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1.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 18-30, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967818

ABSTRACT

Background@#Korea recently established 70 emergency medical service areas. However, there are many concerns that medical resources for stroke could not be evenly distributed through the country. We aimed to compare the treatment quality and outcomes of acute stroke among the emergency medical service areas. @*Methods@#This study analyzed the data of 28,800 patients admitted in 248 hospitals which participated in the 8th acute stroke quality assessment by Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. Individual hospitals were regrouped into emergency service areas according to the address of the location. Assessment indicators and fatality were compared by the service areas. We defined the appropriate hospital by the performance of intravenous thrombolysis. @*Results@#In seven service areas, there were no hospitals which received more than 10 stroke patients for 6 months. In nine service areas, there were no patients who underwent intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). Among 167 designated emergency medical centers, 50 hospitals (29.9%) responded that IVT was impossible 24 hours a day. There are 97 (39.1%) hospitals that meet the definitions of appropriate hospital. In 23 service areas (32.9%) had no appropriate or feasible hospitals. The fatality of service areas with stroke centers were 6.9% within 30 days and 15.6% within 1 year from stroke onset than those without stroke centers (7.7%, 16.9%, respectively). @*Conclusions@#There was a wide regional gap in the medical resource and the quality of treatments for acute stroke among emergency medical service areas in Korea. The poststroke fatality rate of the service areas which have stroke centers or appropriate hospitals were significantly low.

2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 566-572, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003247

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of the present study was to identify the prevalence and clinical characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in South Korea using the Korean National Health Insurance database (DB). @*Materials and Methods@#We used the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS)’s research DB (NHIS-2021-1-790) from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2019, to make customized DB including sociodemographic information and absence or presence of BPD and other psychiatric disorders. The prevalence and the age of onset of BPD was estimated. To compare medical service utilization between the BPD group and the control group, a 1:1:1 propensity score matching was employed, and the regression analysis was conducted. @*Results@#The prevalence of BPD per 10000 people was 0.96 in 2010 and 1.06 in 2019. The prevalence ratio of males to females was 1:1.38 in 2010 and 1:1.65 in 2019, showing that BPD was more prevalent in females. The patients’ overall average age of onset was 33.19±14.6 years, with the highest prevalence shown in 8503 people in their 20s. By administrative district, the highest prevalence of BPD per 10000 people was shown in Seoul with 8.71 and the lowest in Jeollanam-do with 2.35. The BPD patients showed a pattern of extensive use of general and mental healthcare services. @*Conclusion@#This study identified the prevalence of BPD on a national DB set in South Korea. Although the prevalence of BPD in South Korea was relatively low compared to other countries, there was a steady increase in the number of BPD patients over a decade, which may be possibly due to an increased awareness of mental health and campaigns among healthcare providers and users in the country.

3.
Child Health Nursing Research ; : 271-279, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999852

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Adolescent self-harm is a public health problem. Research suggests a link between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and self-destructive behaviors. Few studies, however, have examined the effects of ACEs on self-harm among Asian adolescents. This study explored the association between lifetime ACEs and a history of self-harm among Korean children and adolescents in elementary, middle, and high schools. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional, retrospective medical record review was conducted on a dataset of a national psychiatrist advisory service for school counselors who participated in the Wee Doctor Service from January 1 to December 31, 2020. The data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression to predict self-harm. @*Results@#Student cases (n=171) were referred to psychiatrists by school counselors for remote consultation. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that the odds of self-harm were higher among high school students (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=4.97; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.94-12.76), those with two or more ACEs (aOR=3.27; 95% CI=1.43-7.47), and those with depression (aOR=3.06; 95% CI=1.32-7.10). @*Conclusion@#The study's findings provide compelling evidence that exposure to ACEs can increase vulnerability to self-harm among Korean students. Students with a history of ACEs and depression, as well as high school students, require increased attention during counseling. School counselors can benefit from incorporating screening assessment tools that include questions related to ACEs and depression. Establishing a systematic referral system to connect students with experts can enhance the likelihood of identifying self-harm tendencies and offering the essential support to prevent self-harm.

