Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 35
Filter
1.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 197-206, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926916

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Comprehensive understanding of polyenvironmental risk factors for the development of psychosis is important. Based on a review of related evidence, we developed the Korea Polyenvironmental Risk Score (K-PERS) for psychosis. We investigated whether the K-PERS can differentiate patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) from healthy controls (HCs). @*Methods@#We reviewed existing tools for measuring polyenvironmental risk factors for psychosis, including the Maudsley Environmental Risk Score (ERS), polyenviromic risk score (PERS), and Psychosis Polyrisk Score (PPS). Using odds ratios and relative risks for Western studies and the “population proportion” (PP) of risk factors for Korean data, we developed the K-PERS, and compared the scores thereon between patients with SSDs and HCs. In addition, correlation was performed between the K-PERS and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). @*Results@#We first constructed the “K-PERS-I,” comprising five factors based on the PPS, and then the “K-PERS-II” comprising six factors based on the ERS. The instruments accurately predicted participants’ status (case vs. control). In addition, the K-PERS-I and -II scores exhibited significant negative correlations with the negative symptom factor score of the PANSS. @*Conclusion@#The K-PERS is the first comprehensive tool developed based on PP data obtained from Korean studies that measures polyenvironmental risk factors for psychosis. Using pilot data, the K-PERS predicted patient status (SSD vs. HC). Further research is warranted to examine the relationship of K-PERS scores with clinical outcomes of psychosis and schizophrenia.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926371

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study examined the frequency of early cessation of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after orthopedic surgery, and the difference in frequency according to the surgical site and type to determine the factors affecting the early cessation of IVPCA. @*Materials and Methods@#Based on the medical records of 2,915 patients using PCA after orthopedic surgery from October 2018 to February 2020, sex, age, smoking status, surgical site, operation name, anesthesia method, PCA usage time, satisfaction, side effects, early discontinuation and the reason of early discontinuation were assessed. Orthopedic surgery was classified into major surgery and minor surgery, and the surgical site was classified into the upper limb, lower limb, and spine. The reasons for discontinuation were side effects, patient rejection, and discharge. The factors affecting early discontinuation were identified by univariate analysis, and the degree of each factor affecting early discontinuation was confirmed by logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#The early discontinuation rate of IV-PCA was 6% (upper limb: 8.3%, lower limb: 5.7%). Univariate analysis identified, age, surgical site, surgical classification, anesthesia method, PCA usage time, satisfaction, and side effects as factors affecting early discontinuation. Logistic regression analysis showed that early discontinuation of the upper limb surgery was higher than the lower extremity surgery (p=0.005, odds ratio [OR]=1.78). Moreover, that the early discontinuation of minority surgery was higher than that of major surgery (p=0.002, OR=2.029). The most common reason for early discontinuation in lower extremity surgery is the side effects (71.5%), whereas patient rejection was the major reason in upper limb surgery (41.7%). @*Conclusion@#Early cessation of IV-PCA for postoperative pain control was more frequent in upper extremity surgery than lower extremity surgery. The rate of early discontinuation due to simple rejection or discharge of patients was higher in the upper extremity surgery than lower extremity surgery. Therefore, methods such as neuroaxial anesthesia should be considered for pain control after upper limb surgery rather than IV-PCA.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836019

ABSTRACT

Methods@#The study involved 226 people who participated in the Korean Early Psychosis Cohort Study, and we divided the participants into two groups according to the degree of trauma.Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS) were compared at the start of the study and at 12 months after the treatment using paired t-test and repeated measures analysis of variance. @*Results@#At the beginning of the study, there was no significant difference between the two groups. But after 12 months of treatment, the high trauma group showed less improvement in PANSS negative score, general psychopathological score, total score, and SOFAS than the low trauma group. @*Conclusion@#In patients with early psychosis and at least moderate severity of premorbid trauma, negative symptoms, general psychopathological, and social and occupational functional improvements after treatment are less.

