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1.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 292-301, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000782

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Detection of multifocal, multicentric, and contralateral breast cancers in patients affects surgical management. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) can identify additional foci that were initially undetected by conventional imaging. However, its use is limited owing to low specificity and high false-positive rate. Multiparametric MRI (DCE-MRI + diffusion-weighted [DW] MRI) can increase the specificity. We aimed to describe the protocols of our prospective, multicenter, observational cohort studies designed to compare the diagnostic performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI for the diagnosis of multifocal, multicentric cancer and contralateral breast cancer in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. @*Methods@#Two studies comparing the performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI for the diagnosis of multifocal, multicentric cancer (NCT04656639) and contralateral breast cancer (NCT05307757) will be conducted. For trial NCT04656639, 580 females with invasive breast cancer candidates for breast conservation surgery whose DCE-MRI showed additional suspicious lesions (breast imaging reporting and data system [BI-RADS] category ≥ 4) on DCE-MRI in the ipsilateral breast will be enrolled. For trial NCT05307757, 1098 females with invasive breast cancer whose DCE-MRI showed contralateral lesions (BI-RADS category ≥ 3 or higher on DCE-MRI) will be enrolled. Participants will undergo 3.0-T DCE-MRI and DWMRI. The diagnostic performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI will be compared.The receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and characteristics of the detected cancers will be analyzed. The primary outcome is the difference in the receiver operating characteristic curve between DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI interpretation. Enrollment completion is expected in 2024, and study results are expected to be presented in 2026.Discussion: This prospective, multicenter study will compare the performance of DCE-MRI versus multiparametric MRI for the preoperative evaluation of multifocal, multicentric, and contralateral breast cancer and is currently in the patient enrollment phase.

2.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 876-886, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938393

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the performance of MicroPure US imaging to detect and characterize microcalcifications. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 171 lesions with suspicious microcalcifications seen on mammography and B-mode US were included and simultaneously evaluated using MicroPure US imaging. The size of microcalcifications was divided into small (punctate, amorphous, fine pleomorphic, and fine linear) and large (coarse heterogeneous), and the extent was divided into narrow (grouped) and wide (others). MicroPure US imaging visibility was divided into four types based on the number of microcalcifications on the two images: B > M (more on B-mode), B = M (similar), B < M (more on MicroPure), and negative. Triple pairwise comparison was used to evaluate the imaging features according to the MicroPure US imaging visibility. @*Results@#Among the 171 lesions examined, 157 lesions (91.8%) were detected by MicroPure US imaging. The proportion of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 4A was significantly higher in the MicroPure positive group, and that of category 4B was significantly higher in the MicroPure negative group (p = 0.035). The other imaging features did not differ. Among the positive MicroPure subgroups, all features showed no significant difference. @*Conclusion@#MicroPure US imaging demonstrated 91.8% positivity in detecting microcalcifications on B-mode US. MicroPure US imaging visibility correlated with the BI-RADS category of microcalcifications.

3.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 241-247, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925524

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#After the publication of the ACOSOG (American College of Surgeons Oncology Group) Z0011 trial, the rate of axillary lymph node dissection has reduced. Thus, the need for intraoperative frozen section biopsy of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) has become controversial. We identified patients for whom intraoperative SLN frozen section biopsy could be omitted and found that frozen section biopsy rate can be reduced. @*Methods@#We reviewed the records of patients with tumors ≤5 cm in diameter who underwent breast-conserving surgery between January 2013 and December 2019 at Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital. Clinicopathological and imaging characteristics were compared according to number of positive SLNs (0–2 SLNs positive vs. ≥3 SLNs positive). @*Results@#A total of 1,983 patients were included in this study. Thirty-two patients (1.6%) had at least 3 positive SLNs. Patients with ≥3 positive SLNs had significantly larger tumors and were more frequently high-grade tumors (P < 0.001 and P = 0.002, respectively). Identification of suspicious lymph nodes on imaging studies was also associated with the presence of ≥3 positive SLNs (hazard ratio, 11.54; 95% confidence interval, 4.42–30.10). All patients with none or only 1 suspicious lymph node on any imaging modality (n = 647, 32.6%) had 0–2 positive SLNs. Also, among patients with clinical T1-stage tumors and at least 2 suspicious lymph nodes on only 1 imaging modality (n = 514, 25.9%), only 2 cases had ≥3 positive SLNs. @*Conclusion@#We found that intraoperative SLN frozen biopsy could be omitted in patients using tumor size and axillary lymph node status on imaging modality.