4.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 986-996, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918737

ABSTRACT

Objective@#As of 2019, suicide is serious problem in Korea, with the highest suicide rate among OECD countries. To reduce suicide rates Emergency Department Based Post-Suicide Attempt Case Management carried out with government funding in South Korea, but it is insufficient to address the issue. Aim of this study is to prevent suicide attempts through continuous provision of mental health services even after discharge from acute care. @*Methods@#We selected 15 mental health specialists who are multidisciplinary experts in Suicide Prevention. Two-round Delphi survey was conducted on them to reach an agreement for hospital-based case management. @*Results@#The first Delphi survey consisted of 8 areas and 39 questions. Among them, 30 questions draw agreement above the reference value. The second Delphi survey, consisted of 37 questions, resulted in 32 above-standard questions. @*Conclusion@#Consensus was reached in most category of the Hospital Based Case Management for Suicide High-Risk Group. Core of the developed plan was to provide services to patients who visited the hospital, pursue the stability and universalization of services through a medical insurance fee system. In the future, hospital-based case management service will be implemented as a new model contributing to the reduction of suicide rates in Korea.

5.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1064-1072, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832588

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The objective of the present study was to explore causal pathways to understand how second traumatic experiences could affect the development of emotional exhaustion and psychiatric problems. @*Methods@#A total of 582 workers who had jobs vulnerable to secondary traumatic experiences were enrolled for this study. Emotional exhaustion, secondary trauma, resilience, perceived stress, depression, anxiety, and sleep problems were evaluated. A model with pathways from secondary traumatic experience score to depression and anxiety was proposed. The participants were divided into three groups according to the resilience: the low, middle and high resilience group. @*Results@#Resilience was a meaningful moderator between secondary traumatic experiences and psychiatric problems. In the path model, the secondary trauma and perceived stress directly and indirectly predicted perceived stress, emotional exhaustion, depression, anxiety, and sleep problems in all three groups. Direct effects of perceived stress on depression and anxiety were the largest in the low resilience group. However, direct effects of secondary trauma on perceived stress and emotional exhaustion were the largest in the high resilience group. @*Conclusion@#Understanding the needs of focusing for distinct psychological factors offers a valuable direction for the development of intervention programs to prevent emotional exhaustion among workers with secondary traumatic experiences.

6.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 627-630, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832078

ABSTRACT

Tardive dystonia and tardive dyskinesia (TDs) are rare extrapyramidal side effects that develop after long-term use of antipsychotics, but they are different syndromes and rarely occur at the same time. Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic drug associated with a low risk of extrapyramidal side effects in schizophrenia, but its associations with tardive movements are not clear. We present a case of a 19-year-old Asian female patient with schizophrenia and intellectual disabilities who developed concurrent TDs after long-term use of olanzapine. At her 10-month follow-up examination, her concurrent TDs had been treated successfully with clozapine. This case demonstrates that although the use of olanzapine to treat psychosis and behavioral disturbances is increasing due to its high efficacy and low rate of extrapyramidal side effects, concurrent TDs should be carefully assessed after long-term use of this antipsychotic, especially in patients with schizophrenia and intellectual disabilities. Clozapine, by preventing or reversing the debilitating consequences of concurrent TDs, may be an effective treatment for these patients.

7.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 303-310, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832060

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics, such as paliperidone palmitate (PP), are known to improve treatment adherence in patients with schizophrenia, which can lead to reductions in relapse and hospitalization rates. However, relatively few studies have demonstrated the economic impact of LAIs, especially in Asian populations. @*Methods@#We conducted a claim-based mirror-image study to explore changes in healthcare utilization and associated costs, among 1,272 South Korean patients with schizophrenia (ICD-10-CM code F20), between the 1-year periods before and after the initiation of PP treatment. @*Results@#Patients accessed outpatient services more frequently after versus before starting PP treatment, with the number of prescription days increasing by 133.45 (p < 0.0001) and the associated costs increasing by USD 1,497.15 (p < 0.0001). The number of admission days was reduced by 11.33 after starting PP treatment (p < 0.0001) and the associated costs were reduced by USD 1,220.75 (p < 0.0001). However, admission cost savings were different according to patients’ oral drug compliance. The daily dosages for benztropine, procyclidine, and propranolol decreased, showing that there were fewer side-effects after PP-treatment (p < 0.0001). @*Conclusion@#Although the high acquisition cost of PP has been regarded as an obstacle to its clinical use, our results imply that the high prescription costs for PP may be counterbalanced by the reduced admission costs associated with its use. Economic outcomes for patients treated with LAIs should be investigated further to help healthcare decision-makers and providers to determine the value of LAIs relative to other treatment medications.

8.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 670-676, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between emotional exhaustion and selected sociodemographic and psychological factors among nurses in inpatient and outpatient nursing units at a university hospital in South Korea. METHODS: The participants were 386 nurses who completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a measure of emotional exhaustion. Psychological characteristics were evaluated, including hardiness, self-esteem, experience of trauma, resilience, perceived stress, and social support. Correlation analyses examined the relationships between emotional exhaustion with sociodemographic, occupational, and psychological characteristics. Linear regression was used to evaluate the associations between emotional exhaustion and the assessed characteristics. RESULTS: Higher emotional exhaustion scores were associated with greater depression, anxiety, traumatic experience, and perceived stress. Exhaustion was inversely associated with hardiness, self-esteem, resilience, and quality of life. The regression analysis indicated that gender, marriage, resilience, depression, perceived stress, and secondary traumatic stress were significantly associated with emotional exhaustion. CONCLUSION: This study showed that psychological characteristics, such as resilience, depression, and secondary traumatic experiences, may cause emotional exhaustion. Understanding the needs of people with distinct demographic and psychological characteristics offers valuable direction for the development of intervention programs to prevent burnout among nurses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Compassion Fatigue , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Inpatients , Korea , Linear Models , Marriage , Nursing , Nursing Staff , Outpatients , Psychology , Quality of Life
9.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 219-224, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725233

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the relationship between age, sex and alterations in levels of % carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (%CDT) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) in patients admitted with alcohol dependence. METHODS: The study retrospectively enrolled 187 patients who were diagnosed with alcohol dependence according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth edition (DSM-IV) and were admitted into a closed ward in Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital from 2009 to 2012 and Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital from 2012 to 2017. Demographic factors (age, sex) and biochemical markers [%CDT, GGT, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), aspartate transferase (AST), alanine transferase (ALT)] were collected by reviewing medical records. Alterations in the levels of %CDT and GGT in different groups for each demographic factor were compared after correcting for confounding variables (age, initial %CDT, GGT, MCV, AST, ALT). RESULTS: Decreased %CDT and GGT were observed during the period of abstinence after admission. The normalization period for %CDT increased with age, while the normalization period for GGT was longer in female patients. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that alcohol-dependent patients that vary in age have different alterations in %CDT, while different sexes have different alterations in GGT. Age and sex can be potential indicators of treatment response after abstinence in patients with alcohol dependence. Further studies are needed to evaluate the relationship between these factors with regards to physiological and hematological changes in alcohol dependence.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Alanine , Alcoholism , Aspartic Acid , Biomarkers , Demography , Erythrocyte Indices , Heart , Inpatients , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Transferases , Transferrin
10.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 98-98, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47053

ABSTRACT

This correction is being published to correct the errors and to added missing contents.

11.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 10-19, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-105746

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate whether the charges associated with Korean Diagnosis-Related Groups for mental health inpatients adequately reflect the degree of medical resource consumption for inpatient treatment in the psychiatric ward. METHODS: This study was conducted with psychiatric inpatients data for 2014 from the National Health Insurance claim database. The main diagnoses required for admission, classification of the hospitals, and main treatment services were analyzed by examining descriptive statistics. Homogeneities of the major diagnostic criteria were assessed by calculating coefficient variances. Explanation power was determined by R2 values. RESULTS: The most frequent disorders for psychiatric inpatient treatment were alcohol-use disorder, depressive episodes, bipolar affective disorder, and dementia in Alzheimer's disease. Hospitalization and psychotherapy fees were the main medical expenses. Regardless of the homogeneity of the disease group, duration of hospital stay was the factor that most influenced medical expenses. In the psychiatric area, explanation power of Korean Diagnosis-Related Groups was 16.52% (p<0.05), which was significantly lower than that for other major diagnostic area. CONCLUSION: Most psychiatric illnesses are chronic, and the density of services can vary depending on illness severity or associated complications. The current Korean Diagnosis-Related Groups criteria did not adequately represent the amount of in-hospital medical expenditures. A novel Korean classification system that reflects the expenditures of medical resources in psychiatric hospitals should be developed in order to provide appropriate reimbursements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease , Classification , Dementia , Depressive Disorder , Diagnosis , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Fees and Charges , Health Expenditures , Hospital Charges , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Inpatients , Insurance, Health , Length of Stay , Mental Health , Mood Disorders , National Health Programs , Psychotherapy
12.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 295-298, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108193

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Major burn injuries are strongly associated with both psychological trauma and severe pain, and opioids are the mainstay analgesics for the treatment of severe burn pain. The objectives of this study are to find the complex relationship between opioid dose, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during the acute management of pain in burn patients. METHODS: The symptoms of depression and PTSD were assessed in 43 burn patients immediately following wound stabilization and 2 weeks after the initial evaluation. RESULTS: Total opioid doses and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) scores obtained during the second evaluation were positively but weakly correlated after controlling for age and total burn surface area (R=0.33, p=0.03). Moreover, pain management with opioids was significantly more common in burn patients with low Clinician Administered PTSD Scale scores (evaluation 1) and high HAMD scores (evaluation 2) (F=6.66, p=0.001). CONCLUSION: High opioid dose following acute burn trauma might have correlation with depressive symptoms. Monitoring of depressive symptoms may be important following acute burn trauma and consequent opioids pain management, particularly when PTSD symptoms appear minimal during the early stabilization of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid , Burns , Depression , Pain Management , Psychological Trauma , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 333-341, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149854

ABSTRACT

Alcohol dependence is a serious disorder that can be related with a number of potential health-related and social consequences. Cortical thickness measurements would provide important information on the cortical structural alterations in patients with alcohol dependence. Twenty-one patients with alcohol dependence and 22 healthy comparison subjects have been recruited and underwent high-resolution brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and clinical assessments. T1-weighted MR images were analyzed using the cortical thickness analysis program. Significantly thinner cortical thickness in patients with alcohol dependence than healthy comparison subjects was noted in the left superior frontal cortical region, correcting for multiple comparisons and adjusting with age and hemispheric average cortical thickness. There was a significant association between thickness in the cluster of the left superior frontal cortex and the duration of alcohol use. The prefrontal cortical region may particularly be vulnerable to chronic alcohol exposure. It is also possible that the pre-existing deficit in this region may have rendered individuals more susceptible to alcohol dependence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alcoholism , Brain , Cerebral Cortex , Frontal Lobe , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
14.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 135-141, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83789

ABSTRACT

We sought to gain insights on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders, the risk and protective factors and the prevention and intervention programs of mental health problems among disaster workers. The prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among disaster workers was higher than that of the general population and lower than that of disaster survivors. They might suffer from various mental health problems and comorbid disorders. Those mental problems could affect not only their physical health but also self-medication, life satisfaction, and job functioning. Heterogeneous and various factors were positively and negatively associated with psychiatric problems. Prevention and intervention programs were summarized for PTSD among disaster workers. Self-help technique 'RESCUE' and cognitive behavior therapy, developed especially for disaster workers was introduced. Future research and directions were suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Disasters , Mental Health , Prevalence , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Survivors
15.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 1-5, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98854

ABSTRACT

On 16 April 2014, the Sewol ferry, carrying 476 people, sank in the ocean off the south coast of South Korea. Two hundred and ninety five are confirmed dead and 9 remain missing. The Korean Neuropsychiatric Association (KNPA) set up a Disaster Mental Health Committee (KDMHC) for out-reach services and to provide general strategies for promoting mental health and resilience. Mem bers of KDMHC and Volunteering Psychiatrists of the KNPA had participated in disaster mental health services organized by Gyeonggi-Ansan disaster mental health support team. Their activities were composed of psychoeducation, supportive individual and familial counseling and referring service to professional institutes. This report has described the outline of the initial and acute mental health care responses by KDMHC and volunteers among KNPA members.


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Counseling , Disasters , Korea , Mental Health Services , Mental Health , Psychiatry , Volunteers
16.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 1008-1013, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226422

ABSTRACT

The importance of behavioral health after disaster must not overlooked when responding to an event. After disaster, victims experience various difficulties, which responders must keep in mind. They may frighten and confused to cooperate properly with assistance. Persistent distorted blame of self or others for the cause and result of the event is common while different degrees. Behavioral health, which major role is to relieve peoples suffering, also could help cooperation of rescues and accelerate fast recovery after the trauma. Distress of disaster victim could be presented with somatic complaints. Sudden increase of nonspecific physical complaint could be result of somatization of mental stress, which is often observed in disaster victims. After 'Sewol ship sunk' there were lots of need for behavioral health. We now know that how disastrous it could be and how desperate it would be while considering issues of peoples in need for psychological support after disaster. Not to end up in this hopeless situation, it is time to think about how to establish persistent framework to help disaster victims hidden overwhelming sufferings.


Subject(s)
Disaster Victims , Disasters , Ships
17.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 371-379, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The present study is to provide whether open-label studies (OLS) may properly foresee the efficacy of randomized, placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) using OLSs and RCTs data for aripiprazole in the treatment of MDD, with the use of meta-analysis approach. METHODS: A search of the studies used the key terms "depression and aripiprazole" from the databases of PubMed/PsychInfo from Jan 2005 through July 2013. The data were selected and verified for publication in English-based peer-reviewed journals based on rigorous inclusion criteria. Extracted data were delivered into and run by the Comprehensive Meta Analysis program v2. RESULTS: The pooled SMDs for the primary efficacy measure was statistically significant, pointing out the significant reduction of depressive symptoms after aripiprazole augmentation (AA) to current antidepressant treatment in OLSs (pooled SMD=-2.114, z=-9.625, p<0.001); similar results were also found in RCTs (pooled SMD=-2.202, z=-6.862, p<0.001). The meta-regression analysis revealed no influence of the study design for treatment outcome. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the treatment effects of aripiprazole as an augmentation therapy in both OLSs and RCTs, indicating that open-label design may be a potentially useful predictor for treatment outcomes of controlled-clinical trials. The proper conduction of OLSs may provide informative, useful and preliminary clinical data and factors to be involved in controlled-clinical trials, by which we may have better understanding on the role of AA (e.g., dosing issues, proper duration of treatment, specific population for AA) implicated in the treatment of MDD in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major , Publications , Treatment Outcome , Aripiprazole
18.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 3-10, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208244

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Many patients diagnosed with cancer suffer from various psychiatric symptoms such as depression, anxiety and insomnia as well as cancer itself. Patients with cancer are more vulnerable to possible adverse events of psychotropic medications. Although antidepressants are widely used among cancer patients, there is little information about tolerability of antidepressants. This study was conducted to compare tolerability of antidepressants in cancer patients referred for psychiatric consultation. METHODS: The participants were cancer patients who had been referred to psychiatrist for their psychiatric symptoms. We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients diagnosed with cancer from 9 general hospitals in Korea. The discontinuation rate for a 6 months period after treatment initiation for three antidepressants(Escitalopram, Mirtazapine, Paroxetine) were compared. RESULTS: Antidepressants were prescribed for 96.3% of subjects and Escitalopram 150(47.2%), Mirtazapine 92 (28.9%) and Paroxetine 76(23.9%) were prescribed frequently in order There were no significant differences in discontinuation rates among the three antidepressants during the 6 month period after initiation of pharmacotherapy. But there was a difference in discontinuation rates between inpatients versus outpatients(p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In a naturalistic setting for the antidepressant treatment for cancer patients, it seems that there are no differences in discontinuation rates among these three antidepressants. It is therefore essential that such interactions are carefully considered when treating patients of antidepressants who already have cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antidepressive Agents , Anxiety , Citalopram , Depression , Hospitals, General , Inpatients , Korea , Mianserin , Paroxetine , Psychiatry , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
19.
Journal of Korean Burn Society ; : 24-29, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65483

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with work related burns suffer from anxiety, depression, insomnia and suicide ideation etc. Psychiatric symptoms could be reduced by treatment. Almost all patients are referred to psychiatric intervention in our hospital. However, a number of patients show non-adherence. The aim of this study is to figure out the reason of non-adherence and psychiatric symptoms of work related burns patients. METHODS: 123 patients participated in this study. Startle, Physiological arousal, Anger, and Numbness (SPAN), Feeling Suicide, Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) were administered as screening tool. Questions about psychiatric intervention and reasons to refuse psychiatric intervention were asked. RESULTS: 32% patients were depressed, 34% patients had suicide ideation and 59% had PTSD after work related burns. However, 46% of burn patients had not been treated. Stigma of psychiatric intervention and concerns about dependency were major reasons for non-adherence. CONCLUSION: There are gap between necessity and reality of psychiatric intervention on work related burn patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anger , Anxiety , Arousal , Burns , Dependency, Psychological , Depression , Hypesthesia , Mass Screening , Occupational Injuries , Referral and Consultation , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Suicide
20.
Journal of Korean Burn Society ; : 40-45, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65480

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is examine the effects of clinical art therapy on self-esteem, anxiety, and pain of pediatric burn patients. METHODS: Hospitalized pediatric patients, age from 6 to 15, at H specialized burn hospital located in Seoul were chosen as subjects for this study. Total 11 people were participated. An experimental group received 8 sessions of a clinical art therapy program, twice a week with each 40 minutes long. As for measurement tools, a Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and a State Anxiety Inventory for Children (SAIC) were used. And a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was implemented before and after each session. Also, a Drawing a Person test was analyzed along with individual characteristics. RESULTS: 1) The self-esteem score after art-therapy was improved from 28.1+/-3.4 to 32.9+/-3.1 (P<0.001), 2) The Anxiety score after art-therapy was decrease from 34.6+/-3.7 to 26.8+/-2.8 (P<0.001), 3) Overall 8 sessions of each art-therapy, there were significant reduction in the pain scale score (least squares means: 2.5 (2.1~2.8), P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The study demonstrate positive effects of clinical art therapy on self-esteem, anxiety, and pain of pediatric burn patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Anxiety , Art Therapy , Burns
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