham group, the percentage of cerebral infarction volume was significantly increased, the count of viable neurons was decreased, the expression of p16, p21 and TNF-α mRNA in ischemic brain tissues was up-regulated, SOD and GSH contents were decreased, the MDA content was increased, the expression of GRSF1 and GPX4 was down-regulated, and the expression of ACSL4 and ferritin was up-regulated in IR group ( P<0.05). Compared with IR group, the percentage of cerebral infarction volume was significantly decreased, the count of viable neurons was increased, the expression of p16, p21 and TNF-α mRNA in ischemic brain tissues was down-regulated, SOD and GSH contents were increased, the MDA content was decreased, the expression of GRSF1 and GPX4 was up-regulated, and the expression of ACSL4 and ferritin was down-regulated in IR+ LV-GRSF1 group ( P<0.05). Compared with IR+ LV-GRSF1 group, the percentage of cerebral infarction volume was significantly increased, the count of viable neurons was decreased, the expression of p16, p21 and TNF-α mRNA in ischemic brain tissues was up-regulated, SOD and GSH contents were decreased, the MDA content was increased, the expression of GRSF1 and GPX4 was down-regulated, and the expression of ACSL4 and ferritin was up-regulated in IR+ LV-GRSF1+ RSL3 group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:GRSF1 is involved in the endogenous protective mechanism against cerebral I/R injury by up-regulating GPX4 expression, attenuating oxidative stress, and thus inhibiting ferroptosis in mice.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989336

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease leading to periodontal connective tissue destruction and alveolar bone resorption, which is widely prevalent and seriously endangers the oral and systemic health of a wide range of patients. The host immune inflammatory response plays a major role in the tissue destruction of periodontitis. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs), as one of the important immune cell components in periodontal tissues, can trigger the host immune inflammatory response through the release of pro-inflammatory factors, which in turn leads to periodontitis. DNA methylation can influence the function of immune cells by regulating gene expression. Bioinformatics technology can provide new ideas for the treatment of periodontitis by analyzing the gene expression profiles and DNA methylation data of periodontal tissues from public databases of periodontitis patients and healthy populations, uncovering key DNA methylation genes of PMNs, and elucidating the influence of these genes on the pathological progression of periodontitis.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1139-1143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976484

ABSTRACT

Microphthalmos-anophthalmos-coloboma(MAC)is structurally and clinically correlated congenital ocular malformation. Although MAC is relatively rare, they still become an important cause of blindness in children. At present, the etiology of MAC is not clear; a variety of genetic or environmental factors may cause MAC. Because of its special anatomical structure, MAC has complex clinical manifestations and multiple complications. The complications including cataract, angle-closure glaucoma, uveal effusion, retinal detachment, orbital cyst, which are often accompanied with increased risks for surgery and poor prognosis. By summarizing the clinical features, the common types of ocular complications, and the progress of the treatment, this article will enhance clinicians' cognition of MAC and guide clinicians to formulate personalized and safe treatment plans for patients.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1126-1129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976481

ABSTRACT

Keratopathy-associated cataract, that is, on the basis of corneal disease, and later the development of lens opacity, seriously damage visual quality. In order to avoid corneal transplantation for some patients, partial visual quality can be restored. A comprehensive and accurate evaluation of the effect of corneal opacity on visual function is of great improtance for determining cataract surgery alone. Due to the opacity of the cornea, the operation is very difficult and challenging. Therefore, it is of clinical value to develop and use new assistive technologies, including capsule staining, endoillumination, pupil dialation technology, femtosecond laser assisted technology, etc., avoiding problems such as limited visibility and decreased light flow caused by corneal opacity and facilitating cataract surgery. This article reviews progress of assistive technologies for keratopathy-associated cataract, hoping to guide clinical application.

