Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
1.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 44-55, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893434

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:The authors examined the association of sleep quality and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in schizophrenic patients using actigraphy. @*Methods@#:A total of 101 schizophrenic patients were included in this study. Fifty-four (53.4%) patients met the criteria of MetS. Self-assessment of subjective sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, physical activities were measured using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), respectively. Objective sleep quality and physical activity were measured by Actigraph (ActiGraph wGT3X-BT). @*Results@#:Total time in bed (TIB) (p=0.032), sleep latency (SL) (p=0.001), wake after sleep onset (WASO) (p<0.001) and average awakening (p=0.015) were significantly longer in patients with MetS than those of non-MetS. Results of multiple logistic regression showed that long sleep latency (OR 7.876, 95% CI 1.519, p=0.014) and low sleep efficiency (OR 9.902, 95% CI 1.111, p=0.040) were high risk factors for MetS. @*Conclusion@#:This was the first study to find the correlations of sleep quality and MetS in schizophrenic patients by objective sleep measurements. Although long sleep latency and low sleep efficiency were associated with MetS in patients with schizophrenia, more extensive and complicated designed studies may be needed to the association of MetS and sleep problems in schizophrenic patients.

2.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 44-55, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901138

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:The authors examined the association of sleep quality and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in schizophrenic patients using actigraphy. @*Methods@#:A total of 101 schizophrenic patients were included in this study. Fifty-four (53.4%) patients met the criteria of MetS. Self-assessment of subjective sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, physical activities were measured using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), respectively. Objective sleep quality and physical activity were measured by Actigraph (ActiGraph wGT3X-BT). @*Results@#:Total time in bed (TIB) (p=0.032), sleep latency (SL) (p=0.001), wake after sleep onset (WASO) (p<0.001) and average awakening (p=0.015) were significantly longer in patients with MetS than those of non-MetS. Results of multiple logistic regression showed that long sleep latency (OR 7.876, 95% CI 1.519, p=0.014) and low sleep efficiency (OR 9.902, 95% CI 1.111, p=0.040) were high risk factors for MetS. @*Conclusion@#:This was the first study to find the correlations of sleep quality and MetS in schizophrenic patients by objective sleep measurements. Although long sleep latency and low sleep efficiency were associated with MetS in patients with schizophrenia, more extensive and complicated designed studies may be needed to the association of MetS and sleep problems in schizophrenic patients.

3.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 423-431, 2019.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of blonanserin in schizophrenic patients who were previously treated with other antipsychotics but, due to insufficient response, were switched to blonanserin. METHODS: A total of 52 patients with schizophrenia who were unresponsive to treatment with antipsychotic monotherapy or combination therapy were recruited into this 12-week, open-label, prospective, multicenter study. Patients were switched to blonanserin from their existing antipsychotics over a maximum 2-week tapering-off period. Efficacy was primarily evaluated using the 18-item Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). Assessments were performed at baseline, and at weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12. RESULTS: Switching to blonanserin resulted in a significant decrease in the mean total score on the BPRS from baseline (56.8 ± 9.4) to week 12 (42.1 ± 13.8, p < 0.001). The most common adverse events were extrapyramidal symptoms (n = 12, 23.1%), insomnia (n = 10, 19.2%), and emotional arousal (n = 6, 11.5%). Overweight or obese patients (body mass index ≥ 23 kg/m2, n = 33) who switched to blonanserin exhibited significant weight loss from 75.2 ± 9.3 kg at baseline to 73.5 ± 9.2 kg at week 12 (p = 0.006). The total cholesterol (baseline, 236.1 ± 47.6 mg/dl; endpoint [week 12], 209.9 ± 28.0 mg/dl; p = 0.005) and prolactin levels (baseline, 80.0 ± 85.2 ng/ml; endpoint [week 12], 63.2 ± 88.9 ng/ml; p = 0.003) were also significantly improved in patients with hypercholesterolemia or hyperprolactinemia. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study suggest that switching to blonanserin may be an effective strategy for schizophrenic patients unresponsive to other antipsychotic treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipsychotic Agents , Arousal , Body Weight , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale , Cholesterol , Hypercholesterolemia , Hyperprolactinemia , Overweight , Prolactin , Prospective Studies , Schizophrenia , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Treatment Outcome , Weight Loss
4.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 166-175, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Shiftwork is known to be one of the common causes of sleep and health problems and finally causes the decreased quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the sleep patterns of shiftworking and daytime psychiatric nurses using actigraphy and compare it with subjective assessment for sleep. METHODS: Twenty-three shift-working and 25 daytime nurses were enrolled. They rated their sleep quality using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) and other self-rating scales were measured for psychosocial aspects. Actigraphy was applied to the subjects for a total of 7 days to measure the sleep parameters. They also wrote sleep diaries during the period of wearing actigraphy. Sleep-related parameters of actigraphy, global score and components of PSQI, and the results of other self-rating scales were compared between shift-working and daytime nurses. RESULTS: Although the global score of PSQI did not show significant difference, the PSQI components showed significant differences between two groups: the shift-working nurses showed lower sleep quality, more sleep disturbance and hypnotic medication use, and worsened daytime dysfunction than daytime nurses. The shift-working nurses showed significantly shorter total time in bed and total sleep time, lower sleep efficiency, and longer average awakening time than those of daytime nurses in actigraphy. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that shift-working nurses experienced more sleep disturbances in both subjective and objective aspects of sleep than daytime nurses. This study also suggests that actigraphy may be useful to measure the objective aspects of sleep that are difficult to assess with subjective questionnaires alone.