4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 726-730, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833318

ABSTRACT

Language disorganization, an objective component of formal thought process abnormality, has been regarded as a core symptom of schizophrenia from an evolutionary psychopathology perspective. However, to the best of our knowledge, the network structure of language disorganization has rarely been examined in patients with schizophrenia. Thus, our preliminary study aimed to evaluate the network structure using the Clinical Language Disorder Rating Scale (CLANG) in 167 inpatients with schizophrenia. All 17 of the CLANG items were considered to be ordered categorical variables ranging from 0 to 3. Our results indicated that disclosure failure, excess syntactic constraints, abnormal prosody, and aprosodic speech rank among the top five central domains within the network structure. We deemed that disclosure failure and prosody problems are the most important symptoms of language disorder in schizophrenia. Thus, reduced top-down processing of linguistic information may be a core neurobiological underpinning of language disorganization in schizophrenia. Further studies controlling for the potential effects of confounding factors (i.e., duration of illness) on network analyses of language disorder and formal thought disorder are warranted in patients with schizophrenia.

5.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 163-174, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832502

ABSTRACT

Objective@#For the proper treatment of first-episode psychosis, assessment of treatment response, remission, relapse, and recovery is important. Therefore, the present study aimed to develop operational definitions of clinical outcomes in first-episode psychosis. @*Methods@#A questionnaire was developed by a panel of experts and underwent three revisions. The final survey was presented to 150 psychiatrists who were members of the Korean Society for Schizophrenia Research. Respondents selected factors that they believed were important to consider while defining treatment response, remission, relapse, and recovery using a 6-point Likert scale. Selected factors that constituted each definition were statistically extracted, and operational definitions were developed. @*Results@#A total of 91 experts responded to the survey. The extent of reduction in psychopathology, socio-occupational functioning, and duration of each state were the core factors of each definition. Outcomes obtained from discussions and consultations by experts have been summarized and proposed. @*Conclusion@#The criteria developed in this survey tended to be somewhat stricter than those used by other studies. The fundamental reason for this is that this survey focused on first-episode psychosis. A better understanding of each definition in first-episode psychosis is necessary to improve effective treatment outcomes.

6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770085

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study analyzed the features of humeral head decentralization in large to massive rotator cuff tears with a shoulder dislocation in the elderly. Moreover, shoulder instability and treatment were reviewed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2005 to February 2017, Group A containing 45 cases (45 patients) over 65 years old accompanied by a large or massive rotator cuff tear with a shoulder dislocation and Group B containing 45 cases (45 patients) without a shoulder dislocation were enrolled. The mean ages in Groups A and B were 73.2 and 72.1 years old, and the mean follow-up periods were 30.7 and 31.3 months, respectively. Twenty-one cases (46.7%) in Group A underwent rotator cuff repair, and 8 cases (17.8%) underwent concomitant rotator cuff repair with Bankart repair. Sixteen cases (35.6%) underwent reverse total shoulder arthroplasty for cuff tear arthropathy. 45 cases (100%) in Group B underwent rotator cuff repair. The off-the center and head elevation were measured in the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of Groups A and B. The preoperative and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score in Groups A and B were compared. RESULTS: In Groups A and B, the mean off-the centers were posterior 7.41 mm and posterior 2.02 mm (p=0.03), and the mean head elevations were superior 6.66 mm and superior 2.44 mm (p=0.02), respectively. The mean ASES scores of Groups A and B were 32.8 and 33.4 before surgery, and 77.1 (p=0.02) and 78.1 (p=0.02) after surgery (p=0.18), respectively. The mean UCLA scores of Groups A and B were 13.1 and 12.8 before surgery, and 28.9 (p=0.02) and 29.5 (p=0.01) after surgery (p=0.15), respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients over 65 years old with a shoulder dislocation in large to massive rotator cuff tears had higher off-the center and head elevation on the preoperative MRI than those without a shoulder dislocation. This measurement can help predict preceding shoulder instability. Early rotator cuff repairs should be performed and other treatments, such as Bankart repair and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty, should also be considered.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty , California , Elbow , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Humans , Humeral Head , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Politics , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder , Surgeons , Tears
7.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 21-27, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and depressive symptoms by administering the nine-item depression module from the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) to participants from the general population of Korea.METHODS: In total, 8,150 adults participated in the 1st year of the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted in 2016. Of them, 5,556 participants underwent tests pertaining to the criteria for metabolic syndrome and responded to PHQ-9; 2,594 respondents were excluded. Analysis of covariance was performed to analyze the relationship between the presence of metabolic syndrome and the PHQ-9 score after adjusting for the effects of demographic and hematologic characteristics and underlying diseases.RESULTS: The total PHQ-9 score (mean=2.98) was significantly higher in participants with metabolic syndrome than in those without it (mean=2.59) (p=0.002). Among the individual PHQ-9 items, changes in sleep, thoughts of suicide or self-harm, and depressive mood showed the greatest differences.CONCLUSION: The PHQ-9 scores in Korea were higher in adults with metabolic syndrome, suggesting an association between metabolic syndrome and depressive symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Depression , Humans , Korea , Nutrition Surveys , Suicide , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915373

ABSTRACT

Diabetic foot ulcers can progress to the point where amputation is needed, and so these ulcers require active treatment. Skin grafts or flaps can be performed for coverage of this type of ulcer. Local flap surgery is relatively easy to perform and good results have been previously reported. We performed single-lobed rotation flap on 5 cases of forefoot ulcer around the site of weight bearing. The location of the foot ulcers was the medial part of the first metatarsophalangeal joint in all the patients. The mean size of the defect was 4.70 cm2. Managing of ulcers, controlling of diabetes and infection, and improving of peripheral blood flow were performed before surgery. In two cases, infection progressed to the articular cartilage and so metatarsophalangeal joint fusions were performed simultaneously. All the cases were completely transplanted. There was no recurrence of the ulcers, and all the patients were able to walk.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739480

ABSTRACT

In comminuted patellar fractures, we performed modified tension band wiring using a FiberWire (Arthrex) instead of the conventional methods. From March 2016 to March 2018, 63 patients with patellar fractures who needed surgical treatment were treated with modified tension band wiring using two Kirschner wires (K-wires) and FiberWire. We inserted two 1.6-mm K-wires perpendicular to the fracture line after accurate reduction. With the knee flexed over 90°, we sutured around the patella using a FiberWire. Visual analog scale score and Levack's score were improved postoperatively. The mean bone union time was 5.6 months. None of the patients had breakage of wires, and nonunion with deformity occurred in one patient. We think that our method can be easier to handle and reduce irritation or breakage of the wires than conventional methods. In addition, early rehabilitation can be allowed. Therefore, we suggest that this method could be a useful method for the treatment of patellar fractures.


Subject(s)
Bone Wires , Congenital Abnormalities , Humans , Knee , Methods , Patella , Rehabilitation , Visual Analog Scale
10.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 38-43, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786873

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to inquire into the relationship between the association of suicidal ideation and the plasma C-reactive protein level in the general population.METHODS: This study selected a total of 5,090 subjects who have responded to the survey item on suicidal ideation status, and received the plasma C-reactive protein test, as a research subject using the 2015 data of the National Health and Nutrition Survey. This study conducted a covariance analysis by correcting a potential influence of demographic and hematological factors. Besides, this study intended to define the cut-off value of the optimum plasma C-reactive protein level, which once identified can distinguish between a subject with and without suicidal ideation using the model of the decision tree.RESULTS: The Plasma C-reactive protein level of a subject having suicidal ideation was noted as being significantly higher than the one having no suicidal ideation in the covariance analysis (p=0.046). In addition, the proper cut-off value of the plasma C-reactive protein level between the subjects with and without suicidal ideation was found to be 1.30 mg/L (p=0.003).CONCLUSION: It is noted that the high plasma C-reactive protein level showed a significant correlation with individuals with noted suicidal ideation. In addition, this study has significance in that it presented that the plasma C-reactive protein concentration has the possibility as an accurate and significant marker of suicidal ideation in the general population.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Decision Trees , Humans , Nutrition Surveys , Plasma , Research Subjects , Suicidal Ideation
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170881

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study was to present an association between the presence of psychotic symptoms and cortical thicknesses/subcortical volumes in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Fourteen AD patients with psychotic symptoms and 41 without psychotic symptoms underwent 3T MRI scanning. After adjusting the effects of confounding variables, the cortical thicknesses were compared between the AD patients with and without psychotic symptoms in multiple regions, across the continuous cortical surface. In addition, the subcortical volumes were compared with a structure-by-structure manner. RESULTS: AD patients with psychotic symptoms were characterized by significant smaller cortical thickness of left pars opercularis (F=4.67, p=0.02) and left lateral occipital gyrus (F=6.05, p=0.04) rather than those without psychotic symptoms, after adjusting the effects of age and scores on the Stroop test, non-psychotic items of Neuropsychiatry Inventory and Clinical Dementia Rating, triglyceride level and total intracranial volume. However, there were no significant differences in the subcortical volume between the two groups. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that AD psychosis may reflect more severe deterioration of neuropathologic change in specific brain region.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Brain , Broca Area , Dementia , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuropsychiatry , Occipital Lobe , Psychotic Disorders , Stroop Test , Triglycerides
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71424

ABSTRACT

The present study details the rationale and methodology of the Korean Early Psychosis Cohort Study (KEPS), which is a clinical cohort investigation of first episode psychosis patients from a Korean population. The KEPS is a prospective naturalistic observational cohort study that follows the participants for at least 2 years. This study includes patients between 18 and 45 years of age who fulfill the criteria for one of schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders according to the diagnostic criteria of DSM-5. Early psychosis is defined as first episode patients who received antipsychotic treatment for fewer than 4 consecutive weeks after the onset of illness or stabilized patients in the early stages of the disorder whose duration of illness was less than 2 years from the initiation of antipsychotic treatment. The primary outcome measures are treatment response, remission, recovery, and relapse. Additionally, several laboratory tests are conducted and a variety of objective and subjective psychiatric measures assessing early life trauma, lifestyle pattern, and social and cognitive functioning are administered. This long-term prospective cohort study may contribute to the development of early intervention strategies and the improvement of long-term outcomes in patients with schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Early Intervention, Educational , Humans , Life Style , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Prospective Studies , Psychotic Disorders , Recurrence , Schizophrenia , Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108197

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy and tolerability of paliperidone extended-release (ER) tablets in patients with first-episode psychosis (n=75). METHODS: This was an 8-week, open-label, multicenter trial. The primary outcome variable was scores on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS); secondary measures included the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), the Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI), and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). To assess safety, we measured drug-related adverse events, weight, lipid-related variables, and prolactin and administered the Simpson–Angus Rating Scale (SARS), the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), the Barnes Akathisia Scale (BAS), the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX), and the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser side effect rating scale (UKU). RESULTS: The administration of paliperidone ER resulted in significant improvement in the PANSS, SANS, CAI, and GAF scores (p<0.001) over time. This improvement was evident as early as 1 week. The most frequent adverse events were akathisia, somnolence, anxiety, and sedation, which were well tolerated. Modest increases in weight and lipid profiles were also noted. Prolactin levels were substantially increased at the endpoint in both male and female patients. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that paliperidone ER is effective and is characterized by good tolerability in the treatment of positive and negative symptoms and cognitive functioning in first-episode psychosis.


Subject(s)
Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale , Anxiety , Arizona , Female , Humans , Male , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Paliperidone Palmitate , Prolactin , Psychomotor Agitation , Psychotic Disorders , Tablets
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In this study, the authors evaluated the correlation between levels of serum lipid, homocysteine, and folate with volumes of hippocampus, amygdala, corpus callosum, and in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) or Alzheimer's disease (AD) type. METHODS: The study recruited patients who visited the dementia clinic of Haeundae Paik Hospital in Korea between March 2010 and June 2014. Among those, patients who had taken the neurocognitive test, brain magnetic resonance imaing, tests for serum lipid, homocysteine, folate, and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotyping and diagnosed with aMCI or AD were included for analysis. Bilateral hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, amygdala and corpus callosum were selected for region of interest (ROI). The cross-sectional relationships between serum lipid, homocysteine, folate and ROI were assessed by partial correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: In patients with aMCI, old age (> 80) and APOE epsilon4 carrier were associated with AD [odds ration (OR) : 12.80 ; 95% confidence interval (CI) : 2.25-72.98 and OR : 4.48 ; 95% CI : 1.58-12.67, respectively]. In patients with aMCI or AD, volumes and thickness of ROI were inversely correlated with levels of serum lipid and homocysteine. In multiple linear regression analyses, higher total cholesterol level was related to lower left, right hippocampus volume and left amygdala volume ; higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was related to lower right entorhinal cortex thickness ; higher homocysteine level was related to lower corpus callosum volume. CONCLUSIONS: Higher serum lipid and homocysteine levels are associated with decreased volume of hippocampus, amygdala, corpus callosum and entorhinal cortex thickness in patients with aMCI or AD. These findings suggest that serum lipid and homocysteine levels are associated with AD as a modifiable risk factor.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amygdala , Apolipoproteins , Apolipoproteins E , Brain , Cholesterol , Corpus Callosum , Dementia , Entorhinal Cortex , Folic Acid , Hippocampus , Homocysteine , Humans , Korea , Linear Models , Lipoproteins , Cognitive Dysfunction , Risk Factors
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643820

ABSTRACT

Patellar fractures in children occur rarely in approximately 1% of all pediatric fractures and 57% of these are osteochondral or cartilaginous avulsion fractures, a type of sleeve fracture. They may be missed in diagnosis due to small bony fragment on simple radiographs, and they always occur ipsilaterally; however, only a few cases of bilateral patellar fracture of the inferior pole have been reported. We experienced an 11 year-old patient an athlete, who suffered repetitive minor trauma, with a stress fracture, which occurred at the inferior pole of the patella bilaterally, and we report on this unusual case with a literature review.


Subject(s)
Athletes , Child , Diagnosis , Fractures, Stress , Humans , Patella
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74801

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors including possibility of bipolar disorder that are related to intensity of suicidal idea. METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 50 patients who did suicidal attempt and treated at the Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital Emergency Room. All participants underwent psychiatric interview and underwent Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale(C-SSRS), Beck Depression Inventory(BDI), Korean Version of Mood Disorder Questionnaire(MDQ) and Bipolar Spectrum Diagnostic Scale(BSDS) to evaluate patient's suicide attempt, severity of depression and possibility of bipolar disorder. RESULTS: Compared to non-high risk group, suicide high risk group showed significantly higher BDI(p<0.001) and intensity of ideation(IOI) in C-SSRS(p<0.001). Also intensity of ideation(IOI) was correlated with Mood Disorder Questionnaire(MDQ) bipolarity positive(p=0.033). CONCLUSION: The present study indicated that possibility of bipolar disorder plays a significant role in suicide attempters. Assessment of suicide ideation severity and possibility of bipolar disorder should be considered when suicide attempters come to emergency room.


Subject(s)
Bipolar Disorder , Depression , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Mood Disorders , Suicide
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18407

ABSTRACT

Depression is a common mental illness with a high lifetime prevalence rate in the general population. However, the pathophysiology of depression is still poorly understood. Recent studies showed that environmental factors can affect gene expression by modifying epigenetic factors. Early life stress (ELS) is likely a risk factor of lifetime vulnerability to stress and development of depression. ELS or stressful lifetime can induce changes in gene expression through epigenetic mechanism, such as DNA methylation or histone modification. In this article, recent researches on the epigenetic mechanisms of depression will be discussed.