7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 53-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971149

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of fractional carbon dioxide laser combined with minimally invasive scar release in the treatment of post-acne atrophic scars. Methods: A retrospectively observational study was conducted. From January to June 2021, 60 patients with grade 3 and 4 post-acne atrophic scars who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. According to the adopted treatment methods, 30 patients treated with fractional carbon dioxide laser combined with minimally invasive scar release were included in combined treatment group (19 males and 11 females, aged (26±4) years), and 30 patients treated with fractional carbon dioxide laser alone were included in laser alone group (18 males and 12 females, aged (25±6) years). All the patients received the treatment once every two months, totally 3 times. Before the first treatment and 2 months after the last treatment, the scars were assessed by échelle d'évaluation clinique des cicatrices d'acné (ECCA). In 2 months after the last treatment, the curative effect was evaluated and the total effective rate was calculated according to the ECCA score. The adverse reactions of patients during the treatment were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: Before the first treatment, the ECCA scores of patients in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). In 2 months after the last treatment, the ECCA scores of patients in combined treatment group were significantly lower than those of laser alone group (Z=-2.89, P<0.05). The ECCA scores of patients in combined treatment group and laser alone group in 2 months after the last treatment were both significantly lower than those before the first treatment (with Z values of -4.81 and -4.79, respectively, P<0.05). In 2 months after the last treatment, the treatment in laser alone group cured the scars in 2 patients, and were markedly effective in 13 patients, effective in 7 patients, and ineffective in 8 patients; the treatment in combined treatment group cured the scars in 4 patients, and were markedly effective in 22 patients, effective in 3 patients, and ineffective in one patients. The total effective rate of scar treatment in combined treatment group (96.67%, 29/30) was significantly higher than 73.33% (22/30) in laser alone group (P<0.05). During treatment, in combined treatment group, 3 patients had pain, one patient had redness and swelling, and one patient had pigmentation. In laser alone group, one patient had pain, and 2 patients had pigmentation. No infection occurred in the wounds of all the patients in the two groups. Conclusions: Compared with fractional carbon dioxide laser alone, fractional carbon dioxide laser combined with minimally invasive scar release for post-acne atrophic scars can result in a higher total effective rate, with simple operation and good effect, so it is worthy of clinical application.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Cicatrix/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lasers, Gas/therapeutic use , Acne Vulgaris , Atrophy , Pain , Carbon Dioxide
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of wrist-ankle acupuncture (WAA) in pain and functional recovery after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#From June to September 2020, 94 participants were included from the Second Hospital of Tangshan and randomly assigned to the WAA group (47 cases) and the sham WAA group (47 cases) by a random number table, receiving real or sham WAA treatment, respectively. The primary outcome measure involved the visual analogue scale (VAS) scores at rest and in motion. The secondary outcomes involved the range of motion (ROM) of the knee joints, straight-leg raising time, postoperative weight-bearing time, sufentanil consumption within 48 h of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores on the 3rd, 5th, and 7th postoperative days at rest and in motion was significantly lower in the WAA group than that of the sham WAA group (P<0.01). The ROM on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd PODs was significantly higher in the WAA group than that of the sham WAA group (P<0.01). In comparison to the sham WAA group, the sufentanil consumption within 48 h of PCA pump was significantly less in the WAA group (156.3 ± 12.2 µg vs. 128.8 ± 9.8 µg, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in active straight-leg raising time, postoperative weight-bearing time, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#WAA could alleviate post-TKA pain, improve knee joint function, and reduce the sufentanil consumption within 48 h of PCA pump. WAA is a safe and effective treatment in the perioperative analgesic management for TKA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Ankle , Wrist , Sufentanil , Pain, Postoperative/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy/adverse effects , Analgesia , Knee Joint
9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0546, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423416

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Lower limb injuries are one of the main sports occurrences among athletes. Severe lower limb injuries will lead to the definitive end of the athlete's professional career. Objective Explore the mechanisms of prevention and intervention against lower limb injuries in physical training and the rehabilitation management strategies for lower limb injuries. Methods In this study, 20 athletes were selected. Comparing the results of the lower limb FMS test and balance y test before and after rehabilitation training management, the effect of rehabilitation management on recovery from lower limb injuries in physical training was discussed. Results Lower limb injury is a common type of sports injury in physical training; however, better recovery utilization can be achieved through successful rehabilitation training. Rehabilitation training management can effectively improve the FMS test score of athletes' lower limbs and the number of people who passed the Y balance test. However, the existing rehabilitation training program still has some limitations, which need to be corrected according to the individual conditions of athletes. Conclusion Through physical training and medical rehabilitation, athletes with lower limb injuries can recover their lower limb sports ability and prolong their sporting life. Therefore, it should be disseminated. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução A lesão nos membros inferiores é uma das principais ocorrências esportivas entre os atletas. Lesões graves nos membros inferiores levarão ao encerramento definitivo da carreira profissional do atleta. Objetivo Explorar os mecanismos de prevenção e intervenção contra lesões dos membros inferiores no treinamento físico e as estratégias de gerenciamento de reabilitação para lesões dos membros inferiores. Métodos Neste trabalho, 20 atletas foram selecionados. Por meio da comparação dos resultados do teste FMS de membros inferiores e do teste de equilíbrio y antes e depois do gerenciamento do treinamento de reabilitação, foi discutido o efeito do gerenciamento de reabilitação na recuperação de lesões dos membros inferiores no treinamento físico. Resultados A lesão dos membros inferiores é um tipo corriqueiro de lesão esportiva no treinamento físico, porém um melhor aproveitamento da recuperação pode ser alcançado através de um treinamento de reabilitação bem-sucedido. O gerenciamento do treinamento de reabilitação pode efetivamente melhorar a pontuação do teste FMS dos membros inferiores dos atletas e o número de pessoas que passaram no teste de equilíbrio Y. Entretanto, o programa de treinamento de reabilitação existente ainda apresenta algumas limitações, que precisam ser corrigidas de acordo com as condições individuais dos atletas. Conclusão Através da combinação de treinamento físico e reabilitação médica, os atletas com lesão nos membros inferiores podem recuperar sua capacidade esportiva nos membros inferiores e prolongar uma vida esportiva. Portanto, convém difundi-lo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Las lesiones en los miembros inferiores son uno de los principales sucesos deportivos entre los atletas. Las lesiones graves en los miembros inferiores conducirán al final definitivo de la carrera profesional del atleta. Objetivo Explorar los mecanismos de prevención e intervención contra las lesiones de los miembros inferiores en el entrenamiento físico, y las estrategias de gestión de la rehabilitación de las lesiones de los miembros inferiores. Métodos En este estudio se seleccionaron 20 atletas. Mediante la comparación de los resultados de la prueba de FMS de las extremidades inferiores y la prueba de equilibrio y antes y después de la gestión del entrenamiento de rehabilitación, se analizó el efecto de la gestión de la rehabilitación en la recuperación de las lesiones de las extremidades inferiores en el entrenamiento físico. Resultados Las lesiones en las extremidades inferiores son un tipo de lesión deportiva común en el entrenamiento físico, sin embargo, se puede lograr una mejor utilización de la recuperación mediante un entrenamiento de rehabilitación exitoso. La gestión del entrenamiento de rehabilitación puede mejorar eficazmente las puntuaciones de los atletas en las pruebas de FMS de las extremidades inferiores y el número de personas que superan la prueba de equilibrio Y. Sin embargo, el programa de entrenamiento de rehabilitación existente sigue teniendo algunas limitaciones, que deben corregirse en función de las condiciones individuales de los deportistas. Conclusión Mediante la combinación de entrenamiento físico y rehabilitación médica, los atletas con lesiones en las extremidades inferiores pueden recuperar su capacidad deportiva y prolongar su vida deportiva. Por lo tanto, debe difundirse. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

10.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0550, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423604

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction High-intensity training is an important point in table tennis training. Due to the high muscle load, occasional injuries may occur during the practice of this activity, requiring the intervention of dedicated physical rehabilitation. Objective Explore the rehabilitation process of muscle injuries caused by high-intensity training in table tennis athletes. Methods Thirty-one student table tennis athletes with indications for rehabilitation due to muscle injuries caused by high-intensity training were volunteers for this research. Data pertinent to the research were collected before and after the intervention. Muscle strength, tank test, lifting test, flexor and extensor group peak torque at 60°/s speed, and flexor and extensor group peak torque at 60°/s speed were analyzed, and data were stored and analyzed in statistical software. The results were analyzed and checked against the updated scientific literature. Results The research shows that a good recovery method can relieve muscle pain and reduce psychological problems caused by pain and speed up joint motion gain. Conclusion The protocol analyzed in this paper can improve the athletes' sporting level both from the physiological and psychological point of view, besides promoting faster recovery and being suitable for daily practical application. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução O treino de alta intensidade é um ponto importante no treinamento do tênis de mesa. Devido à alta carga muscular, podem ocorrer lesões ocasionais durante a prática dessa atividade, exigindo a intervenção de uma reabilitação física dedicada. Objetivo Explorar o processo de reabilitação nas lesões musculares provocadas pelo treinamento de alta intensidade em atletas do tênis de mesa. Métodos Foram voluntários dessa pesquisa 31 estudantes atletas do tênis de mesa com indicação para reabilitação devido a lesões musculares ocasionadas pelo treinamento de alta intensidade. Os dados pertinentes a pesquisa foram coletados antes e após a intervenção. Foi analisada a força muscular, teste de tanque, teste de levantamento, o torque de pico do grupo flexor e extensor à velocidade de 60°/s e o torque de pico do grupo flexor e extensor à velocidade de 60°/s, os dados foram armazenados e analisados em software estatístico. Os resultados foram analisados e confrontados à bibliografia científica atualizada. Resultados A pesquisa mostra que um bom método de recuperação pode não só aliviar a dor muscular e reduzir os problemas psicológicos causados pela dor, como também pode agilizar o ganho de movimento articular. Conclusão O protocolo analisado neste trabalho pode melhorar o nível esportivo dos atletas tanto do ponto de vista fisiológico quanto psicológico além de promover uma recuperação mais rápida, sendo apta na aplicação prática cotidiana. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El entrenamiento de alta intensidad es un punto importante en el entrenamiento del tenis de mesa. Debido a la elevada carga muscular, pueden producirse lesiones ocasionales durante la práctica de esta actividad, que requieren la intervención de un rehabilitador físico especializado. Objetivo Explorar el proceso de rehabilitación en las lesiones musculares causadas por el entrenamiento de alta intensidad en atletas de tenis de mesa. Métodos 31 estudiantes atletas de tenis de mesa con indicación de rehabilitación debido a lesiones musculares causadas por el entrenamiento de alta intensidad fueron voluntarios de esta investigación. Los datos pertinentes para la investigación se recogieron antes y después de la intervención. Se analizó la fuerza muscular, la prueba del tanque, la prueba de elevación, el par máximo del grupo de flexores y extensores a una velocidad de 60°/s y el par máximo del grupo de flexores y extensores a una velocidad de 60°/s, los datos se almacenaron y analizaron en un software estadístico. Los resultados fueron analizados y contrastados con la literatura científica actualizada. Resultados La investigación demuestra que un buen método de recuperación no sólo puede aliviar el dolor muscular y reducir los problemas psicológicos causados por el dolor, sino que también puede acelerar la ganancia de movimiento de las articulaciones. Conclusión El protocolo analizado en este trabajo puede mejorar el nivel deportivo de los atletas tanto desde el punto de vista fisiológico como psicológico, además de promover una recuperación más rápida, siendo apto para su aplicación práctica diaria. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 125-130, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981927