Subject(s)
Actigraphy , Quality of Life , Weights and Measures
5.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 217-226, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in, and predictors of, metabolic syndrome(MetS) status over a 5-year period in chronic schizophrenic patients and to identify factors associated with the prevention of or recovery from MetS. METHODS: In total, 107 patients, all of whom provided written informed consent, were followed from 2011 to 2016 at Naju National Hospital for this study. MetS was defined according to the revised National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines. RESULTS: During follow-up period, 22(20.5%) patients were newly diagnosed to MetS, 14(13.1%) were disappeared, 77(66.4%) were not changed[MetS : 34(31.8%), No MetS 37(34.6%)]. Common significant factors in the two changed groups were triglyceride and waist circumference, not dose and type of antipsychotic medication. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that female gender(odds ratio[OR]=2.846, 95% confidence interval[CI] : 1.020-7.942), attending two or more outpatient visits per month(OR=3.155, 95% CI : 1.188-8.379) and taking antidepressant medication(OR=3.991, 95% CI : 1.048-15.205) were significantly associated with MetS after controlling for other confounding variables. Type and dose of antipsychotic medication were not significantly associated with MetS. CONCLUSIONS: Triglyceride and waist circumference were important manageable indicator of MetS. Adoption of a healthy lifestyle is more important than adjusting the dose or type of antipsychotic medication in the treatment of chronic schizophrenia patients with MetS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antipsychotic Agents , Cholesterol , Education , Follow-Up Studies , Informed Consent , Life Style , Logistic Models , Outpatients , Schizophrenia , Triglycerides , Waist Circumference
6.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 134-142, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of dementia and its correlates among people with poor socioeconomic status, poor social support systems, and poor performance on the Korean version of the Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE-KC). METHODS: We used 2006-2009 data of the National Early Dementia Detection Program (NEDDP) conducted on Jeju Island. This program included all residents >65 years old who were receiving financial assistance. We examined those who performed poorly (standard deviation from the norm of <-1.5) on the MMSE-KC administered as part of the NEDDP, using age-, gender-, and education-adjusted norms for Korean elders. A total of 1708 people were included in this category. RESULTS: The prevalence of dementia in this group was 20.5%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the following factors were statistically significantly associated with dementia: age of 80 or older, no education, nursing home residence, and depression. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of dementia is very high among those with lower MMSE-KC scores, and significant correlates include older age, no education, living in a nursing home, and depression. Enhancing lifetime education to improve individuals' cognitive reserves by providing intellectually challenging activities, encouraging living at home rather than in a nursing home, and preventing and treating depression in its early phase could reduce the prevalence of dementia in this population.


Subject(s)
Cognitive Reserve , Dementia , Depression , Education, Nursing , Logistic Models , Nursing Homes , Prevalence , Social Class
7.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 217-224, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725325

ABSTRACT

Subsyndromal bipolar symptoms are common during maintenance treatment and appear to be associated with relapse into an episode of the same polarity. This implies subsyndromal symptoms are an important problem in recurrent bipolar disorder and require more additive and infallible therapeutic intervention. Undetected, untreated subsyndromal states lead patients to have poor prognosis and quality of life. The combination of a long undetected illness and significant psychosocial impairment renders early identification and intervention vital for the treatment of bipolar disorders. Methods for early identification includes finding prodromes, using screening tools such as the HCL-32 (Hypomania Checklist-32) and the BSDS (bipolar spectrum diagnostic scale). Various augmentation treatment methods would be needed to reduce subsyndromal symptoms, especially, psychosocial treatment has the potential to help patients address the multiple psychosocial problems associated with this chronic illness. To overcome difficulties of diagnosing subsyndromal disorder and to treat it appropriately, a staging system was suggested by some researchers. It assumes that earlier stages have better prognosis and require simpler therapeutic regimens. Staging may assist in treatment planning and prognosis of bipolar disorder, and emphasize the importance of early intervention. Further research is required in this exciting and novel area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bipolar Disorder , Chronic Disease , Early Intervention, Educational , Mass Screening , Prognosis , Quality of Life , Recurrence
8.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 358-364, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155028

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The appropriate empirical antimicrobial choice in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) should be advocated by community-based information on the etiologic pathogens, their susceptibility to antimicrobials, clinical characteristics and outcomes. Jeju is a geographically isolated and identical region in Korea. However, there is no regional reference on adult CAP available. This study investigated the etiologic agents and clinical outcomes of adult patients diagnosed with CAP in Jeju, Korea, to help guide the empirical antimicrobial choice. METHODS: A prospective observational study for one year in a referral hospital in Jeju, Korea. Patients diagnosed with CAP were enrolled with their clinical characteristics. Microbiological evaluations to identify the etiologic agents in the adult patients with CAP were performed with blood culture, expectorated sputum smear and culture, antibody tests for mycoplasma, chlamydophila, and antigen tests for legionella and pneumococcus. The clinical outcomes of the initial empirical treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: Two hundred and three patients with mean age of 64 and 79 females were enrolled. Ten microbials from 90 cases (44.3%) were isolated and multiple isolates were confirmed in 30. Among the microbial isolates, S. pneumoniae (36.3%) was the most common, followed by M. pneumoniae (23.0%), C. pneumoniae (17.0%), S. aureus (9.6%) and P. aeruginosa (5.9%). The initial treatment failure (23.8%) was related to the isolation of polymicrobial pathogens, elevated inflammatory markers, and the presence of pleural effusion. Among the 30 isolates of S. pneumoniae, 16 (53.3%) were not susceptible to penicillin, and 19 isolates (63.3%) to erythromycin and clarithromycin. However, 29 isolates (96.7%) were susceptible to levofloxacin and ceftriaxone. CONCLUSION:S. pneumoniae, M. pneumoniae, S. aureus, and P. aeruginosa are frequent etiologic agents of adult CAP in Jeju, Korea. The clinical characteristics and antibiotic resistance should be considered when determining the initial empirical antimicrobial choice. Respiratory quinolone or ceftriaxone is recommended as an empirical antimicrobiotic in the treatment of adult CAP in Jeju, Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Ceftriaxone , Chlamydophila , Clarithromycin , Community-Acquired Infections , Drug Resistance , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Erythromycin , Korea , Legionella , Mycoplasma , Ofloxacin , Penicillins , Pleural Effusion , Pneumonia , Prospective Studies , Referral and Consultation , Sputum , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Treatment Failure
9.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 122-130, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183825

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in North Korean defectors who have been living in South Korea for more than one year. METHODS: We used questionnaires developed by the authors to collect sociodemographic data in addition to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Psychosocial Well-being Index to measure stress, and a social support scale. A total of 367 subjects were included in this study. RESULTS: The results showed that 30.5% of the men and 34.7% of the women reported depressive symptoms, and 33.1% of the men and 36.1% of the women exhibited signs of severe distress. Correlates of depressive symptoms were lack of occupation [odds ratio (OR)=2.198, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.247-3.873], having escaped without family (OR=1.725, 95% CI, 1.006-2.959), and a poor subjective sense of health status (OR=3.111, 95% CI, 1.591-6.085). CONCLUSION: Continuing vocational training and career management, psychological support programs, and intensive physical health services are needed to improve the mental health of this population.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Depression , Epidemiologic Studies , Health Services , Mental Health , Occupations , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Republic of Korea , United Nations
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL