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1.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 23(1): https://revista.pgsskroton.com/index.php/JHealthSci/article/view/7808, 20210330.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179374

ABSTRACT

Low-level laser therapy has been investigated as a possible stimulus for enhancement of proliferation and differentiation of various cell types, but few reports relate undifferentiated mouse pulp cells (OD-21) response to irradiation in in vitro models. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of low-level laser therapy (λ=660 nm), with three different irradiation times, on the behavior of OD-21 cell line. The cells were cultivated and divided into three groups: non-irradiated/control (group I); irradiated with 88 s (group II); irradiated with 177 s (group III) and irradiated with 265 s (group IV). Cell growth and viability were assessed after 7 and 10 days. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and MannWhitney tests (α=.05). At day 7, there was a higher cell growth in groups I and II, as compared to group IV (p<.01). At the 10th day, group I showed a higher cell growth as compared to group II (p<.05). Cell viability in group IV was significantly lower at the 7th day, as compared to groups I (p<.001), II (p<.01) and III (p<.001). Cell viability in all the groups was over 80%, except in group IV at day 7. Irradiation time of group I influenced positively the proliferation and viability of OD-21 cells in late cell culture period. (AU)


A terapia a laser de baixa intensidade tem sido investigada como possível estímulo para aumento da proliferação e diferenciação de vários tipos de células, mas poucos relatos relacionam a resposta de células indiferenciadas da polpa dentária de camundongos (OD-21) à irradiação em modelos in vitro. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a influência do laser de baixa intensidade (λ=660 nm), com três períodos de irradiação diferentes, no comportamento das células da linhagem OD-21. As células foram cultivadas e distribuídas em três grupos: não irradiado / controle (grupo I); irradiado com 88 s (grupo II); irradiado com 177 s (grupo III) e irradiado com 265 s (grupo IV). O crescimento e a viabilidade celular foram avaliados após 7 e 10 dias. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (α = 0,05). No dia 7, houve crescimento celular maior nos grupos I e II, em comparação ao grupo IV (p <0,01). No décimo dia, o grupo I apresentou crescimento celular superior ao grupo II (p <0,05). A viabilidade celular no grupo IV foi significativamente menor no sétimo dia, em comparação aos grupos I (p <0,001), II (p <0,01) e III (p <0,001). A viabilidade celular em todos os grupos foi superior a 80%, exceto no grupo IV no dia 7. O tempo de irradiação do grupo I influenciou positivamente a proliferação e a viabilidade das células OD-21 no período mais tardio da cultura celular.A terapia a laser de baixa intensidade tem sido investigada como possível estímulo para aumento da proliferação e diferenciação de vários tipos de células, mas poucos relatos relacionam a resposta de células indiferenciadas da polpa dentária de camundongos (OD-21) à irradiação em modelos in vitro. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a influência do laser de baixa intensidade (λ=660 nm), com três períodos de irradiação diferentes, no comportamento das células da linhagem OD-21. As células foram cultivadas e distribuídas em três grupos: não irradiado / controle (grupo I); irradiado com 88 s (grupo II); irradiado com 177 s (grupo III) e irradiado com 265 s (grupo IV). O crescimento e a viabilidade celular foram avaliados após 7 e 10 dias. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (α = 0,05). No dia 7, houve crescimento celular maior nos grupos I e II, em comparação ao grupo IV (p <0,01). No décimo dia, o grupo I apresentou crescimento celular superior ao grupo II (p <0,05). A viabilidade celular no grupo IV foi significativamente menor no sétimo dia, em comparação aos grupos I (p <0,001), II (p <0,01) e III (p <0,001). A viabilidade celular em todos os grupos foi superior a 80%, exceto no grupo IV no dia 7. O tempo de irradiação do grupo I influenciou positivamente a proliferação e a viabilidade das células OD-21 no período mais tardio da cultura celular. (AU)

2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056578

ABSTRACT

Abstract Calcium aluminate cement (CAC) has been highlighted as a promising alternative for endodontic use aiming at periapical tissue repair. However, its effects on dental pulp cells have been poorly explored. Objective: This study assessed the impact of calcium chloride (CaCl2) and bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) or zinc oxide (ZnO) additives on odontoblast cell response to CAC. Methodology: MDPC-23 cells were exposed for up to 14 d: 1) CAC with 2.8% CaCl2 and 25% ZnO (CACz); 2) CAC with 2.8% CaCl2 and 25% Bi2O3 (CACb); 3) CAC with 10% CaCl2 and 25% Bi2O3 (CACb+); or 4) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), placed on inserts. Non-exposed cultures served as control. Cell morphology, cell viability, gene expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP-1), ALP activity, and extracellular matrix mineralization were evaluated. Data were compared using ANOVA (α=5%). Results: Lower cell density was detected only for MTA and CACb+ compared with Control, with areas showing reduced cell spreading. Cell viability was similar among groups at days one and three (p>0.05). CACb+ and MTA showed the lowest cell viability values at day seven (p>0.05). CACb and CACb+ promoted higher ALP and BSP expression compared with CACz (p<0.05); despite that, all cements supported ALP activity. Matrix mineralization were enhanced in CACb+ and MTA. Conclusion: In conclusion, CAC with Bi2O3, but not with ZnO, supported the expression of odontoblastic phenotype, but only the composition with 10% CaCl2 promoted mineralized matrix formation, rendering it suitable for dentin-pulp complex repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Dental Cements/pharmacology , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Oxides/pharmacology , Oxides/chemistry , Time Factors , Zinc Oxide/pharmacology , Zinc Oxide/chemistry , Bismuth/pharmacology , Bismuth/chemistry , Materials Testing , Calcium Chloride/pharmacology , Calcium Chloride/chemistry , Gene Expression/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Silicates/pharmacology , Silicates/chemistry , Drug Combinations , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects , Odontoblasts/drug effects
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1325-1330, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040132

ABSTRACT

Impairing osteoporosis progression is a challenge, and recently the role of antioxidants has been associated to bone metabolism. Green tea extract is rich in catechins, especially epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which may help control osteoporosis damage in bone tissue. This investigation evaluated the efficacy of green tea ingestion containing different concentrations of EGCG in calvaria bone repair of ovariectomized rats. Wistar rats (n=15) were ovariectomized and divided into 3 groups: ovariectomized (OVX), ovariectomized + GTE 15 % EGCG (OVX/GTE15), and ovariectomized + GTE 94 % EGCG (OVX/GTE94). Green tea extract was administered by gavage in the concentration of 50 mg/kg and sham group (n=5) received water. Bone defects were performed in the calvaria 60 days after ovariectomy followed by 4 weeks until euthanasia. Bone samples were collected to perform qualitative and quantitative histological analysis of bone formation. Data obtained were submitted to normality and ANOVA statistical test for p<0.05. The mean values of neoformed bone for Sham, OVX, OVX/GTE15 and OVX/GTE94 were respectively: 21.11 ± 3.91; 19.92 ± 2.20; 33.05 ± 1.26 e 34.75 ± 0.54 (p<0.05). Results show that continuous ingestion of green tea extract immediately after ovariectomy shows positive effects in the prevention of bone loss in osteoporosis, even with low concentrations of EGCG.


La disminución en la progresión de la osteoporosis es un desafío, y recientemente el papel de los antioxidantes se ha asociado al metabolismo óseo. El extracto de té verde es rico en catequinas, especialmente el galato de epigalocatequina (EGCG), lo que puede ayudar a controlar el daño de la osteoporosis en el tejido óseo. Esta investigación evaluó la eficacia de la ingesta de té verde con diferentes concentraciones de EGCG en la reparación ósea de calvaria de ratas ovariectomizadas. Las ratas Wistar (n = 15) fueron ovariectomizadas y divididas en 3 grupos: ovariectomizadas (OVX), ovariectomizadas + GTE 15 % EGCG (OVX / GTE15), y ovariectomizadas + GTE 94 % EGCG (OVX / GTE94). El extracto de té verde se administró por sonda en una concentración de 50 mg/kg y el grupo simulado (n = 5) recibió agua. Los defectos óseos se realizaron en la calvaria 60 días después de la ovariectomía, seguido de 4 semanas hasta la eutanasia. Se obtuvieron muestras de hueso para realizar un análisis histológico cualitativo y cuantitativo de la formación ósea. Los datos obtenidos se sometieron a normalidad y prueba estadística ANOVA (p<0,05). Los valores medios de hueso neoformado para Sham, OVX, OVX / GTE15 y OVX / GTE94 fueron: 21,11 ± 3,91; 19,92 ± 2,20; 33,05 ± 1,26 y 34,75 ± 0,54 (p <0,05), respectivamente. Los resultados muestran que la ingesta continua de extracto de té verde, inmediatamente después de la ovariectomía, muestra efectos positivos en la prevención de la pérdida ósea ocurrida en la osteoporosis, incluso con concentraciones bajas de EGCG.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Tea/chemistry , Bone Regeneration , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Catechin/analogs & derivatives , Catechin/metabolism , Osteoporosis/pathology , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Ovariectomy , Rats, Wistar
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e013, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989479

ABSTRACT

Abstract Recent studies on functional tissue regeneration have focused on substances that favor cell proliferation and differentiation, including the bioactive phenolic compounds present in grape seed extract (GSE). The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the stimulatory potential of GSE in the functional activity of undifferentiated pulp cells and odontoblast-like cells. OD-21 and MDPC-23 cell lines were cultivated in odontogenic medium until subconfluence, seeded in 24-well culture plates in a concentration of 2x104/well and divided into: 1) OD-21 without GSE; 2) OD-21+10 µg/mL of GSE; 3) MDPC-23 without GSE; 4) MDPC-23+10 µg/mL of GSE. Cell proliferation, in situ detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total protein content were assessed after 3, 7 and 10 days, and mineralization was evaluated after 14 days. The data were analyzed by ANOVA statistical tests set at a 5% level of significance. Results revealed that cell proliferation increased after 10 days, and protein content, after 7 days of culture in MDPC-23 cells. In situ ALP staining intensity was higher in undifferentiated pulp cells and odontoblast-like cells after 7 and 10 days, respectively. A discrete increase in MDPC-23 mineralization after GSE treatment was observed despite OD-21 cells presenting a decrease in mineralized nodule deposits. Data suggest that GSE favors functional activity of differentiated cells more broadly than undifferentiated cells (OD-21). More studies with different concentrations of GSE must be conducted to confirm its benefits to cells regarding dentin regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Grape Seed Extract/pharmacology , Odontoblasts/drug effects , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Dentin/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Odontogenesis/drug effects
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 17(3): 31-38, 2014. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-743038

ABSTRACT

Objective: Regenerative medicine and tissue engineering are searching for novel stem cell based therapeutic strategies that will allow for efficient treatment or even potential replacement of damaged organs. The purpose of this work was to study the behavior of human umbilical cord vein cells (UCVs) through osteoblastic differentiation. Material and Methods: Cells were isolated, expanded and cultivated in osteogenic medium. After 7, 14 and 21 days of culture, cell morphology, proliferation, viability and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were evaluated. Immunolocalization of ALP was performed after 1, 7 and 14 days of culture and cells were analyzed in a fluorescence microscope. Statistical test utilized was Mann-Whitney (p < 0.05). Results: The results showed that osteogenic medium induced morphological changes in UCVs. Besides, it permitted cell viability and proliferation, as well as an increase in alkaline phosphatase expression and activity. Conclusion: It is concluded that these cells can differentiate into osteoblastic-like cells, contributing to applications for cell therapy and tissue engineering.


Objetivo: A medicina regenerativa e engenharia de tecidos estão à procura de estratégias terapêuticas baseadas em células-tronco que permitam tratamento eficiente ou até mesmo potencial substituição de órgãos danificados. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar o comportamento das células da veia do cordão umbilical humano (UCVs) através da diferenciação osteoblástica. Material e Métodos: As células foram isoladas, expandidas e cultivadas em meio osteogênico. Depois de 7, 14 e 21 dias de cultura, foram avaliadas a morfologia celular, a proliferação, a viabilidade e a fosfatase alcalina (ALP). Imunolocalização de ALP foi realizada após 1, 7 e 14 dias de cultura e as células foram analisadas em microscópio de fluorescência. O teste estatístico utilizado foi de Mann-Whitney (p < 0,05). Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que o meio osteogênico induziu alterações morfológicas nos UCVs. Além disso, foram evidenciadas viabilidade e proliferação celulares, bem como um aumento na expressão e atividade da fosfatase alcalina. Conclusão: Conclui-se que as células utilizadas no presente estudo podem diferenciar-se em células semelhantes à osteoblastos, contribuindo para aplicações em terapia celular e engenharia de tecidos


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Osteoblasts , Stem Cells , Umbilical Cord
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(4): 328-336, 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-658006

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the odontogenic potential of undifferentiated pulp cells (OD-21 cell line) through chemical stimuli in vitro. Cells were divided into uninduced cells (OD-21), induced cells (OD-21 cultured in supplemented medium/OD-21+OM) and odontoblast-like cells (MDPC-23 cell line). After 3, 7, 10 and 14 days of culture, it was evaluated: proliferation and cell viability, alkaline phosphatase activity, total protein content, mineralization, immunolocalization of dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (DMP1), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteopontin (OPN) and quantification of genes ALP, OSTERIX (Osx), DMP1 and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) through real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests (p<0.05). There was a decrease in cell proliferation in OD-21 + OM, whereas cell viability was similar in all groups, except at 7 days. The amount of total protein was higher in group OD-21 + OM in all periods; the same occurred with ALP activity after 10 days when compared with OD-21, with no significant differences from the MDPC-23 group. Mineralization was higher in OD-21+OM when compared with the negative control. Immunolocalization demonstrated that DMP1 and ALP were highly expressed in MDPC-23 cells and OD-21 + OM cells, whereas OPN was high in all groups. Real-time PCR revealed that DMP1 and ALP expression was higher in MDPC-23 cell cultures, whereas RUNX2 was lower for these cells and higher for OD-21 negative control. Osx expression was lower for OD-21 + OM. These results suggest that OD-21 undifferentiated pulp cells have odontogenic potential and could be used in dental tissue engineering.


O objetivo foi avaliar o potencial odontogênico de células indiferenciadas da polpa (OD-21) por meio de indução química in vitro. As células foram divididas em grupos: controle (OD-21), induzido (OD-21 em meio suplementado/OD-21 + OM), e células odontoblastóides (MDPC-23). Após 3, 7, 10 e 14 dias, avaliou-se proliferação e viabilidade celular, proteína total e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), mineralização, imunolocalização da proteína da matriz dentinária 1 (DMP1), ALP e osteopontina (OPN), assim como a expressão dos genes ALP, OSTERIX (Osx), DMP1 e fator de transcrição RUNX2 por PCR em tempo real. Os dados foram avaliados pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis seguido pelo teste de Mann-Whitney U (p<0.05). Houve diminuição na proliferação celular em OD-21 + OM, com viabilidade celular similar em todos os grupos, exceto aos sete dias. O conteúdo de proteína total foi maior no grupo OD-21 + OM em todos os períodos; o mesmo ocorreu com a atividade de ALP quando comparada com o grupo OD-21, além de apresentar resultados similares ao grupo MDPC-23. A mineralização foi maior em OD-21 + OM quando comparada com o controle negativo. A imunolocalização demonstrou expressão de DMP1 e ALP em MDPC-23 e OD-21 + OM, enquanto que todos os grupos foram positivos para OPN. A expressão gênica de DMP1 e ALP foi maior nas culturas de MDPC-23, enquanto que a de RUNX2 foi menor para estas células e maior no controle negativo. A expressão de OSTERIX foi menor em OD-21 + OM quando comparada aos outros grupos. Sugere-se que as células indiferenciadas da polpa da linhagem OD-21 apresentam potencial odontogênico e poderiam ser usadas para a engenharia tecidual.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dental Pulp/cytology , Odontogenesis/physiology , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Cell Count , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Line , Culture Media , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Odontoblasts/drug effects , Osteopontin/analysis , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Proteins/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors , Tooth Calcification/drug effects , Transcription Factors/analysis
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