ABSTRACT

The wound mechanism, injury characteristics and treatment principles of anti-armored vehicle ammunition against armored crew in the past 20 years are summarized in this paper. Shock vibration, metal jet, depleted uranium aerosol and post armor breaking effect are the main factors for wounding armored crew. Their prominent characteristics are severe injury, high incidence of bone fracture, high rate of depleted uranium injury, and high incidence of multiple/combined injuries. During the treatment, attention must be paid on that the space of armored vehicle is limited, and the casualties should be moved outside of the cabin for comprehensive treatment. Especially, the management of depleted uranium injury and burn/inhalation injury are more important than other injuries for the armored wounds.


Subject(s)
Humans , Uranium/analysis , Respiratory Aerosols and Droplets , Motor Vehicles , Burns/therapy , Multiple Trauma
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985938

ABSTRACT

Objective: Clinical manifestations, imaging findings, pathologic features, and genetic mutations of Chinese adult patients with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) were analyzed in order to achieve a greater understanding of CTX that can improve early detection, diagnosis, and treatment. Methods: Clinical data including medical history, neurologic and auxiliary examinations, imaging findings, and genetic profile were collected for an adult patient with CTX admitted to the Sixth Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital in August 2020. Additionally, a systematic review of genetically diagnosed Chinese adult CTX cases reported in major databases in China and other countries was performed and age of onset, first symptoms, common signs and symptoms, pathologic findings, imaging changes, and gene mutations were analyzed. Results: The proband was a 39-year-old female with extensive, early-onset nervous system manifestations including cognitive dysfunction and ataxia. Systemic lesions included juvenile cataract and a tendon mass. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed cerebral atrophy, symmetric white matter changes predominantly in the pyramidal tract, and lesions in the cerebellar dentate nucleus. A novel homozygous mutation in the sterol-27-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) gene (c.1477-2A>C) was identified. There were no family members with similar clinical presentation although some were carriers of the c.1477-2A>C mutation. The patient showed a good response to deoxycholic acid treatment. Totally there were 56 cases of adult CTX patients in China, mostly in East China (31/56, 55.4%), at a male-to-female ratio of 1.8 to 1. Multiple organs and tissues including nervous system, tendon, lens, lung, and skeletal muscle were affected in these cases. The most common neurologic manifestations were cognitive dysfunction (44/52, 84.6%) and ataxia (44/51, 86.3%). The cases were characterized by early onset, chronic progressive damage of multiple systems, long disease course, and delayed diagnosis, making the disease difficult to manage clinically and resulting in poor prognosis. The 2 most common genetic mutations in Chinese adult CTX patients were c.1263+1G>A and c.379C>T. Exon 2 of the CYP27A1 gene was identified as a mutation hot spot. Conclusions: Chinese adult patients with CTX have complex clinical characteristics, a long diagnostic cycle, and various CYP27A1 gene mutations. Early diagnosis and intervention can improve the prognosis of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Xanthomatosis, Cerebrotendinous/pathology , Pedigree , Cholestanetriol 26-Monooxygenase/genetics , Mutation , Ataxia
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940366

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo predict the mechanism of Sinitang in treating myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MI/RI) based on network pharmacology and verify the prediction results by cellular experiments. MethodThe traditional Chinese medicine system pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) was employed for retrieval of the main components and potential targets of Sinitang. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and GeneCards were employed to obtain the targets of Sinitang in treating MI/RI. STRING was employed to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and DAVID to perform gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment. Finally, cellular experiments were carried out to verify the predicted anti-MI/RI mechanism of Sinitang. ResultA total of 105 active ingredients and 234 targets of Sinitang were screened out, among which 116 targets were predicted to be involved in the treatment of MI/RI. The GO annotation gave 587 entries, including 417 biological process entries, 101 cell component entries, and 69 molecular function entries. The KEGG analysis enriched 125 signaling pathways, involving vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), forkhead box transcription factor O (FoxO), hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) apoptosis and other signaling pathways. The results of cell viability assay showed that Sinitang increased the survival rate of H9C2 cells damaged by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). Sinitang decreased the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) in H9C2 cells damaged by H/R. The results of flow cytometry demonstrated that Sinitang decreased the apoptosis rate of H9C2 cells damaged by H/R. Western blot showed that Sinitang down-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 related X protein (Bax) and up-regulated that of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) in H/R-injured H9C2 cells. ConclusionSinitang treats MI/RI in a multi-target and multi-pathway manner, which involves the signaling pathways associated with apoptosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 130-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935192

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the expression of miR1290 in endometrial cancer tissues and its relationship with the pathological grade, and to find out the effect of miR1290 on biological characteristics of endometrial cancer cells and its mechanism. Methods: A total of 38 cases of endometrioid adenocarcinoma tissues, 10 cases of adjacent tissues and 23 cases of normal endometrial tissues were collected in Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from May 2020 to October 2020. The expression of miR1290 was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The expressions of miR1290 in endometrial cancer cells including KLE and Ishikawa were knocked down by lentiviral transfection. Cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) test and colony formation test were used to detect cell proliferation ability, wound healing and Transwell test were used to detect cell invasion and migration ability, western blot was used to detect the expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), phospholipids acylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and Wnt/β-catenin pathway related proteins. Results: The relative expressions of miR1290 in endometrial cancer tissues were 5.40±3.20, which was 1.55 times of normal endometrial tissues (P<0.01) and 1.75 times of adjacent tissues (P<0.01). The relative expressions of miR1290 in 17 cases of endometrial tissues at proliferative stage and 6 cases of endometrial tissues at secretory stage were 3.00±1.08 and 4.97±0.58, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). In KLE cells and Ishikawa cells, the expression of miR1290 in miR1290 knockdown (Sh-miR1290) group was decreased when compared with the negative control (Sh-NC) group. The absorbance value of Sh-miR1290 group detected by the CCK-8 method and the colony formation rate detected by the colony formation experiment were both increased, the number of cells penetrating the basement membrane in the Transwell experiment and the wound healing rate in the scratch experiment were decreased (P<0.05). In KLE cells, knockdown of miR1290 reduced the expressions of EMT-related proteins including N-cadherin, Vimentin, Snail and Slug(P<0.05), and the expressions of PI3K and P-Akt/Akt (P<0.05), while there was no significant change in the expressions of Wnt and β-catenin (P>0.05). In Ishikawa cells, knockdown of miR1290 decreased the expressions of EMT-related proteins including N-cadherin, Snail and Slug, and the expressions of Wnt and β-catenin, increased the expression of E-cadherin (P<0.05), while there was no significant change in the expressions of PI3K and P-Akt/Akt (P>0.05). Conclusions: The expressions of miR1290 in endometrial cancer tissues are higher than that in the adjacent tissues and normal endometrial tissues. Knockdown of miR1290 expression can promote the proliferation of endometrial cancer cells, but inhibit cell invasion, migration and EMT ability through the PI3K/Akt and Wnt/β-catenin pathways.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Endometrial Neoplasms/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , MicroRNAs/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931453

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the research results of the national continuing medical education project "musculoskeletal ultrasound and new technology quality class" held by the Department of Ultrasound Diagnosis of Peking University Third Hospital, to explore and analyze the effect of basic and applied teaching method based on musculoskeletal ultrasound.Methods:Totally 109 participants attending the classes held on April 14-18, 2019 and on September 9-13, 2019 were selected as study objects, and the training effects of quality private classes were evaluated by questionnaires, operational tests and theoretical tests. SPSS 21.0 was used for t test. Results:The results showed that more than 80% of students were satisfied with the teaching content, teaching plan and teaching materials. Through the class training, the greatest gains of the students were that the operation ability [67 cases (30.7%)] and the theoretical level [53 cases (24.3%)] had been significantly improved. All 109 students passed the operation test. There were no statistical differences in the average scores of theoretical tests among the students with different professional titles, academic qualifications and whether they were from primary hospitals (75-80 points, P>0.05) . Conclusion:The musculoskeletal ultrasound quality private class can improve the students' operating ability and theoretical level in the musculoskeletal system. The class model can guarantee the teaching quality and provide a new direction for continuing medical education.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of aspirin on the outcomes in adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease treated with encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS).Methods:Adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease treated EDAS in the Department of Neurosurgery, the Fifth Medical Center, PLA General Hospital from January 2015 to September 2018 were enrolled retrospectively. The control group only received EDAS treatment, and the aspirin group received EDAS and aspirin antiplatelet treatment. The data of the both groups were analyzed retrospectively and the effective rate of operation, the incidence of perioperative intracerebral hemorrhage, the incidence of recurrent cerebrovascular events at 6 months after operation and the improvement rate of the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score were compared.Results:A total of 120 adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease were enrolled, including 60 in the aspirin group and 60 in the control group. EDAS was performed on 107 cerebral hemispheres in both groups. The operative effective rate in the aspirin group was significantly higher than that in the control group (82.24% vs. 65.42%; χ2=7.836, P=0.005). There was no perioperative cerebral hemorrhage event in the aspirin group and the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of cerebral infarction within 6 months after operation, but the incidence of transient ischemic attack in the aspirin group was significantly lower than that in the control group (15% vs. 40%; χ2=9.404, P=0.002). In addition, the improvement rate of mRS score in the aspirin group at 6 months after operation was significantly higher than that in the control group (85% vs. 63.33%; χ2=7.350, P=0.007). Conclusions:The combination of EDAS and aspirin can effectively improve the outcomes of adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease without increasing the risk of perioperative intracerebral hemorrhage.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938085

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of an overlapped stenting-assisted coiling technique in treating vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm (VADA) via Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS) stent-within-Neuroform EZ stent. @*Methods@#: From January 2017 to June 2019, 18 consecutive patients with VADAs (ruptured : unruptured=5 : 13) were treated with the overlapping stents assisted-coiling technique in our center. The overlapping manner was a Neuroform EZ stent being deployed first, followed by LVIS stents placement using the ‘shelf’ technique. The patients’ clinical characteristics, technical feasibility and safety, and immediate and follow-up angiographic results were retrospectively reviewed. @*Results@#: Seventeen (94.4%) procedures were technically successful with an exact deployment of the stents and patent parent or perforator arteries. The immediate angiographies after procedure confirmed Raymond class I, II, and III occlusion of VADAs were in 12 (66.7%), two (11.1%), and four cases (22.2%), respectively. Post-procedural complications developed in one patient (5.6%) with minor brainstem infarctions, which resulted from an in-stent thrombosis during the procedure. Angiographic follow-up at 5.7 months (range 3 to 9 months) demonstrated Raymond class I and II occlusion were in all cases (100%). The modified Rankin Scale scores at 21.3 months (range 15 to 42 months) 0–2 in 17 cases (94.4%) and three in one case (5.6%). @*Conclusion@#: Overlapping stents via LVIS stent-within-Neuroform EZ stent combined with coiling is safe and effective for patients with VADA in the midterm results.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 207-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935928

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentration changes on platelet release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and thrombospondin (TSP)-1 in patients with decompensated cirrhotic portal hypertension after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure. Methods: 169 cases with cirrhotic portal hypertension were enrolled, of which 81 cases received TIPS treatment. LPS, VEGF, and TSP-1 concentrations with different Child-Pugh class in peripheral blood plasma of patients were measured. After pre-incubation of normal human platelets with different concentrations of LPS and stimulated by collagen in vitro, platelet PAC-1 expression rate, VEGF, and TSP-1 concentrations were detected. PAC-1 expression rate and the concentrations of LPS, VEGF and TSP-1 in peripheral blood plasma of patients before and after TIPS procedure were detected. The relationship between plasma LPS, VEGF and TSP-1 concentrations and Child-Pugh score changes in patients after TIPS procedure was analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by t-test, one-way ANOVA or Pearson's rho according to different data. Results: Plasma LPS and TSP-1 concentrations were significantly higher in Child-Pugh class C patients than class A and B, but the concentration of plasma VEGF was significantly lower than class A and B (P < 0.01). In vitro experiments showed that concentration of LPS, TSP-1, and platelet PAC-1 expression rate was higher in the supernatant, but the difference in the concentration of VEGF in the supernatant was not statistically significant. Portal vein pressure and platelet activation were significantly decreased (P < 0.01) in patients after TIPS procedure. Portal venous pressure, platelet activation, plasma LPS, and TSP-1 levels were significantly decreased continuously, while VEGF levels were significantly increased continuously after TIPS procedure. Plasma LPS concentration was positively correlated with TSP-1 concentration (r = 0.506, P < 0.001), and negatively correlated with VEGF concentration (r = -0.167, P = 0.010). Child-Pugh score change range was negatively correlated with change range of plasma VEGF concentration (r = -0.297, P = 0.016), and positively correlated with change range of plasma TSP-1 concentration (r = 0.145, P = 0.031) after TIPS. Conclusion: Portal venous pressure gradient, plasma LPS concentration and corresponding platelet activation was decreased in cirrhotic portal hypertension after TIPS procedure, and with TSP-1 reduction and VEGF elevation it is possible to reduce the liver function injury caused by portal venous shunt.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Platelets , Hypertension, Portal/etiology , Lipopolysaccharides , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Plasma , Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic/adverse effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 397-402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935402

ABSTRACT

With the progress of globalization, the public health emergencies represented by major infectious diseases have become a major challenge for the public health management in China. The article briefly describes the emergency response capability assessment tools in China, and introduces two emergency response assessment tools with complete content structure and wide application in the world. Then the advantages and disadvantages of the tools are compared and discussed in order to provide reference for improvement of the assessment tools for public health emergency response capability in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Disaster Planning , Public Health , Public Health Administration
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Tangshen Formula (, TSF), a Chinese herbal medicine, on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the colon of diabetic rats.@*METHODS@#Fifty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC, n=14) and high-fat diet (HFD) groups (n=40). After 6 weeks, the rats in the HFD group were injected intraperitoneally streptozotocin once (30 mg/kg). Thirty rats with fasting blood glucose higher than 11.7 mmol/L were randomly divided into diabetes (DM) and TSF groups, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the NC and DM groups were intragastrically administered with saline, and those in the TSF group were given with TSF (2.4 g/kg) once daily for 20 weeks. Expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 in colonic smooth muscle layer were measured by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. The number of ICC was determined by immunohistochemical staining. Immunofluorescence was used for analyzing the ratio of classically activated macrophages (M1) and alternatively activated macrophages (M2) to total macrophages. Electron microscopy was used to observe the epithelial ultrastructure and junctions.@*RESULTS@#TSF appeared to partially prevented loss of ICC in DM rats (P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and TNF-α as well as the ratio of M1 to total macrophages increased in DM rats (all P<0.05), and the ratio of M2 to total macrophages decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the DM group, TSF decreased the expression levels of abovementioned proteins and restore M2 to total macrophages ratio (P<0.05 or P<0.01). TSF appeared to attenuate the ultrastructural changes of epithelia and improve the tight and desmosome junctions between epithelia reduced in the DM rats.@*CONCLUSION@#Reduced number of ICC in DM rats may be associated with damage of the intestinal barrier. The protective effects of TSF on ICC may be through repair of the epithelial junctions, which attenuates inflammation and inflammation-initiated apoptosis in colon of DM rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Colon , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Rats, Wistar
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