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2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88926

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is the most common type of sporadic encephalitis worldwide, and it remains fatal even when optimal antiviral therapy is applied. There is only a weak consensus on the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with HSE. This study examined whether the radiological and electrophysiological findings have a prognostic value in patients with HSE. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who were diagnosed with HSE by applying the polymerase chain reaction to cerebrospinal fluid and who received intravenous acyclovir at our hospital from 2000 to 2014. We evaluated the clinical outcomes at 6 months after onset and their correlations with initial and clinical findings, including the volume of lesions on MRI, the severity of EEG findings, and the presence of epileptic seizures at the initial presentation. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients were enrolled (18 men and 11 women). Univariate analysis revealed that the presence of severe EEG abnormality and epileptic seizures at the initial presentation were significant correlated with a poor clinical outcome at 6 months (p=0.005 and p=0.009, respectively). In multivariate analysis, the presence of severe EEG abnormality was the only independent predictor of a poor outcome at 6 months (p=0.006). CONCLUSIONS: In cases of HSE, the initial EEG severity and seizure presentation may be useful predictive factors for the outcome at 6 months after acyclovir treatment.


Subject(s)
Acyclovir , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Consensus , Electroencephalography , Encephalitis , Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex , Epilepsy , Herpes Simplex , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Seizures , Simplexvirus
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200092

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) is known to be the most common midline neck mass in children, but the adult population still has this abnormality. The most common symptom of TGDC is a simple neck mass, and differential diagnosis among other abnormalities is important. The aim of this study is to perform a retrospective view of TGDC in order to describe any differences in clinical features, diagnostic tools, treatment, and outcomes in children and adults who underwent surgery in a single institution, and to determine its clinical implications. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review on 75 pathologically diagnosed TGDC patients from 1995 to 2013 who were divided into two groups: children (< or =18 years) and adults. Comparison analysis was performed for age, sex, site and location of cyst, size, diagnostic tool, surgical method, and postoperative outcome. RESULTS: Our study showed frequent occurrence of TGDC in adults. There was no significant sex, site, or location difference in the occurrence of TGDC in children and adults, however, the size of cyst in adults was larger than that in children (mean, 2.80 cm vs 2.15 cm) (P<0.001). Four patients (5.3%) had postoperative recurrence of TGDC, and Sistrunk operation showed lower recurrence rate than excision (3.1% vs 18.2%) (P<0.040). Two malignancy cases were identified postoperatively in adults. CONCLUSION: Particularly in adults, the possibility of carcinoma would make it important to perform fine-needle aspiration for differential diagnosis. Sistrunk procedure will remain the treatment of choice for most TGDC patients considering recurrence risk.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Child , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Neck , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Thyroglossal Cyst
4.
Epidemiology and Health ; : e2013006-2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-721173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Our goal is to validate diagnosing and characterizing epilepsy based on a medical record survey by external reviewers. METHODS: We reviewed medical records from 80 patients who received antiepileptic drugs in 2009 at two hospitals. The study consisted of two steps; data abstraction by certified health record administrators and then verification by the investigators. The gold standard was the results of the survey performed by the epileptologists from their own hospital. RESULTS: The specificity was more than 90.0% for diagnosis and activity, and for new-onset seizures. The sensitivity was 97.0% or more for diagnosis and activity and 66.7-75.0% for new-onset epilepsy. This method accurately classified epileptic syndromes in 90.2-92.9% of patients, causes in 85.4-92.7%, and age of onset in 78.0-81.0%. Kappa statistics for inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability ranged from 0.641-0.975, which means substantial to near-perfect agreement in all items. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that epilepsy can be well identified by external review of medical records. This method may be useful as a basis for large-scale epidemiological research.


Subject(s)
Administrative Personnel , Age of Onset , Anticonvulsants , Epilepsy , Humans , Medical Records , Reproducibility of Results , Research Personnel , Seizures , Sensitivity and Specificity
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149234

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death in western countries or in the developed countries. Zinc intake has been associated with decreased risk of CRC. We investigated the effect of zinc on the formation of colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) induced by azoxymethane followed by dextran sodium sulfate in mice. Five-week old ICR mice were fed with the different zinc levels (0.01, 0.1, 1 ppm) for 12 weeks. The numbers of ACF were measured in the colonic mucosa. The ACF number of HZn group was significantly low compared with LZn group or MZn group. Cytosolic superoxide dismutase activity was the highest in HZn group, while thiobarbituric acid reactive substance level for lipid peroxidation was the highest in LZn group. There was no difference in number of PCNA-positive proliferative cells among the groups. TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells were increased in HZn group compared with LZn group. The HZn group exhibited a decrease of beta-catenin immunostaining areas compared with the LZn or MZn group. These findings indicate that dietary zinc might exert a protecting effect against colon carcinogenesis by inhibiting the development of ACF in the mice.


Subject(s)
Aberrant Crypt Foci , Animals , Azoxymethane , beta Catenin , Colon , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cytosol , Developed Countries , Dextrans , Lipid Peroxidation , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mucous Membrane , Sodium , Sulfates , Superoxide Dismutase , Thiobarbiturates , Zinc
6.
Toxicological Research ; : 39-49, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21401

ABSTRACT

We investigated the effect of zinc on the formation of colonic aberrant crypt foci induced by azoxymethane (AOM) followed by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in mice with high iron diet (HFe; 450 ppm iron). Six-week old ICR mice were fed on high iron diets with combination of three different levels of zinc in diets, low-zinc (LZn; 0.01 ppm), medium-zinc (MZn; 0.1 ppm), and high-zinc (HZn; 1 ppm) for 12 weeks. Animals were received weekly intraperitoneal injections of AOM (10 mg/kg B.W. in saline) for 3 weeks followed by 2% DSS (molecular weight 36,000~50,000) in the drinking water for a week. To confirm the iron storage in the body, the hepatic iron concentration has been determine chemically and compared with histological assessment visualized by Prussian blue reaction. Aberrant crypt (AC) and aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were analyzed in the colonic mucosa of mouse fed high dietary iron. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) level were also investigated. Apoptosis in the preneoplastic lesion was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nickend labeling (TUNEL). In addition, immunohistochemistry of beta-catenin was also performed on the mucous membrane of colon. The number of large ACF (> or = 4 AC/ACF), which possess greater tumorigenic potential, was significantly lower in MZn and HZn groups compared with LZn group. Cytosolic SOD activity in the liver was significantly higher in HZn group compared with LZn group. Hepatic MDA level was decreased significantly in HZn group compared with MZn and LZn groups. Apoptotic index was significantly higher in HZn group. Taken together, these findings indicate that dietary zinc might exert a protective effect against colonic preneoplastic lesion induced by AOM/DSS in ICR mice with high iron status, and suggest that dietary supplement of zinc might play a role in suppressing colon carcinogenesis in mice.


Subject(s)
Aberrant Crypt Foci , Animals , Apoptosis , Azoxymethane , beta Catenin , Colon , Cytosol , Dextrans , Diet , Dietary Supplements , Drinking Water , Ferrocyanides , Immunohistochemistry , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Iron , Iron Overload , Iron, Dietary , Liver , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mucous Membrane , Prussian Blue Reaction , Sodium , Sulfates , Superoxide Dismutase , Zinc
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227300

ABSTRACT

Selenium (Se) is known to prevent several cancers while the relationship between high iron and the risk of colorectal cancer is controversial. To investigate the effects of Se in colon carcinogenesis, we subjected three different levels of Se and high-iron diet to a mouse model of colon cancer in which animals were treated with three azoxymethane (AOM) injections followed by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) administration. There were five experimental groups including vehicle group [normal-Fe (NFe, 45 ppm)+medium-Se (MSe, 0.1 ppm)], positive control group (AOM/DSS+NFe+MSe), AOM/DSS+high-Fe (HFe, 450 ppm)+low-Se (LSe, 0.02 ppm), AOM/DSS+HFe+MSe, and AOM/DSS+HFe+high-Se (HSe, 0.5 ppm). The animals were fed on the three different Se diets for 24 weeks. The incidence of colon tumor in the high-Se diet group (AOM/DSS+HFe+HSe) showed 19.4% lower than positive control group, 5.9% lower than AOM/DSS+HFe+MSe diet group, and 11.1% lower than AOM/DSS+HFe+LSe group. The tumor multiplicity was significantly higher in the low-Se diet group (AOM/DSS+HFe+LSe) compare to all other AOM/DSS treated groups. In the high-Se diet group, the activity of hepatic GPx was comparable to that of positive control group, and significantly higher than those of low-Se or medium-Se diet groups. Expression level of hepatic GPx-1 showed similar results. Hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) level (indicator of oxidative stress) in the low-Se diet group showed the highest compared to the other groups, and it was significantly higher than positive control group. In the high-Se diet group the level of MDA in the liver was significantly lower than all other AOM/DSS treated groups. High-Se diet group showed significantly lower proliferative index than low-Se and medium-Se groups. The apoptotic indices in low-Se group and medium-Se group were significantly lower than positive control group. However, apoptotic index of high-Se diet group was significantly higher than all other AOM/DSS treated groups. These findings suggest that dietary Se supplement may have protective effect against colon cancer by decreasing proliferation, increasing apoptosis of tumor cells, and reducing oxidative stress in mice with high iron diet.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Azoxymethane , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Dextrans , Diet , Incidence , Iron , Liver , Malondialdehyde , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Selenium , Sodium , Sulfates
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78682

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There have been studies on the relations between metabolic syndrome and colorectal cancer or on the relations between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphism and colorectal cancer, but reports on the relationship between metabolic syndrome, MTHFR polymorphism and colorectal cancer all together are rare. The aim of this study is to find the interrelation between metabolic syndrome and MTHFR polymorphism in colorectal cancer. METHODS: This study investigated 255 colorectal cancer patients (cancer group) who underwent surgery in our hospital from March 2003 to December 2008 and compared those patients to 488 healthy patients (control group). The diagnostic criterion for metabolic syndrome was based on the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III), and the MTHFR 677 polymorphism was analyzed. RESULTS: When colorectal cancer patients and patients in the control group were classified as MTHFR 677 subtypes, there was no difference between the two groups: CC 87 (34.1%), CT 134 (52.6%), and TT 34 (13.3%) for the cancer group and CC 145 (32.4%), CT 238 (53.1%), and TT 65 (14.5%) for the control group. Distributions of MTHFR 677C/T genotype and allele frequencies in the individuals with and without metabolic syndrome in the cancer group showed no differences. Moreover, we could find no differences in distributions of MTHFR 677C/T genotypes in the clinical and the biomedical variables of individuals with and without metabolic syndrome in the cancer group. CONCLUSION: Our results show no relation between metabolic syndrome and MTHFR polymorphism in colorectal cancer. However, a further prospective study, based on a precise diagnostic criterion for metabolic syndrome, is needed.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Cholesterol , Colorectal Neoplasms , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153261

ABSTRACT

A promoting effect of Na2SiO3 on hair regrowth was investigated using an animal model of C57BL/6 mice. There were four experimental groups including distilled water (DW, a negative control), 5% minoxidil (MXD, a positive control), 50% Na2SiO3, and 100% Na2SiO3 solution. The animals were shaved with an electric clipper and then test solutions applied daily with a volume of 0.2 ml per to the dorsal skin of mice for 3 weeks. Body weight and food and water consumption were measured weekly. Photographs of hair regrowth were taken at experimental day 0, 4, 7, 10, 14, 17, and 21. Activities of alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase as well as expressions of growth factors were also determined in the dorsal skin of mice. The animal body weight were not significantly changed among the experimental groups. The MXD and Na2SiO3 accelerated hair regrowth compared with DW. The elongation of hair follicles were evidently observed in MXD and 50 or 100% Na2SiO3 groups. MXD significantly increased gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase at day 14, compared with DW (P<0.05). But the activities of alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase were not significantly increased in Na2SiO3 groups, compared with DW. The expression of epidermal growth factor was significantly increased in MXD and Na2SiO3 groups, compared with DW (P<0.05). The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor was not significantly changed by MXD or Na2SiO3 treatments. The expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 was clearly decreased in MXD and Na2SiO3 groups, compared with DW. These results indicate that Na2SiO3 may have a hair growth-promoting activity and it can be used for treatment of alopecia or boldness in humans.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Alopecia , Animals , Body Weight , Drinking , Epidermal Growth Factor , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Hair , Hair Follicle , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mice , Minoxidil , Models, Animal , Silicates , Skin , Sodium , Transforming Growth Factors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Water
10.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 293-300, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133074

ABSTRACT

The role of selenium (Se) in modulating colon carcinogenesis induced by azoxymethane (AOM) followed by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) was investigated in mice. Five-week old ICR mice were fed on diets containing different concentrations (0.02, 0.1 or 0.5 ppm) of Se for 24 weeks. Animals received three (0-2nd weeks) intraperitoneal injections of AOM (10 mg/kg body weight), followed by 2% DSS with drinking water for additional 1 week. There were 4 experimental groups including vehicle control group, positive control group given AOM/DSS with AIN-93G normal diet containing 0.1% Se (NSe), a low (0.02 ppm)-Se diet group (LSe) and a high (0.5 ppm)-Se diet group (HSe). Hematology was analyzed with a blood cell differential counter. Liver Se was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined by using proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) for proliferative activity and apoptotic index by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL), respectively. HSe group showed a low incidence of colonic tumor (64.7%), compared with the NSe positive control (75%) and LSe (77.8%) groups. In contrast, HSe group exhibited lower rate of PCNA-positive cells (39.3+/-6.9%) than positive control (64.3+/-0.3%) and LSe (57.3+/-2.9%) groups. In addition, apoptotic index of HSe group was higher than those of positive control and LSe groups. These results indicate that Se is a chemopreventive agent for colon carcinogenesis induced by AOM+DSS in male ICR mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Azoxymethane , Blood Cells , Cell Proliferation , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Dextrans , Diet , Drinking Water , Hematology , Humans , Incidence , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Organothiophosphorus Compounds , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Selenium , Sodium , Spectrum Analysis , Sulfates
11.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 293-300, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133071

ABSTRACT

The role of selenium (Se) in modulating colon carcinogenesis induced by azoxymethane (AOM) followed by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) was investigated in mice. Five-week old ICR mice were fed on diets containing different concentrations (0.02, 0.1 or 0.5 ppm) of Se for 24 weeks. Animals received three (0-2nd weeks) intraperitoneal injections of AOM (10 mg/kg body weight), followed by 2% DSS with drinking water for additional 1 week. There were 4 experimental groups including vehicle control group, positive control group given AOM/DSS with AIN-93G normal diet containing 0.1% Se (NSe), a low (0.02 ppm)-Se diet group (LSe) and a high (0.5 ppm)-Se diet group (HSe). Hematology was analyzed with a blood cell differential counter. Liver Se was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined by using proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) for proliferative activity and apoptotic index by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL), respectively. HSe group showed a low incidence of colonic tumor (64.7%), compared with the NSe positive control (75%) and LSe (77.8%) groups. In contrast, HSe group exhibited lower rate of PCNA-positive cells (39.3+/-6.9%) than positive control (64.3+/-0.3%) and LSe (57.3+/-2.9%) groups. In addition, apoptotic index of HSe group was higher than those of positive control and LSe groups. These results indicate that Se is a chemopreventive agent for colon carcinogenesis induced by AOM+DSS in male ICR mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Azoxymethane , Blood Cells , Cell Proliferation , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Dextrans , Diet , Drinking Water , Hematology , Humans , Incidence , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Organothiophosphorus Compounds , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Selenium , Sodium , Spectrum Analysis , Sulfates
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95322

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to analyze various clinical characteristics of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors including their symptoms, diagnoses and treatment strategies. METHODS: Medical records of 36 cases of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors diagnosed at Bundang CHA Hospital from March 2000 to February 2008 were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean age of patients at diagnosis was 50 years old. Frequent location of the tumors was as follows- rectum, duodenum, appendix, stomach, colon, and small bowel. The size of tumor varied and the mean size was measured 9.0 mm. Any specific symptoms did not arise nor were they detected among most of the patients at the time of diagnosis. Endoscopic resection of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor was undergone in 27 cases, while 13 cases were resected with surgical procedures. Surgical procedures performed were appendectomy in 4 cases, transanal resection in 3 cases, low anterior resection in 3 cases, pancreaticoduodenectomy in 1 case, duodenotomy with mass excision in 1 case, ileotomy with mass excision in 1 case. One case of recurrence was reported during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors have various clinical presentations and the results are highly variable and also individualized according to the site of the primary tumor. It leads to a multiplicity of treatment options for the patients. The expertise of surgeons and endoscopic physicians should be combined for proper management strategies and effective results of carcinoid tumors of gastrointestinal tract treatment.


Subject(s)
Appendectomy , Appendix , Carcinoid Tumor , Colon , Duodenum , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Medical Records , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Rectum , Recurrence , Stomach
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-219550

ABSTRACT

A 57-year-old man with severe abdominal pain was admitted to our hospital. Chest PA and simple abdominal X-ray revealed no specific findings, but the abdominal-pelvis CT scan showed a 5cm sized multiloculated cystic tumor originating from the pancreatic head and a 3.2cm sized hepatic lesion that was suspected to be a metastic lesion. A radical operation was not able to be performed because of peritoneal metastasis and gastrocolonal infiltration. Only open lymph node biopsy was done and it revealed metastatic small cell carcinoma. Long-acting octreotide and gemcitabine was administered to the patient, but there was no therapeutic response. The tumor grew very rapidly to 26cm in size and the patient died 2 months later from his first hospital day. Necropsy was performed, and the pathologic finding of the resected mass was confirmed to be small cell carcinoma, the same as the result of the previous lymph node biopsy.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Deoxycytidine , Head , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Octreotide , Pancreas , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Thorax
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205421

ABSTRACT

For cancer gene therapy, cancer-specific over-expression of a therapeutic gene is required to reduce side effects derived from expression of the gene in normal cells. To develop such an expression vector, we searched for genes over-expressed and/or specifically expressed in cancer cells using bioinformatics and have selected genes coding for protein regulator of cytokinesis 1 (PRC1) and ribonuclease reductase 2 (RRM2) as candidates. Their cancer-specific expressions were confirmed in both breast cancer cell lines and patient tissues. We compared each promoter's cancer-specific activity in the breast normal and cancer cell lines using the luciferase gene as a reporter and confirmed cancer-specific expression of both PRC1 and RRM2 promoters. To test activities of these promoters in viral vectors, the promoters were also cloned into an adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector containing green fluorescence protein (GFP) as the reporter. The GFP expression levels by these promoters were various depending on cell lines tested and, in MDA-MB-231 cells, GFP activities derived from the PRC1 and RRM2 promoters were as strong as that from the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter. Our result showed that a vector containing the PRC1 or RRM2 promoter could be used for breast cancer specific overexpression in gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cloning, Molecular , Cytomegalovirus , Dependovirus , Female , Gene Targeting , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Humans , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Ribonucleoside Diphosphate Reductase/genetics , Transcriptional Activation
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98937

ABSTRACT

Nesidioblastosis is a rare disorder, and it usually considered as a cause of neonatal hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia. A 35 year-old-woman with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia was admitted in an unconscious condition. Abdominal CT, pancreas MRI and celiac angiography with an intra-arterial calcium stimulation test revealed a suspicious insulin-producing tumorous lesion in the head of pancreas. The patient underwent enucleation of the pancreas head tumor under the initial diagnosis of insulinoma. However, the tumor was confirmed histologically as nesidioblastosis that showed ductoendocrine proliferations and numerous small endocrine cell groups. Nesidioblastosis is classified into a focal type and a diffuse type, which are characterized by different clinical outcomes. The patient in our case showed a normal blood glucose level after operation, which is often the case for the focal type. Herein, we report this very rare case of adult nesiodioblastosis that was successfully treated by surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiography , Blood Glucose , Calcium , Endocrine Cells , Head , Humans , Hyperinsulinism , Hypoglycemia , Insulinoma , Nesidioblastosis , Pancreas , Unconscious, Psychology
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-31932

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Generally, a mucinous carcinoma (Muc) of the colon show higher rates of microsatellite instability (MSI) than a non-mucinous carcinoma (non-Muc). Mutated methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) brings about low enzyme activity, which may reduce genomic DNA methylation. These processes may be critical for the oncogenic transformation of human cells. We compared the relationship of MSI and MTHFR polymorphism in Muc to that in non-Muc. METHODS: From March 2003 to August 2007, genomic DNA was isolated from whole blood and tissue specimens of 285 colorectal cancer patients (Muc: 31 cases, non-Muc: 254 cases) and 448 normal control patients. These were subjected to MSI analysis and MTHFR genotyping by using PCR-based restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses. RESULTS: MSI was significantly more frequent in the Muc group (40.7%) than in the non- Muc group (14.8%). The frequencies of polymorphism of MTHFR 677C>T were CC (31.5%), CT (57%), and TT (11.5%) in the patient group and 32.4%, 53.1%, and 14.5% in the control group. In the Muc group, the frequencies of polymorphism of MTHFR 677C>T were CC (36%), CT (56%), TT (8%), and in the non-Muc group, they were 31.1%, 57%, and 11.9%. The frequencies of polymorphism of MTHFR 1298A>C were AA (73%), AC (21.3%), and CC (5.7%) in the patient group and 69.6%, 28.6%, and 1.8% in the control group. In the Muc group, the frequencies of polymorphism of MTHFR 1298A>C were AA (50%), AC (30%), and CC (20%), and in the non-Muc group, they were 76%, 20.3%, and 3.7%. The Muc group showed higher frequencies of the CC variant than the non-Muc group (P-value=0.018). No relation between MSI and MTHFR polymorphisms were seen in any comparison of the Muc and the non-Muc groups. CONCLUSIONS: The Muc group showed higher rates of MSI than the non-Muc group, but no definite difference between the Muc and the non-Muc groups was noted in the case of polymorphism of MTHFR 677C>T. However, the TT-type variant showed slightly lower frequencies in the Muc group than in the non-Muc group. On the contrary, the Muc group showed a higher rate of the CC variant in polymorphism of MTHFR 1298A>C. These inconsistent results seem to be due to the small size of the Muc group, so further study is needed.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Colon , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA , DNA Methylation , Humans , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) , Microsatellite Instability , Microsatellite Repeats , Mucins , Oxidoreductases , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Succinimides , Tetrahydrofolates
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195952

ABSTRACT

To develop a novel therapeutic angiogenesis for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, angiogenin (ANG1) was examined as a potential therapeutic gene. An adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene delivery system was used to measure the therapeutic efficacy of ANG1. Using a triple co-transfection technique, rAAV-ANG1-GFP, rAAV- VEGF-GFP and rAAV-GFP vectors were produced, which were then used to infect human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in order to evaluate in vitro angiogenic activities. Their protein expressions, tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP), were monitored by confocal microscopy. The functional activities were measured using wound-healing HUVEC migration assays. The number of migrated cells stimulated by both the expressed ANG1 and the VEGF in rAAV-infected HUVECs increased almost twice the number observed in the expressed GFP control. In vivo angiogenic activities of the expressed ANG1 or VEGF were determined using mouse angiogenesis assays. The angiogenic activities of ANG1 or VEGF expressed in the injected mice were increased by 1.36 and 2.16 times, respectively, compared to those of the expressed GFP control. These results demonstrate that the expressed ANG1 derived from rAAV infection has in vitro and in vivo angiogenic activities and suggest that the rAAV-ANG1 vector is a potential strategy for therapeutic angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Movement , Cells, Cultured , Dependovirus/genetics , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Ribonuclease, Pancreatic/biosynthesis , Umbilical Veins/cytology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/biosynthesis
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16767

ABSTRACT

Amniotic fluid embolism is rare and unexpected but a life-threatening complication of pregnancy is accompanied by a high mortality rate. This syndrome usually occurs at the time of delivery. Classical clinical features are sudden onset of circulatory collapse, acute respiratory distress, disseminated intravascular coagulation and neurological impairment like seizure. The diagnosis is made by identifying clinically characteristics symptoms, and by exclusion of other cause. We report one case of a patient with amniotic fluid embolism, which showed atypical symptoms like seizure.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid , Diagnosis , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation , Embolism, Amniotic Fluid , Female , Humans , Mortality , Pregnancy , Seizures , Shock
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728333

ABSTRACT

We investigated the action of NOS inhibitors on NOS in rats. Both of nitric oxide synthase inhibitors, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA, 3 micrometer) or NG-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME, 30 micrometer), augmented phenylephrine (PE, 10-7 M)-induced contraction which was inhibited by acetylcholine (ACh) in rat thoracic aorta. This augmentation by L-NAME or L-NMMA was attenuated with the treatment of NO precursor, arginine. ACh, however, decreased the augmentation induced by L-NMMA, but not by L-NAME. Superoxide dismutase (SOD, 50 u/ml) potentiated an inhibitory effect of ACh on the PE (10-7 M)-induced contraction. It has been known that platelet activating factor itself induces iNOS. Platelet activating factor (PAF, 10-7 M) inhibited PE (10-7 M)-induced contraction. Pretreatment with L-NMMA (30 mM) or L-NAME (30 mM) significantly blocked the inhibitory action of PAF on PE-induced contraction. L-NMMA (100 mM) or L-NAME (100 mM) reduced nerve conduction velocity (NCV) relevant to nNOS in rat sciatic nerve. ACh attenuated the reduction of NCV by L-NMMA-, but not by L-NAME-induced reduction of NCV. These results suggest that L-NMMA and/or L-NAME have different action on three types of NOS in rats.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Arginine , Neural Conduction , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Nitric Oxide , Nitroarginine , omega-N-Methylarginine , Phenylephrine , Platelet Activating Factor , Rats , Sciatic Nerve , Superoxide Dismutase
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