Subject(s)
Depression , DNA Methylation , Epigenomics , Gene Expression , Histones , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189611

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of aripiprazole for the management of cognitive impairments and hyperprolactinemia in patients with schizophrenia on a stable dose of risperidone. METHODS: Thirty-five subjects stabilized on risperidone (3-6 mg/day) for a minimum of 3 months were enrolled in a double-blind, placebo-controlled phase for 12 weeks and an open-label phase for another 12 weeks. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive 10 mg/day aripiprazole (n=17) or placebo (n=18). Over the following 12 weeks, the the aripiprazole group received a flexible dose of aripiprazole while tapering risperidone. At baseline, week 12, and week 24, subjects were evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Extrapyramidal Syndrome Rating Scale (ESRS), and standardized neuropsychological assessments. Serum prolactin levels were checked at baseline, week 1, week 2, and week 24. RESULTS: The mean change in total PANSS and cognitive function test scores between baseline and endpoint were similar in the aripiprazole and placebo groups. Scores on the ESRS and negative subscale of PANSS differed significantly between groups in both phases of the study (p<0.05), indicating a positive effect of aripiprazole. Compared with placebo, aripiprazole significantly reduced mean baseline serum prolactin levels within 1 week (p=0.015). CONCLUSION: Adjunctive treatment with and switching to aripiprazole were not associated with improved cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia receiving risperidone; however, aripiprazole treatment decreased negative symptoms and risperidone-induced motor side effects and lowered serum prolactin levels.


Subject(s)
Cognition , Humans , Hyperprolactinemia , Piperazines , Prolactin , Quinolones , Risperidone , Schizophrenia , Aripiprazole
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34814

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Bupleuri Radix (BR) is a major component of several Oriental herbal medicines used to treat stress and mental illness. There are evidences that antidepressant drugs modulate oxidative damage implicated in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorder, including depression. The aim of the present study was to investigate antioxidant and proliferative effects of BR against oxidative stress induced by serum deprivation in SH-SY5Y cells. METHODS: We examined the antioxidant effects of BR on a number of measures, including cell viability, formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and levels of both Bcl-2 and Bax. We also investigated the effects of BR on cell proliferation using the bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) assay, and used Western blot analysis to measure changes in expression of the cell cycle phase regulators. RESULTS: 1) Serum deprivation significantly induced the loss of cell viability, the formation of ROS, the reduction of SOD activity, down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression and up-regulation of Bax expression. However, BR extract reversed these effects in dose-dependent manner. 2) Serum deprivation significantly reduced cell proliferation. Western blot analysis revealed that serum deprivation significantly decreased cyclinD1 and phosphorylated retinoblastoma (pRb) expression, and increased p27 expression. On the other hand, BR dose dependently reversed these effects. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that aqueous extract of BR may exert potent antioxidant effects and also play an important role in regulating cell cycle progression during neurogenesis. These effects of BR may be a potentially important mechanism of antidepressant underlying the observed antioxidant and proliferative effects.


Subject(s)
Antidepressive Agents , Antioxidants , Blotting, Western , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Depression , Down-Regulation , Hand , Neurogenesis , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Retinoblastoma , Superoxide Dismutase , Up-Regulation
20.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 166-173, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of memantine, an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, on cognitive impairments in patients with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: A 12-week, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to determine the effectiveness of memantine as an adjunctive treatment with conventional antipsychotic medications in 26 patients with chronic schizophrenia. The subjects were evaluated with the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), and a standard neuropsychological screening test. RESULTS: Memantine treatment was not associated with significantly improved cognitive test scores compared with the placebo control treatment. An improvement in the scores on the PANSS negative subscale was noted with memantine, but it was not significant. CONCLUSION: Adjunctive memantine treatment did not improve cognitive functioning or affect psychopathology in patients with chronic schizophrenia in the present study. Memantine, however, was tolerated well and did not exacerbate positive symptoms in patients with chronic schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Antipsychotic Agents , Cognition , Depression , Humans , Mass Screening , Memantine , N-Methylaspartate , Pilot Projects , Psychopathology , Schizophrenia
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL