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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1098-1105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness between unilateral biportal endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion (ULIF) and endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (Endo-TLIF) in treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis combined with intervertebral disc herniation.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 64 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and intervertebral disc herniation, who were admitted between April 2020 and November 2021 and met the selection criteria, was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 30 patients were treated with ULIF (ULIF group) and 34 patients with Endo-TLIF (Endo-TLIF group). There was no significant difference in baseline data such as gender, age, disease duration, lesion segment, preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score of low back pain and leg pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI), spinal canal area, and intervertebral space height between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stays, and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups, as well as the VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain, ODI, and imaging measurement indicators (spinal canal area, intervertebral bone graft area, intervertebral space height, and degree of intervertebral fusion according to modified Brantigan score).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the Endo-TLIF group, the ULIF group had shorter operation time, but had more intraoperative blood loss and longer hospital stays, with significant differences ( P<0.05). The cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in 2 cases of Endo-TLIF group and 1 case of ULIF group, and no other complication occurred. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). All patients in the two groups were followed up 12 months. The VAS scores of lower back pain and leg pain and ODI in the two groups significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between different time points after operation ( P>0.05). And there was no significant difference between the two groups at each time point after operation ( P>0.05). Imaging examination showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in the change of spinal canal area, the change of intervertebral space height, and intervertebral fusion rate at 6 and 12 months ( P>0.05). The intervertebral bone graft area in the ULIF group was significantly larger than that in the Endo-TLIF group ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For the patients with lumbar spinal stenosis combined with intervertebral disc herniation, ULIF not only achieves similar effectiveness as Endo-TLIF, but also has advantages such as higher decompression efficiency, flexible surgical instrument operation, more thorough intraoperative intervertebral space management, and shorter operation time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Low Back Pain/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 299-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992602

ABSTRACT

The acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults have a higher rate of neurological injury and early death compared with atlas or axial fractures alone. Currently, the diagnosis and treatment choices of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults are controversial because of the lack of standards for implementation. Non-operative treatments have a high incidence of bone nonunion and complications, while surgeries may easily lead to the injury of the vertebral artery, spinal cord and nerve root. At present, there are no evidence-based Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults. To provide orthopedic surgeons with the most up-to-date and effective information in treating acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults, the Spinal Trauma Group of Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts in the field of spinal trauma to develop the Evidence-based guideline for clinical diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults ( version 2023) by referring to the "Management of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults" published by American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) in 2013 and the relevant Chinese and English literatures. Ten recommendations were made concerning the radiological diagnosis, stability judgment, treatment rules, treatment options and complications based on medical evidence, aiming to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 204-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992589

ABSTRACT

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) combined with spinal fractures with thoracic and lumbar fracture as the most common type shows characteristics of unstable fracture, high incidence of nerve injury, high mortality and high disability rate. The diagnosis may be missed because it is mostly caused by low-energy injury, when spinal rigidity and osteoporosis have a great impact on the accuracy of imaging examination. At the same time, the treatment choices are controversial, with no relevant specifications. Non-operative treatments can easily lead to bone nonunion, pseudoarthrosis and delayed nerve injury, while surgeries may be failed due to internal fixation failure. At present, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture. In this context, the Spinal Trauma Academic Group of Orthopedics Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts to formulate the Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of adult ankylosing spondylitis combined with thoracolumbar fracture ( version 2023) by following the principles of evidence-based medicine and systematically review related literatures. Ten recommendations on the diagnosis, imaging evaluation, classification and treatment of AS combined with thoracic and lumbar fracture were put forward, aiming to standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of such disorder.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 111-120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the volume changes of cervical longus and cervical extensor after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and the correlation with the clinical efficacy of patients.Methods:All of 57 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy who underwent single-segment ACDF surgery from January 2013 to December 2018 were analyzed. The follow-up time was 23.0±4.8 months (range 16-34 months). All included subjects underwent MR examination within 1 week before operation and 3rd, 12th months after operation and at the last follow-up. The axial section cross section area (AxCSA) of the cervical longus and the ratio of length to short diameter line (RLS) at the level of each disc of C 2-C 7 were measured on the axial T2WI. Calculate the volume of the cervical longus based on the layer thickness. At the same time, measure the cervical extensor cross-sectional area (CESA) of the same level including the multifidus, cervical semispinous muscle, semispinous head, splinter head, and cervical splinter muscles, and compare CESA with the corresponding vertebral cross-sectional area (VBA). The ratio is analyzed as the volume of the neck extensor muscle, namely CESA/VBA. At the 3rd and 12th months after operation and at the last follow-up, the axial pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) for assessing pain, and the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association score (mJOA) and the neck dysfunction index (NDI) were used to assess the functional status of the cervical spine. Analyze the morphological changes of thecervical longus and extensor cervical muscles before and after the operation and during the follow-up period, and analyze the correlation with VAS, mJOA, and NDI. Results:Compared with the preoperative period, the average AxCSA of the surgical segment decreased at the 3rd and 12th months after the operation and at the last follow-up. The difference was statistically significant ( F=24.113, P<0.05), which was changed from 140.84±19.51 mm 2 respectively reduce to 117.74±17.15 mm 2 ( t=6.714, P<0.05), 116.37±18.67 mm 2 ( t=6.841, P<0.05) and 116.27±18.65 mm 2 ( t=6.873, P<0.05). Compared with preoperatively, they were reduced by 16.40%, 17.37% and 17.45%, respectively, while the average RLS of surgical segments increased slightly, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=22.612, P<0.05), which increased from preoperative 1.97±0.67 to 2.73±0.60 (38.58% increased, t=6.380, P<0.05), 2.82±0.64 (43.15% increased, t=6.926, P<0.05) and 2.74±0.62 (39.09% increased, t=6.368, P<0.05). The volume of thecervical longus of the patients decreased after the operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=64.511, P<0.05), which decreased from 8853.48±458.65 mm 3 before the operation to 7834.53±461.59 mm 3 (11.51% decreased, t=11.822, P<0.05), 7926.42±456.24 mm 3 (10.47% decreased, t=10.819, P<0.05), 7892.38±450.78 mm 3 (10.86% decreased, t=11.283, P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the non-surgical segment AxCSA, RLS and the volume of thecervical longus at the 3rd and 12th months after surgery and the last follow-up ( P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference of CESA and CESA/VBA compared to preoperative in the surgical segment and non-surgical segment ( P>0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the volume of cervical longus and VAS at the 3rd month ( r=-0.308, P<0.05), the 12th month ( r=-0.210, P<0.05) and the last follow-up ( r=-0.404, P<0.05) were negatively correlated; Among the volume of cervical longus and NDI in the 3rd month ( r=-0.511, P<0.05), 12th month ( r=-0.518, P<0.05) and the last follow-up ( r=-0.352, P<0.05), there was a negative correlation; However, there was no statistically significant correlation between the cervical longus muscle volume and mJOA at each follow-up time point ( P>0.05); There was no significant correlation between CESA/VBA and VAS, NDI, and mJOA at the 3rd, 12th and last follow-up ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The volume and morphology of cervical longus after ACDF was significantly reduced compared with that before the operation, but the volume and morphology of the cervical extensor muscle did not change significantly. ACDF surgery mainly affects the cervical longus corresponding to the surgical segment, and the volume is negatively correlated with the VAS and NDI during follow-up.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 847-855, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of exosomes of human nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) on the differentiation of urine derived stem cells (USCs) into nucleus pulposus-like cells.Methods:USCs and NPCs were isolated and cultured in vitro. The exosomes of NPCs were extracted and detected by Western-blot. USCs cytoplasm was transfected with GFP lentivirus, while nucleus was transfected with DAPI dye. The NPCs exosomes were transfected with PKH26 dye. After co-incubation for 12 h, USCs and NPCs exosomes were observed by macroscopy. USCs differentiation was induced by NPCs exosomes and non-contact co-culture methods. The relative expression of marker gene mRNA of nucleus pulposus cells in each group and the absorbance at 450 nm wavelength were detected.Results:The isolated USCs had the ability to differentiate into osteocytes, adipocytes and chondrocytes with high expression of marker CD29 (99.57%), CD44 (97.46%) and CD73 (97.71%) and with low expression of negative proteins CD31 (0.59%) and CD45 (0.19%). The isolated NPCs highly expressed nuclear pulposus cell marker COL2A1, ACAN and SOX-9. The exosomes extracted from NPCs showed high expression of exosome marker CD63, CD81 and Tsg101. After 12 h co-incubation, NPCs exosomes fused with USCs membrane and appeared in the cytoplasm of USCs. At 3, 5 and 7 days of co-culture, the absorbance value of USCs cells in exosome group (0.44±0.004, 0.76±0.004, 0.82±0.006) was higher than that in co-culture group (0.39±0.022, 0.63±0.035, 0.69±0.012) ( P<0.05). The mRNA relative expression of USCs nucleus pulposus marker genes ACAN (1.80±0.31, 3.50±0.21, 5.35±0.31, 7.46±0.12), COL2A1 (1.43±0.15, 4.33±0.23, 6.89±0.22, 8.11±0.31), SOX-9 (2.21±0.13, 3.13±0.11, 3.96± 0.14, 4.52±0.26) and HIF-1α (1.45±0.16, 2.14±0.21, 4.31±0.41, 4.01±0.25) in exosomes group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05) at the 3rd, 7th, 14th and 21st days. The mRNA relative expression of USCs nucleus pulposus marker genes ACAN (5.69±0.21, 6.69±0.13), COL2A1 (6.33±0.17, 7.89±0.15), SOX-9 (4.19±0.29, 4.38±0.12), HIF-1α (4.49±0.32, 4.96±0.26) in exosomes group were significantly higher than those ACAN (3.69±0.35, 5.13±0.23), COL2A1 (3.40±0.16, 6.79±0.19), SOX-9 (2.26±0.32, 3.69±0.26), HIF-1α (2.39±0.11, 3.96±0.13) in non-contact co-culture group ( P<0.05) at the 14th and 21st days. Conclusion:Human nucleus pulposus exosomes could induce differentiation of human USCs into nucleus pulposus-like cells in vitro. Compared with non-contact co-culture, exosomes have higher induction efficiency and can better maintain the proliferation activity of nucleus pulposus-like cells

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 961-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956541

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) can lead to lower back pain and may be even accompanied by scoliosis, neurological dysfunction and other complications, which will affect the daily activities and life quality of patients. Vertebral augmentation is an effective treatment method for OVCF, but it cannot correct unbalance of bone metabolism or improve the osteoporotic status, causing complications like lower back pain, limited spinal activities and vertebral refracture. The post-operative systematic and standardized rehabilitation treatments can improve curative effect and therapeutic efficacy of anti-osteoporosis, reduce risk of vertebral refracture, increase patient compliance and improve quality of life. Since there still lack relevant clinical treatment guidelines for postoperative rehabilitation treatments following vertebral augmentation for OVCF, the current treatments are varied with uneven therapeutic effect. In order to standardize the postoperative rehabilitation treatment, the Spine Trauma Group of the Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized relevant experts to refer to relevant literature and develop the "Guideline for postoperative rehabilitation treatment following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (2022 version)" based on the clinical guidelines published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) as well as on the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement. The guideline provided evidence-based recommendations on 10 important issues related to postoperative rehabilitation treatments of OVCF.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 654-659, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884756

ABSTRACT

Low back pain is an important cause of disability worldwide. It has a high incidence rate and brings a huge burden to families and society. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is one of the leading factors causing low back pain and the pathological basis of degenerative disc diseases, such as intervertebral disc herniation and spinal stenosis. However, the etiology of IDD is complex, and the risk factors and specific mechanisms behind remain unclear. Some controversial views have also been observed. Surgery is often considered for patients with severe intervertebral disc diseases, but there is no effective treatment for IDD at the early and middle stages. It will be of great significance to in-depth explore the molecular biological mechanisms and related risk factors, which can bring benefits to the prevention, accurate diagnosis, early treatment, and rehabilitation of degenerative disc diseases. Refer to the literatures published in the past ten years, this paper describes the latest research progress on risk factors related to IDD in terms of aging, genetics, mechanical loading, low-grade infection, biological rhythms, smoking, metabolic disease, estrogen, and nutrition. The results show that IDD is affected by multiple risk factors. These factors can interact with each other, and lead to death, phenotypic transformation, and metabolic disorder of disc cells, leading to a reduction of extracellular matrix and an unbalanced microenvironment and eventually loss of structural integrity of intervertebral disc tissue and IDD. A good body clock, a controlled weight, an appropriate blood glucose level, adequate nutrition, no smoking, a good hormone level, moderate exercise, avoiding injury, and strict aseptic techniques in the clinic will bring benefits to the progress of IDD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 253-261, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884710

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are vesicles with a double globular membrane of lipids that can be secreted by a variety of cells, including stem cells. Exosomes have unique biological characteristics and irreplaceable powerful functions which play an important role in intercellular communication. The various cytokines, signal proteins, lipids and regulatory nucleic acids contained in stem cell exosomes can play a protective role against the injury of kidney, liver, heart, blood vessels and nerves. Stem cell exosomes delay the process of intervertebral disc degeneration by inhibiting the apoptosis of nucleus pulposus cells and increasing the synthesis of extracellular matrix, etc. The mechanism of its role is mainly through miRNA and related signaling pathways. Exosomes contain complex components. Although the mechanism of action of exosomes in intervertebral discs has been preliminarily explored, the components contained in exosomes are complex and the specific situation has not been fully understood, which still needs further study. In this review, the characteristics and functions of stem cell exosomes, extraction, identification and storage methods, the impacttovarious other tissues, as well as the effects on intervertebral discs and their mechanisms were elaborated in order to provide a basis for the study of intervertebral disc degenerative diseases.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 902-910, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869042

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of minimally invasivetransforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) on lumbar multifidus muscle using MRI techniqueandits clinical significance.Methods:From September 2016 to July 2019, 23 patients who underwent MIS-TLIF surgery for unilateral symptomatic disc herniation in unilateral segments (L 3,4, L 4,5, L 5S 1) of Qingdao University Affiliated Hospital were studied. Their lumbar MR examination was performed 1 week before surgery, and 3 and 6 months after surgery. The axial section of multifidus muscle cross section area (AxCSA) was measured on the axial T2WI image of each intervertebral disc level before and after the operation. The ratio of long and short lines (RLS) was calculated, andthe ratio of axial section of muscle fat infiltration cross section area (FLSA) and AxCSAwasrecorded as FLSA/AxCSA. The changes of various indexes of multifidus muscle in the affected side and the healthy side of the lumbar spine before and after the operation were compared, and the effect of the MIS-TLIF procedure on the morphology of the multifidus muscle was observed. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) measurements of the muscle cross-section of the affected side were performed before and 6 months after the operation. The integral value of intracellular lipid (IMCL) and extracellular lipid (EMCL) of 1H spectrum muscle cells was compared, while the degree of fat infiltration was measured. Results:Patients with single-segment lumbar disc herniation had larger AxCSAin the healthy side than the affected side before surgery in surgical level ( t=6.611, P<0.05), and the muscle AxCSAin the healthy side was larger than the affected side in non-surgical levels ( t=-6.682, P<0.05), both suggested preoperative muscle volume advantage in the healthy side; no difference in bilateral AxCSA at 3 months was found after surgeryin surgical levels ( t=0.197, P> 0.05)and non-surgical levels ( t=-1.631, P> 0.05), which suggested bilateral muscle volume equal advantageat short-term follow-up. The FLSA/AxCSA of affected segment before and after 3 months was 9.5%±3.8% and 8.7%±1.5%, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.163, P<0.05); the RLS of affected segment before and after 3 months was 3.3%±0.24% and 2.7%±0.83%, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.42, P<0.05). The medians of EMCL/IMCL before and after 6 months of MRS were 2.010 and 1.475, respectively, and EMCL decreased after 6 months ( Z=0.48, P<0.05). Conclusion:Patients with single-segment lumbar disc herniation have different morphology of bilateral multifidus muscle before surgery. MIS-TLIF has little effect on the multifidus muscle of the surgical side. MIS-TLIF significantly reduces extracellular lipid accumulation, promotes intracellular transfer, and increases intracellular fat metabolism. Its retention of muscle attachment points and limited fixation can also reshape compensatory muscle atrophy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 797-803, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of robot navigation system (Tian Ji robot system) plus 3D printing and traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy in assisting percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for treatment of Kümmell disease.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 40 patients with Kümmell disease treated at Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2017 to February 2019, including 12 males and 28 females, with an average age of 56.4 years (range, 42-71 years). In observation group, 20 patients underwent PKP or PVP assisted by the robot navigation system and 3D printing. In control group, 20 patients underwent PKP or PVP assisted by the traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy. The operation time and incidence of complications were observed. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height were compared before operation, 1 day and 3 months after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 3.5-8.6 months (mean, 6.7 months). The operation time in control group was (32.2±5.8)minutes, compared with (26.7±3.6)minutes in observation group ( P<0.05). The incidence of cement leakage was 0% (0/20) in the observation group and 5% (1/20) in control group ( P>0.05). One day after operation, in observation group and control group, the VAS was (2.1±0.3)points and (3.7±0.8)points, the ODI was 14.3±1.8 and 25.5±5.7, the Cobb angle was (20.6±1.2)° and (22.4±0.6)°, and the anterior height of vertebral body was (21.2±0.8)mm and (17.6±0.7)mm, respectively, showing significant improvement compared with those before operation ( P<0.01). Three months after operation, in observation group and control group, the VAS was (1.8±0.4)points and (2.8±0.8)points, the ODI was 12.3±1.5 and 21.6±2.3, the Cobb angle was (18.1±0.8) ° and (20.5±1.6)°, and the anterior height of vertebral body was (20.1±1.8)mm and (16.8±1.3)mm, showing no significant difference compared with those at day 1 after operation ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in the VAS, ODI, Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height between the two groups 1 day and 3 months after operation ( P<0.01). Conclusion:For Kümmell disease, with assistance with the robot navigation system combined with 3D printing, PKP or PVP can more effectively reduce the pain of patients, improve the quality of life, restore the anterior height of vertebral body, and realize the individualized treatment in comparison with the traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 577-586, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867755

ABSTRACT

According to the pathological characteristics of symptomatic chronic thoracic and lumbar osteoporotic vertebral fracture (SCOVF), the different clinical treatment methods are selected, including vertebral augmentation, anterior-posterior fixation and fusion, posterior decompression fixation and fusion, and posterior correction osteotomy. However, there is still a lack of a unified understanding on how to choose appropriate treatment method for SCOVF. In order to reflect the new treatment concept and the evidence-based medicine progress of SCOVF in a timely manner and standardize its treatment, the clinical guideline for surgical treatment of SCOVF is formulated in compliance with the principle of scientificity, practicability and advancement and based on the level of evidence-based medicine.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 305-310, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744177

ABSTRACT

s] Objective To understand the influence of PDCA cyclecombined with LBL/TBL teaching models on the problem-solving ability and clinical training of pharmacy interns so as to improve the teaching quality of hospital pharmacy practice. Methods A total of 126 hospital pharmacy interns were randomly divided into the control group (63 interns) and the experimental group (63 interns). The control group was taught with LBL/TBL teaching models, while the experimental group was taught with PDCA cycle combined with LBL/TBL teaching models . Questionnaires were used to investigate the problem-solving ability , the teaching effect of clinical training , and the satisfaction in the two groups after the clinical training. Results The scores of positive problem orientation and rational problem solving were higher in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). The scores of negative problem orientation, avoidance style, impulsivity/carelessness style were lower in the experimental group than in the control group(P<0.05). The scores of theoretical knowledge ( 86 . 5 ± 8 . 5 ) and clinical skills ( 87 . 0 ± 7 . 2 ) were higher in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). Besides, the investigation on the satisfaction to clinical training showed that the practical ability, teamwork consciousness and self-learning ability were better in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). The total satisfaction of the experimental group was 92.2%, higher than that of the control group (83.5%) (P<0.05). Conclusion PDCA cycle combined with LBL/TBL teaching models can improve the problem-solving ability and the teaching effect of clinical training in pharmacy interns, which deserves wider application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 658-664, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754781

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the Iso-C 3D navigation system versus the traditional X-ray fluoroscopy in minimally invasive surgery for Kümmell disease.Methods Included for the present retrospective study were 42 patients with Kümmell disease who had been treated by percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) at Department of Spine Surgery,Honghui Hospital from October 2016 to June 2018.They were 11 men and 31 women,aged from 43 to 72 years (average,57.4 years).The operation was aided by Iso-C 3D navigational system in 21 patients (observation group) and by X-ray fluoroscopy in the other 21 patients (control group).The 2 groups were compared before operation,one day and 6 months after operation in terms of visual analogue scale (VAS),Oswestry disability index (ODI),cobb angle and anterior vertebral height.Results The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in the preoperative general data (P > 0.05).All the patients were followed up for an average of 9.6 months (from 6.0 to 18.5 months).At one day after operation for the observation andcontrol groups,the VAS scores (2.2 ±0.7 and 3.9 ± 1.5),ODI scores (15.6 ±2.8 and 26.2 ±6.9),cob angles (19.5° ± 1.7° and 20.8° ± 0.8°) and anterior vertebral heights (20.7 ± 1.4 and 18.7 ± 1.5 mm) were all significantly improved compared with those before operation (P < 0.05).At 6 months after operation for the observation and control groups,the VAS scores (1.6±0.6 and 2.7±1.0),ODI (14.2±3.1 and 21.5 ±4.2),cob angles (18.6°± 1.8° and 19.0°± 1.7°) and anterior vertebral heights (19.9 ± 1.8 and 17.8 ± 1.6 mm) were not significantly different from those at one day after operation (P > 0.05).The VAS,ODI,cobb angle and anterior vertebral height at one day after operation for the observation group were all significantly better than those for the control group (P < 0.05).The VAS,ODI and anterior vertebral height at 6 months after operation for the observation group were significantly better than for the control group (P < 0.05),but there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the cobb angle (P > 0.05).No complications were observed in the observation group but 6 cases in control group reported cement leakage.Conclusion In the PKP/PVP treatment of Kümmell disease,Iso-C 3D navigational system may be superior to traditional X-ray fluoroscopy in that it can lead to better recovery of anterior vertebral height,kyphosis correction,pain relief and quality of life.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 649-657, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754780

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the management strategy and indications for revisionary internal fixation after percutaneous kyphoplasty/percutaneous vertebroplasty (PKP/PVP) in cancellous vertebral fractures.Methods A retrospective analysis was made of the 676 cases of single-segment PKP/PVP at Department of Orthopaedics,The Affiliated Hospital to Qingdao University from January 2008 to January 2019.They were subjected to 4 different managements after their primary PKP/PVP:rehabilitation without any treatment in 637 cases,conservative treatment in 19 cases (including 3 ones who refused any revision),KP/VP revision in 12 cases and internal fixation revision in 8 cases.The rate of volume reduction after bone cement dispersion (Vx) was calculated using software Mimics 17.0 on the basis of primary CT data of all the patients.The correlation regression analysis was made between the revision rate and the approximate quantization value of Vx.The Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) of conscious state was used to evaluate the 39 patients after failure of their primary surgery before the surgical strategy for revision was worked out.The cobb angle,pelvic incidence angle (PI),pelvic inclination angle (PT),sacral inclination angle (SS),sagittal deviation (SVA),pain visual analogue scale (VAS) were measured and recorded before operation and at the last follow-up for the KP/VP revision group and internal fixation revision group,indicated as △cobb,△PI,△PT,△SS,△SVA and △VAS,respectively.The indexes were compared between the 2 groups.Results The incidence of osteoporotic vertebral fractures treated with internal fixation revision was 1.18% (8/676).The correlation between Vx and revision rate was y =0.53 + 0.04x (P < 0.05).The regression analysis showed that Vx was positively correlated with the revision rate (r2 =0.860,P =0.001) and the fitting curve was correlated (r2 =0.916,P =0.001).The GSC scores revealed 31 normal,6 mild disturbance and 2 moderate disturbance cases.There were no significant differences in gender,age or VAS scores between the KP/VP revision group and the internal fixation revision group (P > 0.05).There was a significant difference in △cobb between the 2 revision groups (6.3° ± 7.5° versus 19.2° ± 14.8°) (P <0.05),but there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in △PI (4.1°±5.2° versus 3.3°±6.7°),△PT (0.7°±4.6° versus 0.4° ± 3.2°),△SS (3.7° ± 6.2° versus 3.1° ± 5.3°) or △SVA (-3.2 ± 11.9 mm versus-7.9 ± 9.5 mm) (P > 0.05).Conclusions The outcomes of primary PKP/PVP have a great impact on the decision-making of internal fixation revision.The mode and extent of diffusion after initial vertebral cement perfusion are particularly related to the revision rate.The revision plan should depend on clinical symptoms.The internal fixation revision should be individualized to ensure the quality of life of the patients in line with the principles of "resolving symptoms" and "moderate correction".

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 390-395, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708552

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic decompression of spinoglenoid notch cysts and release of suprascapular nerve in treating suprascapular nerve compression syndromes via posterior portal.Methods Eleven patients from January 2010 to January 2017 with spinoglenoid notch cysts complicated suprascapular nerve compression syndromes were included.There were 7 males and 4 females with the average age of 41.5±5.3 years old (range 29-56 years) with 3 patients left side involved and 8 right side.All patients were diagnosed with MRI and EMG.The surgical procedure began with posterior capsule arthroscopic releasement from the labmm,then found the spinoglenoid notch cyst.Split of the cyst was made for internal drainage,then found the suprascapular nerve and vessel bundle for clearing the bursal tissue with probe,decompressed the suprascapular nerve finally.Mecobalamin was taken (0.5 mg,tid) until 3 months postoperatively.The patients were evaluated by functional scores from American Shoulder Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and Constant-Murley preoperatively and postoperatively.Statistical analysis was conducted by student t-test.Results All patients were followed up at 7-15 months (with an average of 10 months).The mean preoperative ASES score increased from 46.5±3.7 to 93.8±2.2 at the time of final follow-up with the significant difference (t=3.359,P<0.05).Preoperative ASES score were good in 5 cases,fair in 4 cases and poor in 2 cases.The postoperative score were excellent in all patients.The Constant-Murley score was 47.3±4.2 preoperatively and 94.0±1.8 postoperatively with significant difference (t=4.776,P<0.05).Preoperative score were good in 6 cases and fair in 5 cases.The postoperative score were excellent in all patients.These patients had no recurrence of cyst after surgery and returned to work.Conclusion Arthroscopic decompression of spinlglenoid notch cyst and suprascapular nerve release via posterior portal can successfully treat suprascapular nerve compression syndrome resulting in spinoglenoid notch cyst.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 274-287, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514883

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury is a catastrophic injury causing lifelong severe disabilities, and poses a great burden to the individuals, families and society. In order to promote the standardization in treatment of traumatic spinal cord injury, the consensus on the evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation of traumatic spinal cord injury was suggested by experts, who came from authoritative multicenter in China. The expert consensus, which formed a standardization process from the first aid clinical treatment to rehabilitation of spinal cord injury, shall give a better practical guide for clinic and rehabilitation physicians.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1755-1760, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446480

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Inhibiting the apoptosis of intervertebral disc cel s can postpone the degenerative process of intervertebral disc. Survivin has a strong function of regulating cel proliferation and anti-apoptosis. OBJECTIVE:To construct and identify the lentiviral vector encoding survivin gene of human. METHODS:The survivin gene of human (BIRC5) was synthesized through the gene synthesis technology, amplified by PCR and analyzed by electrophoresis. The target gene was cloned into lentiviral expression plasmid to obtain the recombinant lentiviral vector Lenti-BIRC5. After transformation into competent E. coli cel s, the candidate clones were identified by PCR firstly. The positive clones were identified by gene sequencing. The lentivirus plasmid containing target gene was transfected into 293T cel s, and the expression of recombinant lentiviral vector Flag-Survivin fusion protein was detected through western blot analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The PCR results of electrophoresis and DNA sequencing showed that lentiviral vector containing human survivin gene was constructed successful y. Western blot analysis results showed that the target gene was transfected successful y and over-expressed in cultured cel s. The lentiviral expression vector of human survivin gene Lenti-BIRC5 was constructed successful y, which lays a foundation for the study addressing the anti-apoptotic effects of survivin on human nucleus pulposus cel s.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2077-2082, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444078

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Clinical practice verified that percutaneous vertebroplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures obtained obvious curative effects. OBJECTIVE:To compare the therapeutic effect of percutaneous vertebroplasty for treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with or without intravertebral cleft, in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous vertebroplasty for treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. METHODS:A total of 76 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were selected and divided into two groups. Experimental group consisted of 27 patients with intravertebral cleft. Control group comprised 49 patients without intravertebral cleft. After vertebroplasty, visual analogue scale and Oswestry disability index, changes of anterior vertebral height, and types and characteristics of bone cement leakage were compared between the two groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Visual analogue scale and Oswestry disability index were significantly decreased after treatment in the two groups (P0.05). No significant difference in the height of injured vertebra was detectable between pretreatment and posttreatment in the two groups (P>0.05). These results suggested that vertebroplasty is an effective method for lessening the pain in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in patients with or without intravertebral cleft, improving spinal activity function and elevating social activities. However, percutaneous vertebroplasty cannot effectively recover the height of the vertebra.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6444-6450, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Operation is an important measure to improve the function of spinal cord and to stop the pathological progress of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. There are controversies how to select the optimum operation mode, to reduce postoperative complications and to elevate clinical curative effects. OBJECTIVE:To systematical y review patients’ profiles of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy, and to evaluate the effects of simple anterior approach, simple posterior approach and one stage posterior anterior combined approach on cervical spinal curvature index and functional recovery in patients. METHOD148 sample profiles of patients, who received multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy operation in The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University and Qingdao Municipal Hospital from February 2000 to February 2008, and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were selected. They were divided into simple anterior approach group, simple posterior approach group and one stage posterior anterior combined approach group. The differences in the functional recovery were assessed after treatment using different therapeutic methods. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Cervical spinal curvature index was highest in the simple posterior approach group before treatment (P0.05). Significant differences in improvement rate of Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores were detectable after treatment between the one stage posterior anterior combined approach group and simple anterior approach and simple posterior approach groups (P<0.001). Significant differences in cervical dysfunction index and SF-36 scores were detectable among the three groups before and after treatment (P<0.05). Results indicated that compared with the simple anterior approach and simple posterior approach, decompression through one stage posterior anterior combined approach is a reliable and effective operative procedure for treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1266-1271, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322290

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The objective of this study was to use three-dimensional finite element (FE) models to analyze the stability and the biomechanics of two upper cervical fixation methods: the C2 intralaminar screw method and the C2 pedicle screw method.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From computed tomography images, a nonlinear three-dimensional FE model from C0 (occiput) to C3 was developed with anatomic detail. The C2 intralaminar screw and the C2 pedicle screw systems were added to the model, in parallel to establish the interlaminar model and the pedicle model. The two models were operated with all possible states of motion and physiological loads to simulate normal movement.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both the C2 intralaminar screw method and the C2 pedicle screw method significantly reduced motion compared with the intact model. There were no statistically significant differences between the two methods. The Von Mises stresses of the internal and external laminar walls were similar between the two methods. Stability was also similar.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The C2 intralaminar screw method can complement but cannot completely replace the C2 pedicle screw method. Clinicians would need to assess and decide which approach to adopt for the best therapeutic effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Range of Motion, Articular
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