4.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 218-228, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898979

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Interest in unenhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening for breast cancer is growing due to concerns about gadolinium deposition in the brain and the high cost of contrast-enhanced MRI. The purpose of this report is to describe the protocol of the Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Screening Trial (DWIST), which is a prospective, multicenter, intraindividual comparative cohort study designed to compare the performance of mammography, ultrasonography, dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI, and diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI screening in women at high risk of developing breast cancer. @*Methods@#A total of 890 women with BRCA mutation or family history of breast cancer and lifetime risk ≥ 20% are enrolled. The participants undergo 2 annual breast screenings with digital mammography, ultrasonography, DCE MRI, and DW MRI at 3.0 T. Images are independently interpreted by trained radiologists. The reference standard is a combination of pathology and 12-month follow-up. Each image modality and their combination will be compared in terms of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, rate of invasive cancer detection, abnormal interpretation rate, and characteristics of detected cancers. The first participant was enrolled in April 2019. At the time of manuscript submission, 5 academic medical centers in South Korea are actively enrolling eligible women and a total of 235 women have undergone the first round of screening. Completion of enrollment is expected in 2022 and the results of the study are expected to be published in 2026.Discussion: DWIST is the first prospective multicenter study to compare the performance of DW MRI and conventional imaging modalities for breast cancer screening in high-risk women. DWIST is currently in the patient enrollment phase.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 218-228, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891275

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Interest in unenhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening for breast cancer is growing due to concerns about gadolinium deposition in the brain and the high cost of contrast-enhanced MRI. The purpose of this report is to describe the protocol of the Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Screening Trial (DWIST), which is a prospective, multicenter, intraindividual comparative cohort study designed to compare the performance of mammography, ultrasonography, dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI, and diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI screening in women at high risk of developing breast cancer. @*Methods@#A total of 890 women with BRCA mutation or family history of breast cancer and lifetime risk ≥ 20% are enrolled. The participants undergo 2 annual breast screenings with digital mammography, ultrasonography, DCE MRI, and DW MRI at 3.0 T. Images are independently interpreted by trained radiologists. The reference standard is a combination of pathology and 12-month follow-up. Each image modality and their combination will be compared in terms of sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, rate of invasive cancer detection, abnormal interpretation rate, and characteristics of detected cancers. The first participant was enrolled in April 2019. At the time of manuscript submission, 5 academic medical centers in South Korea are actively enrolling eligible women and a total of 235 women have undergone the first round of screening. Completion of enrollment is expected in 2022 and the results of the study are expected to be published in 2026.Discussion: DWIST is the first prospective multicenter study to compare the performance of DW MRI and conventional imaging modalities for breast cancer screening in high-risk women. DWIST is currently in the patient enrollment phase.

6.
Ultrasonography ; : 318-332, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919518

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was undertaken to compare the diagnostic performance and biopsy reduction rate of combined shear-wave elastography (SWE) and B-mode ultrasonography (US) versus B-mode US alone for breast lesions and to determine the most discriminatory parameter in SWE. @*Methods@#A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. The resources for the study were obtained from MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed on August 17, 2018. The quality of the articles was evaluated using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) tool. @*Results@#Twenty-five articles with 5,147 breast lesions were selected. The meta-analysis showed pooled sensitivities of 0.94 and 0.97 (P=0.087), pooled specificities of 0.85 and 0.61 (P=0.009), and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.96 and 0.96 (P=0.095) for combined SWE and B-mode US versus B-mode US alone. When SWE was combined with B-mode US, the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category changed from 4 to 3 in 71.3% of the tests, decreasing the frequency of unnecessary biopsies by 41.1%. All four parameters of SWE (the color grade of lesion stiffness, maximum elasticity, mean elasticity, and color grade of lesion stiffness/homogeneity of the lesion) improved the specificity when they were added to B-mode US. The AUC for each SWE parameter was 0.99, 0.96, 0.96, and 0.93, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Adding SWE to B-mode US not only provides additional diagnostic information for differentiating between benign and malignant breast lesions, but also decreases the likelihood of unnecessary biopsies.

7.
Ultrasonography ; : 265-273, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919492

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify useful shear wave elastography (SWE) parameters for differentiating breast cancer and predicting associated immunohistochemical factors and subtypes. @*Methods@#From November 2018 to February 2019, a total of 211 breast lesions from 190 patients who underwent conventional breast ultrasonography and SWE were included. The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System categories and qualitative and quantitative SWE parameters for each lesion were obtained. Pathologic results including immunohistochemical factors were evaluated. The diagnostic performance of each parameter and its correlation with histological characteristics, immunohistochemical factors, and subtypes of breast cancer were analyzed using analysis of variance, the independent t test, the Fisher exact test, logistic regression analysis, and the DeLong method. @*Results@#Among 211 breast lesions, 82 were malignant, and 129 were benign. Of the SWE parameters, Emax showed the highest area under the curve (AUC) for differentiating malignant from benign lesions (AUC, 0.891; cut-off>50.85). Poor tumor differentiation and progesterone receptor-negativity were correlated with higher SDmean and Emax (P<0.05). Ki-67-positive breast cancer showed higher SDmean and a heterogeneous color distribution (P<0.05). Ki-67 and cytokeratin 5/6-positive breast cancers showed higher Emax/Efat ratios (P<0.05). Luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-enriched, and triple-negative (non-basal) subtypes showed somewhat higher SDmean values than the luminal A and triple-negative (basal) subtypes (P=0.028). @*Conclusion@#Emax is a reliable parameter for differentiating malignancies from benign breast lesions. In addition, high stiffness and SDmean values in tumors measured on SWE could be used to predict poorly differentiated, progesterone receptor-negative, or Ki-67-positive breast cancer.

8.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 395-408, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901269

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the value of clinicopathologic factors and imaging features of primary breast cancer in predicting early recurrence after the primary treatment. @*Materials and Methods@#We enrolled 480 patients who had been followed-up after breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant therapy from January 2010 to December 2014 at our hospital. Early recurrence was defined as recurrence within 3 years after completion of primary treatment, and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the clinicopathologic and imaging predictive factors of early recurrence. @*Results@#In the univariate analysis, among the clinicopathologic factors, advanced stage (p = 0.021), high histologic grade (p < 0.001), estrogen receptor negative (p = 0.002), high Ki-67 proliferation index (p = 0.017), and triple-negative breast cancer (p = 0.019), and among the imaging features, multifocality (p < 0.001), vessels in the rim on Doppler ultrasonography (US) (p = 0.012), and rim enhancement (p < 0.001) on magnetic resonance imaging of the breast were significantly associated with early recurrence. In the multivariate analysis, advanced stage [odds ratio (OR) = 3.47; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12–10.73; p = 0.031] and vessels in the rim on Doppler US (OR = 3.32; 95% CI 1.38–8.02; p = 0.008) were the independent predictive factors of early recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Vascular findings in the rim of the primary breast cancer on Doppler US before treatment is a radiologic independent predictive factor of early recurrence after the primary treatment.

9.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 395-408, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893565

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the value of clinicopathologic factors and imaging features of primary breast cancer in predicting early recurrence after the primary treatment. @*Materials and Methods@#We enrolled 480 patients who had been followed-up after breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant therapy from January 2010 to December 2014 at our hospital. Early recurrence was defined as recurrence within 3 years after completion of primary treatment, and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the clinicopathologic and imaging predictive factors of early recurrence. @*Results@#In the univariate analysis, among the clinicopathologic factors, advanced stage (p = 0.021), high histologic grade (p < 0.001), estrogen receptor negative (p = 0.002), high Ki-67 proliferation index (p = 0.017), and triple-negative breast cancer (p = 0.019), and among the imaging features, multifocality (p < 0.001), vessels in the rim on Doppler ultrasonography (US) (p = 0.012), and rim enhancement (p < 0.001) on magnetic resonance imaging of the breast were significantly associated with early recurrence. In the multivariate analysis, advanced stage [odds ratio (OR) = 3.47; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12–10.73; p = 0.031] and vessels in the rim on Doppler US (OR = 3.32; 95% CI 1.38–8.02; p = 0.008) were the independent predictive factors of early recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Vascular findings in the rim of the primary breast cancer on Doppler US before treatment is a radiologic independent predictive factor of early recurrence after the primary treatment.

10.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 318-332, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916768

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To correlate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with prognostic factors of breast cancer.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#24 breast cancer patients were evaluated with CEUS. As a quantitative analysis, the peak enhancement (PE), wash-in and wash-out area under curve (WiWoAUC), wash-in rate (WiR) and wash-out rate, rise time, fall time, mean transit time, time to peak, and wash-in perfusion index (WiPI) were measured. As a qualitative analysis, the enhancement patterns were evaluated. Pathologic prognostic factors, including histologic grade, hormonal receptors and Ki-67 proliferative index were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Correlation of quantitative and qualitative parameters of CEUS with prognostic factors was assessed.@*RESULTS@#We found that the quantitative CEUS values (PE, WiWoAUC, and WiPI) of estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer were higher than those of ER negative counterpart (all p 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The CEUS parameters were helpful in predicting prognostic factors, such as ER positivity or triple negativity. However, they could not predict the histologic grade.

11.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 46-54, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740161

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of a computer-aided detection (CAD) system used with automated breast ultrasonography (ABUS) for suspicious lesions detected on breast MRI, and CAD-false lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included a total of 40 patients diagnosed with breast cancer who underwent ABUS (ACUSON S2000) to evaluate multiple suspicious lesions found on MRI. We used CAD (QVCAD™) in all the ABUS examinations. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of CAD and analyzed the characteristics of CAD-detected lesions and the factors underlying false-positive and false-negative cases. We also analyzed false-positive lesions with CAD on ABUS. RESULTS: Of a total of 122 suspicious lesions detected on MRI in 40 patients, we excluded 51 daughter nodules near the main breast cancer within the same quadrant and included 71 lesions. We also analyzed 23 false-positive lesions using CAD with ABUS. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of CAD (for 94 lesions) with ABUS were 75.5%, 44.4%, 59.7%, and 62.5%, respectively. CAD facilitated the detection of 81.4% (35/43) of the invasive ductal cancer and 84.9% (28/33) of the invasive ductal cancer that showed a mass (excluding non-mass). CAD also revealed 90.3% (28/31) of the invasive ductal cancers measuring larger than 1 cm (excluding non-mass and those less than 1 cm). The mean sizes of the true-positive versus false-negative mass lesions were 2.08 ± 0.85 cm versus 1.6 ± 1.28 cm (P < 0.05). False-positive lesions included sclerosing adenosis and usual ductal hyperplasia. In a total of 23 false cases of CAD, the most common (18/23) cause was marginal or subareolar shadowing, followed by three simple cysts, a hematoma, and a skin wart. CONCLUSION: CAD with ABUS showed promising sensitivity for the detection of invasive ductal cancer showing masses larger than 1 cm on MRI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Hematoma , Hyperplasia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nuclear Family , Sensitivity and Specificity , Shadowing Technique, Histology , Skin , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Warts
12.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 75-80, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740157

ABSTRACT

Metastasis of rhabdomysarcoma to the breast is a very rare manifestation in adult males. Herein, we report a case of metastasis from embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in the left hypothenar muscle that presented as a breast mass in a 38-year-old man, who four months later expired because of multiple bone metastases related to pancytopenia. We describe the various imaging findings, including mammograms, ultrasonography, computerized tomography (CT), positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of this rare disease. The various imaging findings of this lesion could be helpful for future diagnosis of male breast lesions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Breast , Diagnosis , Electrons , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancytopenia , Rare Diseases , Rhabdomyosarcoma , Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal , Ultrasonography
13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1295-1301, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763230

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Women with dense breast are known to be at high risk for breast cancer, but their prevalence and number of Korean women are unknown. The current study was to investigate the distribution of mammographic breast density by age of women undergoing screening mammography, and to estimate the prevalence of Korean women with dense breasts, quantitatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For obtaining a nationwide representative sample, 6,481 mammograms were collected from 86 screening units participated in the National Cancer Screening Program for breast cancer. Based on the American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System classification, breast density was evaluated by six breast radiologists, qualitatively. We applied these breast density distributions to age-specific counts of the Korean women population derived to mid-year 2017 to estimate the number of Korean women with dense breasts. RESULTS: Overall, 54.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 52.9% to 55.8%) of women 40 to 69 years of age had heterogeneously or extremely dense breasts, and this proportion was inversely associated with age. Based on the age distribution of Korean women, we estimated that 6,083,000 women (95% CI, 5,919,600 to 6,245,600) age 40-69 years in Korean have dense breasts. Women aged 40-49 years (n=3,450,000) accounted for 56.7% of this group. CONCLUSION: More than half of Korean women aged 40 and over have dense breasts. To prevent breast cancer effectively and efficiently, it is necessary to develop a new personalized prevention strategy considering her status of breast density.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Age Distribution , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Classification , Cross-Sectional Studies , Early Detection of Cancer , Information Systems , Korea , Mammography , Mass Screening , Prevalence
14.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 175-178, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764163

ABSTRACT

Juvenile hypertrophy of the breast is a rare condition, leading to hyperplastic breast anomalies in adolescents. Here, we report a case involving a 15-year-old girl, presented with asymmetric enlargement of the left breast. Pronounced parenchymal thickening was found on initial ultrasonography (US). MRI and second-look US revealed a focal mass-like lesion on the left mid-lateral breast, confirmed as juvenile hypertrophy of the breast on pathology.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Breast , Hypertrophy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pathology , Ultrasonography
15.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 114-122, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916713

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of breast ultrasound (US) computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions and analyze features of lesions interpreted with errors retrospectively.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#Three hundred and sixteen women with 375 breast lesions were enrolled. We assessed the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV). Additionally, we evaluated the causes and patterns of the misinterpretation in the false positive and negative groups.@*RESULTS@#The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of breast US-CAD were 80.3%, 83.3%, 79.8%, 37.7%, and 97.0%, respectively. There were 8 false negative lesions that were oval in shape and in parallel orientation. There were 66 false positive lesions. The greatest number of errors entailed inappropriate demarcation due to heterogeneous echogenicity, etc. The second exhibited suspicious features with good demarcation and description but were confirmed as benign histologically. The third entailed a benign lesion with suspicious features, such as abscesses. The smallest portion with good demarcations and descriptions indicating benign status exhibited possible malignancy as a final conclusion.@*CONCLUSION@#Breast US-CAD is expected to be helpful in avoiding unnecessary biopsies due to its high NPV. Therefore, operators need to know the characteristics of lesions prone to misinterpretation.

16.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 196-203, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916702

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Breast cancer of young women shows poor prognosis, but the imaging findings has not been well known. We evaluated the MRI characteristics of young women.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#From January 2009 to December 2013, we included 91 patients under the age of 35 who were diagnosed histologically as breast cancer and underwent MRI. The relationship between the clinical and histopathological prognostic factors was obtained using electronic medical records and the retrospective analysis of MRI findings was statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The most common imaging findings of breast mass were irregular shape (53.7%), irregular margin (53.7%), heterogeneous enhancement (53.8%), and type 3 kinetic curve pattern (57.1%). In the multivariate analysis, the rim enhancement was significantly related to the higher tissue grade (p = 0.001), estrogen receptor negative (p < 0.001), and progesterone receptor negative (p < 0.001). The irregular mass shape (p = 0.015) and type 3 kinetic curve (p = 0.002) were related to lymph node metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#MRI findings of breast cancer in young women (≤ 35-years-old) are not different from those of general breast cancer, but the rim enhancement, irregular mass shape and type 3 kinetic curve are related with pathologic factors of poor prognosis.

17.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 13-21, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916646

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the immune-histochemical characteristics of upgraded malignancy from high-risk and borderline breast lesions, and to correlate the upgrade rates with clinical findings.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#We scrutinized image-guided biopsy records retrospectively, and included all women afflicted with high-risk and borderline breast lesions during the period, 2011 to 2015, inclusive. A total of 340 high-risk and borderline lesions were identified by the pathologist in biopsy samples and thereafter, surgical excision and/or image follow-up for at least 24 months was performed. We compared the clinical emanating from both high-risk and borderline lesions, and with and without cancer upgrade. In the instances of lesions with cancer upgrade, histologic and immuohistochemical reviews were performed.@*RESULTS@#Of the 340 high-risk or borderline lesions, 18.8% (64/340) were upgraded. The upgrade rates were higher in patients of more advanced age, larger body habitus and afflicted with atypical ductal hyperplasia rather than with other pathology (p < 0.05). In the lesions with cancer upgrade (n = 64), there was no lymph node metastasis. The estrogen receptor-positive (93.8%), progesterone receptor-positive (87.5%), human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2-negative (90.6%), Ki-67-negative (82.8%), and Luminal A (76.6%) types were seen more frequently.@*CONCLUSION@#Most upgraded malignancies arising from high-risk and borderline breast lesions were found to be Luminal A-type with good prognostic factors, and the upgrade rates correlated with clinical characteristics.

18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 682-691, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716267

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic performance of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and DCE ultrasound (DCE-US) for predicting response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This Institutional Review Board-approved prospective study was performed between 2014 and 2016. Thirty-nine women with breast cancer underwent DCE-US and DCE-MRI before the NAC, follow-up DCE-US after the first cycle of NAC, and follow-up DCE-MRI after the second cycle of NAC. DCE-MRI parameters (transfer constant [Ktrans], reverse constant [kep], and leakage space [Ve]) were assessed with histograms. From DCE-US, peak-enhancement, the area under the curve, wash-in rate, wash-out rate, time to peak, and rise time (RT) were obtained. After surgery, all the imaging parameters and their changes were compared with histopathologic response using the Miller-Payne Grading (MPG) system. Data from minor and good responders were compared using Wilcoxon rank sum test, chi-square test, or Fisher's exact test. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used for assessing diagnostic performance to predict good response. RESULTS: Twelve patients (30.8%) showed a good response (MPG 4 or 5) and 27 (69.2%) showed a minor response (MPG 1–3). The mean, 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles of Ktrans and Kep of post-NAC DCE-MRI differed between the two groups. These parameters showed fair to good diagnostic performance for the prediction of response to NAC (AUC 0.76–0.81, p ≤ 0.007). Among DCE-US parameters, the percentage change in RT showed fair prediction (AUC 0.71, p = 0.023). CONCLUSION: Quantitative analysis of DCE-MRI and DCE-US was helpful for early prediction of response to NAC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Ultrasonography
19.
Ultrasonography ; : 217-225, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731144

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of applying computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) to breast ultrasound (US), depending on the reader's experience with breast imaging. METHODS: Between October 2015 and January 2016, two experienced readers obtained and analyzed the grayscale US images of 200 cases according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) lexicon and categories. They additionally applied CAD (S-Detect) to analyze the lesions and made a diagnostic decision subjectively, based on grayscale US with CAD. For the same cases, two inexperienced readers analyzed the grayscale US images using the BI-RADS lexicon and categories, added CAD, and came to a subjective diagnostic conclusion. We then compared the diagnostic performance depending on the reader's experience with breast imaging. RESULTS: The sensitivity values for the experienced readers, inexperienced readers, and CAD (for experienced and inexperienced readers) were 91.7%, 75.0%, 75.0%, and 66.7%, respectively. The specificity values for the experienced readers, inexperienced readers, and CAD (for experienced and inexperienced readers) were 76.6%, 71.8%, 78.2%, and 76.1%, respectively. When diagnoses were made subjectively in combination with CAD, the specificity significantly improved (76.6% to 80.3%) without a change in the sensitivity (91.7%) in the experienced readers. After subjective combination with CAD, both of the sensitivity and specificity improved in the inexperienced readers (75.0% to 83.3% and 71.8% to 77.1%). In addition, the area under the curve improved for both the experienced and inexperienced readers (0.84 to 0.86 and 0.73 to 0.80) after the addition of CAD. CONCLUSION: CAD is more useful for less experienced readers. Combining CAD with breast US led to improved specificity for both experienced and inexperienced readers.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted , Information Systems , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography
20.
International Journal of Thyroidology ; : 31-40, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The diagnostic performance of shear wave elastography (SWE) combined with ultrasound (US) in the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 459 articles were collected using KoreaMed, Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. The searching words were ‘{(elastography and shear).mp. OR SWE.mp. OR acoustic radiation force impulse.mp. OR ARFI.mp. OR acuson.mp. OR aixplorer.mp.}’. Two authors independently performed article selection and evaluation of the quality of studies with Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network tool. RESULTS: 2582 specimens (thyroid nodules) from 11 studies selected were included in this review. Combined use of US and SWE was reported higher specificity in five literatures, lower specificity in five studies, and no changes in 1 study when compared to US. We performed meta-analysis using data from 10 studies. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of US and SWE group for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant nodules were 0.91 (I2=83.4%), 0.73 (I2=95.9%). The pooled sensitivity and specificity of US alone group were 0.88 (I2=93.2%), 0.71 (I2=92.7%). CONCLUSION: SWE is not effective in the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules to minimize unnecessary biopsy of nodules. The included studies showed significant heterogeneity of results.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Population Characteristics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
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